Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

The remedye against the biting of a madde Dogge. Cap. 70.

AGainst the biting of a madde hound,* and of other venimous beastes, wise men and ready vse to make the wounds bleede with fyre or with yron, that the venimme maye come out with bloud that commeth out of the wounds. Men vse to doe thereto wormes that are cal∣led Leaches,* and bloud suckers, and al∣so Cuppes and hornes, to drawe the ve∣nimme from the inner partes. Men vse to gine inwarde thinges, that bée contrarye to venimme, whether it bée simple or double. Triacle and other such thinges, bée made in a playster, and layde to the woundes without, as Nuttes stamped together with Gar∣lyke, Rewe, and Salte And also Nuttes chewed, and layde vppon the bitten place.

And with these foresayde thinges, Page  [unnumbered]Dioscorides saith, That crabs of riuers haue a priuie vertue against this venim. And therefore Constantine teacheth to giue to such men Triacle with water of a crab. Also ashes of crabs with Genciā, is a perticular remedy against such biting of a wood hound. And against this biting helpeth specially the iuyce of Capritoli, Onions, Rew, Nuts, Garlike, Salt, the twigs of a fig trée, Mint, Orobum. All these, or some of them with vineger and honny, be wholefully laide to such bi∣tings For as Constantine saith, all these draw to themselues venim, & with their heate and drinesse they dissolue, destroy, and consume it Against biting & stinging of a Scorpion the chiefe remedy is oyle, in the which a Scorpion is drowned or sod, and laide to the place that is strong. Also if the same Scorpion or another be brused and laied to the wound, it is the wholesomest remedie, for the venimme of stinging turneth againe into the body that it came out of. Also Constant. saith, That Butter of the milke of a cow, hel∣peth much against the venim of a Scor∣pion. Butter by his fatnesse stoppeth and dissolueth, and wasteth by heat, and clen∣seth, and wipeth by cleannesse and moy∣sture. Then Butter eaten ascendeth to ye heart and stoppeth the waies, that the smoake of venim may not come to the heart. Also crabbes of riuers helpe, if the ashes of them be eyther by themselues sod or roasted and burne vnto ashes, and mingled with milke of an Asse, as sayth Constantine. Also as he saith, Casteri∣um and Brimstone helpeth, for either is hot and drie in the fourth degrée. And therefore they helpe against venim. For they dissolue by heate and wast by dri∣nesse. Against bitings of adders and ser∣pents, and against the biting of an Ad∣der the which is called Vipera. First the venimme shall be drawne cut with cups, or with hornes, or in some other wise sodeinly: And he shall take Triacle with water of the séething of Gencian, of Rew, or of Mint. And the Triacle shal be laide about the place, and vppon the wound: or garlike broken with salt and rew, if the Triacle faileth. In the begin∣ning the member that is bitten or stung, shall be straightly bound, that the smoak of the venim, may not freely breake into the inner parts, and men shal help with∣in with things that be contrarye to ve∣nim. Also Constantine saith, that against such venim the brain of an hen & lambes dung, & the iuyce of ye twigs of Pomgra∣nates helpeth well. For as the Cōmen∣tour saith, these dissolue venim & maketh it ready to be wasted.

Lay vpon the place where the Hor∣net,*Waspe, or Bee stingeth, a gadde of colde steele.