Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Arthetica Passio. Cap. 57.

ARthetica is an ache and euill in the fingers and toes,* with swelling and fore ache. And when it is in the fingers, it is called Ciragra, and in the toes it is named Podagra. If it be in the whitle∣bones and ioyntes, it is called Sciatua passio, commeth of cholaricke bloud, and fleamaticke humour, and commeth most of reumaticke cause.

Page  [unnumbered]If bloud be the cause, it is knowen by rednesse of the place, and by heate and swellyng of the beynes of the sore place, and of all the bodie, by hot dyet had be∣fore: and most by age, and by a region like, for it moueth most in spring time. If cholaricke humour be the cause, it is knowen by full strong ache, and sore∣nesse, and by stretching and halyng, and drynesse of sinnewes, by heate of his owne place, by colour redde, meddeled with yeolow, and by swellyng. And moueth most in Summer, and most by hot dyet and drye, and in such a coun∣trey, and ofte many cholaricke superflu∣ities are cast out by spewing and shi∣ting. Hot things grieue, and cold things helpe and comfort. And if steame be the cause, it is knowen by disposition of steame, contrary dyet, by like ache, by swellyng of the place, by sore ache and strong, by little rednesse or none. If it commeth of rumatike cause, it is know∣en by heavinesse of the hèad, by mouing of humoures, tinglyng and fléeting in the ridge beane, and about the shoul∣ders.

This euill is worst, for it draweth togethers & maketh the sinewes of the fingers, toes, and the féete to shrinke together, and draweth out and wasteth substantiall humours in the handes, and maketh them drie, and clighted, and clo∣sed, and vnmightie to be opened: also it maketh the ioyntes of the fingers vn∣séemely with knottie bunches. But this sicknesse maye soone be healed, & when it is olde, vnneth it is curable, namely, when it is tourned into knottie harde∣nesse: and so the matter that is in de∣fault, shall be pourged with couenable medicine, and the patient shall be lette bloud. If bloud be the cause, the heate shal be smit againe with cold medicines. Sometime colde humour is the cause, and then it shall be daulmed and com∣forted with hotte Playsters and Oynt∣mentes. And the patient shall abstaine from great meates, and namely from such as bréede winde, and swellyng, for ofte bentositie and winde maketh this euill more grieuous.

*Claragra, Podagra, Sciatica, is the goute in the handes, feete, & hippes. The cause of this infirmitie, commeth of corrupt bloud, as also of fleumatike humour, or els of a choloricke humor. If it come of bloud or rumatike flume, the place will swell and be redde, and the veynes full. If of cholar, the place swelleth not, but is drye, smooth, and leane, with pricking and burning. If this disease haue continued, after fortye yeares it will be hardly cured. The remedye is to auoyde contagious meates and drinkes, as winesthat bee pearcing, newe beere, and ale, hotte bread and cakes, all shell fish, and water foule, Pigeons and Eeles. Vse Bathes, such as the learned Phisitions shall appoynt, Oyle of swallowes, Oyle of Frogs, Oyle of leate, & to conclude, Oyle of Patience.