Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

Of the haire. chap. 65.

THe haire is called Pilus in Latine,* of Pellis the skinne, for the haire com∣meth out of the skinne as sayth Isidore. And the haire is bred and commeth out of a fumositie, hotte and drie as sayth Constantine. For when the subtil smoak commeth out of the powers, it is dryed with the aire without, and when the vt∣ter softe smoake commeth out, there is not dealed to giue it full passage. But the aire letteth the passage of this softe smoake, and dryeth it and tourneth it in to the kind of haire. The aire helpeth & highteth the body, as saith Const. li. 2.& vltimo. And liber. 3.Aristotle saith, that haire groweth not but in the bodyes of beasts, which gender and get beastes. And the haire is diuerse by diuersitie of skinne of the beastes, in the which it groweth as it is sayd, liber. 19. for beasts that haue greate skinnes, haue greate haire, and that is for the multitude and plentie of the earthly part, and also for widenesse of the veines and poores. And if the skinne be continued and thick, the haire is full thinne and small, for the straightnesse of the waies. And when the humour of fumositie that is in the skin drieth swiftly, there groweth not much haire nor long: And if that humour be great, thicke, and fat, the haire is then contrariwise. And therefore the hayre of mans head is full long, because that humour is fat of kinde, and drieth not so soone. And therfore men and women that dwell in moist countries, and haue moist complections, haue ••esh haire and softe, As men and women in Thracia.* And contrary wise,* men and women that dwell in hotte and drie Countryes,* haue hard haire and crispe.* And name∣ly Page  [unnumbered] if they haue complections according, for by heat there the haire is bent, riue∣led, and pinched, as it is sayde there. And the haire groweth crispe and comming out of the skinne: for it ccommeth out by two contrary wayes. For the earth∣ly parte of the hot, fumositie and drye, comming out of the skin moueth down∣ward: and the part hot and light, moo∣ueth vpward: and so the haire is bowed and bent, riueled, and pinched, and made crooked and crispe. And when beastes that haue haire waxe old, then the haire waxeth hard and more stiffe then they were before; as feathers of fowles waxe ••• in age, and that is for scarcitie of s•••durs. Also there it is sayde, That ••• man is gelded, there groweth the haires on him neuer after: and that ••• scarcitye of humour, and through iiition of heae and humour in the principall members. Item, sometime the haire chaungeth coulour, that is by reason of some cause without. For as it is sayd there. 〈…〉. Hot water maketh white haire, and colde water maketh blacke haire. And the cause is, for in hot water is more, spirit then in cold water. And therefore when the water heateth, thereof commeth whitenesse. As it fa∣••• in some. And this chaunge acciden∣tally of ye haire, is as wel of small haires of the body as of the head. But it com∣meth not alway of changing of hot wa∣ter or colde.