The original, proceedings and successe of the Northren domestical and forren trades and traffiques of this Isle of Britain from the time of Nero the Emperour, who deceased in the yeere of our Lord 70. vnder the Romans, Britons, Saxons, and Danes, till the conquest: and from the conquest, vntill this present time, gathered out of the most authenticall histories and records of this nation.
Ordinances, instructions, and aduertisements of and for the di∣rection of the intended voyage for Cathay, compiled, made, and deliue∣red by the right worshipfull M. Sebastian Cabota Esquier, gouernour of the mysterie and companie of the Marchants aduenturers for the discouerie of Regions, Domini∣ons, Islands and places vnknowen, the 9. day of May, in the yere of our Lord God 1553. and in the 7. yeere of the reigne of our most dread soueraigne Lord Edward the 6. by the grace of God, king of England, Fraunce and Ireland, defender of the faith, and of the Church of England and Ireland, in earth supreame head.
A compendios and briefe declaration of the iourney of M. Anth. Ienkinson, from the famous citie of London into the land of Persia, passing in this same iourney thorow Russia, Moscouia, and Mare Caspium, aliâs Hircanum, sent and imployed therein by the right worshipfull Societie of the Merchants Aduenturers, for discouerie of Lands, Islands, &c. Being begun the foureteenth day of May, Anno 1561, and in the third yere of the reigne of the Queenes Maiestie that now is: this present de∣claration being directed and written to the foresayd Societie.
A Commission giuen by vs Thomas Randolfe Ambassadour for the Queenes Maiestie in Russia, and Thomas Bannister, &c. vnto Iames Bassendine, Iames Woodcocke and Richard Browne, the which Bassendine, Woodcocke, and Browne we appoint ioyntly together, and aiders, the one of them to the other, in a voyage of disco∣uery to be made (by the grace of God) by them, for searching of the sea, and border of the coast, from the riuer Pechora, to the Eastwards, as hereafter followeth Anno 1588. The first of August.
BREVIS COMMENTARIVS DE ISLANDIA: QVO SCRIPTORVM DE HAC Insula errores deteguntur, & extraneo∣rum quorundam conuitijs, ac calumnijs quibus Islandis liberiùs insultare solent, occurritur: per ARNGRIMVM IONAM ISLANDVM.
COMMENTARII DE ISLANDIA INITIV M.
Cete grandia instar montium prope Islandiam aliquando conspiciuntur, quae naues euertunt, nisi tu∣barum sono absterreantur, aut missis in mare rotundis & vacuis vasis, quorum lusu delectantur, lu∣dificentur. Fit aliquando, vt nautae in dorsa cetorum, quae Insulas esse putant, anchor as figentes, sae∣pe periclitentur, vocantur autem eorum lingua Trollwal, Tuffelwalen. i. Diabolica cete.
A BRIEFE COMMENTARIE of Island: wherin the errors of such as haue written concer∣ning this Island, are detected, and the slanders, and reproches of certaine strangers, which they haue vsed ouer-boldly against the people of Island, are confuted. By Arngrimus Ionas, of Island.
The miraculous victory atchieued by the English Fleete, vnder the discreet and happy conduct of the right honourable, right pru∣dent, and valiant lord, the L. Charles Howard, L. high Admirall of England, &c. Vpon the Spanish huge Armada sent in the yeere 1588. for the inuasion of England, toge∣ther with the wofull and miserable successe of the said Armada afterward, vpon the coasts of Norway, of the Scottish Westerne Isles, of Ireland, of Spaine, of France, and of England, &c. Recorded in Latine by Emanuel van Meteran in the 15. booke of his history of the low Countreys.
THE SECOND VOLVME OF THE principall Nauigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoueries of the English nation, made to the South and South∣east quarters of the world, within the Straight of Gibraltar, with the Directions, Letters, Priuiledges, Discourses, and Obseruations incident to the same.
Remembrances for master S. to giue him the better occasion to informe himselfe of some things in England, and after of some other things in Turkie, to the great profite of the Common weale of this Countrey. Written by the fore∣sayd master Richard Hakluyt, for a principall English Factor at Constantinople 1582.
