Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the Chin. Cap. 18.

*THE Chinne is called as if were the foundation of the iawes, for that they spring and grow of the chin, as Isidore saith. The shinne hath two boanes, as Const. saith, and these said bones be ioy∣ned togethers in the middle, where the small téeth are pight, that be Quadrupli and Pares, and the endes of these bories be departed, and haue two forkes or twists: that one is sharp, and the sharp∣nesse thereof is pight therein as a man∣ner bonde, which bonde stretcheth from the side of the temples: and therby ope∣neth and closeth the other forke is great and rounde, by the roundnesse whereof the chin is soft as saith Const. For this member is néedfull for the spring of the iawes, and for the fastening of the nea∣ther téeth, & for kindly or spéedie closing and opening of aire: and is also coue∣nable for the complection of the face, and for the perfect finishing of the face. And if the chinne be proportionate to the forhead, it maketh faire and séemely all the face. All this saith Const. In the chin of a beast is the most strength for the hardnesse of the bone, and for ye hard compaction of the sinewes, and for strong rooting of the téeth. And therefore beasts suffer not lightly to be handeled by the chinne: For if their chinne be broke, all theyr cruelnesse and fircenesse faileth, as their weapon were lost. As it is written 1. Regum. cha. 17.*Dauid brake ye beares chin, and deliuered the shéepe out of his mouth &c. By touching the chin of a man is token of loue and of trust. 2. Reg. 16. Ioab held the thin of Amasa, as though he would kisse him, &c.