The newe iewell of health wherein is contayned the most excellent secretes of phisicke and philosophie, deuided into fower bookes. In the which are the best approued remedies for the diseases as well inwarde as outwarde, of all the partes of mans bodie: treating very amplye of all dystillations of waters, of oyles, balmes, quintessences, with the extraction of artificiall saltes, the vse and preparation of antimonie, and potable gold. Gathered out of the best and most approued authors, by that excellent doctor Gesnerus. Also the pictures, and maner to make the vessels, furnaces, and other instrumentes therevnto belonging. Faithfully corrected and published in Englishe, by George Baker, chirurgian.
Gesner, Konrad, 1516-1565., Hill, Thomas, b. ca. 1528., Baker, George, 1540-1600.
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BRIDGEWATER LIBRARY
[bookplate]

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¶ The newe Iewell of Health, wherein is contayned the most excellent Secretes of Phisicke and Philo∣sophie, deuided into fower Bookes. In the which are the best ap∣proued remedies for the diseases as well inwarde as outwarde, of all the partes of mans bodie: treating very amplye of all Dystillations of Waters, of Oyles, Balmes, Quintessences, with the extraction of artificiall Saltes, the vse and pre∣paration of Antimonie, and potable Gold. Gathered out of the best and most ap∣proued Authors, by that excellent Doctor Gesnerus. Also the Pictures, and maner to make the Vessels, Furnaces, and other Instrumentes therevnto be∣longing. Faithfully corrected and published in Englishe, by George Baker, Chirurgian.

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ALCHYMYA

Printed at London, by Henrie Denham.

1576.

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VERO NIHIL VERIVS
[blazon or coat of arms]

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¶ To the Right Honourable, Vertuous, and his singular good Lady, the Noble Coun∣tesse of Oxeforde. &c. your humble seruaunt wisheth long lyfe, prosperous health, and dayly encrease of Honour.

IT IS VVRITTEN (RIGHT Honorable and my singular good Lady) that Philip King of Macedonia reioy∣ced greatly vvhen his sonne Alexander vvas borne, bicause his Empyre shoulde not lacke a gouernour after his death, but herein he reioyced much more, that his sonne vvas borne in the time of A∣ristotle that learned Philosopher, by vvhome he vvas taught and instructed ten yeares: And in lyke maner it fareth novv vvith me, as vvith the King of Macedonia, and no lesse is my ioye▪ than the delight of that mightie Prince. Herein I doe reioyce, that this vvorke of Dystillation is novve finished to the profite of my coun∣trie, vvherein great studie and long labour hath bene earnestly bestovved. But I reioyce much more that it is finished in the time of you my Honourable, vertuous, and good Ladie, to vvhose lear∣ned vevve and fauourable protection I offer this Booke, as a due testimonie of my seruiceable heart, and as some fruites of my poore paynfull studie and practise, vvishing that it vvere in value coun∣teruayle able to the condigne demerites of your so Honourable ex∣pectation, so as euery lyne, in respect of my loyaltie, might supplye a nevve Iewell for your Nevve yeares gift, albeit, you haue no neede of Golde and Ievvels, abounding honourably in all riches: Notvvithstanding, this booke maye be truely termed the nevve Iewell of health, vvhich before this daye vvas neuer seene or published abroade by anye other man. This nevve Iewell vvyll make the blynde to see, and the lame to vvalke. This nevv IewellPage  [unnumbered] vvill make the vveake to become strong, and the olde crooked age appeare yong and lustye. This nevve Iewell vvill make the foule seeme beautifull, and the vvithered faces shevve smoothe and fayre, yea, it vvill heale all infirmities, and cure all paynes in the vvhole bodie of man. VVhat is it to haue landes and houses, to abounde in siluer and golde, to be decked vvith Pearles and Dia∣mondes, yea, to possesse the vvhole vvorlde, and lacke health the principall Ievvell. Not vvithout cause therfore Agamemnō the vvyse and famous Captaine of the Greekes did highly esteeme and revvarde Machaon and Podalirius, by vvhose cunning skill in Chirurgerie, thousandes vvorthie Creekes vvere saued alyue, and healed, vvhich else had dyed and perished. But vvhy doe I here name Agamemnon, or the Grekes, vvhen as no age can be vvith∣out Phisicke, no person can lyue vvithout Chirurgerie, no countrie can mysse these noble mysteries. VVherefore I at this time to plea∣sure my countrie and friendes, haue published this nevve Iewell vnder your Honourable protection, that it maye more easily bee defended against Sycophants and fault finders, bicause your vvit, learning, and authoritie hath great force and strength in repressing the curious crakes of the enuious and bleating Babes of Momus charme.

Your honours humble & obe∣dient seruaunt. George Baker.

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¶ George Baker to the Reader.

GEntle Reader, although I haue giuen the onset to publish in our owne naturall tongue, this most excel∣lent worke of Distillation, for which cause, it should not be the lesse estéemed, although some more curious than wyse, estéeme of nothing but that which is most rare, or in harde and vnknowne languages. Certainly these kynde of peo∣ple cannot abyde that good and laudable Artes shoulde be common to many, fearing that their name and practise should decay, or at the least shoulde diminishe. The intension truely of such persons séemeth much like them which gape for all, and woulde all haue, leauing nothing to anye body, but that which they must néedes forgo, not considering that we are not borne for our selues onely, as Plato sayth, but for the profite of our countrie. Surely, if that I did not feare to be to long in this Preface, I would prooue howe all Artes and sciences may be published in that tongue which is best vnderstanded: as for example, Hippocrates, Galen, Paulus Aegineta, Aecius, were Grecians, and wrote all in the Gréeke, to the perfect vnderstanding of their countrie men. Also Cornelius Celsus being a Latinist, wrote in the La∣tie. Auicen and Albucrasis, Arabians, wrote in the Arabicke tongue. The eternall fame of which worthye men shall neuer be extinguished or drow∣ned in obliuion, nor their noble works for euer be out of remembrance. For what man is as yet aliue that euer was able to counteruayle them, yea the best learned in our dayes, doe most hyest estéeme of them aboue all, without whose, workes all Phisitions in the worlde be but blynde, and not able to make any perfite Arte. Peraduenture some will obiect and saye, that if we were without their works, there are other of later wryters which shoulde suffice. To the which I will aunswere, that they haue written nothing, but that their grounde was first layde by them, & further, as M. Iohn Canape D. of Phisicke sayth, I wyll giue them this gyft, except they first reade Hip∣pocrates and Galen, they shall neuer vnderstande what they reade, nor make any perfect worke. Therefore not without good cause Guido calleth Galen the lanterne of light. And nowe in these our dayes, we sée howe other Na∣tions doe followe their examples. For what kinde of science or knowledge euer was inuented by man, which is not nowe in the Italian or French▪ And what more prerogatiue haue they than we English men (of the which many learned men haue made sufficiēt proofe within thse few yeres, fully to furnish & satisfie our Nation with many goodly works.) For our English is as méete & necessary for vs, as is the Greeke for the Grecians, though in the translation we be constrayned to make two or three words sometyme for one. For if it were not permitted to translate but word for word, thē I say, away with all translations, yt which were great losse to the cōmon weale, conside∣ring that out of one language into another haue ben turned many most excel∣lent works, the which the best learned haue both receyued & approoued to the Page  [unnumbered] singular commoditie of all men. And among all the workes which haue bene translated into our natiue tongue, I doe thinke concerning the matter, there was neuer the lyke to this as yet. For herein you shall learne the manner to separate by Arte the pure and true substance as well manifest as hidden, the which in Phisicke is a great helpe to the taking away of diseases, harde or rebellious to be cured. And moreouer, that by the Chimicall Arte, those medicines which are harde and hidden, their forces and vertues are plainly manifested and prooued, and the grosse iuyce being mingled with the sub∣till and fine substance, are thereby digested and separated, as we may sée by the drawing of the oyle of Golde, Iron, Copper, or Tynne. Also by Distil∣lation are corrected the malignitie or venimous qualities therof, as in oyles of Quicksiluer, of oyle of Vitrioll, Antemonie, artificiall Saltes, and ma∣ny other purging medicines. Furthermore, we sée plainely before our eyes, that the vertues of medicines by Chimicall distillation, are made more vail∣able, better, and of more efficacie than those medicines which are in vse, and accustomed. In tryall of the which, we doe daily prooue to our great credite, and our pacients comfort. For make tryall betwéene the one and the other, and you shall sée that the decoctions, Iuices, Syrupes, or such lyke, shall ne∣uer come neare to the dystilled waters, Oyles, Balmes, artificiall Salts, and extraction of Rootes, leaues, flowers, and fruites, of woode, Barkes, Gummes, Mettals, and such others, so that two or thrée drops of the oyle of Sage doth more profite in the Palsie: Thrée droppes of the oyle of Cor∣rall for the falling sickenesse: Thrée drops of the Quintessences of Perle for the Sincope or swounding: Thrée droppes of the oyle of Brimstone or Turpentine for the Astmatikes: One droppe of the oyle of Cloues, for the colde payne in the téeth: Thrée droppes of the oyle Ammoniacke for the dis∣eases of the splene: One dramme of the water of the oyle or salt of Guaia∣cum, for the French poxe. One dram of the oyle of Walwort for the goute: Thrée droppes of the oyle of Iron for the Dysenteria, or other whyte fluxes: Thrée droppes of the oyle of Crystall for the stone: Thrée droppes of the oyle of Cloues or Baye berries for the Cholicke: Thrée droppes of the oyle of Antimonium for the Leprosie, doth more than one pound of those decoctions not dystilled. And another thing is to be noted, that the diseased people, principally those which are delicate, doe detest all things which doe not agree to their myndes, and delight not onely in the pleasantnesse of the taste, but also the sight of the eye, and the littlenesse of the quantitie of the medicine, the which I thinke, no man will denie. But this I will say, that thorowe the fire there is some hote qualitie in the medicine, but that qualitie is easie to be corrected, as in the administring of them are plainlye taught. Peraduenture some in the sight of the furnaces, and other vessels wyll bee lothe to meddle with so busie matters, as the preparing of the Mettalles, and drawing of Quintessences. For the which looke what excellent medi∣cine any standeth in néede of, there be in this Citie which are most excellent in the preparing or drawing of any of them, to whom if you resort, they will Page  [unnumbered] faithfully deale, among whome none to be dispraysed. I doe know some most excellent, as one mayster Kemech an Englishe man dwelling in Lothburie, another, mayster Geffray, a French man dwelling in the Crouched friers, men of singular knowledge that waye, another named Iohn Hester dwel∣ling on Powles wharfe, the which is a paynfull traueyler in those matters, as I by proofe haue séene, and vsed of their medicines to the furtheraunce of my Pacients healthes, and also one Thomas Hyll, who for his excellent knowledge in this Arte, is not to be left out, who dyd also take paynes in this worke, but before it coulde be brought to perfection, God tooke him to his mercie: There are yet others excellent men, which for breuitie I leaue at thys present. so finishing this my simple Preface, desiring God to further the studie of all those which faithfully and truely meane in the exer∣cyse of this so noble an Arte, desiring all those which shall finde any fault, that they will friendlye admonishe me thereof, or else to note them in the margent of their owne bookes for their priuate vse and commoditie, till such time as it shall be new printed agayne, and then if it shall please them to giue me their olde Bookes so corrected, I will deliuer them newe for them. And as for those finde faultes, which will doe nothing themselues, I wey them not, for I had rather be seruiceable to my Countrie, than to please some particular persons, as the Lorde doth knowe, who ru∣les and guydes vs all in the right way. Amen. From my house in Bartholmewe lane beside the Royall exchaunge in London, this xxj. day of Februarye. 1576.

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¶ The Table contayning the chiefe and principall secretes in this Booke, drawne after the order of the Alphabet.

    The .ix. Chapter.
  • BAlneum Mariae. Folio. 5.25.
  • Balneum Mariae after a newe maner. 32.33
  • The broth of a Capon. 79
  • Balme dystilld. 122
  • Balme artificiall. 123
  • Balme dystilled in a Retort. 126
  • Balme magistrall. 126
  • Mother of Balme simple. 127
  • Balme of Rome. 127
  • Philosophers Balme. 128
  • Balme of Hermes. 128
  • Balme maystriall. 129
  • Balme ayle marueylous that cureth all maner of wounds. eodē
  • Balme oyle singular drawne out of Waxe & Turpentine. eodē
  • Balme oyle singular that forthwith easeth & helpeth the gout. 130
  • Balme perfect helping the colde gout. eodem
  • Balme of a certaine Empericke. eodem
  • Balme of a certaine Englishman. eodem
  • Balme of a marueylous vertue in tremblings & the Palsie. eodē
  • Balme precious helping the Palsie. &c. 131
  • Balme otherwise after a certaine composition. 135
  • Balme borowed out of the secretes of Gabriell Fallopio. 137
  • Balme borowed out of the same Author. eodem
  • Balme voc. Christes Balme borowed out of the learned practises of Theophrastus Paracelsus. eodem
    The x. Chapter.
  • Balme artificiall curing all olde woundes, and helping drynesse of members. 138
  • Balme dystilled, helping and curing wounds & déepe vlcers. 139
  • Balme artificial for the healing of woundes, borowed out of the Italian secretes. 140
  • Balme artificial helping & putting away the scars of wounds. 142
  • Balme voc. a Gréekes balme. eodem
  • Page  [unnumbered]Balmes which are applyed and vsed without the bodies, of which some are prepared and done by dystillation, and some without dystillation.
    Chapter .xj. Of the Balmes not dystilled.
  • Balme curing woundes. 143
  • Balme of manye vertues, but it doth peculiarly close and heale newe woundes. eodem
  • Balme otherwyse made, to the same purpose. 144
  • Balme otherwyse to the same purpose, out of the secretes of Ga∣briell Fallopio. eodem
  • Balme otherwyse of Tarquinius Stenellenbergius. eodem
  • Balme receiuing al those which are required to ye true balme. eod.
  • Balme otherwyse of the same mans. eodem
  • Balme seruing vnto all newe and olde woundes. eodem
  • Balme not dystilled seruing vnto all vlcers and wounds. eodem
  • Balme otherwyse not dystilled. eodem
  • Balme in woundes of the bones, borowed out of the practises of Theophrastus Paracelsus. 145
  • Balme artificiall prepared and made without dystillation, that auayleth in woundes, and cureth them, without ingendring or procuring of matter. &c. out of a certaine Empericks booke. 147
  • Balme otherwyse out of the same booke approued. eodem.
  • Balme otherwyse of the same mans not to be contemned. eodem
  • Balme voc. Noble Balme. eodem
  • Balme otherwise helping members shrunke. 148
  • Balme otherwise auayling in woundes. eodem
    The fourth booke The xij. Chapter.
  • Borace how it is confect, vsed at Venice as a singular secret. 239
  • Borace made by a singular form borowed out of a frēch book. eod.
  • Borace at this day in vse with the Goldsmithes. eodem
  • Borace otherwyse composed out of the same rule. eodem
  • Borace made by a perfect waye, borowed out of a Goldsmithes booke of fame with vs. 240
  • Borace another way well lyked, and to be put in vse. eodem
  • Borace in paste a speciall way. eodem
  • Page  [unnumbered]Borace in speciall maner, and that is made perfect good vnto all iudgements. eodem
    D.
  • DIstillation what it is. Fol. 1
  • Distillation whereof it came. 4
  • Distillation and their differences. 5
  • Distillation with the instruments. 8.11
  • Dystilling in the Sunne. 23
  • Distilling by ascention. 24
  • Distilling in Balneo Mariae. 25.26
  • Distilling by sande. 27
  • Distilling by dung. 28
  • Distillation by discention. 31
  • Distilling waters out of beastes, &c. 76
    F.
  • FVrnaces. 12
  • A rare forme or figure of the Alcumistes. 31
  • Fylter and the distillation. 33
    G.
  • Glasses and the facioning of them. 8
    H.
  • Heate necessarie to dystillation. 9
    L.
  • Lute of wysedome. 35
    O.
  • OYles in generall. 115
  • Oyles drawne by distillation. 116
  • An Instrument for drawi•• out of oyles of herbes, rootes. &c. 118
  • Oyles by dystillation of boy•••g water. 118
  • Oyles by an Iron or Woode prsse. 119
  • Oyle of Cloues. 119
  • Oyle of Spikenarde. 120
  • Oyle of Garden Spike. 120
  • Oyle of Nutmegges. 120
  • Oyle of Cinnamon. 120
  • Oyle of yelkes of egges. 120
  • Oyle seperated from water. 121
  • Page  [unnumbered]Oyles and their vse. 122
  • Oyle of Balme. 122
    The thirde booke The ix. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Balme drawne out of Waxe and Turpentine, which drieth and mightily pierceth where the same is applyed. 129
  • Oyle or Balme, borowed out of the practises of Petrus de Alba∣no. eodem
  • Oyle or Balme that the lyke is not to be founde, against trem∣bling, the Crampe, drawings, conclusions, and the astonying of partes or members. 131
  • Oyle seruing vnto sundry diseases hauing ye vertue of a balm. 132
  • Oyle compounde, borowed out of Aristotle. eodem
  • Oyle or water, which is named of vertue, & a drink of youth. eod.
  • Oyle vocat. holy oyle, which is very singular vnto diuers dysea∣ses. 133
  • Oyntment thinne, or a lyniment, which in vertue may be com∣pared vnto a Balme. 134
  • Oyle marueilous and deuine, borowed out of the practises of Leo∣narde Fiorauant. 137
  • Oyle preseruing the bodie in safetie a long time, and sharpening or quickening the witte. eodem
  • Oyle vocat. a blessed oyle for wounds hapning on the head. eodem
  • Oyle precious for wormes where euer they be. 138
    The x. Chapter.
  • Oyle distillled helping the trembling or shaking of the hands. 139
  • Oyle effectuous & pr•••ed for sotning of ye sinewes or Palsie. eod.
  • Oyle the best seruing vnto all the sinewes, & vnto the ioynts. eod.
  • Oyntment helping sinewes cut a sunder. eodem
  • Oyle for the Canker and Fistula. 140
  • Oyle or water of great efficacie in healing woundes. eodem
  • Oyle voc. a blessed oyle for woundes out of the secretes of Fallo∣pio. eodem
  • Oyle of great efficacie and power in the closing of woundes, sin∣gular and experienced. eodem.
  • Oyle singular, helping the griefe and payne of the sinewes and Page  [unnumbered] ioyntes. eodem
  • Oyle or oyntment sharpening the witte, and increasing memo∣rie, out of Fumanellus. 141
  • Oyle helping the Goute, borowed out of a written booke. eodem
  • Oyle marueylous in the Palsie, and shrinking of sinewes, the falling sickenesse, and the Crampe. eodem
  • Oyle of many vertues, but auayling specially in woundes, boro∣wed out of the secretes of Fallopio. eodem
  • Oyle hauing the properties of a Balme, borowed out of a written booke. 143
    Chapter .xj.
  • Oyle supplying the properties of a Balme in the curing of woun∣des, borowed out of a written booke. eodem
  • Oyle curing the pricking of the sinewes, and woundes, of a prac∣tisioner vnknowne to the Author. 145
  • Oyle compound, prooued many times, helping spéedily such as be poysoned. eodem
  • Oyle the best for the helping of scrosses newe begunne, especially in children. eodem
  • Oyle or certaine great lycour of the famous Gréeke Leonarde Fiorauant. 146
  • Oyle secret and experienced, that healeth the legges vlcered, and all other vlcers as well olde as newe, except▪ &c. eodem
  • Oyle precious compared to golde, in that the same cureth all the euils of the legges and sinewes cut. &c. 147
    Chapter .xij. Intreateth of Oyles gotten out of Flowers.
  • Oyle of Spyke. 148
  • Oyle of cōmon Spikenard, which is brought out of France. eod.
  • Oyle of flowers of Veruascum. eodem
  • Oyle made or drawne of the flowers of Tapsus Barbatus. eodem
  • Oyle of Saint Iohns worte. eodem
  • Oyle of Hypericon learned of Iohn Tanwyler the yonger, a sin∣gular Chirurgian in the citie of August. 149
  • Oyle compounde of Hypericon, borowed out of the woonderfull practises of the Gréeke Leonarde Fiorauant. eodem
  • Oyle of Hypericon otherwise perfectly inuented by a singular chi∣rurgion of Padua, named Gabriell Fallopio. eodem.
  • Page  [unnumbered]Oyle of Hypericon by mastriall composition right profitable for woundes. &c. 150
  • Oyle of Orenge flowers. eodem
  • Oyle of Iasamin flowers. eodem
  • Oyle of Damaske Roses. eodem
  • Oyle of Roses by sunning. eodem
  • Oyle of Violets, howe it is prepared. 151
  • Oyle helping the spots of the face. eodem
  • Oyle of the Rosemarie flowers not distilled. eodem
    Chapter .xiij. of the Oyles drawne out of seedes.
  • Oyles by distillation drawne in sande, how they ought to be pre∣pared. eodem
  • Oyles out of séedes howe to prepare them. eodem
  • and howe to distill them. 152
  • Oyle of Annis séedes, howe it is prepared. 153
  • Oyle of Fennell helping the heade. eodem
  • Oyle of Cummin drawne. eodem
  • Oyle of Henbane séedes prepared in maner as the oyle of Roses, by the description of Rogerius. eodem
  • Oyle of compoundes, out of séedes procuring sléepe. 154
    Capter .xiiij. Oyles out of fruites.
  • Oyle of Iuniper berries, howe it is dystilled. eodem
  • Oyle drawne out not euill sauouring. eodem
  • Oyle boiled in a double vessel by cōfection of Mandrake aples. eod.
  • Oyle out of Bay beries. 155
  • Oyle out of Iuie berries. eodem
  • Oyle of Rape séede. eodem
  • Oyle out of the Onyon and Triacle prouoking sweate in the pe∣stilence. eodem
    Chapter .xv. Oyles out of Spices.
  • Oyle of Cloues, Nutmegs, Pepper, Mace, & Cinamon. 156
  • Oyle of Nutmegs taught by a certaine Emperice. eodem
  • Oyle of Nutmegs distilled most pleasant and swéete. eodem
  • Oyle of Mase. eodem
  • Oyle of Pepper. eodem
  • Oyle of Cloues prepared, howe. &c. 157
  • Oyle of Cloues that is as the Cloues it selfe, being hote and drie, Page  [unnumbered] in the thirde degrée. eodem
  • Oyle of Cloues written another way. eodem
  • Oyle of Cinamon, reade among the barkes, Libro .iij. cap. xviij. fol. 163. cap. xix. & fol. 165.
    Chapter .xvj. Of Oyles, Gummes, Teares, or lycours thicke∣ned or congealed, and Rosins.
  • Oyle of Masticke, how it is gotten. 158
  • Oyle out of Frankincence and Carabe. &c. howe. &c. eodem
  • Oyle of Mirhe that maintayneth the person long youthfull, and euen as the naturall Balme doth. 159
  • Oyle precious of Mirhe otherwise prepared, helping the aches and paynes of the Goute. eodem
  • Oyle of Beniamin by Arte made, a most pleasant and maruey∣lous oyle to be drawne. eodem
  • Oyle of Beniamin, howe it is made. eodem
  • Oyle of Beniamin otherwise well commended. 160
  • Oyle by distillation of Storax liquida, how it is made. eodem
  • Oyle of Ladanum, howe it is drawne. eodem
    Chapter .xvij. Of the Oyle of Turpentine.
  • Oyle of Turpentine dystilled. 161
  • Oyle simple of Turpentine. eodem
  • Oyle compounde of Turpentine. eodem
  • Oyle out of Turpentine Larigna marueylous against the shrin∣king of members, if members be annoynted with it. eodem
  • Oyle drawne out of Turpentine with Sage, preuayling against the Palsie of the members. eodem
  • Oyles dystilled of Gummes. 166
  • Oyle out of the ryndes of Nuttes. eodem
    Chapter .xx. Of the Oyle of Tartare, which is the drye lyes of wyne prepared.
  • Oyle of Tartare, borowed out of Gabriell Fallopio. eodem
  • Oyle of Tartar another way by the same Author. eodem
  • Oyle of Tartare auayling against the pushes or little wheales of the eyes. 167
  • Oyle of Tartare to be calcined on a sodaine. eodem
    Page  [unnumbered]Chapter .xxj. Oyles drawne out of woodes.
  • Oyle out of the woode Guaicum. eodem
  • Oyle out of the woode of the Ashe trée. eodem
  • Oyle out of the Iuye woode. eodem
  • Oyle out of the Iuniper woode, with the properties. 168
  • Oyle of Iuniper woode rectified, howe it is wrought. eodem
  • Oyle out of the small chippes or péeces of woode, which the Ger∣maines call Houelspon. eodem
    The .xxij. Chapter.
  • Oyles gotten out of paper, and the lynnen cloth. eodem
    The xxiij. Chapter.
  • Of the oyles out of beastes or their partes, togither with an E∣pistle of Arnoldus de villa noua, of mans blud distilled. 169.170
  • Oyle holy prepared of dade mens bones. 170
  • Oyle of bones helping the falling sickenesse. eodem
  • Oyle drawne out of the excrements of children. eodem
  • Oyle out of mans ordure. eodem
  • Oyle or distilled lycour gotten by discention, out of the Badger or Gray, 171
  • Oyle marueylous gotten out of the Beuer. eodem
  • Oyles distilled of egges, and experienced in many matters. eod.
  • Oyle out of egges, howe. &c. eodem
  • Oyle redde out of the yelkes of egges. 172
  • Oyle out of Honie a Quintessent drawne by Art of Distillation, which yéeldeth marueylous effecte▪ eodem
  • Oyle of Honie seruing vnto the colouring of heares. eodem
  • Oyle of fat Waxe drawne by Chimick or Chimistick Arte. 173
  • Oyle of Waxe that healeth the clefts and choppes of the hippes, and choppes or other sorenesse that happen vpon teates of wo∣men's breastes. eodem
  • Oyle of waxe miraculous & diuine that helpeth most diseases. eod
  • Oyle of Rosin simple, seruing vnto sundrie vses, how distilled. 174
  • Oyle of frogs right profitable to such as are payned of ye gout. eod
  • Oyle prepared and made of the redde serpent auayling agaynst scroffles. eodem
  • Oyle of Scorpions distilled against poysons, borowed out of a written booke. eodem
  • Page  [unnumbered]Oyle of Antes egges. eodem
    The xxv. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Antimonie, howe it is prepared. Fol. 175.176.177 178.179.180.181.182.183.
    The .xxvj. Chapter. Of the Antimonie prepared, with the iudge∣ment of the learned, and of the vse of it.
  • Of the Antimonie shyning like Glasse, with other practises ther∣of. 183.184.185.186
    The xxviij. Chapter.
  • Oyle out of Brimstone alone, as Brassanolus affirmeth, distilled and gathered, howe, &c. 186.187
  • By other Practisioners. 188.189.190.191
    The xxix. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitrioll, and of the making of it, out of Valerius Cordus in a maner. 191.192
    The .xxx. Chapter.
  • Of the true choosing of Vitrioll out of Valerius Cordus. 193
    The xxxj. Chapter.
  • Of the maner of séething the Vitrioll out of Cordus. 193
    The .xxxij. Chapter.
  • Of the maner of calcining of the Vitrioll. eodem
    The xxxiij. Chapter.
  • Of the making and forme of the furnace. 193.194
    The xxxiiij. Chapter.
  • Of the distillation of the Vitrioll. eodem
    The .xxxv. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitrioll infused by separation. 195
    The .xxxvj. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitrioll rectified. 195
    The .xxxvij. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitrioll what vertues it hath. 195
    The .xxxviij. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitriol being soure, how y same may be made swéete. 196
    The .xxxix. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitrioll separated. 196.197
    The .xl. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Vitriol sepatated, what vertues it hath, with sūdry other Page  [unnumbered] practices. Fol. 197.198.199.200.201.202.203.204.205.
    The .xlj. Chapter. Of Oyles out of Mettalles.
  • Oyle of Copper, learned of a French Empericke. 205
  • Oyle out of Iron. eodem
  • Oyle out of Stéele. 206
  • Oyle of Litarge. eodem
  • Oyle drawne out of Lyme. eodem
    The xlij. Chapter. Of preparing of the oyle of Amber, by the description of a singular Phisition of Germanye, which freely also described the historie of the whole Amber, as ap∣peareth in the proper places.
  • Oyle of Amber, what it is. 206
    The .xliij. Chapter.
  • Of Amber what kynde must be chosen. eodem
    The .xliiij. Chapter.
  • Of the furnace and instruments necessary vnto the distillation of the Amber. eodem
    The .xlv. Chapter.
  • Of the distillation of the Amber. 207
    The .xlvj. Chapter.
  • Of the Rectification thereof. eodem
    The .xlvij. Chapter.
  • Of the vertue and vtilitie of the rectifed oyle. 207 & 209
    The .xlviij. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Tylestones, or oyle Benedick, hauing in it many ver∣tues, howe it is prepared. eodem
  • Of which there are specified to be xliiij. vertues. 209.210
  • Oyles of the saltes, and of herbes. 238
  • Oyle or oyntment of salt mightily auayling. &c. eodem
    The fourth booke The .xvj. Chapter.
  • Oyle of Golde singular. 251
  • Oyle of Golde of great secretes. 251.252
  • Oyle of Siluer. 256
    The .xviij. Chapter.
  • Oyle incombustible, howe it is made. 258
    S.
  • Sublyming what it is. Fol. 1
    V.
  • Vinegar dystilled. Fol. 40
    W.
  • WAters dystilled of all sortes. Fol. 41
  • Waters distilled of herbes. 44
  • Water of Walwort. eodem
  • Water of Imperatoria. 45
  • Water of the blessed Thistle. eodem
  • Water of Pellitorie of the wall. 46
  • Water of Yarrowe. eodem
  • Water of Angelica. eodem
  • Water of Nettles. 47
  • Water of Alkakengie. eodem
  • Water of Barberies. 48
  • Water of Brionie. eodem
  • Water of Bursa Pastoris. 49
  • Water of Camomyle. eodem
  • Water of Honysuckle. 49
  • Water of Centorie. 50
  • Water of Cheries. eodem
  • Water of Cheruill. 51
  • Water of Germaunder. eodem
  • Water of Stocke Gellyflower. 52
  • Water of Dragons. eodem
  • Water of Comfrey. eodem
  • Water of Quinces. 53
  • Water of Dodder. eodem
  • Water of Elicampane. eodem
  • Water of Eyebright. 54
  • Water of Beanes. eodem
  • Water of Filopendula. 55
  • Water of Fumitterre. eodem
  • Water of Garden Clarey. eodem
  • Page  [unnumbered]Water of Cloues. 56
  • Water of Broome flowers. eodem
  • Water of Gentian. eodem
  • Water of ioynted grasse. 57
  • Water of grounde Iuye. eodem
  • Water of Cowflippes. eodem
  • Water of herbe Robert. 58
  • Water of Horsetayle. eodem
  • Water of Hoppes. 59
  • Water of Henbane. eodem
  • Water of Hartes ease. eodem
  • Water of Iuniper berries. eodem
  • Water of woode Lillye. 60
  • Water of the Wylding r Crabbes. 61
  • Water of rotten Apples. eodem
  • Water of Peache flowers. eodem
  • Water of Mallowes. eodem
  • Water of Horehounde. 62
  • Water of herbe Mercurie. 63
  • Water of herbe Balme. eodem
  • Water of Bramble beries. eodem
  • Water of Mulberies. eodem
  • Water of Lillye. 64
  • Water of Hasill nuttes. eodem
  • Water of Walnuttes. eodem
  • Water of Palma Christi. 65
  • Water of Cinkefoyle. eodem
  • Water of Saint Iohns worte. eodem
  • Water of Pimpernell. 66
  • Water of Plantane. eodem
  • Water of Ribbewort. 67
  • Water of Polipodie. eodem
  • Water of Dasies. eodem
  • Water of Knottegrasse. eodem
  • Water of wylde Tansey. 68
  • Water of slfe heale. eodem
  • Water of Okeleaues. eodem
  • Page  [unnumbered]Water of the Willowe. 69
  • Water of Scabious. eodem
  • Water of Nightshade. 70
  • Water of Mullen. eodem
  • Water of Lynde. 71
  • Water of Tormentill. eodem
  • Water of Valerian. eodem
  • Water of Veruen. 72
  • Water of Fluellen. eodem
  • Water of Béeche trée. 73
  • Water of the Vine trée. 74
  • Water of Celondine. eodem
  • Water of Strawberies. 75
  • Water of mans bloude and mans ordure. 76
  • Water of a Capon. 77
  • Water of Dooues dung. eodem
  • Water of Swallowes. 79
  • Water for the Fistula. eodem
  • Water against the Leprosie. eodem
  • Water of Honycombe. 80
  • Water of Hydromell. eodem
  • Waters compounded and their vertues, of Leaues, Flowers, séedes, rootes, fruites, gummes, and woode. Fol. 81.82 83.84.85.86.87.88.89.90.91.92.93.94.95.96.97.98.99. &c.
    The thirde Booke. The .ix. Chapter.
  • Water compounde dystilled, called the lycour of youth. 130
  • Water precious and marueylous, which auayleth in woundes, vlcers, and Fistulaes. 131
  • Water secret of good account, which putteth away spottes, why∣teneth the skinne, takes away spottes, wrinckles, and pimples, causing a cleare and most comely face. 142
    The xj. Chapter.
  • Another. 145
    Chapter .xviij.xix.
  • Water of Cinueon howe to prepare. 163.164.165
    Page  [unnumbered]The xxiij. Chapter.
  • Waters twayne dystilled, of which the one serueth to cleare and beautifie the face, the other to the colouring and dying of the heares of a mans heade. 172.173
  • Water or lycour prohibiting or letting the ingendring of the stone. eodem
  • Water or lycour of Hony drawne by distillation. 173
    The fourth booke The first Chapter.
  • Water of lyfe howe to dystill it. 211
    The ij. Chapter.
  • Water of lyfe hauing instruments thereto incident, vsed by the best practicioners. 214
    The .iij. Chapter.
  • Water of lyfe to be distilled out of the lyes of wyne, and the in∣strument thereto described. eodem & 215
  • Water of lyfe, hauing also other instruments. eodem & 216
  • Water of lyfe so well simple as compounde, the diuers maners of distilling it. 217.218.219.220.221.222.223.224.225.226.227.288
  • Water voc. Aqua fortis, howe it is prepared. 254
    The xvij. Chapter.
  • Wynes with their seuerall vertues and confections, myxed after Arte, and the maner of vsing them. 256. & also .257
    The thirde booke. The xxiij. Chapter.
  • Iuyce or lycour pressd out of the hard yelkes of egges sodden. 172
    The fourth booke The .ix. and .x. Chapter.
  • Iuyces, and drawing of Iuyces out of herbes, simples and com∣poundes. 228.229.230.231.232.233.234.235
    The fourth booke The xj. Chapter.
  • Saltes burned out of the simples, and what the vse of them Page  [unnumbered] is. Fol. 236.237. & 238.
    The fourth booke The .xiij. Chapter.
  • Golde potable, and the dissoluing thereof, by the opinions of the Philosophers. 240.241.242
  • Golde potable dissolued, and the properties of the same. 242.243
  • With the description of making it. eodem & also .244
    The .xv. Chapter.
  • Golde potable against the Pestilence and all sicknesses. eodem
    The xvj. Chapter.
  • The maner and waye of making a potion like vnto potable gold, seruing to sundrie sickenesses. 245
  • Golde potable after the maner of the Alchimisters prepared. eod.
  • Golde potable, a diuine lycour. 246
  • Golde potable, borowed out of sundry preparatiues. 247.248 249.250.251. and .352.
  • Golde of lyfe, or pouder of the Sunne. 253.254.255
  • Siluer howe to prepare by the rule of the Alchimisters. 255
Finis Tabulae.
Page  [unnumbered]Page  [unnumbered]

¶ The first Booke of Dystillations, con∣tayning the most excellent secret remedies for all diseases, with the rare formes of many Vessels and Furnaces, seruing for Dystillations, liuely set forth in the same.

What Sublyming or Dystillation is, and what especially in the same ought to be considered. The first Chapter.

THe Arabians (if we may credite the learned Phisition Fumanellus) were first author & inuentors of the Arte of Sub∣lyming, which some doe name Drawing or Distilling, and others (as the Chymi∣stes) hauing regard and consideration to another end, doe terme the same, both the Chymick and Chimistick Arte: that is, a seprating and drawing of iuyces, and other moystures more subtill, out of the most kyndes of things. And they not only were first inuentors (al∣though the worthy man Mathiolus be of a contrarie opinion, that none of the auncient Phisitions left any monument of this Arte) but by their search, diligence, and long continuance of time, ende∣uoured to encrease the same with many worthy secrets, and other matters right profitable: and those to none other intent and end, than for the only health and benefite of man. But Dystillation, as wryteth Ioannes Langius in his Epystles, is the seperating and running forth of a subtill moysture. First, by the force of heat into a vapour, which hanging in the head, and thickeneth after by the colde ayre, is so caused to fall downe to the Chanell or Gutter of the heade, and from thence guided to runne vnto the nose, doth on such wyse dystill by drppes, into a narrowe mouthed Receyuer standing vnder. An other Chymist doth report, the Arte of Dis∣tilling to be none other, than onely a seperating of Elements, as the Ayre from Water, the water from fier, the fier from earth, and the pure from the impure, & to bring also those matters vn∣perfite, Page  [unnumbered] to a perfitenesse, through helpe of this Arte. The le••∣ned Cardanus defineth Dystillation to be a chaunging of bodyes into a thyner substaunc, the qualitie yet remayning, and the commodities of Distillation to be so great & many, that scarcely any thing can be found comparable to it, in that it seperateth the vnlyke parts, and deliuereth the worthyer from corruption: and those matters which are vnperfite, this by attenuating maketh perfite: also those which are deuided, doth this ioyne into one substance, both in qualities and properties, although the bodies be myxed. Besides, this Arte hath inuented many profitable & excel∣lent things for mans lfe: yea, the same in Phi••cke hath founde out rare & marueilous secrets, and of those greatly to be estéemed, if any prepare them orderly, and according to Arte. This mannr of dooing, doe some Chymistes terme by another ame, to sub∣lyme, which signifyeth no other matter, than to seperate the partes more lyght and thynne, from those heauyer and thicker, and the working of this requireth so to doe, that the bodyes or matters whose substaunce is impure and grosse, be 〈…〉 pure, fayre, and cleare, or the earthly partes euilly 〈◊〉 and conioyned, or otherwyse ouermuch confused, and shedde through all the substance of the Bodies, be drawne, gathered, and better fixed togither, in such maner, that those seperated by heate, eche may abyde a part at the bottome of the Lymbecke.

An other Chymiste (as it shoulde séeme of more experience) doth define this maner of working to sublyme, on this wyse, that the same (being a seconde degrée very principall vnto the ch••n∣ging of many naturall matters) serueth to seperate the thynne and pure partes, from the grosse and heauie substaunces, as Dis∣tillation doth: so that throgh this doing, is the aptest substance of the grosser Bodies extenuated and fyned, that is, the thyn∣nest, lightest, and purest part, from the superficiall matter, be∣ing next to the grosser substance of the Bodie, raysed and drawne vp to the heade by force of the heate: next to which, are those partes, that in purenesse nyghest agrée to the first substance: so that the thirde and last matter being both heauyest and grossest, and contayning the earthly parts in it, requireth then a mighty∣er force and stronger heate of fire, through which, the same so se∣perateth Page  2 and sendeth forth wholye all the liquide matter or sub∣stance yet remayning, which throughly drawne forth, there doth after remayne none other, than a substance wholy drye (muche like to ashes) in the bottome of the Cucurbite or Glasse body: In∣somuch that out of euery moyst substance, or Bodie by distillati∣on, there is a certaine crude or rawe waterishnesse, or rather Flegmaticke matter, at the first sent forth, next to which, by di∣ligence, is a substance drawne forth, rather better digested, and purer: and last, a matter of Oylynesse, drawne forth by the stron∣ger heate of fire: By which may euidently appeare, that not on∣ly out of massie partes, but euen out of Bones, by Sublimation, may a lyke matter be had and gotten: although certaine moyst partes there are so light, and thynne of substaunce, that these in a maner sende vp (by the heate of fire) their whole moysture and strength at the first drawing: Such moist substances and licours are gotten without ayde of the Sunnes heate, the fire, or any pu∣trifying, as through the dropping caused by a Lyste, or péece of Woollen cloth, cut and fashioned into the forme of a Tongue, which maner of dooing (the Chymistes name Fyltring) or other∣wise by a Spunge, Strayner, Ipocras bagge, fine Searse, rawe earthen Potte or Panne, through which anye moyst substaunce may eyther distill or droppe, as the lyke is thought and hath bene tryed by an Iuie vessell made of the woode for the onely purpose, through which, wyne soketh or distilleth, lyke to sweating drops, leauing behinde onely the water that tofore was myxt with the wyne, yet such a drawing of moystures or lycours, ought not properly to be named a Distillation, but rather the same maye rightly be termed a Distilling, when a Cucurbite or Glasse Bo∣die filled with Flowers, and set into Sande, doth by the mightie heate of the Sunne, yéelde forth a lycour or water, by little and little, into a receyuer, fastened or luted (after Arte) to the nose of the Lymbecke, which as Mathiolus wryteth, sauoureth neare to the smell of the Flowers, through the gentle and easie drawing of that heate: But if you mynde to distill a moyst substance or a∣ny other thing, in an Earthen, Tynne, Glasse, or Copper Bodie tynned within, set into a Furnace, then prepare before fine sifted sande or ashes, for your Bodie to stand in halfe couered (in a ma∣ner:) Page  [unnumbered] Or thus, let your Bodie be set into the Sande, that thrée partes appeare frée and aboue the Sande, and the heade to haue a long necked Receyuer, aptly luted or fastened to the Nose, that

[illustration]
the same retching a good distance from the heate of the fire, may thereby yéelde and sende forth the more plentie of moysture, drawne by force of heate of the fire, which raysed of the same into a vapour extenuated, and this agayne thickned through the cold∣nesse of Ayre compassing the heade, is on such wise conuerted in∣to a lycour, which from thence by droppes falling into the Cha∣nell or Gutter of the heade, doth so distill and runne forth by the Nose into a long necked Receyuer standing vnder, and this we properly name a Distillation: Or thus, Distillation (as writeth the former Fumanellus in his Booke of the Composition of Medi∣cines) is the drawing or running forth of a thynner and purer humour by little and little, or droppe by droppe, by force of the heate, out of the iuice or thicke substance contained in the Cucur∣bite, or other vessell, for the onelye purpose: through which, as by a certaine Boyling, is a separation and ascention, caused of many matters mixed togither, and the drawing forth sometimes of certaine secrete matters and hidde properties, into one speci∣all substance gathered and thickened into a water or other thinne Page  3 licour, properly in the heade, which, after distilling downe into the Receyuer, serueth for the commoditie and vse of sundrie griefes and sickenesses. Not vnlyke wryteth Iohannes Mesue, where he affirmeth that many matters of sundrie kyndes con∣teyned, and as they were congealed into one bodie, in the Cu∣curbite or Glasse bodie, are by force of the heate separated, in working, according to the industrie of the Chymistes, and Distil∣lers of Quintessence. And for troth such Ascentions, Distillati∣ons, or Sublimations of Bodies, are not wholy a water, nor tho∣rowly an oylie or vnctuous licour, but a certaine substance suffi∣ciently differing from the same matter, which tofore you had put and mixed togither, to be distilled. In this place it is not to be forgotten, nor ouerpassed, that this worde to Sublyme, may be vsed in an other signification with the Chymistes: as when they mention of Mercurie sublymed. &c. The signification of which, shall after at large be taught. And although yt in euery Distilla∣tion, many & diuers considerations are necessary to be learned, yet ought these two things to be specially regarded at all tymes of euery workman (which foreséene at the beginning of the work, that the industrious Artificer be diligent to compasse and bryng to an ende the same) the one is the matter which he myndeth to deale withall, as to finde and trie out of what condition the same is, and whether of hys owne nature it is proper to indure, or doe: The other is to such ende, that the worke which is pretended, may come to a good and happy successe: and then is required to choose and make readie, séemely and apt vessels. If the Dystiller will carefully consider and haue regarde vnto these two poyntes (as méete and right it is) then néedeth he not to doubt, but that he shall bring his worke vnto the same perfection and desired ende, which he hopeth after: For as in the vniuersall or generall na∣ture of thinges in this worlde, all Bodies are not made and for∣med indifferently of euery sort and condition of matter, nor the Craftesman can indifferently cut out & carue the ymage of Mer∣curie, of euery woode (as by many & singular reasons the learned Phisitions do perswade and prooue to vs) but all things are made & formed of a certayne matter, apt and proportioned to receyue a forme appointed, by the meanes & aide of many causes; euen so in Page  [unnumbered] this Chymicall Arte, it behooueth him which wyll drawe out of any matter, Oyle, or water, or any other lyke thing, that he a∣fore knowe the matter, if the same be such, as he maye hope to drawe forth of it, a Water or Oyle, or any other lyke thing: af∣ter to searche and choose those Instrumentes or vesselles for the worke, which séemeth apte•• for the turne, and according to hys desire: That if a man woulde Distill any matter, which is desti∣tute or lacking, the same moisture or licour that he searcheth and hopeth after: what is it any other thing (I pray you) than to de∣sire wooll from an Asses backe, or to wryng water out of a Pum∣myse stone, (which two, are well knowne) to be matters impos∣sible to be attayned. Wherefore séeing that all mixt Bodies, be constituted and formed of the foure Elements: and that among those, the one more partaketh of the Ayre, the other more of the water, some more of the fire; others more of the earth, according to the necessitie of ech compounde predominant and gouerning: for which cause it behooueth to regard, and diligently to consider in eche Bodie, what Element surmounteth the other: These well considered, it shall be an easie matter by force of the fire, to separate and drawe a water out of those substances, which are of nature waterie: as also with lyke easinesse it is possible to drawe an Oyle, by the Arte of Distillation, out of others that be of qua∣litie Aeriall or fierie: For the heate of the fire is such, that it ga∣thereth togither those things which are of like kinde and nature, & separateth such as be disagréeing. There be also many Bodies or substances that be earthly and drie, out of which, to draw a wa∣ter or Oyle, is not onely harde to be done, but is altogither im∣possible: yet are there some Bodies or substances, out of which, a water doth easilye distill, as all such matters which shall be moyste and waterie: Others there are, out of which, an Oyle may be drawne, but no water at all, as all those substaunces or Bodies, which be very tough and harde through drynesse.

Howe often the vertues of certaine substantiall partes are lost, or chaunged in the Distillations, and why that Distillation came but of later tyme into vse: this borowed of the learned Ioannes Langius.

Page  4

The seconde Chapter.

NO Person néedeth to doubt, that all Bodies which growe and take increasement in the earth, are compounded of diuers, and in a maner, infinite small parts (which ye Gréekes properly name Atomes) of the Elements, and that in those rest differing and contrarie ver∣tues: neuerthelesse, vnder one maner of forme of all the Bodies compounded: as the lyke appeareth, and is confirmed in that roote of Rubarbe, so much regarded and estéemed in all places, which doth both loose the Bellie, and bynde the same, yet this deliuereth and openeth the obstructions and stoppinges of the Liuer. The same also is knowne to be in the iuice of Roses, which purgeth the bellye of Choler, where contrarywise, the distilled water, and the drye powder of the leaues, doe bynde and harden the Belly: the lyke to this is found in the bitternesse of the nayles, or white endes of the leaues, which boyled and applyed vp in Glyster forme (after the mynde of the learned Mathiolus) doth mightily stay the fluxe of the Belly, and by giuing it to drinke, this healeth the perillous vlcers of the Lunges: The yelowe séedes within the Rose, and the heares hanging to them, boyled in Wyne, and drunke, doth staye (as he affirmeth) the styllings downe to the Gummes, and marueylously helpeth the running of the Whites in women. He also reporteth that the whole heads of the Rose sodden in Wyne, and drunke, helpeth the fluxe of the Bellie, and stayeth the spit∣ting or casting vp of bloude: the séedes within the peares of the Rose, are knowen (of experience) to be astringent, for which cause, the yelowe, and all the whole Peares sodden in wyne, doth greatly profite the fluxe of the Bellie, and such abundance of the Whytes in women, yea, marueylously stayeth the tedious Go∣norrhea, these hitherto Mathiolus. And is it not euidentlye séene and knowne, that the outwarde part of the Nettle procureth yt∣ching and burning, in that part of the bodie, as the same tou∣cheth: where contrarywise, the iuice drawen out of the inner substance, applyed on the arteries of the armes, doth refresh and Page  [unnumbered] coole the burning of the Feuer, or feuerous burning of the heart: Besides, dryed and brought into powder, and giuen to a maryed man to eate, causeth him after to loue dearely his wyfe and chil∣dren: and the same vsed, fortifieth the veneriall acte, and purgeth the Matrix in women, by the dayly eating in meate: yea, was∣shyng the Bodie with the decoction of it, mitigateth all paynes caused of colde, and healeth scabbes. And doe we not daylye vn∣derstande & sée, that out of one ••per Myne of the veyne vnder the grounde purchased, there 〈◊〉olten and separated in the Furnace, diuers kyndes of Mettals, that is, of Leade, of Siluer, Copper, & Golde, of which always the greater part is conuerted into Fumes. When therefore after in the Distillation, the gros∣ser and excrementuous partes abyde in the bottome of the Lym∣becke, then doe the Aereall vanysh into spirits, and the moysture thickened through the cooling of the couer or heade of the Lym∣becke, fall from the Gutter of the heade, and runne downe drop by droppe into a Receyuer standing vnder. It is not to be mar∣ueyled at, if distilled waters doe not yéelde their proper sauour, taste, and all other vertues, or but little that they ought, of those matters, out of which they are distilled. For which cause the lear∣ned Phisition Mesue reporteth, that the water drawne by distilla∣tion out of Roses, doth greatly comfort and strengthen: yet doth the same nor lyke loose and purge the bodie, as the iuice gotten out of the freshe Roses, or the infusion of them done after Arte, by reason that their subtill heate vanisheth with the fire. To these adde, that the hydde or secrete propertie which procéedeth of the forme (that the Phisitions terme particular) as in the Lode stone, Colocynthis, Scamonie, and others lyke, equally shedde throughout the whole substaunce of his subiect, insomuch that when the forces and vertues be lost of the other partes of the subiect, it cannot then retayne his proper strength, but that hys action and working perysheth: as by a lyke the water distilled by a Lymbeck of the Colocynthis, or Rubarbe, cannot then loose or purge the Belly: where the lycour at all times, or either of them infused for certayne houres, and ministred, will easily perfourme the lyke working. By the same maner, all herbes of a hote and drie qualitie, doe yéelde or giue forth in their Distillation, the best Page  5 waters of propertie, kéeping neuerthelesse their naturall heate and drynesse: but the herbes colde and moyste, doe not reteyne so well their coldenesse and moysture, by reason they attayne or purchase a certayne straunge heate of the fire of the Lymbecke, which abateth and taketh awaye from the waters their proper nature and vertue: so that the same water, which is distilled, doth not any thing reteyne, or but little of the nature and vertue of that simple, out of which it is distilled. Whereof it commeth to passe, that although the waters of Endyue, Lettuce, or Night∣shade, are accustomed or woont to coole: yet doe these alwayes performe the same but a little: where otherwyse, if these kept the proper qualities of the Herbes, from which they are distil∣led, woulde then greatly coole: to the ende that the Herbes, the same which are of temperature 〈◊〉, maye kéepe their proper qualities, they ought rather to be ••yled with a soft fire, and their decoctions ministred, when ••ede requyreth. If at anye time, the distilled waters are more agréeable and pleasanter in taste, than the decoctions of the Herbes: it behooueth to vnderstande, that these loose lesser of their moysture and coldnesse (in that they néede but a temperate fire) if they be distilled in the Furnace, na∣med

[illustration]
MARI. BALNEVM
Balneum Mariae, whose forme is here described to the eye, Page  [unnumbered] that commonly is made long, whereby the same may contayne many vessels, and hath sundrie doores, that the water may heate togither alyke: buylt also of small heygth, to the ende the water may be made hote with a smal fire: than if they were distilled in a dri Furnace, as in Sande, or Ashes: of which hereafter, shall further be vttered, whereas we mynde to intreate of the correc∣tion of Herbes. By the same discourse eche man may easily con∣ceiue and iudge, that all formes cannot wholy resist and doe their workings a long tyme in mixt bodies, if the qualities abyde not perfite and hole. For which cause, it is no marueyle, if the wa∣ters of Plants and Iuices, especiallye those which are distilled, by a drie heate of fire: doe disagrée, and seuer from the vertues of their Simples: which for troth more troubled, and mooued rather the skilfull to be abashed, than the ignoraunt Phisitions, and caused that a long tyme after it was, or they anye thing (to purpose) attempted to put in vse Distilled waters: yet others, for to recompence the default, which they knewe to be in them, sought out and practised many wayes, how and by what meanes these might best retayne and kéepe their vertues after the Dis∣tilling. But among the Arabians, the Noble Mesue first made mention of Sublimation or Distillation of ye waters of Worm∣woode and Roses. For, sayth he, water of Wormewoode is dis∣tilled after the maner as is out of Roses, and such lyke, which are done in vesselles of Sublimation. But in processe of tyme, when Rhasis, Serapio, and Auicen, had taken in hande the practise of Alchymie: then began these waters to be vsed in Phisicke.

Of the kyndes and differences of Distillations. The thirde Chapter.

FOrasmuch as we haue sufficiently vttered in the first Chapter, that the Bodies which we desire to separate by Distillation, are not of one nature and qualitie: yet it often commeth to passe, that some lightly suffer, and others resist mightilye, through the action of the causes agent, and these yéelde not, but by a great force and violence: so that not without Page  6 good occasion, the first inuentors of the Arte of Distilling, and their successors, which made a matter of the sayde Arte, deuised diuers kyndes of Distilling, according to the diuersitie of things proper to be distilled, by the meanes of which, they might the more easily come vnto the intended scope which they purposed. Agayne, séeing it is certaine, that for the diuersitie of the kyndes and fashions of Distilling, there néedeth diuers instrumentes proper and commodious to eche fashion of Distilling. Good rea∣son it is (in my opinion) that we intreate of the kyndes of Distil∣lations, before we make mention of the Instruments.

Séeing that euery Distillation is done by the resolution and separation of the substantiall partes, through the force of the outwarde heate: The Chymicke Authours haue purposed two wayes, and the rule certayne of the sayde separation. For they vnderstoode and knewe by reason and experience, that some Bo∣dies or substances, with greater payne doe yéelde or sende forth a lycour: and others more easilye, and with lesser traueyle. For which cause they inuented one maner verye easie, and another harder, and with greater payne, according to the necessitie and condicion of the matter or substaunce to be drawne. The one of

[illustration]
these they woulde to be done in the Discending, which the Latine Page  [unnumbered] Chymistes terme, per Descensum: the other in the Ascending, of the Latynes named per Ascensum: so that for eche of these, they gaue the same apte names. By this reason we saye in gene∣rall, that euery Distillation to be done in the Descending, or in the Ascending, so that eyther of these two wayes are to be applied idifferently to these things that a man woulde distill: and accor∣ding as eche person may herein be perswaded, after the capacitie of his wytte, or by experience. But the oftner Distillation that is exercysed in the Ascending, is done of the séedes of Herbes, which spread into bredth, bearing flowers & séedes, as the Annise, the Dill, the Fennel, & such others. In like maner of the fragrant and comfortable spices, the Teares, Gummes, Rosins, & lycors. For those which are done in the Descending, or by Discention, are the oyles drawen out of ye woodes of Iuniper trée, Aloe, Guai∣cum, Ashe, Tamaricke, Medler trée, Pyne trée. &c. although true it is, that sundrie waters are distilled into the Descending, or by Discention, as those of Roses, Flowers, and tender Herbes. &c.

Further, although that the Chymisticke Authors doe teache and shewe diuers fashions of Distilling by Ascention, yet maye all these ways & fashions be brought into thrée orders, according to the difference of the cause agent or efficient, which is heate.

The first maner is, when we distill any liquide substance or flowers in the Sunne by force of his heate. The seconde, when the Distillation is done, by force of the heate of fire. The thirde is perfourmed by the

[illustration]
heate, which consisteth in putrified and rotten matters or substaun∣ces, of which particu∣larlye, and by order, we shall after intreat.

First, the Distilla∣tion that is done in the Sunne, when the ves∣sell or Lymbecke of Glasse filled with the matter, which a man woulde distill, is set fully in the hote Sunne Page  7 on fine sifted Sande or Ashes hote, to the nose of which, is a re∣ceyuer hanging or fastened: But this maner of Distillyng in Englande and Germanie, and in colde Countries, cannot so well be perfourmed. Yet sundrie Chymistes are woont to prepare manye Oyles by Sunning, that is, by setting them in the hote Sunne, which perhaps maye more commodiouser be prepared and done by decoction, to the ende that the facultie and propertie of the Symples maye the better be drawne forth by a stronger heate.

Secondlye, there be manye maners and wayes of drawing forth waters and Oyles of compounde thinges, by the vehemen∣cie & force of the heate of fire. For eyther the thinges to be distil∣led, are put vp or closed simply in a Cucurbite or Retort (which are instruments of Glasse for distilling, beyng large at the bot∣tome) and set ouer the heate of fire: or the same substance closed

[illustration]
vppe in a Cucurbite or Glasse bodie, set into that Furnace na∣med Balneum Mariae, or else bestowed in sifted Ashes, or fine Sande, a desired Lycour is drawne forth, by force of the drye heate of fire put vnder. This maner of Distilling, as it is verye excellent, and euery where vsed: euen so is the same moste at large set forth, as in the instructions following, shall further be Page  [unnumbered] learned.

Thirdly, the forme of Distilling by Ascention, is done in Di∣stillatorie vessels, filled with the purposed medicines or substan∣ces, déepe set, or standing couered, in a heape or little hyll of newe pressed Grapes with the Kirnelles, or in the refuse of Olyues, after the Oyle pressed forth, or in Horse, or other Cattels dung. For by the rotten heate of any of these kyndes, being one and the selfesame continuall for certayne dayes. The Chymistes not on∣lye purge and separate their Quintessences, by a small labour and cost, but infuse in a Glasse bodie (with a narrowe necke and mouth, for a long tyme) their singular Medicines and Balmes, with Oyle, Aqua vitae, or other Lycoure, with which they af∣firme to cure diuers desperate diseases and sickenesses. They al∣so affirme by the sayde forme of Distilling, that certaine waters maye be attayned for the restoring of youth, and prolonging of lyfe, and I cannot tell what maner of Defensatiues, and worthy Drinckes (sayth Ioannes Langius in his Epistles) for expelling of the Plague, and all maner of poysons, to which as they gaue the name of Golde, or termed Golden: euen so they woulde those to be rewarded with gyftes of Golde. And these thrée manners of Distilling, may by good right be named Sublimations, bicause these make their vapors to ascende on high.

[illustration]

The other forme and maner of Distilling, which the Chymistes often haue in vsage, named of Al∣bertus by Discention, is wrought or done on this wyse, a round hole and déepe, must be dygged in the earth, after two Potts prepared, glased within for the onely pur∣pose, the vpper Pot, hauing ma∣nye small hoales in the bottome, and that filled wyth the matter or chyppes of the woode to be dis∣tilled, which after sette into the mouth of the nether Potte, stan∣ding in the grounde, luting dili∣gently Page  8 both Potes wyth a strong ue, made wyth the whytes of Egges, after the well drying, couer the nether Pot with earth vp to the brynke or edge, or higher if you wyll. Which done, make an easie fire at the first rounde about the vpper Potte with coales, or drie clouen woode, not smoking (least with too stronge a heate at the first, you drie vp much of the lycour or Oyle in the Dystilling, therfore increase the fire by little and little, vntill the worke be ended. For as soone as the woode or thyppes in the vp∣per pot shall be heated, the Oyle or lycour then beginneth to dis∣till through the little holes into the nether Potte. And by this maner or waye, de many at this day drawe out or dystill Oyles of the wood of Iuniper▪ Guaiatum; and other woodes shauen, as wryteth Langius. Besides these, we may not be ••noraunt, that there be sundrie other manners or wayes of Dytilling often in vse, as those which are wrought or done by Fylting, by a Spunge, by a Presse. &c. But of all these shall here no further be mentioned, but only touched by the way.

Of the Instruments or vessels which serue to the Dystillations. The .iiij. Chapter.

ALthough that all maner of Dystillations, may di∣uersly be performed, according to the iudgement and industrie of the Distillatour, and according to the pleasure and opinion of eche person: yet euer∣more the workman & Practiser, howe ingeniouser and better aduysed he shall be, so much the more carefully and diligently he ought to searche before all things, the same which he knoweth to be necessarie for the guyding and per∣fourming of the worke happily. And he shall in lyke maner weye, and consider in his mynde, what Instrumentes are for him more commodious for Dystilling, before that he taketh in hande or be∣gynneth the worke of Dystilling. Nowe of the Instrumentes, some are in generall, and for the same cause▪ require all one ma∣ner of Distillation, which is the heate. But the others are parti∣cular, appoynted onely to certaine fashions of Distilling, which Page  [unnumbered] are these, Infusion, Putrifaction, Fermentation, the Furnace, of sundrie kyndes, the diuers vessels of Glasse, of Earth, of Tyn, or other matter, and whatsoeuer there are of any other.

The maner of cutting your Glasses fitte for your purpose.

NOwe the easie way of cutting the neckes of diuers Glas∣ses, when néede requyreth, with the apt Instrumentes ser∣uing to that vse, shall hereafter appeare. First with that stone (which the Glasiers vse) being set into some handle, drawe about the necke of the Glasse, in the same place where you couet to breake it of. After the Instrument formed, hauing thrée or foure edges, accor∣ding

[illustration]
to the fi∣gure here des∣cribed) and the same made glowing hote, worke about the raced place vnto the time it be through hote. After by dypping your finger in water, and letting a droppe or two fall, the Glasse incontinent will cracke in the sayde place marked: and drawing after that instrument (which we haue a∣boue demonstrated) rounde about, you may lightly breake of the pece without daunger to the Glasse. The lyke of this haue I knowne to be wrought with a poynted Diamonde set in a Ring: but a waxed thréede was fastened about that place, by which (the Diamonde guided) shoulde runne, for the strayghter and euener racing of the Glasse, which done in such order, and the place heated hote rounde about with the flame of a waxe Candle, or o∣ther Candle, if a man will, was sodainlye cracked through the falling of a droppe or two of colde water, on the place marked. Another more easie waye to cut Glasse, haue I knowne experi∣enced with a bygge Wyer wreathed rounde at the one ende (like to a Ring) which heated glowing hote, and turned often rounde on the place marked, caused the Glasse (through his heating) by a droppe or two of colde water falling on it, to cracke about the sayde raced place. Some vse to breake off the necks of Retorts, Page  9 with a double waxed thréede twisted hard, and made in the forme of a Ring, which put harde on the necke, they heate the same rounde about with the flame of a waxe Candle, and by pouring a drop or two of water on the place, the Glasse is caused to cracke.