The voyage of M. Ralph Fitch marchant of London by the way of Tripolis in Syria, to Ormus, and so to Goa in the East India, to Cambaia, and all the kingdome of Zelabdim Echebar the great Mogor, to the mighty riuer Ganges, and downe to Bengala, to Bacola, and Chonderi, to Pegu, to Iamahay in the kingdome of Siam, and backe to Pegu, and from thence to Malacca, Zeilan, Cochin, and all the coast of the East India: begunne in the yeere of our Lord 1583, and ended 1591, wherein the strange rites, maners, and customes of those people, and the exceeding rich trade and commodities of those countries are faithfully set downe and diligently described, by the aforesaid M. Ralph Fitch.
THE SECOND PART OF THIS Second volume containing the principall Nauigations, Voyages, Traffiques, and Discoueries of the English nation, made to the South and Southeast quarters of the world without the Straights of Gibraltar, namely to the Ilands of Madera, and of the Canaries, to the kingdome of Barbarie, to the Iles of Capo Verde, to the riuer of Senega, to the coast of Ghinea and Benin, about the cape of Buona Esperansa, and so to Goa in the East Indies, and likewise beyond cape Comori to the Iles of Nicubar, to Sumatra, to the chanell of Sincapura ouer against the city of Malacca, and to di∣uers other places.
A voyage with three tall ships, the Penelope Admirall, the Marchant royall Viceadmirall, and the Edward Bonauenture Rereadmirall, to the East In∣dies, by the Cape of Buona Speransa, to Quitangone neere Mosambique, to the Iles of Co∣moro and Zanzibar on the backeside of Africa, and beyond Cape Comori in India, to the Iles of Nicubar and of Gomes Polo within two leagues of Sumatra, to the Ilands of Pulo Pinaom, and thence to the maineland of Malacca, begunne by M. George Raymond, in the yeere 1591, and performed by M. Iames Lancaster, and written from the mouth of Ed∣mund Barker of Ipswich, his lieutenant in the sayd voyage, by M. Richard Hakluyt.
A large testimony of Iohn Huighen van Linschoten Hollander, concer∣ning the worthy exploits atchieued by the right honourable the Earle of Cumberland, By Sir Martine Frobisher, Sir Richard Greenuile, and diuers other English Captaines, about the Isles of the Açores, and vpon the coasts of Spaine and Portugall, in the yeeres 1589, 1590, 1591, &c. recorded in his excellent discourse of voiages to the East and West Indies. cap. 96. 97. and 99.
table of contents
¶ A general Catalogue diuided, according to the methode obserued in this present volume, into 14. special branches, briefly conteyning all the Voyages, Nauigations, Traffiques, and Discoueries of the English nation, and (where they haue not bne, or not perfectly discouered) of strangers, within the said volume intreted of, which haue been perfrmed to euery part of America hitheto knowen or discouered by any Christian: whereunto are annexed in their due and proper places, all the Patents, discourses, ruttiers, letters, aduertisements, instructions, obser∣uations, and other particulars incident or belonging to the foresaid Voyages.
A Catalogue of diuers English voyages, some intended and some performed to the Streights of Magellan, the South sea, along the coasts of Chili, Pe∣ru, Nicaragua, and Nuéua Galicia, to the headland of California, and to the Northwest thereof as farre as 43. degrees, as likewise to the yles of the Ladrones, the Philippinas, the Malucos, and the Iauas; and from thence by the Cape of Bu•na Esperanza and the yle of San∣ta Helena (the whole globe of the earth being circompassed) home againe into England.
THE ENGLISH VOYAGES, NAVIGATIONS, and Discoueries (intended for the finding of a Northwest pas∣sage) to the North parts of America, to Meta incognita, and the backe∣side of Gronland, as farre as 72 degrees and 12 minuts: performed first by Sebastian Cabota, and since by Sir Martin Frobisher, and M. Iohn Davis, with the Patents, Discourses, and Aduertisements thereto belonging.
THE VOYAGES OF THE ENGLISH NATION TO NEVVFOVND LAND, TO the Isles of Ramea, and the Isles of Assumption otherwise called Natiscotec, situate at the mouth of the Riuer of Canada, and to the Coastes of Cape Briton, and Arambec, corruptly called Norumbega, with the Paents letters, and aduertisements thereunto belonging.
