A caueat o[r warening, for [?]] common cursetor[s vulgarely called [?]] vagabones, set forth by Tho[mas Harman, Esquier, for the [?]] vtilitie and profit of his natur[all countrey. Newly augmented and [?] en]larged by the first author [...] the tale of the second ta[...] crank, with the true [...]or, and also his puni[...] dissembling, most [...] hearer or reader [...]
Harman, Thomas, fl. 1567.

¶ A Upryght man, Cap. 2.

Page  [unnumbered]A Upright man the second in secte of this vnsemely sort must be next placed of these rainging rablement of rascales, some be seruing men, artificers, and laboring men, traded vpp in hus∣bādry: These not minding to get their liuing with the sweat of their face, but casting of all payne, wil wander after their wicked maner, through the most shyres of this realme.

As Sommerset shyre, Wyll shyre. Barke shyre, Oxforde shyre, Harforde shyre, Myddilsex, Esse, Suffolke, Northfolke, Suffex, Surrye, and Kent, as the chiefe and best shyres of reliefe. Yea not without punishment by stockes, whyppinges, and imprisonment, in most of these places aboue sayd: yet notwithstandinge they haue so good lyking in their lewde lecherous loyteringe, that full quick∣lye all their punishmentes be forgotten. And repentaunce is neuer thought vpon, vntill they clyme thrée trées with a ladder. These vn∣rewly rascales in their roylinge, disperse them selues into seuerall companies, as occasion serueth, sometime more and sometime lesse. As if they repayre to a poore husbandmans house, hée will go alone or one with him, and stoutely demaund his charitie, eyther shewing how he hath serued in the warres and their maymed, eyther that he seeketh seruice and sayth he would be gladde to take payne for hys lyuinge, althoughe he meaneth nothing lesse: If he be offered anye meate or drinke, he vtterly refuseth scornefullye, and will nought but money, and if he espye yong pygges or poultry, he well noteth the place, & then the next night or shortly after, he wil be sure to haue some of them, which they bringe to their stawlinge kens, whiche is their tippling houses, as well knowen to them according to the olde prouerbe (as the begger knows his dishe.) For you must vnderstand euery Typplyng ale house will neither receiue them or their wares but some certayne houses, in euery shyre, especially for that purpose, where they shalbe better welcome to them, then honester men For by such haue they most gayne, and shalbe conuayd eyther into some loft out of the way, or other secret corner not common to any other, and thither repayre at accustomed tymes their barlotes which they terme mortes and Dores, not with emty hands, for they be as skil∣full in picking, riffling & filching, as the vpright men, and nothing inferior to them in all kinde of wickednes, as in other places heraf∣ter they shalbe touched. At these foresaid pelting penish places and vnmanerly meetings, O how the pottes walk about, their talking tounges talke at large: They howle and howse one to anther, and for the tyme bowsing belly chere. And after their ruysting recreatiō Page  [unnumbered] if there be not rome ynough in the house, they haue cleane straw in some barne or backe house nere adioining, where they couch comly togither, as it were dogge and byche, and he that is hardyest mays haue his choyse, vnlesse for a litlte good maner, some wil take their owne that they haue made promyse vnto vntill they be out of sight, and accordinge to the olde adage (out of minde) Yet these vpright men stand so much vpon their reputatiō, as thei wil in no case haue their wemen walke with them, but seperate themselues for a time, a moneth or more. And mete at fayres or great markets where they mete to pilfer and steale from staules, shoppes, or boothes. At these fayres the vpright men, vse commonly to lye, & lingar in hye wayes by lanes, some prety way or distance frō the place, by which wayes they be assured that company passeth still to and fro, and there they will demaund with cap in hand and comly curtesye, the deuotion & charitie of ye people. They haue ben much lately whipped at fayrs. If thei aske at a stout yemans or farmers house his charity, thei wil goe strong as thre or foure in a company: where for feare more then good will they often haue reliefe, they seldome or neuer passe by a Iuststes house, but haue by wayes, vnlesse he dwell alone, and but weakely manned, thither will they also goe strong after a slye suttle sorte, as with their armes bounde vp with kercher or lyste, hauinge wrapt about the same filthy clothes, eyther their legges in such ma∣ner be wrapped halting down right, not vnprouided of good codgils, which they cary to sustayne them, and as they fayne to kéepe dogges from them, when they come to such good gentlemens houses, if any searthe be made or they suspected for pilfering clothes of hedges, or breaking of houses which they commonly do, when the owners bée eyther at the market, church, or other wayes occupied about their busines, eyther robbe some sely man or woman by the hye way, as many times they do. Then they hygh them into wodes, great thic∣kets, and other ruffe corners where