Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of gauring and forgetfu∣lnesse. Chap. 7.

*DEut. 28. God shall smite thée with blindnesse. and another letter saith Stupore. And Stupor is called a dis∣ease of the soule, and Constatine sayth, Stupor is blindnesse of reason: And it is, as it were sleep within the eyen clo∣sed, when for default of spirits the soule déemeth not nor discerneth things, that be sensible seene: As the Sodomits were satten at Lots gates, as the glose saith Gen. 30. and Sap. vltimo. Constantine saith, that this Stupor gau•••g com∣meth in two manners: For either it cō∣meth of perturbation that taketh no heed: or it commeth of superfluitie of hu∣mours, that stoppeth & letteth ye wayes of the spirits in the braine, as it fareth in dronken men: or else it commeth of cold aire, that presseth & wringeth the si∣news of feeling, as it fareth in them that be frosen in Ise, or in Snowe. Also it cōmeth of complection of all the braine, as it fareth of Apoplexia, an euill yt ta∣keth away mouing and feeling, & also in Litargia, the sléeping euil. And also Stupor is called a letting and stunieng of the lims, & a crooking of the vtter parts of the body, when for colde it séemeth yt the lims shrinke & sleee. Damascenus speaketh otherwise of Stupor, & sayth that Stupor is a wondring of a newe thing, &c. Héere Stupor is taken for a manner sléeping sobernesse, the which is a certeine disposition of full grieuous sicknesse, & namely to Litargi that is a postume bread in the hinder cell of the head, & hath that name Litargia of Le∣thos, that is forgetting, for it induceth forgeting. It is oft in old men & in win∣ter, & commeth of fleme: And it cōmeth neuer it selfe, but it commeth alway of some former sicknesse: for in some sick∣nesse fleme is bred by working of a se∣uer heate and boiling, is rauished vp to the braine: And in the hinder cell it is gathered together by reason of accord & likenesse, & gendreth a Postume, whose tokens be continuall eauer, vrine dis∣couloured and thick, shrsting of ye eien, false sléepe, and if the patient be called, vnneth he answereth, & if it hap that he answereth he raueth, & speketh vanity: he lieth vpright, and if he be turned for a time to lye n his side, by his owne rease he turneth himselfe anone, and lyeth vpright, and is full cold in the vt∣ter parts. The remedye of this is, that the sicke man be laied in a light place, Page  [unnumbered] and that there bee talking and greate speaking and disputation, and that he be drawen and haled strongly by the haire of his beard and of his head, and that his face bée ofte washed with colde water and his féete froted oft vnder the soles, and that sinking thing smoaking bee put to the neather partes, as Goates horne burnt, and such other. And ouer all thing he shall haue a clister, & snee∣sing shal be excited, the head shal be sha∣uen & froted with things that openeth the poores, and annointed with mustard & with such other: snéesing in this cause is best token and signe. If sléepe conti∣nue & quaking, with mouing of armes, and gnashing of téeth followeth theron, it is token soone of death. And take heede, that if hee that hath the phrensie falleth in Litargi, that is the worst. And if he that hath Litargi, falleth into phrē∣sie, it is good. All this I haue drawen out of Plato and Constantine.