The theorike and practike of moderne vvarres discoursed in dialogue vvise. VVherein is declared the neglect of martiall discipline: the inconuenience thereof: the imperfections of manie training captaines: a redresse by due regard had: the fittest weapons for our moderne vvarre: the vse of the same: the parts of a perfect souldier in generall and in particular: the officers in degrees, with their seuerall duties: the imbattailing of men in formes now most in vse: with figures and tables to the same: with sundrie other martiall points. VVritten by Robert Barret. Comprehended in sixe bookes.
Barret, Robert, fl. 1600.

The Lieutenant his office and duty.

He therefore that is chosen to this office, ought to be a man of great experi∣ence, fidelity and valour, who in the absence of his Captaine, carieth his roome, charge and command;* vnto whom the souldiers and vnder-officers are to obey, for the time, as vnto the Captaine himselfe: notwithstanding he must vse it with such discretion and moderation, that he arrogate not too much vnto himselfe; but at his Captaines returne he shall with all loue, truth, and dutie, enforme him of all things and matters passed.

If any questions and ciuill debates do arise amongst the souldiers of his band, he is to pacifie, iudge and determine the same with grauity and good speeches: whereby he shall binde them more firmely vnto him in obedience and loue:* and when as he cannot concert and agree them, he is to referre them ouer vnto his Captaine; but the most faultie and offenders hee may cause to be apprehended, and send them to the Colonell or Marshall.

It is his charge and office to see that the Company be prouided of all necessa∣ries, aduertising the Caporals to see well to their charges, and aduising the Ser∣geant to be diligent, carefull, and ready in his office, wherein he shall ayd, help & assist him, both in ordering the company, and in setting the watch, the which he is precisely bound to perform himself, in the Sergeāts absence or time of infirmity.

He is to passe with the Companie vnto the Corps de garde, to see the watch and Sentinels set, and often times to visite and reuisite the same; and to perswade the souldiers to respect, with obedience, their Sergeant and Caporals: wherefore it importeth him to be well spoken, discreet and wise, to moue & perswade them with sound reasons, to the obseruation and obedience of Militarie discipline, dis∣burdening thereby his Captaine of manie and sundrie toiles.

*It toucheth him also to see the souldiers appointed to their lodgings, giuing order for the same vnto the Harbenger, and how he shall distribute the baggage and cariage amongst the particular souldiers, and the sicke men carefullie to bee looked vnto, not suffering these Harbengers or Furriers to rob, purloine, and Page  23 filch as they are wont to do, whereby great scandals do arise, as at the rising of the Vlishingers, and in sundrie other places hath appeared.

His place of march (his Captaine being present) is in the Rere-ward of all the company,* but after any fight or skirmish, in retiring & marching out of the field, he is to passe before, and the Captaine in the rere-ward. Now, for as much as by that, as shall be declared in the ordinarie Captaines office, may easily bee vnder∣stood the dutie of this officer, hauing the whole company in charge, it seemeth me to haue said at this present, sufficient herein.