Annotations of the out situations.
*It must be remarked and considered if the Citie or situation without be vpon a hill, or on plaine, or participating of both; and of what sort is the one and the o∣other, of these qualities: if there runne any riuer along by the Citie or neare it, of what quantitie or greatnesse it is, and toward what part it runneth: & if it haue any lake or poole adioyning neare vnto it, of what greatnesse it is, or of what store of water; or if there be about it any litle hils or bankes which might endammage the place: or if there be any valleis, bottoms, or hollow wayes, where the enemy might be hiddē, and come to annoy the Citie; of what qualities the mount or hill Page 129 is, whereupon it is seated, either if of hard stone, or of soft, frangible, and easie. Now if it be in a plaine, there must be considered (aboue the aboue said) how the ditch standeth, how the field, and how the riuers runne.
It is also to be noted,* that if in any of these situations there be neare adioyning any woods, vineyards, orchardes, gardēs, tuffe of trees, houses, Churches, Mona∣steries, or other edifices, considering whether they be such as may annoy the ene∣my, or render him any commoditie, whereby he may easily harme the Citie.
If the seat of the citie, fort, or fortresse, be maritime, or sea coast, 〈◊〉 must be considered the qualitie of that sea, and of the hauen or port, and of what depth it is, whether it hath any litle Isle or rocke neare vnto it, the which the enemy en∣ioying may offend and annoy you, and whether it hath any shoare, bay, recepta∣cle, or place of refuge, or any riuer-mouth, where the enemies fleet riding easily at an anker, might hinder & empeach, their succour by sea, and continually mo∣lest them: what distance there is from the wall vnto the sea, and whether it bee such that the enemy may aduantage himselfe therewith: & all the abouesayd con∣siderations touching the situations of sea or land, noting the same with great care, heede, and forecast.