Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the signe Gemini. cap. 12.

AS Misael sayth. The signe that is called Gemini is airie, male, meane, and a day signe. The house of Mercurij, exaltation of Cauda Draconis, the star that is called the Dragons taile, is in the third degrée thereof. Saturnus is Lorde by daye, and Mercurius by night. And Iupiter is partener with them, & of the third Triplicitie. The first Facies is gi∣uen to Iupiter,* the second to Mars, the third to the Sun, & hath mastry in mans body, of the shoulders, armes, & handes, & maketh a man faire, couenable, and of meane stature. And if Mercurius be con∣iunct thereto, and be fortunate: he dispo∣seth a man, and maketh him able to lec∣ture and to writing. And is the house of kinred, and nigh sibnesse of counsaile, of religion, and of truth. Of good meat and of sléepe, as Albumasar sayth, when the first degrée of this Gemini goeth downe, the starres arise yt be called Hiades, and change the aire, and thereafter Archites & Echites, that be called Aquila, the Ea∣gle in eightéene degrées, & Delphini in ye sixe & twētie degrée. This signe is called Gemini, that is to meane twins, as Isi. saith. Fables of Poets meane, that these twins were Castor & Pellux, two bre∣thren borne at one burthen, and wereful strong men. And because of them it is sayd, yt the Sun is then in Gemini. For when the Sun is in ye part of heauen, ye vertue is doubled to make the neather world plenteous. And then sometime be many warres and strifes betwéene kins∣men & cousins. Also Isid. telleth another tale, & saith, yt when Castor is ouer & ru∣leth the neather things, then Pollux is ouer & ruleth the ouer things, & againe∣ward. And Marcianus sayth, that that is feined. For sometime in Summer, when nights be most short, one part of the con∣stellation goeth downe, & the other part, that is ye forth, ariseth and goeth vp. And therefore it is saide, that the one brother oweth heauen, and the other hell.

(*Castor and Pollux, as Poets haue feined were two twins, begotten on Le∣da, ye wife of Tindarus king of Laconia, (with whō as it is feined) Iupiter in the likenes of a Swan, did accōpany, for in those daies inchātment & witchery, holpe to further much iniquity, & the childrē so begotten, felt Gods vengeāce secretly, she is said to hatch two egs, of ye one came Pollux & Helena, which was rauished by Paris, for yt which came Trois destruc¦tiō, & of ye other came Castor, & Clitēne∣stra, ye wife of Agamēnon, king of Mi∣cene in Greece, now called Peleponuesi∣us: the tide egs are ye two princes, ye hus∣bād & ye adulterer: those two Castor & Pol∣lux, deliuered ye seas frō pirats & rouers, & therfore being counted Gods of ye sea, were called on by mariners in time of daunger, & tempest Occasion of this was taken of the star called Gemini, into the which it is feined those two brethrē wer turned: ther are two lights which do of∣ten settle on ships called Castor & Pol∣lux, which if they ascend is a token of fair weather, if they falen ye seas a shew of tempest, this is common.