Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of head ache, and of the causes & signes there∣of. Cap. 2.

* SOmewhat shall be sayde of the properties of these euills and sick∣nesses, of the causes thereof, of the ef∣fectes and doing, signes and tokens, and of remedies of them: not of all, but onelye of those that holye Writ maketh generallye minde of. Therefore héere is no charge of the order of processe.

Then first we shall beginne of the pas∣sione of the head. Esay p. Euerich a∣king head, &c.*The whole head is sick, and the whole heart is heauie, from the soale of the foote, vnto the head, there is nothing whole therein, but woundes and swelling, and sores full of corruption: They haue not bene wrapped, nor bounde vp, nor fastened with oyle.

Constantine sayth, that head ache, is named Cephitica, and commeth in two manners, either of things that be with∣out, as of smiting: or of hotte ayre, that departeth, and dissolueth: or els of colde ayre, that constrayneth. In the se∣conde manner, head ache commeth of some cause that is within, and that ey∣ther of some priuate cause, that com∣meth not but of the head, or some of far∣ther cause, as of the stomacke. And if the ache commeth of a priuate cause, eyther of the faulte of the onely qualy∣tie, namely of coldnesse, or of heate, or els of vice of humours, as of bloud, of fleame, of Cholera, or Melancholia.

*And if this ache commeth and goeth, it is a token and signe that it commeth of the stomacke. Therefore Galen sayeth, if ache be in the head, and commeth of no cause that is without, then sharpe humoures grieue the stomacke, and if the ache be continuall, it commeth of hu∣mours, and if it come of bleud, the head is hotte, and the forhead heauie. For the sorther parte of the head is the siege and seate of bloud, the eyen come reide, and the veynes of the face be full. And if it commeth of fumosities of Cholera, heate is felte in the nosethrilles, and drynesse in the tongue, waking and thirst lacketh not. Ache is more felte in the right side than in the lefte side, for there is the place of Cholera, the face & eyen be citrine, and the mouth is bitter.* If it come of Melancholia, the ache is more on the lefte side then in the right side, with colde and waking and heaui∣nès, and the face is of earthly colour and hiewe, the eyen be hollowe, with blea∣rinesse, and sowrenesse of the mouth.

If it comieth of fleame, there follow∣eth ache that grieueth. Superfluities come out of the nose and at the mouth, and sometime with cough and beanye sighings and groanings: the face is pale, and somewhat swollen, the eyen are bleared, the mouth is wearish and vnsauorye: and the ache more in the hinder part of the head, for there is the place of fleame, and commeth ofte of fleame in winter in olde men, and com∣meth neuer by it selfe, but of some other euill, that commeth before.

For in some euills féeding fleame is rauished to the braine, by working of heate of feauers, that maketh it smooth, and is gathered in the hinder cell, be∣cause of lykenesse, and bréedeth a Po∣stume: the signes thereof are continu∣all Feuers, vryne discouloured, and the sayd oppressing and wringing of the eyen, and false sléepe: and if the sicke man bée called, vnneth he aunswereth. Therefore in Libro Institutionum Ga∣len sayeth, That it néedeth to know, that the head is departed in thrée parts or in foure. For bloud hath masterie in the forhead, and Cholera in the right side,* and fleame in the nolle of the head.

Head ache commeth in this manner, and in many other, as of sharpnes & do∣ing of strong wine, ye smoke wherof pin∣cheth Page  87 and pricketh the small fells of the braine, and bréedeth great disease in the head. Huc vsque Constantinus.