Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Madnesse and the causes and signes thereof. Chap. 6.

Page  89*AMentia and madnesse is all one as Plato saith, Madnesse is infection of the formost cel of the head, with pri∣uation of imagination, lyke as melan∣choly is the infection of the middle cell of the head, with priuation of reason, as Constant. saith in libro de Melancolia. Melancholia (saith he) is an infection yt hath mastry of the soule, the which cō∣meth of dread and of sorrow. And these passions be diuerse after the diuersity of the hurt of their workings: for by mad∣nesse that is called Mania, principally ye imagination is hurt. And in the other reson is hurted.* And these passions come somtime of melācholy meats, & somtime of drinke, of strong wine, that burneth the humours, & turneth them into ashes, sometime of passions of the soule, as of businesse & great thoughts, of sorrow, & of too great studie, & of dread: sometime of the biting of a woode hounde, or of some other venimous beast: somtime of corrupt and pestilent aire that is infect: somtime of the mallice of a corrupt hu∣mour, that hath the mestry in the bodie o a man prepared to such sicknesse: and as the causes be diuerse, the tokens and signes be diuers.* For some cry & leape, & hurt & wound themselues & other men, & darken & hide thēselues in priuy & se∣cret places: of whose disposition & diffe∣rence it is rehearsed before in the fifth booke, where it is treated of the passion of ye braine. The medicines of them is, yt they be ound, that they hurt not them∣selues and other men. And namely, such shall be refreshed & comforted, & with∣drawen from cause & matter of dread & busie thoughts. And they must be glad∣ded with instruments of musick, & some deale be occupied. And at the last, if pur∣gatiōs & electuaries suffice not, they shal be holpe with craft of Surgery.*