A report of the voyage and successe thereof, attempted in the yeere of our Lord 1583 by sir Humfrey Gilbert knight, with other gentlemen assist∣ing him in that action, intended to discouer and to plant Christian inhabitants in place conuenient, vpon those large and ample countreys extended Northward from the cape of Florida, lying vnder very temperate Climes, esteemed fertile and rich in Minerals, yet not in the actuall possession of any Christian prince, written by M. Edward Haies gentle∣man, and principall actour in the same voyage, who alone continued vnto the end, and by Gods speciall assistance returned home with his retinue safe and entire.
CERTAINE VOYAGES CONTAINING THE Discouerie of the Gulfe of Sainct Laurence to the West of New∣foundland, and from thence vp the riuer of Canada, to Hochelaga, Sa∣guenay, and other places: with a description of the temperature of the climate, the disposition of the people, the nature, com∣modities, and riches of the soile, and other matters of speciall moment.
The Voyage of Iohn Francis de la Roche, knight, Lord of Roberual, to the Countries of Canada, Saguenai, and Hochelaga, with three tall Ships, and two hundred persons, both men, women, and children, begun in April, 1542. In which parts he remayned the same summer, and all the next winter.
CERTAINE VOYAGES TO FLORIDA, AND the later and more perfect discoueries thereof, to wit, of all the Seacoasts, Riuers, Bayes, Hauens, Isles, and maine landes farre vp into the Countrey, and a report of some colonies and fortes there planted and displanted, with a description of the gouernment, disposition and qualitie of the naturall inhabitants, and a declaration of the temperature of the climate, and of the manifolde good commodities found in those regions.
SVNDRY VOYAGES MADE FROM Nueva Galicia, and Nueua Viscaia in new Spaine, to the 15. Pro∣uinces of new Mexico, and to Quiuira and Cibola, all situate on the backeside of Guastecan, Florida, and Virginia, as farre as 37. degrees of Nor∣therly latitude: with a description of the riuers, lakes, cities, townes, nations, fertile soyle, and temperate ayre in those partes; and most certaine notice of many exceeding rich siluer∣mines, and other principall commodities.
DIVERS VOYAGES MADE BY ENGLISH∣men to the famous Citie of Mexico, and to all or most part of the other principall prouinces, cities, townes and places throughout the great and large kingdom of New Spaine, euen as farre as Nicaragua, and Panama, & thence to Peru: together with a description of the Spaniards forme of gouernment there: and sundry pleasant relations of the maners and customes of the natural inhabitants, and of the manifold rich commodities & strange raricies found in those partes of the continent: & other matters most worthy the obseruation.
A notable discourse of M. Iohn Chilton, touching the people, maners, mines, cities, riches, forces, and other memorable things of New Spaine, and other prouinces in the West Indies, seene and noted by himselfe in the time of his trauels, continued in those parts, the space of seuenteene or eighteene yeeres.
THE PRINCIPAL VOYAGES OF the English Nation to the Isles of Trinidad, Margarita, Dominica, Deseada, Monserrate, Guadalupe, Martinino, and all the rest of the Antilles; As likewise to S. Iuan de Puerto rico, to Hispaniola, Iamaica and Cuba: and also to Tierra firma, and all along the coast and Islands therof, euen from Cumana and the Caraco• to the neckland of Dariene, and ouer it to the Gulfe of S. Michael and the Isle of Perles in the South sea: and further to Cabeça Catiua, Nombre de dios, and Venta de cruzes, to Puerto Belo, Rio de Chagre, and the Isle of Escudo, along the maine of Beragua, to the Cape and Gulfe of the Honduras, to Truxillo, Puerto de cauallos, and all other the principall Townes, Islands and harbours of accompt within the said Gulfe, and vp Rio dolce falling into this Gulfe, aboue 30. leagues: As also to the Isle of Coçumel, and to Cape Coto•he, the towne of Campeche, and other places vpon the land of Iucatan; and lower downe to S. Iuan de Vllua, Vera Cruz, Rio de Panuco, Rio de Palmas, &c. within the bay of Mexico: and from thence to the Isles of the Tortugas, the port of Hanana, the Cape of Florida, and the Gulfe of Bahama homewards.
The first voyage attempted and set foorth by the expert and vali∣ant captaine M. Francis Drake himselfe, with a ship called the Dragon, and another ship and a Pinnesse, to Nombre de Dios, and Dariene, about the yeere 1572, Written and recorded by one Lopez Vaz a Portugall borne in the citie of Eluas, in ma∣ner follow: which Portugale, with the discourse about him, was taken at the riuer of Plate by the ships set foorth by the Right Honourable the Earle of Cumberland, in the yeere 1586.