And some vse other Instruments lyke to those before descry∣bed, which heated glowynge hote, after they drawe sundrye tymes about the place of the Glasse raced, and doe the rest aboue taught.

If you couet to seale vppe or shutte close the mouthes of nar∣rowe necked Glasses, that no vapours or spirites maye breath forth, and that these maye appeare to be whole on euerye part, then prepare a little Furnace (lyke to this here descrybed) in

[illustration]
whose bottome let a Grate of Iron bee cout∣ched, wyth a hoale made in the side aboue the Grate, to thruste in the necke of the Glasse, and ret∣ching vp to the top of the Fur∣nace, set a strong payre of Tonges, and broade at the ende, which done, and the necke of the Glasse made hote, wryng with the glowing Tonges the Glasse togither, then sweating by occasion of the heate, which shall so be vnited at the top, as the same there were whole, or that it séemed lyke as it were closed togither in the Glasse makers shoppe.

Of the heate being the Instrument in generall, necessarie to all kyndes and formes of Distilling. The fift Chapter.

EVery Distillation is especially perfourmed and done by two wayes or meanes: as the first by heate and Drynesse, and Page  [unnumbered] the other by heate and moysture. And of both these, there are thrée degrées constituted: the first is of gentle heate, or of quali∣tie weake: the seconde more strong, yet with some mediocritie: the thirde heate is mightie and violent. Therefore it behooueth to gouerne the fire, and to moderate the same, according to the nature and qualitie that the skilfull may haue, of the thing or sub∣stance which he would distill: Herein not neglecting how much & howe little the seconde and thirde qualities are to be moderated. Wherefore those, which are of a tender and thynne substaunce, as the Lettuce, Endyue, Sorrell, Maydenheare, Harts tongue, and such lyke Symples, doe not endure a heate but moderate, and which is of the first degrée: those which are thick and grosse, and of a substance more firme and solide, as the Wormewoode, Mugwoort, Egrimonie, Sothernwoode, the Aromaticke things, the Spyces, and others lyke, require a heate more mightie. The Antimonie contrarywyse, and all kyndes of Mettals, desire one maner of fire. By the heate moderate, in the Distillation of Wyne, and all Herbes, doe the watrie partes ascende: but by the heate more mightie and violent, doe the thynner partes onely shewe, and the watrie tarie behynde. Further conceyue, that the flame it selfe as well as the Coales, doe not a little dif∣fer, not by reason only of the same being greater or lesser, but by occasion of the woodes rottennesse, or yll smelling, or otherwyse sounde and well smelling, gréene or dry. To these, the greatnesse or smalnesse of the Furnace: the forme and closing of it, hath a great force in chaunging or altering of the heate. The Coales al∣so made of smothered and halfe burnt woode, yéelde a certaine yll auour and straunge qualitie in the thynges distilled: as the lyke in boyling, and otherwyse preparing of matters with them is perceyued. For which cause the Coales ought to be thorow kyn∣dled, and halfe burnt, whereby the malignitie or yll sauour of them, maye (in the dooing) breath forth, before that anye matter be distilled with them, to be ministred especially into the Bodye, were the same outwarde applyed, it forceth not so much. There is as great a matter to be considered in the difference of Coales: for that the Coales made of the woode growing in the valleyes are supposed to be woorthyer and farre better, than those made of Page  10 the woode on the Hlles: and the woode in the valleys is the thyn∣ner, for which cause are the Coales the lyke, yet doth the fire lyghtly and soone waste all thynne matters. And in makyng the

[illustration]
best Coales, they ought not to be done vnder the Grounde (as the custome of many is) but made aboue the Earth, for that they burne better, and are more profitable. Also the Coales made of the Béeche, Birche, and Fyrre trée, are accounted best, for their swéeter and sooner burning, although Coles of the Iuniper trée, doe last farre longer, as of experience knowne: besides, the Coa∣les made of the Oke and Ashe trée, are not in cases of necessitie to be refused, especially where the store of the Béeche, and other trées are not. Moreouer, it behooueth the Distillatour to haue a speciall regarde and care about the bestowing of fire vnder hys vessels, that the same be not made of cleft woode halfe rotten, or euill smelling (as we haue aboue declared) nor of Coales smoo∣thered within a déepe pit or hole of the Earth, or euill burned, or of Coales gotten out of Caues, whether those be of Stone, or of Earth, for feare that the vessels of Distilling, and the lycours be not taynted and infected of their vapour, filthie and stynking. A lyke reason may be gathered, that if waters or Oyles be distil∣led with any of those, they after purchase a sauour and qualitie Page  [unnumbered] disagréeing, yea, farre vnlyke the substances that are to be dis∣tylled, as the same maye well be perceyued and tasted, by the matter boyled with any of them. Further, the Chambers, Par∣lours, Stoues, Hote houses, heated wyth such woode or Coales, doe sufficiently witnesse howe noyous and hurtfull such a vapour and sauour is, which not onely bryngeth an intollerable payne of the heade, but mooueth vomiting, and causeth passions of the heart, to those which be conuersant and abyde any tyme in such places: as I the lyke (sayeth the worthie Gesnerus) haue experi∣enced in my selfe, to the perill of my health, at the Bathes of Oenosponte, where I abode a certayne season with the Noble Prince Palatine. Of the lyke occasion Galene séemed worthilye to reprehende Erasistratus, which perceyued that the inhabitants of his Countrie to peryshe, through the ouermuch subtilnesse or thyckenesse of the ayre. He also learned and knewe that these came much sooner to their death, by reason of the excéeding déepe Caues and Pyttes of Charon, which breathed forth pestilent ex∣halations and vapors: or through their houses newlye plastered, and whytened with Lyme: or for the euill sauour of the Coales, which sent forth vapors verye daungerous: this out of Ioannes Langius. It is besides reported, that many are molested by the stynking sweate of the féete, after the shooes newly shyfted of in any close roome, whether the same be Parlour or Chamber: but affirmed to be more daungerous, where Coales burning in any close roume, breath forth a stincking sauour: yet some there are of a contrarie opinion, which suppose that neyther the fume, nor fauour of the Coales burning, can any thing harme nor alter the matters which a man distilleth, when the Cucurbite (or Glasse Bodie with his heade) is well luted and stopped rounde about, according vnto Arte: but that sooner the vapour may be annnoy∣ance to the Distillatour, and to those which gouerne the Distil∣lation, than to the matters which any distilleth.

Of the other Instruments particular. The sixt Chapter.

THere are other Instrumentes, by which the qualitie fie∣rye, is encreased, or diminished in the Distillation, whyche Page  11 is the cause that the Dystyllation is made or done, some∣tymes by meanes of the hote vapoure of boyling water, as Manardus in his Epystles instructeth: sometymes through the

[illustration]
elpe of boyling water, when as the Glasse bodie standeth in that Bath, named Balneum Mariae: sometymes by a drye meanes, as by sifted Ashes, fine Sande, small Stones finely grounde, fy∣lings, or drosse of soft mettals, sometymes by these thyngs mixed togyther, as when water is mixed with the Sande. In such ma∣ner the Distillation is not wholye wrought or done in the Bathe named Balneum Mariae, nor yet onely in Sande. There are some which wylleth a quantitie of sande to be myxed with the water of Balneum Mariae, to the intent the heate may be the greater, and more vehement: for in such a maner of Distillation, maye twoo waters be obtayned, as the first thynne and waterie, the other more redde and thycker, as the learned Mathiolus reporteth. To these it behooueth to note, that the Distillation which is done with the fine syfted powder of Bryckes or Tylestones, is the better and more sure of all others, according to the iudgement of some skylfull persons, for that it nourisheth and mayntayneth equally the heate, and breaketh not so lightly and soone the Glasse bodies: which two thyngs are verye necessarie in Distillations: But of Page  [unnumbered] all these varieties, we mynde at large to intreate in the particu∣lar Distillations, and to shewe in what, and when it is néedefull to vse nowe the one, and nowe the other meanes.

For the Distillation of matters, sometymes the infusion is necessarye, some∣times

[illustration]
the Putrifac∣tion, sometymes the grynding of things, and other lyke pre∣parations.

The infusions by whyche the dryer matters are prepa∣red to distill, for the more easie drawing forth the Water or Oyle: are done ey∣ther in simple wa∣ter labored, that is, running by pypes a long way: or in wa∣ter dystilled, or in water of Lyfe, or Wyne, or in water distilled of Herbes simply, or vinegar, or in any other lycour: on such wyse infused, let them stande and abyde in the hote Sunne, or on the fire, for the space of halfe an houre, or more houres, a whole night, a whole daye, twoo dayes, thrée dayes, one, or many Monethes, accordyng to the nature of the medicine, and diuers intention of the Phisition, and necessitie present. We wring out sometymes before the Di∣stillation the thyngs infused, and distill the lycour wrynged forth, or the same we distill in a Glasse body, or other like Instrument, the infusion altogither, that is, the same which is infused, and the lycour in which the infusion is made.

The waters and Oyles which are drawne forth of pleasaunt Spyces, ought to be done by infusion in simple water, not in Wyne, nor in Aqua vitae, for that these doe ouer spéedily ascende, and carie not with them the force and vertue of the Aromaticke Page  12 Spyces: but the simple water, (in a contrary maner) ascendeth not, without carying with it the Aromaticke vertue. Sometimes we put to putrifie the thyngs to be Distilled, and after that they

[illustration]
are putrified, we distill them: although that sometimes the same putrifaction is a kynde of Distillation, as we haue afore vttered, and shall after intreate more at large in the proper place.

The Fermentation of matters, is done after the maner of infusions, by an outwarde heate increased, which worketh into moysture, whereby a certayne common qualitie with the hote spirite causing bubbles, may be myxed and extended thorowout the whole bodye: and this eyther wrought in the Sunnes great heate at the Dogge dayes (if the Sunnes heate in the meane tyme, be not sufficient) or on the Furnace of Balneo Mariae, care∣fully gouerned, or in hote Horse dung. The Fermentation hath néede of many dayes, as of foure or more: and howe much the better shall the Fermentation and preparation be done, somuch the greater quantitie shall a man drawe forth of water or Oyle.

Of the Furnaces, Cucurbites, Heades of sundrieformes, Recey∣uers, and other Instruments in generall. The seauenth Chapter.

Page  [unnumbered]IT is not our determination nor purpose at this present to declare at length, but a part of the Instruments materiall, which serue for Chymistes workinges to Distill the water and Oyles: séeing that many Authors haue at large intreated of all these: It shall suffice vs to make mention of some more rare In∣struments in generall, and to set forth duers fashions of Distilling; not knowne to manye, as shall after ap∣peare in this first Booke.

The best and most commodious forme of a Furnace, among all others, is the same (which within) is rounde all about: whe∣ther the same be buylt into length and squarenesse, with a con∣uenient bredth, for the better contayning of sundrie bodies togy∣ther, or as many as you wyll. And after the maner of one, maye you frame sundrie furnaces of lyke condicion. For the buylding of this Furnace, whether it be one alone, or sundrie togither (to serue as well for Balneo, as Sande or sifted Ashes) it behooueth

[illustration]
to choose vnbaked Bryckes and Tyles, yet those very well dried and hardened in the Sunne, for that they are more tractable and Page  13 softer than the baked, and that a man maye better cutte them with the yron Trowell or lyke instrument, to frame them into what forme he will: the hollowe hole within (reaching to the grounde) ought to be so large as the Earthen Panne not baked, or of Copper, maye stande or hang to the bryncke in it, whose forme shall be broade aboue and narrowe beneath (after the ma∣ner
[illustration]
of the Iellyflower Potte with vs, hauing a large edge) the bottome of the Potte to staye or stande on a little barre fixed ouerthwart in the walles, and in eche corner a little hole for the breathing forth of the fume, as the lyke in all Fur∣naces are made: let the thyckenesse of the walles be framed more or lesse, ac∣cording as you shall thynke necessarye. For how much the thicker the compasse about, or walles shall be, so much the more heate they retayne wythin. The vnbaked Bryckes ought first to be layde in a moyst place, as in a Celler, to the ende that those maye more easily be cut and fashioned, with the edge of the Trowell, or some other apt Instrument of yron. The Bryckes ought so to be couched and layde one vpon another, that the ioynts (in the lying of them) méete not, but are vnequall, as the ende of one reaching to the myddle of another: for by the same maner couched, the buyl∣ding and walles shall be the stronger. The Bryckes and Tyles shall be ioyned or couched with Morter made of the fattest Cley, myxed with a quantitie of Woollen flockes (shoren off broade Clothes or Carsies) and newe Horse dunge well stamped togy∣ther, and that the Morter be tempered in water verye saltie, when any will vse and occupie of the same. A certayne Chymist teacheth another maner of making common Lute for the strong erecting of all maner of Furnaces, and the Philosophers tower, which is on this wyse. Take of Cley being clammie and tough, to which dde or put a little Sande or fyne Grauell, after myxe Woollen flockes and Horse dung, so much as shall suffyce, and labour diligently the whole togither, that the same maye rather be soft, than styffe or harde, and this he nameth a Lute common, Page  [unnumbered] for all Furnaces. The lute of wysedome, with which the Chy∣mistes dawbe their Glasse bodies, for to resist a mightie heate of fire, shall after be taught in that Chapter, where we mynde to intreate at large of all maner of Lutes for the distilling Instru∣ments. The forme of which long Furnace, beholde here vnder lyuely descrybed to the eye.

[illustration]

The description of another Furnace, to be vsed as well for Oyles, as other Lycours, and Mynerall waters done by Sub∣limation, which may on such wyse be buylt, that the samemaye be remooued from place to place, in any chamber, or other roome of the house: if the foundation of the vnbaked Brycke and Tyles be cowched on a square thycke Planckeboorde with foure féete, (marked with the letter G.) and the walles (of a sufficient thyck∣nesse) raysed two foote high, with Brickes mortered in the forme aboue taught. After this, that the roumes wythin be made, a foote distaunt one from the other. Which done, to make an Arch doore beneath, (marked with A.) where the Ashes falling from the Coales, may be drawen or gotten forth. Aboue the same (a foote distant) another doore made, (noted with this letter B.) ope∣ning Page  14 aboue the Grate, and the Grate figured with the letter D. on which the Coales ougth to lye, and the entrance of this doore néedeth to be no larger, than that a man maye hardlye thrust in his hande. Aboue this, that two small barres of Iron (marked with E.) be fixed a crosse, or but one onely, and those to serue for the stronger staying of the Panne or Potte. Towards the toppe in eche corner aboue (marked with F.) that foure ventes or brea∣thing holes be made, and into the largest hole in the middle (mar∣ked with H.) a Panne set (being broade aboue and narrowe be∣neath) reaching to the crosse barre, and the edge about mortered strongly, that no heate of fire passe forth, betwéene the heade of

[illustration]
the Panne and Furnace: after to poure into it wa∣ter, if a man myn∣deth to distill her∣bes, Rootes, or o∣ther tender thin∣ges. But contra∣rywise, Oyles or other matters, yt requyre a mygh∣tier heate: then to put in fine sifted Sande or Ashes, and to begynne your Dystilling. The forme of this Furnace seruing for one Cucurbite or Glasse body, is here liuely described.

Also if a man will builde a rounde Furnace, it behooueth him to place the vent holes about, to ryse from the bottome of the Panne, and the Cucurbite, of Glasse, Tynne, or thynne Copper well tynned within, to be set halfe full of lycour into the Panne, Page  [unnumbered] about which two or thrée narrow bands of leade to be hanged on with a cloth, that the Bodie start not vp through the moouing of the water. This done, laye two halfe couers of Leade (cutte iust in the myddes) in such maner, that these close in the Glasse bo∣die, whereby the heate of the séething water maye the commodi∣ouser abyde, and longer continue. On the bodye (being eyther Tnne or Copper) set on a Glasse head (which is accounted best) for the sight of the lycour, and the same so close about with fine Lynnen clothes, that no vapors at all may breath forth, and the Receyuer of pure Glasse set to it, that the water Distilling, may runne into it, being lyke luted to the nose of the Heade. And this kynde of Furnace wrought with water, is named Balneum Ma∣riae: but working with a drye heate (as in Ashes or Sande) there néedeth no such halfe couers to guyde or staye vp the bodye. The Cucurbite and heade may wholy be made of Tynne, which are more commodious, in that the Glasse bodye is lightly broken through heate, and to much colde. In

[illustration]
manye rounde Furnaces, the Grate hath eyght or nyne ouerthwart barres of Iron, that the Ashes may the cōmo∣diouser fall thorowe: and this Grate ought to be made according to the pro∣portion of the Furnace, that it maye a∣grée most aptlye to the roundenesse and largenesse of the same. The pan (whe∣thr the same be of Copper or Earth) ought to be of a lyke depth and breadth (although it shall be com∣modious, that the depth be somewhat more than the bredth) with a Pype standing out at the toppe, by which the hote water maye runne forth, without harme to the Furnace. And this Copper Panne ought so to be set into the Furnace, that it hangeth well a spanne distant from the Grate vnderneath.

The Tower of the Philosophers, is a Furnace that hardlye can be learned by wordes, nor by long wryting, wythout full sight of the same in the buylding: for if any happeneth to sée the whole making of it, yet maye he fayle to coceyue and vnder∣stande the secret consisting in it, in that there are many thynges Page  15 in it, framed and made after such maner, that a man may hard∣ly attayne to the knowledge of them. But to declare wholy (and to thende) howe the same is to be made, and that anye conceyueth this my wryting and demonstration, to his profite be it, and he that vnderstandeth not the same, to his harme be it. The maner of erecting and framing of the sayd Tower, is on this wyse, that the foundation be laide foure square with rawe or baked Bricks, on a playne and euen grounde, and thrée foote broade on euerye side, and that a hollowe space (in crosse maner) be left, to the bredth of a baked Bricke, and of heygth so much, as is the heygth of the sayde Bricke in largenesse set on edge: and this Pype or Gutter, is the same, where the fire or flame passeth, and ouer the myddes of the sayde crosse Pype, lay an iron Grate, and a∣boue the same buylde a rounde Furnace of a spanne in breadth, and a yarde and a halfe of heygth: and this is named the Tower, and to the fower holes (appearing forth) buylde and frame in like maner fower little Furnaces rounde, but lower than the hoales, and without little Grates of iron in them: that the fire or flame may passe by those pipes, & enter within the sayd small furnaces, on which, may be placed or set Glasse bodies, Retortes, or other vessels. When you will bestowe Coales, and make fire in the myddle Tower, doe the same after this maner, that is, take kindled coales, and put them in at the bottome of the Tower, and after fill vp the sayd Tower with dead or vnkindled coales: and shut close aboue with a couer of Iron, the head of the tower, that no ayre breath forth: for by this dooyng, the fire shall burne only belowe, so much as the pypes which extende to the Furnaces can receyue, and no more: and on such wyse, in a Tower of this greatnesse full of Coales, will the fire indure twelue or fourtéene houres, without putting in of any Coale. With this Tower may a man Distill, Circulate, drye vp, and Sublyme, with great fa∣cilitie: And this is the Philosophers Tower aboue named, which serueth, and is very necessarie in the Arte of Alchymie.

Another skilfull Chymist, teacheth a very ingenious maner of Distilling, by which a man may with one onely fire drawe to∣gither, and all at one tyme, both Water and Oyle, besides the commoditie of Sublyming, and Distilling by Balneo Mariae: and Page  [unnumbered] this is named a Distillation in the tower, by reason of the forme of the Furnace, or rather named the Philosophers Tower, for great commodities of the same, which is made after this maner: that is, in any playne and euen grounde, let the forme of a tower be buylt, eyther rounde or square, or fixe cornered, or of some o∣ther forme, with vnbaked or baked Bryckes, and in heygth a∣bout a yarde and a halfe, or twoo or three, or so hygh and large as a man pleaseth, in such condicion alwayes, that the same maye receyue and contayne a fire sufficient great and burning: In the sayde Tower, distant from the ground, about a handbredth and a halfe, let be layde a Grate of iron, which maye beare vppe the Coales, with a wyndowe or square hole, by which the ayre may enter to kyndle the Coales. After that done, let be buylt of eyther side, and round about the tower, many Furnaces regarding the outwarde face of the tower, of such a bygnesse as he thinketh good and necessarie, and of such heygth from the ground, as answereth aptly to the Grate of iron, which shall be in the myddes of the tower, and on eche side of the tower, which shall be in the myddes of these Furnaces, let holes be made sufficient great, and some∣what higher than the Grate of iron, to the ende, that by those the heate of the fire might be communicated and extended to the Furnaces. These Furnaces ought to be buylt after the forme of the Bulwarkes of a warrelike Towne: to eche of the holes run∣ning and extending within the Tower, before that the Furnaces are set or ioyned too, ought a Plate or Register of Iron to be made, boared with thrée, or sixe holes, or more, and those of lyke greatnesse and distance, one directly aboue the other: to the ende, that those maye be drawne wholye forth of the Furnace, when néede shall require the same, or thrust downe so déepe, as the Chy∣mist woulde that the force of the fire to extende to the Furnaces without, whether the same be by two or thrée, or one onely hole, or by the great or least hole: At the toppe of the myddle Tower, ought there to be made lyke to a vaulte, by which the Furnace or the tower may be exactly closed, to the ende that the aie which entreth by the lower part of the Tower, may not breath and ys∣sue out by the toppe: and this after such maner alwayes guyded, that those may be drawne vp, and put downe agayne, according Page  16 as he shall thynke néedefull. The things on such wyse prepared, the hollwe place of the Tower in the myddes, ought to be filled with Coales, and the toppe close shutte or stopped wyth the co∣uer, to be strongly luted or mortered rounde about. At the hole or doore belowe shall he put in the fire, for by that meanes the Coales which shall be nearer the sayde holes, wyll be consumed by the fire, and on such wyse consumed, that those which shall be at the toppe of the Tower, shrynking and falling downe by little and little, kyndle and burne one after the other, and in the lyke maner doe the others consequently burne, vntill all shall be kyn∣dled and wasted. The person which will occupie such a fashion, and the lyke Furnaces to distill in, it shall suffice that he visite or looke to his fire once in the daye. Such a buylding is not only in∣genious and delectable to beholde, but also very commodious and necessarie. I haue séene sometymes (sayth the Chymist) that a Balneum Mariae, hath bene placed on the sayde buylding, or toppe of the Tower, and a vessell to Sublyme: besides a Furnace for Reuerberating, and Cymenting, and a Furnace for Melting, according as a man may learne & know, by the figure herevnder descrybed. Another Furnace I sawe of meaner cost in the buil∣ding,

[illustration]
which had a Tower in the myddes, lyke to this abouesayd, Page  [unnumbered] being foure square, and very playne of workemanship, at whose corners were foure vessels placed, as at eche corner one, and Re∣gisters made for them, as to the other Furnaces afore descry∣bed: so that little differing in vses, sauing in the forme and bew∣tie, for which cause, this Furnace is to be ordered in all poynts lyke to the aforesayde: in gouerning the Registers, and heate of the fire, that this may easier be conceyued, I haue ioyned it with the figure before descrybed, as the same maye euidentlye ap∣péere on the other side to the eye, borowed both out of the singular worke, intituled Pirotechnia.

The sayde Chymist in his worke of Pirotechnia, descrybeth two other Furnaces, seruing to sundrie vses: the one to be built after this maner: That is, a square Turret to be raysed wyth Bryckes, and the same made rounde wythin, the hole for the drawing forth of the Ashes, to be halfe a foote from the foundati∣on, aboue which (nygh a foote) thrée or foure small Barres to be layde (in the forme of a Grate) well a finger bredth distant one from the other, that the Ashes may the lightlyer fall through, for hyndring of the fire to burne and gyue his heate, on this Grate all about laye Tyles in handsome maner, leauing but a hands bredth vncouered, for the fire to burne through: after this, about a foote higher, make your Ouen open in the toppe, but in fashion lyke to the Bakers Ouen, which leaue hollowe downewarde to the Grate, that the Coles in the nether Ouen (hauing a lesser mouth than the vpper) kyndled, may burne and flame vp: to the mouth of this nether Ouen, must a doore be set, whereby it may be opened for the putting in and taking out of Coales, & shutting the same agayne, when néede shall require: but the mouth of the vpper and greater, must alwayes be left open, for the flame to passe forth: ouer the inner mouth of this greater Ouen, must two Iron barres more be layde, so wyde one from the other, that a man may handsomelye set on them a melting Crucible, or other vessell to calcyne withall, as it behooueth: Ouer the head of this square Turret remayning open, must so large a slate stone be layde, as may wholy couer the same, yet may you not make fast the slate with morter, to the heade or top of the Ouen or Turret, in that when néede requireth, the same is to be taken of. After Page  17 all these done, the Ouen must (within and without) be well play∣stred with fast and strong Lyme, that the same chop not, which perfourmed, the Furnace is then finished. The Crucible with the matter that you woulde calcyne, shall you sette on the Iron Barres, and laye downe the Slate close on the Ouens heade: af∣ter kyndle fire in the nether Ouen, that the flame extending vp, and about the Crucible, maye so passe forth of the mouth of the

[illustration]
vpper Ouen, for on such wyse, it calcy∣neth the better, in that the flame must burne about the mat∣ter, before it extendeth forth of the mouth of the Ouen. The vses of these two Ouens, are for the calcyning of Metalline Bodies, or other Mixtures, which are lyke calcyned, as the Saltes, and all maner of stones. And without the lyke Furnaces, may a man performe no work, where as calcination néedeth: for if hée shall attempt to calcne Bodies by another meanes, it wil be very hard to bring to passe: wherfore the Philosophers at the first, inuented such a Furnace, for the lyke intent and purpose, and named it properly the Fur∣nace of Reuerberation for calcyning, and cymenting.

The other Furnace made rounde and hollow to the bottome, differeth but little from the abouesayde, sauing that this in the working, is left open and vncouered at the toppe for the fumes to passe forth: neare to the bottome must a square hole be formed, and a doore to the same, whereby the fire by it maye so be gouerned, that the same maye be increased great or small, as néede shall requyre. Aboue this, a Grate of Iron for the Coles to burne vpon, and vent holes rounde about, for the ayre to come in, aswell as the heade remayning all open for the large passing forth of the smoke: which otherwyse woulde not burne, for the lacke of vent holes to let the smoke passe, that séeketh yssue forth, Page  [unnumbered] so that nothing séemeth, nor is more enimie to the fire, than the smoke. And for this reason, if Furnaces had not their ventes of breathing holes, it were not possible that they coulde worke or doe their effect: and if these in like maner had not their breathing forth belowe, the fire with great difficultie woulde burne: for which cause, it behooueth to haue breathing holes on eyther side, that the Furnace maye worke with more easinesse. The vessell standing on the Grate ought to be well defended with lute round about, before the Coales be poured vppon to kyndle and burne: the doore of the same requireth to be opened reasonable wyde for a tyme, to thende the fire maye kyndle & burne the fréelyer, and the smoke passe forth at the toppe. The Furnace thus finished, ser∣ueth as well for the

[illustration]
Distilling of waters and oyles (by the help of a Panne set on the heade, and filled wyth Sande or water) as for Sublyming, and the melting of Myne∣rals: for which cause the Aucthour thought good (by reasō of their profytable vses) to place them by the waye a part, that their formes liuely descry∣bed to the eye, might the easier and perfiter be conceyued of all parsons.

A commended Furnace for distiling of the Oyle of Vitríoll, and other Oyles, is made after this maner: First, with baked Brickes and Tyles a foundation layde foure square, on which, a wall raysed a foote high, or thereabout, and a doore made belowe for the drawing forth of Ashes: aboue this (wythin the Furnace) a Grate couched of the sayde heygth, distant from the bottome a foote and a halfe, or thereabout. After this, bestowe ouerthwarte the myddle of the same, a long & sufficient stronge Barre of yron, mortered with the best Lute, and that it extendeth from one side vnto another of the Furnace. Betwéene the Grate and the sayd Page  18 Barre of Iron, frame of the one side of the Furnace, a slowe Harrie, euen as the figure following demonstrateth: Which ought to be of such a greatnesse, that a man maye in a manner thrust in his heade. The things thus prepared readie, set forward the building of the Furnace of the Barre of Iron, vnto the heygth of a foote and a halfe, and leaue it on such wyse open, vn∣till you haue bestowed the Glasse, in which the Vitrioll is con∣teyned. Here conceyue, that the side of the Furnace towarde the flowe Harrie, ought to be left open from the Grate, vnto the top of it, vntill such tyme as the Glasse is bestowed within the Fur∣nace. The Furnace thus buylt and prepared in a readynesse, set in the Glasse strongly fenced with Lute, and filled with the pre∣pared substance, of that side of the Furnace which remayneth open: in such maner place it within, that the bottome staying on the yron Barre, the neck may be caused to bende downwarde, so much as may be, in the ouerthwart standing of it in the furnace: But not so much downward, that ye substance in the Glasse may spill forth. The necke of the Retorte (if you will drawe the Oyle of Vytrioll) ought to lye or extende forth, nigh halfe a foote, to the ende that it may after be verye well luted and fastened with the Receyuer hanging without. The thinges on such wyse prepared, close vp all that part open of the Furnace, from the Grate vn∣to the toppe of it, and conioyne with Morter by the same meanes very diligently, the Glasse with the Furnace. After that (in this closing vp) you are come vnto the top, make a great hole at one of the foure corners, of the greatnesse of an Egge, and a couer formed to it, that the same may be set on and taken away, when néede requireth, at the other thrée corners, make in lyke manner ventes or breathing holes, but those much lesser (〈◊〉 so small) that a man can not put in his thumbe at any of the〈◊〉 this, he must by little and little close vp the Furnace, and fashion the same (from the holes) narrower and narrower, vntill he come vnto the toppe, where he must fashion a rounde hole of suche a greatnesse, that a manne maye easily put in his hande, to which hole prepare in lyke maner a couer, that a manne maye stoppe and open the hole, when he lusteth. After that you haue thus buylt the Furnace, and in the same bestowed the Glasse, as is a∣aforesayde. Page  [unnumbered] It shall be requisite and néedefull, to haue another great Glasse, able to receyue and holde eight or ten measures of lycour (to be as the receyuing vessell) which he shall verye well fasten with the necke of the Bodie hanging without, after such manner, that the necke of this be entred sufficient déepe into the Receyuer: which twoo on such wyse ordered, lute diligentlye (rounde about) with the strongest lute, as the common manner is. But the figure following shall shewe to the eye all the sayde description of the Furnace, and the vesselles before mentio∣ned. In which it behooueth to note, that the slowe Harrie ought not so exactly to extende vnto, and touche the Iron Grate: but sufficient it shall be, if the same caryeth the Coales thither, or to the Grate. A. representeth the doore, by which the Ayre entreth to nourishe and mayntayne the fire. B. the grate of Iron which sustayneth or beareth the Coales. C. the slowe Harrie, by which the Coales are poured in. D. the place where is layde the long

[illustration]
Barre of Iron, which beareth the Bodie. E. the neck of the Bodie lying forth, whiche ben∣deth downewarde. F. representeth the great vessell recei∣uing. G. the vent or breathing holes, situated in the .iiij. angles or corners. H. the great hole, whiche is formed on the toppe of the Furnace. I. the couer seruinge for the greater hoale on the toppe.

After that the thinges shall be on Page  19 such wyse prepared, lette the Furnace be heated with the fire of Coales, and the slowe Harrie filled vp with great Coales: which done, shut or stoppe close with his couer the vpper hole, and lyke the other vent holes, except the thrée little ones afore mentioned. At the same tyme, shutte or put to halfe the doore, which is pla∣ced vnder the Grate, marked with the letter A. by reason of the ayre, for to preserue the fire. &c.

The other vesselles which commonly serue in the Arte of Di∣stilling, and be put in vse euery where, as well for matters of Alchymie, as the drawing of medicinable things, which are all maner of Waters, Oyles, Baulmes, Aqua vitae, Quintessen∣ces, and all other compounde matters, shall after be liuely de∣monstrated: and the maner howe to order them in the distilling of things, with the apt names for eche vessell, and the formes, shall in order be faithfully set forth.

First,

[illustration]
this In∣strumēt or Ves∣sell, is named a Crooked Body or Retort: and where alwayes mencion is made of a Retort, there is ment a Vessell of suche a forme, whether the same be great or small, according as it shall séeme to the workeman, that it is agrée∣able for the qualitie, and quantitie of the matter, that he woulde distill with such a kind of Vessell as this is: And in such a kinde of Vessell, the Chymistes distill matters that are vnctuous, which not so aptly sublyme, or ascende on high: as all the kyndes of wa∣ters, that are easily distylled with a Cucurbite and heade, bycause these sublyme with much easinesse: wherefore the things vnctu∣ous and heauie, that cannot sublyme or ascende, but with great difficultie, are distilled with this maner of Vessell, in that the same hath but a short and small rysing, before the passing and falling into the Receyuer, and for that cause, this is a Vessell ve∣rye Page  [unnumbered] commodious and necessarie in such an Arte, as to ech person may well appeare, by working with the same.

[illustration]

Thys Vessell is named the Glasse body with a long necke, and where at any time is mentioned of a Body (which in Latine is named Cucurbita) there this Vessell is vn∣derstanded and ment, whether the same be greater or lesse, according as the workeman shall thynke ne∣cessary: and this is a Vessell com∣mon, muche occupyed of them which Dystill diuers matters in the Arte: and thys is as much v∣sed for Phisicke matters, as for the working of Alchymie: So that this commeth to occupying often, as a thyng most commodious, for the dooyng of all manner of workinges in a maner, and maye as well serue for a Receyuer, as for a Bodie to dystill withall: Of which, it maye be sayde, that thys is a principall Vessell in the Arte of Dystilling, seruing (as it doth) for two Vessels, and be∣yng commodious in so many things, so that more néedeth not to be spoken of it. Wherefore we wyll procéede to descrybe herevn∣der, that Vessell, which (of the Chymistes) is named a Heade, without the which a man can not distill anye matter by the Cu∣curbite or Bodie of Glasse, as after shall playner appeare.

[illustration]

This Vessell na∣med a Heade, is well knowne to most per∣sons, and in the Arte of Dystilling verye necessarie: Bycause (as I haue aforesayd) it is impossible, that a man maye distill any thing without it: and Page  20 of such Vessels, the workeman maye choose or cause to be made wyth narrower and larger mouthes, according to the condicion of the Bodie standing vnder, yet these requyre to be fashioned all after one manner, and the lyke to be made with one manner of Nose: which Nose requyreth to be after thys maner, that is, fa∣shioned long, and that (put in) it maye reach a good way into the Receyuer, for by entring very déepe in the Dystilling, and the spirites yssuing out of the Bodie, will not be so apt to passe forth of the Receyuer: for thys cause the sayde heade will be much bet∣ter when the Nose shall be formed long: herein considering that it hath the lyke similitude, wyth the Nose of the Heade, here a∣fore descrybed, and being on suche wyse fashioned, it is a per∣fite Vessell, for the Distilling of tender and Flegmaticke mat∣ters.

This

[illustration]
Vesselle (the Chi∣mystes name) ye Vrinall, whyche but little differeth from the Cucurbite (afore described) as to the eie, may euidently be perceyued: for there is no other difference, sauing that the Vri∣nall is formed with a larger necke and mouth, than the Cucur∣bite hath: and this made the lyke, for that intent, whereby a man myght dystill wyth more facilitie: for by this, the vapors ascende farre better on hygh, through the large head set vpon, lyke to the same afore described. And into thys vessell may the workman put his hande, to drawe out the matter remayning, which resteth at the bottome, without losing of the Vessell: when a man dystilleth not those thyngs, which it behooueth hym to burne, and to rest cleauing to the bottome, so that when the workeman néedeth not to dystill those thyngs, whych requyre a drying vp: in such a case (the contrarie) may he clense the Vrinall, and make it serue for another tyme, yea, for many tymes. In this Vessell may a man Page  [unnumbered] dystill Herbes, Wyne, Flowers, Honie, Waxe, and all other matters, that he thyncketh may aptly be dystilled: for the worke∣man may order and apply it, in a manner to all woorkyngs, that he woulde attempt to doe, as well in Alchymie, as in Phisicke matters: so that this Vrinall Bodie, is a Vessell very necessary, as we haue afore declared.

[illustration]

This Instrument named the Pellicane, which is a Vessell for Circulating, serueth to none o∣ther ende and purpose, than for to Circulate the Quintessence, which by the Arte of dystilling is drawen: so that thys Vessell on such wyse made, is not apt for the dystilling of any matter, but only serueth for the Circulating of Aqua vitae, and other com∣pounde lycours. Where in anye place you find written to be done in a Pellicane, the same is ment to be wrought in the sayde Ves∣sell: and in all the Arte, there is no other kynde of Vessels, that are more necessarie than these fiue, whych we haue afore descry∣bed, although many other Vessels, and of those diuers are occu∣pyed of sundrye Chymistes, yet all consist and serue to the lyke woorkyng, which the aboue named doe, that is, the Retorte, the narrowe necked Bodie, the Heade, the Vrinall, and Pellicane, wyth which a man may doe all maner of workes that are requi∣red in the Arte, as Dystillations, Sublimations, Fixations, Cir∣culations, and other lyke woorkyngs. And for that cause I thynke it not néedefull to make a long description of so manye straunge sortes, as of those long, short, rounde, square, and so dyuers for∣mes, which rather are occupyed to marueyle at, than for vtilitie or profite: But I thys affirme, tat these fiue Instrumentes to be the fundament of the whole Arte of Distilling, and Alchymie, as I haue afore declared. Therfore let it not mooue you to mar∣ueyle at so many sortes of Glasses that manye Chymistes vse, whych for this respect, I leaue to demonstrate in thys place.

Page  21

[illustration]

This is a Bagge which the Chi∣mistes make of whyte Woollen cloth (whether the same be Penny∣stone or Karsie) shaped and sowen after this manner, and name it a Fylter. And it is a verye necessa∣rye thing, in that a man can not woorke in a manner, anye thynge without it, that consisteth thycke: and in any place whereas a man findeth wrytten to dystill by Fyl∣ter, the same is ment to be in thys Instrument, which he shall lyke do when the matters are dissolued in∣to water, for to cleare them from their Faecies, that they maye re∣mayne neate and purified: which maner of Purifying, he shall woorke and doe after this order, that is, when the matter shall be dissolued, it behooueth vs to poure the same into thys Bagge, let∣ting it passe and runne through by it selfe, which passed through (by this maner of dystilling) wyll be most cleare and pure, and this is named the dystillation by Fylter, that also is verye ne∣cessarye in the woorke of Alchymie, and the Apothecaries be∣sides doe often vse this maner of Dystilling, for to separate dy∣uers matters, as are the Iuleps, Syrupes, Decoctions, Iuices of Herbes, and other Infusions, whereby they might come pu∣rified and neate: and in thys dooing, there is nothing that maye hynder their woorking: wherefore if such matters were not suffi∣ciently purged, they woulde soone fall to putrifying and corrup∣ting: which they doe not, being well Fyltred, and cléered tho∣rowe the Bagge: As by a lyke in that Syrupe, which compoun∣ded of the Iuice of soure Cytrone, ought first to be dystilled by the Bagge aboue descrybed, or by a Lyste put into the Lycour: for this otherwyse curdeth, when it shall be colde: and the lyke doth the Iuice of Orenges and Lemmons, beyng not ordered as abouesayde.

The other Instruments necessary for dystillation, not afore Page  [unnumbered] descrybed, shall after be liuely demonstrated, and their vses or∣derly taught, borowed out of Adamus Louicerus, of Dystillation. The Instruments (sayth he) whose vse is required vnto Dystil∣lation, are made of diuers matter, as of Glasse, Earth, or Met∣tals. But the Instruments of Glasse, doe excell all others, and for that cause are warily to be vsed: therefore for a more safegarde of the Glasse, the Chymistes wyll to draw ouer it, a hose or Cote of vnshoren clothe (which resisteth by that meanes, the stronger heate of Balneo Mariae) and after the Dystillation it maye be drawen of, and the Vessell made cleane. Such mynding to dystill by a drye heate of fire in Ashes or Sande, ought afore to fence their Instruments wyth the Lute of wysedome, made of Cley, Horsedung, Salt & Flocks: but of thys Lute shall more at large be vttered, in the proper place hereafter. The sayde Instruments are to be formed of the best Earth that maye be founde in anye Countrie, for these in many causes are much commended, so that they be occupyed wyth heades of Glasse, for they be better, séeing that through them the matter as it is in ystilling, may be séene, as it is before declared. Wherefore who so is mynded to make Dystillation of Arsenick, Orepment, Cinnaber, Mercurie, Sul∣pher, or any such lyke Bodyes, he must remember afore to buyld a common Furnace for dystilling, rounde or square, according to

[illustration]
Page  22 the wyll of the Dystillatour, and that two rounde holes of a fin∣ger bygnesse, be made of eche side the Furnace, for the venting or breathing forth of the fire. These done, on the mouth or myddle hollowe place of the Furnace, shall you bestowe a déepe Earthen panne, filled wyth fine sifted Sande or Ashes, for the staying vp∣ryght of the Glasse Bodie: vnder the bottome of whych Panne, let be cowched an yron Barre ouerthwart or crosse the hole, ret∣ching from thone side to thother, for the stronger bearyng of the weyght of the Panne: and the lyppes of the Panne so stronglye mortered wyth the head of the Furnace, that the fire breath not forth, betwéene the Earthen panne and the Furnace. After this, put in Coales by the myddle doore, and kyndle the fire, whiche ought to be at the first gentle and soft, vnto the tyme that the Furnace waxeth hote, and that the matter contayned in the Bo∣die beginneth to dissolue and melt. After may a manne encrease and fortifie the heate more and more, for so long tyme as that he séeth not rysing any more fumes, by the mouth of the Bodye, o∣therwyse named a Gourde or Cucurbite.

As touching the Copper Vessels, sayd in an Empericke Chy∣mist, that there néedeth no tynning of them wythin: bycause the Tynning draweth somewhat to it of the Waters and Oyles,

[illustration]
which hanging to, so consumeth the more, that the Copper Ves∣sels Page  [unnumbered] simply doe not.

The Cucurbites or Glasse bodies ought sometymes to be ve∣rye long necked, as when we séeke and couet a purer and subtil∣ler lycour: Which sort of most long necked Bodies (as wryteth Cardane) serue for the onely turne and purpose of dystilling the Quintessence, when as we woulde that the subtiller partes or spirites, and not the grosser and more earthlye, to ascende from the bottome of the Cucurbite or Glasse Bodie.

In the tyme of dystilling any substaunce, a man must nowe and then coole the Lymbecke or heade of the Glasse, wyth Lyn∣nen clothes dypped or wette in meane colde water, and those af∣ter the gentle wrynging forth, to lappe wittily about the Heade, that the vapors and spirites (through the same dooing) maye the sooner thicken and fall downe into the Gutter about: But a man maye auoyde this labour and traueyle, if he ordereth the Lym∣becke or heade of the Cucurbite, after the manner which the skylfull Louicerus descrybeth in his Treatyse of the Arte of Dys∣tilling, vnder these wordes.

[illustration]

Choose a Vessell of Copper, hauing the forme of an Helmet, for so it is na∣med of ye Germanes, or of a Limbeck (which is the Couer or Heade of a Di∣stillatorie Vessell) as the same is here marked here wyth the figure B. Aloft the sayd Lymbeck, put another round Couer (hauing an hoale on the top) of the fashion which the letter A. here demōstrateth, that it toucheth nothing at all the aforesayde Couer or Lymbeck, whych fill with colde water, that the compasse about of the couer C. may refresh & coole the neck and gutter of the Limbeck. The nose of the Lim∣beck must retch through the necke of this Couer that cooleth, as the figure C. playner sheweth. And if it commeth to passe, that the water contayned in the Couer, which compasseth the Lym∣becke or Heade, be hote through the continuance of tyme, of the heate of the Lymbecke, drawe the same forth by the Tappe or Cocke fastned to the bottome of the Couer, as the figure D. here demonstrateth, and into it poure other colde water: thys so often Page  23 coole and drawe by the Cocke, vntill the woorke be ended. Or you

[illustration]
may put certayne drawing pypes into the Couer, such as you sée here liuely descrybed, which wythin short tyme will draw forth al the hote water of the Couer, by putting the shorter ende in∣to the hole of the Couer: after into it poure cold water, dooing the lyke (when néede requyreth) as aboue taught. He further setteth forth, ano∣ther maner of cooling the heade of the Lymbecke, on this wyse: put an Oxe bladder on the Helmet, which drawne aloft, tye hard and close with a sure Corde, about the necke of the ••mbecke: thys done, poure colde water into it, filling the same rounde a∣bout the necke and Gutter of the Lymbecke, which being come hote by heate of the Lymbecke, emptie by the Tappé fastened in the Bladder: after fill the same agayne, and doe the lyke, as a∣boue taught. Herein remembring that the toppe of the Bladder, be fastened with a string, for the better retayning of the water.
[illustration]
Such manner of coolinge profite and auayle very much, when any draweth forth by Dystillation of the Symples, pure, and tender, which are the Flowers, Herbes, Rootes, and Fruites, yea, the Aqua vitae, and separating of the Quintessence. Some there are of a contrarie opinion and mynde, which in no maner wyll agrée to the drawing of a Cappe aloft the Helmet, nor to anye outwarde cooling of the Heade, nor Nose of the Lymbecke, bycause that such coolinges repulse and put backe the Oyles ascending on hygh, and cause them to fall into the Cucurbite or Glasse Bodie, from whence they ascended and came, that afterwarde they can no more be eleuated, nor yet brought into a vapour, but drye and Page  [unnumbered] waste awaye in the Bodie.

The Beake or Nose of the heade, ought not to be longer (for the more part) than from twelue vnto eyghtene ynches of the Thumbe, before that it toucheth the water: where otherwyse if the Gutter be longer, as well the Oyles as the Waters shoulde consume somewhat the more.

The maner of Dystilling in the Sunne. The .viij. Chapter.

THe singular man Adam Louicer in hys trea∣tyse of the Arte of Dystilling, setteth forth an easie maner of Dystilling by the heate of the Sunne beames, which also may be vsed (howsoeuer a man wyll) in colde Countries: if so be he myndeth at all tymes to dystill Flowers, and such lyke matters, to the ende that those maye retayne their sauour and o∣ther qualities. And the same is to be wrought on this wyse: take (sayth Louicer) a hollowe burning Glasse, which directlye place towarde the hote beames of the Sunne, after (betwéene the Beames of the Sunne, and the burning Glasse) set the Glasse Bodie filled with the Flowers or other lyke matter (and to stand in a small Earthen panne of sifted Sande or Ashes) in such ma∣ner,

[illustration]
that the Beames of the hote Sunne fal∣lyng into the hollowe Glasse, maye so beate backe and extende to the Glasse Bodie with the proper matter (as to the obiect standing ryght agaynst) whych so causeth that lighter and purer matter as∣cending, to Dystill forth, as more liuely appeareth by this figure here descrybed.

Page  24Te Italians haue inuented another maner and way of Dys∣tilling waters in the Sunne, which wyth them is often vsed af∣ter this maner. They take two Glasse Bodies wyth narrowe

[illustration]
neckes and mouthes, the one be∣ing emptie, and the other filled with Herbes or Flowers. Thys Glasse so filled, they close or ••op with a fine Lynnen cloth (bounde about) through which the lycour may aptly passe or dystill. After that, they thrust the necke of this Glasse, into the necke of the emp∣tie Glasse standing vnder, and then diligently ferment and stop the passages and wayes rounde about, with Lute or Potters Claye, or other lyke matter, to the ende, that no vapour nor ver∣tue of the substance may breathe forth: This done, set these twoo Glasses on such wyse ioyned and bounde togyther in the beames of the Sunne, after such maner, that the same Glasse which conteyneth the Herbes or Flowers, maye séeme to be aboue, and the other whych is emptie, to stande vnder, for to receyue the lycour which is heated and decocted by the Sunnes force, that so dystilleth downe into the Glasse. And on such wyse, doe the women of Bononie in Lumbardie, pre∣pare and purchase the water of Bremble flowers, for the benefit and singular comfort of the eyes. As touching another maner or waye of Dystilling in the Sunne, reade hereafter in the proper place taught.

The maner of Dystilling by Ascention, and what especially behoo∣ueth to be obserued in the sayde working. The .ix. Chapter.

WE haue afore taught, that the Dystillation, whyche is a separation of the subtill partes from the grosser and hea∣uyer, to be wrought & done especially after two meanes & Page  [unnumbered] wayes, as by the Ascending and Descending. Further, of the same which is wrought in the Ascending, is one waye done, in that named Balneum Mariae: in another manner by Ashes or Sande, another way in Horse dung, and in another manner, by another meane heate seruing betwéene these. This by the waye in euery Dystillation ought to be obserued (that how often Oyles especially are to be drawne out of substances) that the Dystillati∣on in the meane tyme, be in no maner hyndered or stayde. For if this Dystillation begun, be once letted, insomuch that the mat∣ter or substaunce be cooled, the woorke or Dystillation after can neuer be perfourmed, in that the same can no more ascende. For which cause, it behooueth that this woorking or Distillation, be di∣ligently and carefully followed vnto the ende.

The maner very commodious, for the retayning without great payne and impediment, that the Cucurbites flote or swymme not aloft the Kettle or Panne full of hote water, when any myn∣deth to Dystill in Balneo Mariae. The .x. Chapter.

TO doe the lyke, prepare an Earthen Vessell, or déepe Potte glased wythin, and the same so large, that it maye well receyue or contayne the Cucur∣bite, which it behooueth you to fill with water (in a maner to the brynke) at ye bottome of which, with∣in let foure Tyles be layde, as the one lying right

[illustration]
agaynst the other, and those formed with cer∣taine rysinges boared through, to the ende that by the holes of ech of thse eminencies or rysings vp, a corde or string maye passe, af∣ter thys forme in a maner here described: After you haue thus put through the cordes Page  25 in ech hole, place the Cucurbite in the mydle of the Tyles, before that you poure in the water (as afore taught) & after the same ma∣ner tye the said Corde rounde about the neck of the Cucurbite, to which equally fasten the foure small cordes tyed & retching from the foure tyles lying in the bottome of the vessell, after such ma∣ner, that these foure cordes may be loosed or stiffned, and fastened shorter or longer, according as the woorkeman wyll haue, that the Cucurbite or Glasse bodie to stande déeper, or hygher in the Water. And by this meanes maye the Cucurbite be commodi∣ouslye retayned, which otherwyse woulde not so well be stayed vnder the water. But if the Cucurbite shall be of Copper, and not of Earth, in the steade or place of that coarde, which com∣passeth the necke of the Cucurbyte maye a man bestowe and fa∣sten a Copper bande, hauing foure small Rynges hanging equi∣distant, to which eche Corde retching (from the bottome of the Vessell) may easily be tyed: and on such wyse, shall the Cucur∣bite or Bozia be stayed in the bottome of the Vessell, as the same figure aforesayde, liuely demonstrateth to the eye.

Howe a great yeelde and quantitie of waters, may with a small cost, fewe Instrumentes or Vessels, and in a very short tyme, be dystilled in Balneo Mariae. The .xi. Chapter.

IF the necessitie present be suche, that anye hath to make a great quantitie of waters dy∣stilled in Balneo Mariae, he may accomplyshe the same with small charge, little payne, fewe Instruments, and in shorte tyme, such a yéelde and quantitie as he woulde haue by this meanes▪ in preparing a Wooden bowle or Tubbe, of a sufficient compasse and large∣nesse ouer, and placed on a forme or Benche being lyke made of woode: in the myddes of which Tubbe, erect and set from the bottome vnto the edge or bryncke of the same (or rather aboue it) a great Copper Vessell, in the forme of a hollowe pype, suffici∣ent large, bored wythout rounde about, and all ouer with little holes. Vnder the bottome of the Tubbe, make a Furnace, with∣in Page  [unnumbered] which emptie part or space, let a part of the Copper Pype descende, in such sort and maner, that the water be contayned

[illustration]
betwéene the outwarde bored wall of the Pype, and the parte within of the Tubbe: But wythin that part of the Pype, which descendeth by the bottome of the Tub, let the fire be put and kyn∣dled, for the heating of the water, which being in such wyse hand∣led and done, round about the Pype, and in the rest of the space of the Tubbe which is full of Water, let many Lymbeckes with their Helmets be placed (after such maner) that the Beakes and Noses may reach beyonde the edge of the Tubbe rounde about, for the easier and handsommer setting to, and fastening of the Receyuing vessels. The water wythin the Tubbe must he cause so long to séeth, vnto the tyme all the matters and substances in the Cucurbites, be wholy dystilled. The forme of makyng the abouesayd Balneum Mariae, is borowed out of that skilfull worke named Pirotechnia, which in Englysh is called the Arte of Firie workes, or working by fire.

The figure of Balnei Mariae, inuented by Albcasis, as the lear∣ned Gesnerus coniectureth. The .xij. Chapter.

Page  26

[illustration]

THe Letter A. in this figure representeth the Furnace where the fire appeareth be made and kynd∣led: the Character B. expresseth the Funnell or Chym∣ney of the Furnace: the note C. declareth the Potte sette and standynge ouer the fire, in whyche the water boylinge is contayned: the Fi∣gure D. sheweth the Pype, by which the water boyling runneth forth into a Wooden Tubbe, standing nygh to the Furnace: the letter E. expresseth the Tubbe of woode, which receyueth the water heated, wythin which is set and standeth the Cucurbite or Bodie of Glasse: the letter F. demonstrateth the Bozia or Cucurbite with his Helmet, which contayneth the matter to be dystilled: the figure G. repre∣senteth the hollowe Pype, by which the water runneth forth into another waste Tubbe or Panne standing vnder: the letter H. sheweth the Glasse vessell, which receyueth the water dystilled. It séemeth vndoubtedly (sayth the woorthie Gesnerus) the same to be the better fashion of all others, for the Dystilling in Balneo Mariae, but much more commodious, than if the fire were putte vnder the Dystilling vesselles, Consider and marke the other forme, lyke in a maner to this, hereafter among the Oyles.

The Dystillation of the Quintessence, in Balneo Mariae. The .xiij. Chapter.

TAke foure or fiue measures of the best whyte wine, or of sim∣ple water, or of Maye dewe, or of other lycour pure, accor∣ding Page  [unnumbered] to the greatnesse and largenesse of the Bozia or Cucurbite, in such sort, that a thirde part of the Glasse bodie remayne emp∣tie: which done, set the Lymbecke or Heade on the Vessell, fast luted about, with the whytes of Egges Flowre or Meale, and water myxed togither, and spred on a Lynnen cloth: the Bodie

[illustration]
of Glasse on such wyse trymmed and prepared, let be set into Balneum Mariae, after dystilling by a small or most soft fire, daye and night, vntill the tyme that the fiue measures be come to the one halfe, the same keepe, that you haue thus dystilled fo the ex∣tractions: you shall haue a signe or note certayne of the perfite Dystillation of the Quintessence, if you cast a heare of the Eye browe into the same, and that it sinketh or falleth to the bottome incontinent: then haue you brought the Quintessence to a per∣fection, commodious, and apt for other Dystillations. The lyke may you bring to passe and doe with water ymple, or Maye dewe: In the meane whyles it behooueth, that the Bozia be ve∣ry long, to thende that the grosse vapours o earthly spirites, as∣cende not on hygh. The same Dystillation must be repeated fiue or seauen tymes ouer, or so often, vntill that it be perfite. And such a fashion or way séemeth verie excellent: for that the sa••e infecteth nothing at all the extractions (infused in it) wyth anye Page  27 straunge qualitie: you shall also obtayne a water wyth expediti∣on, if on any iuyce or lycour heated, you set a Goblet or Bowle of Glasse, into which the fume ascended, turneth it selfe into swea∣ting drops, and those drops gathered togither of the sweatings, are on such wyse conuerted into water. By the lyke meanes and waye, is the Vineger easily conuerted into water: euen so the vapor of Herbes boyled in Wyne, is gathered rounde about the bottome of Platters or Dyshes couered ouer: such a Quintes∣cense is very excellent, for the clensing of spottes, and Webbe or Pearle of the eyes, especially if a man boyle of the Rue, or herbe Grace in whyte Vineger, us the worthie Phisition Cardanus af∣firmeth.

An ingenious maner of distilling by Sande. The .xiiij. Chapter.

[illustration]

BEstowe the matter whi¦ch you will distyll wythin a Glasse body stop∣ping the mouth wyth Paste, that no ayre at al may breath forth, after do the like, as fol∣loweth: Set the Cucurbite into a Kettle or Copper panne full of wa∣ter, and fresh O∣ten strawe; which cause to séeth soft∣ly, vntill the time that the matter or substance boy∣leth no more (as the same perhaps maye be, at the consumption Page  [unnumbered] of all the water in the Kettell) after remooue the Kettle with the Cucurbite from the fire, and assoone as the Cucurbite is through colde, put the same a newe into another vessell full of Sande, in which let it be compassed about, and couered with Sande vp vn∣to the necke: after bestowe the same in a sunnie place, where the sunne all the day shyneth very hote, and in that hote place let this stande for fortie dayes togither, which tyme expired, take it forth

[illustration]
of the Sande, and set the Glasse againe on the Sande only, with∣out a vessell, for the space of eyght dayes: at the tyme ended, let it runne through a newe Lynnen cloth, and wring the substance harde, in a Presse for the purpose. &c. This manner of Dystil∣lation ought rather to be wrought and done in the Monethes of Iuly and August.

A forme very rare, of Dystilling by Dung, borowed out of the worke Pyrotechnia. The .xv. Chapter.

Page  28THere is also another fashion and maner of di∣stilling (sayth a certaine Author) much vsed of the Chymistes, which is wrought in Horse dung, whose heate is to be increased by the fume or vapour of Boyling water: after thys order. Lette a wooden Coffer or Chest be made, of sixe Flemishe Elles in length, (or not aboue foure yardes and a halfe of our measure) and of such a breadth, that the same maye commo∣diously contayne of eyther side the Vrinall bodies of Glasse: and that there be no more left, than a space, by which the Pype maye passe and retch betwéene the rowes of the Glasses, standing on eyther side. This long Chest fill with dry dung, myxed with short chopped straw: after lift vp and set the same on a wooden Forme or Benche, to the ende, that it may stande the higher and commo∣diouser, for the performance of the worke. These done, it behoo∣ueth

[illustration]
you orderly to bestowe the Vrinall bodies, or Cucurbites of Glasse in the Dung, wyth their heades aboue it, and regarding (by their heygth) ouer the edge of the Chest on eyther side: to the ende the Noses of the Lymbeckes, may the handsomer be luted to the receyuing vessels: In the myddest betwéene these vessels Page  [unnumbered] must a Pype of Copper or Leade, or if you wyll, of Woode, be extended and couched, hauing bored rounde about manye small holes, and these in order throughout, or all the length of the pype, the one ende of which to bende after such fashion, that it wholye regardeth towardes the Grounde: to this mouth and ende of the Pype, let a vessell of the best Earth, or of Copper be raysed and set, hauing a long necke and narrowe mouth, which must be con∣ioyned so close to the Pype, that no vapours at all breath forth of it: This vessell or Potte filled with water, set on a Treuet with thrée féete, for to be heated by the fire made vnder, vntill the wa∣ter boyle: which by the lyke meanes eleuating or sending vp va∣pors, and those caried along the hollow Pype (by issuing through the little hoales) doe heate the dung, causing after all the Vrinall Bodies standing in the same, to dystill in comely order, and with a temperate heate: as the figure afore placed, doth liuelyer re∣present to vs.

Of the Dystillation to be done by the Ice. The .xvi. Chapter.

THys Dystillation in very déede is marueylous, if that any matter putrified of a Moneth or twoo, is set into Ice, and that it commeth to passe (as a certayne Chymist affirmeth) that the flewme set∣led, and staying at the bottome, will be frosen, and the part Oylie swymme or flote aloft, which may be separated by the strayning.

Of a Furnace to dystill very artificiall, which the Sarrazenes haue in often vsage, borowed out of Vitruuius the Almaine, by ualterus Riffius. The .xvij. Chapter.

TO prepare and buylde the Furnace artificiall, which serueth the Macedonians and Sarrazenes, or that they most often vse: In the beginning a man must couch or laye (in handsome maner) the foundation, and buylde the furnace vp wyth Mor∣ter Page  29 or Earth very strong (lyke to the same of the Potters) and with glased or well baked Bryckes, according to the forme which is represented by the letters R.S.T.V. These on such wise prepared in a readynesse, let the Base or foote of the Furnace be of forme rounde or square, layde with Lyme and Brickes after the fashion of a wall, as the letter Q. demonstrateth: on the sayd Base coeh the vessels of Glasse, disposed in good order, and a like togither, with fast Morter layde, according to the forme which the letter Y. declareth: and to the ende that the sayde heate tem∣perate be not vnprofitable, all the vessels maye be disposed both within and without very well defended, being of Glasse, or earth, or Mettall, as the letter Z. playner sheweth to the eye. The ves∣sels in such a fashion disposed, it behooueth to applie arefully and with diligence the receyuing vesselles▪ well closed wyth Lute rounde about: to thende that they no where breath forth: as you sée here by the letter V. Further, when any will dystill water or Oyle, the matter ought afore to be put into the vessels: as thys letter X. insigneth o 〈◊〉:

[illustration]
and after, 〈◊〉 eche et the receyuing vessell be 〈◊〉, as we haue aboue decla∣red: In the myddest of the furnace, must gen∣tle and soft fire e kyn∣dled of Coales, to thende that it may not touch a∣ny of the vessels: and on such wyse shall you per∣forme your Distillation, by the meanes of a soft and temperate heate. In this Furnace also, shall you dystill togither, and at one tyme fifty or sixty kyndes of waters, as the figure here placed, doth playner demonstrate.

