Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the Thighes. Cap. 51.

THe thighes be called Femora in La∣tine,* for in that place of the bodye is distinction and difference betweene male and female: and the thighs stretch from the flanke and the chest, and from the buttockes downe to the knées. The thighes moue in ioynts: and the hollow parts of the sayd ioynts are called Ver∣tebra in latine, and Coxae, as it were ioyned to an Axell trée. The thighs bend inward and not outward, vnder, and not aboue, as the armes doe, and therefore some men call them Suffragines, as saith Isidore. The thighes be made & compo∣sed of great bones, as saith Constantine. li. 8. They be all hollow aboue, and bending afore, and haue two sharpnesses: the greatnesse is néedfull, either for that they be the foundation of the bones, or els for that they beare ye great brawnes and sinewes, by the which the féete are plyably moued. Also crookednesse and bending of the vtter parts is néedefull, that the brawnes and sinewes may haue place: for if they were within, they shuld be hurt and grieued. Also these same two bones be some deale rounde in the inner side, and that is néedfull: For if they were crooked onely on one side, then all the body should be crooked & vneuen. Also hollownesse is néedfull with the in∣ner bending and roundnes, that the pey∣ses thereof, may be the more stedfast. The hollownes is néedfull to haue some ente∣ring into the hollownes of ye legs Also ye thighs be couered & warded with flesh & with brawnes, that the bones may haue helpe and succour against outward hurts and griefes, and also to temper the cold∣nesse Page  [unnumbered] of the bones, Further they be •••t aboue, and small beneath: and thus is needfull, for they are meane betwéene: the ouer, partes and the neather. And there∣fore they must haue due proportion to euery part.

The thigh is the strongest part to the bodie,*vnto the which was assigned by God in Exodus, the. 28. chapter, That not only the vpper couering to the bo∣dye, but also thou shalt make them lin∣nen breeches to couer theyr priuities, from the loynes vnto the thighes shall they reach. It appeareth in those daies, no great choice of apparell, 1519. yeares before Christ, notwithstanding of so great antiquitie, is the making of ap∣parell, although Adam & Eues aprons were long before.