The theorike and practike of moderne vvarres discoursed in dialogue vvise. VVherein is declared the neglect of martiall discipline: the inconuenience thereof: the imperfections of manie training captaines: a redresse by due regard had: the fittest weapons for our moderne vvarre: the vse of the same: the parts of a perfect souldier in generall and in particular: the officers in degrees, with their seuerall duties: the imbattailing of men in formes now most in vse: with figures and tables to the same: with sundrie other martiall points. VVritten by Robert Barret. Comprehended in sixe bookes.
Barret, Robert, fl. 1600.

VVherein is discoursed touching the remouing of a Campe; and of the care and dili∣gence to be had therein.


TRuly (Captaine) you haue made a long discourse of the encamping of an Army: and I neuer thought it had bin a matter of such skill and readinesse, whereby I perceiue, it is not the least point of your Mar∣tiall matters.


No truly, but rather one of the greatest, and a point of great consideration,* care, and skill, and it importeth much for a Campe-maister Gene∣rall to be most expert therein: for by bad regard, and litle skill, the whole campe may come to be in hazard.


But I pray you what order is obserued in remouing of a campe, & with∣drawing from the enemy?*


The marching and the encamping of an army being a continuate thing, the dislodging or remouing of a Campe must needes be a consequence. There∣fore I will with as much breuitie, as I may conueniently, declare vnto you what I conceiue thereof; and that which hath bin seene in our time touching the same. Presupposing therefore, that there be two enemy Armies, encamped within sight one of another, or at the least not farre distant asunder, and because it is a most important matter, to know how many and sundry operations a braue man of warre or good chiefe may do, yet herein there is many considerations to be had. For although to retire by night,* and to remoue away from the enemy, doth seeme to be the surest remedy that can be found, me thinkes, notwithstanding that the same is not sufficient inough to attaine an intention with securitie, if the said reti∣rer be not befriended, either with the situation, or with some other parts and con∣ditions of the countrey whether he meaneth to retire. And comming vnto the particulars, I say; that when a campe remoueth and dislodgeth by night, it is need∣full to vse all possible silence and diligence,* the which if it be not assisted with the seate, and qualities of the countrey, it is not yet inough; as hee which is to march thorough a plaine and champain countrey, & in open places, and not hauing (vp∣on any occasion offered by the enemy) some woods, valley, riuer, rocks, or such like, thorough the which mē may hardly passe; but being so (as I say) it may thē suffice Page  163 to hold skirmish: for that the enemies horse approching may be thereby hin∣dred and kept backe; but otherwise one shold be constrained to fight against ones will, with great disorder, especially carrying along the Artillery and other impe∣diments of the campe,* the which with reason is not to bee left in pray to the e∣nemy. And in like sorte it is not conuenient to march the Army out of his ordinary pace, for if a man bee ouer sollicitous and hastie therein, it would easily conioyne an euill opinion vnto the souldiers former conceipt, growne by such dislodging and retiring: a matter truly of great daunger to cause an vnremediable disorder to ensue, as many times it hath bin seene come to passe, whereas the army that pursueth the enemy,* hath not those impediments and diffi∣culties: for they may leaue all impediments behind. And if the pursuer do march with speede, it is done with more desire and courage; the chieftaines vsing braue and honourable words, as in such cases be conuenient, and therefore (in mine o∣pinion) the dislodging by night is not very secure,* vnlesse it bee (as I sayd) be∣friended and ayded with some seate of aduantage: as it chaunced vnto the afore∣sayd Francis the French King, when at Cambresy, he retired from the Emperour by night, that by the benefit of a great wood he might saue his Army: and hauing passed thorough the same, when the enemies horse ouertooke him, where hee made a stand; and where as well by reason of the aduantage of that wood, as by the commoditie of the seate where he stood, he might well and boldly fight with the enemy, as by experience of them of the Emperours part was seene: who ouer greedily pursuing the enemy, issued out of the wood, euen vpon his troupes, where the most part of them were slaine, or taken prisoners.

*The very same case happened also vnto the protestants Army in Germany, when they would remoue and withdraw themselues from the Emperours campe, being both the Campes neare encamped together, that dislodging by night, they had not farre to march, to enter into a very strong valley, where they could not, but with the enemies great disaduantage, bee charged and set vpon: and for that there was in the same valley a little hill, the same was presently possest by the pro∣testants, and planted with good store of field ordinance, and with strong troupes of foote and horse, and in such sort occupied, that what with this preparation, and with that which they made in a neare adioyning wood, planting the same full of small shot; the Emperours power could not pursue them, as they had pretended. For as soone as they were approched neare vnto them, they saw that they were retired vnto a place both by art and nature most strong: and therefore were let passe without any more annoyance. Wherefore I say, that with the fauour of the seate, and quality of the countrey, the dislodgement may be thus assured; as by the aboue recited examples may appeare.* And alwayes it is farre better to dislodge by night then by day, for to gaine at the least, the distance of ground, to conduct the Campe to place of security and strength:* for the remouing by day, without the great helpe and securitie of the seate, most commonly is very daungerous; except the Remouer should farre abound in Cauallery; and therefore the Campe, which is inferiour in horse, ought to distant himselfe, as farre as he can, from the enemy; for not, by such accidents, to be constrained either to fight vpon disaduan∣tage, or commit some other foule disorder.

*Thus haue I at large (and more large then I meant) declared vnto you, the of∣fice Page  164 and parts of a Campe-maister Generall, with the orders to be obserued in marching, in encamping, and in remouing of a Campe, with rules and instructi∣ons to effect the same: the which being well conceiued, considered, and regar∣ded, may serue in time of seruice, to great good and importance.


Truly (Captaine) you haue taken paines herein, and haue touched ma∣ny good points worthy noting; especially should warres fall vpon vs: from the which God defend vs. But haue you yet any other officer to treat of, vntill you come to the Lord high Generall?