Page  [unnumbered]The Venetian and Neapolitane Artificers of Dystilled wa∣ters, which haue plentie of Glasse Lymbeckes with them, doe often vse this kynde of Furnace, in which they dystill in a daye and night, with a drie heate of fire, well a hundreth kyndes of waters: The Furnace is buylt rounde, lyke to that afore des∣cribed, and after the fashion of the Stoues in Germanie. Thys Furnace contayneth and hath placed rounde about the compasse of it (as is to be séene) infinite Glasses wythin fenced wyth Lute, being of the forme of the greater Vrinall bodie, and fastened by a carefull skyll to the Furnace, with the strongest Lute: to eche of which, must receyuing vessels of Glasse be set, fastened wyth a bygge stryng to the knobbe of the heade, that they maye séeme to hang, as the Figure pl••ner demonstrateth: This Furnace then heate in the same maner, as they doe the Stoues betwéene the Mountaynes towardes Italie, and whyles the fire in the be∣ginning is vehement or very hote, the Vessels in the meane time they leaue emptie, vntill the heate be somewhat abated, least tho∣rowe the violent heate, the Plantes or Flowers, myght be bur∣ned: After the close shutting of the Furnace oore, that no heate be lost, they bestowe the Herbes, in the Vrinall vesselles, and set on the heades of Glasse with the Receyuers fastened to eche: which done, they drawe forth a great yéelde and uantitie of wa∣ters, which are farre better than those purchased out of Leaden Instruments, in that they bring, with them no infection of Met∣tals. This borowed out of the learned Treatyse of Mathiolus, De facul. simp. Medica.

Certayne Instruments to Dystill, of the Inuention of the wor∣thie man Gesnerus, whych he referreth to the iudgement of others. The .xviij. Chapter.

IT behooueth to consider, (sayth the learned Ges∣nerus) whether a man may dystill commodiously with such an Instrument. A. the Vessell of Cop∣per tynned wythin, for to be sette on the fire, in which the matters are: Nowe the Herbes maye Page  30

[illustration]
be put in by themselues, or strawed on a quantitie of Sande. B. the vessell of earth which is bestowed wythin the Vessell A. Or by a contrary maner and fashion, that one of the Vessels hath a skirte or edge, wythin which the other is receyued. C. the Chaplet of Glasse or Earth, or of Cop∣per tynned wythin: the mouth of whych set into the mouth of B. at the toppe of C. the vapour ascendyng is conuerted into water, shall descend into his nether parts, which regarde towarde the Base downe∣wardes: and when néede requyreth, you shall drawe or let forth the water by the Cocke: as well for the taste sake when a∣ny wyll, as for the emptying, when it shall be to full of water: vnlesse he rather desireth to make a hole at the toppe of the heade C. to the ende that when it pleaseth, or that he shall sée néedefull, he maye emptie or drawe out all consisting in C.D. is the Vessell or Bucket placed aloft, which contayneth the colde water, that serueth for the cooling of the heade.

An other Instrument to be caryed about one, in any iourney. The .xix. Chapter.

[illustration]

THys maner of Instrumente, marked by the figure 1. maye be of Copper tinned with∣in, to the ende that a man maye carye it whyther he wyll, for to dystill the foun∣taines and Springs &c. and he may emp∣tie the same by the Page  [unnumbered] hole on the toppe. He maye also make such a Lymbecke, as that Figure noted by the number 2. doth demonstrate, with a Cocke, Tappe, or small beake at the toppe: or lyke to that whych the fi∣gure denoteth, marked with the number 3. Moreouer, this onely is the portrature or draught of a Lymbecke, which behooueth to be set on an Vrinall or Glasse bodie, as the first Figure decla∣reth: of which the nether part, that is, the Vrinall Glasse, may be luted with the strongest Clay myxed with Floxe, or waxed a∣bout twyce or thryce with molten waxe, and on such wyse set on the fire of Coales.

A newe forme of a Retort. The .xx. Chapter.

LEt a Retort be made of such a fashion, as the let∣ter A. demonstrateth, of good Earth, that is, of broken Tyles, péeces of looking Glasses, and o∣ther Glasses whyte and cleare, of Potters clay, & the sylings of yron, diligently powdred & wrought togither. B. must be thrust wythin C. which hath

[illustration]
an edge or border. D. the Pype sharpened at the ende, made of earth, or of copper, to thende that it may be thrust into anye maner of Glasse vyoll, or long necked Glasse with a narrowe mouth.

For to dystill the water of Si∣namon, a man must prepare such an Instrument. First set readie a Treuet, on which bestowe a vessell of Iron sufficient hollow, filled with fine Sande or sifted Ashes: or hauing nothing in it, that requyreth then a greater fire, and to be bored full of small holes, into which set a Cucurbite of Glasse well luted, you maye include the whole with a bande of an yron plate, &c.

A figure very rare of the Alchymistes borrowed out of an auncient booke of Alchymie, in wrytten hande. The .xxi. Chapter.

Page  31THe vesselles

[illustration]
of separati∣on are those, by which the Quin∣tessence, or secrete spirite, is by one on∣lye Dystillation at∣taynd, and it is a waye very formall, and the lyke a verye much abrydging of the worke: which as much auayleth vnto Aurum poabile, or Potable Golde, as for the Phylosophers Stone.

In this little Furnace hauing to the right hande thrée flames, ought to be filled with fine Sande and sifted, and that the fire kyndled and flaming to haue thrée Candles: the second Furnace whych is in the myddes of the two, ought also to haue Sande, and a fire temperate of two Candles, as doth the flame demon∣strate in the d••re of the Furnace: In the thirde Furnace to the left hande, is a Balneum Mariae, and the fire or flame of one Can∣dell. These Funaces ought on such wyse to be disposed and set in order, that they stande nigh one the other, whereby a verye small space may appeare betwéene Furnace and Furnace, as the figure aboue playner sheweth to the eye.

For the same vse, haue the Alchymistes deuysed these Instru∣ments following.

[illustration]

A. the Cucurbite whiche conayneth the substance, with his headde. B. the heade, whose Nose retcheth wythin the necke C. Into the glasse C. doth the se∣crete spirite of the Quintessēce passe. Page  [unnumbered] Into the receyuing vessell D. doth the simple wyne or Flewme of the Quintessence fall.

The maner and Instrumentes of Dystilling by Discention. The .xxij. Chapter.

THe manner of Dystilling by Discention, is wrought in a Bozia or Cucurbite turned vp∣side downe, which is conioined to ye Furnace with the best lute, that is, of that part which the body of ye Bozia thickest fenced, toucheth to the furnace: after the well drying & closing thus of the GlasseBody to the Furnace, that no matter fall through, the Coales then are to be layde vpon all about, and on such wyse kindled, that the fire be very gentle. For a small fire sufficeth in this work at the first, but when it toucheth and is come to the Bozia, let the fire be after increased by little and little. Before the Dystillation, it behooueth to thrust & couch strongly togither, the matter wythin the Bozia, or to drye throughly the same, or with the whyte of an Egge, or

[illustration]
by long running to staye the matter in the Bozia turned vpside Page  32 downe, to the ende that it shedde not forth: During the tyme of the Dystillation, the matter cleaueth to the necke of the Bozia. &c. Thys maner of Dystilling is so much the more perfite and excellent, bycause the matter séemeth to be sublymed often and many tymes, as nygh a thousand thousande tymes wrought and dryuen vp and downe, a hygh and belowe, during the time of the Dystillation: yet maye it not cause that such an agitacion and moouing, to render and yéelde a perfite Sublimation of the Quintessence of the matter, that is to saye, the Elementarie conuerted into the name Elementall, and of a corruptible mat∣ter rendred an incorruptible. After this maner of Dystilling by Discention, may a man attayne Oyles out of Woods, and halfe Mynerals: If so be the mouth of the Bozia strong luted, be close stopped with a Plate of yron tynned, and stricken full of small holes: That you may the readyer conceyue the manner and In∣struments of this Dystillation, beholde the Figure here before descrybed, borowed out of the woorke intituled Pyrotechnia.

That singular man Rogerius▪ hath set forth a lyke maner of Dystilling on this wyse: Let a Bottell of Earth (well glased wythin) be filled vp to the mouth with Flowers or Herbes, ha∣uing in the bottome a reasonable small

[illustration]
hole, and the mouth of it diligently stop∣ped, to be sette into the mouth of a larger vessell lyke glased, standing vnder: which done, to close and stoppe with diligence, the bottome of the Bottell (wythin the mouth of the other vessell) with good Lute or mor∣ter of Potters earth, and to burie both the Pottes wholy wythin the Earth, leauing these so couered for a yeare. The yeare be∣ing ended, to drawe them forth of the Earth, and in the nether vessell shall be founde a verye cleare Oyle, which is dystilled by vertue of the heate and fumes of the Earth.

The forme of a Furnace for Balneo Mariae, very rare, and highly commended. Page  [unnumbered] The .xxiij. Chapter.

[illustration]

BEholde here a manner or fashion of Balneo Mariae, verye ex∣cellent, of which the vessell large and greate is of tynne, much like to a bygge Vri∣nall Bodye, in lengthe of thrée spannes, or thrée great féete long, verye bygge be∣low, and narrow∣er extending vp∣warde: the bot∣tome or bellye of the same standing wette, well twoo long feete wythin the boyling water, and the part aboue retching quyte without ye Balneo, in heigth of a long foote, through a round hole cut out, in the myddes of the couer of the Kettell or Panne, being the Balneo. On thys great vessell is a Lymbeck of Tynne set stedily and fast, couered and compassed of another vessell like of Tynne farre larger, after the forme of a Bucket, that recey∣ueth the colde water which is caused to runne by the Pype or Cocke of Copper out of the vpper vessell somwhat long, situated and standing in the highest part of the Columne, and the same for cooling, continually the Tinne Lymbeck standing in the middes, to the ende that the vapours which are ascended, maye thicken much better, and be sooner conuerted into water: so that thys causeth, that the Artificers may receyue the more yéelde of wa∣ter: and where the same colde water contayned in the Vessell or Bucket that compasseth the Lymbecke, maye be hote wythin Page  33 short tyme by the heate of the Lymbecke, thys in lyke maner by a Pype, out of which the water •••meth, may incontinent be let forth in the nether part, through a Cocke turned, and the Bucket agayne filled with other colde water, drawen out of the vessell on hygh: But to thende a man may not haue so great a labor and payne to emptie so often the hote water, and to poure in of colde, he maye dispose the same on such wyse: that from the vessell whych is standing at the toppe of the Columne, he may continu∣ally drawe out so often of the colde water into the Vessell which compasseth the Lymbecke, as he letteth forth of the hote to runne out of the same, in opening and shutting of the Cockes of the Pypes, when néede requireth: And to the ende, that the Kettell or Panne of Copper, in which the Balneum Mariae is, maye al∣wayes be full with a lyke quantitie of water, which otherwyse is wasted by the vehement & continuall heate of the fire in the Fur∣nace: it is deuised therfore by Arte, that another vessell below, or in the nether part of the Columne placed full of very hote water, whych may be caused to runne continually into the Balneum Ma∣riae by a Pype gouerned of his Cocke. And thys water is heated wythin hys vessell▪ with the same fire that the Balneum is hea∣ted: for so much as the wall of the Columne is hollow and emp∣tie vnto the bottome of that nether vessell. This sort or fashion of Balneum Mariae, is commended for the dystilling and yéelde of waters in great quantitie, by reason of the colde water whyche thyckeneth and conuerteth incontinent the vapours into water. For a readyer conceyuing of the former taught, beholde the Fi∣gure before liuely set forth to the eye: Borowed out of the lear∣ned Treatyse of Mathiolus.

The forme of another Furnace for Balneo Mariae, to be wrought by sundrie Instruments of Glasse at one instant tyme. The .xxiiij. Chapter.

THere is another fashion of Balneo Mariae, which contay∣neth foure Limbecks, of which, ye vessels being large, that are set into Balneum Mariae, may be of Glasse, or of tynne, Page  [unnumbered] but their heades onely of Glasse, for the persiter séeing of the spi∣rites ascending: Besides these foure Bodies wyth their heades, there is placed another comely instrument, which standeth farre higher than the others, that is heated onely by the vapour of the water boyling (arysing from the Balneo Mariae) which ascendeth on high by the meanes of a great Brasen Pype: and thys ren∣dreth or dystilleth by the Herbes or Flowers contayned in it, the best water of all the other fower: All these vessels well ioyned and closed diligently, are to be set into rounde hoales cut out of the Couer, that they may so be stayed vpright, on the mouth of the Kettell or Panne of Copper sufficient large and capable: the same also couered with Tynne, and closed on such wyse rounde about, that no vapour of the water of Balneo Mariae boyling, may breath forth: Moreouer, all the Instruments requyre so to be placed and set rounde about, that these séeme not but as one Bodie togither: excepting the heades, which maye be separated and taken of, and those set on agayne, when néede requyreth for the dystilling of waters: That thys description may playner ap∣peare, beholde the figure liuely set forth to the eye: Borowed out of the Treatyse of Mathiolus, at the ende of his Commentaries vpon Dioscorides.

Of the Dystillation by a Fylter. The .xxv. Chapter.

FIll a wyde mouthed Glasse, or earthen Potte, wyth thycke water or any iuyce, and take a Lyste or péece of Woollen cloth, being twoo palmes or a spanne long, and fashioned sharpe at the one ende, lyke to a tongue which wholy wette in water: After laye the same into the Glasse or Potte, in such order, that the one halfe in a maner, may séeme to lye wette wythin the water or iuyce, and the other to hang ouer the edge of the Glasse, or mouth of the Pot wythout: which on such wyse ordered, you shall then sée all the lycour to drop forth of the Glasse, wythin short tyme: when you sée that the cloth beginneth to furre, and waxeth fowler or blac∣ker, or the droppes dystill slower, by reason of the groundes or Page  34

[illustration]
grosser substaunce drunke in, then the Fylter or Lyste shall you (at such tymes) wryng harde out, and washing it cleane, lay agayne into the Glasse or Pot vntill the worke be finished. Further learne, that the repeating of iuyces, waters, and lycours, thrée or foure tymes ouer by a Fylter, are caused both the purer and clearer: if so be you 〈◊〉 out the eees or dregges, as often as néede shall requyre the same.

Some Chymistes there are, which exrcysing this manner of Dystilling by a Fylter, doe some∣tymes vse (in steade of it) twoo crooked Glasse Bodyes, named Retortes: the one of these filled with the matter, and put into the necke of the other being emptie (and luted close about): place them so, that the same being filled, A standing hygher, wyth the bodye, bending vp

[illustration]
whereby▪ it myght the easier and spee∣dyer distill into that marcked wyth the letter B. standynge lower▪ For by this maner of distilling, is the lycour (dyge∣sted before in Bal∣neo Mariae) caused the purer, neater, & pleasanter of smel∣ling: But this Dy∣stilling by a Fylter, is oftener exercysed of the Chymistes, than of the Phisitions: and deuysed by them to seperate the subtiller, lyghter, and purer matter, from the heauie, grosse, and full of Page  [unnumbered] dregges, as often as néede shall require the sa••

Of the same named vulgarly the Lute of ysedome, with which the Chy∣mistes vse to parge and fence the Dy••illatorie vessels, and for to stoppe or cose their Ioy•••, that no ma∣ter breath forth. The .xxvi. Chapter.

FOrasmuch as we haue hitherto intreated su•••cientl••, of the Instrument necessarie, for Dystilling of the moste matters & substnc••〈◊〉 threfore 〈…〉 this pre∣sent, that we likewise set forth nd t••ch th maner of the same, which defendeth the vessels from the violece & ••ghtie heate of fire: and that closeth & fast ioyneth them ••gither in the ioynt••, to the ende, that the Dystillation may be the 〈◊〉 perfourmed▪ And thys is the Morte▪ of which the Chymistes haue néede fo the perfourming of their workes, 〈◊〉 Lute. Nowe 〈…〉 diuers, sortes of Morter▪ as the one named 〈…〉 onely for the buylding ournaces and Towers for dystilling▪ The other is named the Lute or Morter of wisedome, with which the vessels of Glasse are prgetted and fenced, to the ende that those may the better sustayne and abyde the violent force of fire▪ The other is profitable for the conioyning and 〈◊〉 the 〈◊〉 of the vessels gaping or hapt: although the Morter of wysedome may sometimes serue for stopping and fencing the crackes an cleftes of Glasses.

The Lute or Morter common, fit and the best for Furnaces▪ maye on such wyse be prepared: Take Chalke or Potters claye, or earth which appeareth very fatte and cleaung▪ to the same adde a little quantitie of Sande or grauell, myxing or woring with these Woollen floxe, and Horse dung, After incorporate and labour the whole togither with great diligence, nto the tyme that it be of a consistence more ft, than harde or drye. This bo∣rowed out of Leonarde Fiarauant.

A Lute or Morter for the buylding of Furnaes, and the Pi∣losophers Tower: Take a quantitie of Hartes heares (with which Sad•••rs are act 〈…〉 to stuffe Saddles) being afore well shaken and beaten, or else take floxe of Wollen loth, drsse Page  35 or beatings of Iron (flying from the Anuill) Lyme, the bloude of a Bull, or Wether: of these well myxed and wrought togither, couch and erect your Furnaces with Tyles and Bryckes.

A Lute or Morter, for to parget, couer, and arme or fence the vessels, to thende that those cracke not by violence of the fire: Take the fine pouder and well searsed of Tyles, the pouder sear∣sed of the beatings of Iron about the Anuyll, the pouder searsed and very fine of Sande, of eche one pounde, of fat Lute or Cley

[illustration]
well cleauing thrée poundes: all these diligentlye temper wyth Lye, after myxe them carefully, by stirring the whole strongly togither wyth a staffe: to whych (in the working) adde alwayes a thirde part of shoren floxe, brought very small and myxed as it were in pouder: which done, let the whole be well stirred and myxed togither. The vesselles pargetted and couered with thys Lute or Morter, maye well abyde the violence of fire, without breaking or cracking at all, if it be somewhat thycke layde, and euen spred about the Bodies.

The Glasse Bodies for to be pargetted or couered wyth Lute, requyre to be wrought cleare, smooth and wythout knots or blad∣ders: in that otherwyse they be in daunger of breaking, for the weakenesse of composition, and may lesser or weakelyer indure Page  [unnumbered] the heate of fire. These on such wise strongly made by the Glasse∣makers, ought to be fenced with the best Lute (named the Lute of wysedome) vp to the narrower part of the Glasse body, or thrée fingers bredth higher for Aqua fortis, and such lyke, and spredde rounde about of a reasonable thicknesse: to the ende the Coates made strong; and the choppes filled with the best Morter all a∣bout (after the well drying of them diuers tymes) maye the apt∣lyer abyde the forte of fire: The commended Lute or Morter for the vessels of glasse, is to be made of Potters earth, with a fourth part to the same added of shoren floxe, and an eyght part of whyte Ashes, with a fourth part of drye Horse dung, all these well incor∣porated togither, ought to be well beaten with an Iron rodde. For this on such wyse ordred, is the composition that the Chy∣mistes name the Lute of wysedome, with which they couer and fence the bottomes of those bodies, that they mynde to occupie vnto Dystillation. There be some that adde to this composition, the pouder of Brycke finely beaten and searsed, and the scales or beatings of Iron searsed: and for the apt drying of the vesselles thus fenced, doe make a long Wooden forme, bored full of holes all along, into which they thrust or put the neckes of the Glasse

[illustration]
Bodies, with the mouthes turned downewarde: and on such Page  36 wyse they set all the vessels togither to drye in the Sunne, or in the wynde, or by the fire, or in some hote place▪ which on suche wyse throughly drie, they applie to diuers vses, or as pleaseth them for the dystilling of matters: That the forme of drying the vessels may readyer be conceyued, beholde the Figure be∣fore demonstrated to the eye.

Another fashion of Lute or Morter, often vsed of a certayne skylfull man: Take of the fine pouder of Sande searsed, one pound: of the scales or beatings of yron (about the Anuill) brought into fine pouder, so much: of Glasse beaten into fine pouder, as much: of fat Potters Earth and cleauing, thrée poundes: to which adde a third part of a pound of the shoren flox of cloth, with olde water of Tartar, or Salt water: which done, myxe the whole togither, and worke it strongly with an yron rodde, as a∣fore taught.

Another. Take of Venice Glasse, and of Tartar, of eche a lyke quantitie: of Salt Armonjacke a little, these beate and la∣bour well togither. Of this shall you vse, when that you will di∣ligently Lute any thing, or seale glasse with glasse, by smearing it rounde about the vessels when they are hote.

Another for to defende that the Glasses breake not by the force of fire: Take what quantitie you will of Allum, putting the same into an earthen Potte, on which poure cleare water to putrifie, after boyle the whole with diligence, and skimme it: which done, let this throughly coole, then smeare or dawbe with the▪ sayde mixture the Glasses without, vntill that you may well and safely bestowe them in the fire, or on Sande: these let to drye by them∣selues, and doe the lyke vnto a thirde tyme.

Another Lute or Morter for to defende the vesselles, that they cracke or breake not in péeces, by force of the fire, or by violence of the spirits, and that prpetually they may contayne and kéepe Aqua fortis, or the strong water. The vessels smeared or dawbed with the sayd Morter, ought to be well dryed in the Sunne: It is also profitable for the conglutinating or fastening togither of Glasses or vessels broken: Take of Glasse and Vrmilon, of ech a lyke quantitie, these labour into moste fine pouder, after sift it through a fine searse, then incorporate the same with Vernishe: Page  [unnumbered] adding to it a little of the Oyle of Lynséede, and making of the whole like to a soft Pultise: which done, spread the same on a fine Lynnen cloth, and applye or wrappe it about the Orifices of the vessels, or their ioyntes, letting them so to drye in the Sunne by themselues: which although it be very slowly done, yet doth it retayne and kéepe the fyre, the strong water (named Aqua fortis) and the kyndes of the strong water. This is very true, and experienced by the Author of the worke named Pyrotechnia.

For the fast closing and stopping of Glasses, the groundes and thicker substance of that Morter of other Glasses made, is verye commodious: the selfe same doth the Meale, Lyme, and Bole Armoniacke myxed togyther, in the forme of Paste like auayle.

Another Lute or Morter to be applyed about the ioynts, which so letteth or stoppeth, that the vapors in no manner breath forth: Take the fine pouders of Glasse, and Litarge of Golde sifted tho∣rowe a searse, of eche a pounde: the Meale of Wheate, twoo poundes, myxe these diligentlye, and woorke or labour them very well with the whytes of Egges in the forme of Paste, ex∣tended and spredde on the one side of a wette Lynnen cloth, for to apply about the ioyntes: after that it shall be through drye, be∣stowe or laye yet another Lynnen cloth vpon, and on such wyse the spirites shall be retayned.

If the Glasse that any hath to set on the fire, happeneth to be cracked, it may be stopped by this meanes, that the spirits breath not forth: wette or stéepe diuers Lynnen clothes in the whytes of Egges well beaten, those applye on the cracke of the Glasse hote, the one after the other, of such sort, that as soone as the one shall be drie and harde as any crust, to bestowe an other, and in lyke maner another consequently: Such a kynde and forme of Morter is commended for the Luting and fencing all about of vessels, when as any will dystill Aqua fortis, or strong water, or the Oyle of Vitrioll.

A Lute or Morter of wysedome on this wyse: Take fat Cley, and Horsedung, these strongly myxe and worke togither wyth Wyne, Ale, or Béere: and in the seconde labouring togither, adde shoren floxe of Clothe: and in the thirde working togither, myxe pure Wheaten Meale and Flower, with the whytes of Page  37 Egges diligently tempered: and on such wyse shall you make the Lute of wysedome.

Or thus, take two partes of Clay, so much of Horse dung, and one part of the scales or drosse of Iron about the Anuyll: all these diligently bring to fine pouder, dissoluing after a part of Salte in water: with that water worke the whole togither, spreading the same after on a Lynnen cloth, which apply rounde about the vessell.

Another Lute: Take a fast and tough earth, which after the through drying, bring into fine pouder, the same sprynckle with a little quantitie of water, to which adde Horse dung, brought to pouder: after the well myxing of all these with the whytes of Egges, diligently labour them togither, then of both ioyned, make one myxture, with which you shall Lute round about your vesselles.

Another Lute: take of the excrement or vpper drosse of the Iron, one pounde and a halfe: of the Meale dust, halfe a pounde: of Glasse brought to fine pouder, one pounde: of the whytes of Egges as much as shall suffyce to myxe the whole throughlye, vnto the forme of Paste.

A Lute of wysedome is made on this wyse, according to Fye∣rauant the Italian, in his booke of secret inuentions, with which a man maye lute vesselles of Glasse to resist a mightie heate of fire. Take of the best and finest Chalke, to which adde the drosse of Iron brought to fine pouder, and the common whyte Ashes, the shoren floxe, and Horse dung, these Artely myxe togither: For this is the true composition of the Lute of wysedome, which resisteth the fire marueylously.

Another Lute or Morter of wysedome, that is much commen∣ded by an Empericke, which prepareth of the Antimonie: Take of the best Cley, beaten and wrought with the powder of Tyles or Brycke, the drosse of yron in pouder, and the Hartes or Oxe heares, all which diligently myxe and labour with the whytes of Egges, vnto the forme of Paste,

The correction of Waters and Oyles dystilled. The .xxvi. Chapter.

Page  [unnumbered]IN euerye kynde of Dystillation, it oftenty∣mes commeth to passe, for the vehemencie of the cause agent, that is, the heate, or the de∣fault of Instruments, or the ignorance of the workeman, that the waters or Oyles dystil∣led, attayne some fierie heate, or some in∣commoditie excrementuous or superfluous, or other such straunge qualitie; as taste, and euill sauour: For which cause it is very requisite and necessarie (for the kéeping of them a long time) to know how it behooueth to correct all their defaults. For in that fashion of dystilling, which is wrought and done by force of the fire agent (saith Ioannes Lan∣guis) although that the matters which are naturally colde, as the Nightshade, Succorie, Endyue, Lettuce, and such others are dystilled, yet those purchase or conceyue an Empyreuma, that is, a heate and dryth accidentall, lyke to thynges burned: Of which (Galen affirmeth) that no one of burned thynges, is per∣fitely cold bycause in them is left a fierie qualitie, which Aristotle reporteth to be Empyreuma: After this maner the blacke Cho∣ler or Melancholie, although the same be Earthly and naturally colde, forsomuch as it is engendred of bloude adust or burnt, yet is it not altogither wythout heate, no otherwyse than the Ashes and Vyneger. For this reason, the Chymistes more expert, to the ende that the same

[illustration]
heate may be lessened and caused (as it were) mylder, and that the vertues of matters colde, doe not euapo∣rate away, dystill such things, in vessels han∣ging ouer water boy∣ling, that they name Balneum Mariae, which fashion of Dystilling, they learned of the auncient Apothecaries of the Gréekes: which Page  38 for the same causes procured to boyle softly or gently the Oyles, the Oyntments of Spykenarde, of Lauander, of Beniamin, and other medicines of swéete sauour in a double vessell: Also the same in a clear ayre, on the fire without smoke, and of Coales well kyndled. After which manner, they more boyled in tyme past the medicines Arteriacall and Stomaticall, that the Arabi∣ans named Loch: These hitherto borowed out of Ioannes Langi∣us. Nowe not only the Dystillation bringeth with it thys adusti∣on to waters or Oyles, but they also attayne by the same meanes a watery and excrementuous moysture, which by the Sunning, ought to be corrected in this maner.

The waters set in the Sunne for certayne dayes, in Glasses well stopped with Lynnen cloth, or Parchment hauing sundrye holes, to the ende that all the same which is excrementuous in them, may so be consumed: and by the sayde meanes, that what the dystilled waters haue of straunge heate, may in lyke manner be breathed away. In colde Countries for correcting the moy∣sture excrementuous of waters, which can not be rectified nor sufficiently euaporated by the gentle heate of the sunne & the aire: set the Glasse or vessell which contayneth the things dystilled into a vessell full of water, causing it gently to boyle for two or thrée dayes togither, vnto the consumption of a third part of the Oyle (if the same shall be Oyle) but if it be water dystilled, then by the lyke meanes the moysture excrementuous (if any such remayne) shall easily be consumed, and the Oyle, or the Water rectified. This Rogerius. Or rather that the Chymists doe and obserue in the water of Lyfe, by Balneum Mariae: the moysture watrie (that they name Fleume) is receyued a part, and separated from the subtill lycour. But of the other maners of rectifying lycours, we shall more at large hereafter intreate in the proper place.

Nor there is no lesse daunger in the Dystillation, which is wrought or done by the heate of dung stynking and rotten: least that there may▪ remayne some smatch of rottennesse or foystynes in the lycour dystilled. Hereof it commeth also (that Langius in his Epistles maketh mention) that many worthie Phisitions (in learning and skill of matters) doe abhorre vtterly this aner of Dystilling, by reason of the rottennesse of heate, and euaporation Page  [unnumbered] of the dung stynking, which maye easily or lightly infet the me∣dicines: for which cause the matters stynking, are alwayes dan∣gerous to the body. To these the same Author answereth on such wyse, that when the things be emptyed out of the vesselles of pu∣trifaction,

[illustration]
and at the last dystilled by a Lymbecke, are then pu∣rified wholy from the contagion and annoyance of this rotten∣nesse: forsomuch as the heate of fire resisteth the poyson, and cor∣recteth the same: For Hera also (a worthie Phisition of Cappa∣docia) reporteth, that when he purposed to correct the stypticke∣nesse and astriction of his proper medicine, did afore bestowe and burie vnder the earth, the same for thrée whole Monethes, and there left it in a maner to putrifie: hoping by the sayde industrie, that the substance of the medicine might be restored of the more subtill partes. Wherefore a man may perswade and beléeue, that if the matters by happ shall gather and attayne any infecti∣on by the putrifaction, all the same maye be taken away, and corrected by the Dystilla∣tion following.

¶ The ende of the first Booke of secrete Remedies▪ for Dystillations.

Page  39¶ The seconde Booke of Dystillations, conteyning sundry excellent secrete Remedies of Dystilled waters.

[illustration]

Page  [unnumbered]Page  40

¶ Of the Waters simple dystilled of Herbes especially, and of diuers other Bodies simple.

Of Vineger dystilled. The first Chapter.

BEstowe or put the best Vinegar that you can choose, into a Lymbecke, set after into Balneum Mariae, or on fine sifted Ashes, hauing the lyppes or edges (rounde about) well stopped with Paste or Meale tempered in water, or with Paper pasted: which done, make vnder it a soft fire for the space of thrée or foure houres, in which tyme the flewme, that is; the moysture excrementuous is separa∣ted from the Vinegar, which you ought to cast awaye as a mat∣ter vnprofitable. And a man maye knowe that the Flewme is taken away and gone, when the Vineger shall be consumed vn∣to a thirde or fourth part: After, let all the ioyntes of the Lym∣becke be well stopped, to thende that it maketh no euaporation, then increase the fire by little and little: By the same meanes shall you dystill forth (for the seconde draught) a Vinegar verye good, and most whyte vnto the Lyes, of which you shall haue a signe or note certayne, if you sée the Fecies blacke, and that there commeth forth any Lycour which hath the consistence of Honie or Pytch: you may drawe the lyke of Vinegar, Rosate, of the Elder, of the Cloue Gellyflowers, and others: If any shall in∣fuse all a night in Vineger (which is drawne the seconde tyme) the Pellitorie, Staphisagre (or Iuye brused) in Balneo Mariae, af∣ter the expression made, and the grosser substance throwne away, dystill with diligence the Lycour poured into a Lymbecke: This third extraction or draught (besides a number of experiences that a man may worke with it) doth greatlye preuayle agaynst the Page  [unnumbered] myghtie ache and dolour of the téeth: This borowed out of the Booke of an Alchymister of Paris. In the Dystillation of Vine∣gar only I suppose (sayth the worthie Practicioner Leonarde Fia∣rauante) that the part wateryshe first runneth forth, after the bet∣ter sort, in ordering the Dystillation, as aboue vttered: Thys seconde draught of Vineger, is a matter incorruptible, whych Artely separated from the Fecies, becommeth of such force, that it cannot after corrupt. It also dissolueth precious Stones, and Mynerals, that are layde to stéepe in it, as Iron, Tynne, Lat∣tone, Copper, and other lyke things. It serueth for the clensing and cléering of womens faces, washyng sometymes with it, in that this corrodeth and weareth away all spottes: It serueth ef∣fectuously, for making the Sirupe of Vineger: It preserueth all matters corruptible put into it, as are Fleshe, Egges, Gourdes, Melons, Cucumbers, Orenges, Lemmons, Fennell, and to be briefe, whatsoeuer thing a man will put into it. This in lyke ma∣ner dissolueth the Rheume, maketh a good and cleare voyce by drincking a little at a tyme: It mittigateth the payne in all sores, and in effect is helping in euerye matter, and neuer har∣meth in none. If the Vineger shall be dystilled by a Lymbecke, vnto the tyme that the Fecies remayne drie, and they after bur∣ned so long in the fire, vnto the tyme that they become whyte Ashes, which after bestowed in a moyst Celler, or other moyste place, dissolueth (as the Tartare prepared doth) into an Oyle, which is of so excellent vertue, for the health of mans bodie, that a man would hardly beléeue. For gyuing a little quantitie of this by the mouth, it dissolueth the Stone of the Kidneys, and wasteth the Stone in the Bladder: The Vineger dystilled with a lyttle quantitie of the Oyle of Tartare, and pure Aqua vitae togither, preserueth the faces of women, and maketh them to appéere most comely. Sundry other great matters maye be wrought with the dystilled Vineger, which here for breuitie are omitted: and re∣ferred to the wysedome of skilfull practicioners to finde out.

The Sea or Salte water maye a man make swéete, by this meanes: If he filleth a vessell or Pot with Salt water, and cau∣sing it to boyle a tyme by the fire, doth after dystill the same by a Lymbecke, as the Rose water, and the Salt shall remayne aPage  41 the bottome. But to make a great quantitie in short tyme, it be∣hooueth

[illustration]
to dystill the same by a Lymbecke hauing a Bucket on the heade, which fill with colde water, and as the water waxeth hote in the dystilling, drawe it forth by the Tap or Cocke, and poure colde water immediate∣ly into the Bucket: For by this often cooling of the heade, shall you purchase the more yéelde. And thys is the secrete to dystill much at once with a small cost: and the Instrument being not of this maner fashioned, a man can not dystill but a small quan∣titie at a tyme.

The maner of Dystilling water simple, & the waters of Minurall Bathes, to thende that a man may knowe the things myxed in them, and of their propertie: Borowed out of the learned worke of Medicinall waters of Gabriel Fallopius. The seconde Chapter.

A Man maye dissolue after two fashions, the wa∣ters of Mynurall Bathes by Dystillation: the one in Balneo Mariae, but such a resolution is hard to bring to passe: the other by a Distillation drie, which is done in vessels of Glasse, whether they be Vrinall Bodyes, or those named (of the Ara∣bians) Bozia, it much forceth not, as I haue sayde: It is suffici∣ent that by this Dissolution of the water, which is wrought by the Dystillation of drie heate, that all those thyngs are knowen, myxed in such waters, without excluding or excepting the vapors or spirites, which are knowne by this reason. Haue a Furnace wholy in a readynesse, the fire represented by the letter A. let be Page  [unnumbered] kyndled beneath, a high on the Furnace, as in the hollownesse, set a vessell of strong Earth very large, (in fashion of a Carna∣tion potte) full of sifted Sande expressed by B. fill the Bozia or, V∣rinall vessell declared by C. (it forceth not much whether of them) with the Mynerall or

[illustration]
Bathe water, and that the vessell be set vnto the myddle in the sand, which is wythin the Earthen potte: let the Bozia be couered with his head, hauing a nose sufficient long, signifi∣ed by the note D. Both these Lute well togy∣ther, to the ende that there be no cleftes, nor any space betwéene the two vessels: Af∣ter purchase a Pype of Glasse about the bygnesse of a finger, hol∣lowe and open at both endes, descrybed by E. into the one ende of this Pype thrust the nose of the heade, and wrap a Lynnen cloth many times about that ioynt, to the ende that the passages and pores may on such wyse be stopped, that no vapour at all breath forth: then haue in a readynesse a baled Payle, or other lyke ves∣sell of woode, expressed by the letter F. full of colde water▪ and bo∣red of eyther side directlye, that the Pype descending from the nose of the Heade, may passe ouerthwhart this Paile along, with∣in the colde water: By this meanes and waye shall you knowe what maner of Spirites haue bene commixed with the Myne∣rall water. For the Sande contayned in the Earthen pot, heated by the fire, doth make hote by his heate the Bozia or Vrinall bo∣die and the water contayned in the same, from which many va∣pors continually are sent, which ascending and flying to the head, are there thickened and conuerted into water, which running downe by the Pype, retayneth as yet the vapors, bycause that the water descending by this Pype, is somewhat cooled, by the colde as well of the Pype, as of the 〈◊〉 water whych is in the wooden vessell (ouerthwart the whych, the Pype extendeth and Page  42 passeth along) that toucheth the water: so that the cooling of the one and the other, doth not permit that the vapours being in the water which descende, to breath forth: Thus procéede with that fire vnder the Furnace, vntill all the water shall be dystilled forth, and consumed in the Glasse bodie. Thys done, drawe the Bozia out of the Earthen pot, in whych you shall finde and sée yet remayning some moysture, the same let to drye and consume a∣way in the sunne, after set in the Sunne the Fecies or groundes which shall be at the bottome of the vessell, and let them through∣lye drie. When the Fecies shall be thus dryed in the Sunne, then it behooueth to consider & marke what in them is contained. Certayne wyll that the sedunents or groundes be layde abroade on a fayre smooth Table, and beholde them in the Sunne, to the ende that what bright and shyning Bodie shall be there, the same may appeare more easily in the Beames of the Sunne. As tou∣ching my mynde in this, I rather wyshe that another matter be afore done: First, so soone as the Bozia shall be drawne forth of the Furnace, the sediments or grounds being yet hote, it behoo∣ueth to approch and put downe the Nose to the mouth of the Bo∣zia, for a man shall easily knowe and perceyue by the smell, whe∣ther the same be of Cleye, or of Earth, which is impossible to knowe by any other meanes: In lyke maner the sauour of the groundes yet being hote, bryngeth or yéeldeth a knowledge of the redde Chalke (that we name Ruddell) which rendreth a sa∣uour swéete, and by the same note is the presence of the Oker perceyued. After that, the sedimentes shall be somewhat more cooled, take a portion of the same, rubbing it betwéene the fin∣gers: By the same meanes shall you discerne and knowe the Sandaraca, Brymstone, Orpyment, and others lyke: In the ende let the groundes being drye, be spredde on a Table in the Sunne, for if there shall be any small Bodyes of Alumne, those will be made manifest by the Sunne, so that on such wyse shall they apparantly shewe and be séene: By this maner and fashion shall you perceyue the Salt, if it be gathered in bygge graynes, the Nytre lykewise if it be in great quantitie, for that in small quantity the same is very hardly discerned. The Brymstone, if it be pure, is knowne by his colour, in that it is somewhat yelow, or Page  [unnumbered] palyshe: euen so may a man haue iudgement or perceyueraunce of Ashes and Stones, clotted and hardned togither. As touching other Mettals, as the Golde, Siluer Tin, Iron, and such like, are not knowne: for that those are sometymes so much myxed with Marble, Ashes, and such lyke things, that they cannot be iudged or perceyued by any sense: yea, although that you taste the sedi∣ment, yet may you knowe nothing by the same. For which cause it behooueth to procéede and trie by another meanes and way: as to spreade that sediment on a Lamyne of Iron polyshed and bur∣ning, or redde hote: for on such wyse shall it be asie to dyscerne the Ashes, Marble, Gypsum, Lyme, Brymstone, Salt, Nytre, and Ceruse: Forsomuch that if it hath of the Lyme, or Marble, they will not be burned at all, but after that some one of the o∣thers shall be burned, they will remayne, & possesse a colour more white than they had afore. And if you discerne or sée that it hath a∣ny matter, which cannot be burned, but rather incontinent becō∣meth very white, know for troth that ye same is Gypsū: for which cause, the Lyme, Marble, and Gypsum agrée and partake in this, that they be not burned at all, but remayne, and be caused more whyte: yet this difference there is, that the Lyme and Marble are slowly caused whyte, and their whytenesse is not much more increased than it was before: But contrarywise the Gypsum at∣tayneth incontinent a whytenesse, whych is much greater tha the same was before. The Brymstone is also easily knowne by this experience, forsomuch as that it mlteth and representeth his proper sauor: The Salt likewyse and the Nytre are knowne, for that their sediments (if they be there) are burned, and will cast forth sparckles: But thys difference there is, for if there be Salt, it wyll sparckle and cracke lykewise, if onely Nytre, it wyll sparkle wythout cracking: If the matter be myxed of Salt and Nytre, whyles the sediment is in burning, part of it wyll sparckle and cracke, and part of it wyll sparckle wythout crac∣king: I neuer yet founde the Leade by this experience, but I suppose that if it were founde in the sdiment, it woulde be mol∣ten on a Lamye of Iron burning. If there be in it of the Ce∣ruse, the groundes then wyll render or be caused redde, whych is also a note of the Leade, for so much as these two are verye Page  43 lyttle dyffering: For the Ceruse is made of Leade, and of Ce∣ruse the Vermillon, that is, a like quantitie of Ceruse and Rud∣dell or redde earth burned togither: If you sée that the sediment is molten, and become so whyte as Mylke, you maye not per∣swade and gather incontinent, that there is in it of the Allum, for although that there be sometymes a note that there is of the Al∣lum with his stone, yet may it be caused there to be without ml∣ting, for the Allum is molten one whyles by heate, an other whyles by moysture: The other Mettals cannot be knowne by any of these experiences.

I neuerthelesse haue founde an Arte, which I haue experien∣ced at the Aponitaine Bathes, Lucensis, and the water of Villen∣sis, which is on such wyse: When you will examine and trye, if any water hath of the Vitrioll, or of Allum, or other lyke Mynu∣rall, cause the water first to boyle, not in a vessell of Glasse, but of Tynne, or Iron: after that the water shall be boyled a cer∣taine tyme, let it settle, then after the boyling yet a little more, incontinent throwe or poure into it the iuice or decoction of Gall nuttes, in small quantitie: If the water hath of Vitrioll, or of Allum, it will incontinent become blacke: Or else take some composition black, as is the medicine (named Verzinum) knowne in Italie, causing it to boyle in water, vnto the tyme that the water taketh a colour in maner blacke: after strayne the same, and sprinckle a quantitie of this water on the groundes, and if there be of the Allum, that colour blacke, will incontinent be re∣stored or caused more cleare. And what I haue sayde of the co∣lour left of the medicine Verzinum, as much it behooueth to vn∣derstande of any other matter, in such sort that the water for to worke or doe such an experience, may be made of euery matter, which may dye the water into a blacke colour: and the water so that it be blacke, it forceth not of what matter the same be caused blacke. As touching the astriction, which consisteth in the Allum, I report nothing of it, in that the Allum beyng in the sediment, cannot be knowne by the taste: For it commeth often to passe, that when you taste the sediment, and that you féele an astricti∣on, yet the same procéedeth or commeth not of the Allum, but perhappes of Salt or some other thing: The Iron, the Cop∣per, Page  [unnumbered] and such lyke Mettals, cannot by other meanes be known, but by the corruption and resolution of the groundes, in such sort that euery Mettall (that there shall be) maye be turned into hys proper excrement, and so of his proper excrement, shall you after knowe this or that Mettall to be in it. By the selfe same fashion and manner is knowne the Iron, the Syluer, the Golde, the Chrysocolla, that is, the Saulder of Golde, the Copper, and such lyke. For these reasons it behooueth to ioyne and myxe the groundes with some medicine, or sharpe lycour, to the ende that euery Mettall which shall be contayned in the sediment, maye be turned into his proper excrement. Nowe the sharpe and corro∣siue medicine that a man may finde, apt and fitte to doe the same, shall be the strong Vinegar, the Aqua fortis, and such lyke. Take therefore the sediment, and bestowe the same into Aqua fortis, or other such medicine corrosiue, and when you shall see the water to be dryed vp and consumed, regarde and marke diligently, if the excrement of any Mettall, be not on the sediment: as if you sée on the Groundes, the excrement of Iron to be coagulated and heaped togither, you shall easily iudge the Iron to be in the sedi∣ment or groundes. If you there sée of the excrement of Copper, or a matter gréene cankered, the same is a note that there is of the Copper, and euen so of the others. Therefore the Mettalles are knowne by the corruption, and mutation, or chaunging of them into their proper excrements: And this shall you knowe to be a sure experience and a troth of the matter (as you may easily trie in the doyng) if you take a portion of any Mettall, as the Fy∣lings of Iron, and shall myxe the same with the groundes of any matter, and bestowe a payne about it, that the fylinges maye be corrupted, then shall you sée that the same wyll be corrupted into his proper excrement, which is named (of the Latynes Ferrugo) that is, the rust of Iron. After this maner are knowen how much and what are the things which are myxed with the Mynurall wa∣ters, that serue to Bathes, which is especially tryed by the indu∣strie and worke of Dystillation: But consider and take héede that the gréene colour doth not deceyue you, which appeareth sometymes in the sediment, although that it hath nothing of the Copper myxed: for oftentymes this colour is there ingendred of Page  44 some Bole, which is myxed amongst the grounds: for that cause throughly examine and make the proofe, if this colour procéedeth of the Copper myxed, or Iron, or the excrement of Iron, or of some Bole, in this sort: Take the sediment of that water, and poure the same into Vineger dystilled, and consider or marke what colour the Vineger representeth or draweth vnto, the lyke consider what the colour is of the sediment, after that it shall be through dryed. For if it hath there the excrement of Iron, the co∣lour shall be blacke: If Bole, the colour shall be redde, that is, lesse blacke, and tending or drawing to a rednesse: I here vtter nothing of the sauour and taste, for that so dyuers is the sauour and taste of Mynurall waters, that a man cannot know of them, what those are myxed wythall. All these hitherto haue I borro∣wed out of the learned worke of Mynurall Bathes of Fallopius, which I haue endeuoured to penne or wryte worde for worde, as things appertayning to the matter, of which we haue entrea∣ted, in respect that we so oftentymes entreate of Mettals in this Booke, which are things worthie to be examined diligently, for the vtilitie and profite of most men.

¶ A collection of certaine waters dystil∣led of Herbes, Juices, Lycours, and Fruites.

The water of Hempe. The .iij. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme of dystilling the Hempe, is, that the toppes as yet tender and gréene, shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae. This water greatly helpeth the paynes of the heade procéeding of a hote cause, if the heade, the foreheade, and Temples, be often laboured with the same. Thys also profiteth agaynst any heate, in what part or member Page  [unnumbered] of the Bodie it shall be, especially the Goute, if a Lynnen clothe dypped in the water, be applyed on the place: and thys in the

[illustration]
Wynter vse twyse in the day, but in the Summer thrée tymes of the day. Take of the water of the gréene Walnuts one ounce, of the water of Egrimonie an ounce and a halfe, of the water of Rewe, halfe an ounce, of the water of Hysope thrée ounces, of the water of Hempe foure ounces, these myxe togither, of which take halfe an ounce, adding to it halfe a dramme of Mumia, halfe an ounce of Sugar Candie, and a dramme of the Conserue of Roses, this after the drinking warme to bedde, and lying downe well couered with clothes to sweete, expelleth those wicked hu∣mors of which the plague procéedeth: the same potion helpeth the Dropsie, taken in the same manner, and preserueth a man from such sickenesses: A water dystilled of the Hempe séede with the iuice of Garlicke, of the same fashion that the Rose water is dystilled, which is Cosemeticall, that is, profitable for garni∣shing, for it causeth heares to growe in the bare and balde pla∣ces, being often applyed.

The water of Walwort. The fourth Chapter.

THe best tyme of dystilling the Walwort, is, when it beginneth Page  45 to beare flowers, that then the whole Herbe and roote finely shredde and bestowed in a Cucurbite or Glasse Bodye, maye be distilled by Balneo Mariae, this water drunke with a little Sugar, or the iuyce of Reysons, vnto the quantitie of foure or fiue oun∣ces at a tyme fasting, doth loose the Bellie: In the same manner drunke morning and euening, auayleth agaynst the swellinges of the Bodie, but especially the Dropsie: euen so this drunke, hel∣peth the Quotidian Ague, and stytches or other paynes in the sides: it profiteth agaynst the outward swellings of the Body, by applying Lynnen clothes wette in the same: This water also re∣mooueth stytches or other griefes in the sides, by applying Lyn∣nen clothes wette in it: This gargelled wyth a little of the pou∣der of Pellitorie, helpeth the falling of the Vuula downe: Thys drunke warme (after the manner aboue taught) helpeth a drye cough: This gargelled in the throte, helpeth that swelling there, named Angina: The dystilled water of the rootes finely shredde, doth much mitigate the grieuous dolor of the Goute, by daylye dryncking and applying Lynnen clothes wette in it, on the grie∣ued places: This also helpeth marueylously ioynt aches, by ap∣plying on the grieued places, Lynnen clothes wette in it: and eating a fewe of the tender gréene toppes (whether two or thrée) in a Sallate, causeth a man soluble, and to haue sundrye stooles: The water drunke with Sirupe of Vineger, helpeth a burning Ague: The pouder of the leaues marueylouslye worketh in all sortes of Vlcers, in that the same asswageth paynes, clenseth them, and doth incarnate.

The water of Imperatoria. The fift Chapter.

THe tyme aptest for dystilling the Herbe Imperatoria, is, when it yéeldeth the floures, then the whole Herbe wyth the rootes well shredde (although some rather wyll the rootes onely) require to be infused in wyne for twelue houres, after the bestow∣ing into a Cucurbite, dystill the whole (after Arte) in Balneo Mariae: This water drunke, doth marueylous expell the wynde of the stomacke, Bowels, and Bellie: for which cause, auayle∣able in the Cholicke pssions, and t••sion of the stomack: This Page  [unnumbered] also procureth the Termes in women, and mooueth vryne: If asswageth toothach, by washing the mouth therewith: The same myxed with Rosed Honie, and drinke warme, helpeth maruey∣lously the griefes and stranglings of the wombe or Matrice in women, and Conception greatly furthereth, where the impedi∣ment procéedeth of coldenesse. This water in lyke maner drunke warme, strengtheneth the stomacke, and causeth digestion. This water sundrie tymes gargelled in the mouth, comforteth a colde Brayne, and purgeth it effectuously of Flewme: A dramme of the pouder drunke with a quantitie of the water, preuayleth in colde sicknesses: so that this marueylously helpeth the loose parts of the Bodie, convulsions, and the falling sickenesse. This water myxed with Rosed Hony, and drunke wyth halfe a spoonefull of the fine pouder of the roote, an houre before the comming of the fitte, helpeth myraculously the Quartane ague: The water gar∣gelled in the mouth, amendeth the breath, and strengtheneth all the senses: Thys drunke wyth halfe a spoonefull of the pouder of the roote, helpeth the plague, all maner of poysons, the byting and stinging of venymous beastes and wormes. Thys water drunke with Rosed Honie, and halfe a spoonefull of pure Cynnamone water, amendeth such hardly fetching breath, openeth obstructi∣ons, helpeth the water betwéene the skynne and flesh, the Drop∣sie, and diseases in the Mylt: To be briefe, it heateth all those partes of the Bodie, where colde occupyeth and offendeth.

The water of the blessed Thystell. The sixt Chapter.

THe commended time for the dystillation of the blessed Thys∣tell, is, that the Herbe alone finely shredde and stamped, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, in a Cucurbite of Glasse about the end of May. This water drunke Morning and Euening, vnto the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a tyme, with Rosed Honye, purifyeth the bloude, remooueth headache, comforteth and cau∣seth a readie memorie, breaketh the stone, putteth away gyddy∣nesse of the heade, amendeth the consumption of the Bodie, and preserueth the person long in health: This lyke ministred, auay∣leth agaynst the Plague, and deadly poysons, receyued as well Page  46 within the Body, as outwardly by the stinging or byting of ve∣nymous Beasts applyed vpon. This water drunke with a dram of the powder, before the comming of the fitte, helpeth not only the Quartayne, but other Feuers, whose beginning are wyth colde. This lyke drunke, helpeth the falling sickenesse in chyl∣dren. The water drunke with a quanttie of Rosed honye, asswa∣geth the griefes of the bowels and kydneys, ceaseth the other tor∣sions of the Belly, and kéepeth the Bodie soluble: It also causeth sweating, sleyeth the wormes in the Bellye, amendeth the de∣faultes of the stomacke and wombe. The abouesayde quantitie of the pouder drunke with pure Aqua vitae, not only kylleth worms in the Bodie of Chyldren, but deliuereth in short tyme the grie∣uous paynes of the Bodie. A Passe made with the pouder of the blessed Thystle, whyte Breade, and Honye, and dystilled wyth whyte wyne, yéeldeth a water right singular, for the decayed sight of the eyes.

The water of Pellitorie of the wall. The .vij. Chapter.

THe tyme of the dystillation is, that the whole Herbe shredde and infused in wyne, be dystilled about the ende of Maye in Balneo Mariae, the water drunke with Rosed honie for eyght or nyne dayes togither, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, Morning and Euening, openeth the stopping of the Lyuer and Mylt, purgeth the kydneyes and Bladder, ceaseth the griefes of the Matrice, and sendeth downe the Termes in women: The same drunke Morning and Euening vnto the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, helpeth an olde and continuall cough: The water simplye of the Herbe gargelled, and applyed without, a∣mendeth the inflammation of the throte. The aboue sayde water drunke with a quantitie of Rosed honye, auayleth agaynst the Strangulion, and grypings of the Bellye, procéeding of wynde and colde humors. The water applyed with Linnen clothes wet in it, asswageth swellings, and paine of the Goute, also the Shin∣gles, burning, or scalding, and hote vlcers.

Page  [unnumbered]

The water of Yarrowe. The .viij. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme of the dystillation of Yarrowe, is, that the whole Herbe shredde and infused in wyne, be dystilled a∣bout the ende of May in Balneo Mariae. This water drunke eue∣ry morning (for a tyme togither) to the quantitie of foure ounces at a tyme, and applying of it on the region of the heart, heateth a colde stomacke: This also auayleth agaynst the wormes of the Bellie, and difficulties of Vrine: The water drunke with a dram weyght of the fine pouder of Cynamone, stayeth the ouer great fluxe of the Termes: The rather if the gréene Herbe bruised, be applyed at that tyme by a skilfull Midwyfe. This water drunke sundrie dayes, profiteth that person which hath lost his colour by much bléeding, and purgeth the bloude: Also fresh woundes was∣shed with the same, and Lynnen clothes after the wetting in it, applyed vpon, morning and euening, doth spéedilye cure them. A handfull of the herbe brused betwéene two stones, and applyed on freshe and bloudie woundes, after the stitching of the lyppes, if they be great, cureth them throughly within the space of .xxiiij. houres, as of experience knowne by sundrie persons. Thys wa∣ter drunke, with Coowe mylke, vnto the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, both Morning and Euening, helpeth the vehement heate of the Kidneyes miraculously, and in short tyme: and it like auayleth in them, which haue the Lyuer and Lungs vlcered, and this often experienced in many persons.

The water of Angelica. The .ix. Chapter.

THe aptest tyme for the distillation of the most singular herbe Angelica, is, when this begynneth to yéelde the floures: then the whole Herbe with the rootes (broken and shredde) infused a tyme in the best wyne, to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, in a Cu∣curbite of Glasse with his heade, and large Receyuer set to the Nose of it, well closed about with Waxe and Rosin myxed togi∣ther. This water (thus Artely dystilled) by dryncking a quan∣titie sundry Mornings, doth not onely open, attenuate, and ex∣pell Page  47 euill humours, but marueylously preuyleth agaynst the Plague, and deadly poysons: The same drunke with a quantitie of Rosed honie, and a scruple weyght of the pouder of Cynamon, or more, digesteth Fleugmaticke and clammie humors. Yea, this amendeth the Cough in short time procéeding of colde, in that it causeth the person more easily to spit vp, grosse and clam∣mie fleugme. The water drunke diuers Morninges, swéetened with a little Sugar or Rosed honie, doth recouer and heale the inner Vlcers of the Bowelles, and dissolueth the clotted blode wythin the Bodie, and strengtheneth the stomacke. Thys water ministred wyth a little of Cynamone water, and a scruple of the pouder of the roote at a time, for sundrie Mornings, doth mirac∣lously helpe swouning, and other passions or griefes of the heart. This water auayleth agaynst the byting of madde & venymous Beasts, applyed outwardly with Rewe, and receyued within the bodie, with a scruple weyght of fine Tryacle. Hereof it commeth to passe, that certayne of the later Phisitions haue a great opini∣on in the bestowing of the roote (of the Herbe) in their Medicines, for the expelling of poyson.

The water of the Nettle. The .x. Chapter.

THe leaues and flowers plucked of, require to be dystilled a∣bout the .xiij. daye of Iuly in Balneo Mariae: This water drunke at Morning, Noone, and at Euening, vnto the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, profiteth agaynst the Cholicke passi∣on, and grypings of the Bowels, it putteth away the stone, and griefes of the Kidneyes procéeding of colde. The lyke quantitie drunke, helpeth an olde Cough, the harde fetching of breath, and swouning, of an vntemperate coldenesse procéeding, and lyke re∣couereth the Lungs colde. The same druncke a tyme togither, preuayleth agaynst wormes of the belly, and all maner of wyndie passions in the same: It profiteth filthie and mattrie wounds, and sores running, if they be often washed with the same, or Lynnen clothes wet in it be applied vpon. If linnen clothes wet in the wa∣ter of the red Nettle, be diuers times applyed, doth marueylously recouer & helpe in short t•••, the byte of a mad Dog. The water Page  [unnumbered] of the rootes purely washed and shred, before the dystilling in the Canicular dayes, drunke Morning and Euening, vnto the quan∣titie of twoo or thrée ounces at a tyme, preuayleth agaynst a long continuing and colde Cholicke, ceaseth an olde Cough, and brea∣keth the Impostumes of the Lungs: The water drunke and ap∣plyed on the members, putteth away the depriuation of féeling, speach, and moouing, and the Palsie: It also profiteth the prime place, looseth the Bellie, healeth the griefes of the Lunges, and is to be applyed to the breast. The same drunke Morning and E∣uening to the quantitie of two or thrée ounces at a tyme, putteth away the payne of the stomacke, draweth downe womens Ter∣mes, and expelleth the yoongling deade: A dramme weyght of the pouder of the Séedes drunke with a quantitie of the water, and a little of the swéete Cuite of Reysius, prouoketh a desire to the Venerall acte.

The water of Alkakengi, or Winter Cheries. The .xi. Chapter.

OF the kirnels gathered in the Moneth of August and brused, let a water be dystilled in Balneo Mariae, according to Arte: This water dayly drunke at Morning, Noone, and at Euening, to the quantitie of thrée or foure ounces at a tyme (but to Chil∣dren and Infants onely one ounce giuen) helpeth the Lyuer, the stone of the Kidneyes, and Bladder: The water drunke in the same maner, stayeth the dropping of the Vrine, spéedily purgeth the Lyuer, Kidneys, and Bladder. This also drunke in the ma∣ner abouesayde, recouereth the grieuous blystering and sorenesse of the Kidneys and Bladder, and right profitable for the pyssing of Bloude.

The water of Alchimilla, or Lions foote. The .xij. Chapter.

VNto the congruent Dystillation, the roote and Herbe wyth the whole substance requireth to be shredde, and to be dys∣tilled about the ende of Maye, or the myddes of Iune in Balneo Mariae: This water drunke vnto the quantitie of thrée or foure ounces at a tyme, both Morning and Euening, is not onely a∣uayleable for inwarde woundes, but healeth wynding vlcers, Page  48 and ruptures: The water applyed wyth Lynnen clothes wette in it, on outwarde wounds, doth not only asswage the euill heate, but also closeth them in short tyme: & this experienced in wounde drynckes, ministred by diuers skilfull Germaines: A dramme of the pouder of it, taken with thrée ounces of the water, helpeth the falling of the Bowels into the Codde, or other rupture in short tyme, without any cutting. The lyke weyght of the pouder, gy∣uen with the water (swéetened with a little Sugar) for fiftéene or twentie dayes togither, procureth the woman (not apt to con∣ceyue, through a coldenesse of the ouermuch moysture of the wombe, which letteth the retayning of the séede iniected) to con∣ceyue in short tyme after: The dystilled water drunke, and con∣ceyued into the wombe, doth myraculously staye the whytes (or whyte fluxe from the backe) in women: yea, by the dayly iniec∣tion, is the priuie place made so straight, that hardly she can be knowne from the chaste Mayden, the rather by sitting in the de∣coction, which then is sooner perfourmed. This also draweth vp hanging Pappes or Breastes of women, and causeth them to be fast and harde, if Lynnen clothes wette in it, with the water of Horsetayles, and the dryed peares of Roses, with other ipticke things, be often applyed.

The water of Barberies. The .xiij. Chapter.

THe fruite of Barberies when they be rype (as in October) require to be dystilled in Balneo Mariae: This water giuen with the sirrupe of Violets, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, Morning and Euening, doth not only cease thyrst in vehe∣ment and pestilent Agues, but suppresseth Cholericke and per∣nicions exhalations causing an euill heate in man: The same like drunke, profiteth against the heate of the Lyuer, in the Cholicke passion, in the casting or vomiting vppe of meate, in fluxes and painfull grypings of the bellie, and restoreth the appetite weake: The water myxed with redde Corall, and drunke, stayeth the o∣uermuch shedding of the Termes: The water drunke with the water of Grasse, or Purcelane, or Southernwoode, sweetened well with Sugar▪ killeth the woormes in the Bellie: the water Page  [unnumbered] drunke sundrie tymes, helpeth the spitting of bloud: It fasteneth loose téeth, if they be often washed wyth it: It strengtheneth the gummes and Iawes, by often gargelling, and represseth the hote styllinges from the heade: The water closeth the freshe woundes in the vpper face of the fleshe, and dryeth vp olde Vlcers, being orderly applyed: Neuerthelesse, this wa∣ter harmeth them, which be grieued wyth paynes of the sto∣macke, procéeding of wynde and coldenesse, and that hardly fetch breath.

The water of Bryonie. The .xiiij. Chapter.

THe roote of Bryonie shredde small, requyreth to be dystilled about the ende of May: This water drunke to the quantitie of foure ounces at a time, with the conserue of Quinces, & a little Maticke, helpeth digestion, clenseth the breast, mundifieth the brayne, openeth the stoppings of the bowels, causeth Vrine, ex∣pelleth the stone in the Kidney, & deliuereth the falling sicknesse. The water g••en with the rrup of Roses and Figges wrought togither, doth marueylously helpe the Cough, and resolueth hard swellings, especially of the Mylt. The water drunke with a little Cynamone, draweth downe the Termes, purgeth the whole wombe, and expelleth the deade yongling, the rather if she sitteth in the decoction of the rootes: The féete washed and laboured with the faine, preuayleth against the gout. Foure ounces of the water drunke, with a dramme weyght of sme Cordiall pouder, amen∣deth an euill stomacke: but eyght ounces receyued at a tyme, looseth the Bellie. The water asswageth the burning heate of the Shingles, putteth away vnséemely spottes, moles, and pim∣ples, yea, cleareth a redde and Lpr••• face, and amendeth the scarres of woundes, if it be often applyed after the forme of a Li∣niment: The water applyed with Linnen clothes wet in it, doth recouer a running Palsie, and putteth away a swelling, and the ing euill. The water sundrie dayes drunke, doth maruey∣lously helpe the suffocation or strangling of the Matrice, inso∣much that it throughly deliuereth and healeth such of the same griefe: And a 〈◊〉 dayly dee (in a 〈◊〉) with this griefe Page  49 for certaine yeares, was in the ende throughly cured of the same, by drinking of the water boyled with an ounce of the roote swéet∣ned with Sugar (at the going to Bedde) once in the wéeke, for one whole yeare.

