Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.
Page  97

¶Of corrupt spettle and blou∣die. Cap. 30.

*ALso about the spettle commeth passi∣ons, as it fareth in Empticis, in whom the spettle is quitterie & venemous, and also in Emptoicis, in whom the spettle is bloudie. Emptisna is a passion when men spit quitter, and this passion is in reumatike causes, and in them that haue postumes vpon the ribbes inward, and in the lunges, and in other postumes of the stomacke, and of the breast, and of the lunges. This euill commeth in this manner wise: while some humour drop∣peth from the ouer parts into the lungs. the lunges be smit and beate, and of the beating the lunges are defiled, and of the defiling bréedeth quitter, or whelkes, and botches bréede in the lunges, or humour commeth to some place and bréedeth a postume, and is there gathered and tur∣ned in quitter, and is afterward put out and boyded by strength of kinde, or by coughing & spitting of quitter. But eue∣ry man that spitteth quitter, shall not be called Empticus: for Pleuretici, yt haue a postume vpon the ribs inwarde, & ma∣ny other that spit quitter, be not Emtici: but they are Emtici that be corrupt with infection of the lungs, and with quittery disposition thereof. The tokens thereof be these: quitter spettle, leane bodyes, small neckes, cough, difficultie of breath∣ing, bolning of the face, and the round∣nesse of the eyen swelleth and aketh, E∣moptoici be they that spet quitter: and that commeth of the opening of some veyne, or of superfluitie of humours, and of fumositie thereof: by biting & gnaw∣ing of some veyne, and by passing heate: for heate openeth the poores, and bloud woseth and commeth out. And men say that it commeth out by Diabrosim, that is by sweating: and then the bloud that commeth out is cléere, and little, & pure, and without ache, and the breath séemeth hot: ofte the bloud commeth from other members, and turneth to the mouth, as from the braine, and then it is with red∣nesse of face and of veynes of the eyen: and manye times it commeth from the lunges, and then the bloud fometh with cough and trauaile, and ache in the right teate. And so of other members,* in the which Cholaricke bloud is put out and purged, nowe at the nose, nowe at the mouth, by vertue of kinde in diuers ac∣cidents. And so the first passion, that is quitterie spettle, shal be holpen with me∣dicines, that dissolue, mundifie, & cleanse, but beware that it turne not into Ti∣sike: for long Emptima after Fluresim, a postume vpon the ribbes within, fur∣neth into Tisike within fortie dayes, as Ipocras sayeth. And the seconde passion of Emoptoicis, shall be holpe with me∣dicines, that cleanse and constraine.

By a mans spettle,*are discerned the sundry infirmities of mans bodye: as if the spettle be white Viscus, the sickenesse commeth of fleame: if black lyke the colour of leade and clammie, the sickenesse commeth of melancholy: if the spettle be citrine, yeolowish, or glassie, then the sickenesse commeth of cholar: if tawney or a reddish mat∣terye coulour, the infirmitie commeth of bloud. The whitte spettle not knot∣tie, signifieth health. The foamie or froathie spettle, a rawe stomacke.

The gleerie spettle lyke cleere horne, slacke, rawe and slowe of digestion. Vide in Viatico, & in Plato.