A discourse of military discipline devided into three boockes, declaringe the partes and sufficiencie ordained in a private souldier, and in each officer; servinge in the infantery, till the election and office of the captaine generall; and the laste booke treatinge of fire-wourckes of rare executiones by sea and lande, as alsoe of firtifasions [sic]. Composed by Captaine Gerat Barry Irish.
Barry, Gerat.

THE FOURTHE CHAP.

WHen occasion is offered that a smale or greate number of Souldieres are besiedged in a citti towne forte or ca∣stell, where they are apointed by theyre Kinge or Ge∣nerall for to defende the same, like faithfull and true subjectes, where rather they shoulde dye honorably in defence of the same then yealdeth it, excepte greate extreamitie, and goode reasones, constraine them therunto, and makinge notoriouse there prudence, valoure, and fidelitie; And if it shoulde chance to fall oute theyre comaunder or governoure of such a place trough a covardelie minde, or by meanes of sellinge the same for money to the enemy, and findinge that he shoulde presume to yealde the same to the enemy, litle regardinge his Prince is service, nor his owne repu∣tation, and knowinge that such a place mighte be defended; They all with a brave resolution are to comforte the comaunder, presentinge theyre reasones that suche a place may be well defended, and at lēgh∣te, findinge his minde yealde to the base acte, and seinge that rea∣sones can persuade not a vayle. They are with a brave and resolute determinotion to say that to honoure theyre Prince, and mantaine theyre one reputation, that like unto faithfull subjectes and honora∣ble Souldieres they rather chouse to dye in defence of the place, then yealde the same, till they knowe the will of theyre generall; And if the Generall finde no oportunitie to advertice them with answer, or in Page  159 soucorringe them; They are withe a brave and noble determinasion to proteste to die in defence of the same, with aresolute minde then yealde the same covardly, estiminge but litle the honoure of theire prince and their one reputasion, and findinge that the Governor of that place will not agrie but still goe forwarde in his base minde they may lawfully aprehende him, and electe another in his place, to whome they oughte to obey and respecte as if he were elected by the kinge or generall, protestinge to fulfill with him as a superior, and for the better performance therof to putt all theire conclusiones in wri∣thinge; soe that the enemy beinge informed of their valerouse de∣termination brave spirites and fidelitie, they shal hardlie fall uppon them, but uppon greate and extraordinary advantadge, seinge that they are resolved rather to die in defence of theire honoure and re∣putasion then to yealde or hasarde their fame in rinderinge the same to the handes of theire enemy, whiche may use there one discression in a matter of so heavie importance, in eyther gaininge honoure or disgrace, so considerenge the diferince betwext thies two pointes in the noble profession of armes, better and more honorable it is to die in defence of a iuste and honorable cause, and perpetuate thee fa∣me to all posteritie, then yealde to any lowe or base imagination.

When an army doe inter into a foraine country and determineth to remaine theire that winter, and conquest the same, firste he is to fortifie him selfe, or com in pocession of stronge places if it mighte by posible: Secondlie to gather all the corne cattell wine bire and all other sorte of vituales necessarie for the manteinance of his army: Soe that his may not wante, and that his enemy may by driven unto greate extreamitie (and that trough meere extremitie they may co∣me to offer them selves to serve as faithfull subiectes) so that of ma∣teres whiche bienge prudently and diligentely manadged doe often times resulte prosperouse and goode successes: A necessarie thinge in warr that the souldiores of eache army doe carrie theire device and token wherby they may by knowen by theire owne as frendes, ra∣ther then to fall uppon as if it were an enemy not knowinge them as it may well fall oute.