The water of Shepeheardes Purse. The .xv. Chapter.

THe Herbe with the whole substance gathered and shredde small, requireth to be dystilled in Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Maye, or beginning of Iune: This water drunke mor∣ning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, with a little fine Bole and Plantaine water, is profitable for all ma∣ner of fluxes and grypings of the Bellie, and helpeth the spitting vp of Bloude: in the same maner druncke, stayeth the abundance of the Termes in women, if they sit in the decoction of the Herbe and Persicaria or Arssmart: The water orderly applyed, closeth freshe woundes, and mitigateth the dolour of all woundes, by washing them oftentimes with it: This also dropped warme in∣to the eares▪ amendeth the matterie running of them: The wa∣ter applyed with Lynnen clothes wette in it, on Inflammations, and the Shingles, mightily preuayleth: Yea, it stayeth all fluxes of Bloude, by applying Lynnen clothes wette in it round about, or on the place. This also commended for the washing of wounds on the heade, in that it mightilye stayeth bléeding: and the same druncke to the quantitie of vj. or .vij. ounces swéetened with a little Sugar, stayeth the bléeding of woundes: The water re∣strayneth the bléeding at the Nose, if a Pessarie made with rawe silke and dipped or wette in the same, be put vp into the Nose∣thrils: The lyke it perfourmeth, if with a Lynnen cloth wette in the water, it be applyed on the foreheade.

The water of Camomill. The .xvi. Chapter.

THe Herbe Camomill with the whole substaunce shredde, re∣quireth to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, in a Cucurbite of Glasse, about the ende of May, or beginning of Iune: This wa∣ter drunke morning and euening, to the quantitie of two or thrée Page  [unnumbered] ounces at a tyme, swéetned with Sugar, doth mittigate the paine of the Bellie, and grypings in the Bowels: It strengtheneth the sinewes, taketh away the Palsie, and softeneth styffe members: The same quantitie drunck with Rosed honnie, looseth the Bellie, purgeth downewarde Melancholie and Fleugme, with other clammie humors, and asswageth heate in the Bowels: The wa∣ter in lyke quantitie druncke, amendeth the yelowe Iaundyse, o∣peneth the Vrinall wayes, procureth vrine, & breaketh the stone of the bladder and Kidneys, by mixing the Saxifrag water with it: It mooueth the Termes in women, and expelleth the deade yongling (if any such be) in the wombe of the woman, & all clam∣mie humors besides of the Matrice: This water druncke, in the lyke maner abouesayde, doth put away Agues (without burning in the bowels) procéeding of Cholericke humors, or by thicknesse of the skynne: It also openeth the Mylt stopped, putteth awaye swelling of the stomacke, by comforting and heating, it stayeth besides the fluxe of the Bellie, named Lienteria: In the aboue∣sayde maner druncke, recouereth the impostume of the Lunges, and amendeth the Leprie: The water applyed with Lynnen clothes on the vlcered priuities, asswageth heate, and dimini∣sheth the payne: The water druncke, and applyed with Lynnen clothes wette in it, doth spéedily heale the bytte and stinging of venimous wormes and beastes: The water profiteth the Mar∣rowe or Bones, if they shall be felt colde, by often washing and rubbing of them with the same: It also comforteth the Brayne, ceaseth headach procéeding of a colde cause, stayeth the colde run∣ning of the eares, and draweth downe euill humors from the Brayne, gathered of colde, if the heade by a Lye made with the floures boyled in it, be well washed.

The water of Honysuckles. The .xvij. Chapter.

THe tyme congruent to the Dystillation, is, that the flowers bestowed in a Cucurbite of Glasse, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of Iune: This water druncke foure or fiue dayes morning and euening, recouereth the Cardiacke passion, and harde fetching of breath: The water druncke in the Page  50 same maner, helpeth the Dropsie, the shortnesse of wynde, cau∣sing a long breath, and purgeth the stomacke: This in lyke ma∣ner, preuayleth agaynst the stone of the Loynes, purgeth the rey∣nes, and dissolueth the swelling of the Mylt: yet by drincking a long time togither of this, procureth barraynesse all the life time: This water is profitable for them to drincke, which feare the cō∣ming of the Leaprie, and purgeth the bloud: it also amendeth the redde pushes in the Face, putteth awaye Moles, and causeth a cleare face, if it be dyuers tymes in the daye washed wyth the same: the water is effectuous, for Palsie mēbres, which be dryed and consumed, if with the same they be dayly rubbed: it profiteth olde and new woundes, washed morning and euening wyth the same: it also healeth spéedily olde vlcers on the legges, as the worthie Chyrurgian Iohannes de Vigo affirmeth, if they be often washed with the same: this annoynted on any swellinges healeth them, or druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme. The water doth lyke recouer astonished or be∣nummed partes of the body, by diuers dayes drincking, or rub∣bing them wyth it: it healeth the burning or scalding, if the pla∣ces shall be washed wyth the same, or linnen clothes wet in it, ap∣plyed vpon them: it healeth the Canker in the mouth, if it be of∣ten washed wyth the same, and the gummes vlcered within the mouth. A Canker washed wyth the same, morning and euening, or if linnen clothes wette in it be often applyed, doth in short time cure the sore. The water dropped into the eyes, doth amende a thicke and dimme sight. The water healeth a Fistula, putteth a∣waye whelkes, the ytche, and fowle scabbes, by often washing wyth the same.

The water of Centorie the lesser. The .xviij. Chapter.

THe tyme of Distilling this Centorie, is about the ende of Iune: then the stalkes, leaues, and flowers shred togither, re∣quire to be distilled by Balneo Mariae in a cucurbite of glasse: this water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a tyme, is right profitable for them, which haue a rawe and colde stomacke, for all that which is euill and hurtfull Page  [unnumbered] in the same, it cōsumeth: this druncke in the like quantitie aboue∣sayde, draweth and sendeth forth Choller, Flewme, and other grosse Humours by sieges. This water druncke of a Childe, to the quantitie of twoo ounces, but of a man (of full age) fower ounces, in the morning fasting, expelleth the wormes in the bel∣lye: the same druncke at the beginning of the fitte, putteth away the Ague: but druncke for thrée morninges fasting (swéetned with sugar) auayleth agaynst all Agues. The water druncke in the maner abouesayde, helpeth the harde fetching of breath, and put∣teth away an olde cowgh. The water druncke of a woman, expel∣leth out of the wombe the dead younglyng. This is ryght profita∣ble for staying the desire to vomite, & belching of the stomacke: it procureth an appetyte to meate, purgeth and expelleth grosse Humours, of which are woont to procéede Ache and payne in the hyppes, féete and handes, the Iaundyse, and others lyke. The water swéetned with sugare and druncke in the morning fasting, recouereth the stopping of the Lyuer, Loynes, Milte, and Blad∣der: and amendeth the hardnesse of the Lyuer and Milte; it pre∣uayleth agaynst the Chollicke passion, & gripinges of the bowels. The water closeth and cureth new woundes bigge, if they be wa∣shed with the same, or by Lynnen clothes wette in it applyed vp∣pon: and olde vlcers that may hardly be brought to a scarre, are dooing in the same maner couered wyth a scarre. The water druncke much auayleth, in the spitting of Bloude. The water mixed wyth a little Honny, and dropped into the eyes, greatly cleareth them: the same druncke, sendeth downe the Termes. This druncke, helpeth the sinews affected, by emptying and dry∣ing vp the matter offending. The water swéetned wyth Sugar and druncke fasting, is much auayleable, for the obstructions of the lyuer: and applyed aswell without the bodie, as receyued in∣warde, is a singular remedie in the hardnesse of the Milte.

The water of Cherryes. The .xix. Chapter.

THe great, redde, and sower Cherries wyth short stalkes, when they shal be rype, are to be gathered: And for twoo dayes spreade abrde on a shete, after distilled by Balneo Mariae,Page  51 in a Cucurbite of glasse: This water druncke twise or thrise a day, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a tyme, swéetned wyth a little sugar, doth restrayne the termes, the fluxe Dysenteria, and all other Fluxes of the Bellie. In the same maner druncke and ap∣plyed without, amendeth the heate of the Lyuer, stomacke, and other partes of the Bodie, and comforteth the heart. The distilled water of the flowers, dropped into the eyes at euening, when the pacient goeth to bedde, putteth away the pinne and webbe, and o∣ther spottes of the eyes: and the water lyke putteth awaye the rednesse, & watering of the eyes, if it shall be dropped into them, twise or thrise a day. The water of the blacke Cherries (distilled in the same maner) druncke twise a daye, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, helpeth the Dropsie: but it behooueth that the pacient in the meane time refraine, frō taking any other drinck. The water druncke in the same maner, remooueth the depryua∣tion and Palsie of membres: so that they be washed and rub∣bed with the same, and let to drye in by it selfe: in lyke maner washing and gargelling the mouth with it, restoreth the vse of the tongue lost. Also such annoyed wyth those griefes, ought dayly to drincke the water fasting, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme. The water druncke helpeth swellings, and is auayliable in burning, and pestilent Agues, in that it cooleth seasseth, thirst, and yéeldeth strength. The water (of the rype blacke Cherries, new∣lye distilled in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae) druncke to the quantitie of halfe an ounce at a time, or powred into the mouth at the tyme of the fytte of the falling sickenesse, doth forthwith reuyue the person to knowledge of himselfe, and causeth hym to be frée from convulsions and Crampes, vntill the next fitte take hym. Which assoone as it shall happen to come agayne, let the same quantitie of the water be powred into the pacients mouth: for this not onely shall let, but take awaye, and heale altogither the fitte: as the lyke, of experience knowne. A certayne woman afflicted wyth the falling sickenesse, recouered health, and was delyuered throughly of it, by the dayly receyuing (& at the fittes) of the water distilled of the blacke Cherries, the lesser Nettill, and the flowers of the trée named Tilia. The water distilled of the meate and kernelles brused togither, doth sende foorth the sande, Page  [unnumbered] procuring the stone in the Kidneyes and Bladder. The Gumme of the trée infused a tyme in this water, and druncke twise a day, is not onely auayleable agaynst an olde cough, but helpeth such as are vexed wyth the stone.

The water of Cheruell. The .xx. Chapter.

THe chosen time for the distilling of Cheruell is, that the herbe the roote, wyth the whole substaunce finely shred, be distilled by Balneo Mariae, about the midle of Maye: This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of foure ounces at a tyme: helpeth persons bursten, and harmed by a grieuous fall, and re∣solueth the Bloude clotted into lumpes. The same drunke, hel∣peth the stone of the Kidneyes, and a great quantitie druncke at a tyme, looseth the Bellie: it causeth a good stomacke, strengthneth and comforteth the heart, putteth awaye the colde shiuering or shaking of the Ague, amendeth the heade, & comforteth the senses. The water druncke in the maner abouesayde, putteth away most great paynes, and prickinges or stitches, it helpeth the Lunges, and his affectes or griefes.

The water of Germander. The .xxi. Chapter.

THe time of the distillation is about the middle of Maye, then the herbe wyth the whole substaunce shredde small requyreth to be distilled by Balneo Mariae: The water druncke fasting, to the quantitie of foure ounces at a tyme, dissolueth the swollen and harde Milt, prouoketh Vryne, & sendeth downe the termes. This druncke in lyke quantitie, cutteth asundre the grosse and clammie Humours, clenseth the stoppinges of the bowelles, and expelleth the youngling deade. This water for an inwarde rupture is right profitable, if to the quantitie of foure ounces at a tyme, it be often tymes (in the day) druncke. The water dayly druncke, morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, swéetned with a little sugare, purgeth, and causeth good Bloud, gladneth the heart, refresheth and cooleth the Lyuer, especially if it shall be distilled with the flowers. The water also recouereth the exulce∣ration Page  52 of the mouth, if it be often washed wyth the same.

The water of the stocke Gelyflowere. The .xxij. Chapter.

THe congruente tyme for the dystillation is, about the ende of Aprill or myddes of Maye, when the flowers shall be full blowen: then the hearbe wyth the whole substance finely shredde, ought to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, in a Cucurbyte of Glasse. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of two ounces at a time, recouereth the Frenticke person, & comfor∣teth the Brayne. The water in ye same maner druncke, strength∣neth the Lyuer, and Kidneyes, procureth the Termes, causeth women to be fruitfull, clenseth them after the byrth of Childe, and sendeth foorth the younglyng dead. In the same maner the water druncke, heateth and comforteth the hearte colde, sharp∣neth the senses and reason, ioyeth the mynde, clenseth & strength∣neth the Bloude corrupt, heateth the marrow of the bones, and recouereth colde Fluxes. The depriuatiō or Palsie of the tongue, doth the water helpe: or if the sydes shall be molested wyth thys euill, the water throughly recouereth, by drincking twise a daye of it, or rubbing the membres therewyth. The water deliuereth the trembling of the handes, if they be rubbed wyth the same: the lyke doth the water performe, druncke Morning and Euening. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of two ounces at a tyme, temperateth the heate of the heart, comforteth and openeth the same. The water droped twise in the daye, doth put awaye spottes in the eyes, wheather those shall procéede of heate, or of colde, and procureth a cleare and fayre face. The wa∣ter seaseth all paynes of the head, by applying and binding about the heade, Lynnen clothes wette in it: and in the same maner ap∣plyed, procureth sléepe to weake persons.

The water of Dragons. The .xxiij. Chapter.

THe congruent time of dystilling is, that the roote shredde and brused be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, betwéene the monethes of Iuly and September. This water druncke with a little Rosed Page  [unnumbered] honnie, preuayleth agaynst the plague. The water druncke mor∣ning and euening, helpeth the Cough, openeth obstructions, at∣tenuateth grosse Flewme, purgeth the breast of euill humours, clenseth the Bowels, and helpeth the dropping of Vrine. The water is greatly auayleable, if any shall happen to haue a grie∣uous fall, or be stricken, or pricked wyth weapon, or brused by staffe, that the Bloude wythin the bodie or skinne shall be conge∣led: then take a wyne pinte of this water, and foure ounces of Muster séede brused, these after the tempering wyth foure ounces of Cheruell water, and strayned through a cloth, and wringed out to the maner of Milke, giue to drincke (swéetned afore wyth halfe an ounce of Sugar pennuttes) morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, for this throughly helpeth in short tyme. If Cotton wette in the water, be layde on freshe woundes, stayeth the bléeding of them. It also healeth woundes, by Lynnen clothes (wette in it) applyed vpon: or by drincking morning and euening, to the quantitie of two ounces at a tyme. The féete astonished and without féeling by colde, wash morning and euening with the same water: For it expelleth the colde, and mitigateth the griefe. The person bytte or stinged of a Snake or Adder, let him wash the gréeued place wyth Lynnen clothes wet in it, and applye those vpon the sore, for it spéedily helpeth. The lyke doth heale a Canker, if Lynnen clothes wette be applyed.

The water of the greater Comferie. The .xxiiij. Chapter.

THe rootes wyth the whole Hearbe shredde & brused, require to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae about ye middle of the Spring. This water druncke, helpeth such as are bursten, and that haue broken the bone of the legge: by taking of the same to the quanti∣tie of thrée ounces at a tyme, both Morning, noone, and at Eue∣ning: It healeth the choppes of the lippes, if they shall be washed wyth the same. The water druncke, and Lynnen clothes (after the wetting in it) applyed vpon, doth spéedily heale woundes, and extinguisheth inflamations, and seaseth paynes. The water in the same maner applyed, asswageth the burning of the Shingles, and expelleth outwarde swellinges. Applyed wyth Cotton wette Page  53 in it, stayeth the bléeding of woundes: the lyke it performeth, if myxed wyth anye other drincke, it be druncke twise or thryse a day. The water druncke twyse a day, dissolueth and sendeth forth the clottes of bloude congealed in the stomacke, or in any other part of the Bodie. And this applyed wyth Lynnen clothes wette in it, doth marueylously clense and sease the running of Matterie vlcers eaten in, hapning about the pryuie place of man or wo∣man.

The water of Quinces. The .xxv. Chapter.

THe chosen tyme for dystilling of Quinces is, when they be rype: then they shredde and brused, requyre to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, in a Cucurbyte of Glasse. This water to the quantitie of foure ounces, myxed wyth thrée ounces of thicke red wyne, and druncke morning, noone, and at euening, yéeldeth fresh bloude, amendeth an euill stomacke, in that it comforteth and strengthneth the same, retayneth the meate in it, and putteth a∣way the wyll to vomite: It also seaseth belching of the stomacke and vomiting, and restrayneth all maner of Fluxes of the bellie, and comforteth all the membres of the bodie, by daily and often drincking of it: the water amendeth the exulceratiō of the throte, if it be often gargelled wythin the mouth. The water retayned in the mouth, seaseth thirst, healeth tongue vlcered, and cooleth the heate of the stomacke. The water taken with a dram wayght of some Cordiall powder at euening, procureth an appetyte and desire to eate, yéeldeth a great strength to the heart, and comfor∣teth it, and putteth awaye drunckennesse. In the griefes of the bowelles this is not to be vsed, in that it restrayneth: and in Fe∣uers this neyther is to be ministred, when as anye coueteth to haue the bellie soluble. The water of Quince flowers (dystilled by Balneo Mariae in a Cucurbyte of Glasse) druncke of women, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme, stayeth the great Fluxe of the Termes. In the same maner druncke, comforteth the heart: and stayeth the will to vomite and vomiting, by drincking to the quantitie of three ounces at a tyme, morning, noone, and at euening.

Page  [unnumbered]

The water of Doder. The .xxvi. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme of Dystilling the Doder is, when the stringes, eyes, or séedes beginne to appeare, for it hath no leaues as other hearbes: then to shredde the whole substance, and dystill it by Balneo Mariae: thys water druncke morning and eue∣ning, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, recouereth all griefes of the Lyuer and Lunges, by purging and comforting: for it clenseth, by a certayne astriction strengthneth: it openeth the stoppinges of the Lyuer, and dyssolueth the hardnesse of the Mylt and Lyuer, by drincking of the water of heartes tongue myxed wyth the same. The water druncke twyse a daye, expel∣leth Flewmaticke and Chollericke humours out of the Bodie, and causeth Vryne. In the same maner druncke, putteth awaye Iaundise, and sendeth furth the stone of the Bladder. It helpeth the grypings of the Bellie, druncke morning and euening: the water dropped into the eyes, causeth them cleare wythin short time. The water recouereth womens places colde, if it be drunke in the foresayd maner. The water helpeth women, whose termes be stayed, and that haue a swelling about the Nauell. The water druncke with a little powder of Annis séedes▪ profiteth such which abounde in corrupt Bloude, and be infected wyth fowle or Lea∣prowse scabbes. The water myxed wyth common drincke, and druncke daylie for a tyme, comforteth the stomacke. The water helpeth Feuers in Chyldren, gyuen in Ale wyth a little of the powder of Annis séedes, in that it purgeth the hote humour.

The water of Elecampane. The .xxvij. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme for dystillation is, that the rootes wyth the Hearbe shredde togither, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Maye: This water druncke morning and eue∣ning, to the quantitie of an Egge shell full at a tyme, for fyue or sixe dayes togyther, delyuereth the griefe of the stone: washing the téeth therewyth, strengthneth them, & i amendeth the cough, by drinking twoo ounces at a tyme wyth the powder of Lycorise Page  54 and Annis séedes myxed. It also expelleth wormes in the Bodie, helpeth conuulsions and swellinges, and payne in the Loynes. In the foresayde maner druncke, or taken with drinke, helpeth such bursten. The water druncke wyth a little Rosed honie, and the heade well laboured with the same, that it may drye in by it selfe, comforteth the heade. The water druncke many dayes togither, not onely comforteth and strengthneth the stomacke, but clenseth the breast and Lunges, of grosse and clammie humours: Yea, this causeth a fayre skinne to women, both in face and Bodie, through the often vsing of it. It also procureth a glansome minde, and the person often vsing the same, to haue a chéerfull and amy∣able countenaunce. The water druncke and annoynted, strength∣neth loose membres. It profiteth such fetching the breath hardly, by drincking sundrie morninges wyth Rosed honie. The water druncke morning and euening, for a certayne tyme togyther, ex∣pelleth the stone of the Kydneyes and Bladder, clenseth them, and causeth Vryne. The water of the rootes alone (dystilled about the ende of Maye, or from the moneth of Iulye vnto September) druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a tyme, for certayne dayes, healeth an inner rupture. In the same maner druncke, helpeth the stone, prouoketh the Termes in women, delyuereth the griefe of the stone, and cau∣seth Vryne. This druncke in the abouesayd maner, sendeth furth the dead yongling out of the mothers wombe. It like druncke, or applyed with linnē clothes, dissolueth & putteth away the swelling of womens places. This on such wyse druncke, or applyed, remoo∣ueth the swelling of the testicles. The water often druncke, swéet∣ned wyth Rosed honnie, seasseth the Coughe, and consumeth the grosse and clammie humours, detayned wythin the Breast.

The water of Eiebright. The .xxviij. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme for the dystillatiō of it is, that the leaues, stalkes, flowers, wyth the whole substaunce be dystilled in a Cucurbyte of glasse by Balneo Mariae, when it yéeldeth or beareth the flowers. This water dropped and stryked about the eyes, cau∣seth cleare eyes, and sharpeneth the sight: the water vsed in the Page  [unnumbered] same maner seasseth the payne of the eies: the water dropped in∣to the eyes an houre before night, and striked about, & druncke to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, comforteth, strength∣neth, and preserueth the sight, especially in the aged persons, and flewmaticke of complexion. The hearbe dryed and brought to powder, and eaten euerie day in a reare potched Egge, for a cer∣tayne tyme togither, restoreth sight lost: the water myxed wyth halfe a dramme of the powder, and druncke euerie euening for a moneth or fourtie dayes togyther, recouereth a weake sight.

The water of our Beanes. The .xxix. Chapter.

THe best tyme of dystilling them, that the gréene bestowed in a Cucurbyte of Glosse, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae: wyth the water of Beanes, washe vlcered and matterie legges, & that remayning after the water dystilled quite forth, bring by heate of fire into powder: Which then sprinckle on the sore, for it dryeth vp, and is the best remedie for fowle and matterie legges. The water of the Beane coddes (distilled when the Sunne shall be in Leo, and the Moone in Aries) druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a time, doth marueylously remooue and helpe the griefe of the stone, of the Kydneyes and Bladder. The water of the gréene hearbe wyth the stalkes (dy∣stilled about the ende of Maye) druncke for certayne dayes, mor∣ning & euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme swéet∣ned wyth sugar, putteth away the stone in Children, the same euerie day druncke, to the quantitie of foure or fyue ounces at a tyme, preuayleth agaynst a strong Poyson. The water druncke in the lyke maner for a moneth, engendreth good and pure bloud. The face and skinne of the Bodie washed wyth the same water, procureth a soft skinne and cleare, and a fayre face. The water of the flowers (gathered at the full rypenesse and before the rotting, dystilled in a Cucurbyte of Glasse by Balneo Mariae) dropped in∣to the eyes at euening, dryeth vp the watering and dropping of the eyes. It amendeth the exulceration and rednesse of the eyes dropped into them, after the maner abouesayd. The lyke it auay∣leth in pushes of the eyes. The face also washed wyth thys water Page  55 or laboured on the Bodye, causeth a cleare and soft skinne, and clenseth or taketh away spottes on the skynne. The same druncke to the quantitie of sixe ounces at a time, auayleth agaynst poyson. If Lynnen clothes wette in it be applyed vpon, doth drawe furth Dart or Arrow heades, and thornes runne into the Bodie. The water druncke of women morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée or foure ounces at a tyme, for sixe or seauen dayes togy∣ther, sendeth downe their Termes in due season. The water ex∣tinguisheth the burning of the Shingles, and expelleth euill pu∣shes, if it be applyed morning and euening, wyth a Lynnen cloth or soft towe wette in the same.

The water of Filipendula. The .xxx. Chapter.

THe chosen time for dystillyng the same is, that the whole herbe with the rootes shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae about the ende of Maye. This water druncke Morning & Euening, to the quantitye of thrée ounces at a time, with a dram waight of the powder of the Gentiane roote, swéetned with sugar, healpeth the stayinge backe of the vryne, and dropping of the same: it also amendeth the coldenesse of stomacke, and helpeth digestion. This in lyke maner druncke, helpeth such fetching the breath shorte and painefully, and all sicknesses procéeding of a cold cause. The water druncke in the like quantitie abouesayd, mixed with a dram waight of the powder of the blessed Thistell, swéetned with sugar, helpeth the plague, and preuayleth against poison, eaten or druncke by happe: The water druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitye of fower or sixe ounces at a tyme, swéetned with Sugar, easeth the griefes, and expelleth the stone of the Kydneyes and Bladder.

The Water of Fumitarie. The .xxxi. Chapter.

THe best tyme of dystillation is, that the herbe with the whole substance shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo, about the end of Maye or the middes of Iune: this water druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a tyme, re∣couereth Page  [unnumbered] the Iaundyse, and cleareth awaye the foule scabbe on the face, after the kinde of a Leaprie, and preserueth the person by the dailye vsinge of it, from the Leaprie. In the same maner druncke, helpeth euery kinde of scabbes, the morfew, & ytche. Let the pacient entred into Bath drincke this wyth a little Triacle, for it then prouoketh sweate, by which the bloude is pourged, and helpeth the sickenesse, which is procéeded of corrupt bloud. In the tyme of the plague maye the water be vsed, in that it preserueth such by drincking of it. The water myxed with fine Tryacle and pure bole Armoniake, and giuen to that pacient afflicted with the plague, yealdeth a helpe, & deliuereth him in short tyme. The wa∣ter druncke attenuateth, pierceth, openeth obstructions, & looseth the bellye: it also purgeth the bloud, Choller, and all discommo∣dities procéeding of chollor, & adust humours. The water drunck twise a daye, strengthneth the stomack, the Lyuer, and the Bow∣els: it also putteth away the chollericke and burning Agues, and those sicknesse which are caused by the obstruction of the vessels. The water in the foresayd maner druncke, prouoketh much chol∣lericke vryne, and helpeth the stoppings of the Lyuer. It also put∣teth away clotted bloude, and dissolueth the swelling, both within and without the bodie, and prouoketh the termes in women. The water druncke with a dram waight of the powder of Synamon, comforteth the stomacke, prouoketh vrine, putteth away scabbes and ytche, and mundifyeth the bloude. A potion of the same wa∣ter recouereth vlcers of the mouth and dolours.

The water of the garden Clare. The .xxxij. Chapter.

THe aptest tyme for the Dystillation of it, is, that the whole herbe shredde small, be distilled by Balneo Mariae, about the myddle of Maye: this water druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time swéetned wyth Sugare, ceasseth the gripings of the bellie, and paynes of the stomack and sides, the rather by applyng vpon the places, lynnen clothes wet often in it. The water drunck twise a day, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, remooueth the payne of womens places, and prepareth them apt to conceiue with childe: it also comforteth and Page  56 recouereth the members harmed by colde, by applying lynnen clothes wette in it on the places.

The water of Caryophyllata. The .xxxiij. Chapter.

THe Herbe wyth the rootes finely shredde, and bestowed in a Cucurbite of glasse, requyre to be distilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of March or myddes of April, this water druncke Morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée or foure ounces at a tyme, swéetned wyth Sugar, for fower of fiue dayes togither, ceasseth gripinges of the bellie, stayeth the blouddie fluxe, wo∣mens Termes, the spitting of bloude, and strengthneth a colde brayne. This in like maner druncke, purgeth all euill & clammye humours, and sendeth them furth of the bodie. The water drunck in the foresayde maner digesteth meate hard of digestion, and a∣mendeth a colde stomake. This druncke twise a daye, profyteth the Lyuer. The water druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitye of thrée or fower ounces at a tyme, healeth the inner woundes of the breast, the like doth this recouer woundes, déepe and desperate vlcers, if they be often washed, and that linnen clo∣thes wette in it be applyed on the fores. The water helpeth im∣postumes, by applying lynnen clothes wet in it on the swellings. The water druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitye of thrée ounces at a tyme swéetned with Sugar, healeth fistulaes: it also profiteth much, if they be washed with the same, or that lin∣nen clothes wette in it, be applyed on the places. The water re∣mooueth and putteth away spots, & moles, or other like markes, which Infantes haue taken of the Moothers: if they be often wa∣shed in their Infancie, with that water.

The Water of Broome flowers. The .xxxiiij. Chapter.

THe dystillation of the flowers, is to be done by Balneo Mariae, in a Cucurbite of glasse, when the flowers are full rype, and begynne in a maner to fall of: thys water druncke wyth a little Rosed honye, morning & euening, to the quantitie of two or thrée ounces at a tyme, for twelue of fourtéene dayes togither, draweth Page  [unnumbered] humors from the ioyntes, purgeth flewme, and auayleth against the shedding of the Gaule. The water druncke twise a day, to the quantitye of fiue or sixe ounces at a tyme, swéetned wyth Rosed honye, and a dram waight of the powder of Feell séedes myxed expelleth the excrementes of the kidneyes, causeth vrine effectu∣ously, and breaketh the stone as well in the bladder, as in the kid∣neyes and suffereth not matter after to gather in th•••, to harden into a stone. The water druncke with Oximell or 〈◊〉 hony for a certayne tyme, dissolueth the hardnesse of the Mylte, and put∣teth away the swellinges in the throte. The water profiteth the heade, if applyed, it be suffered to drie in by it selfe: thys in lyke maner ordred, recouereth the wearinesse of members.

The Water of Gentiane. The .xxxv. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme for dystilling onely the roote (as more commendid) is, that the gréene or freshe roote shredde small, and bestowed in a Cucurbyte of glasse, be distilled by Balneo Ma∣riae, about the ende of the Caniculare dayes: where otherwise the dryed rootes infused a tyme in wyne, maye be dystilled at anye tyme. The water symple of the fresh rootes druncke often fasting, to the quantity of thrée ouncs at a tyme, expelleth feuers caused by the obstruction of the Bowells, and other partes of the bodie, kylleth the wormes in the bellie, clenseth all maner of spottes in the face, if they be often washed with the same and prolongeth mans lyfe, in that it consumeth all the clammye humours in the stomacke. The water like druncke prouoketh the termes in wo∣men, and causeth vryne, & against the plague and stinging or bit of venimous wormes and Beastes, this druncke and applyed with lynnen clothes, doth myraculously auayle. The water druncke of him which hath taken by happe the venemous and monstruous bloude of a nim 455. expelleth the same, nor suffereth any hurtfull disease to insue to the parson. The water druncke fasting for cer∣tayne dayes, procureth an appetite to meate, and purgeth the stomacke of clammye humours. If with it (before the taking) be halfe a drame of pure Calamus Aromaticus brought to fyne pow∣der and a dramme of Sugar myxed, the same potion taken thrée Page  57 or foure tymes, doth mightily restore the taste and desire to rate. The ater druncke with a dramme of Ginger, and an ounce of Sugar asting, doth spéedily deliuer the grypings of the Bellye caused by wynde, and the obstruction in the flankes. This of ex∣perience foune, that the freshe roote brused and applyed in play∣ster forme on the bellie, doth vndoubtedly kill the wormes consi∣sting in the Bowels.

The Water of ioynted Grasse. The .xxxvi. Chapter.

THe congruent Distillation of it, is done of the Herbe with the rootes, and the whole substance shredde small: And the same after the bestowing in a Cucurbite of Glasse, distilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Maye. This water drunke mor∣ning and Euening, to the quantitie of foure ounces at a tyme, with a dramme of the fyne powder of Synamone, and a little Sugar, stayeth the great fluxe of the Bellie. The same quantitie of the water drunke at one time, purgeth the Reynes, prouoketh vryne, and openeth the stopping of partes in the bodie. The like quantitie taken with a little Rosed Honie fasting, expelleth the wormes in the Bellie: to Infantes and children, onely giue but twoo ounces: to youth of more yeares minister thrée ounces: to men and elder persons, foure ounces, as aboue taught. The wa∣ter ceaseth the grieuous payne of the Shyngles, by applying lynnen clothes wette in it▪ It putteth awaye the Feuer arysing by heate, eyther by drinking or applying the same without the bodie. The water preuayleth against all paynes, and burning beate of woundes, yea, and closeth them, if they be gently was∣shed and soupled with a lynnen clothe wette in it, or lynnen clo∣thes wette in the same be applyed. The water in the foresayde quantitie, drunke fasting, ceaseth and helpeth the grypinges of the Bowels, amendeth the stopping of Vryne, recouereth the vlcers of the Bladder, and breaketh the stone: but a dramme of the powder of the séedes mixed with the water, more auayleth in sending forth the vryne. The water dropt warme in the mat∣terie eares, healeth them in short time: It profyteth the rotten∣nesse of the Gummes, if they be often washed with the same. Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  59〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered] This helpeth blacke pushes if a ly••nen clothe or soft Towe wette in it, be applyed twyse or thyce a daye, and that at eche tyme be thrée or fower ounces drunck. The water ceaseth all ma∣ner of heates, by applying without, lynnen clothes wette in it. In yongmen, and of xxx. yeares, doth this water m••e worke, than in the elder persons.

The water of Grounde Yuie or Tunhoue. The .xxxvij. Chapter.

THe congruent time of Dystillation is, that the whole herbe shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the be∣ginning of Iune. This water drincke morning and euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme, swéetened with Sugar, preuayleth against the trembling of the heart, the Kinges uill, and a weake stomacke. The water druncke in a bathe, through∣lye clenseth clammie hmours, which are contayned in the sto∣macke, the Lungs, the Liuer, and Bladder, and procureth the erson healthfull. The water druncke in like maner, preuayleth ••ainst the infection and poyson of the Plague, in that it expel∣eth the same. The water druncke twyse a daye, to the quantitie abouesayde, doth recouer the vlcers of the Heads, openeth the stopping of the Lyuer and Mylt, draweth downe the Trmes of women, and prouoketh vrine. The water drunck morning, noone, and at euening, preuayleth against the wearynesse of members in women, if the partes also be rubbed, with it fower times in a daye. This water stilled into dropping and running eyes, stayeth and dryeth vp the water. The like perfourmeth the •••ce of the leaues, or myxed with this water, and applyed to them.

The water of Cowslippes. The .xxxviij. Chapter.

THe aptest time for Dystillation of it, is, that the leaues and floures, with the whole substance shredde togither, be dystil∣led by Balneo Mariae (in a Cucurbite of Glasse) about the begin∣ning of Maye, or sooner. This water druncke twyce a day, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme, heateth the stomacke, the Liuer, and Matrice. For which cause it is much auayleable for Page  58 women painfully traueyling, and prouoketh the termes in them. The water in the foresayde maner druncke, asswageth swel∣lings of the hoade, if lynnen clothes wette in it, be often apply∣ed: The water twyse a day drunck, resolueth humors gathered, causing ache in the Hyppes and Ioyntes, and sendeth them forth by vrine. This water preuayleth against all maner of headache procéeding of colde, by applying lynnen clothes wette in it, to the aking heade. It healeth also the bytte and stinging of veni∣mous wormes and beastes, and all poysonings. The water clen∣seth the fowle staynings, the wrinckling and spottes of the face, and the rest of the bdie: in that it causeth a smoothe and fayre skynne, by often washing with the same. The water druncke twyse a day, helpeth the Palsie, putteth awaye the stone in the Kidneyes and Bladder: It also recouereth loose and broken bo∣nes, by drinking and often applying lynnen clothes wette in it. The flowers made into a Cone••e with Sugar, profite such as are féeble and often swounding, and that be decayd of strength, in that they recouer and restore strength lost.

The water of Stoikes bill, or herbe Robert. The .xxxix. Chapter.

THe ••st congruent time for Distillation of it, is, that the stalkes, leaues, and whole substance shredde small, be distil∣led in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of May, or beginning of Iune. This water druncke Morning and Euening to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, mixed with a little Pepper and Myrrhe in fine powder, profiteth such as are dacayed in strength: and the like quantitie druncke twyce a day for thrée dayes togither (or longer time) mixed with Rosed Ho∣nie, preuayleth against Inflations, and recouereth the Phthisick or sore in the Lunges with a Consumption of all the bodie. The water drnck with halfe an ounce of the séedes, and a quantitie of Myrrhe and Pepper in fine powder myxed togither, doth put awaye the rycke and syffenesse of turning the necke. The wa∣ter profiteth the exulceration of womens places, if they be was∣shed twise a daye with the same, and that lynnen clothes wette in it, be applyed. This water putteth away the blacke and blewe Page  [unnumbered] of the skinne, caused by a fall or stype, if it be applyed with lin∣nen clothes thrée or foure times a day: in that it dissolueth and weareth away the congealeloude vnder the skinne. Ths also healeth the Fistula, if it be washed with the water morning and euening, or that lyn••n clothes wette in it be applyed. The wa∣ter auayleth against ioyntaches of the shoulders and féete, if it be laboured on the grieued place▪ or that it be▪ applyed with lyn∣nen clothes wette in it. The water applyed with linnen clothes wet in it, putteth away swellings of the Pappes, and ceaseth the payne of them. The water applyed on brused & shaken members to péeces, recouereth them, and putteth away the clotted blouder.

The water of Horsetayle. The .xl. Chapter.

THe congruent time for the distillation of it, is, that the herb and rootes shred smal, be dsti••ed by Balneo Mariae, about the middes of Maye. This water drunke morning and euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time▪ mixed with a dramme of the powder of Cynamone and a little Sugar, recouereth the spitting of bloude, healeth the bowels exulcerated and hurt, stay∣eth the termes of Women, the fluxe Dysenteria, and all other fluxes of the Bellie, cureth the Bladder, vlcered, comforteth the stomacke harmed, and the Lyuer, by applying also of lynnen clothes wette in it without. The water druncke morning, noone, and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, swéete∣ned with a little Sugar, and that lynnen clothes wette in it, be applyed in a playster forme, asswageth inflammations, and bur∣ning of the Shingles. The water druncke twyse a daye, helpeth the griefe of the stone, & the Strangurie. The water recouereth the perillous fluxe Dysenteria, if a linnen clothe wet in it, be often applyed to the fundament. The water applyed hote with lynnen clothes, to the mans priuie member swollen, doth put awaye the swelling, & ceaseth the payne. The water healeth woundes of the féete, & the holes open, if they be washed with the same. The wa∣ter applyed with lynnen clothes on the swelling of the Dropsie, morning & euening, doth asswage & put away the same. The wa∣ter applyed with linnen clothes wet in it to the foreheade & nose, Page  59 and put within the nosthrils, restrayneth and stayeth the bléeding of the nose, and putteth awaye the running of the nose, by draw∣ing it vp by the nosthrils.

The water of Hoppes. The ▪xli. Chapter.

THe congruent time for Dystillation of it, is, that the vpper toppes, and first braunches cut vp (in heygth or length of two handbredthes) and shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Ma∣riae, about the ende of Aprill. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, and that mixed with Rosed hony, it be vsed for thrée or fower wéekes togither, putteth away Melancholie, of which commonly is caused scabs, ytche, and the Leprie, and such lyke griefes that are woont to happen of corrupt bloude. The water druncke in the abouesayde maner, openeth the stopping of the Milt, putteth away the pric∣king, and all griefes, which are woont to be caused by the stop∣ping of the Mylt. The water druncke, and of it dropped at Eue∣ning into the eares, clenseth and weareth away the mattering of them. The water myxed with a like quantitie of Hartes tongue water, and druncke with a little Rosed Honie, or Sugar, before the beginning of the cold, deliuereth the Quartaine ague in short time. The water on such wise prepared, and druncke twise a day, amendeth the harde fetching of breath, and the stopping of the Breast. The waters like prepared and drunck, putteth away the Iaundise, and Dropsie, and looseth the belly. The water druncke, correcteth Choller, purgeth the bloude of the same, and extin∣guisheth his inflammations. It also putteth away headach, ga∣thered of heate. The water druncke, mittigateth the heate of the Lyuer, and stomacke, and auayleth in Feuers, caused of Chol∣ler and bloud.

The water of Henbane. The .xlij. Chapter.

THe chosen tyme for Dystillation of it, is, that the whole Herbe with the rootes and flowers shred and brused, be dy∣stilled about S. Iohns daye. This water ceaseth all manner of Page  [unnumbered] payne of the head, procéeding of heate, if the head be rubbed and laboured with the same. The water annoynted on the forhead and Temples, and washing the féete with it, procureth sléepe in a sharpe sickenesse, the rather, if the séedes brought to powder, and myxed with womans milke, and the whyte of an Egge, and a little Vinegar, be applyed on the Temples: It represseth and asswageth all maner of heate, if linnen clothes wette in it be ap∣plyed on the places: On such wyse it remooueth all dolour of the members, and palifyeth, or rather hydeth the forme of the Leprie on the face, if it be often washed and sowpled with the same, in that it draweth forth all maner of heate not naturall. The water profiteth them, which haue no naturall rest, by ap∣plying it (by discretion) as well within, as without the bodie: and if it be laboured oftentimes on the heade, and applyed with linnen clothes wette in it, then it causeth a man the rather to rest naturally.

The water of Hartes ease. The .xliij. Chapter.

THe congruent time for dystillation of it, is, that the Herbe with the Flowers shredde and bruised, be dystilled by Bal∣neo Mariae, in a Cucurbite of Glasse, about the ende of Iune, or myddes of Iulie. This water ministred to children twyse a day, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, swéetened with a little Sugar, recouereth without doubt the burning heate that com∣monly taketh them. The water drunke morning and euening, to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a tyme, helpeth such hard∣ly breathing, and drawing the wynde short▪ the inflammation and impostume of the Lunges, and those which haue a strayte∣nesse about the heart and breast, and that haue there some sore or a swelling. The water druncke fasting for a certaine tyme, hea∣leth scabbednesse, and all other corruptions of the skynne.

The water of Iuniper Beries. The .xliiij. Chapter.

THe congruent dystillation of the Beries, is, when they bée rype, and waxing blacke, then they ought to be bruised and Page  60 dystilled by Balneo Mariae. This water drunke morning, noone, and at euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, swéete∣ned with a little Sugar, deliuereth and helpeth the stone of the kidneyes and Bladder, also clenseth the kidneyes and Bladder, causeth vryne, and draweth downe the termes of Women, by drincking thrée ounces at a time, with a dramme of the powder of Cassia lignea. The water druncke with a little Cinamone and Sugar, expelleth the deade yoongling, and poyson, and profiteth against the byte and stinging of venimous beasts, and wormes. The water auayleth against all ioyntaches, procéeding of colde, if the ioyntes be rubbed and applyed with the same, morning, noone, and at euening, and let after to drye in by it selfe. The water attenuateth, openeth, and clenseth filthie vlcers, if they be washed with the same.

The water of the woode Lillie. The .xlv. Chapter.

THe flowers onelye are distilled in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae, about the middes of the Spring: yet the roo∣tes distilled, more excell. The water of the flowers druncke, to the quantitie of sixe ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, re∣couereth them which haue eaten poyson in their meate. The wa∣ter ministred orderly, preuayleth against the byte of a madde Dogge, it helpeth the harde traueyle of Chylde, comforteth the Brayne, the Heart, the Liuer, and other spirituall members, and riddeth away the falling sickenesse, by drincking of the same for fortie dayes togither. The water druncke fasting, swéetened with a little Sugar, helpeth swounding, recouereth the lacke of speach lost, and sundrie diseases of the bodie, and restoreth plen∣tie of mylke in womens brestes. The water druncke in the fore∣sayde maner, helpeth the Strangurie, auayleth against the pric∣king about the heart, and amendeth the inflammation of the Li∣uer. The water druncke twyse a daye, stayeth the immoderate course of the termes in women. The water health the byte and stinging of venimous beastes, and woormes, if a lynnen clothe wette in it, be applyed on the place. The water dropped into the eyes, putteth away the inflammation and darckenesse of them. Page  [unnumbered] It cooleth also hote inflammations, by applying Lynnen clothes wette in the same. Whose members or head doe tremble, it be∣hooueth him afore to washe purely, and drie them, after to rubbe and labor this water on the places, and to let it dry in by it selfe, recouereth them, if this be done morning and euening. The wa∣ter applyed with Lynnen clothes wette in it, putteth awaye the payne of the priusties. To conclude, this water orderly mini∣stred, recouereth loose and palsie members, the falling sicknesse, convulsions, dazeling and swimming of the heade, and swoun∣ding. In Germanie, certaine doe make of the Flowers dryed in the summer time, a wine (in the time of pressing forth ye Grapes) which after the myxing and standing togither a certaine time, they minister of it for the foresayde griefes. But there are other, which stéepe a pounde of the freshe flowers in a gallon or twoo of olde wyne, and set the Glasse in the Sunne for sixe wéekes or two Monethes, putting to it of Lauander, and of Rosemarie flowers, with sundrie pleasant spyces: this after the strayning, they di∣still in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae, which water pur∣chased, they bestowed (for the preciousnesse of it) in Siluer or Golden vesselles close stopped, and they name this the Golden water, which they vse to all the foresayde griefes of the bodye: The rather if it be dystilled thrée tymes ouer, and rectified by a Pellicane, which then ministred with sixe graynes of Pepper, & a little of Lauander water, worketh miraculously: for it cōfor∣teth the Brayne, restoreth such swouning, and left for deade in a maner, yea causeth them to liue after a long time. It also recoue∣reth the depriuation of Senses, putteth away the Cholicke pas∣sion, and profiteth that person which shall haue an impostume in the hinder part of the Brayne and Heade, by drinking a spoone∣full at a time, of this precious water. This water in lyke man∣ner, by applying it often on the foreheade, and hynder part of the head, procureth a good memorie and readie wit. As touching the recouerie of swounding, and great hazard of death by it, the lear∣ned Mathiolus reporteth that he hath of proofe, founde manye ty∣mes the contrarie: yet such is the fame of it (sayeth he) in Ger∣manie, that many cannot refrayne the ministring of the same, yea, in most hote sickenesses.

Page  61

The water of the Wyldinges or Crabbes. The .xlvi. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme for Dystillation of them, is, that they bruised, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Oc∣tober. This water druncke Morning, Noone, and at Euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, is a most precious water, and miraculously auayleth against the grypings of the Bowels. The water in lyke maner taken, hel∣peth the fluxe Dysenteria, deliuereth the griefes of the stone, clen∣seth the Reynes and Bladder: The water of the vnrypened Crabbes or Wyldinges (dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about S. Iohns daye) not onelye helpeth the face swollen, by washing it with the same, and letting it to drye in by it selfe, but putteth away the high red colour, and péeling of the skinne on the face, and the red pymples, or other deformitie of the same.

The water of putrified and rotten Apples. The .xlvij. Chapter.

OF the graffed or swéete Apples which shall be rotten, shall you dystill a water by Balneo Mariae. This water helpeth that inflammation, which cooled and putrified larger spreadeth, insomuch that the fleshe falleth out, if the place be morning and euening washed with the same, or Lynnen clothes often ap∣plyed. The water recouereth hote and red swellings, and sores, or Cankers eating, and pestilent Botches, by applying Lynnen clothes wette in it, thryse in the daye. The water of the Apples through ripe (and before their rotting) dystilled by Balneo Mariae, very much auayleth for comforting, in that it cooleth the body and heart, by drinking morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, swéetened with a little Sugar. The flowers of the graffed Apples requyre to be gathered, when as they be tho∣rowe blowen, and by a Lynnen sheete spredde vnder the trée, the blossomes ought to be beaten downe with a staffe, and to be dy∣stilled in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae. This water re∣couereth (and throughly helpeth) the rednesse and deformitie of the face, if for thrée or fower wéekes togither, it be washed mor∣ning Page  [unnumbered] and euening with the same.

The water of the Peache tree flowers. The .xlviij. Chapter.

A Certayne Chymist (of fame in Germanie) dystilled a Rose water out of the Peache Roses or Flowers, which looseth the Bellie, and procureth to vomite: and he tooke for loosing of the Bellie, the water which dystilled forth first (before the Roses were burned) and dystilled them in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae, where he also dystilled the drye herbes, and others in Sand. The water of the leaues (dystilled by Balneo Mariae at the increasing of the Moone in Maye, druncke in the morning fa∣sting, putteth away the griefe of the stone in the loynes, the ra∣ther by taking it thryce a daye, to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a time, which in lyke maner vsed, procureth vrine, and purgeth the Bladder. The water druncke of children fasting, to the quantitie of an ounce at a time swéetened with Sugar, killeth the long wormes in the bodie. The water druncke Morning and Euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, preuayleth agaynst the stone. The water dropped into the eares, killeth the wormes in them: Rubbing the heade with it, ceaseth headach.

The water of the smaller Mallowes. The .xlix. Chapter.

WHen the Mallowes shall beare flowers, then the rootes with the whole Herbe gathered and shredde small, dystill by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of Maye. This water (be∣twéene daye and night) druncke fower tymes to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time swéetned with a little Sugar, recouereth the pricking or stitches in the sides, and Pleurisie, and purgeth woundes. The water druncke, to the quantitie of sixe or eyght ounces at a time fasting, softeneth and looseth the bellie, remoo∣ueth the payne of the Matrice, breaketh and healeth inwarde swellings. The water in lyke maner druncke, stayeth the peril∣lous fluxe Dysenteria, putteth away the griefe of the stone, asswa∣geth the payne of the Bladder, and clenseth the Reynes and Bladder. The water applyed on the Temples, procureth sléepe. Page  62 If the féete of a sicke person of a hote Ague be rubbed or laboured with the same, procureth rest, and ceaseth thirst. The water put∣teth awaye the Impostume behinde the eares, by dropping it warme into them, and by applying it without, and by drincking a quantitie eche day. The water druncke, helpeth the often desire to the stoole, and by applying lynnen clothes wette in it on the Bellie. The water healeth the bytte of venimous things, if it be washed with the same, and lynnen clothes wette in it applyed vpon. This also putteth awaye scabbednesse and ytche, and spots of the body, by dooing the like. The water drunke, resisteth the in∣fection of the Plague, and preserueth the person that he be not ta∣ken with the same sickenesse. The water applyed on woundes, or washed with the same, filleth them with fleshe. The water of the flowers (dystilled in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae) drunke morning, noone, and at euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, putteth away the grypings of the Bowels, hea∣teth and softeneth the Bellie. The water dropped into the eyes, diuers tymes in the day, doth marueylously recouer and restore a decayed sight, as the same of experience founde.

The water of Horehounde. The .L. Chapter.

THe time for Dystillation of it, is, that the whole substaunce, with the rootes shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Maye. This water druncke morning and eue∣ning, to the quantitie of two or thrée ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, preuayleth against the Cough, the hardnesse of fet∣ching breath, the spitting of bloud, & the Dropsie, comforteth the stomack, clenseth the breast, and lungs, openeth the liuer & Mylt, and strengthneth the Kidneys & bladder. It comforteth the yong∣ling in the mothers wombe, druncke of women with chylde, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar. This comforteth and quickeneth the wytte and memorie, by cha∣sing or rubbing it on the head. The water dropped into the eares, taketh awaye the payne of them, purgeth and clenseth freshe woundes, by washing them morning and euening with it: yea, it healeth open vlcers. The water putteth away visions, and Page  [unnumbered] euill dreames, by drincking sundrie times of it. It also helpeth the Dropsie if such refrayne from moyst things, and to much drinc∣king: and all swellings this healeth, by applying it on the places.

The water of the herbe Baulme. The .Li. Chapter.

THe herbe with the whole substaunce shredde small, and well stamped, lay to stéepe for a whole night in good white wine, that it may well dryncke in of the wyne. Which done, dystill the whole on the morrow, in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of May. This water druncke twyse a daye, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme, recouereth in short tyme any kynde of scabbednesse of the bodie, and causeth a swéete sauour of the same, if with a grayne of Muske myxed, it be washed. The water remooueth Pymples, Letters, and all other spots happe∣ning on the face or breast, by myxing a quantitie of the naturall or artificiall Baulme, and washing or rubbing the places wyth the same: and it causeth the face to come to a fayre redde colour. The water druncke euery morning fasting, to the quantitie of a small Nutte shell full at a time, putteth awaye the yll auour or stincking of the breath. The water also remooueth toothache, by holding it a time in the mouth. The water preserueth a long time fleshe or fishe, by lying in it: and poured into turned wyne, resto∣reth the same to be druncke. The water druncke, procureth v∣rine: and applyed with a Lynnen clothe on the bottome of the Bellie, breaketh the stone of the Bladder, causeth vrine, and moo∣ueth the Termes of women. The water druncke, recouereth the payne of the Bodie and Kidneyes. The water druncke twyse a daye, and the herbe applyed in playster forme on that swelling vnder the Chynne, named Scrophula, helpeth it greatly. The wa∣ter druncke fasting, breaketh an impostume growne within the bodie. It healeth also all prickinges or stitches of the heart, and sides. This water taken in the manner abouesayde, is a mortall enimie, or killeth all maner of wormes within the bodie. The wa∣ter druncke fasting, comforteth the afflicted spirites, strengthe∣neth all the members, and recouereth those partes endammaged or grieued with the Goute through colde: For this comforteth Page  63 the sinewes farre better, than any other remedie. The water druncke fasting with a little Triacle, deliuereth and helpeth the falling sicknesse. And the person, which by occasion of any sicke∣nesse cannot speake, by putting a fyne lynnen clothe wette in the water, and put vnder the tongue oftentimes, recouereth the speache hyndered and lacking. The water druncke fasting, com∣forteth the brest, and helpeth digestion. The water drunck twise a day, procureth a swéete breath, ceaseth all inward swellings, put∣teth away the Cholick and grypings of the Bowels, purgeth the matrice, and helpeth the Dropsie. The water applyed on wounds twyse a daye, healeth them in short tyme. The water dropped in∣to the eyes, stayeth the watering of them, and procureth a sharpe sight▪ The water druncke fasting, cheareth the heart, maketh a man merrie, helpeth a colde stomacke, strengthneth the vitall partes, helpeth digestion, recouereth the stoppings of the brayne, amendeth a féeble courage, strengthneth the weakenesse of the heart, and the same especially, by which sléepe is often broken in the night, and the beating of his pulse repressed. It also putteth awaye the cares of the mynde, and troublesome imaginati∣ons, which eyther are of Melancholie, or of adust flewme engendred. The water druncke fasting, sharpeneth the vn∣derstanding, and wytte, and procureth a good or readie me∣morie.

The water of the herbe Mercurie. The .Lij. Chapter.

THe congruent time for the dystillation of it, is, that the whole herbe shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of Iune. This water drawne vp into the Nosethrilles oftentimes, profiteth vnto the purging of the heade, helpeth the running of the eyes, nose, and eares. The water applyed wyth lynnen clothes wette in it, on burnings, healeth them, and mi∣tigateth the griefes. The water tempered with wyne, and ap∣plyed with lynnen clothes wette in it on Vlcers, cureth them. The water druncke in the morning fasting, to the quantitie of two ounces at a time, expeleth superfluous heates, and grosse humors, as Flewme, and the grosse blacke Choler. The water Page  [unnumbered] druncke, and the herbe eaten for thrée dayes togither of women, as a day before, and twoo dayes after the Termes begun, and at the fourth daye (comming out of Bathe) to coeate, worketh a marueylous matter in conception: The rather (as Hippocrates affirmeth) if before it, the powder of the rootes of Iroos and it, for∣med into a Pessarie with Honie, be conueyghed vp into the bodie, the readier to cause the Termes to come downe. The water druncke in time of traueyle of chylde, and a Bathe made with the Herbe and Malloes, sendeth forth the afterburthen. The water dropped into deafe eares, and annoynted with olde wyne, reco∣uereth the hearing. The water of Grummell (dystilled about the ende of Maye, or beginning of Iune) druncke morning and eue∣ning for xxx. or xl. dayes togither, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, with a little of this water, helpeth the stone, the drop∣ping of the vrine, the Strangurie, and griefe of the stone, of the Kidneys and Bladder: It also clenseth the reynes and Bladder.

The water of the Bramble berries. The .Liij. Chapter.

THe congruent time for dystillation of the Berries, is, when they are full rype, but not tarying till they be soft, and it be∣hooueth to washe them before, and to drie them againe, after to dystill them in a Cucurbite of Glasse, by Balneo Mariae. Thy water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, helpeth the stone in children. The water druncke fasting, recouereth the griefe of the stone of the Kidneyes and Bladder. The water gargelled in the throte, profiteth the griefes of the Vuula: and healeth vlcers of the throte, by gargelling it hote, fower times in the day.

The water of Mulberies. The .Liiij. Chapter.

THe Mulberies are to be dystilled, when they are sufficiently rype by Balneo Mariae. This water gargelled to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a time, for thrée or fower times a daye, recouereth vlcrs of the throte. The water handled after the same maner, and druncke downe, putteth awaye impostumes of the Page  64 Breast, expelleth flewme out of the bodie. The water in lyke maner druncke, expelleth and dissolueth the congealed bloude in the bodie, helpeth the Cough, and looseth the binding in the brest. The water of the vnrypened Mulberies (dystilled by Balneo Ma∣riae, dropped and applyed about the eyes, greatly helpeth them. This water often gargelled in the mouth, helpeth the weakenesse of the Vuula, taketh away all manner of roughnesse, exulcerati∣on, and heate of the throte. The water druncke morning and e∣uening, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a tyme, with Rosed honie, recouereth the impostumes of the Liuer.

The water of Nenuplare, or the water Lillie. The .Lv. Chapter.

THe whyte flowers of the water Lyllie, when they are full rype, requyre in the due season to be dystilled by Balneo Ma∣riae. This water druncke with Rosed hony morning and euening, for tenne or thirtéene dayes togither, to the quantitie of twoo oun∣ces at a time, helpeth the shedding of the gall, and a hote and drie Cough. The water also profiteth them which haue an impo∣stume of the Breast, with payne in the side. The water druncke with Sugar, preuayleth against the vlcers of the Bowels, softe∣neth a hote bel••e, and recouereth an olde & watrie rupture. The water druncke in lyke quantiti, preuayleth against the heate of the Plague, putteth away headach, ceaseth the Cough, and hel∣peth the impostumes of the Mylt, if they procéede of heate. The water applyed with Lynnen clothes wette in it, morning and e∣uening, doth mightily extinguish all inflammations in mans bo∣die. It also procureth sléepe, ceaseth the inflammation of the head, the Lyuer, stomacke, and heart. The water especially profiteth vnto the cooling of the hade, if it be often applyed rounde about: and recouereth the heate of the heart, by applying lynnen clothes without. The water drunke fasting, or outwardly applyed, great∣ly auayleth against the consumption of the Bodie. It also deliue∣reth the night formes of Venus in sléepe, and taketh away the Ue∣nereall delight for euer, by drincking it fasting, and washing the Genitals with it for fortie dayes togither. The water applyed without, with lynnen clothes wette in it, doth in short time coole Page  [unnumbered] the burning heate of the Liuer.

The Water of Hasill Nuttes. The .Lvi. Chapter.

THe gréene Hasill nuttes gathered and bruised, requyre to bée dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the myddes of Iuly. Thys water well laboured on the handes and armes, morning and eue∣ning, and let to drye in by it selfe, putteth away scabbednesse, and trembling or shaking of the handes. The water dystilled of the freshe Hasill Nuttes, druncke fasting, to the quantitie of tw drammes at a time, miraculously helpeth the Cholicke, and gry∣pings of the Bowels: a thing sure, and experimented often, as writeth the learneAlexander Benedictus.

The water of Walnuttes. The .Lvij. Chapter.

THe gréene Walnuts gathered and bruised, ought to be dy∣stilled by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of Iuly. This water ministred to drincke to a wounded person, twyse or thryse a daye, putteth awaye the inflammation of the wounde: the ra∣ther, if a lynnen clothe wette in it, be applyed sundrie tymes of the day. The water druncke twyse a daye, to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a tyme, putteth away any maner of heate, and profiteth blacke Pushes, as the Carbuncle, and harde swellings in the grynde, and other pestilent Blysters and swellinges, by ap∣plying (diuers tymes) lynnen clothes wette i it. It also helpeth the Plague, by drinking the like quantitie twyse a daye, with a scruple weight of fine Triacle. Certaine persons there are, which dystill a water out of the Walnuts not ripe, and whole with their shelles, which is soueraigne and auayleable against the plague, and for to foment the places afflicted with Goute, right profita∣ble, as the learned Graterolus wryteth. The water applyed with lynnen clothes wette in it, putteth away Tetters, in that it ex∣tinguisheth and ceaseth payne. The water of the gréene ryndes of the Walnuttes (dystilled by Balneo Mariae, in September) ta∣ken in drincke, with a thirde part of Uinegar, when the heate of the Plague taketh any, and that a veyne before be opened, and Page  65 that he shall drinke it within .xxiiij. houres, is a sure and approued remedie against the Plague. This water dropped into the eares, helpeth the rynging and sounde or noyse of them. The water of the rype ryndes applyed, doth lyke helpe those griefes. The wa∣ter of the Walnut leaues shredde and dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of May, dryeth vp the open vlcers, ceaseth heate, and causeth a smooth skinne to growe againe on vlcers, by ap∣plying lynnen clothes wette in it, morning and euening for a cer∣taine time togither.

The water of Palma Christi. The .Lviij. Chapter.

THe rootes only gathered, and finely shredde, require to be dy∣stilled in a Cucurbite of Glasse, by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of May. This water druncke twyse a daye, recouereth the perillous fluxe Dysenteria, as the same of experience knowne. The water like drunck, expelleth the grosse humors of the body, and by oftentimes washing with it, greatly clenseth and cléereth the face. The water is profitable, ministred to madde persons and franticke, and in the griefes of the sinewes. A dram weyght of the fine powder of the séedes, gyuen with thrée ounces of the water swéetened with a little Sugar, preuayleth against the fal∣ling sicknesse. The water myxed with pure wyne, and druncke at dinner and supper for .xxx. or .xl. dayes togither, doth lyke reco∣uer the falling sicknesse. The water druncke at the beginning of the colde fitte, riddeth away the Quartaine feuer in short time, as a certaine man of proofe affirmeth. The water druncke mor∣ning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, strengtheneth the stomack, heateth and comforteth nature. The water in like maner druncke, putteth awaye the yelowe Iaun∣dise, and prouoketh vrine. The water taken in the morning fa∣sting, for a certaine time togither, to the quantitie of fower oun∣ces at a time, and that Lynnen clothes wette in it, be often ap∣plyed: doth preuayle against all swellings, being as well with∣out, as within the bodie. The water druncke morning and eue∣ning, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, and that Lynnen clothes wette in it, be often applyed, doth heale olde and newe Page  [unnumbered] woundes, aswell wythin happening, as without the bodie.

