Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of a seruaunt. Chap. 15.

A Seruant is called Seruus in Latine,* and hath that name of Seruare, to kéepe: for sometime prisoners were kept eyther to be beheaded, or to bée raunso∣med as sayth Isid. Or else they haue yt name of Seruire, to serue: for they bée put to vile seruice of office, that bée not couenable to Lords, nor for theyr chil∣dren. And Isidore sayth, That there bée thrée manner of seruants: some seruants be bond, and borne in bondage, and such haue manye paines by lawe, for they may not sell nor giue away theyr owne good and cattell, neither make contractes, neyther take office of dignitie, neyther beare witnes wtout leaue of their Lords. Wherefore though they be not in child∣hoode, they bée oft punished with paines of childhoode. Other seruauntes there bée that bée called Empticij, the which be∣ing taken with straungers and aliens, and with enimies, bée bought and solde, and held lowe vnder the yoake of thral∣dome. The third manner of seruaunts bée bounde fréelye by theyr owne good will, and serue for reward and for hire. And these commonly be called Famuli, and haue that name of Famulando, ser∣uing, as sayth Isidore. Wicked seruante haue many euill conditions, the which be rehearsed before in sactatu de An∣cilla.