When a generall of an army doth inter to conqueste a kingdom the provinces or places trough which he marcheth, he is to take care to leave them well fortified and sure, with goode and stronge gariso∣nes that his soucors munitiones and convoyes, may with the better securitie pass and repass, for cause that importeh muche for the bet∣ter Page  160 securitie and goode success of his jurney and pretended purpose: And if by chance in suche places his convoyes by beaten or broken, as it may well fall oute, he may retire to the nexte adjoninge forte ca∣stell or towne, for his securitie, and soe shall all sorte of trade, mar∣chandise, munitiones, and traficke freely pass from place to place, conducted with stronge and vigilante convoyes both foote and hor∣se. Suche persones as shall by chosen to recnoledge citties townes, fortes castelles, theyre fossose and walles, and the places easieste to by won, as alsoe to recnoledge the place more conveniente to cutt trin∣ches. Thies persones oughte to be chosen of men of longe experien∣ce in warr, as well in the Theorick and practice of the same, ingeni∣ouse and of a grtate spirite, of a setled minde to houlde and take no∣tice of whate he seeth, the perill and danger of the matter, the neces∣sarie preventiones for the same in as much as may be possible in ta∣kinge advantadge of the enemy; Some that are employed in thies o∣casiones doe carie armes of proofe and targetes, otheres do onelie carie targetes, whiche i thincke is inoughe, by reason of the greate weighte of both, such men are to arme them selves with a setled min∣de, not fearefull but of a brave spirit scilente and patiente, for other∣wise hardly can they bringe to perfection theyre purpose, nor give a goode relation of whate is recomended to their chardge whiche by experience is often tried in the ocurrantes of warr.

When ocasion shall offer to give an escalada to a towne citti or forte it is necessarie it by at nighte alitle before day, and in an obscu∣re nighte alitle before day, and that to be verie scilent and secretly, and with greate expedition to execute his purpose, but firste and be∣fore hande oughte to be taken the heighte of the wall and place of youre execution, that the laderes may juste conforme with the place and that it be nothing higher for bienge dangerouse, for the parte within discoveringe him, with litle paines may turne the ladder and hinder the execution pretended, and the ladder oughte not to be soe shorte but it may come within two foote to the upper patre of the wall, or juste to the same litle more or less; for otherwise time and ocasion may be loste, and the firste that are to by chosen for suche ex∣ploites are to be pikmen and chosen of persones of brave spirites and valerouse determinationes to intertaine the place with theire pikes till the shott do inter; and as the pikes do inter they are to turne theire faces towarde both sides of the wall to kepe of the furie of the enemy till the shot do inter; And then the leader is to marche forwar∣de Page  161 in goode order till he come to the beste poste of the enemy, and moste fitt for his purpose, with a troupe of chosen and resolute mus∣kettieres in the uangarde who dischardginge that value giueth greate terror to the enemy, and let them make theire rekoninge before han∣de that theire is no turninge bake, but with a brave resolution step forwarde with a ualerouse determination, otherwise athousand to one they are loste, for suche and semblable executiones is required prudente and brave conductores of tried ualoure and resolusion.

Nexte under god, true religion and pure concience, there is no∣thinge to be so highlie esteemed and comended in the profession of armes as obedience, acompanied with goode discipline and exam∣ples, for otherwise all other goode partes in him are to litle purpose and of litle estimasion, yea and of what sover qualitie or condision he be of, from a private souldier to a Master de Campe generall; al∣waies the lower is to respecte the higher in degree (for the prospe∣rouse succeses of warlike afaires.) And it is moste necessarie that tho∣se who doth militate in the same doe serve withe agoode, will cencer∣ly and faith fully, sheowinge them selves louinge and loyall, in all ocasiones to theire Prince, and Generall, whiche they are to sheowe by testimony of goode examples, soe they shall be beloved and gaine goode fame, and by all likhoode shall have goode successes▪ And ma∣ny souldiores who bienge assured that theire cheefe doth inbrace and recompence all brave actiones in warr do venture them selves with a better couradge, and resolute determination; Then if they were constrained by force, and of litle hope of recompence.