they lye lurking three or foure dayes togyther, and haue meate and drinke brought them by theyr mortes and Dores: and whyle they thus lye bidden in conert, in the night they be not idle neither as ye common saying is (wel occupied) for then as the wyly fore, creping out of his den, seketh his praye for pultery, so do these for nnen and any thing else worth money, that lyeth about or nere a house. As somtime a whole buck of clothes ca∣ried away at time. When they haue a greatter booty, then they may cary away quickly to their stawlinge kennes as is aboue said, they will hyde the same for a thre dayes in some thicke, couert and Page  [unnumbered] in the night time cary the same lyke good water Spannels to their foresayd houses, to whom they will discouer where or in what pla∣ces they had the same where the markes shalbe picked out cleane, & conuayd craftely far of to sell if the mā or woman of the house want money themselues: and if these vpright men haue nether mony nor wares, at these houses they shalbe trusted for their vitalles and it a∣mount to twenty or thirty shillinges: yea if it fortune any of these vpright men to be taken, either suspected or charged with fellony or pety brybrye don at such a time or such a place, he will saye he was in his hostes house. And if the mā or wyfe of that house be examined by an officer, they boldely vouche that they lodged him such a time, whereby the truth cannot apeare. And if they chance to be retained into seruice, through their lamentable wordes, with any welthy mā they will tary but a small time, eyther robbing his maister, or some of his fellowes. And some of them vseth this policy, that althoughe they trauaill into all these shyres aboue said, yit will thei haue good credite, especially in one shyre, where at diuers good farmers houses they be well knowne, wher thei worke a moneth in place or more and will for that time behaue themselues very honestly & paynfully. And may at any time for their good vsage haue woorke of them, and to these at a dead lift or last refuge, thei may safely repayre vnto, & be welcom, when in other places for a knacke of knauery that they haue plaid thei dare not tary. These vpright mē wil sildom or neuer want, for what is gotten by any Morte or Dore, if it please him hée doth commaund the same: and if he mete any begger, whether he be sturdy or impotent, he will demaund of him whether euer hee was stalled to the roge or no. If he say he was, he will know of whom, & his name y stalled him. And if he be not learnedly able to shew him the whole circumstance thereof, he will spoyle him of his money, ei∣ther of his best garment if it be worth any money, and haue him to the bowsing ken: which is, to some typpling house next adioyninge and layeth ther to gage the best thing that he hath for twenty pence or two shillings: this man obeyeth for feare of beating. Then dooth this vpright man call for a gage of bowse, which is a quarte potte of drinke and powres the same vpon his peld pate, adding these words I. G. P, do stalle thee W. T. to the Roge, and that from hencefoorth it shalbe lawfull for thee to Cant, that is to aske or begge for thi li∣uing in al places. Here you sée y the vpright man is of great auctority for all sortes of beggers are obedient to his hests, and surmounte•• all tothers in pylfring and stealing. ¶ I lately had standinge in my Page  [unnumbered] wel house which standeth on the backeside of my house a great caw∣dron of copper being then full of water, hauinge in the same halfe a dosen of pewter dishes well marked and stamped wt the conzance of my armes: which beeinge well noted when they were taken out were set a side, the water powred out, and my caudron taken a way, being of such bignes that one man vnlesse he wer of great strength was not able far to cary the same. Notwithstandinge the same was one night within this two yeares, conuayed more then half a myle from my house, into a commen or heth, and ther bestowed in a gret firbushe. I then immediatly the next day sent one of my men to Lō∣don and there gaue warning in Southwark. Kent strete, & Barm sey streat, to al the Tynckars there dwelling, that if any such Cau∣dron came thither to be sold, the bringar therof should be stayed, and promised twenty shillings for a reward. I gaue also intelligence to the watermen that kept the erres that no such vessell should be ey∣ther conueyed to London, or into Essex, promising the lyke reward, to haue vnderstanding therof. This my doing was well vnderstand in many places about, and that the feare of espying so troubled th conscience of the stealer, that my Caudron lay vntouched in y thick firbushe more then halfe a yere: after which by a great chaunce was found by hunters for connes: for one chaunced to runne into y same bushe where my caudron was, and being perceyued, one thrust hys staffe into the same bushe & hyt my caudron a great blow, the sound whereof dyd cause the man to thinke and hope that there was some great treasure hidden, wherby be thought to be the better whyle hée lyued. And in further searching he found my Caudron, so had I the same agayn vnloked for.