Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of hoarcenesse. Cap. 27.

*HOarcenesse commeth of manye cau∣ses: for it commeth of drinesse or of moysture; or default of spirites of ver∣tue. Of drinesse in two manners: for dri∣nesse maketh the waye of ye voyce rough or straight: and of that roughnes com∣meth hoarcenesse & letting of the voyce. Also of drinesse commeth strayghtnes of pipes, and pressing of the lunges, and so followeth roughnesse, and hoarcenes, and letting of the voyce. Also of moysture in two manners, either of moysture con∣tained in the veynes, and namely in the bloud, or els of steame dropping from the ouer parts: for much bloud stretch∣eth ye veynes, & maketh ye waies straight, and so the voyce is let. And also steame dropping into the wosen & pipes of the lunges worketh the same lets: & so for default of spirite and vertue, the voyce is lette: as it is knowen by that, that the strengthe of the voyce, commeth of the spirite and vertue. Then if hoarcenesse commeth of drinesse, it is knowen by drye cough, that grieueth & letteth the spirit in ye wosen of ye voyce, or sometime it commeth vppon another sicknesse, and by compassion: and so there followeth another euill, whē it commeth of drinesse, that maketh the pipes of the lunges straight and drye, and grieueth and noyeth the spirite. Then bréedeth the cough of moysture, that droppeth out of ye braine In this manner breedeth cough, that letteth the voyce. Or els hoarcenes is knowen by pinching and pricking, as it were of thornes in the spiritual mem∣bers, and as it were in the smalnesse of the necke, and leannesse of all the body. And it is knowen that bloud is ye cause, by a cough that is some deale moyst, and by rednesse of the face, by swellyng of the veynes, and sweetenesse of ye mouth. We knowe that fleame is the cause by cough that is some deale moyst, and by vnsauerinesse of the mouth, and by plen∣tie of spittle. We know that default of spirite is the cause by féeblenesse & lean∣nesse of all the body, and by seauers that goeth before, or fasting, flxe, and all that maketh the bodye leane. Then if this hoarcenesse commeth of hot cause & drye, the patient shall abstaine and spare salt meates, colde, drye, seyed and rosted, and he shall vse temperately colde and moist, and meanely hotte. If this euill commeth of bloud, he shall bleede: and if it come of fleame, men shall giue him purgatious, and other medicines, shal be needefull in a colde cause. And if it come of default of spirites, it shall be holpe with resumptiues, and with conforta∣tiues. The same is the cure of hoarcenes and of cough Therof looke in Plato and in Constantine:

Hoarcenesse commeth of a great heate,*and a sodaine colde taken vpon the heate, or by ouer straining the voyce, by late drinking, and sitting vp; also of infection from the inner parts, and that is a signe of leprosie. The re∣medie is water of scabous, & of fe••ll, of hecris & buglosle, of each a quanti∣tie mixed, and thereto sugar canne: drinke sixe spoonefulls morning and euening.