Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the little childe. Ca. 5.

THe little childe is conceiued and bred of séedes that haue contrarye qualities: and the place of the male is in the right side, and of the female in the left side. And he is fed and nourished in the mothers wombe with bloud mēstru∣al. Of such vile matter and vnstable man taketh his nourishing and féeding from the beginning by working of kinde, and helping of the vertue of heate, stretching out all the members that be shaped lyt∣tle and little, and not all at once. Christ alone was all at once shaped, and distin∣guished in his mothers wombe, when he was conceiued therein as saith Austen. When the soule entereth, life is shed in therwith & féeling also, and the childe fée∣leth the clipping kindly of a small skin: & when that skin breaketh, the child mo∣ueth, & with that mouing, the mothers wombe is striken and grieued full sore. When kinde hath full wrought creati∣on and shaping of the childe, if hée be Page  [unnumbered] whole and sound, then the eight or ninth or tenth moneth, he forceth himselfe to come out of the wombe, and in the out-comming, he is beclipped with a skinne that is called ecun••na: and in his out going, the mothers wombe is tra∣uayled with full hard throwes and sore, and that happeneth if the childe bee too hastie outward. Then when he com∣meth out into the aire that is too hot or too colde, he is put to wretchednesse and to woe: that witnesseth openlye his kinde wretchedly crieng and wéeping. The childes flesh that is new borne, is tender, softe, quauie, and vnsad: there∣fore diuers remedies and foode be neces∣sarie to the childe, as saith Constantine li. 3. cap. 32. And he sayth, that children that be new borne shoulde be swathed in Roses pouned with salte, that theyr members may be comforted and deliue∣red, and cleansed of clammie moysture. Then the roofe of the mouth and gums, should be froted with once fingers wet in Honie, to cleanse and comfort the in∣ner part of the mouth, and also to excite and to kindle the childes appetite, with swéetenesse of the honie. And he should be ofte bathed and anoynted with Oleo Myrtino or Rosaceo, and all the lyms should be anoynted & rubbed with this Oyle, and namely the lyms of males, the which because of trauayle, ought to bee more hard and sad, than the lyms of fe∣males. And also it is néedfull, that they should be brought a sléepe in darke pla∣ces, till their sight be gathered and ioy∣ned: for a place that is too bright, depar∣teth and diuideth the sight, and hurteth the small eyen, that be yet full tender, & ofte maketh children to looke a squinte. And therefore they shuld not be brought nor layd into bright aire, least the spirite of sight be diuided and departed. And of all things it néedeth to beware of euill milke, and of corrupted nourishing and féeding, that the children be not fed ther∣with: for by vncleannesse of Nursses, & sucking of clammie milke lyke glewe, commeth full many sores and griefes, as whelkes, blaines, pimples in the mouth, spewing, feuers, cramp, the flixe, and such other. And if the childe be sicke, medi∣cines shall be giuen to the Nourse, and not to the childe, and she shall be ruled according to good dyet: so that the ver∣tue of the Nourse be in sléede, supplye, and fulfill the default of the childe, as saith Constantine there. For of good dis∣position of the milke commeth good dis∣position of the childe, and contrariwise.* For of corrupt milke of the Nurse, com∣meth vnkindly sores and griefes in the childes lyttle body: and that is by rea∣son of the tendernesse of the childes kind, and also for the easie changing of milke foode. And for tendernesse, the lymmes of the childe maye easelye and loo••e boowe and bende, and take diuers shapes, and therefore childrens members and lyms, be bound with lysts. other couenable bondes, that they be nt croo∣ked neither euill shapen. Séeke in the fifth booke of the nauell, there it is ex∣pounded more largely. Also for that chil∣dren take much foode, they néede to are much sléepe, that the naturall heate may be receiued into the inner parts, to make good digestion of their meate and drink. And therefore by exciting of kinde, nur∣ses haue a custome to rocke children in cradles, to comfort kinde heate, with ea∣sie and temperate mouing. And to bring the children softly and lyghtly on sléepe by resolutions and giuing againe of fu∣mosities in their braines. Also they vse lullings, and other cradle songs, to please the wits of the childe. Héereto Aristotle sayeth lib. 2. that a childe hath much braine, and full great in comparison to his body. Therefore the euer part of a child is greater and heauier than the ne∣ther: and therefore in the beginning of his walking, a childe créepeth on feete & handes, and then afterward, he reareth vp his body a lyttle: for the ouer parte minisheth, and wereth more lyght, and the nether parts were and become more heauye. Then the age of the first child∣hood that is within seauen yeare, end∣eth in the beginning of the second child∣hoode, that is betwéene seauen and fourtéene.