The key of knowledge which is, a little booke intended to bee of good use, as for all degrees of Christians, so especially for religious families, and religious schooles. The full use and contents whereof must be enquired in the preface or introduction to the worke, which is (first) deliberately to be read of those who desire to receive profit by the booke. By John Jackson, rector of Marsk neere Richmond in York-shire.
Jackson, John, 1600-1648.
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THE SECOND Forme of Doctrine, or the young mans Cate∣chisme.

PAul.

* What is Ca∣techisme, & wher∣unto may it bee compared?

Gamaliel.

* It cannot bet∣ter bee defined then out of Heb. 6. 1. The principles of the doctrine of Christ: and it may be fitly compared to Samp∣sons haire, wherein was both strength and beauty, for so ought catechisme be strong in precepts, beautifull in or∣der and method.

Paul.

* What is Christian doctrine usually called, and how may it be defined?

Gamaliel.

* It is most usu∣ally called either Religion, or Page  [unnumbered]Divinitie, and may bee defi∣ned to be the Art or science of beleeving aright, and of li∣ving well.

Paul.

* How many parts are there then of Religion?

Gamal.

* Two, which Saint Paul Titus 1. verse 1. calls TRVTH, and GODLI∣NES, and they are the two pillars or supporters of Gods house, the shaking of either of which ruines the building.

Paul.

* Where may bee found united, and gathered together those principall and fundamentall Truths, which a Christian is to be∣lieve to salvation.

Gamal.

* They are abridg∣ed and contracted into the Apostles Creed, and are first, capable of this distinction, Page  [unnumbered] that they either concerne God, or the Church of God.

Paul.

* Which is the grand truth wee are to embrace concerning God?

Gamal.

* That in regard of nature, essence, and being there is but one God, yet in regard of divine relation, and reall respects, in that one Godhead there are three persons.

Paul.

* Describe mee the nature and essence of God, so farre as he may (as it were through a glasse) he seene, and comprehended of our weake capacities.

Gamal.

* God is that most absolute, and first being, whose proper Attributes are, 1 Simplicitie, 2 Eterni∣tie, 3 Immensitie, 4 Perfecti∣on, 5 Immutability, 6 Immor∣tality, Page  [unnumbered]7 Goodnesse,8 Justice, 9 Truth,10 Holinesse,11 Om∣nipotency, 12 liberty or free∣dome, and lastly, glory and majestie.

Paul.

* What now is that you call a person of the God-head?

Gamal.

* It is a relation or respect, which taketh no∣thing from, nor addeth any thing to the divine essence, but onely distinguisheth the Father, Son, and holy Ghost among themselves, and one from another, every one of them having both his in∣communicable propriety, or nature, and every one of them having his owne in∣communicable worke, or Counsell.

Paul.

* Which is the in∣communicable propriety or Page  [unnumbered] nature of the Father, the first of the three persons?

Gamal.

* To beget, and not be begotten.

Paul.

* What is the Fathers proper and incommunica∣ble worke or counsell?

Gamal.

*Creation, for by his Almighty power in ma∣king heaven and earth, hee cast out vacuitie and empti∣nesse, that great enemy of nature, and by his provi∣dence, which is a continued creation, hee keepeth it out still.

Paul.

* Which is the pe∣culiar property of the sonne who is the second person in order, and manner of subsi∣stence?

Gamal.

* His relative pro∣pertie is to be begotten.

Paul.

* Which is his pecu∣liar Page  [unnumbered] worke?

Gamaliel.

*Redemption, which is a stisfaction made to the justice of God for the sinne of man: in which re∣gard, he hath 4. stiles in the Creed, 1. Iesus to note his office of mediatorship in ge∣nerall, 2. Christ, to denote his three particular offices, sacerdotall, propheticall, and royall, 3. Sonne, to note his order and manner of subsi∣stence, fourthly and lastly, Lord, to note his purchase.

Paul.

* How is our Re∣demption wrought?

Gamal.

* Partly by the Hu∣miliation, and partly by the Exaltation of the sonne of God, the severall degrees of which twaine are accu∣rately and punctually folded up in the very body of the Page  [unnumbered] said Creed, &c.

Paul.

* Which bee the se∣verall degrees of his Humi∣lation?

