¶ Of the creation of the childe. Cap. 4.
ABout the begetting and generation of a childe, it néedeth to haue conena∣ble matter, and spéedefull place, and ser∣uice and working of kinde, that is to wit, heat, as the cause efficient working and doing, and spirite that giueth ver∣tue to the body•, and gouerneth and ru∣leth that vertue. The matter of the child is humour Seminalis, that is shedde, by working of generation, and commeth Page [unnumbered] of both the partes, of the father and the mother. First this matter is shed in the place of conceiuing abroad, and by the drawing of vertue of kinde, it is gathe∣red togethers in the cells of the mother. And is medled togethers by working of kinde heate. For if the digest bloud of the father and mother were not med∣led together, there might be no creation neither shaping of a child. For ye matter of bloud that commeth of the male is hot and thicke. And therefore for the greate thicknesse thereof it maye not spread it selfe abroad. And also for ye passing great heate, the matter of the childe should bée destroyed and wasted, but it receiued tē∣perance of the womans bloud, that hath contrarye qualities. This matter gathe∣red in the cell of the right side of the mo∣ther, falleth to a male kinde. And in the lefte side to the kinde of a woman a female. And this diuersitie falleth for mastery of heate in the right side rather then in the lefte, as sayth Galen. Con∣stantine, and Aristotle. liber. 15. If the vertue of the bloud of the Fathers side haue the masterie, the child is like to the Father, & so againeward. And if the ver∣tue be like strong in either of them, the childe is like both Father and Mother. This matter is fodde within by the ver∣tue of kinde heate, and is beclipped with a little skin, and ronleth as milke.* This skinne is the matter of Embrioms, that is the healing and the couering of the childe, and so the childe is layed therein in the mothers wombe. And this skin commeth out with the childe, when it is borne, when the stronges bée broke with the childe, with the which the childe is tied to the cells of the mother. And if it happe by any chaunce, that the skinne abide still in the wombe, after the childe is borne, then the woman is in perill. Then to the matter conceiued, and by vertue retentiue ioyned, kinde sendeth forth menstruall bloud, and by heate and humour of that bloud ye childe that is conceiued is fedde and nourished, with such a foment and nourishing the fielde of our generation & birth is moi∣sted and sprong. For as Galen and Con∣stantine say: When the séede ranled and cherneth as milke, when it is full of spi∣rit, and of kinde heate, it draweth to it selfe féeding and nourishing, and that is by veines and arteryes that bréede and spring of the substaunce of the séede, and bée ioyned to the menstruall bloud. And that is néedfull, that the matter of the childe haue nourishing and féeding that commeth thereto by veines and spirit, that commeth thereto by arteries & wo∣sen. By these two, that is to wit,* the matter seminall and humour of nourish∣ing and féeding, kind heate that is closed within, doth shape the members of the bodie of the childe, and that by might and vertue informatiue of shaping. For of the Essentia of the séede, it shapeth the braine, bones, griftles, fe••es, skinnes, sl∣newes, veines, and arteryes, wosen and pipes. And of menstruall bloud, kinde shapeth the liuer and al the fleshly mem∣bers, of the which the substaunce is bred and commeth of bloud. And first kinde shapeth the principall members, as the heart, the braine, and liuer, which are the foundation of the other members: and in beginning while these be a lumpe of bloud, they bée full nigh togethers, but afterward they be diuided and departed a fonder. Of these thrée foundations spring other thrée: Of the braine spring the sinews, and the marrow of the ridge bone: of the heart, arteryes, wosen and pipes, spring: and veines of the liuer. When these foundations be made, kind maketh and shapeth bones to kéepe and saue them. As the skull to kéepe & saue the braine, and defend it, and the ribbes of the breast to defend the heart, and the ribbe• of the side to defend the lider: and so of other. After these bréede and spring other members, later then these, as the hands a, féete, and such other. These bée not shapen all at once, but lyttle and lyttle one after another. The childe is bred and commeth forth in foure de∣grees: Thē first is when the séede is nigh as it wer milke: The second, when the seede is become into bloud, yet then is not the liuer nor the heart, nor the braine perfectly shaped, but they bée as a lumpe of bloud, and this degrée is cal∣led Fetus by Ipocras speach. The thirde Page 72 degree is, when the heart, braine, and li∣uer are shapen, and the other members vnshapely, and not diuided: The last de∣gree is, when all the members be like euen shaped: and this degree is called, Iasans of Ipocras, for now the bodye is made and shapen with members and lyins, and disposed to receiue the soule. Then it receiueth soule and life, and be∣ginneth to moue it selfe and sprall, and to put with feete and with handes, and if it be a female, it moueth in the lefte side, and if it be a male it moueth in the right side as saith Galen. In the degree of milke this matter is vii. dayes, in the degrée of bloud ix. dayes in the degrée of a lumpe of flesh xii. dayes, and in the fourth degrée before full persection xviii. dayes, whereof follow these verses: