Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Detertura torment. Chap. 49.

AS Constantine sayth,* ofte in the wombe is ache and torment, that commeth of humours engleymed in the guttes and bowelles: As the ach that is called Iacus and Colicus, Iliaca pas∣sio, and Colica passio, and other such. Sometime these passions and euilles come of winde and fumosityes, that stretch and hale the bowelles that bee folde and crumpled: Sometime of super∣fluities of humoures, which grieue the substaunce of the bowells and guts: and Page  105 somtime of some Postume, that hurteth and grieueth the substance of the bow∣ells. Sometime of the great multitude of Wormes that gnawe the bowelles and guttes within: Sometime of com∣pany of other members, that bréede ach in the bowells: Sometime of sharpnesse of humours, that fret and bite the sub∣staunce of the bowells, and bréed therin whelkes and botches. And these euills & passions haue their owne proper cau∣ses and signes. Then rawe ventositie & thick resolued & departed from humors, when it is closed with durt in the bow∣elles, it bréedeth much gnawing and tor∣ment. And if the fumositie or winde be resolued & departed frō bloudie matter, the ach shall bee stinking as the Com∣mentour sayth. And if it be resolued of Cholarike matter, it is pitching and pricking. And if it bée resolued of Flu∣matike matter, it is called Extensiuus, stretching and running. And if it bée resolued of melancholik matter, it is cal∣led Grauatiuus, fore & grieuous. And if it be resolued of glassie fleame, it is called Congelatiuus, fréesing. And if it bée re∣solued of ventositie alone, then it is cal∣led Dolor deambulatiuus, wandering & walking, so saith the Cōmentator word for worde Super Io. and masters and authours vse these words. This passion and euill shall be cured with medicines, that cleanse and voide, and destroy and wast winde and ventosities. For when greate superfluities and gleamie fill the bowells, they bréede therein right grée∣uous passions and euills. For the bow∣elles bée bounde and glewed with glea∣mye superfluitye, and therefore kinds may not deliuer it selfe of superfluities: Therefore néeds followeth ftretting and gnawing of the inner parte, pressing and wringing of the neather partes, and full greate disturbaunce of the ouer parts by smiting of fumosities, and of smoak. And sometime death commeth & distruction of the bodie, as it fareth in I∣liaca and Colica passione. Oft in such a case men laye to first, things that nesh and moyst the harde matter: and then some deale biting medicines, and at the last néedeful medicines that clense and purge. And so when the inner partes bée discharged and purged, all the kinde shall bée brought into due state and be∣ing. When a Postume occupyeth the stomacke or the bowells, of the matter and stretching of the Postume is great ach and heauinesse in the stomacke, and also in the guts and bowels, and by the qualitie of the matter, and of ye postume, the anguish & ach is séebler and stron∣ger. For in the more subtile and smaller guts the postume is kept, the more grée∣uous and perillous is alwaye the ach, for the place and way of the passing of durt and of wind is more straight. But héereto within and without succoureth & helpeth medicine, that meaely cooleth & swageth, because of the Feauer, and by reason of the matter riping and clean∣sings because of heate and of healing, and sowning, because of the Postume, and of the Botch that commeth after, least the place abide botchy not well hea∣led. All these and many other be known in Viatico, and in Plateario: but it wer too much to set them all héere. When Lumbrici, wormes of ye womb be cause, then is most ach. Lumbrici bée long wormes and rounde, and sharpe at the endes, bredde in the inner partes of the bowells, of gleamie and rawe humors. And when they be in the smallest and longest bowels bred, they be called Lū∣brici, for they be long as Constan. saith. And if they be nourished and fed in the neather great bowels, than they be cal∣led Ascarides & Cucurbini. And of these worms be diuerse manner of kinds and shapes, as they be bred of diuerse mat∣ters, for of salt fleame commeth long Wormes, small, and sharpe. For the heate of that fleame, that moueth from the middle toward the vtter part, draw∣eth a long the matter and kinde of the worme. And drinesse mooueth towarde the middle, and may not spread the mat∣ter abroade, but draweth it togethers, and rolleth it, and maketh it rounde. And therefore Wormes that be so bred be long and rounde. And wormes that be bred of swéete fleame bée long and broade: they be long because of heate, for heat draweth a thing along. And they be Page  [unnumbered] broad, for humour sheddeth & spreadeth abroade. And wormes that be bread of sowre fleame that is colde and drie, be short and rounde. For eyther quali∣tye mooueth towarde the middle, and is contrary to length and breadth. And wormes that be bread of kinde fleame, that is colde and moyst, bée short and broad: short for the coldnesse, and broade for