Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the Feauer quartane, his signes and remedies. Chap. 40.

THE Feauer quartane commeth of Melancholia rotted without the veines and pipes,* and not gathered to a postume. And this feauer commeth som∣time of kinde Melancholia, and some∣time of Melancholia that is vnkind. Of a feuer quartane that commeth of kind Melancholia, these be the signes and the tokens: It grieueth from the fourth daye, to the fourth daye, with grilling and rising of the haire in the powers first: And then with light heate, and hath foure and twentie houres in the geatest trauaile, and 48. in rest: And trauaileth and grieueth in the hours of Melancholia, that is before the ninth houre, and kéepeth certeine tunes of ar∣cs. After the axes, the vrine is somwhat yeolowe, and is in the dayes of rest, as it were rawe and pale, or somewhat white and thinne. If the matter bée in the stomacke, the mouth is sowre, with mistering of the eien, and turgidi∣nesse, and with other euill signes and in∣ordinate, with elengenes, and sorrowe, with dread anguish, and woe, and other harde passions of the soule. In the body is heauinesse and stownesse, and indige∣stion, and swelling of Ades, heauinesse of the thighs, legs, and ioyntes, vnrest of waking, dread in sléeping, wannesse in nailes and lippes, and namely in the time of axes, ach in lyndes and loines, and of the left flanke and small ribbes, with swelling of ye splene, with strength of appetite. For heauie melancholik hu∣mour putteth downe meate and drinke, to the bottome of the stomack. And ther∣fore the mouth of the stomacke is void, and appetite is excited. There be other manner Feauer quartanes, that come with medling of some other humour, and are called Nothe. And in such feuer uartanes signes be diuerse, which bée medled with melancholike humour: But our purpose nowe is to declare the difference of those feauers. Then when the cause of the ••nartane is kno∣wen in his owne diuersitie, strong me∣dicines that defie, shall be giuen at the Page  [unnumbered] beginning: for the matter is sad & thick. And therfore men shall giue medicines, which defie the matter and cleanse, as Oximell simple and Squiliticum, and other such: when the matter is defied, it shall be cleansed and purged with medi∣cine, that is appropried therto. He shall be bathed and slewed with hot hearbs, which open and close, but let him be∣ware of melancholike meats and grie∣uous. Hée shall vse Electuaries and hot powders, that comfort & wast, & chaunge the melancholike humour: And he shall vse medicines yt glad, as Drascene, Dia∣borage, Leticia, Calingale, & other such, and he shal be annointed with hot oint∣ments that comfort.

*Euerie third day, that is to say, two dayes whole, & one sicke, & ther may be a double Quarten. This commeth of melancholy, or of cholora adusted, who that hath this disease with the blacke launders, shall hardly be cured: vse to purge as aforesaid.