The water of Cinkfoyle, or fiue leaued grasse. The .Lix. Chapter.

THe best time for dystillation of it, is, that the herbe, stalke, & roote, with the whole substance shred small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the myddes of Maye. This water druncke morning and euening, for certaine dayes, to the quantitie of foure ounces at a time, helpeth the stone, the griefe of the Stone in the Loynes, and clenseth the Reynes. The water druncke fa∣sting, to the quantitie of eygth or nine ounces at a tyme, doth mightily loose the belly, and like resolueth the hardnesse of belly, by applying it without. The water applyed with lynnen clothes wette in it, ceaseth all maner of heates and swellinges: applyed with lynnen clothes wette to the foreheade, stayeth the bléeding at the nose: It recouereth the trembling of members, and the handes, if they be often laboured with the same, and let to drye in by it selfe. The water healeth newe and olde woundes, if they be washed with the same, or applyed with lynnen clothes. It al∣so putteth awaye all swellinges, and Impostumes. The water druncke fasting, for certaine dayes, profiteth against all maner of Feuers, and expelleth them vtterlye. The water of Thow∣rowaxe (dystilled in Balneo) druncke to the quantitie of two oun∣ces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, helpeth the inner rupture of Children, healeth inflammations with a readnesse, and the Shingles, and ceaseth the griefe of a burning stomacke.

The water of S. Iohns Worte. The .Lx. Chapter.

THe best tyme for Dystillation of it, is, that the herbe, the leaues, and flowers drawne from the stalkes, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Iune. This water druncke mor∣ning and euening, to the quantitie of two ounces at a time, pre∣uayleth against the Apoplexie or depriuing of senses. This water myxed with the powder of the rootes, or séedes, or water of Pio∣nie, and druncke twyse or thryse a daye, to the quantitie of two or thrée ounces at a time, recouereth and helpeth the falling sicke∣nesse. Page  66 The water preuayleth against the trembling of members, if they be laboured with the same twyse a day. The water drunck with redde wine, helpeth all manner of superfluous fluxes of the Bellie, the rather being applyed, with a lynnen clothe wette in it. The water druncke morning and euening, healeth all maner of woundes, being as well without as within the Bodie, foynes, or cuttes, the rather if they shall be washed, or applyed often, with a lynnen cloth wette in it.

The water of Pympernell. The .Lxi. Chapter.

THe congruent tyme for dystillation of the lesser Pymper∣nell (which hath a sharpe roote) is, that the rootes, the herbe, with the whole substance shredde and bruised, be dystilled by Bal∣neo Mariae, about the ende of May. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a tyme, swéetened with Sugar, helpeth the stone, and griefe of the stone in the Loynes and Bladder, and clenseth the Reynes. This wa∣ter helpeth the Plague, druncke once wythin sixe dayes. It profi∣teth women, whose matrice is become colde, and draweth downe the Termes. The water druncke in lyke quantitie, with a little of Castoreum brought to fine powder fasting, putteth away the pal∣sie of members. The water druncke fasting, to the quantitie of foure ounces at a time, defendeth the person from sickenesse that daye, in that it putteth away all maner of griefe from the heart, deliuereth euill humors, and procureth vrine: this druncke with a little fine Triacle, preuayleth against poyson. The water cau∣seth a cléere and fayre skinne of the face and handes, if any often washeth these outwarde parts with it.

The water of Plantayne. The .Lxij. Chapter.

THe rootes and herbe with the whole substance shredde small, dystill by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of May. The water druncke for fortie dayes morning and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a tyme, swéetened with a little Sugar, recoue∣reth the Dropsie, a hote Cough, and that swelling procéeding of Page  [unnumbered] a heate, and healeth Blysters and pushes rysing of heate. It pro∣fiteth any fluxe of the Bellie, but especiallye helpeth that fluxe Dysenteria, if you mixe in the drinking, the powders of the stone Hematites and Bole Armoniacke, to the quantitie or weyght of a dramme of eche, with two ounces of the water. This lyke mixed and druncke, stayeth the humorall fluxe, and the ouer great fluxe of the Termes. The water healeth the vlcers and impostume of the Lunges: it preuayleth against poyson. The water recouereth the falling sicknesse, by drincking it for fortie dayes. The water druncke for fower dayes, helpeth the loue medicine, if a purga∣tion be afterwarde taken, and this druncke a time, deliuereth the griefe of the Mylt. It killeth wormes, by drincking fasting the quantitie abouesayde: taken fasting for thrée dayes togither, to the quantitie of foure ounces at a time, helpeth the Ague. It also recouereth the Matrice, and sendeth forth the after burthen. The water helpeth the Plague, and profiteth inflammations, by ap∣plying Lynnen clothes wette in it. The water healeth all vlcers which are happened by a bruise, stripe, fall, or by any other cause. The water retayned a long time in the mouth; healeth all woun∣des and vlcers of the mouth, and the gummes rotten by bloude. The water dropped euery day into a Fistula, healeth it, the ra∣ther if it be often washed with the same. The water dropped into the eares, remooueth the payne of them. It helpeth the Shingles, and dropped or applyed to the eyes, putteth away the swelling of them. The water gargelled in the mouth, recouereth the exulce∣ration of the throte. The water applyed with lynnen clothes on freshe woundes, stayeth the issue of bloud: It healeth the bytte and stinging of venimous beastes and woormes, recouereth in∣flammations, and those with a readnesse, by applying lynnen clothes wette in it. The water applyed with lynnen clothes, pre∣serueth woundes, that no inflammation or other incommoditie happeneth to them. It healeth those Vlcers, which by féeding créepe abrode. The water cureth that fore féeding, which most men name the Wolfe, if in it be boyled the flowers of Pomegra∣nates, Psidia, the Cypresse nuttes, Xylobalsamum, Carpobalsa∣mum, Sugar Alum, of eche an ounce, of Mumia, an ounce and a halfe, and of Camphora one dramme, of Plantaine water one Page  67 pynte: with the which decoction thus prepared, let the sore bée dayly washed. The water often applyed, causeth fleshe to growe againe: it healeth the Fistula in the Fundament, and recouereth Canker sores, by often washing the mouth therewith: it healeth the exulcered bowels, giuen vp in glyster wyse by the funda∣ment. The water applyed on running Pyles with Cotton, cu∣reth them: it cureth also euill Pushes, and grieuous vlcers.

The water of Rybworte. The .Lxij. Chapter.

THe time of Dystillation of it, is, that the rootes and herbe, with the whole substance shredde small, by dystilled by Bal∣neo Mariae, about the myddes of May. This water druncke with Rosed Honie, to the quantitie of foure ounces; twoo houres be∣fore the comming of the fitte, deliuereth the Quartaine feuer, so that it be vsed before the beginning of sundrie fittes. The water in lyke quantitie druncke, sendeth forth the afterburthen, clenseth the Reynes and Bladder, and preuayleth agaynst the vlcers of the Nosethrils or eyes, if they be washed twyse a daye with the same. The water druncke warme, with a little Rosed Honie, ex∣pelleth the wormes of the bellie. This water hath in a manner the same vertues, which the greater Plantaine possesseth, sauing that these are not so mightie in working.

The water of the Polipodie. The .Lxiij. Chapter.

THe seasonable time for Dystillation of the Polipodie of the Oke, is, that the rootes onely gathered (wythout the herbe) and shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, from Iulye to September. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, with Rosed honie, helpeth the Cough, and frensinesse: It also putteth away Melancholie, heauinesse, and griefe of the mynde: and druncke for certaine dayes, deliuereth the quartaine Ague. The like quantitie drunck with the broth of a Cocke or Pullet, expelleth by siege, Melan∣cholie and flewme, and helpeth them greatly which by nature are costiue. The water druncke, looseth the streyghtnesse of the Page  [unnumbered] breast, softeneth the bellie, putteth away fearefull dreames, pro∣uoketh vrine, purgeth the bloude, comforteth the heart, and a∣mendeth an euill colour.

The water of the Daysie. The .Lxiiij. Chapter.

THe herbe and rootes, with the whole substance shredde small, require to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the myddes of May. This water druncke Morning, Noone, and at Euening, to the quantitie of thrée or foure ounces at a tyme, procureth an ap∣petite to meate. The water druncke, profiteth that person, which shall haue a rybbe or legge broken, and healeth woundes, by drincking or washing them with it. The water taken, to the quantitie of sixe ounces at a time, looseth the Bellie, healeth the vlcered bowels, and strengtheneth the Palsie members, if they be often rubbed or laboured with the same. It cooleth the Lyuer, extinguisheth an inwarde heate, represseth Choller, helpeth the blysters of the mouth and tongue, procéeding of heate.

The water of Knotgrasse. The .Lxv. Chapter.

THe whole Herbe with the rootes shredde small, require to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the middes of Maye. Thys water druncke morning, noone, and at euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, stayeth the ouer great fluxe of the bel∣lie. The water profiteth against the Ague, which inuadeth with a heate. It also healeth the Shingles, by applying lynnen clothes wette in the same. The water helpeth all manner of payne of wounds, where an inflammation with rednese consisteth, if they be washed with the same, or that a lynnen clothe wette in it, be often applyed. The water druncke in lyke maner abouesayde, clenseth the Reynes, expelleth the stone of the loynes, procureth vrine, and openeth the obstruction of such members. The water druncke with Rosed honie, profiteth children and men agaynst wormes. It recouereth rotten gummes, if they be often washed with the same, and healeth blacke pushes or bladders, by apply∣ing lynnen clothes wette in it. The water extinguisheth all ma∣ner Page  68 of heates, happening as well within, as without the bodie.

The water of wylde Tansey. The .Lxvi. Chapter.

THe whole Herbe with the rootes shredde small, require to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, from Iuly vnto September. This water druncke morning and euening, for sixe or eight dayes togi∣ther, to the quantitie of twoo or three ounces at a time, stayeth the whyte termes, or whytes in women. The water dropped into the eyes, recouereth the much running of them, and healeth the eye lyddes folding outwarde, by annoynting them often with it. The water applyed to the eyes, profiteth against dymnesse of sight, the pinne and webbe, and other spottes happening in them. The water healeth woundes, if they be washed with the same, and applyed often with lynnen clothes wette in it. If the backe bone be laboured with the same, it taketh away the griefe therof. The water of the flowers (when they shall be full rype, dystilled in a Cucurbite of glasse by Balneo Mariae) druncke in the morning fasting, to the quantitie of twoo or thrée ounces at a time, for cer∣taine dayes togither, comforteth all the members of man. The water druncke, and applyed with a lynnen clothe on the forehead, profiteth against the gyddynesse and swimming of the heade. The water deliuereth the Rheume, and running of bleared eyes. It also recouereth moyst vlcers, by applying lynnen clothes wette in the same, in that it draweth forth the moysture by the poores.

The water of selfe heale. The .Lxvij. Chapter.

THe time for dystillation of it, is, that the herbe, stalkes, and flowers shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Maye. This water recouereth the putrifaction of the mouth: tempered with the oyle of Roses and vinegar, and ap∣plyed to the Temples, putteth away the burning of the heade: mixed with Rose water, doth lyke helpe the heade. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, profiteth against the stitches which are felt in the sides, and against the inner impostumes of the bodie: It also extingui∣sheth Page  [unnumbered] inflammations, and recouereth a weakenesse of the heart: In the lyke manner druncke, healeth the Shingles, and the in∣flammations with a rednesse, as well in men of rype age, as in children. The water euery daye druncke fasting, preserueth from the plague, clenseth the breast, and putteth away the stran∣gurie: It also preuayleth against the Tertian, and Quartaine Ague. The water druncke in the abouesayde maner, helpeth such women, whose matrice wythin begynneth to putrifie and mat∣ter, for by the same are they healed. The water recouereth woundes, if they be often washed wyth the same, and that lynnen clothes wette in it, be applyed. The water healeth swellings and exulceration of the mouth, by washing and gargelling the mouth with it: for this deliuereth the putrifaction and heate, and the pushes or sores of the mouth.

The water of the leaues of the Oke. The .Lxviij. Chapter.

THe leaues gathered and bruised, requyre to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the middes of May. This water drunck to the quantitie of sixe ounces at a time, recouereth the fluxe of the bellie, whether the same be whyte or matterie: It also expelleth congealed bloude into clottes by a strype. The water druncke, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a time, profiteth a fowle and corrupt lyuer, and diseased lunges (or at the least) beginneth to putrifie. This in lyke maner druncke, preuayleth against stit∣ches in the sides. The water druncke twyse a daye, stayeth the o∣uer great fluxe of the termes, & stoppeth the bléeding of wounds, and lyke helpeth the pyssing of bloude, by taking it in the foresaid quantitie. The water dayly druncke, doth especially preuayle a∣gaynst the stone of the loynes and bladder. It also healeth the bowels exulcerated, by the daungerous fluxe of the bellie. The water applyed with lynnen clothes on the inflamed member, ex∣ceedingly cooleth. It healeth olde vlcers of the legges, if they be often washed with the same, and let to drye in by it selfe. The wa∣ter auayleth against rednesse, and burning of the legges by black pushes, in applying on the places twyse or thryce a day, towe, or lynnen clothes wette in it, vntill the heate be extinguished. The Page  69 water druncke with a dramme weyght of the fine pouder of Me∣stiltowe of the Oke, for certayne dayes togither, adding to it a scruple weyght of Aqua vitae rectified, recouereth not onely Fe∣uers, and the Apoplexie, or depriuation of senses, but helpeth without doubt the falling sickenesse. The water in lyke manner prepared and druncke, putteth away gyddynesse, swellings of the bodie, preserueth from the Leprie, and deliuereth most diseases: in that it purgeth and sendeth forth the grosse, and euill humors offending.

The water of the leaues of the Willowe. The .Lxix. Chapter.

THe leaues of the whyte Wyllowes strypped from the twygges, being tender in the Spring time, requyre to be dystilled about the beginning of May, by Balneo Mariae. This wa∣ter druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of foure oun∣ces at a time swéetened with Sugar, helpeth the stone, procureth vryne, and preuayleth against the wormes of the bellie. The wa∣ter profiteth against the rednesse of eyes, being often washed with the same: It helpeth the Shyngles, and recouereth the Fistula, by applying lynnen clothes wette in it. The water druncke in lyke quantitie, expelleth the yoongling dead. The water of the flowers (dystilled after the maner of the flowers of the Apples and Pea∣ches) recouereth the sight, healeth scabbednesse of the heade, pro∣cureth fayre heare: if wetting the heares well with a Spunge dypped in it, and kembed, be after suffered to drie by themselfe.

The water of the Elder. The .Lxx. Chapter.

THe outwarde rynde scraped and pylled from the slyppes of the Elde trée, and the inner ryndes taken and shredde, re∣quyre to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of May. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quanti∣tie of fower ounces at a time, recouereth the Dropsie. The wa∣ter druncke fasting, to the quantitie of sixe ounces at a tyme, swéetened with a little Rosed honie, mightily looseth the bellie without harme. The water (of the tender leaues of the toppes Page  [unnumbered] and sides budding forth, shredde small, and dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the myddes of May) helpeth hote legges and putri∣fied vlcers, if they be often washed with the same, and let to drie by themselfe. The water of the flowers (through blowne and stamped togither, dystilled in a Cucurbite of Glasse by Balneo Mariae) druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, swéetened with Rosed honie, looseth the strait∣nesse of the brest. The water in lyke quantitie druncke, profiteth agaynst the swelling and water betwéene the skynne, and ope∣neth the stopping of the lyuer, mylt, and kidneyes. The water druncke, putteth away the Tertian ague, clenseth and helpeth all courses procéeding of Melancholie, and strengtheneth the sto∣macke. The water druncke to the quantitie of sixe ounces at a time, purgeth all humors by siege, and clenseth the bodie. The water dropped into the eyes, extinguisheth the heate of them: It also druncke twyse a day, and dropped into the eyes, consumeth whyte spottes in them. The water helpeth the trembling of the handes, if they be wette and laboured with the same, and let to drie by themselfe. The water profiteth against vlcers, and that be colde, if they shall be often washed with the same, or that lyn∣nen clothes wette in it be applyed.

The Water of Scabious. The .Lxxi. Chapter.

THe leaues and rootes shredde togither, requyre to be dystil∣led by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of Maye. This water druncke thrée or fower tymes a daye, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, recouereth the straytenesse of breast, and helpeth the impostumes of the same. The water druncke mor∣ning, noone, and at euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a tyme, preuayleth against stitches of the sides. The water profi∣teth against swellings in the bodie, against the Plague, poyso∣ning, the Cough, and all inwarde corruption of the bodie. The water in the abouesayde maner druncke, helpeth scabbednesse, and clenseth the bloude corrupt: It also putteth away swellings arysing in the bodie, and healeth woundes as well without, as within the bodie, by applying lynnen clothes wette in it. The Page  70 water in lyke maner druncke, purgeth the lunges, and putteth away the Cough. The water helpeth the Pyles, whyte scurfe, Letters, and Ringwormes: It also recouereth pestilent pushes, as the Carbuncle sore, and amendeth the sight of the eyes. The water of the Saxifrage (with the whole substance shredde small, and dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the myddes of May) drunck euery day fasting, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, breaketh the stone of the kidneys and bladder, helpeth ache in the hyppes, deliuereth the stopping of vryne, and clenseth the reynes and bladder.

The Water of Nightshade of the Garden. The .Lxxij. Chapter.

THe leaues with the stalkes gathered and shredde small, re∣quire to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, when that the berries be gréene. This water druncke morning, noone, and at euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, helpeth a swelling pro∣céeding of an vntemperate hotenesse. It perfourmeth the lyke, by applying lynnen clothes wette on the swelling. The water in the foresayde maner taken, helpeth the stone, and putteth away sweate, myxed with the water of wormewoode, and druncke to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time. The water preuayleth a∣gainst the griefes and aking of the hynder part and whole heade, procured of heate. The water applyed with Lynnen clothes wet in it, on a hote Gowte, and the Shingles, doth in short time helpe them, the rather by the often applying of the clothes wette in the water. The water dropped into the eares, putteth away griefe in them, asswageth inflamed impostumes of the breastes or pappes of women, and represseth hote swellinges in the throte, that they doe not hastily strangle nor stoppe the wynde: and the water gargelled in the throte, cooleth the liuer, and extinguisheth heate. The water helpeth men bursten, by often applying lynnen clothes wette in it, on the rupture. The water druncke greatly auayleth, if by any night terrour certaine pushes shall arise: and the lyke doth the water preuayle, applyed with lynnen clothes. The water of the Mustarde séedes (when the herbe bearing flow∣ers, is to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of Page  [unnumbered] Iune) putteth away vlcers of the gummes, by often washyng the mouth with the same. The water profiteth the consumption of members, if they be often rubbed and laboured with the same, in that (by it) they recouer strength and flesh. The water heateth the marrowe of the bones, if they be often washed and laboured with the same, and let to drie by themselfe. The water profiteth against a colde disease of the ioyntes, if they be rubbed and la∣boured with the same, and let to drie by themselfe.

The water of Mullaine or Hygges Taper. The .Lxxiij. Chapter.

THe leaues with the flowers full rype, gathered from the stalkes, (after the shredding small) dystill by Balneo Mariae. This water is most precious against all swellinges, as well in∣warde as outwarde, by drincking of it morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée or foure ounces at a time: or that a lynnen cloth doubled, and wette in the same, be often applyed. The wa∣ter in such maner taken, helpeth the lunges ascending vnto the throte, and increasing. Thys in lyke manner profiteth against a hote gowte, by drincking of it morning and euening, and apply∣ing lynnen clothes wette in the same, for on such wyse handled, a better remedie is not to be founde. The water profiteth against all maner of griefes, procéeding of a fluxe, by drincking thereof morning, noone, and at night, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, and a little of the fine powder of Cinamone: in the same maner druncke, putteth away the gry∣pings of the bowels. The water recouereh the face, which ap∣peareth infe••ed after the kynde of a Leprie, if a soft lynnen cloth dypped in the same, be often applyed vpon. The water helpeth burnings or scalding▪ if a double lynnen clothe (assoone as the harme done) wette in the same, be applyed, the rather by dooing on such wyse oftentimes: for it draweth forth, and extinguisheth the heate without harme leauing. The water amendeth an yt∣ching scabbednesse, whether the same shall be moyst or drie, by applying lynnen cloths wette in the same, morning, noone, and at euening. The water profiteth, if an inflammation with red∣nesse happeneth on the skinne, by wetting a lynnen clothe in the Page  71 sme, and applying it to the place. The water profiteth, if ane shall haue a long tyme dymme eyes and weake of sight, by let∣ting one or twoo droppes fall at a time into eche eye, for two or thrée wéekes togither.

The water of the Lynde or rope Timber tree. The .Lxxiiij. Chapter.

THe flowers orderly gathered, and put into a Cucurbite of glasse, dystill by Balneo Mariae. This water clenseth anye spottes of the face, if the face be often washed with the same: as Hieronimus the Herbarian reporteth. The water druncke with a little Cynawone water, recouereth the trembling of the heart. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time, helpeth the falling sickenesse. The water drunck in like maner, profiteth against the fretting of the guts: and dropped at euening into the eyes, procureth a cléerenesse of them. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quanti∣tie of thrée ounces at a time, helpeth the stone: In the same ma∣ner druncke, recouereth swellings, and sendeth all maner of e∣uill humrs out of the bodie.

The water of Tormentill. The .Lxxv. Chapter.

THe herbe with the whole substance shredde and bruised, re∣quireth to be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, from the xv. day of August, vnto the viij. of September. This water druncke in the morning fasting, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, pre∣uayleth against all maner of poysons. The water is a good pre∣seruatiue against the plague, and an vnhealthfull ayer. For the plague when it inuadeth any, incontinent open a veyne, as it be∣hooueth, after giue this potion, on such wyse prepared: take of the water of Tormentill thrée ounces, of Uenice Triacle a dram weyght, of wyne vinegar an ounce and a halfe, which diligently myxed togither, minister warme to the pacient, lying in his bed, and well couered with clothes to sweate: whyles he thus lyeth in a sweate, rubbe and labour his handes and féete, with Uinegar, Rue, Wormewoode, and Salt myxed. The next day following, Page  [unnumbered] minister againe the same potion, and he shall then recouer helth. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, recouereth the desperate and all vlcers in maner, and stayeh any maner fluxe of the bellie, especiallye the fluxe Dysenteria. The water taken in the same maner, streng∣theneth the bodie, comforteth the brayne, the heart, stomacke, lyur, mylt, and the whole brest, if wyne sometymes be myxed with the same. The water druncke in the same maner, helpeth all Agues, it strengtheneth and comforteth such recouering out of a long sicknesse. The water druncke profiteth woundes, as well within the body, as without, and cureth outwarde woundes the spéedier, if they be often washed with the same: It also helpeth all manner of griefes of the eyes, by dropping of the same euery night into the eyes, for it cleareth the sight. The water healeth the Fistula and Canker, if they be often washed with the same, and that lynnen clothes wette in it, be applyed. To be briefe, in what maner, and what sickenesses the water shall be applyed and ministred, shall (of experience founde) be profitable.

The water of Valeriane. The .Lxxvi. Chapter.

THe congruent time for dystillation of it, is, that the herbe, rootes, and stalkes, with the whole substance shredde small, be dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the ende of May. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a time, and applyed with lynnen clothes, recouereth vlcers, & swellings causing payne, and great pyles in the funda∣ment: It also profiteth against other pyles, by applying lynnen clothes wette in the same. The water helpeth such bursten, and the bone somewhat broken, by applying and drincking of the same: It also dropped into the eyes, cleareth them. The water druncke in the morning fasting of Chyldren, to the quantitie of of a spoonfull at a time, deliuereth the wormes in the bellie. The water druncke, profiteth against poyson, and a pestilent ayer: It health newe and olde woundes, recouereth vlcers and impo∣stumes within the bodie, and putteth awaye ache of the hyppes. The water drunck, procureth cleare eyes, taketh away the pai••Page  72 of them, and prouoketh sweate: powred into troubled wine, cau∣seth the same cléerer and purer. The water remooueth griefe of the members, procéeding of a cold cause, by labouring the mem∣bers with the same. The water of the rootes onely (dystilled by Balneo Mariae, from the myddes of August vnto the viij. daye of September) drunck; helpeth poyson, and profiteth against veni∣mous beasts & wormes. The water helpeth the quotidian feuer, drunck to the quantitie of sixe ounces before the cōming of the fit. The water drunck, and applyed with lynnen clothes, preuayleth against payne & stitches of the sides. The water procureth vnitie & loue, where twoo shall drincke togither a cup full of this water.

The water of Verueyne. The .Lxxvij. Chapter.

THe male Uerueyne with the whole substaunce gathered, shredde small, dystill by Balneo Mariae, about S. Iohns daye in Iune. This water druncke morning an euening, to the quan∣titie of thrée ounces at a time, for sixe or eyght dayes togither, re∣couereth the yelow Iaundise, preuayleth against poyson, helpeth the Tertian and Quartaine feuer: and expelleth wormes of the bellie, by taking the lyke quantitie, euery morning fasting. The water in such maner drunck, helpeth the straitnesse of the breast; the hardnesse of fetching breath, the vlcers and consumption of lunges. It comforteth the lyuer, and causeth a good coulour. The water druncke, recouereth griefes of the stomack, the stoppings of the lyuer and mylt, and grieuous paynes of the loynes, and bladder. The water drunk, amendeth the stopping of the bowels, stomack, and bellie. The water clenseth the reynes and bladder, and washeth the stones in them. The water profiteth against in∣warde pushes of the bodie: it helpeth the pyssing of bloud, and grypings of the bellie. It is a precious water, for grieuous paynes and strypes of the heade, by often annoynting and ap∣plying lynnen clothes wette in it to the heade: It also helpeth long sickenesses, whose cause is not knowne. The water preuay∣leth against all manner of dymnesse of the eyes, and vlcers in them: comforteth a weake sight▪ and procureth a clearenesse to it, by ropping and annoynting it diuers tymes in the eyes. The Page  [unnumbered] water helpeth sores or scabbes arysing amongst the heares of the heade, or other places of the bodie, and griefes of the stomacke, lyuer, and mylte, by annoynting and applying lynnen clothes wette in the same. The water profiteth against the exulceration of womens places, if they be washed morning and euening with the same, and that a lynnen clothe wette in it, be often applyed.

The water of Fluelling. The .Lxxviij. Chapter.

THe herbe with the whole substance shredde small, and infu∣sed for a day and a night in good Sacke or white wyne, dystill by Balneo Mariae, about the beginning of Iune, which after recti∣fied, will indure for tenne yeares. This water druncke in the morning fasting, to the quantitie of two ounces or lesse at a time: or that a Spunge wette in the water (myxed with other sauours) be borne in an Orenge pyll, to smell oftentymes to it, preserueth the person from the plague. The handes, heade, forheade, and temples, annoynted with the same, profiteth against any euill and noysome smell. The person which is taken with the plague, if he letteth a veine before it be opened, and taketh an ounce and a halfe of the fine powder of this herbe, with thrée ounces of the water myxed with a scruple weyght of Venice triacle, and after the drincking be well couered with clothes to sweate: the poyson and euill humors be then expelled from the heart, and by swea∣ting auoyded, so that it is a present and prooued remedie agaynst venimous and pestilent feuers. The water druncke twyse a day, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a time, healeth newe woundes, in that the same issueth forth of the woundes, by swea∣ting lyke to an Oyle. The woundes are also to be washed wyth this water morning and euening, & applyed with lynnen clothes wette in it, for this on such wyse cureth wounds and euill vlcers, in a marueylous manner. An ounce of Vitrioll, or rather of the stone Chalcites brought to powder dissolued in a pynte of thys water, healeth all putrified vlcers, the Ringworme, spottes of sundrie colours, or any euill scabbe, whelkes, and fowlenesse of the skinne, procéeding of corrupt humors. The elder that thys water shall be, so much the worthyer in diuers causes. The wa∣ter Page  73 annoynted or applyed with lynnen clothes, on the sting of Spyders, or byte of venimous beasts, healeth and putteth away the swelling. The water druncke and gargelled morning and e∣uening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, putteth awaye incontinent the swelling of the throte: If halfe a pounde of Allum be dissolued in a pynte of this water, and heated, dryueth awaye Mothes out of clothe; by wetting and washing it with the same. The water druncke morning and euening to the quantitie of an ounce and a halfe, or twoo ounces for certaine dayes togither, putteth away gyddynesse of the heade, helpeth memorie, clenseth tough and clammie humours, wasteth and purifieth corrupt bloude, the matrice and bladder purgeth, expelleth poysons, the stone of the kidneyes, and all inwarde poysons of the bodie. The water deliuereth the wandring heate, and openeth the passages of the bodie. This also druncke euery morning fasting for sixe wéekes togither, to the quantitie of thrée or fower ounces at a time, maketh a man leane of bodie, strengtheneth the lyuer, and consumeth superfluous euill humors. The water druncke in the morning fasting, an labouring it especially on the heade, doth greatly profite to the comforting of memorie, and to the streng∣thening of the heade and brayne: it also causeth a readynesse of speache, and purifyeth the bloude. The water druncke to the quantitie of twoo ounces, or twoo ounces and a halfe, with a dram weight of the fine pouder of the leaues of Fluelling▪ and a dram of the myddle rynde in powder of Amara dulcis, (that is, bytter swéete) myxte and druncke fasting, for certaine dayes togither, deliuereth the clammynesse of the lunges, purgeth the breast by spittings forth, helpeth the Cough, difficulties of fetching breath, & corruption of the lungs, for which cause the shepeheards in our time, vse to giue ye herbe with salt to shéepe vexed with the cough. The water taken morning and euening, doth especially helpe the lunges and liuer, if they inwardlye putrifie, and doe ascende vnto the throte: yea, though they shall putrified vnto the gret∣nesse of a hasill nutte, yet will they againe be restored to helth by this. The water druncke with a dramme of the powder of the herbe, deliuereth the shedding of the gall; gntly procureth vrine, and causeth very fatte and barren women, leane and fruitefull. Page  [unnumbered] The water druncke to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, procureth sweate according to necessitie.

The water of the Birche tree. The .Lxxix. Chapter.

THe leaues newly sprunge out▪ shredde and beaten, dystill by Balneo Mariae, about the middes o May. This water drunck morning and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time▪ swéetened with Sugar, deliuereth the griefe of the stone in the loynes. The water profiteth vnto the cooling of hote vlcers, espe∣cially those which shall happen on mans priuities, if it be applied with lynnen clothes. The water dytilled out of the tappe of the trée, after this manner purchased (as that 〈…〉 a hole bored in the bodie of the trée, néere to the roote, and vnder the same a glasse set to gather the lycour dystilling forth, which after dystil∣led by Balneo Mariae) profiteth vnto all wounds washed with the same, yea, healeth and dryeth vp open vlcers, if it be often ap∣plyed with lynnen clothes. The water druncke morning and e∣uening, to the quantitie of twoo onces and a halfe, swéetened with Sugar, for xl. dayes togither, wasteth the stone of the kid∣neyes and bladder. The water clenseth away spottes on the skin, and procureth a fayrenesse of the same: It also healeth vlcers of the mouth, by often washing with the same. The water (of the herbe Peryuincle, dystilled about the ende of May) drunck mor∣ning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, reco∣uereth womens places colde, the rather by applying lynnen clo∣thes wette in the same, and helpeth those which haue a colde sto∣macke. The water for certaine dayes druncke, with a dramme of the powder of the herbe, sendeth forth the water betwéene the fleshe and skinne by veine. A Pessarie wette in the water, and conueyed vp into the priuie place, draweth downe the Termes. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time swéetened with Sugar, ceaseth the gry∣pinges of the bowelles, and stayeth the fluxe of the bellie▪ and termes: It also purgeth all clammie humours out of the lyuer and bladder, and clenseth the reynes.

Page  74

The water of the Vyne tree. The .Lxxx. Chapter.

THe water of the Vyne trée is gathered in a great glasse, a∣bout the beginning of Aprill, when Vynes are cut: and the same (after the dystilling by Balneo Mariae) requireth to be sun∣ned for xl. dayes. This water myxed with a little pure wyne, and druncke fasting, sharpeneth or quickeneth the mynde and senses. The water profiteth against any scabbednesse, if it be washed with the same, it causeth a cleane and fayre face, and putteth a∣waye pushes and pymples of the face. The water often applyed, weareth away wartes, and the thicke knobbes of harde fleshe on the handes. The water recouereth ringwormes, fowle spottes on the bodie, scuruynesse, and inflammations with a rednesse of the skynne, if they be washed with the same▪ and applyed with lyn∣nen clothes wette in it, twyse or thryse a daye. The leaues of the best vynes▪ which growe on high and sunnie places, requyre to be dystilled in a due season of the yeare (as about the ende of May) by Balneo Mariae. Thi water dropped into running eyes, dryeth and stayeth the running of them, & cleareth the sight. The water druncke, helpeth the spitting of bloude, recouereth vlcers of the bowels, and stayeth a hote fluxe of the bellie. The water taken thryce a daye, to the quantitie of thrée ounces at a time, expelleth the stone, helpeth the abhorring of women with chylde, and their foolishe longing for sundrie things, that no harme may insewe to the yoongling. Of the rootes of the vyne, is made a decoction right profitable, on this wyse: Take of the féete of the Vyne shredde small, twoo poundes, these infuse in the strongest vyneger (coue∣red well ouer) to which after adde nyne pyntes of Conduite wa∣ter, and a pynte of whyte honie: after the boyling and consu∣ming in a thirde part, that only sixe pyntes remayne, strayne the whole through a carsey cloth, to which then adde of the simple Iu∣lepe viij. ounces, and fower graynes of Muske dissolued in fower or sixe ounces of pure Rose water, which after the pouring into a glasse, stoppe close with a corke and parchement: If any drinc∣keth foure ounces of this decoction hote, in the morning fasting, and refrayneth meate foure houres after, procureth in short time Page  [unnumbered] a very good stomacke, and appetite to meate. This also helpeth the Cholicke passion, encreaseth mylke in womens breasts, put∣teth away griefes of the matrice, and is much auayleable for the cough, the rheume, and griefe of the reynes.

The water of the greater Celondine. The .Lxxxi. Chapter.

THe congruent time of dystilling the Celondine, is, that when the herbe bearing flowers, the whole substance gathered and shredde small, be dystilled in a Cucurbite of glasse by Balneo Mariae, about the middes of May. This water druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, deliuereth the yelowe Iaundise, and helpeth the grypings of the bellie. The wa∣ter druncke in the same manner, mitigateth the Ague, and putteth away scabbednesse procéeding of colde, if the places be annoyn∣ted with the same. The water druncke twyse or thryse a daye, to the quantitie of twoo ounces at a tyme, swéetened with Sugar, re∣couereth the stopping of the lyuer and mylt. The water (after the infusion of the herbe for sixe dayes in good Aqua vitae) druncke for certaine dayes morning and euening, to the quantitie of an ounce at a time, preserueth the bodie long in health, and expelleth euill humors. The water dropped into the eyes, recouereth spottes, the pynne and webbe, deliuereth the rednesse of them, preserueth and causeth a sharpe and readie sight, and restoreth the same in a maner lost: If the mouth be washed with the water, it ceaseth the grieuous payne of the téeth, and putteth away spottes, if the face be often washed with the same. The water dryeth and hea∣leth a Canker, and lykewise the Fistula, and putteth away pesti∣lent pushes, if a lynnen cloth wet in it, be applyed twyse or thrice a day. The water of the greater Celondine, that hath the proper∣tie of helping diseases, as well the hote as colde; giueth strength to the spirituall members, expelleth poysen from the heart, deli∣uereth the lunges of that which to it is noyous, healeth it vlcered, and by drincking sundrie tymes of it, stayeth the fluxe of bloude. I am in doubt (sayth a certaine skilfull Phisition) whether a man may beléeue, that all these properties be in the dystilled water of Celondine; séeing that according to Dioscorides and Galen, it is Page  75 of qualitie mightily clensing, and very hote, by reason whereof this causeth the veynes to be the cléerer of all grosse humors, and deliuereth the obstructions of the lyuer in the Iaundyse: This al∣so is the reason, why the learned Mathiolus in his commentarie vpon Dioscorides, doth so greatly reprehend the Chymists, which take vpon them to drawe forth a Quintessence of this herbe, that they affirme to be not only commodious for their extractions, but as woonderfully profitable for the preseruing of health, and expel∣ling of infinite diseases. Séeing that this herbe can worke no such matter, it is possible that the Chymistes abuse the same, where they in steade of rightly naming this herbe Chelidonium, doe name it Caelidonum, (rather deuising for it such a worde Caeli∣donum) as if this herbe were a gyft from heauen, to which are attributed all these great vertues. This water is on such wyse distilled, take the rootes, leaues and flowers, which shredde small, and put into a vessell of glasse, well fenced with Lute, burie the vessell couered with his heade in horse dung, for the space of ten dayes: After the taking forth, dystill it in ashes according to Arte: the lycour that shall first runne forth, will be waterishe, the seconde as an oyle, which you shall dystill yet once againe, and kéepe for your vse.

The water of Strawberies. The .Lxxxij. Chapter.

THe time most agréeable for distilling of the berries, is, when they are rype, yet not ouer soft: and those which growe and are gathered in the hyllie woodes, be accounted the better. These full rype, shall you putrifie in a Cucurbite of glasse, by strawing vpon them a good quantitie of Sugar brought to powder, which let so long stande (close couered with the heade) vntill they ap∣peare hoarie, after dystill the whole by Balneo Mariae. This sin∣gular water asswageth burning humors, putteth awaye spottes of the eyes newe growne, eyther of a hote or colde humor, so that they be not ouergreat. It also stayeth the watring and running of the eyes, procéeding of heate or colde, and lyke restoreth the sight to a clearenesse, decayed or lost by eyther of the causes. This wa∣ter druncke in the morning fasting, to the quantitie of thrée oun∣ces Page  [unnumbered] at a time, with a little wyne, doth marueylously preuayle a∣gainst the inwarde heates of the lunges and lyuer, and extingui∣sheth thirst. It also comforteth nature, expelleth poysons, & pro∣cureth the termes in women. The water drunck in like quantitie morning and euening, swéetened with a little Sugar, recouereth an euill heate of the stomacke, and asswageth the great desire to drincke. The water druncke morning and euening, to the quan∣titie of fower ounces at a time, with a dramme weyght of pure Aqua vitae, recouereth and healeth the Leprie, for that the same druncke in wyne, or otherwise eaten with breade, purgeth the bloude, and remooueth a noysome scabbednesse of the bodie. The water in the same manner taken, helpeth the inflammations of the lyuer, the yelowe Iaundise, the stone in the loynes, kidneyes and bladder. It also looseth the breast, comforteth the heart, and clenseth the bloud. The water holden a little whyle in the mouth, and gargelled in the throte, strengtheneth the gummes, fasteneth the téeth loose, and stayeth the dystillations from the brayne: It also profiteth against vlcers, and swellings in the throte, sore∣nesse of the mouth, and a stincking breath. The water maruey∣lously recouereth and healeth blysters and pymples on the face, which procéede of heate, by often washing it with the same. This also asswageth the swelling of the face, by washing and often ap∣plying lynnen clothes wette in the water. The water recouereth that person whose legge is broken, by drincking euery morning fasting (for a certaine space) to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, swéetened with Sugar, and to apply often lynnen clothes wette in the same. The water healeth all foule legges, if they be washed morning and euening with the same, or that the water often applyed with linnen clothes: It also cureth filthie wounds, if they shall be often washed with the same, and that the pacient in the meane season, doth daylie drinck twyse a day of this water. The water mixed with pure white salt, and distilled once againe in a Cucurbite of glasse by Balneo Mariae, is highly cōmended for the eyes, in that it cooleth, cléereth, and putteth awaye the dym∣nesse of them. The water of the Strawberies, is a souereygne and an effectuous oyntment for the eyes, if they especiallye be grieued by an extreme heate, or hote dystillings from the heade. Page  76 The water of the herbe (dystilled by Balneo Mariae, about the middes of May) druncke morning and euening, to the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, recouereth the yelowe Iaundise, pro∣cureth vrine, stayeth the fluxe Dysenteria, and the termes in wo∣men, and helpeth the splene. The water lyke druncke, looseth the breast, purgeth the lunges, helpeth the Cough, and putteth away the Leprie. The water dropped into burning eies with a rednesse, morning and euening, doth greatly mittigate the heate of them. The water druncke, asswageth the ouermuch sweating of body. For the burning and obstruction of the lyuer, there is nothing more profitable, nor holesommer.

¶ Of the Dystilling of waters out of beastes, or out of their partes. The .Lxxxiij. Chapter.

[illustration]

THe maner of drawing forth a substance from all beastes and Egges: Take new layd egges, the quantitie and weyght of nyne ounces, of common salt prepared, one ounce, beate and mixe these well togither, after put the same into a Cucurbite or glasse bodie, with the couer fast luted, the which set into Balneo Mariae, or horse dung for ten dayes at the least. After set on a head with his receyuer well luted togither, which you shall dystill in ashes with a soft fire, by little and little, and that which commeth, kéepe charily. The lyke to this may be drawne out, of Snayles, Partri∣ches, Page  [unnumbered] and Capons, for consumptions: and also the like maye be drawne out of Adders, and Snakes for the Leprosie.

The water dystilled of the bloude of a healthfull yong man, a∣uayleth against aches, and running paynes in the ioyntes, which is prepared on this wyse: take the bloud of a yong man, of twen∣tie yeares olde, or thereabout, being in perfite health: this bloud let stande to coole in a vessell so long, vnto the separation of the wheyishe moysture from the bloude, which waterie moysture floting aboue, throwe awaye: the other put into a glasse bodie with a heade close luted about, after set or burie the same in horse dung, for sixtéene dayes, that it may putrifie or rot. Which after the drawing forth, set into ashes, luting diligently the receyuer to the nose of the heade. This dystill with a soft and easie fire in the beginning: with this dystilled water, souple (and as it were bathe) the aking and payning places.

The water of mans ordure dystilled by a Lymbecke, preuay∣ling in the Fistula, and bringeth or causeth a fayre scarre, if the grieued places be applyed with the same: If of this water be dropped into the eye, it taketh away the rednesse and dymnesse of sight, it breaketh and dissolueth the webbe, and putteth awaye or dryeth vp teares. This druncke, helpeth spéedily the falling sick∣nesse, namely if their heades be annoynted therewith. This wa∣ter also applyed on Impostumes with towe, spéedily breaketh them. If ministred with a quantitie of Lyme dissolued in it, brea∣keth the stone. This water druncke, helpeth the Dropsie. This water spéedily healeth the byte of anye venimous dogge being madde, or other beast venimous, if the harmed person dryncke thereof: If this water be druncke by and by after poyson recey∣ued, it deliuereth the person. This Bertapalia.

The water of mans ordure or dung, of a sanguine man dystil∣led, being orderly applyed, doth helpe the hastie chaunging of the heare of the head to a whitenesse, and the shedding of it, corrosiue vlcers, the canker, and spottes of the eyes. This also druncke, recouereth the falling sicknes, amendeth the stone of the kidneys and bladder, the Dropsie, and the byte of any venimous beast.

The water of mans ordure dystilled, causing the heare of the heade to growe, is thus prepared: Take of mans ordure, and Page  77 the same dystill in a glasse bodie, and that the same may not stink, myxe a little Camphora, or Muske finely grinded with it: wyth this water washe the bare place, where you would haue the heare to growe, annoynting after the place with the best honie for xxx. dayes. The place or scabbed part washed with the water of mans ordure dystilled, doth throughly cure it: for this is a secrete in e∣uery scabbe, or in all manner of scabbes.

The water of Dooues dung (stéeped for a night before in wine) dystilled, and druncke, helpeth the stone, this Theophrastus.

The water of a Capon dystilled, which a Germaine woman vsed in the traueyle of chylde, and in birth of the chylde: Take a Capon of twelue yeares of age, this strangled, pulled, and or∣derly dressed, boyle then in a sufficient quantitie of the best Mal∣mesie, Rosewater, and Borage in a possenet, or rather new ear∣then pot glased, vnto a tendernesse of the fleshe: after stampe di∣ligently the fleshe, with the bones and intrayles, which put into a Cucurbite and luted, dystill according to Arte in Balneo Mariae, adde in the dystilling both Muske and Amber gréece, but another willeth of Diambra, and of Diamoschus (which I rather allowe) of the powder of precious stones, of Diarrhodon abbatis, of Dia∣margariton calidum, Aromaticum Rosatum, of eche of these Cor∣diall powders (gotten from the Apothecarie) fower scruples, of Coriander prepared halfe an ounce, adding herevnto besides of the oyle of Cynamone, fower graines weyght, of the oyle of Cloues sixe graines, these diligently mixe togither.

The description of the water of a Capon, out of the dis∣pensatorie of the Colonians. The .Lxxxiiij. Chapter.

THe Capon ought first to be much chased vp and downe, vn∣till he be wearied, and then sodainly strangled, the fethers after plucked of, without dipping of him in water (as the fethers drye pluckte) which on such wyse wholye plucked and bare, and the bowels drawne, choppe small both the fleshe and bones, the mawe or gyserne, the lyuer, and heart, the bowels remembred to be throwne away. The Capon thus ordered and chopped very small, lay to soke in an earthen pot glased, powring vpon a pynt Page  [unnumbered]

[illustration]
and a halfe of redde Rosewater, a pynte of Buglosse water, halfe a pynte of Ma∣ioram or Baulme water, of Malmesie a pynte and thrée ounces, of Cinamon twoo ounces, of Saf∣fron one dramme, of Endiue séedes thrée drammes, of Galin∣gale twoo drammes, of Gynger, Nut∣megs, Mace, and the cytryne Saunders, of eche one dramme, of the ryndes of the pleasant Citrone, a dramme and a halfe, of the Cordiall flowers (to be learned of the Apothecarie) of eche one dram, of Couander séedes prepared, and of Melone séedes, of eche twoo drammes, of the Pyne apple séedes one ounce, of the Orenge flowers preserued and brought to powder half an ounce: All these let stande in the infusion for twentie and fower howers, vpon a furnace, or in any other hote place: which in setting the heade close luted vpon, (whether the same be in a glasse bodie) dy∣still by Balneo Mariae, and in the dystilled lycour quenche sundrie tymes a péece or péeces of red glowing golde, especiallye at the time of the ministring or vsing of this drinck: This borowed out of the dispensa▪ of the Colonians.

The dystillation of a Capon Maystriall, of D. Peter Vnormati∣ensis. he first boyled the Capon in water vnto a sufficiencie (on such wyse) that twoo pyntes remayned of the broth, after he pow∣red the broth and fleshe into a glasse bodie close-luted, which he dystilled after Arte in ashes, and hauing distilled about a pinte, or a pinte and a half, ceased of, without adding to this water eyther spices▪ eyther herbes or rootes: which water he often ministred and vsed to weake bodies, in Agues, and was delectable without Page  78 abhorrement to the pacients.

Another, let a good Capon be boyled in pure water, with the leaues of Borage and Buglosse, of eche one handfull, of the con∣serue of Violets, Roses, Borage and Buglosse, of eche twoo oun∣ces (of the Cordiall powlders a like quantitie added) let all these be dystilled in Balneo Mariae, the lycour dystilled, aromatizate with the powder of the thrée Saunders: and let this be druncke or ministred often to weak bodies: this borowed out of And▪ a La∣curia, in the ende of his booke of the pestilence.

The dystillation of a Capon, borowed of a certaine doctour. Take an auncient Capon, of sixe, seuen, or eyght yeares of age, the same drie pull and bare, which after the drawing, stéepe or soke in pure water for a night, the whole put after into a newe earthen pot glased, which containeth fower measures of water, this in the séething skym diligently, and the fatnesse take careful∣ly of, remembring alwayes to fill vp the pot boyling: After the fleshe t••derly sodden, and fallen from the bones, take or pare of both the fatte and thinne skynnes (which so ordered) shredde the fleshe very small, putting it with the boyled water, into fower glasse bodies Artely luted, vnder which maintaine fire, vntill the whole worke be ended, which dystilled on this wyse, stoppe close vnto your vse: for this mightily recouereth those which be de∣cayed of strength, and that haue no appetite or will to meate.

Another water of a Capon, vnto the restoring of decayed strength, out of a written booke of a certaine Phisition: the tender fleshe and pulpe of one Capon, the skynnes and fatte drawne of, and pulled away, shredde finely, and washe diligently with Bu∣glosse water: after this, adde to the conserue of Violets, Borage, and Buglosse, of eche an ounce and a halfe, of the conserue of Ro∣ses one ounce, of lease golde vj. in number, all these arteficially mixt togither, and put after in a double vessell, dystill according to Arte: let a spoonefull alone of this licour, be often ministred, or with comfortable brothes mixed.

Another water of a Capon, out of the same author, recouering bodies lowe brought by the ague: Take the pulpe or tender flesh of the Capon, being chased and coursed vp and downe, and to and fro, before the strangling, from which drawe or plucke both Page  [unnumbered] the fatte and skinnes, then washe both in the waters of the wa∣ter Lillie (named of the Latines Nenuphar) and the Lettuce, ad∣ding thereto the conserue of Violets new made, and the flowers of the Nenuphar, of eche one ounce, of the conserues of Borage and Buglosse, of eche one ounce and a halfe, of the whyte Pop∣pie and Lettuce séedes, of eche one ounce, of the powder of the colde Diamargariton, one dramme and a halfe, of the iuice of plea∣sant Apples, twoo ounces, all these diligently mixte togither, and put in a double vessell, dystill according to Arte, which dystilled lycour vse after the maner aboue taught.

Another water of a Capon, of the same authors, for the recoue∣ring strength, in a colde sickenesse: Take the pulpe of the Capon throughly wearied, and after washed diligently in whyte wine, or else in Malmesie, if so be the sickenesse shall be colder, adding therevnto of the conserue of Sage flowers one ounce, of the con∣serue of Staechas, Anthos, and Acorus, of eche halfe an ounce, of the ryndes of the Cytrons prepared with sugar, and finely shred, sixe drammes, of the inner part of the Cinamone, and of Nut∣megs, of eche one dramme, let all these be put in Balneo Mariae, and dystilled according to Arte: let certaine spoonefulles of thys lycour, be ministred for a certaine time, to the weake and féeble bodies.

There be some Authors, which in certaine sickenesses, especi∣ally of the heade, and in colde diseases, with the weakenesse, and decayed strength: that highly commende the waters of Capons dystilled on such wyse, yea, the Author hath experienced to haue auayled somtimes in the Collick passions, especially those which were wyndie of bodie: for the distilled water giuen to such, much perplexed with wynde of the bodie, it spéedily ceaseth and stayeth the winde from any more molesting, if so be the water shall right∣ly be prepared. Thus diuers and sundrie medicines may skilfully be deuised by a learned Phisition, in the varietie of sickenesses.

For what cause the brothes of Capons, and other fattes, seeing they be fluxible, and of an ayreall substance, are so slowly eleuated. Page  79 The Lxxxv. Chapter.

THe reason of this, is, in that the fatnesse floting or swimming aboue, doth of the same procure and drawe ouer a thyn skin, which so kéepeth the moysture resting vnder, that the humor can hardly euoporate through: and euen the like, doth the oyle pou∣red into a vessell with eyther wine or pleasant waters, by the flo∣ting aboue, suffer not any of them to breath through: and the Ra∣dish roote also eaten with oyle, causeth then not the lyke belchings or reastinges of the stomacke to insew, as did otherwise without the oyle: and euen the like of iuices may be learned, which when any woulde haue kept for a time, they doe couer it with oyle, that neyther the spirites (through the same) keeping in the iuice, doe breath forth, nor maye be drawne awaye of the outwarde ayer: this written of Langius in his Epistles.

A dystilled water restoring weake bodies, and most profitable in consumptions, out of the secrete conclusions of Fierauantus: Let a good yong henne be gotten that neuer layde egge, this pull alyue, whereby hir bloude may so be stirred vp, and spersed tho∣rowout all the bodie: thus being plucked bare, and deade, drawe forth the bowels only, beating after both the fleshe and bones to∣gither in a morter, adding so much of the crummes of whyte breade, as the weyght of the fleshe and bones beaten, beate these well togither, putting therevnto also one handfull of the gréene or drie Scabious, and so many leaues of golde as wey a French or Englishe crowne, to these after adde so much of the water of the garden Nightshade or petie Morell, as is the weyght of the whole substance, which after let so stande togither for a whole night, putting it then into a glasse bodie with a heade diligentlye luted, and thrée pyntes of the best and mightiest wyne also added before the dystilling, which (after the fastening of the receyuer to the heade) dystill in Balneo Mariae, vnto the fecies remayne tho∣rowe drie, and then haue you the water. Nowe to euery pynte of this water, adde one ounce of our water of the honye (of which shall after be taught in the proper place of this booke) which let be kept in a glasse close stopped, that the ayre breath not forth. The vse of it serueth to be druncke both in the meales, and be∣twéene Page  [unnumbered] meales: which helpeth the drye cough of the persons dis∣eased and sicke of the Ague, and women traueyling in childebed, and many other like matters, doth this dystillation worke, great∣ly to be woondered at.

The Alchymistes instruct and teach a waye of the drawing of waters out of the whytes & ylkes of egges, (by burying the sub∣stance before, for fiue days in horse dung) and adding also a quan∣titie of Salt in the dystilling. The lyke doe they describe of the fattes, and rosinie substances▪ and many descriptions of the like waters may be vnderstanded and read in many practises of Dio∣dorus Euclayon, alreadie published by the Author.

The water of Swallowes helping the falling sickenesse, boro∣wed out of the methode of Rondelleius▪ Take of swallowes vn∣to the quantitie of vj. ounces▪ of Gastorem one ounce, these mixe and infuse in wyne for a night, and put after into a glasse bodie, dystill after Arte▪ let the pacient vse and take of this water vnto the quantitie of twoo spoonefulles, once a moneth, in the morning fasting.

A playster marueylously helping the scrofuls, and Fistula &c. It hath bene experienced, that cutting of the heades and tayles of the snakes, and clensing forth the bowels, and after dystilling them according to Arte: This water applyed on scrofulles and the Fistula, doth spéedily helpe them: this Fumanellus writeth.

A remedie against the Leprie, prepared and made of frogges: This one singular remedie and medicine, I will not hyde from the worlde (sayth Fumanellus) nor lightly ouerpasse the confection of frogs, which ought before to be fleaed, and the bowels drawne forth, then put into a Copper vessell tynned within, and hauing sundrie small holes in the bottome, lyke to the forme of a wate∣ring pot, vnder which must another pot be set, in such sort, that the vpper standing within the mouth of the nether pot; and dili∣gently luted rounde about, that no ayre at all breath forth, these so ordred, set into the earth vnto the mouth of the nether pot, and couering the earth close and harde, make a fire of coles rounde a∣bout the vpper pot, the mouth of it, like close luted: which so long continue with fire, vntill the whole substance and moysture of the frogs shall be dystilled: The licour may be ministred or druncke Page  80 euery morning fasting, for a certaine tyme, vnto the quantitie of the thirde part of an ounce: And if oppurtunitie and iust occasion shall so mooue me, I intende to make an attempt of the dystilling also of Snakes, in lyke order (as aboue taught) of the frogges. Nowe the forme of the vessels, which Nicholaus Florenti teacheth to be made in his large commentarie (in fermo. 7.) fift treatise, and xxxix. Chapter, is on this wyse: He first writeth the vessel or potte (in which the frogges prepared be) to be filled vnto the mouth with them: and the mouth all ouer filled and couered with butter: with this dystilled lycour, being a noble medicine, he in∣strudeth to annoynt the Canker, that healeth it in short time.

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The water of the honie combe, procureth heare to growe: and helpeth the harde fetching and drawing of breath, or such short wynded through the straytenesse of the breast, if thys bée often druncke: it helpeth a mans beard to growe the more, being sundrie times annoynted or wette there∣with: but farre better and sooner doth the oyle and honie performe the same, whiche hath a moste great force in the lyke.

The dystilled honie annoynted on a bald pluee, causeth the heare to growe, and come very soone a∣gaine, after the shedding of heare: this Theophrastus.

Ioannes Montanus writeth, that of hony may a strong water be made: and that in the thirde dystillation of it, to become a poyso∣nable lycour: ••t of Mercurie which is resolued by the strong water, is to be brought int a water the which will make a helth∣full lycour and strengthening.

The water of honie to make the face whyte and fayre: take of reddishe honie twoo poundes, of gumme Arabecke twoo ounces, these twoo myxe togither, and dystill by a Lymbecke with a soft fire▪ The first 〈◊〉 tha cometh, serueth vnto the clensing of Page  [unnumbered] the face, and vnto the cléering and whytening of it: the seconde with the thirde lycour, doth cause the heares to grow and become whytishe or flaxen of colour.

Gesnerus distilled a water out of hony, whose first water sauou∣red somewhat of waxe, where besides it was sufficient delectable and cleare, and whytish, which perhaps may séeme auayleable in the Cholicke passions. The seconde water which dystilled forth, had a certaine sowrenesse. The thirde water which came forth, tasted as it were vinegar. The fourth water which came forth, tasted in a maner as sowre as vinegar: he began dystillation in the morning at the seauenth houre, and out of halfe a measure of honie, he purchased two small vials full in a daye, in the euening he began to dystill, and continued vnto noone in a maner, he also prepared and made his fire to last vnto the ninth houre of the night: and from that houre he renued the fire vnto the sixt houre of the next morrowe: and following the fire from the sixt houre of the morning vnto twoo in the after noone: then began a great fume or smoke to arise and yssue forth into the receyuet, and that somewhat stincking, and a substance also to ascende (as when no∣thing remayned of the watrie substaunce, then did the honie as∣cende) then drewe I forth the Cucurbite (sayth the author) which I shoulde not haue done (but rather haue set or lyfted him hygher in the ashes) and then came the droppes forth redde, and burnt in the Limbeck, yea sowre, and in sauour or smell lyke to the oyle of the Iuniper woode in a maner: and of it fast cleauing to the sides and bottome of the Cucurbite: The remnant in the Cucurbite, was the honie of a blackish redde colour, burnt, somwhat sowre, and colouring yelowe.

Maister Gesnerus dystilled the oldest Hydromell in ashes, and left in the Cucurbite a substaunce tending or declyning vnto a blackenesse, and swéete in taste, yet sowre or lothsome in smell. The first water which dystilled forth, was odoriferous, & had the hote and quicke taste of Aqua vitae, yet the same conceyued nor tooke no flame. The seconde water which came forth, séemed wa∣teryer, with a certaine sowrenesse: so that a small quantitie of water, he dystilled of the same.

A water gotten of the hinder legges of frogges, by the subly∣med Page  81 vapour, helpeth consumptions, and wasting of the lunges, yea, most effectuous for the drie distemperance of the liuer, being taken fasting, and twyse a daye warme, for this prooued Alexan∣der Benedictus, most excellent, and ministred of it to his great prayse.

The water dystilled out of the sperme of frogs, in the moneth of May: and applyed on the gowte, doth marueylously asswage or mittigate the payne, and taketh the payne away vtterly with∣in a short time.

Of the compounde waters, especially of leaues, flowers, rootes, seedes, fruite, herbes, and trees, lycours, gummes, and woode. A water for the eyesight. The .Lxxxvi. Chapter.

A Water defending and preseruing the sight for a long time, and purging the eyes of all spottes: Take of the best and pleasantest white wyne, twelue pyntes, of newe breade light

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wrought and well washed, fower poundes, of Fennell, Celon∣dine, and of the heades of the squill onyon, of eche fower ounces, of Cloues fower drammes: these mixe diligently togither in a Page  [unnumbered] glasse bodie, hauing the heade, and receyuer diligently luted a∣bout, which after set into Balneo Mariae, to be dystilled vntil fiue pyntes of the water be come, then ceasing, drawe forth the fire, which water kéepe a part close stopped. This water preserueth the sight, as aboue vttered, and clenseth the eyes of all filth, hap∣pening in them. This water worketh marueylouslye, by mini∣string one ounce at a time: for taken fasting in the morning, for a moneth togither, preserueth the bodie from any great and grie∣uous sickenesse: and in all maner of causes or griefes where this water shall be ministred, it worketh a great and marueylous helpe: Or it is otherwise a great secrete, in many sickenesses: this borowed out of Fierauantus.

Another water for the eyes, borowed out of a written booke of secrets: Take of Turpentine, (of Tormentill I rather suppose) of Fennel, of Rue, or Endyue, or Betonie, Celondine, of Eye∣bright, of redde Rose leaues, of Syler of the mountaine, and of Mayden heare, of eche one handfull, let all these be stéeped in whyte wyne for one day and a night, after put the wyne and the whole substaunce into a glasse bodie, which dystill according to Arte: for this is a marueylous water for the eyes.

Another water, borowed out of the same booke, excellent for the eyes: Take of Eyebright (orenegliae) Celondine, the fiue leaued grasse, the Veruaine, and Rosemarie flowers, of eche one hand∣full, all these myxe togither in the forme of a sawce, by pouring the best redde wyne vpon, which after the infusion for a time, and put vp into a glasse bodie, being luted after Arte, let so stand (be∣fore the dystilling for foure or fiue dayes: which thus prepared, and the receyuer fastened to the nose of the heade, dystill with a soft fire: to this water after adde these following, as the Rewe séedes, the Fennell séedes, Sugar Candie, Tutia prepared and brought to pouder, and Aloes hepaticke, of eche thrée drammes, all these diligently labour and myxe togither with this water, in a glasse bodie with a heade, and dystilled (as before) with a soft fire, which after kéepe in a glasse close stopped: Of this water poure a droppe at a time into the eye, of what griefe soeuer the eye shall be molested or payned, so that the same griefe be colde, for it will ease and heale the griefe wythin a short time.

Page  82A water of maister Peter the Spanyarde, which both sharpe∣neth the sight, and cleareth the eyes, and putteth awaye spottes and the webbe of the eye: take of Persely séedes, Fennel séedes, Smalledge séedes, Siler of the mountaine, of Annis séedes, of Carowaye séedes, of the séedes of eyther Clarée, of the rootes of Celondine, of Acorus, of Betonie, of the leaues of Egrimonie, of Tormentill, Rue, Veruaine, of eche a like quantitie, these to∣gither beaten and grynded, put for the first daye in a healthfull chyldes vrine: the seconde day in white wyne: the thirde day in womans mylke or Asses: and in the fourth day let all these togi∣ther, be distilled according to Art: which after kéepe as a Balme, in stopping the mouth of the glasse close, that it breathe not forth: for his propertie is to breathe and séeke out.

