Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of a male. Cap. 13.

A Male is called Masculus,* and Mas∣culus is the diminutiue of Mas, ma∣ris. And in all kinde of beasts the male hath the principate, touching the worthi∣nesse of sees, that is, distinction of male and female as saith Isidore. The male passeth the female in perfect complecti∣on, in working, in wit, in discretion, in might and in Lordship. In perfect complection, for in comparison the male is hotter and dryer, and the female the contrary.

In the male are vertues formall and shaping, and working, and in the female materiall suffering and passiue. There∣fore Aristotle li. 5. saith, that a man is as it were forme and shape, and a wo∣man is as it were patient and suffering. Also the male passeth in kinde working: for generally kinde working is stronger in the male than in the female, for in him is more vertue and strength, and therefore a man is called Vir in Latine, and hath that name of passiue strength, as saith Isidore, for the sinewes and brawnes of men be grounded in grea∣ter strength, and therefore they be apt to strong works & déeds: the bones of males be stronger, greater, harder & sadder in the ioyutes, and therefore they be kindly more strong for all manner of workes.

Also Constantine sayth, that in males the heartes be large and great, therefore they be able to receiue much plentie of spirites and of bloud: And therefore through the great abundaunce of spirits and hot bloud, a man is more hardy then a woman, for in her the cause is contra∣rie: And through strength of heate and vertue of drie complection, no man hash the passion menstruall as women haue. All superfluities that bée bread in mens bodyes, are eyther consumed by greate heate, or els turned into haire, or are voi∣ded by businesse and trauaile: Also the conditions of man and woman be diuers in discreation of wit: For in all kinde of beastes the male is more craftye and warye then the female, to voide and to scape ginnes and griefes, and other pe∣rills, as sayth Aristotle. li. 5. Therefore a man passeth a womā in reson & in sharp∣nes of wit & vnderstanding, as saith Au∣gustine. And by authoritie of the Apostle he setteth a man afore a woman in dig∣nitie and worthinesse of the Image and likenesse of God: And by reason of this dignitie a man passeth a woman in au∣thoritie and might of souerigntie. The authoritie of teching and souereignty is graunted to men & denied to women, as for custome & vsage 1. Cor. 6.* The Apo∣stle saith, I suffer not a woman to teach in the Church or congregation: For it is written: Under mans power thou shalt bée, and hée shall be thy Lord. Gen. 3.* Then men be more drie and hot then Page  75 women, more strong and mightie, more bolde and hardie, more wise and witty, more stedfast and stable, and loue wo∣men iealously. And also beastes fight for their wiues, as Aristotle saith, They be also more harder of body, more rough & htcie, and haue a more greater and gro∣ser voyce, and be more sterne and feare∣full of looking in all manner kinde of beasts except a owe, whose voyce is greater than the Bulles, as sayeth A∣ristotle. Also in euery kinde of beastes, the male hath mo téeth than the female, and néedeth more meate and féeding for the body, & that is for the great strength of heat yt hath ye masterie in males, that wasteth soone the moysture of meat and of drinke, as saith Aristotle lib. 3.