The sermon preached at Paules Crosse, the tenth day of Nouember being the next Sunday after the discouerie of this late horrible treason. By the right reuerend father in God, William, by Gods permission, Lord Bishop of Rochester.
Barlow, William, d. 1613.
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Here was read the parties confession, so much as con∣cerned the Plot.

ANd so much of the Plot.

Now for the Con-comitance, what would haue come to passe, euen with that blow. The olde Greeke Prouerbe is, 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, that no great exploit can suddenly be effected, espe∣cially, alteration of States, doe aske a long time & must bee wrought by degrees: for omnis subita mutatio est periculosa, euen to the Conquerors them∣selues, and therefore in their purpose to change a State, they will begin with one thing at once, as with weakening the force, or exhausting the wealth, or altering the Religion, or remouing their Gouernors, but in this designe, Vno flatu, vno ictu, vno nictu, with one blast at one blow, in one twinkling of an eye, should haue bin crushed to∣gether, the Gouernement, the Councell, the wisedom, the Religion, the Learning, the strength, the Iustice▪ of the whole land. The want of one of these is a blemish to a State, and bringes a miserie with it. A Realme without a Monarch as the Skie with∣out the Sunne is a clowde of darkenesse, a darke∣nes of confusion.

A Monarch without counsell, as a head without eyes, obnoxius of it selfe to danger, and a burden to the members.

Counsell without Wisdome, as an arrow out of a Page  [unnumbered] childes bow, accidentally fortunate, but origi∣nally weake.

Wisedome without Religion, like Tullies Offices, politique but prophane.

Religion without Learning, like the Athenian Al∣tar. Act. 17 superstitiously deuoute, but funda∣mentally vnsound.

Learning not guarded with strength, as a rich Ci∣tie without wals, naked & vnfenced.

Strength without Iustice, as a Lyon broke from his Cage, furious and vnsatiable. And yet this darkenes, this blindenes, this prophanes, this su∣perstition, this weakenes, this lawles fury, had with this blowing vp, bin blown in & ouer this whole nation, a thing which neither the greatest Poten∣tate of the world, with his strongest inuasion, nor the most dangerous rebel, though most popular & powerfull, coulde haue brought to passe after many repulses, & in many years, namely, to take away at once, the hope of succession, the Oracles of wisedome, the Chariots of Israel, the Beau-peeres of Learning, the buttresses of strength, the guardians of iustice; the glory of the Nobilitie, and in one word, the Flower of the whole Kingdome, not, as Tarquinius, the poppy heades, one after one, but with Sampsons crush, al in a moment: And which makes the fact more odious, in the sanctuary of the Kingdom. These would haue gone with the blow, but what should the Issue haue been?

Page  [unnumbered]If the light which is within thee be darkenesse, saith our Sauiour, Mat. 6.23. how great is that darkenes? and yet such had beene ours, when all the lights together were extinguished▪ Be∣gin first with the chiefest and brightest, Lucerna Israel, so is the King called, 2. Sam. 21. It is a wo to a lād saith the Preacher, wher the king is a child Eccle. 10.16. But Write this man childles, Ier. 22.30. is a more dreadfull case: For vbi nullus guberna∣tor, neither in act, nor hope, populus corruit saith Sa∣lomon, Pro. 11.14. there followes a generall dis∣solution. Then come we to the inferiour lightes, 1. the lights politike, In the multitude of Counsel∣lors there is health, Pro. 24.6. Sed dissipantur cogi∣tationes vbi non est consilium. Pro. 15.22. The ioyntes of the whole State are loosened where there is no Counsel. 2. The Lightes Ecclesiasticall: The Priestes lips shall preserue knowledge, and at his mouth the Law must be learned, Mal. 2.7. for they are Lux mundi. Mat 5▪ both for inlightning the mindes of men with knowledge, and directing their liues by good example. Now these Priestes to be slain by the sword, Psa. 78.64. is a miserable calamitie, but to haue no Priest, no Teraphim, no Ephod, no Church-gouernor (as our case had bin▪) is that horrible desolation threatned by the pro∣phet, Ose. 3.4. Then the Lights Ciuil, Magistrates inferior, who being sub-ordinate to the greater, these being quenched, what light can the lesse Page  [unnumbered] giue? what obedience could they haue? their au¦thority (at the best) is but deriued: when the fountaine therfore is stopped, the riuers are dri∣ed, the Chieftaine remoued, the Lieue-tenancie ceaseth. Lastly, Lux morum, Mat. 5.16. Let your light so shine, &c. These lightes of good manners where had they bin? in such a Cyclopicall Confu∣sion, wherein as the Poet saith,*〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, No-body heares nothing of No-body. As the Scripture speaketh, wherein euery man dooth what seemeth good in his own eyes, be it neuer so bad, what Rapes, what Rapines, what riflings, what slaughters had insued? A thing more mi∣serable to the suruiuors thē to them which were slaine? wherein, what could be any mans? and yet what might not be euery mans? wherein op∣timū misericordiae genus esset occidere, the best kind of pitty had bin to slay, and the happiest newes, to heare of death. The hedge lying open for the wild boare of the forrest to enter, a Forrener to inuade, or the slie Foxe of the wood to clime, a domesticall vsurper to intrude, this had bin the Cimmerian darkenesse of our nation, when these lightes had bin extinguished. And blowne out should they haue bin, vnlesse the father of lightes had caused light to shine out of darkenesse by discouering and reuealing this worke of darke∣nesse: so that we may truely now conclude with Dauid, Psal. 97.11. Lux orta est iusto, Light is Page  [unnumbered] sprung vp for the Righteous, and ioy vnto them that are true hearted.

