Of the opinions of phi∣sitions iu dreames.
THe phisicions also dooe obserue, that dreames in a maner doo declare y• dis∣posicion of our bodies, as eyther to helth or sicknes, whiche parhappes oughte ra∣ther to bee searched out and learned by Arte. Yet say they, that when sleapynge men see blacke visiones, lyke as the drye earthe obscure or deade men, these they and such like, do forshewe customed sicke∣nesses to be caused of the melancholy hu∣moure, and they also warne vs then to consider whether that visione towched the whole body in that the sickenes folo∣weth vniuersall, lyke as of the agewe or leaprye, for if in any part alone the party∣culer shalbee & that it hath nothinge tou∣ched that it signifyeth vppon the indispo∣sition of the spyrites, throughe whiche some sadnes is wonte to happen in the spirite and the selfe same they declare of the bloud For when it doth offende in the lyke or in asmuche, then doth he thinke to see redde and ayeryal matters, and what soeuer is pleasaunte to beholde so that a Page [unnumbered] hote and moist qualitye is prognosticated vppon the motion or indisposition of the same, and then doth it in lyke sorte either touche the whole body, or but parte, And the lyke is to be sayde of choller, when as it semeth to hym to see cytrene or fyerye matters, or contentions. And the flewme in lyke sorte, when as it seemeth to him to see the whyte, watrye, glasse, or clammye, and other lyke proportioned matters to that humoure, wyth the fore∣sayde consideration. And allthoughe these maye perhappes yelde to the place of the signes yet by them may not the bo¦dely or inwarde nor premitiue causes bee founde, oute of these, as by the same ap∣peareth. in that they do depend of the go∣uermente of the sixe naturall thinges by which they be knowne without the drea∣mes, and of the first also, in that seldome when wee doo dreame, wee dooe then see those touched, excepte, that when they do foreshew the harde expressions or proper∣ly the nightmare by whiche are wonte to bee prognosticated the sicknes named A∣poplexiae. And many also of these which as they say do cōmonly happen to health Page [unnumbered] full parsons, withoute sicknes folowing Neither do the sayings declare the cause for somuche as it is manifest that the sub∣till vapour of bloude, or flewme euer hea∣ted by laboure or sicknes may cause drea∣mes to shew of choller, wt in dede beareth not sway in the body, or els is sone resol∣ued or fumeth away.
But if you demaund why they do fore∣shewe choller, when as a man in sleepe feareth to fall, or thinketh to haue fallē?
The reason is, for that when the same is subtill and of a swift motion, doth then in dispose the spirites. and letteth the mo∣tiue spirites to proporcionate the space be∣twene the bounde, from whiche, and vnto whiche. But the falling either is a discō∣tinuation, or not without these, for that wakinge a man dothe not onelye fal, but throwe himselfe headlong downe, which regardeth not to discende by the ordina∣rye steppes.
Also other phisicions do reduce mens dreames, vnto the inward or bodily cause but these rather do happen of the effectes or cares of the spirite begon in the daye tyme, and they are besydes diuers in di∣uers Page [unnumbered] persones, because, not al personnes occupyed aboute the same, lyke as y• occu∣pyer & idle person, the smith, or hus•and∣man, whereof the selfe same forme dothe shewe one thinge to one person as to the couetouse man, an other thinge to the ly∣beral person, or Musician, another thing to the healthfull, & an other thinge to the sick. Wherfore if it should be so graūted, that the phisition by the argument of the humour rulyng may argu the temperat∣nes or distēperatenes of nature, and vnto the more whiche eyther trouble or helpe, but these contrary of beastes in y• by time do diuers desires aryse of which cā no fir∣me or certayne rule bee giuē but are wōt as it is said to be aplied vnto those which eyther we are by nature, or custome, or by immoderat desire inclined but if those shoulde haue an outewarde cause, then might they signifye many matters vpon the yssue of the busines of ye hap to come, but the signe of this is, as whē dreaming he remayneth after wandringe & amased because the significations thē do not lack which also may be applied to the hauing inward cause of humours. But the cause Page [unnumbered] of the admiration, is either proceedinge through the newe accesse of the outwarde kynde because they happen not customa∣bly, or els when the humour ouer muche ruleth or excedeth in the bodye.