Iulius Caesar that famouse Captaine of greate renoome who in all his actiones sheowed him selfe with suche a generouse minde and lo∣vinge towardes his souldiores, acompanied with his military pruden∣ce did triumphe and over com in 52 battelles and incounters of grea∣te hazarde and dificulte, with the slaughter of 110000. persones for the space of eighte yeares he governed Wourthie to be noted and ke∣pte in perpetuall memory when he touke his jurney to pass over the river of the Rhine in germany to fall uppon the Suitseres, to revenge the injurie and treason comitted by them againste the republicke of the Romaines in killinge Casio a famouse Romaine Consull, and all his people: But Iulius Caesar for a revenge therof gave them a battell, they bienge in number 290000. men; Notwithstandinge he defeated 130000. of them, and they askinge for peace after that Cesar did over∣come them he came to a gremente and composition with them.

Page  162A nother thinge wourdie to by noted that when the Suitsers did pass the river of the Rhine, with 43000. men to inhabite, and over∣come France, Borgondie, and Flandes. Julius Caesar heeringe of theyre presomtion, presentlie departed to meete them, and defeated and o∣vercom them, and for the moste parte suche as escaped the battell, for the greate renoome and relation they had of his brave govermen∣te, and kinde intertainemente, they were contente to remaine in ser∣vice under him, soe that trough his prudence, bra ve conduction, and the greate contentemente souldiores had to serve under his comaun∣de, he did overcome all the Provinces of the Suitseres Fleminges, and Frence, and passed into Inglande and did put them under subiection, and after pasinge over sea, the Inglish begon to rebell againste him, so that he was forced to returne a gaine to recover thē, and leavinge them setled, wente into spaine and drived a way Pompeo, and maste∣red all that he had under subiection: So that this laudable and renoo∣med Captanie lefte to all warriers many brave examples of perpetuall memory.

His brave and prudente conduction, liberalitie clemencie and mangnanimitie made him victoriouse, so that he triumpheth over Asia, Africa, and Europa. And soe many more brave and valerouse warrieres for bienge beloved by theires, kepinge them still conten∣ted, have optained manny rare victories. And to the contrarie o the∣res who were of bad conduction, and careless to contente theire Ar∣mies had but litle goode succeses; As did happen to Atilla kinge of the Hunos a proude and cruell man, an enemy and scourdge of cristia∣nes, was overcom in the battell betwexte him and Theodorico Kinge of the Burgonones in the campe of Cathalanos, thoughe he had mo∣re men then the Burgonones he was overcom with the loshe of 180000 men, in whiche battell the Kinge Theodorico was slaine, many more comparisones mighte be related, but nowe a dayes the warres are so diferente in usinge no tyranny, but rather by industry brave and prudente conduction goode discipline, dayly subtilitie engeniouse wittes, inventenge of fire wourkes and other military actes in warr, to which helpeth muche the readinge of antiente histo∣ries of prudente and valerouse Captaines to sharpen the witt of men, and increase the hartes and understandinge of suche as do followe the noble profession of armes: But let none presume that by onely readinge he can be apte to governe in warr (in governinge of an ar∣my) nor truste to the same withoute havinge exercised him selfe Page  163 and practisinge him in many ocurantes of warrlike afaires, but the learninge becometh none better then the souldior, for it bringes him to greate perfection, firimnes and auctoritie. Many Kinges Em∣peroures and Captaine generalles do imbrace the letteres with ar∣mes and finde it moste necessarie, and are of rare importance, and finde that learninge is moste required to the executiones of this pro∣fession more then to any other profession, for bienge the true funda∣mente of nobilitie: In the profession of armes the wicked uice of in∣vie is moste odiouse and uileste of all actes; for bienge master of ma∣ny vices which resulte of rude and blinde ingnorance, subjecte to quareles, murmurasion, backbitinge, disgraces and bad examples, enemy to all goode proceedinges, truth and vertue, whiche doth so penetrate the unconsiderate and base understandinge of many of litle conscience and reputation, daylie decaienge and fallinge unto many crimes and disgraces, enemy to frindshipp and acorde, subje∣cte to afrontes and vices, of bad life and bad ende: In the profession of armes greate care oughte to be taken of suche as are given to suche and semblable vices; and when by faire meanes and goode instru∣ctiones they do not a minde to see them severelie punished, or drive them a way, like base factioneres inclined to vices troubles and bad examples.