Batman vppon Bartholome his booke De proprietatibus rerum, newly corrected, enlarged and amended: with such additions as are requisite, vnto euery seuerall booke: taken foorth of the most approued authors, the like heretofore not translated in English. Profitable for all estates, as well for the benefite of the mind as the bodie. 1582.
Bartholomaeus, Anglicus, 13th cent., Trevisa, John, d. 1402., Batman, Stephen, d. 1584.

¶Of the order of Potesta∣tes. Cap. 14.

THe sixt order is the order of Pote∣states, & they are called Potestates, as Isidore saith, for the euill Angells be subiect to them. And they haue ye name of Potestates, for by their might, the euill spirites be restrained, that they doe not so much harme as they would. Gre∣gory saith, That the office of these An∣gells is to comfort them that trauayle and fight in ghostly battayle, and to de∣fende them, that they be not vyolently ouercome of their enimies, and to helpe mightely that good men haue the victory. Héerto Denis accordeth and saith, That the seruice of Potestates is to kéepe wa∣relye, that no wicked thing grieue, nei∣ther annoye good men.

And Gregorye sayeth, That Pote∣states in their Order, perceiue more mightely, that euill spirites are sub∣iect to their disposition, the which be re∣strained by Potestates, that they grieue not men so much as they would.

Of this Potencial vertue, Denys saith. This holy Potestates haue equal might with Dominations, and receyue and kéepe méekely the same diuine giftes in theyr degrée without confusion. For they tyrannouslye commaunde nothing contrary to the lower: they assay to do nothing by vyolence and force: but cal∣leth ordinately the lower Angells to the lykenesse of GOD. And ceasse not o bring thē, Ad Potentificam & causalem potenciam, that is to God, that may all thing, and is cause of all thing intellec∣tually, farre passing worldly dooing. So that by these properties of the lykenesse of God, the middle dispositions of the supernall knowledge, may be illumined and beautified, pourged and made per∣fect.

Also as these Potestates are tourned to the lykenesse of God by meane of the higher Angelles: so by theyr meane the neather Angells are brought also to the lykenesse of God. So that all the orders, highest, middlemost, and lowest, be made partakers of darke and mysticall purga∣tions, illuminations, shinings, and per∣fections.