Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the marrowe. Cap. 58.

MEdulla* in Latin, is in English, ma∣rowe, and hath that name, for that it moysteth the bones, and it comforteth and tempreth the coldnesse of them, as sayth Isidore. Constantine saith, That the marrowe is in substaunce hot and moyst, and is bred into the hollownes of the bones, of ye most purest parts & vne∣tuous humours of nourishment. And so the marrow by the heate thereof, tempe∣reth and coldeth the bones, and with his moysture, moysteth the drynesse of the bones, and by his substantiall propertie if feedeth, nourisheth and saueth the ver∣tue of féeling: for the marrowe recey∣ueth of the brayne influence of spirites, & namely of the ridge boanes, the which marrowe is called Nucha among Phi∣sitians. And this marrowe by meake of certaine veynes, serueth those members, which are set beneath the necke, and gi∣ueth to them féeling and mouing, as saith Constantine. lib. 2.cap. 10. Also Isidore saith, that the marrow by ye sub∣tiltie and moyst vnctuositie thereof, wo∣seth and sweateth out at the beanes a lycour, which is thin, and by the Uene∣riall heate, this licour is resolued in the reynes of beastes, and bréedeth lyking of lone and of lust. Looke before in the Chapter of the reynes. And therefore beasts with bones full of marrow, haue great lyking in lust, as saith Varro. And beasts that haue sad bones and voyde of marrow, are seldome moued to bodelye lust as the Eliphant. Vàrro saith, That the marrowe followeth the kinde of the stone: for it waxeth when the Moone waxeth, and when the Moone waneth, it minisheth. And by priuie inspiries and sentings, it féeleth the vertue and the strength of the Moone, and followeth the Moone in waxing and minishing: as it fareth in beasts and in trées, which haue passing plentie of humours and of war∣row, in the full of the Moone, and great scarcitie thereof in the new of ye Moone. And therefore in the new of the Moone it is not good to grasse trées: for ye fruit shall be full of wormes, and lyghtly rot. Page  66 And this perchaunce happeneth by rea∣son of superfluous moisture, that the graffe then gratfed receiueth in the say: And the superfluitie thereof may not bee ruled, neither haue digestion of kinde. Therefore such humours sent to ye fruit is cause of bréeding of wormes, and of soone rotting. Also Aristotle, li. 12. sayth, that a beast which hath téeth in eyther sawe, hath the marrow like to fatnesse: And some beasts haue but little marow, as a Lyon which hath hard boanes and thicke, in whom is but little marrow, and some doe faine, that the Lyon hath no marrowe at all. Dioscorides sayth, That marrowe is full medicinable and also healthfull, and namely of foules and of wilde beasts For it healeth breaking out, stripping, chins, cliftes, and whelks of the lippes, and slaketh ache in sore eares: and maketh softe the hardnesse of kirnells: And healeth the blaines of the féete: and ass wageth smarting and sore∣nesse of the throate, and of the brestes. and teates. And it is a principall reme∣die for the Tisike and Etike: And it hath vertue of recouering. Therefore it re∣storeth to the members the humour that is lost.