Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the genitalls. Cap. 49.

THe genitalls be the parts of the bo∣dy, that (as the name teacheth) haue vertue of gendring and getting of a childe,* as saith Isidore. Also for shame, these parts are called Pudenda, ye shame∣ly part: and therefore they be couered and hid, for that they haue not the same manner of fairenesse, as other members haue that be openly seene: and therfore they be counted vnhonest. Among the genitalls, one is called the pintle, Vere∣truth in latin: either because it is one∣lye mans member: or els for that it is a shamefast member, of Verecundo, or els for Virus Sperme commeth out thereof. For properly to speake, the humour that cōmeth out of mankind is called Virus, as saith Isidore. And other members be ground & fundament of ye vertue of gen∣dring, as ye ballock stones, that are called Tefticuli in Latine, the diminutiue of Testis witnesse: their number begin of two, without witnesse of which two stones, no man is perfect. These stones serue the pipe & giue it séede, & they take the séede of the marrowe of the ridge bone and of the reynes, to the acte of gen∣dring or begettiug. Huc vsque Isidorus. Constantine saith, that the substance of these stones, is made of vddry and crud∣dic flesh, white, soft and not full sad and hard and that is for kéeping and sauing of heate: and for changing of bloud into whitenes, which is done by strōg heat, in their substance that séetheth the bloud, & turneth and maketh it while. And these stones be called principall members, for they be the proper instruments of princi∣pall working of the kinde vertue of gen∣dering. And if they be cut off, meanelye strength passeth, and the male complecti∣on chaungeth into the female complecti∣on. And therefore li. 3.Aristotle saith, yt if men be gelded Ante pollutionē in somno, thereafter groweth no haire in ye body. And if they be gelded Post polu∣tionem, then except ye haire of the brest, all the haire of the body falleth away & becommeth as it were a woman softe & féeble of heart and of bodye. Therefore li. 8. Aristotle sayth, That the voyce of men when they be gelded, chaungeth, and be as the voyce of women: and al∣so the figure and shape of them chaun∣geth. And when beastes are gelded in youth they ware great and large: and if they be gelded after perfection, then then they encrease not. Also if Hartes bée gelded after perfection, they encrease not. Also if Hartes be gelded or theyr hornes growe, their hornes shall neuer growe:* and if they be gelded after that theyr hornes are growen, then the hornes grow no more, and such Hartes chaunge not, neither cast not theyr hornes, as other doe that be not gelded. Also there it is sayde, that if Calues bée not gelded soone after one yeare they shal be lyttle: and he saith, that when they be gelded, the rootes of the sinewes and strings are drawen out. And if there bréedeth a postume in the place of the wound, men shall burn one of the stones that is cutte off, and laye the ashes to the postume. Also some beastes bée gelded onelye for the gendring stones. as Castors and Bausons: which when the hunters pursewe them, they bite off their owne stones with their teeth, be∣cause the hunters shoulde pursewe them no more. And he sayth, that the males of the wylde Asses gelde with theyr to the their Coltes and bite off theyr stones: but the females beware, and hide the Coltes from the males, that they be not gelded. Also lib. 16. it is sayd, that the stones of Fowles be small after the time that is ordeained to them to gen∣der by kinde, insomuch that then they appeare not: but then they growe full fast, when the time of loue draweth on, Then the priuie stones with other meē∣bers that serue the priuie stones be the head and well of the humour seminall, and first foundation radicall thereof.

For as Constantine sayeth, The kindly getting and gendering of beasts Page  62 God hath ordained and made couenable members, in the which he hath sette the cause and the matter of generation: the which may not come forth indéede, and take effect, without affection of loue. In the members genitall God hath sowen such an appetite inseperable, that euery beast should be stirred and comforted to conserue and multiply beasts of his own kinde: and that is done by mouing of God, least that the gendring together be∣ing abhorred, the generation of beastes should be lost. And to fulfill such gene∣ration, it néedeth that two beastes come togethers, male and female, of the séede of them euery beast is increased: so that in one of them that is the female, is as if were the cause materiall and suffera∣ble, and in the male is the cause formall, and principall working. Therefore lib.5. Aristotle sayth, that the generation of beasts hath double cause, that is to wit, male and female. Of the male commeth cause of mouing and of shape: The fe∣male is as it were the matter: Of the commition of both, commeth the crea∣ture, &c. Then God ordayneth the mem∣bers of them that gender, that the one should giue the matter seminall, and the other should receiue it. And God that is most wise, maketh these members to their working, so that they may not be better neither more perfect, as saith Con∣stantine. But truly manye misuse these members, that vse them not to ye fruite of generation, but rather against the or∣der of reason, and lawe of kinde, not to get children, but to foule first, and filthye liking of lechery. And therefore I lette this matter passe with silence, Ne forte spermatis explanando originem, pro∣gressum vel finem videar carnalibus occasionem cogitandi cornalia exhibe∣re. Of this one thing I warne all folke. that no man suppose, neither take on him to misuse the office of the foresayde members by lewd lyuing. For whosoe∣uer he be, that sapeth with the genitall members, and wilfullye vseth them in fleshly lyking, otherwise then is graun∣ted by lawfull gene∣ration of children, he looseth God the Father and beginner of kinde: and he shall haue no place a∣mong the children of blisse, in the gene∣ration of righteous men, except that hée doe worthelye repent and amende. For misuse of generation offendeth and doth wrong to the Father of yght, and is worthye great payne and punishment: and besides that, it resisteth grace, and woundeth kinde, and leeseth company of Angells, and winneth the paine of hell, and blemisheth fame, and wasteth sub∣staunce, and is spoyle of endlesse blisse, as saith Saint Ambrose.

Carnall lust is lyke vnto the Horse∣leach,*whose propertie is, once tasting of bloud that seemeth pleasaunt, cea∣seth not drawing of the same vntill he burst: euen so, an vnbrideled will, flesh∣ly giuen, continueth so long in whole∣dome and vncleannesse, vntill the pa∣trimony be diminished, the bodie con∣sumed, and the soule confounded. It tourneth prosperitie into beggerye, health into sicknesse, the soule into sinne: to the bodies couering, the Le∣prosie, Podegra, the Poxe: in steade of Hauke, Hound and game, the canker, woolfe, nittes and lyceum steede of re∣nowme, shame of bodely seeing, griefe of conscience, and contempt of lyfe.

Therefore, let the vnsatiable minded know, that with the nat they flye in securitie for a while, by the lyght of fire vntill the flame being touched, and then sodainly is espyed the force ther∣of. The loue of the world consist in these. 3. things, The lust of the flesh, The lust of the eyes, The pride of life: but as the sweet smell of a perfume, la∣steth but a while, euen so good coun∣saile taketh small roote to conuert the wicked. Propertius. Scilicet in insano nemo in amore videt, to liue in immo∣dest loue, is to be aliue in another bo∣dy, and dead in their owne. The adul∣terous fornicators seeke to see signes and tokens, they shal perish, & their po∣steritie shall bee rooted out at the last, and their portion is prepared with the Diuell and his Angells.