The theorike and practike of moderne vvarres discoursed in dialogue vvise. VVherein is declared the neglect of martiall discipline: the inconuenience thereof: the imperfections of manie training captaines: a redresse by due regard had: the fittest weapons for our moderne vvarre: the vse of the same: the parts of a perfect souldier in generall and in particular: the officers in degrees, with their seuerall duties: the imbattailing of men in formes now most in vse: with figures and tables to the same: with sundrie other martiall points. VVritten by Robert Barret. Comprehended in sixe bookes.
Barret, Robert, fl. 1600.

The Artillery more or lesse, that is vsed to be conducted with an Army.

*30 Cannons for battery, that shoote bullet from 44, 50, 60, and some 70 pound weight; from 6, to 10 inches in height.

20 demy Cannons, from 24 pound bullet, to 30 pound.

20 Culuerins, from 16 pound, to 20 pound bullet.

15 demy Culuerines; 20 Falcons: 25 Falconets; and 12 Sakers.

5000 Quintals or Centenaires of Cannon powder, to remaine in the place of garrison of most respect, oxe hide to couer the powder in cariage; 600 quintals of hargubuze powder, and a number of lether bagges or satchels, to cary powder behind men on horsebacke, and when any battery is set.

9 or 10 thousand Cannon shot, 7 or 8 thousand demy Cannon shot, 3 or 4 thou∣sand Culuerine shot, 3 thousand demy Culuerine shot, 2 thousand Falcon shot, 2 or 3 thousand bullets of lead for Falconets, 6000 shot of diuerse sizes. All these shot and bullets must be carried in coffers, and strong maunds made of oziers or mats, 300 Centenaires of lead, 500 Centenaires of match, 2000 iron shouels, 7 or 8 thousand mattocks, 4 or 5 thousand pickaxes, 2000 axes and hatchets to cut wood, 1500 wood hookes, and tooles to make faggots: the greatest part of all these iron tooles are to haue handles, and healues. There must also bee tables, plankes, & boordes, & good store of such other timber for many necessary causes: Page  135 great store of hand maundes, and baskets to cary earth to the bastion, & gabions; sea compases also, and 4000 great iron nayles for the cariages of the Artillery, and of other midle and lesser sizes: foure great sawes, and many small; eight great iron sledges to breake rockes and great stones, to make the way plaine for the cariages: 20 iron crowes, and iron barres as many: 150 quintals of iron: 50 quin∣tals of steele: 20 augers of the great sort, middle, and lesser sort; two talladores or, which are engines to mount and dismount ordinance: and many spare chargers or ladles of brasse, and many rammers, sponges, and such like, for double Cannon, Cannon, Culuerine, demy Culuerine, Saker, Minion, Falcon, &c.

Good store of nayles of sundry sorts, as well for the wheeles of the Artillery, as for sundry other purposes; many chaines of iron to draw the artillery; store of iron cloutes for the axletrees, with some iron bands for the wheeles; two Romanas which is a certaine skale or beame to weigh powder, match, &c. All tooles apper∣taining vnto a smiths forge.

Horse nayles and horse shoes of all sizes; good store of Cotton match for the lint stockes; cordage of sundry sorts; smal cables for the artillery; certaine cariages, or beds for the Artillery; and spare wheeles to the same: with axletrees, and such like: certaine cartes and wheeles extraordinary to cary the munition.

Eight great coffers, whereof 2 to be full of tallow candles, for the Carpenters and other officers to worke by night, and 2 with lanternes, and 2 with cere-clothes and the other 2 with torches and wax candles, and such other lights: 150 kinder∣kins and barrels to cary the small cordage, and small iron ware, and greasing for the axeltrees, 50 kintals of soape, tarre, & soft grease to annoint the axletrees of the cariages of the ordinance; 60 bundels of scaling ladders, & 3000 muskets and caliuers in store.

Moreouer there must be caried with them to make artificial fiers, some quanti∣ty of Sal niter, or peter, as we terme it, Brimstone, sal guma, camphora, pitch, rozine, turpentine, tarre, cole of young hasell, or willow, aqua vitae, liquid vernize, tutia, ar∣senike, alexandrina non praeparata, linsseede oyle, common lampe oyle, Cal viua, quick-siluer, waxe, strong vinegar, and salt-peter three or foure times refined: of all these no great quantity, for they be costly, and seldome vsed.


Truly it is a wonder, to heare and consider what a number of diuerse & sundry things do of necessitie,* appertaine vnto this great ordinance, and the num∣ber of officers and people to gouerne the same: the horses and oxen to draw thē: such store of cartes, waines, and wagons to carry the munition: which must needes be a wonderfull charge vnto a Prince, which either voluntary or constrained, doth vse many of them, as of necessity any Prince maintaining war, either offensiue or defensiue, must needes do.


Therefore haue I made this large relation,* rather to let you vnderstand the excessiue charge that a prince is at in managing of war, thē of necessity to be inser¦ted in this place: especially being in continual actiō, as the Spaniard is: wherefore I say, as did the yong Biscaino one of his subiects, being in examinatiō with me as before I told you, that without the Indies, the spanish king were soone a begger. And much more wold you wonder, shold I make a particular recital of the charge he is, and hath bin at, in the long warres of the Low countries; in his preparation for the cōquest of Portugall; in his fleete & action vnto Tercera Iland; in his proud Page  136 attēpt against vs; In his brables in Britayn; besides the incredible nūber of his pis∣tolets continually flying in (almost) euery nation,* to infect, corrupt, and pierce the mindes, hearts, and soules of good Princes subiectes, to their Princes annoy∣ance, and their owne confusion in fine. Italy, Fraunce, and Flanders, too full of his pencionary troupes: I pray God, that other nations tast not of his infection.