the moysture. And these Wormes be called Ascarides and Cucurbins. For they bee lyke to the séedes of Gourdes. Glassie fleame, for too great colde brée∣deth nothing that hath lyse. These wormes bréede hard ach and torments, and gnawing. Therwith commeth fea∣uers, itching of nose, gris ating of teeth, abhomination of meate, stoning and ra∣ning, and léesing of wit, crieng in sléepe, quaking of bodye, putting out and gna∣wing of the tongue, when they haue nought else betwéene theyr téeth. And this commeth for company that the guts haue with instruments of wittes and feeling, and with the chéekes. Then as Constantine saith, it néedeth that these Wormes be soone put out, least they de∣stroye and wast the body, and make the members soft. They bée not put out, but if they bée dead. For while they bée aliue, they cleaue to the guttes, and vnneth goe out. But when they be dead, they bée horrible to kinpe and abhomi∣nable, and so kinde casteth them out. But sometime they passe out, but they be as it were dead and dye anone. Al∣so they bée slaine with bitter thinges, as with Wormewoode, and such other, as Constantine rehearseth in the same Chapter. And all such bitter thinges shoulde bée giuen with honnie, or with milke, or with some swéete things. For wormes loue swéet things: and when they take to them so swéet things, they take bitternesse therwith, and slay them∣selues. For there is the hooke hid vnder meate. When the mother or the bladder is grieued, the bowelles bée grieued for company. For when the necke of the bladder is stopped, the bladder stretcheth through the vrine that is withheld. And when the bladder is stretched, ye gut that lieth thereto, is pressed and wrong, and let of putting out of durt: and so of ven∣tositie and wind closed within commeth Coliea passio. Constantine sayth, That this passion is bread in a gutte, which is called Colon, that is to say, hollowe: that gut is the bum, and is in the right side of the neather wombe, be clipped as a girdle euen to the left side. And this passion hath seauen manner causes, as Constantine sayth. The first is firye heate and cholarike, meddeled with fea∣uers, and drieng and dardning the moi∣sture of durte, and letteth outpassing and deliueraunce of durt. The seconde cause is thicknesse and greatnesse of dry and stopping meates, that let delyu∣raunce and out passing of durt. The third is gleaming flume, letting and stopping the wayes of the neather deli∣ueraunce. The fourth is thicke and greate ventositie and Winde, meddeled with gleamie humours, stretching and haling the gutte. The fifth is a Po∣stume bread in the gutte, letting frée out passing of durte. The sixt is multi∣tude of short and broad wormes, and of long and rounde Wormes, that bée dead, and cleaue togethers in this gut, & may not haue passage to voide out ther∣of. The seauenth is vnféelingnesse of the got, that feeleth not the griefe of durte, neyther putteth it out. This passion, of what cause so euer it come, grieueth and tormenteth the body grieuously, & hath generall and proper accidents: For gene∣rally therewith commeth spuing, abho∣mination and wambling, fretting, and gnawing, passing ach and sore in that side of the wombe, and hardnesse of the wombe. And if it commeth of hot cause, it séemeth that the wombe is sticked & pricked with néedles. And so the patient dyeth, but if he haue some remedye. And if it come of a colde cause: then is felt great gréenaunce, but the ach is not pas∣sing but in one place. And if it come of winde and ventositie, the ach stretcheth and spreadeth, and chaungeth place with grinding and swelling. If it com∣meth of a Postume, there is heate with ach, and Feauers with thirst and with roughnesse of tongue: If it commeth of Wormes, there is torment and ach and Page  106 abhomination. And sometime he casteth out wormes at the mouth. And shortly to speake, the euill is pestilent and ••r∣reyne, slaieng anone, but if there be ha∣stely succont and remedie. Then first the causes of the euill shall be swaged, dissolued, shedde and destroied with ba∣things and beatings, which dissolue, de∣part, and melte the matter, & with oynt∣ments, as Anacison, Irilion, and such other. If it ceaseth not by medicines that swage, then men shall take strong medicines, that dissolue, cleanse, and pourge: as it is contayned in Via∣tico.

This passion hath a cousin, that is called Ilica passio, and hath that name of a gut that is called Ilion, and is a small gut and long, beclypping other guttes a∣bout, and he is vncouered and bare of flesh. Therefore therein is great féeling, and so this passion is called one of the euills, that is named Peracute, verye sharpe. For as Galen saith, it slayeth in one daye, or in twaine. And therefore it is more perillous than Passio colica.

But it is cured in such a maner as Pas∣sio colica, for it is bred welnigh of such causes, but most of a postume, as Con∣stantine saith.

*Lumbrici, or Elmitha are long white; wormes in the mawe, stomacke, and guts. The remedie is to take garlike; and vse it with meate.