A water of marueylous working, cléering a mystie and dim∣me sight, and preseruing the health of the eyes, borowed out of Ioannes de Vigo: take of the iuice of Fennell, of the iuice of Ce∣londine, of Rue, of Eyebright, of eche twoo ounces, of Honie ten drammes, of Sarcocolla, of Antimonie, of Tutia, and of Aloes, of eche halfe an ounce, of the galles of Capons, Cockes, and Hennes, of ech twoo ounces, of Nutmegs, of Saffron, of Cloues, of eche one ounce, of Sugar Candie, and of the sirupe of Roses, of eche sixe drammes, of the lyuer of a healthfull goate, twoo oun∣ces and a halfe, of the flowers of Rosemarie, and Veruayne, of eche one handfull and a halfe: these altogither beate diligently, and very fine, and the lyuer cut or shredde very small, all these put after into a glasse bodie with a heade, dystill twyse ouer ac∣cording to Arte: and droppe of this into the eye, for it is mar∣ueylous.

Another water of the same mans, vnto that purpose: Take of the galles of those fowles which lyue by rapine, and of the gall of a Crane, of eche twoo drammes, of the galles of Partriches, Fesants, and of Cockes, of eche thrée drammes, of Honie one ounce, of the iuice of Fennell, and the iuice of Eyebright, of eche one ounce and a halfe, of the wyne of the swéete and sowre Pome∣granates, of eche ten drammes, of Aloes hepaticke, and of Sar∣cocolla, of eche twoo drammes, of Cubebae, of the long and round Pepper, of eche one scruple, of Cynamone one dramme and a Page  [unnumbered] halfe, of Nutmegs, and of Cloues, of eche one dramme, of Su∣gar Candie, and of the sirupe of Roses, of both sixe drammes, of Antimonie, and of Tutia, of eche twoo drammes and a halfe, of a Goates lyuer thrée ounces, of Rosemarie flowers one handfull: all these finely shredde and bette togither, and put after into a glasse bodie, dystill according to Arte: for this water dropped in∣to the eye, preserueth the helth and sight of the eie, and amendeth both the mystynesse and darckenesse of sight.

A moste precious water that amendeth the mystynesse, the pynne and webbe, and all defaults of the eyes: It cleareth also the sight by a marueylous maner, and clenseth anye manner of spotte of the eyes: Take of whyte wyne one ounce and a halfe, of the iuice of Fennel purifyed and cléered, fiue drammes and a halfe, of Camphora, one dram, of Tutia Alexandrina one ounce, of Ginger halfe an ounce, of Honie fower ounces: all these bea∣ten and grynded togither, let stéepe for nyne dayes in a cleane scoured bason, set in a cleare ayre, where neyther dewe nor the sunne beames may fall vpon, which after dystilled by a Fylter, kéepe the water in a glasse with a narrowe mouth: and droppe of this water both morning and euening, one droppe or twoo into the eye: this Arnoldus.

A water of a most noble working, in the cataracts of the eyes, for it resolueth the matter consisting or being in the wayes of the eyes, with a notable comforting of the vertue visiue or séeing, borowed out of Ioannes de Vigo: Take of a healthfull and freshe Goates lyuer twoo poundes, of Calamus aromaticus, and of hony, of eche halfe an ounce, of the iuice of Rue, thrée drammes, of the water of Celondine, sixe ounces, of Fennll water, of Veruaine water, and Eyebright water, of eche thrée ounces, of long Pep∣per, of Nutmegs, and of Cloues, of eche twoo drammes, of Saf∣fron one scruple, of Rosemarie flowers grynded somewhat, Schi∣ara or Bozomus, of eche halfe a handfull, of Sarcocolla, of Aloes hepaicke, af eche thrée drammes, of the glles of those fowles which liue by rapine if they can be got en one ounce, or in stede of the let be taken or vsed the galles of the Cockes, Capons, Henns, and Parriches, of eche thrée drammes: to all these af∣ter the grinding and beating togither, adde thrée ounces of white Page  83 Sugar, of Rosed honie, sixe drammes: these after the diligent la¦bouring and myxing togither, dystill in a Cucurbite according to Arte, which diligently stoppe and kéepe to your vse: for this wa∣ter comforteth any dymnesse and weakenesse of sight, mundify∣eth the mystinesse of the eyes, and letteth or stayeth the comming of a Cataracte.

A water to be dropped within the eye, restoring the largenesse of the apple of the eye, with a certaine comforting of the vertue visiue: Take of the iuice of the swéete Fennell, one dramme, of the bloude of a Culuer one ounce, of Tutia, and Antimonie, of eche twoo drammes, of Rosewater, and of the water of Myrtels, of eche one ounce and a halfe, of the powder of the Myrobalans and Citrines togither halfe a dramme, these after the myxing, and put into a glasse bodie with a head, dystill according to Arte: which water after vse, as aboue taught: this Ioan. de Vigo.

A water experienced, for the recouerie of sight in a maner lost, being often dropped into the eyes: take of Cellondine, Fennell, Sage, Rosemarie, Veruaine, and Rue, of eche one handfull, these dystill in a Lymbecke.

A water recouering sight, in a maner lost, and the pynne and webbe: Take of the garden Tasill, and of Yarrowe, of eche one handfull, of Celondine, of Veruaine, of Rue, of Fenell, of the leaues of Euula Campana, of eche one handfull, of Caphura halfe an ounce: these freshe gathered, stampe togither, and dystill in a Lymbecke.

An oyntment or rather medicine for sore eyes, recouering the sight in a maner lost and experienced: Take of Smalledge, of Fennell, of Rue, of Veruaine, of herbe Benedict or Hares foote, of Cudwoort, or Chasewoort, of Egrimonie, of Germaunder, of Luminella, of Pympernell, of Strawberie leaues, and of Sage, of eche of these a lyke quantitie, these stéepe togither in a yoong chyldes vrine, adding to these, seauen graynes or cornes of Pep∣per, and a little whyte honie, all which dystill in a Lymbecke: this borowed out of Fumanellus.

A water of Sage, Fennell, redde Roseleaues, Cellondine, and Rue, of eche a lyke, with a little of Veruaine, not so much of this herbe, as of the others, dystill a water, which if the same be Page  [unnumbered] dropped into the eyes both morning and euening, it helpeth the weakenesse of an olde sight: this Arnoldus.

Another water in the beginning of water descending, for the swelling of the eye lyddes, and teares: Take of Assa one ounce, of pure whyte honie halfe a pynte, of Fennell water, and Rue water, of eche twelue drammes, of Maioram water halfe an ounce, dystill in a Lymbecke, according to Arte: this Fuma∣nellus.

A water, or dystilled lycour vnto the prouoking of sléepe, and it is a secrete worker of sléepe: Take of Opium thebaicum, of Garlicke heades pylled, of eche twoo ounces, the Garlicke heads bette with a wooden Pestill in a Marble morter, adding thereto the Opium grynded, these well incorporate togither, that it may be lyke to a sawce: this dystill in a Retort, with a most soft or slowe fire in ashes: with this water when néede shall require, an∣noynt the temples, the foreheade, and pulses of the wrestes: and beware you minister not, nor vse this, but vpon a great necessi∣tie, as in the franticke persons, as you shall thinke good.

A water of Fumanellus vnto the prouoking of sléepe: Take of the iuices of the blacke and whyte Poppie, of eche halfe a pynte, of the iuices of the blacke and whyte Henbane, of eche twoo oun∣ces, of the iuice of Purselane, and of Lettuce, of eche thrée oun∣ces, of the iuice of Faba inuersa, halfe a pynte, of the Nenuphar, thrée ounces, of the séedes of eyther Poppie, and of the rootes of Faba inuersa, of eche twoo ounces, of the séedes of Darnell halfe a pounde, of the whyte and redde Henbane thrée ounces, of Xylo∣aloes, and Nucis Methel, of eche one ounce and a halfe: of Pur∣selane séedes, and Lettuce séedes, of eche one dramme, of Scari∣ola, one dramme and a halfe, of Endiue one ounce, these all bea∣ten togither, put into a glasse bodie for thrée dayes, which after dystill: of this giue one dramme in eyther wine or water.

A water of Fumanellus procuring sléepe, let the séedes of the Poppie and Lettuce vnto the weyght of a pounde, be bruised and stéeped in wyne for twentie houres, adding to these a little of O∣pium, and after the dystilling, giue one dramme of this water at the going to rest or sléepe.

A water or sléeping lycour marueylous, being distilled: Take Page  84 of Diatragacanthum, twoo drammes, of Sumach halfe a dram, of the flowers Bedegnar, thrée drammes, of the redde Saunders halfe an ounce, of Psilium one dramme, of the rynde of the Man∣drake roote one ounce, of Henbane halfe an ounce, of the blacke Poppie twoo ounces and a halfe, of the whyte Poppie halfe an ounce, of the redde Poppie so much, of Opium twoo drammes, of the Basill séedes one dramme and a halfe, of the rootes of Alka∣kengi twoo drammes, of Camphora one dramme, of Dragons bloude one ounce, of the séedes of the Hemlocke twoo drammes, of the Adamant stone halfe a pound, of the Purselane séedes twoo ounces, of Lettuce séeds twoo ounces, of Endyue séedes thrée ounces, of the wyne of Pomegranates halfe a wyne pynte, of Plantaine seedes twoo ounces, of the wyne of Barberies halfe a pynte, of the garden Solanum one pounde weyght: of all these dystill a water, which is marueylous: in that the same procureth a most strong and sounde sléepe, if at the lying downe in bedde, halfe an ounce weyght be ministred in a draught of good wyne.

A water procuring sléepe, borowed out of Fumanellus: Take of blacke Pepper, of the whyte Henbane, of the ryndes of the Mandrake roote, of the séedes of Lettuce, of Darnell, of the white and blacke Poppie, of eche a lyke quantitie: and to these one dramme of the iuice of Lettuce, which after the stamping, let so lye in the glasse bodie for a day and a night, and being dystilled, minister of this as aboue taught.

Another water: Take of the iuice of the whyte Henbane, of the iuice of the leaues of the whyte and blacke Poppie, of the iuice of the leaues of Mandrake, or the iuice of the Apples, of the iuice of Iuie, and of the iuice of the Hemlocke, of eche halfe a pynte, of the séedes of Lettuce, and séedes of the Darnell, of eche thrée ounces, these after the well grynding togither, dystill by a Lymbecke thrée times ouer, and in euery dystilling grynde the fecies or groundes, myxing them with the water dystilled: and in the thirde dystillation, the water which then issueth or com∣meth forth, kéepe close stopped in a glasse with a narrow mouth: of this minister only twoo or thrée droppes at a time.

A water for the washing of the heade, borowed out of the same Authour: a compounde (as they write) experienced, if so be the Page  [unnumbered] hynder part of the heade be bathed therewith, and that a decent dyet be vsed before, which ought to be applyed at the going to bedde, for xl. dayes togither, and a grayne of pure Olibanum swallowed downe withall, the forme of the compounde is on this wyse: Take of the flowers of Rosemarie, of Borage flowers, of Buglosse flowers, of the Roses, of the Violets, and of the herbe Balme, of eche one dramme, of the Camomill flowers twoo drammes, of Baye leaues, of Staechas, of Maioram, and Sage, of eche sixe drammes, these after the fine shredding, stéepe in plea∣sant whyte wyne for fiue dayes togither: after dystill the whole according to Arte, which dystilled, kéepe close stopped with a narrowe mouth, adding to it one pounde of Turpentine, of Ma∣sticke, Myrrhe, and of the honie of Anacardus, of eche one ounce, of Olibanum twoo ounces: all these grynded and wrought togi∣ther, infuse for fiue dayes within the dystilled lycour: which a∣gayne dystilled, to this lycour adde of Nutmegs, of Cloues, of Cubebae, of Cynamone, of Mace, and Cardamomum, of eche sixe drammes, of Lignum Aloes, eyght drammes, of Amber, and Muske, of eche halfe a dramme, all these grynded and myxte to∣gither, infuse for fiue dayes, which then begynne to dystill wyth an easie fire, and toward the ende a stronger fire, the same kéepe to your vse.

A water experienced for the whitening of the face, and making thynne the skynne, and clensing or taking away all spottes of the face: Take of chosen Turpentine dystilled, twoo poundes, of Olibanum thrée ounces, of Masticke halfe an ounce, of the herbe Dragons, so much, all these beaten togither, and with the Turpentine water myxte, dystill againe, adding to it after newe Barrowes grease molten, one pounde, of Cloues twoo drams, of Nutmegs thrée ounces, of chosen Cynamone halfe an ounce, of Spica Celtica, as much, of Spikenarde twoo drammes, of Ca∣phura thrée drammes, of golde leaues one dramme, of siluer twoo drammes, all these finely grynded and beaten togither, dystill it in a Lymbecke, after adde twyse so much of this water, as of the water following, and scouring the face before with the decoction of Branne, washe the face all ouer with this water: Take of the water of Quickesiluer one ounce, of Borace, of Aluminis Zu∣charini,Page  85 of Ceruse washed, of eche one dramme, these myxe to∣gither, and vse as aboue taught: This borowed out of Fuma∣nellus.

A water for memorie, safe, and to be marueyled at, if so be the pacient kéepe and vse a dyet: Take of Nutmegges, of Cloues, of Ginger, of the thrée Peppers, of eche thrée dammes, of Iuni∣per beries halfe an ounce, of saint Iohns worte, of the ryndes of Cytrones, of Rosemarie flowers, of Basill, of Maioram, of Mintes, of Pennyroyall, of Baye beries, of Catmyntes, of Spyke, of Xyloaloes, of Cubebae, of Cardamomum, of Calamus a∣romatichus, of Staechas, of eche one dramme and a halfe, of Aco∣rus rootes, one handfull and a halfe, of Orga••ie, of Hysope, of Rue, of the herbe Hares foote, both the Aristolochia, and eyther Picnie, of Cassia lignea▪ of Pimpernell, of Dittanie, of Tor∣mentill, of Scabious, of the Woodebynde or Honie suckle, of the Amryse, of Cummin Seseleos, and of garden Cresses, of eche one scruple, of olde Triacle one ounce, of Aqua vitae rectified ac∣cording to Arte, and dystilled out of the best wyne thryse ouer, viij. pyntes, all these beaten and arced, kéepe togither in a glasse bodie, which then according to Arte fower tymes, continuallye pouring the lycour vpon the fecies that remayned: to this fourth dystillation, adde of all the Myrobalanes, and of Anacardus, of eche twoo drammes and a halfe, these finely brought to powder, and infused, dystill after the sixt day, beginning to dystill with an easie fire, and wythin a whyle after increasing the fire somewhat, the first that then commeth, is weake as water, the next that commeth, is of a yelowishe colour, the thirde and last through the fire increased, commeth forth yelower of colour, to which then adde both Muske and Amber gréece, and other fragrant pow∣ders: and vsing it twyce in the wéeke, vnto the quantitie of a spoonefull at a tyme, sixe houres before meate: that if you shall annoynt the seate or place of memorie, and the temples, you shall soone after call to mynde and remember what you will: this bo∣rowed out of Fumanellus.

A water for memorie: Take of Beane flowers, of the Elder, and Camomill flowers, of eche twoo small handfuls, of Rue, of Balme, of Pympernll, of Buglosse, of Lycoris cleane scraped Page  [unnumbered] and bruised, of eche thrée handfuls: these dystill in a Lymbecke with a soft fire: of this water vse twyse or thryse in a wéeke, vn∣to the quantitie of halfe, or one ounce at a time.

A water helping the frensynesse or madnesse, which is a pre∣cious secrete, and prooued in the cure of madnesse, and the Me∣lancholie frensinesse, borrowed out of an auncient written booke: Take of the flowers of Rosemarie, of Borage, and of the rootes of Buglosse, of eche a lyke, of Saffron one dram, of the Quince or Quinces fower ounces, of the best whyte wyne well digested, and cleare, twoo pyntes, these after the myxing, let so stande for a naturall daye, after burie the glasse bodie in horse dung for fif∣téene dayes, which drawne forth, dystill according to Arte, twoo or thrée times ouer: This water (sayeth the Authour) kéepe as the apple of your eye, for it is very precious: in that I haue (sayth the Author) experienced the same in all Melancholie sickenesses, very effectuously, and in the payne and trembling of the heart: the quantitie to be ministred at one time, is a dramme.

Another whytening water, causing or procuring a whyte co∣lour: Take of the redde Honie twoo pounds, of gumme Arabeck twoo ounces, these diligently myxed togither, dystill according to Arte in a glasse body with a soft fire. The first water which com∣meth, serueth vnto the cléering and whytening of the face: the seconde and thirde lycour togither, procureth yelowe heare.

An odoriferous water, not dystilled, out of Alexander Benedict. Allachalach, as the Arabians wryte, and it is a certayne com∣pounde, of the iuice of the leaues of the Myrtels, of Rosewater and Saunders, and a little of vinegar, and the water of Alkalef, or of the iuice of the fruites well smelling, and of such lyke lycour myxed, and put into a glasse with a narrowe mouth, and after the well labouring of these myxed, shall a pleasant smell ascende to the nose, comforting the heade and spirites.

An odoriferous or fragrant water, yet in taste in a maner vn∣sauerie, but in sauour and smell excellent, and a droppe rubbed on the ende of the nose, séemeth to be as a procurer of sléepe in a maner: out of Georg. Sighart: Take Assa dulcis, and of Styrax calaminta, of eche one ounce, of Lignum aloes, halfe an ounce, of Cloues, of the cytrine Saunders, and of the ryndes of the Cy∣trone, Page  86 of eche thrée drammes, these beaten and laboured diligent∣ly togither, infuse in Rosewater vnto the quantitie of .xxiiij. oun∣ces for eyght dayes, which after dystill in Balneo Mariae, the same dystilled, kéepe close stopped in a narrowe mouth glasie, in which hang of Muske and Amber grece, of eche halfe a dramme, tyed vp in a fine lynnen cloth: of this vse, to procure a swéete smell where euer you walke.

A most prooued water for the falling sickenesse: Take of the rootes of the flower de Luce, or Ireos, of Smalledge, of Fennell, of Perselie, of Sperage, of Butchers broome rootes, and of Hops, of eche twoo handfull, of Mayden heare, of Harts tongue, and the flowers of Tamariscus, of eche one handfull, of Fennell séedes, Annise séedes, and Carroway séedes, of eche thrée drams, all these well beaten togither, dystill in a glasse bodie after Arte: of this water minister or vse euery morning, vnto the quantitie of twoo ounces at a time.

For the falling sickenesse, let the pacient drincke a certaine dystilled water of the flowers of the Lynde trée, of the lesser Net∣tle, and Cherie trée leaues or flowers: A certaine woman mo∣lested with the falling sickenesse, by drincking sundrie tymes this water, recouered health.

A water effectuous for the cléering of the voyce, and helpeth the harde fetching o breath, the Cough, and Leprie: Take of Lycoris scraped, and the iuice of it, of ech thrée ounces, of Spike∣narde one ounce, of Diatragacanthum, of the Melon séedes, of the Cytrone séedes, of the Gourde séedes, of the roote of Euula cam∣pana, of Hysope, of Tyme, of the flower of Tyme, of Polipodie, of the rounde Aristolochia, of Gentian, of Ireos, of Saffron, of Sauerie, of Organie, of Penny royall, and of Catmynt, of eche halfe an ounce, all these beaten togither, and dystilled orderlye, vse.

A pectorall water, or water for the breast, of great strength and vertue, that especially auayleth in the weakenesse of the sto∣macke, through clammie and rotten humors, in that this softe∣neth, and helpeth digestion, and openeth withall, and is also cor∣diall: Take of Figges, of Reysins, of the Pynaple kirnels, and Almondes, of eche foure ounces, of Coliander, and Annis séedes, Page  [unnumbered] of eche twoo ounces, of common Honie one pounde, these myxed togither, poure into twenty pintes of common water, letting the whole boyle togither vnto the consumption of sixe pynts, and that xiiij. remayne, after strayne the lycour through a lynnen clothe, and then haue you the water: to this adde of our Quintessence, fower ounces, and kéepe to your vse in a glasse: and this is the pectorall water, excéeding by his worthynesse the vertues of all other pectorall waters hitherto inuented of anye: this out of the secrete conclusions of Leonar. Fiorauantus.

A dystilled water helping the Dropsie, of which let the pacient take fasting euery morning, vnto the quantitie of fower ounces at a time, and if he will with wyne: Take of the rootes of Ireos, or flower de Luce, of Fennell, of Perselie, of Smalledge, of Spe∣rage, of Butchers broome rootes, and of Hoppes, of eche twoo handfull, of Annis séedes, Fennell sédes, of Cummin, of Perse∣lye séedes, of Sperage rootes, and Butchrs broome rootes, and of Hoppes, of eche halfe an ounce, of Mayden heare, Hartes tongue, and flowers of the Tamariske, of eche one handfull, of Ginger, of Galingale, of Cynamone; and of Mace, of eche thrée drammes: all these diligently beaten and myxed togither, dystill in a glasse bodie according to Arte: this water hath the Authour often experienced.

A water perfitely healing the Dropsie, by washing and rubbing the bellie twyse a daye therewith, and applying a playster both on the Pulses and Arters, made of Bay beries, so that the bodie be purged before: The water is made on this wyse, take of Ci∣namone, of Cloues, of the thrée Peppers, of Xyloaloes, of Spike∣narde, of Opobalsamum, of Galingale, of Calamus aromaticus, of Cubebae, of Saffron, of eche brought to powder one ounce, of Turpentine fower ounces, dystill according to Arte: the first which commeth forth, throwe away: and the seconde lycour that dystilleth forth, kéepe to your vse: for the applying of this aboue taught, both deliuer and clense all the partes and veynes from filling any more.

Of a water, dystilled by a Lymbecke, of the matters herevn∣der described, and druncke for a yeare, vnto the quantitie of a spoonefull, both morning and euening▪ ech day with fower spoo••∣fuls Page  87 of wyne, and the powder (described in the seconde place) strawed vpon the meates, doth dissolue any stone, yea, hardened, being eyther in the kidneyes or bladder: It also ceaseth the paine of the bowels, and cureth the diseases of a colde cause: The pre∣paring of it, is on this wyse: Take of Fennell rootes, of Persely rootes, Butchers broome rootes, and Radishe rootes, of eche one dramme and a halfe: all these diligently stamped, and stieped in the mightiest wyne, dystill according to Arte, to which dystilled lycour adde then of the powder of Cynamone halfe an ounce, of Galingale, of Amber, of Ginger, and of Catmynt, of eche one dramme and twoo scruples, of Macropiperis, one dramme, of Cloues twoo drammes and a halfe, of Cummin one dramme, of Ameos, and of Louage, of eche twoo drammes, of Spikenarde, of Cassia lignea, and of Masticke, of eche twoo drammes and a halfe, which agayne dystilled, adde therevnto of Cynamone, of Cloues, of Spikenarde, of Ginger, of long▪ Pepper, of Xyloalo∣es, of Mace, of Galingale, of Zedoaria, and Lycoris, of eche sea∣uen drammes, and ten graynes weyght: these togither myxed in the forme of a sawce, dystill ouer agayne in a cucurbite: which vse as aboue taught: this borowed out of Fumanellus.

A water breaking the stone in the bladder and kidneys: Take of the iuice of Saxifrage twoo pyntes, of Grummell, and of the iuice of Perselie, of eche one pynte, of the best vinegar of a plea∣sant wine, eyght ounces, these altogither dystilled, let the lycur be kept in a glasse with a narrowe mouth, of which minister in the morning one ounce at a time, the like quantitie at noone, and at euening before the going to bedde: for this is a prooued water, as writeth Fumanellus.

A marueylous and rare water, causing the pacient to pysse forth sande, and clensing the kidneyes of the same: borowed out of Leonar. Fiorauantus. The which sande in man procureth a much and great heate and drythe of the kidneyes, and such doe pysse wth an extreme diffcultie, and burning in the comming forth of the vrine: in so much that such cannot abyde many gar∣ments on, but rather desire to go thinly and coldly, specialy on their backe. And for that cause any minding to cure suh a grife and disease, ought to minister and vse those matters, wich both Page  [unnumbered] coole, moysten, and take away or abate heate: like as this reme∣die following doth, both with great facilitie, and in a short time. The making of which is on this wyse: Take of the séedes of the lesser Lemmons, and of Orenges, of eche one pounde, of Saxi∣frage sixe poundes, of Balme, of Harts tongue, of the herbe Vi∣triolum growing on olde walles, of Sperage, of sea Holy, of Y∣sope, of the rootes of Fennell, and of Perselie, of ech vj. ounces, of the iuice of small Lemmons so much as shall suffice, to labor and incorporate the whole substance togither in the forme of a liquide paste or very soft ointment: let this substance be distilled in a Tin Lymbecke, which is diligently closed in the edges rounde about, vntill all the substance of moysture be drawen, which after kéepe in a glasse close stopped: But this learne, that when you mynde to minister and vse of this water, that the bodie before be through∣ly purged of the crude and clammy humors, and like the stomack purged both of fleume and choller, which thus prepared, let the pacient take of this water warme, both morning and euening, vnto the quantity of sixe ounces at a time: and in the meane time, to vse a dyet, in abstayning or refrayning from colde and moyste meates, and to eate the drie. And this in such a case and disease, is a most prooued remedie, often experienced of the Author.

A water breaking the stone of the bladder, which a Cardinall vsed sundrie tymes: Take of Philipendula sixe poundes, of the rootes of Acorus, thrée poundes, of Saxifrage with the rootes, as much as the whole, these diligently stampe togither, and dystill according to Arte: of this water vse vnto the quantitie of an ounce at a time.

A water of a marueylous propertie, against the stone of the kidneyes: Take of the redde Cicers, of the gréene ryndes of Beanes, of eche thrée poundes, of Madder, of the Cherie trée leaues, of Egrimonie, of Centarach, of Mother wort, of Date stones, of the iawes of a Pyke, of eche one ounce, of soure Oren∣ges fiue in number, of soure Lemmons foure in number, of Ho∣nie cleane skymmed, and of Sugar, of eche one pounde and a halfe, of the water of Wormewoode twoo pyntes, of rosed Honie fower ounces, of chosen Cynamone halfe an ounce, of Galingale one ounce, of chosen Xyloaloes twoo drammes, of Pennyroyall Page  88 one ounce, of Maioram one ounce and a halfe, these beaten and laboured togither, dystill according to Arte: of which giue thrée ounces at a time fasting.

A marueylous and prooued water breaking the stone, whether the same shall be in the kidneyes, or in the bladder, out of Arnol∣dus de villa noua: Take of the Sperage rootes, of Acorus, of Saxifrage, of Virga aurea, of Mirasolis, the whole with his rootes, of eche twoo poundes, of the squilliticke vinegar fower pyntes, of the iuice of Lemmons twoo pyntes, of burnt glasse, and of the herbe Poey of the mountaine, of eche one pounde, all these a lit∣tle beaten and grinded togither, distill after Arte in a Cucurbite, and that which shall be dystilled, reserue in a glasse: of this giue twoo drammes with the wyne of the decoction of Leuisticus, for it marueylously auayleth.

A dystilled water for the hearing: Take of Betonie, one rawe Onyon rounde and whyte, of Rosemarie, of bitter Almondes, of a whyte grosse Eele, all these chopped togither, dystill in a Lim∣becke, and the lycour which commeth forth, kéepe in a glasse, of this droppe warme into the eare or eares.

An odoriferous Damascene water, or water of vertue, in the tyme of the Plague: Take of Rose water fower pyntes, of Ben∣iamin, that is, of Assa dulcis, of Styrax calaminta, and of Cloues, of eche one ounce, of both the Saunders, of eyther thrée drams, of the ryndes of the Cytrone, of Cyperus Romanus, and of Cyna∣mone, of eche halfe an ounce, of Camphora, thrée ounces, of Lig∣num Aloe sixe drammes, these chopped and stamped togither, put into a glasse bodie couered close with a Parchment, letting it so stande to infuse for thrée dayes, which the fourth daye dystill ac∣cording to Arte by a Lymbecke in Balneo Mariae, after adde to the water, of Cyuet twentie graynes, of Muske twenty graines, these throughly laboured togither, set in the sunne for xv. dayes, and then will it be a water very odoriferous.

A water or rather a lycour, precious agaynst pestilent Agues, and this sundrie tymes prooued: Take of Ales twoo drammes and a halfe, of the dystilled Myrrhe which otherwyse is named Stacte, twoo drammes, of Saffron one dramme, of Nutmegs, of Cloues, of Cardamomum, of the graines of Paradise, of Cubebae,Page  [unnumbered] of Cynamone, of Mace, of Ginger, of Xyloaloes, of Caphura, of the séedes of the Pome cytron that be soure, of the Pionie séedes, of Xylobalsamum, of eche one dramme, of Rosemarie flowers, of Buglosse, of Borage, of Marigolds, of Spike, of eche one dram, of Staechas one ounce, of the Dittanie rootes, of Tormentill, of Zedoaria, of the whyte Behen, and redde Behen, of Euula campa∣na, of Acorus, of Englyshe Galingale, called otherwise Cyperus, of Carlina, of Reubarbe, of the leaues of Hares Lettuce or iag∣ged, of eche one dramme, of the ryndes of the Pome cytrone so much, of olde Triacle, of the electuarie of the precious 〈◊〉, of eche an ounce, of Muske thrée graynes, of the bones of the Harts heart twoo drammes, of the iuice of Pomewaters, or swéete ap∣ples, of Honie, of the Myrobalanes Chebulae, of eche halfe an ounce, of Sugar vnto the weyght of the whole, which altogither beaten and infused in a glasse bodie for twoo dayes, dystill with a soft fire: that which first commeth forth, let be kept to vse, of this minister euery day one great spoonefull: for this is one of the best and oftenest prooued, of the true medicines in the Pestilence: the next which commeth forth, chaungeth vnto a whytenesse, or be∣gynneth to be troubled, which cast away. Fumanellus.

A compounde water which is made of spyces, deliuering the Pestilence: Poure the water on the spyces delyuering, and dy∣still in the same maner, like as the oyle of Cloues, or of Annise séedes, or of other drie herbes be dystilled. In this distillation put a pound of pure whyte Sugar, which cleane clarified, put in then twoo ounces of the spyces, which frame into tables.

A compounde Damascen water, and oyle Damascene: Take of Malmesie thrée pyntes, of Rosewater, and of Lauander, of eche halfe a pynte, of Cynamone, and of Cloues, of eche halfe an ounce, of Rosemarie flowers, and of Maiorame, of eche foure handfull, of the Cloue rootes, of the ryndes of Orenges, of Cu∣pressus, Costmarie, and of the Balme woode, of eche halfe a hand∣full, of the Baye leaues, and of the Nutmeg, of eche one hande∣full, of Ladanum, of Nigella Roma. of Styrax calaminta, of eche one ounce, of the pouder of Ireos, twoo ounces, of Calamus aro∣maticus, of long Pepper, of ech one ounce and a half, of Camphora twoo drammes, of Amber and Muske, of eche one scruple: these Page  89 stampe, and diligently labour togither, which after the ••éeping for thrée dayes, dystill in a Cucurbite 〈…〉 wa∣ter; and the next an oyle: which 〈◊〉 let 〈…〉 in a double ve••ell.

A water helping 〈◊〉 procéeding of 〈…〉, the trembling of the heart, the Quartain〈◊〉, the 〈◊〉 and griefes of the splene and w••be, diseases 〈◊〉 of 〈…〉 cause: Take of the flowers of Rosemarie, of the flowers and rootes of Buglosse, and of the Q••nce 〈…〉 on∣ce, of Saffron halfe a dramme: all 〈…〉 and infused in 〈…〉 of whyt wyne, 〈…〉 bodie, couered, and set in 〈◊〉: after dystill and vse▪ this but of Fumanellus.

A water that deliuereth 〈…〉 of Ague: 〈◊〉 of the 〈◊〉 of Fumitarie purified, in which Reysins of the sunne be 〈…〉.

〈…〉, the 〈…〉 the 〈◊〉 Take of Clo•••, of Nutmegges, of 〈…〉, o Ginger, of osemarie, of Herbe grace, and of Scabious, of eche twoo ounces, 〈◊〉 fine∣ly 〈…〉, and 〈…〉, which after 〈…〉 with a soft 〈…〉, kéepe to your vse.

A water causing the pacient to reye, and to appeare yong agayne: Take of pure Turpentine one ponde, of clarified honie 〈◊〉 pyntes▪ of burning water twoo pyntes, of Xyloaloes the pu∣rest in powder thrée or drammes and a halfe, of the Saunders 〈◊〉 much, of Olibanum, of 〈…〉, of the bone of the Harte heart, of Zedoaria, and of long Pepper, of eche thrée drammes, of gumme Arabecke one ounce, of the Nutmegge, Galingale, Cubebae, Cynamone, Carowayes, 〈◊〉 Mace, Cloues, Spike∣narde, Saffron and Ginger, of ech threacute;e drammes, of chosen Muske a pe••e weyght: all these diligently brought to powder, dystill according to Arte, vntill a water 〈◊〉 forth so cle••e as the fountaine water, & whyles the 〈◊〉 water is in comming Page  [unnumbered] forth, which then appeareth fierie, increase the fire by little and little: for the water will ssue then vnto the thycknesse of honie.

Another water of youth: this so named the water of youth, in that it preserueth youth, and deliuereth the person vsing it from sickenesse: Take of Xyloaloes, of Cloues, of Ginger, of Galin∣gale, of Cardamomum, of Cubebae, of graynes of Paradyse, of Rubarbe, of Cynamone, of Nutmegs, of Aloes, of Calomus a∣romaticus, of Mace, of eche twoo drammes, all these brought into a grosse powder, sease diligently, adding to it of the iuice of Ce∣londine twoo pyntes, of 〈◊〉, of Brionie, of Buglosse, of Fumi∣terrie, of Rue, of Betnie, of Mynte, of Borage, and of Fennell, of eche halfe a pounde, all these reduced into one, and dystilled with the best whyte wyne: of this dystilled lycour druncke eue∣ry daye in the Summer time one spoonefull, but in the Wynter twoo.

A dystilled water for the drying of vlcers, and the Fistula: take of the best Aqua vitae, and that thryse dystilled ouer, so much as you will, into it 〈◊〉 of Betnie, of Verua•••, of Rosemarie, and of saint Iohns worte, of eche alike well boyled (put into the Aqua vitae▪) or otherwise let them be dystilled againe togither, and the vlcers after washed with it.

A marueylous water healing the: Fistula, and all woundes▪ Take of Rosemarie, of Bys, of the Myrtill, of the wilde Sml∣ledge, ••garden Smalledge, which fower herbes cause newly 〈◊〉 be dystilled by a glasse Lymbeck, of which water take one ounce, after adde of Turpentine sixe ounces, of gumme Iuie thrée oun∣ces, of Olibanum twoo ounces, of Saffron, Mastick, of Cubebae, of Nutmegs, of Myrre, of Galingale, of Cinamone, of Aloes ••ceatrine, of Cloues, of eche one ounce, but let all these be finely brought to powder, and infused in the abouesayde waters, put the whole into a Cucurbite, which dystill accoring to Arte: this wa∣ter reserue in a glasse bodie: for this auayleth against any Fistula being from the throte downewarde, and all woundes, i of the same you shall apply on them, and that a clothe wette in this wa∣ter, be applyed vpon the sayd Fistulaes, chaunging it foth as it wareth, dri•• this also much auayleth and helpeth any passion•• the bodie, impostume, and inwarde griefes, by drincing a litle Page  90 of the same. But if any Fistula shall be from the thrte vpwarde, then let be added to the foresayd substances one ounce of Pepper▪ and it will be most perfite: and the fecies which shall remayne of the sayde dystillation, bying to powder: for that applyed on anye vlcer, healeth it.

A water of a diuine working healing any wounde in a shorte time, and both ytche and scabbes. Take of the whyte Tartare calcined, that is, with the quicke siluer decocted and purified, of burning water, so much as shall suffice vnto the dystilling that if oftener it shall be dystilled, it is then caused the effectuou•••. Fu∣manellu.

Another prooued water against the Fistula, which so hardeneth yron, that you may cut another péece of yron therewith, so easie a•• if the same were woode: Take of ath wormes, and of them drawe a water by dystillation, and like drawe a water of Ra••sh 〈◊〉: whch myxed togither, into thi then put 〈…〉 yron 〈…〉 redde hote, the same thus heated and 〈◊〉 for three or fowre tymes by anequall q••ntitie vsed as 〈◊〉 tymes, and the knyfe tempered with an edge, ippe redde hote againe in∣to the glasse with the waters abouesayde: for you may after cut any Iron safely and easily, and this wter 〈◊〉 is marueylous in Fistulaes.

A water for all woundes: Take of Eg••monde, of Solanum, of P•••taine, of 〈◊〉 a pounde, of whyte wyne to much▪ of whyte glasse fower ounces, of crude Allu thrée ounces, of Ma∣sticke twoo ounces, of Orpiment halfe a scruple, of the whytes of egges sixe in number, let all these be stronglye beatin togither, and dystilled: with this water washe twyse a day the wounde.

Another water for Fistulaes, knobbes, knottes, bunches, scr∣f••s, and any other manner of swelling without payne: Take of the chosen oyle of Tylestones fiue pyntes, of whyte Franckin∣cense, of Masticke, of gumme Arabecke, of Turpentine of Ve∣nice, of eche thrée ounces, these finely wrought togither, dystill in a Cucurbite after Arte, and in the dystilling ouer againe adde fiue poundes of Salte, and that dystilled lycour then kéepe to thy vse: this Fumanellus.

A water soone healing wounds: Take of burning water fower Page  [unnumbered] ounces, of Triacle halfe n ounce, this after the dystilling, apply on woundes, and strawing then the pouder of Aloes and Myrre: this Fumanellus.

A water which healeth all woundes spéedily, in any part of th bodie, whether those be newe or olde woundes, and the Fistul as the author hath 〈…〉••perienced: Take of Aqua vitae dystilled of the best whte wyne, twoo pyntes, of Rosemarie wa∣ter, and of Sage water, dystilled at one time, of ech fiue pyntes, of whyte 〈◊〉 ten poundes, which laboured togither, or still o∣uer againe after adde a viall or glasse full of Rosemary flowers, and so much of Sage flowers, these mixed with the foresayde dy∣stlation, 〈…〉 it so stande for a daye, which after strayne and kéepe in a glasse to your vse: The maner of vsing, is, that it must be applyed on with a lynnen cloth wette in it, and as the same cloth alwayes dryeth, moysten it againe.

Another water to drawe out bones, and to kéepe the member▪ from putrifying▪ and auayleth in woundes: Take of whyte Venice Turpenti•• vnwashed, of pure shppe Pitche, of the h∣nie combes, of eche one pounde, of pure and newe Rosen being whyte, and of Hnie fiue poundes: all these dystill by a Limbecke of glass, and the water kéepe in a Viall.

A compounde water, for them which newly recouer out of ther Frence disease, by the 〈…〉Ronde•••ius: Take of the rsped 〈…〉▪ one pounde, of good olde Triacle〈◊〉 ounces, of the conserue of Roses, Buglosse, and Borage, of eche twoo ounces, of the Conerue of Helenium or Hlycampane, and Rosemarie flowers, of eche one ounce, of the powder of the elec∣tuari of precious stan••• and of that named Letitia Galeni, of eche 〈…〉: thse togither infuse in a glasse bodie filled thrée partes vp, with whyte wyne and pure Conduite water, of eche alyke, which dystil with Cynamon on ashes: in this water dystilled, melt so much Sugar as shall sffice, which after let runne through an Ipocras bagge: of this giue to the féeble reco∣uered from the French disease.

A Tricle water of the same mans description: Take of olde Triacle one pounde, of Sorrell thrée handfulles, of Camomill flowers, of Penny Royall, of the long or great grasse, and of the Page  91 blessed Thystell, of eche twoo handfull, these stéeped in whyte wyne, dystill after Arte: this kéepe in a glasse with a narrowe mouth: let the pacient take twoo ounces of the same water, wyth thrée ounces of Sorrell water and Buglosse, when he goeth to bedde, or entreth into the bathe or hote house: This water cureth the paynes of the French disease, if the same be ministred alone, or with the decoction of Grummell or the great Burre: I (sayth the Author) by happy successe haue cured many children, and olde persons with this potion, or by sometimes adding certaine drops to the common decoction of Guaicum, so that through the thinnesse of partes, doth this water soone penetrate, and sende forth the matter. This water also, with the water of the extinction of golde myxed, doth correct and amende all manner of defaultes, of the Quicksiluer.

A Triacle water helping the falling sickenesse, of the same Au∣thors inuention: Take of olde Triacle fower ounces, of Me∣thridate twoo ounces, of the Helycampane rootes halfe a pounde, of the herbe Clarée twoo handfuls, of the greater Celondine one handfull, these after the infusion for a night in Malmesie, and put altogither into a glasse bodie, distill according to Arte: This wa∣ter auayleth in all colde griefes and diseases, both of the brayne and sinewes.

A Triacle water of Iacobus Siluius, which he vsed in the French disease: take of the rasped woode Guaicum halfe a pound, of Spring or Conduite water viij. pyntes, of the white wyne not pleasant twoo pyntes, of the waters of Fumiterrie, Succorie, and Camomill, of eche one pynte, let all these be infused togither for a night on hote ashes or ymbers, to which after adde of the Polipodie of the Oke halfe a pounde, of the flower of Tyme twoo ounces, of Sperage sixe ounces, of the Conserue of Roses, Suc∣corie, Borage, and Buglosse, of eche fower ounces, of the best Triacle twoo ounces, of the conserue of Helycampane twoo oun∣ces: these well closed in a glasse bodie, dystill in a double vessell: The quantitie to be ministred at one tyme, is from twoo vnto thrée ounces: and you may (if you will) adde to thrée ounces of the Triacle water, one ounce of Sugar, and a dramme of Cyna∣mone, and let the same dystill againe through an Ipocras bagge, Page  [unnumbered] for so the taste of it shall be the pleasanter in the drincking: let be giuen in bedde in the morning, to procure a strong sweate.

Eyght waters of S. Aegidius, helping the falling sicknesse newe come, the Palsie, wounds & Agues: Take of Isope, Peny Royall, Hares foote, of Succorie, of eche a lyke, these stamped in a mor∣ter, and dystilled, kéepe in a glasse with a narrowe mouth: After take of Rue, of Perselie, of Zedoaria, of Aloes, or the stone Cala∣minaris, of eche a lyke quantitie or dramme, these beaten togi∣ther, boyle in the foresayd water vnto a consumption of the third part, the same after straine through a linnen cloth, kéeping it thē close stopped: and after the standing and setting of it. xl. dayes, let the pacient drincke of this lycour euery morning fasting, for ten dayes togither, being molested with anye of the abouesayde sickenesses or diseases, yea, if he happen to haue the Plague, but then let him refraine meate for six houres after the taking of this drincke: This lycour also druncke with a fasting stomacke, doth preserue the person from the falling sicknesse and Palsie, for this excéedingly comforteth the members: If this besides be druncke fasting with Castorie, these sickenesses being but newe begun, it is a speciall remedie: It singularly auayleth, in the healing of woundes, and the cutting of veynes and sinewes, if those be was∣shed with it: It cureth besides all maner of Agues, being drunck with a fasting stomacke for nyne mornings togither.

The seconde water of the Philosophers: Take of Rue, of E∣grimonie, of the Satyrion, of Celondine, of Sugar, of the stone Calaminaris (otherwise Tutia) of eche a lyke quantitie, these bea∣ten togither, dystill in a Lymbecke with a soft fire: This water is very precious, in that it healeth any grief or disease of the eyes: This vsed or taken with meates, or otherwyse in potions before meate, and with a fasting stomacke auayleth against all poysons, in casting it vp by vomiting: and druncke fasting, cureth the Dropsie, and clenseth the stomacke of all putrified and colde hu∣mors, it extinguisheth the créeping influmation called Saint An∣thonies fire in a day, if playsters of Towe be applyed vpon, being wette in this water: It cureth the Canker, being myxt with A∣loes, and that a playster of the towe of Hempe wette in it, be ap∣plyed vpon twyse in the daye.

Page  92The thirde water of the Phylosophers, which otherwise is na∣med Petralis▪ Take of Pympernell séedes, of Persely, of Smal∣ledge, of the Burre, and of Masticke, of ech a lyke: these myxed beate togither with Goates bloude, adding a little strong vine∣gar, which let so stande close stopped for certaine dayes, after dy∣still the whole in a Cucurbite after Arte: the water which then commeth forth, breaketh both the redde and whyte stone, being eyther rough, playne, or sharpe: But if the stone shall be bro∣ken, then let the pacient drincke of this water with a fasting sto∣macke, and he shall then pisse the sande forth. And washing anye scabbed partes with this water, doth spéedily heale the scabbes, and causeth heare to growe in the bare places: It cureth also all maner of scabbes of the bodie, by washing all the places of the bodie with this water, for thrée or fower dayes togither: and druncke fasting in the morning, ingendreth good bloude in the bo∣die: It deliuereth the Palsie, by drincking of it twyse in the daye with Castoreum or Castorie, vnlesse the sickenesse shall be confir∣med: This also healeth the Apoplexie and falling sickenesse.

The fourth water: Take of yong Swallowes brought to pou∣der, to which adde Castoreum or Castorie, myxing a quantitie of vinegar withall, these distill in a Cucurbite: The water drunck, auayleth against the falling sickenesse: If he be a yong person of xiiij. yeares of age taken with the sickenesse, if he shall drincke of this water fasting for fortie dayes, shall throughlye be cured: It also helpeth the Cough, & the straitenesse of the breast, or fetching of breath, by drincking of it fasting nine mornings togither: It comforteth and amendeth the brayne, it purgeth the stomack, it inlargeth the breast, and taketh away the cause procuring the Palsie, it increaseth sperme, and heateth the colde persons: and druncke fasting with Isope, healeth the Dropsie of a colde cause, and the Quotidian or dayly Ague: But euery woman with child must refrayne (that season) from the drincking of this watr, in that the same slayeth the chylde. This also druncke with Isope, helpeth the diseases of the heade, and procureth an appetyte, pur∣chasth sléepe, helpeth digestion, and sendeth forth the vrine.

The fift water: Take of Isope, of Gladen, of Sauin, of So∣thernwood, of eche alyke, of thee make a pate, letting it so stand Page  [unnumbered] impasted togither for certaine dayes, which dystill according to Arte: for this is a singular water, and of a great vertue: It a∣uayleth against all manner of Agues, as well hote as colde: It prouoketh womens termes, and for that cause women with child ought to refrayne the taking of this water, for doubt and feare of loosing the yongling: The water druncke, stayeth the bloudie fluxe, or the perillous fluxe of bloude named Dysenteria, and is a singular remedie also agaynst any maner of fluxe of the bellie: It purgeth the stomack of euill humors, and stayeth the wormes in the bodie: Druncke with Castoreum, helpeth the Palsie, mini∣stred or taken warme euery morning.

The sixt water of the Philosophers, is made of a Moule, which serueth vnto the dying or colouring of heares whyte, eyther of man or beast: Take a Moule, which artely brought to powder with Brimstone, adde to it the iuice of Celondine, which orderly myxed, let so stande for certaine dayes, after dystill the whole ac∣cording to Arte: The vertue of this water, is on such wyse, that if a beast wholy blacke of heare, shall be washed all ouer with this water, the heares shall in short tyme become so whyte as snowe: Also if to this water be waxe and Aloes myxed, and annoynting the Palsie member therewith, it cureth the same in short tyme: It healeth besides the disease named Noli me tangere, if this be ap∣plyed plaisterwise vpon: it amendeth the weakenesse of the head: Further this water commixed with the stone named Calamina∣ris, and Aloes, healeth the disease named the Wolfe, if the same be applyed playster wyse twyse a daye, or onlye washed twyse a day with the same water: but beware that this lycour enter not, and especially that you vse it not within the bodie.

The seauenth water, which is named the water of conseruati∣on or preseruing: Take Persely, which after the well beating in a morter, dystill according to Arte: who that drincketh of thys water, not hauing an appetyte to meate, with a fasting stomack, doth not onely amende all wyndynesse and rawnesse of the sto∣macke, but procureth digestion: it purgeth also the breast of su∣perfluous humors.

The eyght water is named the condupliciue or doubled: Take of Smalledge séedes, of the oyle of Poppie, of whyte Sugar, and Page  93 of Cloues, of eche alyke, these laboured togther in a Morter, adde to the whole the aboue sayde water of preseruing, and mixed diligently togither, dystill these in a glasse body after Arte: This water drunck cold in the morning fasting, and warme at the go∣ing to bedde, doth marueylously helpe the Cough, and griefes or paynes of the breast: This water also druncke warme with Ca∣storie, auayleth in all the diseases of the splene, and tremblings of the members, yea, and comforteth both the heade and brayne: These eyght waters did the Authour translate out of the Ger∣mayne into the Latine tongue, written first by that godlye man Aegidius. And a ninth water, affirmeth the Author there was, which for that the description of the same was vnperfite, for that cause he left it, as vnmentioned in this place.

¶ Of the compounde waters, which are named Elixir, of which some also extende vnto Baulmes: and may like be ap∣plyed, as shall after appeare. The .Lxxxvij. Chapter.

A Marueylous Elixir once made and experienced, by the sin∣gular lerned Iohn ••ntiume, in that the same marueylously

[illustration]
nourisheth and restoreth, yea, comforteth the sinewie members, Page  [unnumbered] and the sinewes themselues, as both the stomacke & the heart: be∣sides it purgeth the stomacke, increaseth memorie resolueth win∣dinesse, & procureth an appetite: The dose or quantitie to be vsed, at one time is so much as one dramme weight. The person which shall haue a hote stomack, let him vse this with the water of En∣diue, especially in the hote season: But ye person which hath a cold stomacke, & that in a colde season, let the pacient then vse or take it with Baulme or Wormewoode water, or such a like lycours: The making of it, is on this wise: take of Rosemarie, & of Mints, of eche halfe an ounce▪ of Cinamone one ounce, of the iuice of Li∣corise, and Lycorise scraped, of eche, one ounce and a halfe, of chosen Reubarbe one ounce and a halfe, of Spike thrée scruples, of Saffron one scruple, of Cloues, of Mace, of Nutmegs, and of Galingale, of eche one dramme, of chosen Manna, and oyle of Turpentine, of eche twoo ounces, of Tartare one ounce and a halfe, of the pulpe or tender fleshe of a Capon, halfe a pounde weyght, of the pulpe of Partriches, one pounde, of Diarrhodon abbatis, thrée ounces, of the Fisticke nuttes, named otherwyse Pistace, of Iourdane Almondes, and of the Pynpple kirnel, of eche eyght ounces, of Oates, of Reysins, and of Pennites o Sugar, of eche sixe ounces, of Muske, and of Amber, of eche halfe a scruple: all these beaten togither, and infused in the best Aqua vitae for thrée dayes, and dystilled after in a glasse bodie: the wa∣ter of lyfe which then is dystilled, will be cléere and pure: If the dystillation, or rather the infusion shall be done in Malmesie, i shall or will be much better. This borowed out of an Italian worke written.

A secrete water: Take of Malmesey, pure and good, into which put your flowers, herbes, and spices, and what thinges besides you please: that let so stande infused, for thrée or foure dayes in a glasse bodie close luted, to putryfie: after dystill the whole with a most slowe and easie fire, and make no separation vntill the end: then separate or drawe awaye the waters, and cease, least the waters styncke, and the spyces burne. In that water drawne, dissolue Sugar, adding after of Muske, Amber, and Cinamon, and if you will haue your water very delectable or pleasant: the•• take of Sugar Candie, pouring vpon it the best Aqua vitae, and Page  94 the same dystill from the Sugar, vntill the spirites and fumes ascende: poure the other water in the abouesayde glasse bodie, in which will thrée or foure Aromaticall redde drops fall: and such a dystillation also shall be repeated with Sugar Candie, as be∣fore, and the same so often repeated ouer, shall marueylouslye worke, being especially mixed with golde, as you may like co∣ceyue: and you shall then haue golde dissolued, or potable golde, that is both marueylous and very effectuous, and swéetest. And if you be mynded to haue pure golde, then laye a deade heade in a moyst place, and you shall purchase and possesse a marueylous Arte: And this abouesayde maner, doth excell the others, as rea∣son the like instructeth: which the Authour here will not reueale, for causes that he knoweth.

A golden water, or Elixir vitae: Take of Sage thrée quarters of a handfull, of Nutmegs, of Mace, of Gynger, of graynes of Paradyse, of Cloues, and of Cynamone, of eche twoo drammes, of Reubarbe, of Castorée, and of Spikenarde, of eche halfe an ounce, of oyle of Bayes Artely drawne, twoo ounces, these dili∣gently beaten and mixed togither, infuse in sixe measures of good wyne, close couered in a glasse bodie for a moneth, at the ende of which tyme, let the wyne be strayned, and the spyces or drugges agayne beaten very fine, vntill the whole be lyke a thicke broth or lycour, vpon which, poure then the abouesayde wyne, letting the whole stande for other thrée dayes couered, which after dystill by a Limbecke: The water which commeth forth, will be so cleare as Chrystall, the same kéepe in a glasse bodie with a nar∣rowe mouth, being close stopped, which applye to these griefes and sickenesses ensuing: If you sprynckle Fyshes, Byrdes, Fowles, Venison, and such lyke, with this water, they shall not putrifie, so long as you be mynded reasonablye to kéepe them. Wyne of a sower & straung sauour, & decayed, is made pleasant and perfite, if you poure a little of this water n it. This water druncke, or applyed vpon, healeth inwarde impostumes, it com∣forteth the vowels, and helpeth the Cholick: it healeth wounds, if a lynnen cloth wette in this water be applyed on the wounde: It defendeth the falling sicknesse beginning to come or growe on any, being drunck, or applyed on the brayne: it cureth the griefs Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  94〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered] and sores of the mouth and Iawes, and amendeth the euill sauor or styncke of breath, through the rottennesse of the gummes, and the stinck also of the nosthrils and eares: If this be druncke of men, t preserueth their strength, and correcteth fearefulnesse, by drying vp the moystures in bodie: It correcteth and clenseth the spottes of the eyes, and amendeth also the defaults of the bo∣die: This out of an vnknown Authour in the Germaine tongue.

Another named a Golden water, of a most singular vertue: Take of Sage leaues twoo ounces, of Nutmegges, of Cloues, of Zedoaria, & of the granes of Paradise, of ech halfe an ounce, of Cinamon one ounce, of Lauander foure ounces, of good wine one gallon. Let all these be close couered in a glasen vessel for xiiij. dayes, after the wyne strayned, let the spyces be well bea∣ten, and mixed againe with the wyne, which dystill in a Limbeck in sande, or in Balneo Mariae: This water doth prouoke appetite, comforteth and strengtheneth the stomacke, correcteth the disea∣ses of the lunges, and amendeth the griefes of the splene, and all the inner partes: it is a defender of all poysons, it cleareth the bloude, it amendeth and taketh awaye the euill sauour of breath, and the stincking ayre comming out of the nose, caused through a péece of fleshe growne in the ouermost part of the nose wythin, also Rheures, the cough, straitenesse of the breast, the difficultie of breathing, comforteth the brayne▪ and memorie, sharpeneth the sight, healeth all maner of griefes of the eyes, and is a singu∣lar medicine to them which are sore whipped, wounded, or fallen from a high place: it dissolueth and putteth awaye impostumes, it asswageth and helpeth both the Goute and falling sickenesse, it clenseth and healeth the foule sourfe, Ringwormes, and the Le∣prie▪ and in the Crampe an vttermost refuge, and singular help. If this be myxed with corrupt wynes, it rectifieth the taste and sauour of the wyne: it preserueth olde men, such as be comely or beautifull, and well coloured.

The Elixir vitae, of the discription of Fiorauantus, that aydeth the vertue and propertie of all medicines, if a little quantitie be mixed with them. And this rather to be counted a deuine, than a humaine secrete: the making of which precious and rare lycour is on this wyse: Take of Cloues, of Nutmegs, of Zedoaria, of Page  95 Ginger, of Galingale, of the whyte and blacke Pepper, of Iu∣niper berries, of the ryndes of the Cytrone, of the ryndes of O∣renges, of Sage, of Baill, of Rosemarie, of Myntes, of Maio∣ram, of Bay beries, of Pennie royall, of Gentian, of Calamint, of the Elder flowers, of the white and redde Rose leaues, of the Spikenarde, of Cubebae, of the Aloes Hepaticke, of Lignum A∣loe, of Cardamomum, of Cynamone, of Calamus Aromaticus, of Stichas, of Germaunder, of Camepithis, otherwise bitter swéete, Baulme, Mace, Olibanum, the séedes of Motherwoort, the seedes of Maioram, of eche twoo drammes, of Fygges, of Reysins of the Sunne, of Dates, of Almondes, of Pyne apple kirnels, of eche sixe ounces, of whyte Honie one pounde, of Leant Muske one dramme, of fine Sugar foure pounds, all these myxed, beate and labour diligently togither, so that those which may be stam∣ped, beat in a grsse maner, & the whole then infuse in xv. pynts of Aqua vitae drawne of good wyne, & dystilled before thryse ouer, put vp, and close c•••red in a glasse bodie with a heade, which le so stande for te••• dayes at the least: after being diligentlye luted in the necke, set the bodie to dystill so long in Balneo Mariae, vntill the feces remayne drie: then drawe awaye the Receyuer, pouring the water after into a Peltirane, which set in hote horse

[illustration]
dung to circulate for twoo whole Moneths: and being thus circu∣lated, you haue obtayned your prepared and glorious Elixir, which contayneth so great and straunge vertues in it: After take the bodie in which the feces be contayned, and dystill them in ashes with a most strong fire, for then shall come forth a licour so redde as bloude, which will somewhat sauour of smoke, and be troubled, the same also circu∣late in like order, as aboue taught: for this is of a firie substance, which may (through his vertue) rayse as it were the deade: and being thus circulated, stoppe diligently the mouth of the glasse, Page  [unnumbered] kéeping it to your vse: As touching the vertues of this Elixir, in standing vpon the rehearsall of all, woulde séeme ouer long, in that it helpeth and recouereth all maner of sicknesses and disea∣ses: notwithstanding shall here be vttered certaine particular remedies and helpes with breuitie: Nowe the first water dystil∣led by Balneo Mariae, druncke vnto the quantitie of a dramme e∣uery thirde day, preserueth the bodie in most happie estate, and defendeth it from many kyndes of sickenesses and diseases: It healeth any kynde of wounde, by applying clothes wette in it, within twise or thrise dressing, at the most: & both marueylously & speedily healeth all maner of griefes of the eies, by letting fal oe drop at a time, and preserueth also the sight a long tyme, in such sort, that such persons shall not néede a paire of spectacles: and 〈◊〉 a woman often bath or wash hir face and breast▪ with this water, it preserueth hr long in one state, insomuch that she shall not ap∣peare aged of a long time. Taking thElixi by▪ the mouth, mo∣ueth and procureth a veuer all ppetite, 〈◊〉 disposeth brr•• women to conceyue lightly with chylde, as hth thee expere∣ced, and auayleth in all matters▪ as by proofe (who that lyfteth to trie) shall further vnderstande, and know of the truth of these. This later water hauing a redde colour as blou•••〈◊〉 of wo∣men by the mouth vnto the••••titie of two drammes at a time, helpeth the paynes of the mtrce▪ and dissolueth the stitches of the sides and Pleurisies, and cureth the Cholicke passions by an∣nointing vpon the grieued places, and the lyke helpeth the hard∣nesse of the Mylt, the payne and griefe of the téeth, the euill sa∣uour and stincke of breath, and sundrie others lyke: It taketh a∣waye and healeth any kynde of Ague, in that this sendeth forth & putteth away all the euill humors which hynder nature, so well without as within the bodie: and through the same apt to heale a∣nye kynde of disease or sickenesse: If any pacient or sicke person hath so lost his speach, that he cannot vtter his wordes in the hea∣ring to the Minister, nor confirme his testament or will, then mi∣nister one dramme of the first, with one dramme of the seconde water, which entred and gone downe the throte, causeth the pa∣cient miraculouslye to recouer speache, and to talke his mynde after vntill the panges of death, with good remembraunce: and Page  96 this the Author experienced aboue a thousande tymes, in wor∣king miraculously by it, to his great prayse and report, and sa∣tisfying of the standers and lookers on: wherefore the Authour willeth all persons of abilitie, to be neuer vnprouided, or without this precious lycour, both for their owne healthes, and for their neyghbours, when néede shall require.

