Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of Cholar. Cap. 10.

ISidore saith, that Cholera is sayde, for that that in a cholarick humor, Calor, that is the heate, passeth tempe∣rance. Some Cholera is kindly. & some vnkindly. Naturall cholar is kindly hot & drye, subtill in substaunce, cléere & red in color. & bitter in sauor, with a certain sharpnesse: the which the more hotter it is, the redder it is in colour, and ye more bitter: the which when it is dealed in two parts, of the which one passeth forth with the bloud, and the other is sent vn∣to the chest of the gall. That that goeth with the bloud, entermixeth with the bloud, because of necessitie and helpe. For it is needful, that it be mingled with the bloud, to make it tēper & feede ye cho∣larick members for in ye bloud it needeth yt there be red Cholera indéede, after the due proportion of thse members. Also, Cholera helpeth and maketh the bloud subtill, that it may passe he more lyght∣ly by straight wayes, to fade the inner parts of the body. That other parte of Cholera, is drawen to the Sybet of the gall, and is sent thereto because of neede and of helpe, for that is néedfull for clen∣sing of all the bodye, and feeding of the gall, and also to helpe the stomacke, and to heate the bowells, and to pricke them that they may discharge them of super∣fluities. Therefore of it falleth gnaw∣ing and passion Coli••: for the waye is stopped, that is betwéene the gall and bowels. Unkindly cholar is it that com∣meth of strong humours medled there∣with. For if redde Cholera be mingled with watrie fleame, then is bred Cit∣na cholera, that is lesse ht & more noy∣full then other Cholars: & if the fleame be more great and thicke, then is bread red and yeolow cholar. These two man∣ner of Cholers be notable. The thirde manner Cholera is called Prassiua,* and is gréene of colour, bitter and sharpe, as an hearbe that is named Marubium,* or Porrus in Latine: and that manner Cholera is bred in the stomacke of thē, that vse continually to rate hot hearts, as léekes, onyons, garlyke, and of such Page  [unnumbered] kinde. And if it happen that cholar ta∣keth strength of such greene hearbs and rawe in colour, and so it seemed to Ga∣len. Auicen noteth, that Praxina is gē∣dred of a yeolow cholar, when it is ouer∣burnt, for when it is burned, burning bréedeth blacknesse therein, by which blacknesse medled with citrine, gréene colour is gendred. The fourth manner of Cholera is called Erugmosa, rastie, that is bred of Cholera, that is named, Prassina by more burning: for when it is so burnt, that the moysture thereof is dryed, then it draweth the whitenes of ashen colour. For in a moyst bodye, heate bréedeth first blacknesse: and then when the moysture is all destroyed, it bréedeth a manner of whitenesse, as it fareth in trées and wood, that by burning first turne into coales, and then into ash∣es. But colde contrariwise, in a moyst body bréedeth whitenesse, and in a drye body blacknesse: but this last manner of choler, is worse & more venemous than all the other. The venemous qualytie whereof, bréedeth in the body euill passi∣ons of pestilence and of death, as Herisi∣pila, & Noli me tangere, &c. Then this kindly Cholera if it passe not ye bounds of kinde, it maketh other humours sub∣till, and comforteth digestion, and clean∣seth congealings and corruption, & ma∣keth the body stretch in length, breadth, and thicknesse, and bréedeth boldnes and hardinesse, mouing and lyghtnesse, & stir∣reth to wrath and desire of reuenge: and also prouoketh to ye works of Venus, & helpeth the vertue expulsiue, and cléereth thicke matter, and maketh it to mooue from the middle to the vtter parts, and chaungeth the vtter partes, in cou∣lour of citrine and blacke. And so cho∣laricke men be generally wrathful, har∣die and vnméeke, light, vnstable, vnmer∣cifull: in the body long, slender, & leane: in colour brown, in haire black & crispe, hard and stiffe, in touch hotte, in pulse, strong and swifte, the vryne of them is thin in substaunce and subtill, in colour, faire, shining and cléere. If this cholar be corrupt in anye parte of the bodye, it bréedeth euill passions in the bodye. Of the which passions, these are the generall signes and tokens, as Con∣stantine sayeth in Pantegni. liber. 9. ca. 2. If corrupt cholar haue masterie in the body, the skinne is yeolowe, either citrine, and also there is a default in the vertue of appetite, bitternesse is felt in the mouth, so that swéete things seeme bitter, and sauouey, vnsauoury. There is pricking and burning in the stomack of a hot fume, that puncheth and nip∣peth the sinewes of the stomacke, loa∣thing with cholarick spuing, with thirst and drinesse of the tongue. The same hot smoake dryeth the wosen that is called Trahea, and that humour of spit∣tle, aboute the sinnewes of the tongue.

There is also hollownesse of eyen, with moyst respect, the pulse is subtill, swifte and thicke: red vrine and high of colour, sore head ach, waking, chang∣ing of minde, fearefull sights in sléepe: For such men dreame of fire, and of lyghtening, and of dreadfull burning of the ayre, which is caused of fierye smoake, that chaungeth stronglye the brayne and the vertue imaginatiue. And this that is spoken of cholar, and of the spices thereof sufficeth.