Gamal.

* They bee sixe in number, and are thus to bee enumerated in order, 1. his Conception [hee was conceived by the holy Ghost] 2. his nati∣vity [borne of the Virgin Ma∣ry] 3. his passion [suffered un∣der Pontius Pilate] 4. his cru∣cifixion, which was the ex∣tremity of his passion [was crucified] 5. his death [dead] 6. his buriall [and buried] through all which severall degrees of sorrow he passed, and was pressed with them as a cart with sheaves, that he might beare our sinnes, and heale our infirmities.

Paul.

* Which be the se∣verall degrees of his Exal∣tation?

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Gamal.

* They be five in number, and are thus to bee reckoned; 1. his triumph o∣ver Hell [hee descended into hell] 2. his Resurrection [hee rose againe the third day] 3. his Ascention [hee ascended into heaven] 4. his session at his Fathers right hand [there he sits at the right hand of God] 5. his office of judicature [from thence hee shall come to judge both the quicke and the dead]

Paul.

* What is the rela∣tive property of the Holy Ghost, the third person in manner of subsisting?

Gamal.

* To proceed.

Paul.

* What is his proper worke?

Gamal.

*Sanctification, or application, for Christ ha∣ving prepared the remedie Page  [unnumbered] leaves it to bee applied by the sanctification of his spi∣rit, and as hee justifies us by his merit, so hee sanctifies us by his Spirit.

Paul.

* Having seene those fundamentall truths which concerne God, and being now come to those which concerne the Church of God, tell mee what a Christian is bound to beleeve concer∣ning the Church?

Gamal.

* That it is a com∣pany of beleevers united to Christ by faith here, and by vision hereafter: and that the said company is inve∣sted with a double property, to wit, first, it is holy in re∣gard of the holinesse both of the outward meanes, and inward worke of the Spirit: and secondly it is CatholiquePage  [unnumbered] and universall in regard both of time, persons, and pla∣ces.

Paul.

* What are the be∣nefits which arise to us from our being members of this holy Catholike Church?

Gamal.

* Foure, two where∣of accrew in this life, to wit first, Communion of Saints, that is, that fellowship wee have both with Christ, and all his members, in grace, and glory; secondly, Remis∣sion of sinnes, both incove∣ring and curing them: and other two in the life to come, first Resnrrection of the body, when that which is sowne in corruption riseth againe in incorruption; se∣condly, Life everlasting, when there shall be a neces∣sary absence of all evill, and Page  [unnumbered] a necessary presence of all good.

Paul.

* Having learned the TRVTH of Religion, I desire now to goe on to the second part, the GODLI∣NESSE of it, tell mee first therefore I pray you, how it may best be divided.

Gama.

* Into three heads, first, our walking with God, in holy obedience, accor∣ding to the ten precepts of the decalogue. Secondly, our Talking with him in de∣vout prayer, according to the seven petitions of the Lords prayer. Thirdly; our Receiving from him in the two Sacraments of the new Testament.

Paul.

* How is our wal∣king with God according to the Law distributed?

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Gama.

* Either into Holi∣nesse, which is our immedi∣ate worship of God requi∣red in the first table of the law, or into Righteousnesse, whereby God is mediately served through the love to our neighbour, as is requi∣red in the latter table.

Paul.

* On how many feet stands the first table of the Law, which concernes our duty towards God?

Gamal.

* On foure;for it enjoyneth 1. that wee place and bestow divine worship on none, but the onely true God, choosing him to be our Jehovah, and to set our heart upon. Precept 1. 2. that we worship him with his owne prescribed worship, and not after our owne Imaginati∣ons or devices, Precept 2. 3. Page  [unnumbered] that wee shew him due ex∣ternall reverence also, in transacting his worship and service, Precept 3. 4. in re∣gard of the time, that wee performe it especially, and more solemnely on the Lords day, Precept 4.

Paul.

* On how many feet doth the second table stand, which concernes our duty to man?

Gamal.