CERTAINE SPANISH LETTERS INTER∣cepted by shippes of the Worshipfull Master Iohn VVattes written from diuerse places of the Islandes and of the maine land as well of Nueua Espanna, as of Tierra Firma and Peru, containing many secrets touching the aforesaid Countreys, and the state of the South Sea, and the Trade to the Philippinas.
A briefe note of a voyage to the East Indies, begun the 10 of April 1591, wherein were three tall ships, the Penelope of Captaine Raimond, Ad∣mirall, the Merchant royall, whereof was Captaine, Samuel Foxcroft, Viceadmirall, the Edward Bonauenture, whereof was Captaine, M. Iames Lancaster, Rereadmirall, with a small pinnesse. Written by Henry May, who in his returne homeward by the West Indies suffred shipwracke vpon the isle of Bermuda, wherof here is annexed a large description.
A voyage of the honourable Gentleman M. Robert Duddeley, now knight, to the Isle of Trinidad, and the coast of Paria: with his returne home by the Isles of Granata, Santa Cruz, Sant Iuan de puerto rico, Mona, Zacheo, the shoalds called Abreojos, and the isle of Bermuda. In which voyage he and his company tooke and sunke nine Spanish ships, wherof one was an armada of 600 tunnes. Written at the request of M. Richard Haklu•t.
A voyage of Master VVilliam Parker of Plimmouth gentleman, to Margarita, Iamaica, Truxillo, Puerto de Cauallos situate within the bay of Honduras, and taken by sir Anthony Sherley and him, as likewise vp Rio dolce: with his returne from thence, and his valiant and happie enterprize vpon Campeche the chiefe towne of Iucatan, which he tooke and sacked with sixe and fity men, and brought out of the harbour a Frigat laden with the kings tribute, and surprized also the towne of Sebo.
THE DISCOVERIE OF THE LARGE, RICH, and Beautifull Empire of Guiana, with a relation of the great and golden Citie of Manoa (which the Spaniards call El Dorado) and the Prouinces of Emeria, Aromaia, Amapaia, and other Countries, with their riuers adioyning, Performed in the yeere 1595 by Sir Walter Ralegh Knight, Captaine of her Maiesties Guard, Lorde Warden of the Stanneries, and her Highnesse Leiutenant generall of the Countie of Corne-wall.
THE TWO FAMOVS VOYAGES HAPPILY perfourmed round about the world, by Sir Francis Drake, and M. Thomas Candish Esquire, together with the rest of our English voyages intended for the South Sea, the kingdomes of Chili, Peru, the backe side of Nueua Espanna, the Malucos, the Philippinas, the mightie Empire of China, though not so happily perfourmed as the two former: Whereunto are annexed certaine rare obseruations touching the present state of China, and the kingdome of Coray, lately inuaded by Quabacondono the last Monarch of the 66. princedomes of Iapan.
CERTEINE RARE AND SPECIAL NOTES most properly belonging to the voyage of M. Thomas Candish next before described; concerning the heights, soundings, lyings of lands, distances of places, the variation of the Compasle, the iust length of time spent in sayling betweene diuer places and their abode in them, as also the places of their harbour and anckering, and the depths of the same, with the obseruation of the windes on seuerall coastes: Written by M. Thomas Fuller of Ipswich, who was Master in The desire of M. Thomas Candish in his foresaid prosperous voyage about the world.
The letters of the Queenes most excellent Maiestie sent in the yere 1596 vnto the great Emperor of China by M. Richard Allot and M. Thomas Bromefield marchants of the citie of London, who were embarqued in a fleet of 3 ships, to wit, The Beare, The Beares whelpe, and the Beniamin; set forth principally at the charges of the honourable knight Sir Rober• Duddeley, and committed vnto the command and con∣duct of M. Beniamin Wood, a man of approoued skill in nauigation: who, together with his ships and company (because we haue heard no certaine newes of them since the moneth of February next after their departure) we do suppose, may be arriued vpon some part of the coast of China, and may there be stayed by the said Emperour, or perhaps may haue some treacherie wrought against them by the Portugales of Macao, or the Spaniards of the Philippinas.