Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the Bladder. Cap. 44.

THe bladder is called Vesica in La∣tine,* and hath that name for taking and receiuing of winde, as sayeth Isi∣dore: for by drawing and receiuing of wind, the bladder openeth and spredeth: as contrariwise by sending out of winde it closeth and goeth togethers. And is cal∣led Vesicula in Latine as it were the diminutiue of Vesica, and it hangeth as it were a birds croppe vnder the throte, lyke a purse, in the which the first meat of the foule is receiued, and kept therein to the second digestion, that shalbe made in the guysarne or mawe: and the meat is kept in that croppe, as it were in a proper spense and sellar against hunger that may come. But as we speake heere (as Constantine sayeth) The Bladder is a cauie skinne, and rounde, and hollow as a sacke, close on euery side, ex∣cept the ouermouth alone, and the sub∣stance thereof is hard, that it be not gre∣ued by biting and sharpnesse of the U∣rine, the which is receiued & taken ther∣in: and it is close in euery side downe∣ward, that the lycour that is drawen in, be not sodainly put out, and vnuolunta∣rily, and so the vrine goth in by an hole, and out by the same, as it is shewed in Anathomia. Also the bladder is round, to open and spred as the cleansing and purging of bloud wareth more, and to be the more able to receiue the pourging & clensing, yt is vrine. Also li. 13. Ar. saith, that euery beast that hath lungs thirst∣eth much, & for him néedeth moyst meat more than drye: and therfore ye bladder is néedfull to receiue the moysture of such superfluitie. Also he saith, that no beast with feathers, with scales, with rindes, neither with shells, hath bladder, except the Lortell of the sea and of the land. For in such beastes the superfluitie passeth into féeding of fethers, scales, and such lyke. Also li. 3. he saith, that euerye beast that gendereth hath a bladder, and those which laye egges haue none: ex∣cept the kinde of Eutes: and moysture commeth net out of the bladders of dead bodyes. In one manner, drye superflu∣itie is gendred in the bladder, and there∣of commeth the stone. Also li. 6. he saith, That in euery beast without a bladder is easie out passing of durt, and of super∣fluitie of moysture.

The bladder,*receiueth the vrine di∣stilled from the lyuer & the reynes of the backe, by the powers named Vriti∣des or Vrichides, the bladder may haue many impediments, as scabbes, vscerati∣ons, inflamations, and also a quaking debilitie, that such a diseased cannot hold his water.