Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the Cheekes. cap. 14.

*THe Chéekes be the neather partes of the eyen, wherof beginneth yt beard, as saith Isidore li. 11. cap. 2. For Genos in Gréeke, is Barba in Latine, in Eng∣lish a beard. The same parts are called Maxilla in Latine*, & haue that name of Malis, per diminutionem. Male be called high, and are partes set vnder the eyen, for defence of the eyen: and be cal∣led Male, either for that they wer round vpward to the eyen, which the Greekes call Mala, or els because they be aboue Maxillas, the chéekes: and so Maxilla is the Diminutiue of Male, as Praxil∣lus is the Diminutiue of Palo, as sayth Isidore. It requireth heedfulnesse,*to vnderstande of Malae, Malae is the leure or space of the face, which is close to both sides the nose, from the roofe of the mouth, vnto the eye browes. Constantine saith, that ye chéeks be made and compounde within, of si∣newes and of bones. And the bones ther∣of be ioyned to the braine pan, yt which be therfore compound and made of ma∣nye diuers péeces, least if one haue anye hurt, the other should be grieued. And outwardly they be hot and fleshie, to tē∣per and asswage the colde of the bones, and of the gristles of the eares and of the nosethrills: and also to serue and succour by their heate the limmes of fée∣lyng that be all about them. And ther∣fore the chéekes be set vnder the eyen, to defend and saue them. They be set in the middle of the senses, for seruice of foode. They be hot and fleshie, to slake the colde lymmes of féelyng. They bée white and red to hight the face, & make chéere. The most fairenesse in man is in the chéekes, as saith Constantine, & in the chéekes the complection of man is most knowen. For if they bée much reddie, & medled with temperate white∣nesse,* and not fat in substance, but mean∣lye fleshie, they betoken hotte and moyst complection, and temperatenesse thereof. But if they be of white colour, without meddelyng of rednesse,* and in substaunce fat, and softe, and quauing: they betoken excesse of superfluitie of colde and moysture. And if they bée browne in colour,* either citrine or peo∣low, and thinne and leane in substance, they betoken mastery of too gret drought and heate, as it fareth in cholaricke folkes. And if they be as it were wan and in colour blewish,* and of lyttle flesh in substaunce, they betoken excesse and superfluitie of colde and drinesse: as it Page  43 fareth in them that be melancholy. And the cheekes shewe not onely the diuersi∣tie of complection, but also the qualytie of affection and will of the heart. For after the affections of the heart, by so∣daine feare, either ioye, they were so∣daynly pale or red. This saith Constan∣tine.