A marueylous water, which is named the mother of Baulme, whose properties are infinite and marueylous, and procureth a marueylous working in Fistulaes: Take of Turpentine one ounce, of Olibanum twoo ounces, of Aloes succotryne, of Ma∣sticke, of Cloues, of Galingale, of Cynamone, of Saffron, of Nutmegges, and Cubebae, of eche one ounce, of Gumme Iuie fiue ounces: all these finely brought to pouder, and close luted with the lute of wisedome in a glasse bodie, distill with a soft •••e: The fes water which commeth forth, will be whyte and cleare: the same continue so long with fire, vntill the water be∣ginneth to appeare yelowe and thicke, then take away the recey∣uer, and purchase the seconde water, which will be yelow, thick, and swymme aboue the first water: when that yelowe colour is higher tincted, then remoue the seconde water, in that the thirde commeth, which in colour is as the cleare Honie, and named pro∣perly a Balme, and hath the lyke effects and properties to it: If you shall let fall a droppe of it, from a knyues poynt into a cuppe glasse of water, the same will kéepe togither, euen lyke a true Baulme, in the bottome of the glasse, which after it hath stande for an houre, will flote aboue the water, not breaking a sunder: This also burneth, further, it courdeth mylke, for if one drop of it warme fall into a pynte of mylke, it forthwith thickeneth and courdeth the same, euen lyke the Baulme: The first water is named a Baulme▪ which cureth the Fistula, the sound and noyse of the eares, if you shall droppe twoo or thrée droppes of the same into the eare in the morning. The seconde water is named the oyle of Baulme, which cureth the eyes lacking the heares of the eye lyddes, the Leprosie and the running of the eyes, and that so∣dainly, if so be you washe the eyes mourning and euening with it: The thirde licour is named the Artificiall Baulme oyle, which in a maner possesseth the lyke properties, that the naturall hath: Page  [unnumbered] for this cureth & expelleth all wormes, the scabbe, & superfluous∣nesse, in what part of mans bodie the same shall happen: the like all impostumes, and all vlcers newly happening, and any swel∣ling of the eyes, if you shall bathe or washe them with the same: It is also more driuing backe of colde humors, than any other medicine: it cureth, restrayneth, and slayeth anye payne of the téeth, proceeding eyther of the worme, or of humours, if so be you washe them with it. And it singularly auayleth in all colde poy∣sons, as of the Tode, the Spyder, the Adder, and Scorpion, nor it is possible that they may harme a man, if he be eyther stinged or poysoned of any of them, so that the pacient applie vpon the place one droppe warme of it. All vlcers how déepe soeuer they be, whether in the fleshe, or in the sinewes and bone, and matte∣rie impostumes, if you shall washe them with it, without any tent applied, it cureth them within nyne dayes, how hideous so∣euer, or lothsome, canckred, or Fistulated they shall be, yes No∣li me tangere, and Aegidius disease: It hath also marueylous ef∣fectes, in the swéeting of metalline bodies. If you washe any colde gowte with it, and shall apply playsterwyse with a linnen cloth wette in it on the gréeued place, it spéedily asswageth and cureth the same: it putteth awaye, dryeth vp, and healeth the strokes or cuttes happening through a stone, or fall, causing a wounde in the place, by applying a lynnen cloth wette in it, and both stayeth, comforteth, and strengthneth the sinewes: & con∣ceyue that it is the hottest aboue any degrée, and no substaunce can be founde hotter then it, and it is also of such a penetration and hotnesse, that if you let fall one droppe warme on the paulme of the hande, it forthwith pearceth without harme, that you shall not féele it. It cureth and healeth the swelling of the féete, the legges, and also the gréefe or payne of the ioynts, applyed there∣on, it helpeth any colde comming of a colde cause, or of corrupt bloud. This liquour also is named the mother of Baulme, which if you will prooue the same, take a Pullet plucked bare, & cleane drawne within, or the guttes taken out, after heate him so long, vntill you can hardly abyde the holding of him in your hande, which then annoynt with the sayde oyle, & lay after in the sunne for two howers to dry, which through dry annoynt agayne with Page  97 the sayd oyle, letting it drye in: after put or lay the pullet where you wyll, for he shall neuer after putrifye, and it hath besides ma∣ny other properties of the lyke kynde and order: this borrowed out of Bertapalia.

A water or noble oyle, of a diuers & sundry properties vnto ma∣ny grieffes & disseases, as vnto the recouerye of sight, & memorie. It also strengthneth any member annointed with it, & digesteth the flewme harming the stomacke, & strengthneth it, mynistred vnto the quantity of a sponeful at a time: & in what maner also it be taken euery day fasting, the same defendeth the person from any byt of venemous beast, and applyed on the byt of any veno∣mous beast, spedily deliuereth and cureth the poysoning: annoin∣ted on any fowle scabbes, it spedilye healeth them, and slayeth wormes of the bodye: dropped into the eares, taketh away the hard and flowe hearing, helpeth the running or watering of the eyes, and all dulnesse of sight: and drunck it, delyuereth the swel∣linges of the inner members, & the téeth by washing: and if both vlcer and canker be annointed with it eueryday, they are spedily cured: and in the lyke maner, the resolution of the synewes: it cureth besydes the swellinges of the legges, or any sicknesse pro∣céeding of a cold cause. The Aucthour (to make this:) toke of Tur∣pentine, halfe a pound, of burning water two pints, of Xyloaloes, of the citryne & redde Saunders, of chosen Cinamon, of Cubebae, of Galingale, of Nutmegs, of Cardamomū, of Saffron, of Fran∣kinsence, of Mace, of Mastick, of Ginger, of Spiknard, of cloues, of each thrée ounces, of gum Arabicke, one ounce, of Muske one drā, of Amber gréece so much, all these he dyd beat apart, & finely sear∣sed them, which after he had infused thē togyther in Aqua vitae or burning water for a day in a glasse body, he then distilled ye whole with a very soft & slow fyre, vntyl the water distylling come forth cleare, and when it chaunged colour, he set vnder another Recea∣uer, and so kept eyther by it selfe: This Fumanellus.

An Elixir, or compound water of Lyfe, which shall be ap∣plyed vnto the Baulmes. The .lxxxviij. Chapter.

TAke of Cloues, of Nutmegs, of Gynger, of Galingale, of long Pepper, of black Pepper, of Zedoaria, of Iuniper horryes, of Page  [unnumbered] the rynds of Orynges, of ye rynds of citrones, of Maioram, of rose∣marie, of Myntes, of Baye berryes, of penny royall, of the round Aeristolochia, of Stoechas, of Sigillū. B. Mariae, of ye blessed thistle, of the flowers of Cheiri named of some the stocke gelyflowers, or rather the yelowe Violet flowers, of Dasie flowers, of redde Ro∣ses, of Elder flowers, of Spyknarde, of Lignum aloe, of Cubebae, of Cardamomum, of chosen Cynamon, of Calamus aromaticus, of Sage, of Basill, of Gentiane, of Catminte, of all the kindes of Saunders, of Acorus, of Pionie both the rootes & seedes, of Mace, of the garden nightshade, of the Hartes horne, of the sylinges of yuorie, of Germander, of Chamepithis or bytter swéete, of Nelli∣getta, of Masticke, of Olibanum, of Aloes hepaticke, of Myrre, of Chamomill flowers, of Dyll, of Mugwoort, and of Bytonie, of each thrée drams, or Borrage flowers, of Buglosse flowers, of Baulme, of Annise sedes, of Fennell, and Carrowaye seedes, of each two drams, of Specierum electuarij de gemmis, of Specierum diarhodon, of Specierum triasantali, Specierum aromatici rosati, of each halfe a dram, of Diamuschi, of Dulcis diambrae, of the elec∣tuarie of precious stones, of Triacle, of Diacorus, of Dianthos, of each halfe an ounce, of the flowers of the hearbe Lichnitis, of Al∣tilis, of the bremble flowers, of Marygold flowers, of the rootes of Bardana, of the Ferne rootes, of each halfe an ounce, of the greater Celondine, with the rootes cleane scraped from the fylthe, and the rotten & decayed leaues cut away, if any such hang on, one ounce, of chosen Ruberbe an ounce & a halfe, and of oyle of Turpentine one pounde; all these aboue noted, well beaten & brought to pou∣der, and let eache be gotten and put vp in his proper tyme (in be∣gynning from the Spring, and continuing the Sommer) in the best Aqua vitae made of pure & pleasaunt rennyshe wyne distyl∣led in a Glasse bodie, and not in a Copper vessell, and in that the flowers and hearbs gathered in theyr speciall tymes infused, and close stopped in a glasse bodie, with the head dilygently luted on. The Aqua vitae in which the abouesayd spyces shall be infused, must be vnto the quantitie of twentie and sixe pyntes. If you shall deuide the water into thrée bodyes, and lyke the spyces and other matters: you shall then distyll safer in those three seuerall tymes, then in one bodie, and at one tyme alone. And set your Page  98 bodie with his head on, in Balneo Mariae, hauing a soft fire vnder. The fyrst which commeth, wyll be the Elixir or iewell of Lyfe, the same keepe alone close stopped in a Glasse, that it breathe not forth. The next water which commeth, wyll be grosser, seruing vnto farre sympter vses. And the Feces remayning in the glasse bodye, bee compared to Triacle, and serue for the poore, and many sycknesses.

Another Elixir vitae, maruaylously strengthning and comfor∣ting the head, in a maner lyke to the other afore: sauing it is no∣thing so chargeable, and with lesser trauayle done. Take of Cloues, of Nutmegs, of gynger, of Zedoaria, of Galingale, of long Pepper, and the blacke, of the ryndes of the Cytrone, of Iuniper berryes, of Sage leaues, of Basill, of Rosemarie, of Maioram, of Eyebright, of Fennell, of Bytanie, of Bayeberryes, of Pennye royall, of Gentiane, of Catmynte, of redde Roses, of Spyknard, of Lignum aloe, of Cubebae, of Cinamon, of Cardamomum, of Cala∣mus aromaticus: of Staechas, of mace, and of Olibanum, of each one dram: of drye Fygges, of Reysons, of Dates without the stones, and of Iourdaine Almons, of each one dram and a halfe, of Hony sixe ounces, and of whyte Sugar vnto the wayght of all: let all these be dilygently beaten and laboured togyther, and infused in good Aqua vitae thrise distylled ouer, which after distyl in a glasse bodie, with a softe fyre, in doing besydes (as is afore taught) of the other Elixir vitae.

A most laudable water, containing in it the vertues of a baulme, necessarye and helping many sicknesses, borrowed out of Fuma∣nellus. The water which followeth and yéeldeth the propertyes of a baulme, procureth myrth and gladnesse, cōforteth the braine, and druncke, breaketh and cleanseth the rotten and mattery im∣postumes within the body, putteth away the rednesse & spottes of the eyes, cureth the Fistula, & the Cankar applyed vpon, by drin∣king of it, it healeth the falling sicknesse, the lousenesse of mēbers, or the palsie this cureth by applying and annointing the grieued places, which especially procedeth of a cold cause: the quātity also of a sponefull, drunck with a cuppe full of wyne fasting, doth as it were staye backe olde age, and mayntàyneth health, and putteth awaye the pymples▪ waterye whelkes, and other spottes of the face by annoynting vppon, yea the hyghe rednesse of the Page  [unnumbered] face being deformable, and all other fowle blemishes hapning on the face: it taketh away the payne of the téeth, & the wyndye bea∣ting of the eares, being orderlye applyed▪ the sincke eyther of the swelling in the nosethrelles, or swelling of the gummes, and any maner of swelling of the throate, this breaketh & clenseth: it hel∣peth the Melancholicke, the persons molested with ache of the hyppes, and goute: it cureth the dropsie, and payne of the great gutte procéeding of a cold cause: and annointed about the garland seame, taketh away all maner of payne & ache of the head, com∣ming of a colde cause: and slayeth wormes in the body, by taking vnto the quantytie of halfe a dram at a time, and in the same ma∣ner doth it auayle against poyson. Many thinges else he promy∣sed, which are by him thus written: the making of which is on this wyse: take of Masticke, of Cloues, of Nutmegs, of the lesser Cardamomum, of Cubebae, of long Pepper, of Cynamon, of Ga∣lingale, of Ginger, of Lignum aloe, of the great Cardamomum, of each halfe an ounce, of Spiknard thrée drams, of Mace one dram, of Caphura one dram & a half, of the Iundiane nutte, halfe a drā: of a pleasaunt and cleare whyte wyne, so much as shall suffice to infuse throughly the whole, which after the dilygent, beating and myxing togyther, distyll with soft & flowe fyre according to art.

The spyces seruing for the distylled Malmesie, in the place to be vsed of potable Gold: take of the best Malmesie sixe measures, which put in a glasse bodie, distyll with a slowe or soft fyre in sifted ashes, seuen tymes ouer, but after the opinion of the best distyllers, thrée tymes ouer wyll be sufficient to be druncke; as affyrmeth Fumanellus. Into the Aqua vitae thus well rectifyed, infuse these matters following: take of Spermaceti, of chosen Ambre, and of the best Ruberbe, of each two drams, of very fine & well chosen Muske one dram, or more: these after the distyllyng and running through a fyne ypocrase bagge, made of pure Hob lande, and whyte washed, put vp the lycour into a glasse with a narrowe mouth, which close stoppe that no ayre breathe forth, for this after the setling, wyl become & appeare of a golden color. You maye put in a lyttle of the inner part of the Cynamon, in the running through, which wyll cause the water to taste the plea∣saunter. The vertues of this water are these; it fyrst cureth and expelleth poysons. And to preserue the bodye fro•• hauing the Page  99 plague or pestilence, let the person take a droppe of it fasting in the morning, with a lyttle toste of whyte bread, not to drye tosted: but purge the body before with some easie purgation, and bée let blood. And the person infected, gyue to the quantitye of a great hasyll nutte shell full of it, with a toste of whyte bread, which (by the receyuing) delyuereth the pacient. But I (sayth the Aucthour) alwayes dyd gyue of it with preseruatyue medicynes, and myxed it besides with Cordiall medycines and Electuaries, for the better digesting and comforting of weake persons. And in this distylla∣cion (sayth the Aucthour) I found, and practised many good helpes. This borrowed out of a written worke.

A syngular compound water of spyces, hauing great vertue, in that the same helpeth all colde grieffes of the stomacke: borrowed out of the secrete conclusions of Leonar, Fiorauantus, the famous Gretian▪ This water of Lyfe (sayth he) is only aromatizated with the Leuaunt spyces, which is glorious and woonderful in his wor∣king, as y reason and practyse shall playner appeare, which is made and distylled on this wyse: Take of Nutmegs, of Cloues, of Galingale, of Cardamomum, of Cubebae, of Mace, of Cynamon, of Gynger, of Saffron, of Frankensence or rather Olibanum, of each one ounce, these myxed and grossely beaten togyther, and hauing a glasse body well luted, put in your spices, powring vpon sixe pynts of the best Aqua vitae distylled thryse, or at the least twyse ouer, which let so stand for sixe dayes: after the closing of the Receauer, to the nose of the head, distyl the whole in fine sifted ashes, the wa∣ter being come forth wyl be of a red colour, which is more precious than any other water: the same helpeth all grieffes or sicknesses procéeding of a colde cause, and clenseth any maner of wounde or sore. This also healeth all cuttes and woundes, without causing any payne to the pacient, it procureth a readye memorye, it hea∣leth the cough of a colde cause, it maketh or disposeth the person to myrth, and worketh many other great matters besydes, which were ouer long & tedious to vtter them one by one: therefore doth the Aucthour here ouerpasse them, wyshing all men to practise and learne further proofes of the vertues of this precious water.

The making of a myraculous and diuyne lycour, which causeth rare and woonderfull workes, in that the same raysed in a maner Page  [unnumbered] the dead vnto lyfe, by giuing a droppe or two into the mouth, with eyther syrupe, wyne, or broth, or any other lycour: The making

[illustration]
of which is on this wise, take healthful blood of a yong mā drawn bi vaine, the sperme of a whale, & the marow of a Bull, of eache one pound, of Muske one ounce, of the ashes of ye bones of Oliues burned two ounces, of fine Aqua vitae two pynts, these after ye dyligent mixing togither, distyl according to art in a Retorte, vntyl the whole liquide substance be¦come forth: this thē come forth distil againe in Balneo Mariae thrise ouer, leuing ye Feces at the end: this keepe in a glasse closse stopped▪
[illustration]
with the which you maye doe rare miracles, both within, & without the bo∣dy applyed.

Of the metalline water, and strong waters. The .lxxxix. Chapter.

A Water of Quicksyl∣uer sublymed, preuai∣ling against ye Canker, in eradycating or drawing it vp by the rootes, & soone slayeth or kylleth ye same, yf it be applyed vpon, so that you shall néede no long cure in the doing of it, but euen the same dy∣lygence & tyme as is re∣quired in an vlcer, to be∣stowe in it: the making Page  100 of which water, is on this wyse. Let a quantitye of Tynne bée molten, and when the same begynneth to coole and waxe thick, cast then into it so much of quicksyluer as the wayght of the Tynne, which incorporate or worke togyther, that the whole may be as a paste, and that the paste must be layd on a smoothe & euen stone, & fynely grynded on the stone: after, it shal be thus handled, adde to it of Mercurie, or quicksiluer sublymed, so much as is the paste, which againe grynde and worke on the stone, & remayning thus on the stone, wyll shortlie become liquide as water, the same distyll in a strong luted bodie with a head: the water which com∣meth, kéepe dyligentlie in a strong glasse, to your vse.

Against all maner of scabbes, tetters, fowle scurfe, ringwoorms, and the fowle Morphew, &c. A distylled lycour out of Theophra∣stus, on this wyse: Take Helycampane one ounce, of Barrowes grease purifyed halfe a pounde, of quicksyluer halfe an ounce, of Brymstone two drams, distyll the whole in a Retorte, but if you wyll in a Lymbecke, as the Aucthour wylleth, which drawne, an∣noynt the places therewith.

An Alome water seruing vnto all woundes, being a secrete, of a certayne noble man: take of Egrimon, of Nightshade, & of plan∣taine, of eache halfe a pound, of white wyne fowre ounces, of rawe Alome fowre ounces, of Masticke two drams, of Orpyment halfe a scruple, of the whytes of egges sixe in number, these after the well beating and labouring togyther, distyl in a Retorte according to arte: with this water, let the wound be washed twyse a day.

Another, named an Alome water, which marueylouslye and soone healeth, all corrosyue vlcers, happening eyther in the mouth, or in any other partes or places of the bodye. Take of Alome, of the iuyce of Purcelane, of the iuyce of Plantayne, of the iuyce of gréene Grapes, of the whytes of egges, of eache a lyke quantity, which after the well myxing togyther, distyll according to the or∣der and maner of the Cynamon water.

Another Alome water, borrowed out of the booke of Fulgonus: Take of the whytes of egges to the number of fyfteene, of roche A∣lome, of the iuyces of Purcelayne, of Plantayne, & of Nightshade, of Rosewater of the iuyce of sowre docke or sowre Grapes, of each two pyntes: these dyligently laboured & mixed togither, distyll in a Page  [unnumbered] Lymbecke, with which washe the grieued places: for it spéedilye bringeth olde vlcers and sores vnto a scarre.

A syngular practyse, which a cunning Surgion vttered to the Aucthour, that he often vsed, against the eating Cankers, hapning in the ouer partes of the body. This Surgeon heated a new tyle stone, which he after quenced in Alome water sundry tymes: but he oftner vsed to hang vp the tyle redde hote, and to poure leasure∣lye after a sprinckling maner Alome water vppon it, vntyll the tyle was colde, which water so stylling downe, he gathered or re∣ceyued in a bason, or dyshe, and dypping lynnen cloathes in the water, he applyed them on the vlcers and sores: and thus (as hée affyrmed) dyd he marueylous soone heale those wicked Cankers, to the admyration of many: This Fumanellus.

A most syngular water, helping the spottes of the eyes: Take of whyte Hony two pyntes, of Antymonie, of Titia prepared, and of Sugarcandie, of each thrée drams, of the best Aloes halfe a dram, of Celondine, of Rue, and eye bright, of each halfe a handfull, these grosse beaten and myxed togyther, distyll in a Lymbecke.

A water of Tutia prepared: take of the eye bryght water, of Fennell water, of the Hony suckle water, of eache halfe a pynt, of Rosewater two pyntes, of Tutia prepared two drams, of Aloes halfe an ounce, of whyte Coperase halfe a dram, of Camphora one dram, all these laboured and dilygently myxed togither, distyll ac∣cording to arte: For this is a notable water, experienced sundrys tymes, against the spottes of the eyes: this borrowed out of the learned practises of Arnoldus.

A water of Marchasite, which consumeth & clenseth the web and other spots of the eyes, & the pyn or web confirmed this softneth. The making of which water is on this wyse: take sundry pieces of Marchasite, which redde hote, quenche in a bason or déepe dythe fylled with olde sallet Oyle, the pieces through quenched & colde, breake verye small, which after distyll in a Lymbecke, the Feces remayning, grynde fynelie agayne, distylling that ouer agayne.

A water helping the Leprie, and other disseases. This water pre∣uayling against the Leprie, and al maner foulnesse & deformyty of the body, cleansing the eyes, mayntayning or preseruing youth, & effectuous in many other causes, as by practise may further be cō∣iectured: Page  101 the making of which distylled lycour is on this wise: take of the fylinges or small pieces of syluer, of copper, of yron, of leade, of stéele, of the owre of golde, of copper, of syluer, of sorre, of all a lyke wayght, these stiepe for a daye and a nyght in the bryne of a chyld not polluted, the next daye infuse those in hote whyte wyne, the thyrd day these stiepe in the iuyce of Fennell, the fowrth daye stiepe these in the mylke of a woman, gyuing sucke to a man child▪ which she bore into the worlde, the fyft day infused in redde wine, and the sixt day these infused in seuen times so much (as the whole is) of the whytes of egges, which after the distylling kéepe to your vse.

A water auayling against the Lepry, take of May dewflue mea∣sures, of Brimstone one pound, of Christal halfe a pound, of Cam∣phora one ounce, these diligently beaten & myxed togyther, let so stand a tyme, after boyle the whole easily or lightly, which setled agayne, distyll according to arte, to this water adde pearles. This orderlye mynistred purgeth choller adust, and melancholic.

Lyme not quenched or staked, ioyned with the whites of egges, & grinded on a marble stone, distyl on such wise, that the same which is the grosser may descend, and for a day and a nyght kéepe this in a moyst place, which distyll agayne: with this whyten the face ac∣cording to discretion.

Another whytning water, take Lyme vnslaked, & incorporate the same with ye water of the whytes of egges distylled by a Lym∣becke: which worke so thicke, as a sauce, after powre this into a Glasse body, setting it couered in a moyst place, for a daye and a nyght, after distyll the whole according to arte, which dystilled kéepe in a glasse with a narrow mouth.

A water whitning the face, take of ye whytes of egges, of Boraci, petrosi, of salt, of roch Alome, of each one dram: each beaten alone, myxe to the whytes of egges, the whole distyll, and vse.

A great vse there is at this daye of the strong water, and often occupyed of the Chymistes, and Goldsmythes, yea in Phisicke ex∣ercised vnto sundrie disseases. For that well practised Phisition Amatus Lusitanus▪ prosperously exercised and ministred the same, in the great and wicked vlcer of the iawes. And certaine at the be∣gynning of the webbe, cured it, by dropping of this water into the Page  [unnumbered] eyes. A certayne Chyrurgian on a tyme, applyed of this water into the hollowe toothe of a Woman, which caused the Woman to rag lyke almadde bodye; ntyll th•• a lyttle of Opium was applyed to the toothe, by the aduise of a skilfull Phisition, through which shee speedily after amended. But this marueylously cureth vlcers, Fistulaes, Cankers, and knobbes, or knottes, whyles they yet bée not entred within the bones, and hollowe: by wetting them onelye with a Feather or Lynnen cloath dypped in the water, with which the Golde is seperated from the Syl∣uere▪ The auncient in tymes paste, that they myght part or seperate the Golde from Syluer, vsed the dystylled Lycour of Shoemakers yncke or bléeche: as they also in Asia doe at this daye, which with it doe seperate Golde from Syluer. But our later practysioners, that they might make the water stronger, and vehementer, added to it Salt peter. Bellonius vttering, and wryting of those medycines or compoundes, preseruing dead bodyes: affyrmeth that if yron or any other mettallyne matter, bee put into the strong water, that it forthwith boyleth, and ryseth vp to faste, that if it hath not vente to breathe out, it then breaketh the vessel or doubble Glasse. But yf you throwe Golde into it, then doth it not lyke boyle vp, but dyssolue the same into the fourme of Sande, and all the other mettalles in the fourme of a lycour. When Syluer shall be dyssolued in this water, then put into it Copper plates, and the Syluer wyll cleane to it, which after stryke of with a brushe: and in the ende, this in the melting wyll ioyne.

A strong water is thus made: take of Vitryoll, and of Salt peter, a lyke quantitye, of these drawe a water by distyllacion, into which if you put parsyll or doubble gylt ruppes or pottes, the Syluer shortlye after wyll bée dyssolued, but the Golde remay∣neth vndyssolued, or as I may saye whole, which after strayne, and if you wyll stryke or wype of the Golde, then adde vnto the abouesayd water, of the Salt, &c. * after drye eache, and prepare orderlye.

Another strong water: take of strong water, of common salt, and a lyttle of Salt Ammoniacum, these dystill togyther, or if the strong water shall be distylled before, and the others after Page  102 distylled with it: this then is named the regall water, or water of a kyng, which seperateth Golde. But the common Aqua fortis or strong water, doth only seperate Syluer: so that it doth both leaue the Gold, and maketh it apparaunt.

A causticke water in the Fistula, without payne: nd auayleth also against kernelles, swellinges, and knobbes, yea, it taketh a∣waye all maner of excessiue or superfluous increasing of the fleshe in mans bodie without payne. The making of which is on this wyse: take of the best oyle of Tyle stands, of chosen Masticke, of gumme Arabicke, and of Turpentyne; of eache thrée ounces, such as are to be beaten, beate dilygentlye, the whole then myxe togy∣ther, which distyll by a Lymbecke: this after myxe and incorpo∣rate with halfe a pound of the ashes of the trée Cerrus: which distyl agayne by a Lymbecke, and that distylled or come forth, kéepe in a Glasse well stopped.

A marueylous water in the Fistula, with which golden letters may be written in yron: take a Rammes horne cleane rasped and cleansed without, which cutte into small or fyne pieces, puttyng it after into a Lymbecked of glasse to be subtylly distylled: this water then come forth, worketh so on hote yron, that it gyldeth it, and marueylously auayleth in Fistulae: This Bertapalia.

A water corroding and eating away in the stéede of a cauterice, in so much that it eateth into yron: take of alt water two oun∣ces, of Romaine Vitryoll one pounde, of Vermylion (or * of the redde sanguinarie stone) fowre ounces, grynde each a part: which after the myxing togyther dystyll by a Lymbecke, the water kéepe in a Glasse: this Bertapalia.

A ruptory, which serueth to part and cutte away any swellyng, or mattery impostume without yron: take of Romaine Vitryoll rubysed or made redde, sixe ounces, or Salt and nyter, of each two ounces, of gaules, of salt Ammoniacū, of ech eyght ounces, of Vi∣tryol not rubifyed two ounces, all these after the powthering, and distylled in a Lymbecke, keep warely in a glasse. The vse of this lycour is, that if an Olyue twygge, or other piece of wood edged lyke to a knyfe, be dypped and well wette in this water, that the same cutteth awaye the swelling: and wartes maye in lyke ma∣ner, bée taken away with it. This borrowed out of Fumanellus.

Page  [unnumbered]A water agaynst long continuing vlcers, yea howe peryllous or wycked so euer they bée, and the Fistula, a medycine learned of a certayne religious person (of which in another place we haue mencioned) taught to mée many yeares agoe, and by sundry prac∣tises tryed the same, that it cleanseth all rottennesse, and bringeth to healing, yea and healeth them in a short tyme: which is prepa∣red and made after this maner take of Chalcitis or of the Romain Vitryoll one pounde, of Salt nyter so much, of water so much as shal suffice these boyle togither with a lyttle of quicksiluer. Take of this water cleared, two pyntes, of quicksiluer one pounde, the whole myxed together distyll in a Lymbecke, and the distyllacion ended, breake then the Glasse body, and the substaunce within it (which he as Feces or groune) grinde fynely on a marble stone, which distyll togyther agayne with the abouesayd water, thrée or fowre tymes ouer: For the vlcers being olde, doth the powder re∣mayning heale; by applying vpon them withall the water: This Fumanellus▪

Another water taking away, and healing Fistulaes, & knobbes or kottes: Take of the oyle of Tyle stones fyue pyntes, of vn∣quenched Lyme ew made, thrée ounces, of pure Arsenicke, two ounces, of Euphorbium one ounce, all these distyll in a Lymbecke according to arte: This Fumaellus.

Another mightyer water, inputting away Fistulaes, knobbes and wartes: Take of the oyle of Tyle stones halfe a pynt, of vn∣slaked Lyme fowre ounces, of pure Ammoniacum so much, of Euphorbium halfe an ounce, all these myxed with the oyle, distyll after arte in a Lymbecke: and the distylled lycour▪ kéepe to your vse: This Fumanellus.

An Oyle for the cleansing of the Morphew: take of whyte Tartare, and of Salt nyter, of eache a lyke, these grynde finely on a smothe stone, after make a hole in the myddle of the pow∣der, in which laye a burning coale, and the oyle which runneth from the stone, dilygently kéepe, with the same annoynt the Mor∣phew places, and they shall speedily be cleansed and healed.

A strong water of an empericke Frenchmans inuencion: take of Salt nyter, and of Vitryoll; of eache two poundes, of burnt A∣lome eyght ounces, all these most fynelie grynded, put after into a Page  103

[illustration]
glasse body wel lu∣ted, in this maner, as here this figure demōnstrateth: vn∣der which maitayn a fire for ten houres space, alwayes in∣creasing it.

A strong water, take of Orpymēte, of Floris aeris, of ech two ounces, of Ro∣maine vitryoll one pound and a halfe, of Salt nyter two poundes, of Alome thrée poundes, all these dyligently brought to powder, distyll according to art.

A strong water maruaylous, in the curing of an old Fistula, and that déepe entered within the bone: borrowed out of a most auncient wrytten booke. Take of Salt Ammoniaci, of vitrioll, of the redde and cytrine Orpymente, of gréene copperase, of each two drams, eyther more, or lesse, according to the discrecion of the workeman, all these brought to powder, distyll in a glasse bodye well luted, making a gentle fyre at the fyrst, and increasing it so long vntyll the glasse body become redde: that distylled, keepe in a glasse closse stopped, in that otherwyse it would breath out and consume away. This water is of such a force and vertue, that it pearceth the bones, and for that cause one small droppe let fall in the hollow of the Fistula: doth forthwith canterizate the same, euen lyke to fyre. After let the burning be taken or gotten away with the whyte of an egge, or freshe butter: and a warie applica∣tion then vsed, for the increasing of fleshe.

Another strong water, take of Salt peter, and of the Romaine Vitryoll, of eache two poundes, of Alome calcyned halfe a pound, all these brought to powder, distyll in a Cucurbite, but I rather thinke a Retorte the better. This water whytneth the téeth that Page  [unnumbered] be blacke, if so be you applye a droppe of it on the téeth, with a Goose feather, and washe them after with spring or Conduite water.

A kynde of strong water, auayling against wormes, wartes, and knobbes, or lytle swellinges: take of Salt Ammoniacum, of Romayne vitryoll, and of each two ounces, of Sugar Alome, and of vnslaked Lyme, of eache halfe an ounce, all these dilygentlye myxed, distyll after arte.

Another water maruaylous, in the Fistulaes, and in the dys∣soluing of pearles, and the Gold in leaues. Take of Salt Ammo∣niacum halfe a pounde, of Salt niter three ounces, of Tartare two ounces, of cōmon salt halfe an ounce, all these finely brought to powder, and distylled by a Lymbecke, keepe in a glasse close stopped.

A water which dyeth or coloureth Horses, Dogges, cloathes, and Feathers, of a greene colour: take of Salt nyter one pound, and of Smerilij halfe a pounde, these fynelie brought to powder, distyll by a Lymbecke: the water kéepe in a glasse, closse stop∣ped.

For the taking away of a Canker, a secrete of Master Fran∣ces: take the distyllacion by a Lymbecke of the quicksyluer, of the syluer sublymed, of Romaine vitryoll, of each a lyke, this or∣derlye vse.

A strong water helping a knob called Morum, (Bertapalia) in the sixtene Chapter of impostumes: take of Romaine vitryoll, of roche Alome, of salt Ammoniacū, of Salt gemme, of each fowre, thrée, two, and one, these are the wayghtes according to order, which dilygently brought to powder, distyll in a glasse body fen∣sed with the lute of wisedome, and Ore doong, and strawe myxed, This water is maruaylous, for by touching the rounde knobbe Morum with it, both shortlye destroy it, yea any other knobbe of fleshe growen on the skinne: and this is named the strong wa∣ter, with which the Golosmythes doe seperate, the syluer from the Gold.

A strong water auayling in Fistulaes, and is besydes of great vertue and power in vlcers. Take of Salt nyter, of Romaine vitryoll, of roche Alome, of eache one pounde, eache fynely grin∣ded Page  104 alone, and incorporated togyther, put into a Lymbecke, ma∣king at the fyrst a soft fyre: the fyrst water that comes, kéepe by it selfe, dystylling forewarde with the increasing of heate, vn∣tyll the glasse bodye wareth redde, then take awaye that second water, and receaue the other by it selfe, for the fyrst water is nothing woorth: and increase then the fyre myghtyer, vntyll the Glasse bodye and headde become redder, forsing then the Ashes which are in the vessell to ascende vnto the necke of the Glasse, and increase your heate of fyre, stronger and stronger, vntyll the headde be redde, and that the redde fume ascending shall ceasse, which shall well or euidentlye appeare in the Glasse, the same thus come, seale dilygentlye with waxe, and kéepe the abouesayde water. The Furnace through colde, and the bo∣dye opened, you shall fynde in the bottome of it a redde masse or lumpe, which kéepe. The sayde water, is stronger then the water of the worlde, and hath maruaylous workinges in it. For this water dyssolueth, corrodeth the fleshe, and reduceth or chaungeth all thinges of the worlde, into a pow∣der and water: as the stones, and mettalles. If this bée hea∣ted, it then gyueth vp a verye redde, and myghtie fume. This water, if it toucheth by it selfe, eyther the fleshe, or a garment, it dyeth or coloureth the same yellowe to Saffron, which spotte wyll neuer bée gotten out: for the colour or stayne on the fleshe contynueth many dayes, and if you washe the stayne with Lye, it becommeth verye redde of colour. Further if you shall put a lyttle piece of good Luna, that is of syl∣uer, into this water, it dyeth then the same of a blacke colour, which after cannot be gotten out or clensed away. And if you shal put a lytle of Mercurie, which is quicksyluer, into it▪ that it bée molten, it is then caused mightyer then the fyre. For if it then toucheth the fleshe, it doth cauterizate or burne, euen lyk to an yron fyre hote, and is not fealt: and is ryght notable for canterises, or to make cauterizations: it also mortifyeth all Fistulaes, Cankers, Carbuneles, wicked, and venemous hu∣mours. If yron also bée put into the sayde water, it forthwith heateth & boyleth without fyre▪ and if you put into it yron, it cau∣seth a redde water, by the intermedling & dissoluing of the yron. Page  [unnumbered] And if you shall drawe or distyll the water by a bodye of glasse fensed, the yron then wyll remayne in the bottome of the vessel, and wyll be a verye redde powder, which properlie is named, Marses, Saffron. If also in the above sayd water you shall put Venus, that is to say Copper, it lyke boyleth, and of the same is made a greene water. And if you wyll draw that water forth by a Lymbecke, then wyll a most blacke powder of Venus, remaine in the bottome of the vessell, which properlye is named Venus Lyme. Note that if you shall put Saturne that is Leade, in the sayde water, it causeth the water cleare, & if you shall draw that water forth by Limbeck, there wyl remaine a whyte Salt in the bottome, & that bytter. Also if you shall put Iupiter, that is tynne into it, it wyll then cause of it a paste lyke to butter: and if you shall drye the same (as aboue taught) the powder then wyll be whyte in the bottome. And if you shall put Mercurie, that is quicksyluer, into it, it maketh then a cleare water of the same: and if you shall let the water of Mercurie to settle, it wyll then fall to the bottome lyke to yse: and if you wyl drye the same, then remayneth a whyte salt in the bottome, and strong as the styffest waxe. And if you wyll recouer your Syluer, when it is in the water, put then in the same water crude Mercurie, and the good Syluer wyll incontinent enter within the Mercurie, af∣ter emptye the water, and take the myxion, which put in∣to a Goates skynne, wryng the substaunce verye harde, and the Mercurie or quicksyluer wyll then issue forth: the substaunce which shal remayne in the skinne, put into a Crucible to be mol∣ten, and you shall then finde the good syluer. Also if you shall put Golde in the same water, it causeth the water yelowe of it, and if you shall drye the same, then is a golden salt caused bytter as the earth, that auayleth in the drying of Fistulaes. If also you shall dyssolue one part of good Luna or syluer in the sayde water, and so muche of Mercurie or quicksyluer, and so much of the whyte sublymed Syluer, and a fowrth part of one of these, of Tutia A∣lexandrina, and shall drawe this water by a Lymbecke, all these then shall remayne in the bottome of the glasse, vnto the fourme of a stone: of which stone put one part, vpon fowre parts of Cop∣per molten, and it shall soone after become so whyte, as the syluer Page  105〈…〉 if you hall ione good Syluer, then maye fayre ornamentes be made of the same.* Also if you 〈…〉 cause lttle vesselle or small rynges or any othr thinges be made of halfe Golde, and halfe Syluer, and that after you shall take the redde substaunce, which remayned in the 〈…〉 the vessell of the 〈…〉 and wyll bring it into fine powder, you shall then doe or worked 〈…〉.

nother water peuayling 〈…〉, and the taking a••ye of thicke skynes, and harde fleshe gathe∣red: take of Cuperosa, that is Romayne vitryoll, of Salt nyter, of 〈…〉 made of each a lyke quan••tie these after te dily••nt 〈…〉ndnyring tgither, distyl y a Lymbeck according to arte. The fyrst water yssuing or comming forth i whyte, tht 〈…〉 pymples ad 〈◊〉, but 〈◊〉 clean∣sing thicke, and harde nottie fleshe: the other water is redde, which clenseth both knobbes and wartes, and healeth all those, which I have aboue vttered.

Or thus, take of vnsl••ed Lyme newe made, thre ounces, of 〈…〉Euphorbim〈◊〉 ounce; 〈◊〉 these bea∣ten a parte myxe dyligently with hth halfe a pone of oyle of Tyle stones, which after distyll according to arte: that distylled and come, kéepe in a glasse, both for thicke gatheringes, and knobbes of fleshe.

Another water, take of Salt nyter thrée ounces, of Romayne vitryoll one pounde, of Vermylion fowre ounces, all these gryn∣ded togyther, distyll artlye by a Lymbecke: and the water come, kéepe for the gylding of Marse, that is to say yron.

Another water, take of Salt nyter, of Romayne vitryoll, of Salt Ammoniacum, of Viridis aeris, of Orpimente, of newe vn∣slaked Lyme, of Alome, of salt Alkali, all these after the dilygent labouring ad mying togyther, distyll artlye, in which stiepe Marse, or let the same lye infused in it for a tyine, and it wyll cor∣rode and eate in marueylouslye.

A water dyssoluing the Sonne or Golde, take of Salt peter, of Vitryoll, of Gypsum, of Alumiu iameni, of each twelue ounces, of Vermylion two onces, of the water of Salt * thrée ounces: these after the eating, distyll in a Lymbecke: and the first water Page  [unnumbered] come, wyll be swéet▪ the seconde and l••t that co••eth, i redde▪ and good.

To seperate golde from any mettall: take of oyle of Tartare two partes, of Brymston one parte, after the distylling, annoin the metall, or yron, which made redde hote, quenche them in cold water, and the Gold wyll after fall of in the ourme of Sande, to the bottome of the vessell.

A strong water seperating the Sunne, that is to saye Golde, from the Moone, that is to say syluer, take of salt one part, of vi∣tryoll one part, of Salt nyter halfe a part, of Viridis Graeci the fowrth part of one part: the whole stiepe with the strongest vineger, to the fourme of paste, and dryed, then sublyme the water.

Another working btter, which seperateth the M••ne, that 〈◊〉 syluer, vnto one part, and the Sunne, that is Gold, vnto another, after the maner of a masse or lumpe: take of Tyles one dramme wayght, of common salt burnt halfe a dram, of Aeris vsti, of Vi∣ridis aeris, of each halfe a dram, all these brought to powder and myxed togither, put after the matter which you wyll seperate in∣to this pouder, being then in a glased earthen panne, which cuer with another panne, & when the masse is dyssolued, the one then wyll be seperated from the other.

A water and oyle of salt Ammoniaci: take of sixe or ten harde Egges sodden, which opened in the heads, and the yolkes taken forth, fyll those emptie places of the Egges, with the salt Ammo∣niaci in fine powder: after let thse be set into a vessell fylled with sande, that is moystned or wette with water, and the next mor∣rowe you shall finde a water within the shell, which powre forth the next morrowe after, empty againe the water in lyke maner, and so often doe, vntyll the whole be resolved. But if you mind to draw and haue an oyle of the same, then seperate the water by a Lymbecke, and the oyle wyll remayne, which keepe in a glasse. The speciall vse of it is and serveth vnto the fyxing, and vnto many other Alchymicall workes, Marcell.

A water mollyfying or softning all mettalies, Glasse, Stéele, and Yron, and the Amber stone: take of salt Ammoniaci, of the Salt nyter with Tartare, of each a like quantity, which boyle (in Page  106 same lycour) with a small ye: and the same softneth any mettall powred into it.

Salt nyter and Tartare, equallye or of a lyke quantitye ta∣ken, doe soften metalles, after the opynion of some praysio∣ners.

A strong water: take of Salt nyter of Salt Armoniacke, of eache a lyke quantytie mak of these a water for the Sunne, that is Golde. And if you wyll seperate Golde and Syluer in the water, take of Salt nyter one pounde, of burnt Alome two pounde, these distyll by a Lymbeck, into the water put so thinne plates heaten as a leafe▪ standing or set on the fyre, whih then wyll boyle, and when the saui seacth boyling, take it frm the fyre, and the water coled shake well togyther, and it wyll be troubled, powre then the water, lyghtlie or subtyllye, forth into another Glasse, and you shall see blacke Golde to settle or rest in the bottome, then take a lyttle Spryng or Cnduite water, pow∣ring that vppon the Sun•• or Gold, and washe it dyligentlye, and the water after ••wre, as vnto the first water, the Sunne or Golde then put into a Cruible, which through dryed on the coales, adde after to it of Salt nyter a lyttle quantitye, melting the Sunne with it, and then cast it into fourme. And when you wyll haue the Moone, take the water powred forth, and distyll the ame by a Lynmbecke, and the Moone shall abyde in the glasse, which then powre or put forth, as is aboue taught of the Golde: the Moone then washed with the first water, maye be powred vpon the Feces: that if more of the Moone in blacke powder hap∣pen, that the same also be then dyssolued, and powre it after forth agayne, on which powre Spryng or Conduyte water, washing it as aboue taught. The Mon in the rude dryed, put into a Crucible, filled▪ with halfe so much of Nyter, as the same is: and making a small hole aboue or on the toppe of it, blow the fyre, and you shall haue the Moone purifyed.

A water of the Philosophers, borrowed out of a written leafe of Paper, in the Frenche tongue: take of imaine vitryoll one ounde, at Salt nyter halfe a pound of Uermillio three ounces, ••ese fyuelie beaten to powder, and myxed together, •••tyll in a Page  [unnumbered] Lymbecke, which after must be set in a new earthen potte. The same fyll so bighe with syfted ashes, as they maye well receyue and ryse somewhat aboue the substance contayned in the Glasse bodye, standing in the earthen potte. Which so ordered, make then in the beginning a cleare and softe fyre, and after the first water is ome, kéepe that a part which is knowne to be then full come, when as the necke of the Lymbecke aboue shall appeare yelowe: and following or mayntayning the fyre, get the seconde water in another Receauer: so that each ought to be kept a part. The vertues of this water are many: with this water are cups, helmets, Armour, sword, kniues, & such like things gylded: yea, wry••ing lfters, paynting leaues, or ther ornamentes, in orde∣ring it after this maner: as that first or before, the mater or thing to be gylded, be stricken ouer with vernishe, and the same after dryed at the fyre: on which well dryed, write what you wyl, with a styffe pricke of a harde wood sharpened for the purpose: after wette ll hat pl•••〈◊〉 or written with the sayde water, which let to rest a lyttle space, then holding or setting these to a soft fyre, an after a whyles to a stronger fyre: being then well heated or sufficient hote, let them be rubbed ouer with a roughe Lynnen cloath, and wyped or clensed from the vernishe. And if you wyll whyten or make whyte latten metall, let it boyle in this water, and i wyll after appere syluer yke. If you wyll c••e the wats, the 〈◊〉, the pymples, or 〈…〉 defor∣mable in any person or take away the super••uous ••esh growing in any place or part of the body: let the place be fyrst opened with a needle, and power in a lytle of the aboue sayde water, which in∣ontinent wyll take the same away. But if you would helpe and cure Fistulaes, and impostumes, then with a tent applye the water to them▪ for it wyll and doth breake the Fistulaes, and e∣radicateth by taketh them awaye by the rootes within two date; and doth lyke take awaye euyll fleshe growne, and restoreth the good. And if you would open impostumes wi••out an yron in∣strument, then take whyte ware, making of it a playster, with a hole bored with them y••lē, whih apply on the grieue plate, after po••e, a ytl of the water into that hole, which 〈◊〉 after openeth the impostumes. This water softneth Corralles: if you put Page  107 them into one, or both of these waters myxed togyther: which af∣ter the softning and taking forth, you maye worke and frame to what forme you wyll, for after a tyme they returne, vnto theyr proper nature and hardnesse. This water druncke of any beast, slayeth or kylleth him. The wind, to which this water is ad∣myred, forthwith is corrupted: but when you wyll recouer the wyne, then put into it Rosemarye. And it hath also other pro∣perties, not here to be vttered, for the lewdnesse sake of the craf∣tye, wicked, and detestable persons: which may abuse this wa∣ter, vnto menni destruction.

A water named Royall, for the syngular properties which it hath vnto many grie••epunc; the making of which is on this wyse, take of yellowe Brimstone, of roche Alonie, and of Salt gemue, of eache two poundes, of Borrace, and of a••icke, of eache two ounces, these dilygentlye beaten in a morter, and myxe after in a glasse bodie fenced, with a head and Receauer ••tly〈◊〉, dy∣styll according to syll, making a most trong or myghtye fyre toward the ende, & continuing the same vntyll all the moyture be drawne and come: the water which distylleth and is gathe∣red in the Receauer, is whyte & troubled, which strayne through a fyne cloath, the same kéepe in a glasse with a narrowe mouth, putting to it fowre graines of Musk dyssolued in halfe an ounce of Rose water: and after the setlyng, wyll this water be cleare, and very swéete. The approoued vertues of this water are ma∣ny, as the Aucthour affyrmeth: of which, some he doth here vtter that he hath many tymes experienced. And the fyrst is, that this royall water taketh away the payne of any wound, if the wound all about be bathed with it. The seconde propertye and vertue of this water is, that all maner of vlcers, fores, and griefes that maye happen within the mouth, and the gummes much putry∣fied, and to the ache, by holding a litle of this water in the mouth, by the space of a Crade and spytting it after forth, doth maruey∣louslye and spdily heale any of the aboue sayd. The thyrde pro∣pertye and vertue of this water is, that rubbing the teeth with a yne lynnen cloath wette in this water, doth make them verye whyte, a matter delectable to many men & women. The fowrth, by giuing halfe a scruple of this water by the mouth with broath, Page  [unnumbered] to the person in the fyt of an Agu, doth marueylously delyuer it, and that for certaine. This borrowed out of the singular practi∣ses, of the Greeke Fiorauant.

A precious water for the eyes, of Vitryoll: take a quantitye of Vitryoll, drawing a water of it in a Cucurbite by distyllacion, in Sande: but this Vitryoll needeth not, nor ought to be calcyned. Another, seruing to the same purpose. Take a new layde egge, which after the seething harde, plucke of the shell, and cutte the same into iuste halues in the myddle. The yolke taken out, put in the place the quantitye of a Pease, of whyte Vitryoll in powder, and it wyl be turned into a water, after let the▪ whole be wrynged through a linnen cloath into a glasse, & the water kept, for it is singular for the eyes.

A marueylous water, taking away the spottes vndoubtedly of the eyes, and clearyng the syght: aboue all, it preserueth and maintayneth youth, and taketh awaye any spotte of the face: but in the highe redde clour, and Leprie, it doth not so much a∣uayle, or not throughlye cure them. The making of which is on this wyse, take of the sylinges of Syluer, of Tynne, of Cop∣per, of Stele, of Leade, of the Golde and Syluer ower, of each so muche as the abillitie of the person maye extende: Infuse these fo the fyrst daye and nyght, in the vryne of a sound chylde: the nexte daye, in warme whyte wyne: the thyrd daye, in the iuyce of Fennell, Veruayne, or Celondyne: the fowrth daye, in the whytes of Egges: the fyfte daye, in the mylke of a woman gyuing sucke to a man chylde: the syxt daye in redde wyne: the seuenth daye, in the whytes of seuen egges: and the whole togyther put into a tynne Lymbecke or Rose styll, to bée distylled with a softe fyre, and that which com∣meth, kéepe dilygently in a Glasse with a narrowe mouth, close stopped.

Of this water let fall two or thrée droppes at a tyme into the eyes, both morning and euening, washing the eyes before with Spring water, &c. This borrowed out of the learned worke of Arnolde De villa noua.

Page  108

[illustration]

A water of mettals experienced; that helpeth any Leprie, fowle scabbes, the Fistula, the Morphew, the 〈◊〉 sootte, Ttter, and Canker, & auayleth, vnto the comforting 〈◊〉 at the mmbers of the ody, & pallyueth any contagiou sore or griefe, and kylleth any griefe continually running. Take of the fylings of yron, of steele, of Gold, of Syluer, of Copper, of Tynne, and of Leade, of eache a lyke wayght, of Myrre & Aloes, so much as of all or of the whole all these grynde an myxe togyther, which after put into a gla∣sen or▪ Alchymicall potte, with a headde of Glasse set vppon it, and artlye luted: the same set in a Furnace ouer the fyre, and gather the water, which distylleth by a Lymbecke, in a Re∣ceauer standing vnder, which keepe to your vse, for it maruey∣louslye auayleth in all the grieffes aboue vttered: this out of the aforesayd Aucthour.

A blessed water distylled against the Cowte: take of Ro∣maine Vitryoll two poundes, of the distylled Hony fowre pynts, distyll these as you knowe, after adde a thyrde part of Aqua vitae rectifyed to it, which dilygently myxed, kepe to your vse, and with a whyte Dooues feather, stryke ouer or annoynt the grie∣ued place, according to arte.

A roued water helping the foulenesse and filthy coulour of the ••eth, borrowed out of Guido: take of salt Ammoniacke, and Page  [unnumbered] of Salt gemme, of each halfe a pound, of Sugar alome, one quar∣ter of a pound, these brought to powder, & put into a Cucurbite, distyll after arte: with this water rubbe the téeth, with a piece of Scarlet.

A water cau••ng the heyre of the headde yelowe: take of the Ashes of the Tree Cerrus one pounde, of a Spring or Conduite water syxe pyntes, boyled a good whyles togyther, to which adde or put two ounces of Romaine vitryoll, and set in the open ayre for thrée dayes, after vse the same according to discretion.

Another water: take of salt gemme, of the rosse beatings a∣bout the Antuild of Copper, and of Alcana, of each a lyke quan∣titye, these after the beating, distyll after art in a Lymbecke.

Another water, more of value: take of salt gemme one pound, of Romaine vitryoll halfe a pounde, of Salt nyter fowre ounc••, of the gréene rootes of Celondyne scraped, vnto the wayght of all, these seuerallye heate▪ and myxed togyther, drawe water by Lymbecke the same 〈◊〉 fyrst 〈◊〉 throe way 〈◊〉n∣profitable: the next which co••eth, kéepe, 〈◊〉 it coloureth: th heyre, in washing the heyres before with ye▪ and ••tting the heyres often with a Spunge, as thy drye in the hote sunne.

A powder made by sublmation most strong, seruing with the corr••ing and eating away, and mortifying de•••slcke, borowe out of Lanfrake; in his Anty•••arie. Take of the fylinges of yron of the powder of vitryoll; of Alne ia•••i, and of Anti•••∣nie, of eache two ounces▪ of the Salt▪ A••noniai, of Arsenice cytrine▪ of Sulphure viue, of Floris▪ aeris, of each one ounce and a halfe, of vnlaked Lyme new made halfe a pounde: after all these well beaten and myxed togyther, adde to the whole one ounce of quicksyluer extincted or kylled with fasting spyttle, or mortifyed with the squilletick vineger, or the sea water, or strōg Lye, which shall be the better, if the same shal be of the ashes of Beanes, and that Trochistes or lytle flat balles be made therof; and dryed, put into a Aludel, and sublymed after arte. The maner of the subly∣mation s on this wyse: take a thicke & strong Glasse body▪ which wyl abyde the heate of fire, without cracking or breaking, or that it be a bodie of earth glased within, and hath a couer to artificial∣lye framed and matched to it, that one part entereth, close within Page  109 the mouth of the bodie, which shal be vnder, and so closely & neere ioyned to it, that nothing at all can breath out of the same, & with this that the edges or lyppes be luted round about, with the lute of wisedome, or potters claye. Let the powder to be sublymed, be put in the bottome of the body, and close couered with the co∣uer, and the edges stronglye luted, and set in the Furnace, vnder which a soft or slowe fyre made for halfe a day, after take the ves∣sell from the fyre, letting the same throughlye coole, which being colde vncouer the head, and that which then remayneth alowe in the bottome, throwe away. But that which cleaueth or sticketh to the couer, take away, and keepe in the pieces. And when you shall néede of the same, then vse and worke with the same by good cyrcumspection, and in a warie maner, in that this burneth lyke to fyre, and both putrifyeth and corrupteth the place, to which this is applyed.

Certaine instructions, of Mercurie precypitate, to be prepa∣red and made, with Aqua fortis, are here vnder vttered.

Th••Mercurie precypitate, is made on this wyse: take of Aqua fortis or strong w••er, one pound, of crude Mercurie foure ounces, dyssolued into water, after the water euaporate in Sande, or by distyllacion, seperate it stronglye, that it waxeth redde & through dryed, the same after grinde in a marble morter, powring vppon Aqua vitae, distylled fiue or seuen tymes ouer, which also kyndle▪ and let it burne vntyll the same be consumed. After let it be rec∣tifyed with Rosewater verie well myxed, and then by fyltring or by a fylter, seperate the Rosewater, and leaue or suffer it to drye. Then powre againe of the Aqua vitae vppon, which kyndle and burne vntyll the same be through drye, and the same repeted a thyrd time, you shall haue that you desyre and seeke. And so much of Aqua vitae must be powred vpon, as maye onely suffice to co∣uer it, but not to much in any wyse.

A Mercurie precypitate, inuented of an Empericke Frenche man: take of quicksyluer one pounde, of strong water fifteene pyntes, these put into a Cucurbyte stronglie luted, distyll af∣ter the maner of strong water, as is afore taught, increasing al∣wayes the fire vnto the ende.

A common precypitate, which serueth for the drawing out and Page  [unnumbered] eating away of rotten fleshe in vlcers, and much exercised in our tyme, for sundry grieffes: the making of which is on this wyse, take of strong water, which serueth to seperate, & for euery thrée ounces of it, put or adde two ounces of quicksyluer, that is not falsifyed with any other mynerall, the whole powre into a long necked body, which is strongly luted, applying fire so long vnder, vntyll the water be throughlye drawne away & drye, and that no fumes ascende to the head: after make a strong or great fyre for an howers space, and then let the body coole, which through colde, breake the Glasse body, for in the bottome shall you finde a redde masse or substaunce, lyke to Vermyllion, the same bring to fine powder in a brasse morter (as in a maner vnpalpable which then may rightly be named the cōmon precypitate. And be which myndeth to prepare the precypitate in such sort, that it may not worke so rygorous and painfull, as it doth and is fealt, where th same is applyed, let him doe it on this wyse, washe the same with cleare water, after drawe away & drye throughly the precypitate by heate of fyre, which through heate burned, quench in strong vineger, & this doe three tymes togyther, for then wyl his force of payning be qualyfied, & on this wyse is the common precypitate prepared, with which you may doe myracles, applyed in sundaye medycines. This borrowed out of the secrete practises, of Leo∣nard

[illustration]
Fiorauant, the Gréeke.

Of Mercurie preci∣pitate, which ser∣ueth and is a reme∣die against all sick∣nesses and disseases, caused of the rot∣tennesse of hu∣mours. The .lxxxx. Chap.

TAke equal parts of Romaine vi∣tryoll, and Salt nyter, and of them Page  110 gather a water by distyllacion, with a body, head, and Receauer, into which bodye you shall put a sixt part of the wayght of crude Mercurie or quicksyluer, that is, if of the Vitryoll and Salt ny∣ter, there be three poundes, then adde to these of Mercurie, syxe ounces: after this so doe, that a water with his spirites may as∣cende, and fall into the Receauer. All which come in the recea∣uer, emptie then into another Glasse bodie pure within, & strong∣lye luted and fensed without: to the headde of which set a Recea∣uer fastened with lute, and standing vnder: the same cause to distyll againe, and the water when it shall be gathered in the Receauer, powre the same againe into the bodie in which Mer∣curie yet remayned, and you shall often repeate and goe ouer with this, vntyll a Mercurie come to rednesse, & being thus come redde, take the Cake forth, and washe it with Cordiall waters, as the water of Rosemarye, Buglosse, Baulme, and such lyke. But washe the Mercurie before (and that often tymes) in spring, Cunduite, or well water being before distylled: which Mercurie thus corrected and prepared, you shall mynister to the sicke and grieued persons, after this order and maner.

If the person shall be sufficientlye strong of bodie, then myni∣ster (after the mynde of Gabriell Fallopius) of Aloes cicotri halfe a scruple, of Myrre and Masticke fowre graines, of precypitate fyue graynes: myxe these with rosed Hony, or rather with the conserue of Roses, framing of the whole, eyther three or fowre pylles, which gyue fasting in the morning, and dryncking a draft of whyte wyne warmed after them. If the bodie shall be meane of strength, then mynister but fowre graynes with a lytle swéet butter, Sugar, and three graynes of Masticke. If the body shalbe feeble and through crased, then onely thrée graynes, with halfe a scruple of Aloes ycotrine powthered, and myxed with Rhodo∣saccharū, which made into thrée pylles, minister as aboue taught. But if you minde to minister this to a Childe, then vse but fowre graynes, or rather applye of it, according to the strength and weakenesse of the Chyldes body, Further learne & note, that you ought to myxe the precypitate before with Triacle, and to myni∣ster the same then to the pacient poysoned, to the dropsie person▪ and pacient taken with the Pestilence, or any other sicknesse. Page  [unnumbered] And that more to be vnderstanded, if a healthfull and sound man shall yearely, or euery thyrd yeere vse this precypitate, as neede & occasion shall requyre the same, with a prudent digestion of hu∣mours, that is, the preparation of the purgation, the pacient then shall auoyde disseases, and from being sicke.

Here conceyue, that in the place of precypitate, you may vse the myxture named Amalgama, which (after the mynde of the Chy∣mistes) is made of sire partes of quicksyluer, and of one parte of Golde: with which thus prepared, you may doe the greater mar∣ueyles. And note, that with the fyrst, and second precypitate, you may cure woundes, by vsing the same after this maner, as to put of it about the woundes, & within. Besides the water remayning after the precypitate made, taketh away the paine of all filthye wounds, if they be bathed with the same, & a droppe of this water put with coten into a hollowe tooth, which greuouslye aketh and payneth, it doth sodaynlie astonishe & mortifye the marow of the tooth, and delyuereth the payne for euer. Also this water mixed with whyte wine, & wetting the heyres of the head or beard with it being hoarie whyte, causeth them to come yelow. And sundry other matters besides this worketh, which for breuitye here o∣mytted.

The maner of making the Philosophers stone, which healeth all disseases in man, or woman, is on this wyse: take of Salt ny∣ter prepared, of roche Alome, & of Romaine vitryoll▪ of each two poundes, drye the vitryoll before in an earthen panne, and being dryed, beate altogyther into pouder, vnto which adde fowre oun∣ces of Salt gemme, after put the whole into a bodie luted or fen∣sed about with the lute of wisedome, and the head close ioyned & clayed about, which set in an open Furnace, making a fyre vnder with cleft wood if you wyl, vnlesse you had rather vse coales, then to the nose of the headde artlye fasten the Receauer that no ayre breath forth: which done, kyndle the fyre, & when it begynneth to distyl, wet then lynnen cloathes easilye wringed out, which shall applie both vpon the head and Receauer, vnto this ende, that the spy•••es of the water do not euaporate & waste, for by the spirites euaporating, the water is so caused vnperite to such a purpose: & in the begynning of this distyllacion, doe the vesselles appeare so Page  111 redde, as blood, and within a whyles after they become whyte, when as you distyll with a strong fyre: after that they returne so redde as at the first: and these e the good spirytes of the strong water, after that they returne once againe whyte, and as soone as they appeare no more redde, the water is then ended and per∣fite: after which drawe forth the fyre, and let the vesselles coole, the powre forth the water into a strong glasse, close stopping the same, which diligently kéepe, for the making of the Philosophers stone. After take of quicksyluer one pounde, of vnflaked Lyme sixe ounces, of blacke Sope fowre ounces, of strong Ashes thrée ounces: all these labour togyther in a morter, whiche dilygentlye incorporated, put after into a Retorte stronglye luted, which fastened to his Receauer, set in a Furnace to distyll, making about and vnder it a strong or great fyre, continuing this fire so long, vntyll all the quicksyluer ée come forth, and gathered in the Receauer, which drawe awaye, and keepe in a strong Glasse bodie, close luted. After labour the composition of the stone, which is made after this maner: Take the sayde water, which you made fyrst, powring the same into a bodye of such a bygnesse, that two thyrde partes of the same may rest emptie, which stronglye fence and lute about: after powre into it the quicksyluer, which you kept, adding two ounces of thynne yron plates, and one ounce of steele plates beaten verye thynne, to the •• put so many golde leaues or sheetes, as wayghe two Englishe crownes, or fonte what lesse of wayght: after these so put into the bodye, set on the head forth with, and the Receauer luted to with spéede, for immediatly after the myxing of these to∣gyther, doth the substaunce in the bodie boyle, and cause so redde Funles that yse as blood, which then gather to the head, so that spedilye ou must set the bodie in the Furnace, applying fyre so long vnder, vntyl the whole water be distylled and come, and the Fume ended. Then let the vesselles coole, and kéepe the water a part close stopped, after breake the bodye, in the bottome of which you shal finde the Philosophers stone, the same reduce & bring in∣to very fine powder, and dilygently seare it, keeping it after in a alley pot or broade mouthed glasse, ••ry close couered, & setting it vp, as you would a precios treasure. The water gathered, Page  [unnumbered] and that you kéepe, wyll sere anothr tyme to perfourme 〈◊〉 ly•• effect and purpose: but it for ••th not, although you can worke uer but halfe the quantitye of the substaunce, the same halfe you must necessarilye labour once uer againe, in the fayde wa∣ter, which seconde worke ended of the stone, bring the same in∣to verye fyne powder, and myxing •• with the first substaunce: the water kéepe then close couered vnto infinite uses▪ as shall after be vttered in the proper place. But as touching the pow∣der this one speciall matter is written by the Aucthour of the singular properties contained in it, being prepared and compo••∣ned after the manner here vnder taught, which so framed▪ and mynistred, doth then worke myraculously, in that the same 〈◊〉 position named of him Aromaticum leonardi, doth helpe all grieffes and sicknesses of the bodie, of what qualitye and condi∣ion so euer they be, for setled in the stomacke, doth forthwith drawe to it, rounde about, and from the headde, all the euyll hu∣mours thereabout among the bodye, which drawne togyther, it speedilye sendeth them forth of the bodye, as well by vomite, as downwarde by stoole or siege, disburdning by that meanes, na∣ture before charged, after which the bodye, may the sooner (with∣out impediment) recouer to health: and in this respect; the same is a helper to the amendment of body, and preuayling against all sicknesses, as may appeare in the gloryous & singular workings of it: the making of which composition is on this wyse: take of whyte Sugar fowre ounces, of Pearles grynded, of Muske, of Saffron, of Lignū aloe, & of Cynamon, of each one scruple, of this Philosophers stone, fowre drams, which after arte make into Tables with Rosewater, as you doe Manus Christi: these after put vp in a close woodden boxe, that no ayre breath forth, & kept in a drye place. The quantity to bée mynistred at a tyme, is from one dram▪ vnto two: & you may eyther gyu it in broath, wyne, or Ale, or in any conserue: But gyuing it in a potion, haue re∣garde that the same which setleth to the bottome of the cuppe be druncke also: in that the same being heauie, euermore, setleth to the bottome, and the same not druncke, the effect then is not, nor wyll be perfourmed at that tyme. This also learne, that what ays the pacient taketh it, he maye then eate but lyttle vnto Page  112 nyght, and drincke onely thynne drincke, for the better dischar∣ging of the stomacke. The Aucthour also wryteth of an ange∣like electuarie to be made with this stone, that is marueylous in many disseases and sicknesses. For this ministred, auayleth in al Agues, by abating the force of them, for griefe of the flankes eyght marueylous, and easeth straungely the gowte, by taking adosed; quantitye of it, euery thyrde daye, and that three tymes togyther in ten dayes, for by that time (doth the Aucthour wryte) that he shall throughly he cured of his gowte, & he reporteth that many tymes he hath woonderfullye cured it, to his great fame. This also auaileth in the cough, the rewme, & dissease of the Milt: & helpeth besides the French dissease, ioynt aches, and such lyke.

