The moste pleasuante arte of the interpretacion of dreames whereunto is annexed sundry problemes with apte aunsweares neare agreeing to the m atter, and very rare examples, not like the extant in the English tongue. Gathered by the former auctour Thomas Hill Londoner: and now newly imp rinted.
Hill, Thomas, b. ca. 1528.

Of the cause of Dreames.

THe causes of all dreames bee on this wyse, firste those whiche are caused of meates and drinckes, as in surfeytes are wont to be is the cause of the mocion whiche properlye is caused of the vapou∣res breathing out of the foe. But the sleepe is the reste of the spyrites, and the wakinge, the vehemente motione of theym▪ and the vayne dreame is a certa∣yne tremblinge and vnperfit motion of theym. Therfore al are vayne dreames caused through the spirites lightlye mo∣ued. Wherof whyles we soundly sleepe, we then dreame nothinge at all.

So that all kyndes of vayne dreames in this point, do agree wyth the light motiō of ye spirites, & all do agree in the mat∣ter, for y the matter of ach is the remem∣braūce of y sene or heard, for no vain dre∣ames Page  [unnumbered] are caused, but through them. As y lyke for example, when a man in his slepe thinketh to se a monster with thre heads, which hee either hearde of by the discrip∣tion of some or sawe paynted in the lyke sorte, whiche heades he remembred to be on this wyse, as the one lyke a Lyon, the other a serpente or Dragon & the other a Goat. That if anye other straunge matter also a man shall see in his sleepe, or some vnknowen thinge, or deformed Plant then are those none other then vn∣parfite thinges or transposed.

For an vnknowen man is none other, then when a man is vnparfitlye founde.

And the knowledge of this is, that all men, yea the moste knowen beeyng seene far of, are vnknowen. Therfore through the vnperfite knowledge and trāsposing, and mixinge of sightes, are all dreames caused. So that it appeareth that al dre∣ames to agre booth in the efficiente cause and in the matter, for the efficyente cause, is the moderate motion of the spirites, but the matter is the memorye of things seene, eyther whole or vnparfit. For as it is manifest that there be diuers Page  [unnumbered] kyndes of dreames, euen so it behoueth y the causes bee diuers for that throughe them, those are alwais caused.

This moderate motion oughte not al∣wayes to be thoughte so perfit, that this moderation is exquisitely an indiuiduat.

But if the mocion be vehementer, and troublesomer, althoughe it maye bee mo∣derated in the kynde, yet are they called vayne dreames, troubled, vnperfite, and confused. And in this maner doo twoo kyndes of them, aryse, the one whiche is of meate, and is the more confused and vn¦perfyte, yet more fayntly. For that from the meate and drinke the vapours are not soo parfytelye caried as from the humours, whiche so cause drea∣mes more vnperfite & lame, yea and more obscure, in that the vapour is fatter, if the parson drinketh wyne, then of humours

Yet are the kyndes not so stable, doe. moue wyth suche a force, as those whiche are caused by the humors. Wherfore the dreames caused of meate are lesse parfyte lesse agreeynge, and in order, so that they appeare more troubled, confused and di∣uers, then those whiche are caused of the Page  [unnumbered] humors, as are contrary, those which are caused of the humors be more stable in or∣der & agreeing, yet lesser troubled and di¦uers, & with lesse force, then those which are caused of meate. And those which are caused wyth a lesser troublinge, and bee clearer, but caused as they were com∣pounde throughe many remembraunces conioyned, do affecte more by the sleepe through that, whiche agreeth that by wa¦kyng in the day time litle. Also they agre for the more parte to those thinges eyther seen, or harde, or imagined the day before or but a fewe dayes before, or els a longe tyme before. And thē do they shew y order as it were of the whole matter. But those whiche are in an order, and bee wythe the leaste motyon of the spyrites caused gentle, and that without anye a∣gitacion of the vpper causes procured, doe yet more affecte the soule, that wa∣kynge bee maye then bee holden wythe a certayne admiration. And seeynge a man may throughe the effectes, proceede vnto ech causes therfore oughte a traūce to be ineche kyndes.

For if dreames by a greate mocion Page  [unnumbered] maye appeare troubled, dyuers obscure, and vnperfite, and that they seeme a litle to agree then shall wee sye, that eyther meate, or drincke, or suche lyke matter, was the causer of these.