Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the phrensie, and the causes and remedyes thereof. Chap. 5.

DEuterenomij. 28. Our Lorde shall smite thée with woodnesse, and losse of wit and of mind, and with stonings, &c. Heere hee calleth woodnesse phrensie, that Constantin discribeth in this man∣ner. Phrensie (he saith) is an hot postume in certeine skins and tels of the braine,* and therevpon followeth waking & ra∣uing. And so phrensie hath that name Frenesis, of frenes, fells that beclippe the braine. And it cōmeth in two māners ei∣ther of the red Cholera chased & made light with heat of it selfe & of feauers, & made woode and rauished vpwarde by veines, sinewes, wosen, & pipes, & gathe∣red to a Postume, & so into the kinde of phensie: or else it commeth of fumosity & smoake, that commeth vpward to the braine, & distroubleth the braine, and is called Perafrenesi, yt is no very phrensie, and the phrentike person suffereth ma∣ny dreadful accidents, as too great thirst, drinesse, blacknesse, and roughnesse of tongue, ••l great griefe and anguish, and rough, and sowning for default of spi∣rits, and chaunging of kinde heae into vnkind. The patient is red, if it come of bloud, and Citrine, if it come of Chole∣ra. This passion commeth to hot men & dry in Summer: and al those haue com∣parison to cholera. Parafrenesis cōmeth of binding togethers and company of other members, as of a postume of the stomacke, or of the mother, & when these members be brought to their own for∣mer state: then the braine turneth again to his owne good state: & then this euill Parafrenesi is cured, and then the man is saued. But if the postume be in the substance of ye braine, then is the phren∣sie worst and most grieuous: & therefore most perillous. These be the signes of phrensie, discouloured vrine, during the Feauer, with woodnesse and continuall waking, moouing, and casting about the eyen, raging, stretching, and casting out of handes, moouing and wagging of the head, grinding, and gnashing to∣gethers of the téeth, alwaye they will arise out of theyr bedde now they sing, nowe they laugh, nowe they weepe, and they bit gladly, and rent their keeper and Leach, seld bee they still, but crye much. And these be most perillouslye sicke, and yet they wot not then that they be sicke. Then they must bée soone holen least they perishe, and that both in diet and in medicine. The diet shall be full scarce, as crums of bread, which must many times bee wet in Water. The medicine is, that in the beginning the patients head bée shauen, and wa∣shed in luke warme Uineger, and that he bée well kept or bounde in a darke place. Diuerse shapes of faces and em∣blaunt of painting shall not bee shewed before him,* lest he be tarred with wood∣nesse: all that be about him, shal be com∣maunded to be still and in silence, men shal not answere to his nise words. In the beginning of medicine he shal be let bloud in a vaine of the forhead, and bleed as much as wil fill an Egge shell. Afore all thing (if vertue & age suffreth) he shal bleede in the head vaine: by medicine di∣gestion shalbe procured, & red Coler uē∣ched. Ouer al things wt ointmēts & bau∣ming, mē shal labor to bring him asleep. Page  [unnumbered] The head that is shauen, shall be plai∣stered with lungs of a Swine, or of a Weather, or of a sheepe, the temples and forhead shal be anointed with the iuyce of Letuse or of Popie. If after these me∣dicines be laide thus to, the woodnesse dureth three daies without sleeping and discouloured vrine: there is no hope of recouering: but if ye vrine begin to take good coulour, and euil signes wexe lesse, there is hope of recouering.