Now doe as Assuerus did, cause the Records to be read,* & Chronicles to be searcht, ancient, moderne, diuine, prophane, Greeke, Latin among the Turkes, in Paganisme, yea if Hell keepe any Re∣cords, search there, and looke if yee can patterne this conspiracie, or match this daunger, so despe∣rate, so cruel, so ineuitable, and iudge, whether this Conclusion of Dauids, do not well sort with this escape of ours. [Great deliuerances giueth hee vnto his king] but this, perhaps you will say, was but one great indeed, euen a riddance as the Pro∣phet speaketh, from the nethermost pit. Psal. 30. What is this to the plurall in the Text, [deliuerā∣ces?] yes, because in this one there were many; for had our gracious Soueraigne only escaped, the de∣liuerances had bin many, for that euen in the very person of the King, there are many liues, Thou art worth ten thousand of vs said the people to Dauid.•• Sam. 18.3. So many liues preserued by the kings safetie, so many deliuerances, but that speech, 1. Reg. 22.••. I saw all Israel scattered as sheepe wan∣ting a shephearde, argueth that the liues of the whole Nation, are contained in the Kings person. But this was not all, for withall was deliuered both his fruitfull vine, and his Oliue branches, as Dauid calleth them. Psalm. 128. his Queene, Page  [unnumbered] and Children, the Crowne of his Table, the Di∣ademe of his Crowne; the glory of his Diademe, the hope of his glory, the assurance of his hope, and the pledges of his assurance. The slaughter of Zedekiah his sonnes, did more grieue him. Ieremy 52.9. then the losse of his King∣dome, or the Captiuity of his owne person, and such being the affection of our louing King vnto his deare Children, hee accountes their escape, no meane part of his Deliuerances: Nei∣ther was this all, because the best part of his peo∣ple were withall deliuered, besides the number which was very great. In the multitude of the people, is the Honour of the King, sayeth Salomon; but a Realme dispeopled is presently ru∣ined. Prouerb. 14.28. Therefore it pleased his Maiestie to professe (in his Royall, iudicious, graue, and learned speech vttered yesterday in the Parliament) that the deliuerance of the E∣states and Commons, (which were aymed at) whose liues and welfare, hee vowed, were more deare vnto him then his own safety, did more Comfort him then his Personall escape. But in this point of the Pluralitie If I woulde bee curious in an other Realme (as then it was) I might fill vppe the number of the King his Deliuerances, and match them with Dauids.

Page  [unnumbered]It seemeth by his Maiesties speach yesterday; that his case & race hath bin the same with the Prophet, being preserued in Vtero, Psal. 139.13. Ab Vtero, Psal. 22.10. Ex vtero, Psal. 71.6. For no sooner was hee conceiued in the wombe, but presentlie he was hazarded, no sooner deliuered from the wombe, but inuironed with daunger, and what perils he hath passed euer since he was borne, need not be related, they are so manifest: dismissed from those parts with a dreadfull fare∣well of a desperate Treacherie, and entertained a∣mong vs with a Conspiracie vnnatural & as dan∣gerous: heere Crowned with Thornes, before hee coulde get on the Crowne of Golde. Now therefore, as for these rescues hee and wee may truely say with Dauid [Magnificasti salutes, thou hast shewed great deliuerances]: so, for the dis∣couery of the danger; we must needs adde with the same Prophet, Psal. 17.7. Mirificasti miseri∣cordias, thy mercies thou hast made maruellous [ 1] for surelie, there were wonders in the disclosing thereof: As first by a letter written without a name, in a disguised hand (for mendax odit lucē) to a Noble Gentleman (affected that way in Religi¦on) who hath therin discharged the part both of a loyal and honourable Subiect: his duetie hee shewed, in reuealing what was written * fea∣ring some danger might be intended, his honour appeared in the detestation of such a horrible in∣tention.

Page  [unnumbered]2 By his Maiesties apprehension, who though he walketh securely, in the sinceritie of his Con∣science, and innocency of his carriage (which makes him lesse iealous and suspitious of daun∣ger) yet his heart gaue him (by some wordes in that letter) that there might bee some fiery En∣gine, perhaps remembring his Fathers Case, who was blowne vp with powder.