Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the vertue Animall. Cap. 16.

Page  [unnumbered]THe vertue that is called Virtus a∣nimalis, hath seate and place in the ouermost part of a man, that is to wit, in the brayne, and hath thrée parts. Or∣dinatiua, sensitiua, & motiua. That part that is named Ordinatiua, fulfilleth the brayne by it selfe alone. For in the first part in the formost chamber it ordeineth the fantasie or imagination: in the mid∣dle chamber it ordaineth the vertue esti∣matiue and reason. And againe in the vttermost chamber, it maketh perfect the memorie, and the memoriall asse: For what the vertue imaginatiue shapeth & imagineth, she sendeth it to the iudge∣ment of reason. And what that reason faketh of the imagination, as a Iudge, iudgeth & defineth it sending to the me∣mory: ye memory receiueth those things that were put in the intelled or vnder∣standing, & kéepeth & saueth the stedfast∣ly, til shée bring them foorth in act and in déede. The second vertue that is Sensi∣tiua, is formed in this manner. By meane of sinewes that be very tender, the spirite Animalis passeth forth out of the innermost chambers of the braine, of whom the sense is formed, and some be sent with the spirite Animalis to the eyen, to quicken the sight, and some to the nosethrilles to increase the smelling, and so of the other. Of the wittes, the sight is most subtill, for the kinde there∣of is firic. The hearing hath much of the ayre, for it is a sound of ye aire, stri∣ken, & then the more subtill is the smel∣ling, for the kinde thereof is smoakie. Then ye taast, the kinde thereof is wa∣try. And the last & most boystous of all, that is the seelyng: for the kinde there∣of is earthie, and is néedful to féele hard things, as bones and sinewes, rough and smooth, colde and hot. Of these senses, euery one hath his office, to haue ye like∣nesse and shape of the obiects: and what they take of that they féele, they present to the inwits. TREVISA. The obiect of the eye, is all that maye bée séene: and all that may be heard is ob∣iect to the hearing: and all that maye be smelled is obiecte to the smelling, and so of the other senses.