* On sixe, for it enjoyneth, 1. that wee be diligent in all offices, and duties towards our superi∣ours, inferiours, and equals, Precept 5. 2. that wee pre∣serve life and health, both of our selves, and our neigh∣bour, to Gods glory, and the good both of Church and Common-weale, Pre∣cept 6. 3. that wee preserve Page  [unnumbered] and keepe both inward cha∣stity of heart, and the out∣ward of the body, Precept 7. 4. that wee preserve the e∣state and livelyhood both of our selves and neighbour, to our owne comfort, and the good of others, Precept 8. 5. that wee beare up, and maintaine our owne and o∣thers fame and credit, ac∣compting it as a precious ointment, Precept 9. Lastly, that we resist and suppresse in the first risings thereof, all concupiscence, and evill motions, though they bee before consent of will, Pre∣cept 10.

Paul.

* Tell me now what prayer, or holy talking with God is, which was propo∣sed to be the second part of Godlinesse?

Page  [unnumbered]
Gamal.

* It is a moving of God the father,in the name of his Sonne, by the power of his holy Spirit, for such things as are agreeable to his will! the best president and platforme whereof is the Lords prayer.

Paul.

* How is this prayer divided?

Gamal.

* Into 4. parts, 1. the preface or preparation to prayer, Our Father which art in heauen. 2. the petitions or things asked, Hallowed be &c. 3. the doxologie, or thanksgiving, for thine is &c. 4. the seale, or conclusion, Amen.

Paul.

* The petitions be∣ing the chiefe part,how ma∣ny are they in number, and how are they to be divided?

Gamal.

* They be six, and Page  [unnumbered] are usually referred to two heads, namely those that concerne God, which are the three first, and those which concerne our selves, which are the three last.

Paul.

* How doe you sub∣divide those 3.first which concerne God?

Gamal.

* They either con∣cerne his glory (1 Petition) where we pray that his name (which is himselfe) may be magnified, and hallowed: or else they concerne the meanes of his glory (Petiti∣on 2 and 3) where wee pray for the comming of his King∣dome, both of power, grace, and glory, and for the doing of his will, both by us in active obedience, and upon us in passive.

Paul.

* How doe you sub∣divide Page  [unnumbered] the three last petiti∣ons, which concerne our selves.

Gamal.

* They are either such as concerne this life, (petit. 4.) as the asking of daily bread, under which is comprehended all thinges necessary for our naturall life: or else they concerne the life to come, as the as∣king remission of sinnes, in re∣gard of what is past (petit. 5.) and deliverance of temptation, and the evill thereof, in re∣gard of what is to come (pe∣tition 6.)

Paul.

* Wee are now come to the third and last piece of Pietie, the receiving the Sa∣craments, tell mee therefore what a Sacrament is, and how many there bee?

Gamal.

* A Sacrament can∣not Page  [unnumbered] better bee defined, then out of Romans 4. and 11. a seale of the righteousnesse by Faith: of which there are onely two, properly so cal∣led, Baptisme, and the Lords Supper.

Paul.

* What is Baptisme?

Gamal.

* A Sacrament of entring us into Christianitie or of engrafting us into Christ, consisting of the out∣ward signe, which is dip∣ping in, or sprinckling with water; and of the inward grace, which is washing a∣way of our sinnes, by our san∣ctification in the blood of Christ.

Paul.

* What is the Lords Supper?

Gamal.

* A Sacrament of our continuance and growth in Christianitie, consisting Page  [unnumbered] also of the outward visible signes of bread and wine pro∣portionate to the inward and invisible Grace of Christs blessed body and blood ea∣ten, and digested by faith.

Paul.

* At the first you compared Catechisme to Sampsons haire, which was strong and faire: as therfore you have given mee a suffi∣cient tast of the strength of it, in being the very pith and marrow of the Oracles of God, so now I pray you shew mee the beauty and fairenesse of it, in the order and method thereof.

Gamal.

* First wee did be∣gin with Faith, by which wee live; secondly we did come to the Law, by which wee walke; thirdly we pro∣ceeded on to Prayer, least Page  [unnumbered] wee should faint in faith, or waxe weary of good works; Lastly, finding faith but weake, obedience imper∣fect, and prayers cold and distracted, wee have the ob∣signation of the Sacraments which are as Gods seales to secure our estate in him: which also is observed to bee the very methode and oeconomie of th' authorized Catechisme of the Church of England.

FINIS.