The making of which precious lycour, is on this wyse: take of Saffron, of Lignum aloe, of Cynamon, of redde Corall, of each a dram, of blacke De••abore without preparation two ounces, of the electuarie of the iuyce of Roses (of Mesue) not to much or to highe boyled, sixe ounces, of Sugar Roset or of the conserue of Roses, eyght ounces, of the East Muske one dram, of the Philo∣sophers stone thrée ounces, of the best quintessence, two ounces, of stone Hony boyled & skimmed, so much as shall suffice to make a good forme of an electuarie, these after the powthering, myxe & incorporate dilygently togyther ouer a softe and easie fyre, in an earthen glased vessell, in that a vessell of any metall, is not fyt for this composition, and being made, kéepe dilygently in a glasse, ra∣ther than in any other vessell. And this electuarie may be mat∣ched or myxed with any other solutiue medicine, and taken with a fasting stomacke in the morning: the quantity at one tyme to be mynistred, is from two drams vnto fowre. This conceyue, that the same rayseth in a maner the doad, through the singular ver∣tue contained in it: as the Aucthour in Rome, and in sundry other places, hath both seene, and done many experiences worthy me∣morie. For which cause, he wysheth the skylfull practysioners, not to be without this Angelike electuarie, that myndeth to pur∣chase, fame on earth. This borrowed out of the singular practises, of the skylfull Gréeke Leonard Fiorauant.

The making of the vegelant stone, after a rare & strange order, that changeth bodies frō one quality into another, & defendeth or Page  [unnumbered] preserueth the body a long tyme in health: and that hath also in∣finite vertues in a maner, and without comparison. Is borrowed out of the practises, of the aboue sayde Aucthour, in this maner.

Take of the Tartare of whyte wyne, which is both thicke and cleare, or bright, of Turpētine very pure and cleare, of the hearb Aloes which hath long leaues, thicke and indented on the sydes (and hanged in mennes houses, being continuallye greene, and brought of Marryners many tymes out of Barbarie into Eng∣land) of each of these three one pound, which after stampe togither in a morter, making and incorporating the whole to a paste, the same put then into an vrynall bodye of Glasse with a head luted to, and a Receauer artlie fastned, vnder which apply fyre so 〈◊〉 vntyll all the lyquide substaunce and moysture be come: & after drawe forth the Feces out of the vrynall, and if you otherwyse can not choose, breake then the vrynall, and grynde those Feces, which incorporate with the whole water come, after distyll the whole as aboue taught, and in the ende alwayes of your worke, make a greater fyre, and so mightye, that your Feces maye ap∣peare burned well, those Feces againe drawe forth, grynde and impaste with the sayde water, as afore taught, and distylling it the lyke ouer againe, which repeate & doe fiftéene tymes ouer▪ or twenty tymes togyther without ceassing, vntyll all the water bée wholye consumed after this maner, and that no moisture resteth in the Feces, but are so whyte and bryght, as Salt. Those Fe∣ces then laie vpon a smoothe marble stone, hanging it, or laying it in a moyst place, and the stone wyll after dyssolue and turne into a most cleare water: and being thus wholye dissolued, keepe the same in a narrow mouthed glasse, close stopped: for this water is the vegetable stone▪ Which water is of such a vertue, that one scruple of the same myxed with two ounces of the Iulepe or sy∣rupe of Violets, & mynistred or taken by the mouth, of any sicke person or euyl complexioned, for the space of fortye dayes, shall be delyuered and quyted of any gréeuous and harde sicknesse, and this must be taken with a fasting and emptie stomacke in the morning, and that the meate be well dygisted before: for being n such wyse, this then worketh the greater effect: and is also a syngular remedie against wormes, in mynistring of it as aboue Page  113 taught, and clenseth the Lyuer, dryeth vp the moysture of the Mylt, delyuereth the cough, the rewme, & causeth the pacient to pysse, which hath impediment of vryne, and sundrye other ver∣tues this myraculous water hath, which the Aucthour ouerpas∣seth, for doubting that he should seeme to any, that he vttered im∣possible matters. Wherefore he wysheth the skylfull to examine these, and to make further tryalles of this water: whereby they may finde out other secretes, both straunge and myraculous, to the benefite & recouerye of health. This also serueth for the fixa∣tion of Myneralles, without flying away in the fume, in that this stone resisteth the force of any great fyre, without the consuming away: and it also so fyxeth the Brimstone and Orpymente, that they after may abyde the fyre, and causeth them also most white, through which, in making proiection with them on Copper, or brasse 〈◊〉 it chaungeth eyther into a most pure Syluer for whyte∣nesse, or as I (may aptlye terme the same) syluer lyke to the eye, which the Aucthour saw wrought and done by a Chymiste, before his face.

The maner of making of a redde powder, that is, of precypi∣tate, or of quicksyluer calcyned, borrowed out of Marianus: take of the water, with which the Goldsmythes doe seperate the gold from the syluer, syxe ounces, of quicksyluer fowre ounces, these after the myxing, distyll in a Lymbeck after arte, which strongly lute before. For the helmette or head hath a body, which must be fensed and luted about (in which the matter or substaunces to be distylled are put) and the Receauer must be fastened to the

[illustration]
Nose of the head, as this figure here for∣med dot planer de∣monstrate▪ Where the letter A. rep••enteth the vrynall bodie, hauing yt head sette on, with a long bke or nos retch••g out, to which the Re∣ceauer, represented Page  [unnumbered]〈1 page duplicate〉Page  113〈1 page duplicate〉Page  [unnumbered] by the letter B. must artlye be luted or fastened. In the Furnace set the bodie, fenced with the lute of wisedome rounde about, as here by the letter A. is demonstrated, and distyll at the first with a fyre of a temperate heate, which increase by lytle & lytle vntyl all the water be come, and that no sume aryseth, which ended, & the bodie through colde, breake then the Glasse bodie, &c. But the strong water, which seperateth golde from syluer, is made after this maner▪ take of Salt nyter, of roche Alome, and of Romayne vitryoll, of eache two poundes, these grinde and myxe dilygently togyther in a morter, which done, & the powder thus grosse made, put into a vrynall body, of such a bygnesse as may well and suffi∣ciently receyue the whole, and strongly luted about. After this lute artlie the head & Receauer, that no ayre of the water breath forth, and in the distylling draw thus the water, which you maye rightly vse. And the note of his goodnesse, is thus vnderstanded that when you let a lyttle of it fall on the earth, you shall see the same presentlie boyle vp. And on this wyse haue you the maner of making of the powder & water, which is of such a vertue that no man wyl credite the same. This powder to be receyued with∣in the bodie, must be prepared and corrected (after the mynde of Matthiolus) on this wyse, as that fowre pynts of strong water be taken, and a pound and a halfe of Mercurie or quicksyluer, which put not into an vrynall bodie with a head, but into a Retorte or crooked necked Glasse, being strongly fenced with the lute of wis∣dome &c.

A Mercurie sublymed, borrowed of an Emperick Frenchman, made on this wyse: take of quicksyluer one pound, which extin∣guishe in the strongest vinyger, of vitryoll dryed and pure, two poundes, of common salt verie whyte, thrée poundes, after powre the whole into an vrinall body strongly luted, with the head and Receauer close luted in the ioyntes: vnder which keepe fyre for sixe howres, as by lytle and lytle increasing: the worke ended, breake then the Cucurbite, and you shall haue persite Sublima∣tum.

Quicksyluer out of Leae, was on this wse drawne and gt∣ten 〈◊〉 the same Empi••cke: take of 〈◊〉 mo••nely chopped, tenne poundes, of Salt yter, and of 〈◊〉 calcyned, of eache Page  114 twelue ounces, let all these be put into an earthen vessell glased: after they are dissolued in strong Aqua vitae, let them be set in the hotter place of all the hote house, for fowre or sixe dayes togither, and you shall then purchase and haue seuen poundes of quick∣syluer.

Mercurie or quicksyluer crude, powred into strong water, the whole is so reduced and brought in a maner, vnto the fourme of an oyle: with this are rotten fleshe, and the piece of fleshe within the nose causing a stincke taken away, &c. But if an euyll or sore shall be within the mouth, then is Vnguetum aegiptiacum better, or to be preferred.

Of the precypitate with Gold: this is the maner of the taking of it, and this is the dose or quantitie to be mynistred at a tyme, borrowed out of the letters written vnto Gesnerus. I haue giuen fowre Barlie cornes wayght, sometimes of this powder, with conserue of Roses, tymelie in the morning, but the pacient after refrained meate vnto dynner time, and made then a small meale or dynner, but a better supper. Through the benefite of which, for the space of two yeares after, yea thrée yeares and more, the pacient had perfite health of bodie, as he reported. Yet the mynde of the best practysioners is, that the precypitate, how so euer the same be corrected, doth alwayes painefully torment the head and stomacke, especially of tender bodies. Wherefore although this may séeme to helpe sundrie disseases, to purge the belly mightily, & to procure strong vomytes: yet doth it many tymes procure the blooddy flixe to insue, and a veyne to breake in the breast, through the painefull inforsing, and strayning to vomyte, Which ne∣uerthelesse thought meete for husband menne, that haue strong stomacks to abyde the drawing of it: so that to them it is porfitable, and maye helpe sundrye grieffes and disseases.

FINIS.
Page  [unnumbered]Page  115

❧ The thyrde Booke of Distylla∣tions, contayning verye straunge secretes.

[illustration]

Page  [unnumbered]

❧ Of certayne oyles in generall.

The .j. Chapter.

MAny needeth as much of oyles as waters, vnto the benefite and pre∣seruation of health, as for other neces∣sarye commodityes of bodie, besydes. For seeing of these which wée nowe possesse, that certaine especially auaile to healthfull persons, for the preserua∣tion and maynteynaunce of the health of bodye, as those on which we féede, by which a helpe to be cloathed, and defended by shoes, and that strengthen our bodyes, as well as certayne helping the sycke: and others also there be of such sorte, which both auayle to the healthfull, and sicke personnes, as the oyle Olyue doth: which as Galen wytnesseth, is of such condicion, that the same so ne∣cassarilye serueth the healthfull, as the sicke persons, in applying of it as well within, as without the bodye: For among those me∣dycines, which are applyed on the outwarde partes, the Oyles beare not the least swaye, as well this symple, as the compounde oyles. And the vse of them is verye often, insomuch that wée are occasioned and procured sometymes to vse them alone, but wée often are mooued to vse them in the making of oyntments, Ceroltes, and playsters. And there be oyles and oyntmentes, that not onelye for theyr consistencie or styfuesse, but for theyr neere agreeing in vertue, that the oyles are often named of Dios∣corides oyntinentes, as is the oyntment Nardinum Mastichi∣num, and such lyke, which many rather name oyles than oynt∣mentes, Yet many kyndes of oyles there bee. But that (of Page  116Galen) is named symplye and properlye an oyle, which is pres∣sed out of rpe Olyues, and is free in a maner of any quality ex∣céeding. And for that cause, the ••me i not onely most profitable, and 〈◊〉 vnto the composition of many medy ies▪ that of them with which it is myed, it asly〈…〉 but for that it mae also be••〈◊〉 by it selfe, and alone with∣in the bodie, vnto the uryng of sundrie disseases. Yea an oyle is, many tymes pressed out of gréene Oyus, which they auie oylin••acine that hath the propertie of rooling and binding which nowe as a matter of oter medycines▪ lyke the swete▪ can not bee. So that these two▪ be properlie and trulye named oyles. And as touching the oders, of which we fullye and at large in∣treate in this booke (for that an oyle is here named to be the same, whatsoeuer iuyce is fattie and oylie) are named oyles through a certayne symilitude, as be the oy••e and running •••ees, pressed out, distylled, or wrought and done by any other order and ma∣ner, out of fruites, sedes beaten, and kernelles, as of aill nuttes, the Indiane nutte, Almonds, Balano merepfica, mustard seedes, Lyne seedes, Ricini, and such lyke.

And such oyles are made, after many orders and maners: for certayne are made by pressing out, and others onely by impres∣sion (as Mesue nameth and termeth it) as when ••mple medy∣cines, boyled, stieped, in common oyle, doe leaue theyr vertues in it. But certayne are done by a Chymisticall resolution, as when that which is oylie in all partes, is then by the force of fyre resol∣ued by distyllation. And these maner of oyles be most vehement in working, and verye thynne. A man maye also by the bene∣ite of fyre, drawe a kynde of oyle, in a maner out of all thinges, yet out of some a plentifuller yeelde, and out of other some a lesser yeelde: in which this is a peculiar among the rest, that by a mar∣ueylous thynnesse of the essence, which they receyued through the fyre, that doe most spedilye penetrate or pierce into the déepe partes, and doe most spedily offer and shew theyr vertues: lyke as those oyles, which the Alchymistes drawe out of Brym∣stone, vitryoll, Tyles, and such lyke. For all these haue greater vertues, then those, from which they are drawne.

And these oyles that are drawne by distyllacion, are chieflye Page  [unnumbered] done in sande, in such sort that the spyces or éedes, grosly beaten, be put into an vrynall body strongly sensed & luted about: and at one tyme are put in vnto the q••ntitye of three 〈◊〉 of spices, or according to the geanesse of the Cuc••bit or gla••e bodie, vp∣on which are ixe pyntes of most sea•• water powr•• vpon, and myxed dyligently. After that a head set on the glasse body answe∣ring

[illustration]
or yt to the Fur∣nace, which bodye so set in sand, that a good quantitye be vnder it, that it maye nothing stand nygh ye bottome. To the nose of the gla∣sen head ixe or artlie fastē a Tynne or yron pype, but ye same (tyn∣ned) both within and without. Let the same pype passe bowingly or after a leaning maner (a slope) through the vessell, which hath in it colde water, that in the distylling the vapour issuing or going forth with the oyle, may so be cooled: before the distylling, remember to close di∣lygently the wyntes, with thicke paper or a lynnen cloath wette, and set vnder a Receauer or Glasse at the ende of the pype. After make an easie fyre, and take héede in the tyme of your distylling, that the substance in the glasse body, riseth not vp through a rashe heate, nor boyleth. Yet certaine seedes as the Annise, through the thynnesse of his substaunce, and clamminesse togyther which they haue, doe largely boyle, and for that cause may not the head be set on by and by or soone after: but rather when you see bubles aryse, and that a vapour to ascende withall, then prepare & take of your head, and sturre the stuffe about with a small sticke, that the bubles and some may so be resolued into vapour, which may after by a meane fyre be moderated, aswaged, & dryed vp▪ Which done, set on the head againe, and dilygently luted about, distyl or∣derlye so long, vntyll you thinke no more oyle to be contayned within: which both by syght and taste you shall by & by perceyue, for when by taste the droppes distylling, carrye or haue no more Page  117 sauour nor taste of the spyce, then leaue of or ceasse, least the spice burne then to the bottome of the glasse. After seperate dilygently the oyle contayned in the distylled water, as after shalbe taught. But this note & learne, that certaine of these oyles, doe swym on the water, and othersome doe syncke and fall to the bottome. Of which ye oyles of the black pepper, of the newe Cardamomū, & the Annyse swymme aboue. But those which sincke & fall to the bot∣tome, be the oyles of Cynamon, of Mace, & of Cloues, &c. The wa∣ter of Cynamon & Annyse, when they are distylled, haue a myl∣kie coulour, and this mylkie substaunce is by lytle & lytle chaun∣ged into an oyle: this hytherto borrowed out of Valerius Cordus.

Further vnderstande, that two matters or poyntes especially are required in the drawing out of oyles fyrst, that the substance haue plentie or sufficient water powred vpon, that the same may so be lyfted and caryed vpwarde, through which it maye the lesse be burned, or cōsumed. The other is, that eyther the head, yt pype, or long nose, be continually cooled, with most cold water, standing in some apt vessell fast by. Which two necessary helpes yeeld & giue this vse, that the spyrites of the oyle, which be very subtyll and most hote, that as soone as they inflame and mightilye heate in a burning maner the headde, they forthwith by the cooling are repressed, and conuerted into an oyle.

[illustration]

Of the distyllacion of Oyles by an instrument named a bladder. The .ij. Chapter.

FIrst let a vessell be made of pot∣ters earth, of a finger thycke∣nesse, that it maye be the stronger and surer, which frame after the forme of an Egge, with yt head (as it were) cut awaye, as this fygure here plainer demonstrateth. And make the same of what largenesse, and bygnesse you wyll: yet seeing for two poundes of spyces, there ought twentie pyntes of water be Page  [unnumbered] powred vpon (and that the Copper vessell must so be fylled, that a thyrde parte or a lyttle lesse be lefte emptie) euen as by this quantitie which seenieth a meane, you wyll distyll in it oyther more or lesse, make the bygnesse accordinglye of the earthen vessell: in whose bottome let fyne Sande be powred, vnto the thicknesse of a finger, or rather two fingers, and round about the bodie, for the drawing of oyles, out of spyces and seedes: but for hearbes, this maner needeth not.

2. The vessell thus prepared of chosen earth, purged, well and faste wrought togyther, and through dryed, &c. as all other potte•• are woont (yet scarcely prepared at the three wéekes en••) & mak your Furnace in largenesse, according to the compasse of the pot, of Tyles only, (for the potte whyles it is thus baked, is drawne and shruncke togyther much, and for that cause the same ought before to be thus handled) hauing a deepe foundation: and aroūd hole framed to the bottome, hauing a grate made within, aboue which, fyxe hygher by halfe a foote, two barres lying crosse, on which set or let the bottome of the potte stand, and let the Fur∣nace ryse and be aboue the bottome of the potte, that is, aboue the yron barres, one foote and a halfe, or lytle lese.

3. Within the potte, set a large Copper vessell according to the quantity of the water (as for two pounds of spyces, let twen∣tie pyntes of water be powred vpon) in such sr, that the empty∣nesse round about, be fylled with Sand a finger and a halfe hygh. This vessell with the head shall stande and be aboue the Sande, halfe a foote almost.

4. Let the helmet or head aboue be rounde, and not sharpe poynted, that the vapour fall not againe downwarde, nor that the head be cooled with water, nor hath any edge or gutter. For be∣ing on such wys, all the vapour wyll yssue and passe spéedily and forth with into the pype. If the head nowe should be cooled, the vapours there gathered, would uer soone be thyckened, and fall also backward: or else this also otherwyse hyndered, by this ma∣ner in the distylling of oyles. For that cause must be cnsydered and knowne, howe the crookednesse of the nose ought to be, accor∣ding to the standing and space of the place, that the pype fastened to the nose of the head, maye aptlye passe and retche through the Page  118 Fyrkin or other vessell of water, &c.

5. Let the pype be long, in a maner sixe foote, and let it passe or retche through the tubbe or vessell fylled with colde water.

6. Let the fyre fyrst or at the begynning, be made somewhat great: after that by lytle and lytle abated or lessened, but let it be kept in an equall force of heate. The oyle wyll come forth togy∣ther, with the water, and flewme, &c. Some part of it setleth vnder the water, and another parte swymmeth aboue, and the oyle also may be seperated. The water then may be distylled a∣gayne, and that which shall fyrst come, wyll be the swéetest wa∣ter, for the other is onelye flewme. This distyllacion, maye be perfourmed in eyght howers: these hytherto of the practises of the learned Gesnerus.

A most apt instrument for the drawing of Oyles, out of Rootes, Hearbes, Seedes, Spyces, and others lyke. The .iij. Chapter.

A. Representeth the vessell, which the Aucthour nameth a bladder, in which the matter or substaunce is contayned.

[illustration]

B. Doth here represent the bel∣lye that is fastened to the necke, that the necke maye the commo∣diousser, be applyed to the large mouth of the vessell, which the necke coulde not so commodiously be fastned, but through this mene and helpe.

C. Doth here shewe the long necke, that letteth the head, that t heate not to fast.

D. Signifieth the head.

E. The vessell or bucket com∣passing the head, into which colde water is continually powred, af∣ter the heating.

Page  [unnumbered]F. Representeth the long Receauer.

G. Here signifieth the Tappe or Cocke, letting out the wa∣ter hote.

This fourme and maner of Furnace, purchased the Aucthour, of a skylfull practisioner, and learned Phisition of Basyll.

Of the drawing of Oyles by distyllacion of water boyling. The .iiij. Chapter.

TAke a Copper bodie or potte, of such a greatnesse, that wyll well receyue fifteene pynts, the same fyll so with wyne or wa∣ter, or with both myxed togither, that a thyrde part onely may re∣mayne emptie. To the water powre your substance, apt to yéeld an oyle, and that grosely beaten, which let stand to infuse for thrée howres, yea the better fowre, or sixe howres. After set on the head, verie close luted about, and cause the water most stronglie to boyle, for with the vapour then of the water, doe the oylie spy∣rites ascende, which by the pipe, passing through the colde water, doe descende & distyl into the Receauer of Glasse standing vnder, and are so chaunged into oyle, which after in the Furnace of dy∣gestion, you shall seperate from the water, with a Siluer spone. And on this maner, may you drawe an oyle out of Nutmegges, Mace, Annise séedes, Fennel seedes, Cynamon, Cloues, Iuniper berries, and others. This Furnace of digestion, is a vessell, into which the water & oyle is powred togither, in a place temperately hote standing, that they maye the aptlyer be seperated, one from the other. And how this seperacion ought artlie be done, shall af∣ter be taught.

The maner of purchasing Oyles by an yron, or wood presse. The .v. Chapter.

TAke a presse made with strong cheekes, betwéene which two sydes, put too yron plates sufficientlie heated, but not bur∣ning hote: after wryng harde togyther the substaunce, out of which you minde to purchase an oyle (remembring before to put vppe your matter into a newe Canuas bagge) and then in this harde drawing, wyll an oyle come forthe. That if your substaunce shall waxe dryer and dryer, before the ende of Page  119 the worke, then moysten the same, by sprinckling a lyttle of the best Aqua vitae vpon. But this conceyue▪ that all substaun∣ces ought before to be grosse beaten, and being well heated in an earthen panne, put then up hote into a newe thynne bagge, and wrynging the same harde, a more quantitie of oyle wyll come. But for a playner vnderstanding, conceyue these examples fol∣lowing: and fyrst the purchasing of the oyle of Almondes, which is gotten n this wyse. Take of iourdaine Almondes or of other Almondes, fowre poundes, these after the paring and cleansing of them drye with a knyfe (for that they may not be blaunched in water) stampe grosely in a marble morter, which sprinckle with a lytle of the best Aqua vitae mixed with Rosewater, to the quan∣titye of two ounces of both, these after the dilygent incorpora∣ting togyther, put into a new earthen panne glased ouer the fyre, which after the heating so hote, that it beginneth to fume, or at the least that you can not suffer your hande in it, then put up of the same, a quantitye being so hote, into a thynne square bagge of newe cloath, and wryng this verye harde in a presse betwene two smooth yron plates, or two square boardes smoothed of Sugar cheast, into a porrenger or cleane pewter dyshe: this wholye gathered, washe after if you wyll, in an earthen panne fylled with rayne water, which so long labour with a stycke in the water, vntyll the same be come whyte, with this maye woe∣men (if they wyll) annoynt theyr faces, both in the morning fyrst, and at nyght last, for this both cleareth, and maketh be wty∣full the skynne, in any place, wheresoeuer the same be applyed.

Another example, ayding the aboue taught, made of Almondes compowned after this maner: take of Almondes tenne pounds, of redde Saunders, in powder syxe ounces, of Cloues one ounce, of whyte wyne fowre ounces, of Rosewater thrée ounces: these after the grosse beating, let so lye in the marble morter close couered for eyght or nyne dayes, beating the same ouer once a daye, after the heating of the whole in an earthen vessell, vntyll it begynneth to fume, and bée through hote, put then of the substaunce into a new square bagge of lynnen cloth▪ which stronglye wryng in the presse; as aboue taught, for out wyll come a redde oyle, with which woemen maye onnoynt theyr Page  [unnumbered] fa••, for it causeth a comely redde; and bewtifull skynne, a se∣creth not before vttered n any booke, and knowne to fewe o∣therwyse.

The making of anothr oyle▪ which causeth the face whyte and be wtyfull▪ of noesse importaunce than the others, on this wysel take of common Abunde s•••ped, syxe poundes, of Sond a acha▪ of Masticke whyte, a••eace three ounces, of the whytes of newe layde Egges fowre ounces, of gumme dragant two ounces, all these beats dilygentlye in a morter, which after closed couer for syxe dayes, beating and s••rring it about once e∣uery daye which heating in a panne (as afore taught) and put vp into square lynnen agges hote, wryng harde in the presse, for out wy•• come an oyle which cleareth the skynne, and maketh it whyte and comelye, in such sort that it wyll appeare myracu∣lous and rare: for this is one of the greatest secretes taught of bewtifying, in that the same mayntayneth the skynne smoothe, cleare, and whyte, and neuer harmeth the person, nor the place where it is annoynted.

The making of a synguler Oyle, verie rare, which causeth a comelye face, and maketh the person merrye, which vseth it, yea strong and hardye to fyght, being gotten after this manner: take one pounde or two of Hempe seede, which after the fynely beating, sprinckle and wette with a lyttle wyne, then put the whole into an newe earthen panne glased, and set ouer the fire, heate so long vntyll you can not suffer your hande in it, after put of the substaunce hote into square bagges, which wryng harde out in a presse, and an oyle wyll come forth verye profi∣table: of which if any drincketh, vnt the quantitye of an ounce at a tyme, it maketh him pleasaunt and merrye, and being a Souldiour which drincketh it, this maketh him both flexce and hardie to fight, hauing the no doubt nor feare of his enimye: and also profitable to women, in that the same maketh them merrie, and comely to see to. And in this maner, may you draw an oyle, out of all seedes.

The making of the pleasaunt Oyle of Cloues, by onelye pressing out, after this maner: which for that an oyle alone, cannot be purchased through theyr drynesse, therefore doe on Page  120 this wyse: Take of Cloues one pounde, which bring to pow∣der in a brasse morter, to it adde thrée poundes of Almondes scraped and beaten in a morter, which after the well myxing togyther, sprinckle an due of th best whyte wyne on eache pounde of the wh••e, letting it ••lye in 〈◊〉, for the spare of eyght dayes at the lea••▪ after 〈◊〉 the whole ouer agayne, putting it into an 〈◊〉 earthen 〈◊〉hich heate so long vn∣tyll you can not suffer your hande in it, then put vp into s•••re bagges word& ••de in a presse, vntyll all the whole substa•••e of oyle be co••.

The making of an doifer querade of 〈…〉 with another substaunce ryght profitable •• and to be desyred, pre∣pared on this wyse▪ take of Spy••arde one pounde, this beate fyne in powder, after beate syxe poundes of sweete Almondes seraed, which mye togyther 〈◊〉 letting the whole solye▪ for tenne dayes, at the least after beate the same ouer agayne, sprinckling vpon eache pounde of the substaunce, one ounce of Aqua vitae▪ the whole after heate in an earthen panne so hote, as you can not suffer your hande in it, then putting it into square bagges hote, wryng harde in a presse so long, vntyl all the oyle be come which is verye sweete, and seruing to the vse of Phisicke, and for other néedefull purposes.

The making of an odoiferous oyle of our garden▪ Spyke, with an other substaunce, in that this of it selfe yéeldeth no ly∣cour, and yet of a strong sauoure: yet to purchase his sauour or smell, doe on this wyse: take what quantitye of Spyke you wyll, the same after the fyne beating, wette with the fynest Aqua vitae, vntyll the substaunce be sufficientlye wette: to each pound of this, adde fowre poundes of ••urdaine Almendes scra∣ped, which beate and labour togyther, letting the whole so lye for tenne dayes, the same after the well beating▪ wryng harde in a presse, for out commeth a most cleare, and pleasaunt sweete oyle: which serueth so well in Phisicke matters, as in the arte of per••ming.

The makyng of the Oyle of Nutmegges, in an easye manner, gottn by pressing out, on this wyse: take of Nut∣megges, Page  [unnumbered] and of the best Almondes scraped, of eache a lyke quan∣titie or wayght, these beaten togyther▪ let so lye or fow•• or fiue dayes, and after the sufficient heating, wryng harde in a presse, for an oyle wyll some, of 〈…〉, sauour, and taste of the Nutmegge. And this by good reason, in that the oyle of Al∣mondes entereth to the making of it, which neyther abateth his sauour nor taste, nor hyndereth any thing hi vertue: for being myted with any other substaunce, neyther hyndereth, nor taketh awaye any part of hi qualitie▪ So that this is the aptest ma∣ner that any can vse, in the drawing out of the oyle of Nutmegs, and worketh a greater effecte▪ where the same •• applyed: for it is more? par••ng, and hath then a pleasaunter sauour, and mor delectable in aste▪ and worthyer in all his other wor∣kinges.

The drawing out of the oyle of Cynamon, after an easie ma∣ner by presse a secrete veris rare and marueylous borrowed out of the syngular practy••o••r which serueth to the vse of P•••cke, in that the same preserueth the stomacke from corrup∣tion, by taking of it by the mouth and applying of it on the sto∣macke: the maner of purchasing this oyle, is on this wyse. Take one pounde of Canell or Cynamon, which finelie beae, after myxe and impaste it is with the oyle of swéete Almondes, nt the fourme of an yntment, the same he••fe in an earthen glased pane soft what, which after et stand (〈◊〉 close) for fowre∣teene dayes, or twelue at the least, at the ende of which tyme, heate the whose againe sufficientlye, the same wryng harde in a presse (as afore taught) vntyll the whole Cynamon rest through drye in the bagges which come forth, wyll then bee of the colour, sauour, and tast of the Cynamon (a secrete) and an owne to few, to be wrought in th••rder.

The making of a pro•••able Oyle, named the oyle of the yolkes of Egges, borrowed out of the afore sayd Aucthour whih serueth to dyuers and sundry matters, and is an oyle, which neuer con∣sumeth: the same besydes serueth in many working of Aley∣mie, as in gyuing fyxation to the medy•••, when the spyrites are fleeting a way: the drawing of it, is on this wyse. Take a quantitye of the yolkes of Egges, when they are harde, those Page  121 beat and worke togyther in a morter, which after put into a cop∣per panne setting the same ouer the fyer, and making vnder a great fyre of coales, which in the meane tyme styrre dyligent∣lye about with a splatter, vntyll the same begynneth of it selfe, to turne into an oyle, which thus tourned, spéedelie put vp into thynne canuase bagges and wringe the oyle harde out: and on this mane haue you purchased the oyle of the yolkes of egges, which is both precious, and marueylous. And in the drawing of it on this maner is a secrete, and knowne to fewe personnes: and hath also such properties in his workinges, that a man wyll scarcelye beleeue them: for this healet a wounde with maruey∣lous expedicion, it causeth the heyres of the head and eard blck, and taketh away the sygne and blemishe of a wound, by annoyn∣ting often vpon, it aswageth the greuous payne of the Pyles, dyssolueth and helpeth the payne of the sydes, and doth many o∣ther matters besydes, which for breuitye are here omytted.

The Aucthour here sheweth of a certaine Practysioner, that otherwyse prepared and drewe such maner of oyles: For he tooke the flowers of Camomyll, and the lyke of all other freshe and greene hearbes, and after the chopping or shredding of them, hee artlye boyled them in oyle: and when the oyle was colde; h strongly pressed the whole forth, putting into yt oyle againe freshe flowers, which he after set in the Sunne for a tyme.

A Gréeke; and synguler practisioner, instructeth the maner of making all sortes of oyles, out of flowers, hearbes, and other drye thinges: as out of the Saunders, the woodde A∣loes, the Tancariske woodde, and sch lyke, that haue no oyle in them: which is on this wyse. Take that symple, of which you mynde to drawe an oyle, the same orderlye beate, letting it after lye to soke in the oyle of sweete Almondes, for the space of eyght or tenne dayes, which after the heating in an earthen panne (as afore taught) and put vp into square bagges, wryng harde in a presse, and out wyll come a pleasaunt oyle seruing to sundrye vses. And after this manner maye you drawe an oyle out of any, of the others, aboue mencioned, and the same verye perfyte: in that this oyle of Almondes (as afore vttered) 〈◊〉 apte to receyue the vertue and property of all thinges infu∣sed Page  [unnumbered] in it, and nothing hyndereth the vertue, nor working of any.

By what deuise and meanes an oyle which distylleth forth with the water, may be artlie seperated. The .vj. Chapter.

THe seperation of an oyle, maye aptlie be done from the water, eyther with a syluer spone, especiallye if the oyle shall swym on the face of the water: or otherwyse which is by a more dilygēce & skill, in preparing a peculyar instrument or funnel of glasse, ser∣uing to the same purpose, as is this instrument or funnel, here pla∣ced,

[illustration]
right against, which hath in the bottom a hole stop∣ped with waxe▪ or a vessell hauing three smal pypes contai∣ned in it, as the one retching to the bot∣tome of the vessell, another to yt midle
[illustration]
of it, & the thyrde to the highest of it. But further doth Bessonius vtter, in his lytle treatyse of the drawing of oyles, after this man∣ner. Fyrst, he willeth the practisioner, to consider & learne that the receauer ought to be made somwhat sharpe toward the bottom, & to be like the poynt of a thing bored or stricken through, with ma∣ny strokes of a small punchin or smal nayle. This hole then in the tyme of the distyllacion, stoppe dilygentlye with wrought waxe. The water & oyle after distylled, & set a tyme to coole in the ayre, marke then in the cleare receauer of glasse, what place the oyle oc∣cupyeth in the water. Which you shall well perceyue, by the dy∣uersitie of the colour. That if the same occupyeth the bottome, in taking or plucking away of the waxe frō the hole of the receauer, forthwith doeth the oyle yssue or runne into the viall or glasse set vnder, & the water wyll rest behynd: if so be you mynd to kéepe, or to stay the water, by stopping the hole spéedily with waxe. But if the oyle occupyeth aboue the water, then in opening the hole a∣gayne, the whole water shall be drawne forth softlye▪ and by lytle Page  122 and lytle, into the glasse standing nder▪ that the〈…〉 in the bottome of the receauer may so be reserued 〈…〉 it 〈…〉 wyse hapneth through the hastinesse, & imprudencie of ye worker, that it sheddth so awaye into the receauer being vnder, then into the glasse prepared for the onely purpose. But if the oyle through the water carrying it, be troubled and turned into clowdes, the whole water then shal be strayned through a lynnen cloath in the ayre, I meane, in the colde ayre, and the distyllacion before cooled. Through which all the oyle in the ende thus stayed, wyll rest on the linnen cloath, that you may after gather easily of with a knife, and shyft thence vnto a vyall or small glasse, by which in the end if néede shall be, you may resolue into a thynne lycour, uen with the least heate that may be, &c.

Of the rectifying of oyles, out of ••ares or gummes, wooddes, Seedes, yea and of Baulme. The .vij. Chapter.

THe oyle that presently is by yt force of fyre drawn, néedeth also to be rectified, which to doe, shall then be powred into another Retorte or glasse with a bended necke, and with a most soft fyre, in ashes distylled: which distyllacion perfourmed, you shall then purchase a most pure oyle, piercing, and falling to the bottome.

Note, that out of two poundes of Cynamon, scarcelye halfe 〈◊〉 ounce of pure oyle is attayned or gathered: but out of two 〈…〉 of Cloues, is gathered two ounces, or at the least an ounce and a halfe: and out of two pounds of Annise or Fennell sedes, is pur∣chased two ounces: and out of two poundes of Nutmegs the prac∣tysioners attaine in a maner, three ounces most commonly.

Of the many solde vse of oyles. The .viij. Chapter.

MAny and sundry wyse, is the vse of the distylled oyles, as shal after appeare. But on such wyse or on such maner, are they commodiouslye applyed and vsed, if so be a quantitye of Sugar be dyssolued in the water of Vyolettes or Rosewater, or in the water of Cynamon or other spyces: and the sme being thus dyssolued in eyther of these, powre into after, a droppe or two of some oyle, whose vse you seeke to trye, and frae or make Page  [unnumbered] s••are tables (or rounde if you wyll) of the whole: of these mini∣ster according to arte.

Of the Baulme, and Baulme oyles distylled, and of a fewe not distylled, and of other oyles compouned, being in se lyke the Artyficiall Baulme. The .ix. Chapter.

[illustration]

WHat a true Baulme is, & whether the same also be knowne to be at this daye, is throughly vttered and opened by the Aucthour in a proper chapter of the first part of his worke. Ther∣fore our minde in this place is, to vtter and intreate of the artifi∣ciall Baulme, which by a certayne imytacion and nere agréeing in the vse of the true Baulme, was of the same (at the first) in∣ue••te, and put in vre, of the auncient practissoners. For when they wayed and understoode, that both the one & the other were falsyfied by the counterfayters, and that those compound lycours which were solde and mynistred to men, neyther agréed in sub∣staunce nor properties by any maner to the true Baulme, were upon the occasion the earnest lier moued, for the auoyding of such an end nyt••e and great harme, & that such a treasure especiallie Page  123 shoulde no longer lye hyd and vnknowne to men, vpon this good and so reasonable consideration, they applyed theyr wyttes & in∣dustrye, to the attayning and trying out of a lycour, nearest aun∣swering in properties of the precious Baulme. And for that they might the commodiousser perfourme and bring it to passe, inuented to vs a certayne generall kinde▪ of the qualityes and properties of the true and naturall Baulme. And sing by na∣ture the Baulme is most hote, and piersing, and indued with a mightie propertie and drying, or that mightylie ryeth of proper∣tie, for that cause especiallie this maye preserue bodyes verye long from putrifying, being annoynted with it, and put of old age or mayntaine youth a long tyme: for the perfourming of which, they chose symple 〈…〉 of lyke propertie, so nyghe as they coulde purchase, which myrte might yéelde the lyke fa∣culties, so aptlye as arte coulde matche them. Of which kynde, that be principallest, are the Myrre, the Olybanum, Franken∣sence, and Aloes. The next to these, be the Turpentyne, and Aqua vitae. The thyrde sorte are these, the gumme yuie, Gal∣banum, yquide stor••, the Woodde Aloes or Lignum aloes, &c. But from the purpose these disagrée not, as the Galingale, the Nutmegges, the Cloues, and many others of lyke kynde. For all these being gathered into one, by an artificiall coniecture mat∣ching, was so made, that of all these myxed togyther, by a iu•• proportion, in the Chymisticall arte, they drewe an oyle, which in faculties and consistence, was most lyke and nearest agréeing to the true Baulme. These hytherto agréeing in a maner, to the wordes & minde of Leonarde Fiorauant, in the making of the ar∣tificiall Baulme. So that to the making of the artificiall baulme, is necessarily required▪ that the Turpentine of it selfe, with the essence (of wyne) be only 〈◊〉 in Balneo: the other spyces after dyssolued in the essence, and with the abouesayd oyle of Turpen∣tyne, by Balneum againe distylled For wrought in ashes or sand. doth a grose oyle ascende, euen with a most soft and easie fyre, so that the same in the receauer come is then nothing woorth.

If so be you defyre or would perfitelie knowe, a good and true Baulme, from an euyll and falsyfied, then after the mynde of Fallopius (in his secretes) cast or instyll certayne droppes of the Baulme into cleare water, and with a stycke labour well the Page  [unnumbered] water▪ that if the water then be troubled, the Baulme is not per∣fite: but contrariwyse, the water if it shall abyde cleare, then is the same true and good, and doth gather it selfe alwaye into one place.

It is to be considered and noted, that out of thrée poundes of Turpentyne, myxed with one handfull of Salt, and a lytle of the essence of wyne, are fowre ounces and a halfe of the oyle of Tur∣pentyne, distylled and gotten in Balneo Mariae. Yet they ought to stande, for certayne dayes before, to putrifye. Further that Turpentyne gyueth or yeeldeth more oyle of it selfe, if the same be distylled by a small pype, than by boyling water, is to be doub∣ted.

A marueylous Baulme made or drawne by arte, most lau∣dable, and often tryed, which serueth vnto dyuers and sundrye disseases and grieffes: inuented by a synguler Greeke of great same in our tyme, named Leonarde Fiorauante: the making of which is on this wyse, take of most fine Turpentyne one pound, of the oyle of Bayes fowre ounces, of Galbanum thrée ounces, of gumme Arabick fowre ounces, of pury Frankencense, of Myrre▪ of gumme yuie, and of Lignum aloes, of each three ounces, of Ga∣lingale, of Cloues, of Consolida minor, of Nutmegges, of Cyna∣mon, of Zedoaria▪ of Gynger, of the whyte Dyttanye, of each one ounce, of Muske, and Amber greese, of each one dramme, all these beate and labour togyther; putting the whole after into a Retort, to which adde or powre vpon ie pynts of the best oine••Aqua vitae: the tryall of which is on this wyse, that a lynnen cloath wet in it (and set on fyre) burneth cleare, which cloath so burning put into the Retorte, that it may so cause the ••ter to burne, and the cloath in it togyther, which thus burning, turr dilygentlye▪ the water with the stuffe about, letting the whole stande to infuse for nyne dayes, which after the setting in Ashes, distyll according to arte, the same which distylleth and commeth forth, is a whyte, water with an oyle togyther, and on such wyse procéede, forward with a softe fyre, vntyll you sée the oyle begynne to come forth blackshe: incontynent vpon that syght, chaunge your Recea∣uer, setting vnder another, and increase the fyre stronger, vntyll all the spyrites of the substaunce he come forth of the bodye, all Page  124 which throughlye come, seperate then the oyle from that blacke water, and eache kéepe a parte by it selfe; and the lyke doe with the fyrst water, in seperating the oyle, and kéeping eache a part. The first water, which is whyte, is named the baulme water, the oyle seperated from that water, is named the baulme oyle. The seconde water blackishe, is named the mother of baulme, the ly∣cour seperated from that water, is named the artificiall baulme▪ which ought to be kept, as a most precious Iewell. And this composition haue I gathered, and dygested into such a perfection, as in (my opinion) séemeth not no defull of any further addicion: besydes I haue made many practises and tryals, of all these mat∣ters, here vnder vttered. The first water come, and dropped into the eyes, doth marueylously cleare, and preserue the sight of the eyes: and washing the face with this water, maketh after a most comely & bewtyfull face, it preserueth youth, and putteth of olde age, it breaketh and dyssolueth the stone of the kydneys, and cau∣seth the pacient to pysse, which otherwyse is letted by a certayne fleshie stopping in the way: this also cureth all maner of wounds happening in any part of the bodye, and of what condicion so euer they be, by the washing with this water, and the applying vppon of Lynnen cloathes wette in this water, which sundrye tymes exercised, wyll shewe so marueylous a working, (as though the same were done by the blessed hand of God onely.) This besydes mightily helpeth the personnes in a consumption, and all maner of rewmes, and the coughe. This water also bathed or rather fomentedon the Sciatica or ache in the hyppe, causeth the payne forthwith to ceasse. That other water named the mother of baulme, fomented on scabbes, doth speedily and with marueilous easinesse heale them: and worketh the lyke on the fowle scurfe, the Leprie: and all maner of vlcers, which are not corrosyue, this water marueylously cureth, & that without tediousnesse: and vn∣to infinite other grieffes also this serueth, that the Aucthour here ouerpasseth. The baulme oyle serueth vnto infinite matters and purposes, and especiallye for woundes of the headde, where bones be perished or harmed, and the pannickles: by powring into, and applying on it on the woundes. This preserueth the fae, by annoynting (after dyscretion) with it.

This also doth marueylouslie helpe the Plewrisse, by giuing one Page  [unnumbered] dramme with water at a tyme▪ and many other matters this worketh besydes. The Baulme is a marueylous lycour, for who that hath paine of the flankes or bowelles, by taking two drammes of this Baulme in the mouth, shall spedilie be eased and deliuered: this doth lyke helpe the cough, the rewme, the coldnesse of the head, and the stomacke: and for all woundes of the headde, this is a most synguler remedie, by annoynting all the headde about once a daye, for this pierceth into the brayne, and euen to the stomacke alowe. This also dissolueth any swel∣ling happening in any part of the bodye, and in short tyme. This besides cureth the quartaine Ague, by annoynting all the bodie with it, in omytting no part vntouched, and the same in a shorte tyme: to be briefe, the Aucthour knewe at no tyme, any sicknesse or dissease, which he dyd not cure with this Baulme: in that this auayleth as well in the hote sicknesses, as in the colde: for the colde this heateth, and the hote sicknesses this (of a certayne hydde propertie) cooleth. To conclude I haue (sayth the Aucthour) founde and tryed such synguler vertues in this pceious lycour, that I can not vtter all (or at the least) to wryte of them all, were ouer long. Wherefore I wyshe all menne and women (being of abilytic) to be alwayes prouided, and to carrie of this treasure with them, whether so euer they traueyle or iourney, for the health of bodie: in that the vse of this, defendeth them a long time, from any sicknesse or dissease, & this is a most certayne truth, as the Aucthour of tryall knoweth.

The maner of distylling an artificiall Baulm, of D. Ioh. Mag. In the begynning ought thyrteene poundes of Turpen∣tine myxed with Aqua vitae rectyfied be distylled, and gather that oyle by a Receauer, which by Balneo Mariae ascendeth, that is most cleare, verie thynne, and lyght. Of this oyle take one pound and a quarter, of Borrag flowers, of Roseleaues, of Buglosse flowers, of Staechas arabica, of the garden Spyke, of Rosemarie flowers, of Lauender, and of Chamomyll flowers, of eache one pugyll or lyttle handfull, of Annnise seedes, of Basyll seede, and of Pyonie seedes, of each halfe a dramme, of the rootes of Angelica, of Helycampane, of Valerian, of the flower Deluce or Ireos, of the true Acorus, of Dyttanie, of Lycorps, of Pyonie, of Spica,Page  125 of eache one dram, of the ryndes of the Cytrone and Orrenges, of eache two scruples, of hearbes, as of Sauge, of Maioram, of La∣uender, of Rosemarie, of Hysope, of Myntes, of Bytonie, and of Baye leaues, of eache one lyttle handfull: let all these be finelye shredde and stamped according to arte, and put into the glasse bodie stronglie luted, or Copper bodie, togyther with the oyle of Turpentine distylled, and to all these powre the water of An∣nyse, or Cloues, or that last in the disyllacion of Cynamon, in so much that the bodye be in a maner fylle. On this after set the headde, and the ioynt about close stoppe, with lute. Then fyre put vnder, let the distyllation be lyke done, as of the Annise, or water of Cyanmon, that is, let this be distylled, by a pype run∣ning through a vessell of water. Which done, that is, when the water shall be ascended and come, then let the refuse or Feces of the hearbes, flowers, and rootes be taken forth, and put again into the bodie clensed, into which powre one quarter of a pynte of Lyquide stora, and to the same powre, what so euer you shall drawe forth in the next distyllacion, and let them be distylled a∣gayne, as the first. That if the water of the first distyllacion, shal be diminished in quantity, then shal you powre more lycour vpon. Nowe as soone as the seconde distyllation shall be ended, cleanse againe the bodie, powring into it of Storaxe calamyte, and of Myrre, of eache two ounces, of Masticke, Frankensence, and of Asa dulcis, of each one ounce & a half, which finely brought to powder and put in, powre vpon the water and oyle already di∣stylled. If those suffice not, then adde to it of the like water, aboue taught, vntill you shal thinke it sufficient, & let a lyke distyllation be done, as aboue taught of the hearbes. Which performed, take then forth all those which remaine in the bottome of the Glasse, & powre in these following in theyr stéede. Yet this must be noted by the waye, that many mixe the Lyquide storaxe togyther with the foresayd gummes, so that there nedeth no peculyar distylla∣cion of these folowing. The spyces to be added are these, take of Gynger, of Zedoaria, &, of Galingale, of each two drams, of Ru∣barbe halfe a dram, of Gentiane, & of Cubebae, of eache one dram and a halfe, of Saffron halfe a dram, of Cynamon one ounce, of Nutmegges, of Mace, and of Cloues, of each sixe drams, of Cala∣mus odoratus halfe an ounce, let al these be finely brought to pou∣der, Page  [unnumbered] and powred togither with the water and oyle of the last sepe∣ration, and distilled like the first time by a pype in water, which thus fynished, seperate the oyle frō the water, and kéepe the oyl of the artificiall Baulme in a glasse, which vse, as here vnder in∣structeth. There may also in this last distillatiō be a ball or great button made of the spyces tied round vp in a fine lynnen clothe, & distilled togither, & that the sauour, may be purchased & caused the sweeter, take of Mus•• dissolued in Rosewater fiue graynes, of Camphora two graines, of Cynamon and Cloues, of eache one scruple, these orderly mixe as aboue taught. And this Baulme is fowre times distilled ouer, as first with the hearbes onely, in the second with the Liquid storaxe, in the third with the gummes, in the fourth with the spyces. This hath the propertie of comfor∣ting all the synewie partes, and those lacking bloud, which be, the stomacke, the wombe, the bowells, & bladder. But it especially helpeth the stranguri, & those passioned with the stone, if eyght or ten droppes of the same be druncke, in eyther Ferne water, or wine. This also openeth all inner stoppings: it defendeth & pre∣serueth a person long in health, by taking certaine droppes mixed in broth, & that in the morning fasting twise in the weeke, &c.

A briefe rehersall of this distillation, he tooke one pound of the oyle of Turpentine, & added besides sundrie seedes, of herbes, of flowers, & of the aboue mencioned rootes, & mixed all in a glasse body luted, & added after to it, fiue pintes (of rectified Aqua vitae) and of Cloues, & distilled them togither by a pype. The next day, he tooke Lyquid styrax, & the other gummes, & distilled it againe, and this distillation (note) is hard, in that the same so lightly boy∣leth vp, & for that cause shall the coles be drawen forth, when it beginneth to boyle vp. The third day following, he distilled the spyces and others, with the Baulme by a pype in water, &c. And on such wise, he purchased the prepared Baulme.

A Baulme of G. a Klee, take of good & cleare Turpentyne, one pound, of the oyle of Bayes two ounces, these two mixe togyther, after of pure Olibanum, & of Lignum aloes pure, of eche two oun∣ces, of Masticke halfe an ounce, of Myrre, of Ladanum, and of Ca∣storie, of eche two drams, all these diligently brought to pouder, and mixed with the abouesaid, let so stand for thirtie dayes in the abouesaid oyle. To these after adde, of Galingale, of Cloues, of Page  126 Cynamon, of Nutmegs, of Zedoaria, & of Cubebae, of each half an ounce, of Dittanie, & of Campherie, of each two ounces, all these prepare and put into fowre ounces of Aqua vitae rectifyed, which mixe artely togither, & let the whole thus stand for fowre dayes, at the end of which time, mixe togither all the whole, & put into a Lymbecke diligently luted and closed in the ioynt, distill then with a soft or slowe fyre. First cōmeth a water, which is named the Baulme water: next insueth a cytryne lycour, in colour like to oyle, which assoone as you shall see distylling, drawe away the receauer with the water of Baulme, setting speedie vnder an o∣ther receauer, to gather the most precious lycour then comming after the maner of oyle, which is named the mother of Baulme. After these shall the great lycour distill & come, and remooue then the receauer, setting vnder an other, to gather that blackishe ly∣cour a part, which then sendeth forth droppes or droppeth, a long space and time betweene drop and drop, and this lycour (slowest distilling) is more precious than the other two. These three ly∣cours throughly distilled, keepe diligently in seuerall glasses close stopped, with waxe, which waxe notwithstanding through the fortitude of ye Baulme water, is within a short time softned like paste. The second lycour is cytryne or yelowe, which is the mo∣ther of Baulme. The thyrde is blacke, which is named Xylobal∣samum, euē as the first, named Opobalsamum. The first is good, the second is better then it, but same excellenter is the thyrde. I sawe sayth the Authour, a person trobled with the palsie, which by applying one droppe on the forehead, and another on the nauill of the belly, was forth with deliuered and cured of it. Another ta∣ken with the palsie, leste the sense and feeling of the right Arme and foote, who with the annoynting of the ioyntes, the shoulder blades or pyntes, the armes from the Elbowes to the hands, the knob and ioynt of the hand, the knee, the necke, & breast, by spen∣ding on each place thr•• droppes; arose within a fewe dayes after from his bed, and was throughly healed by it.

A Muncke carrying a Beame in Paui a Cittie of Lumbardie, wrung and grieuouslie brused his hand betw••ne a pyller & the Beame, in such sort that his hand 〈…〉 after waxed so blacke as a coale, with an intollerable paine, & rampe that haped after in that hand, which being annoynted with this oyle of the mother of Page  [unnumbered] Baulme, the paine in short tyme after ceased: but being after an∣noynted with it, morning and euening, the hand became whyte againe, and throughly restored and healed. The Aucthour (by a chance) cutting his fynger deepe, healed it only with this baulme, in a short tyme.

Another Baulme distylled in a Retorte, which not much vary∣eth, both in the properties and composition, from the other aboue. Take of Turpentyne one pound, of the oyle of Bayes two oun∣ces, to these mixed▪ adde of Galbanū, of gum Elenum, of gum yuie, of Frankensence, of Lignum aloes, also diuers spyces, of each two drams, these after the artlie distylling, put vp in a glasse. The vse of this baulme is, that a certaine noble man, hauing the hand drawne and shrunke togither, in such sort, that he could not 〈◊〉 the same: by annoynting the ioynts & hand with it (and couering or wrapping yt hand with a hote cloath) was within fifteene dai••, throughlie cured. Another personne hauing a hardnesse in his throate, on such wyse, that he could not retche nor cast vp spytle out of his throate & mouth, but by annoynting the throate with this oyle▪ the whole throate after was greatly inlarge〈◊〉y an∣noynting againe the throate ye next day folowing with it, the pa∣cient was wholly cured. Another hauing a pestilent Ca••ocle or swelling in the grynde, by annoynting the sa•• with this ly∣cour, was wholly cured. This also helpeth the belching & paine of the stomackes the crampe▪ the chollick, and stitches: the 〈◊〉 of the eares, y iusylling one droppe at a time, both morning & eue∣ning into them. The synewes shrunck, & at wounds: the canker, the Fistulaes, bruses or the strypes of blacke & blue; the pe••ilce; & euery hard impostume doth this resolue. This besides helpeth memory, if you apply or annoint one droppe on the forepart of the head, & annointed on the backe bone, & ioyntes, helpeth the palsie▪

A maystrial Baulme, of vnknowne Aucthour to Gesnerus: take of Xyloaloes, of Masticke, of mace, of Galingale, of Nutmegs, of Spykenard, of Gynger, of Cinamon, of Cardamo••, of Cubebae, of Cloues, of Zedoaria, of gum Arabicke, of Santali muscellini, of frankensence, of saffron, & of Olibanū, of each two dram•• al the•• finely labour and bring to pwder, and myxe with the waters of Turpenti•• & hony, prepared on this wyse: take of Turpentine and hony, of each halfe a pound, these distyll togyther, and a part Page  127 from others, without any myxing of spyces to them. After take of Aqua vitae once rectifyed, one pynte, this myxe with the a∣bouesayd confection, letting the whole then putrify in the sunne, in a Glasse close stopped with waxe, for eyght dayes, or longer tyme if you wyll. After make a seperation by Lymbecke, ac∣cording to arte, and the fyrst water which then commeth, is named the mother of Baulme. The seconde which yssueth, named the oyle of Baulme: the thyrde, named the artificiall Baulme, and in the ende aromatizated or made pleasaunt of sa∣uour, with Muske and Amber gréese, and that addicion verye much comforteth and delighteth, and vsed or added in euery con∣fection of Baulme.

The mother of Baulme symple: take of the best Turpentine, thrée pounds, of fine Frankensence, of Lignum aloes, of each thrée ounces, of Cloues, of Galingale, of Cynamon, of Nutmegges, of Cubebae, and of gumme Elemi, of eache two ounces, all these beaten and incorporated togyther, and put in a luted bodye, and standing in fermentacion for fyue or sixe dayes, distyll after in syfted ashes, begynning with a softe fyre, and increasing stron∣ger and stronger, vnto the ende of the worke: and this which first commeth, named the mother o Baulme. Of this mother of Baulme then, and of the Elixir vitae, alyke myxed in the Lym∣becke, and fermented againe (as aboue taught) and a distyllacion after wrought in Balneo Mariae: there wyll a most cleare water distyll and come forth, which is named the mother of Baulme coniunct, or compouned.

A Baulme inuented, and fyrst made in Rome: take of Tur∣pentine, halfe an ounce, of Olibanum syxe ounces, of Aloes suc∣cotryne, of Masticke, of Galingale, of Cynamon, of Saffron, of Nutmegges, of Cloues, and of Cubebae, of eache one ounce, of gumme yuie two ounces, all these brought to powder, and myxed with the Turpentyne, and put into a Glasse bodye, and to these adding of Camphora, & Amber greese, of eache two drams, distyll after with a soft fyre. The fyrst water which commeth, is whyte and cleare, and the wyne of the Baulme: the second is yellow, and named the oyle: the thyrde more yellowe, and is the true Baulme.

Page  [unnumbered]The discripcion of a certaine Baulme or water, inuented of a famous Phisition, of which he reported and affyrmed verye rare and woonderfull matters, and gaue to it a royall name, which is, the reuyuer, and defendour or mainteyner of youth. Take of Turpentyne one pound, of pure hony halfe a pynte, of good Aqua vitae two pyntes, of Lignum aloes dilygently beaten, and of al the Saunders, of each three drams and a halfe, of Olibanum, of gum yuie, of the bones of the Hartes heart, of Zedoaria, of long Pep∣per, of eache three drams, of gumme Arabicke, one ounce, of Nut∣megges, of Galingale, of Cubebae, of Cynamon, of Carrowayes, of Masticke, of Cloues, of Spykenarde, of Saffron, and of Gyn∣ger, of each thrée drams and a scruple, of ine muske, the wayght of two pence: these artelie prepared, distyll according to arte, be∣gynning with a softe fyre, and increasing after a stronger and stronger heate vnto the ende, the first water that commeth forth, is as cleare, as the Cunduite water: the seconde wyll be fyrie, as a coale: and then increase the fyre, and the thyrde lycour wyll come forth blackishe.

A Baulme lycour of Iohan Mesue, verye excellent, and most profitable vnto many grieffes and disseases: he tooke of thosen Myrre, of Aloes hepaticke, of Spykenarde, of Dragons blood, of pure Frankencense, of Munia, of Opobalsamum, of Bolelli∣um, of Carpobalsamum, of Ammoniacum, of Sarcocolla, of Saf∣fron, of Masticke, of gumme Arabicke, of Lyquide storax, of each two drammes (otherwyse two drammes and a halfe) of chosen Ladanum, of Succi castorei of eache two drammes and a halfe, of Muske halfe a dram, of the best Turpentyne, vnto the wayght of all: these artlie brought to powder, and myxed with the Tur∣pentyne, and powred into a Glasse bodie with a headde, and the same strongly fensed with the lute of wisedome: distyll in the be∣gynning with a softe fyre, and increasing the heate after, accor∣ding to skyll and discretion: the lycour which aryseth by distyl∣lacion, and artlye gathered, preserue in a strong Glasse, close stopped. This lycour draweth nighe, vnto the true iuyce of Baulme. Guido a cauliaco, dyd sometymes to this precious lycour, adde the hearbes appoynted and vsed to the Palsie, and then the worthyer, and much more effectuous (as he wytnesseth) Page  128 practyses, he wrought and did: And with this lycour alone, in the palsie, Mesue many times dealed, without the addition of any others, and had good successe, by annoynting the pacientes nape of the necke, and all the rydge bone of the backe downwarde, and that part affected or taken. For in this maner doyng, it maruey∣lously helpeth the great debilitie of the backe, & decayed strength of all the partes, and the depriuation of the synewes and bones. So that it much profiteth the Palsie, all the griefes of the sy∣newes, the beating and trembling of the hearte, and a many∣fest loosenesse of partes, through the secrete propertie incredi∣ble. And this conceaue, that there can no medycine bée inuen∣ted, nor founde worthier then it. For at any tyme, when the heart needeth any speedie comforting and strengthening, vse this as a singular and diuine remedie, if we may credite the learned practisioner Mesue.

An oyle of the Philosophers, drawen out of Turpentine and Waxe, which is a certaine secrete Baulme hauing infinite ver∣tues, excéeding all other lycours, that can be inuented and made, in that the same is made of two symples, which be but litle sub∣iecte to corruption, or in a maner incorruptible, the one is Tur∣pentine, which is a lycour dystilled and gotten of the Fyrre trée, and the other is the waxe, which is a celestiall matter, that dis∣cendeth or falleth from heauen, and that this is true, we through∣ly know, that nature neither produceth the honny nor waxe, but rather prepared and sent from heauen. And we after see that the Bees by their woonderfull skill and Arte (farre aboue mans to∣wardnesse) gather the one, and the other, and carrie them to their home, which man by no industrie can gather one droppe the lyke, but to abreuiate this, the preparyng and makyng of this precious lycour, is on thys wyse, take of cleare Turpen∣tyne eyghtene ounces, of sweete yealow waxe, twelue oun∣ces, of the Ashes of the Wyne tree sixe ounces, these put to∣gyther into a Retorte or crooked neckte glasse, artely luted and fensed, which after the setting into Ashes, distill accordyng to Arte, mayntayning a stranger and stronger heate, vnto the ende of the worke. And when no more wyll dystyll forthe, you shall then see aboute the necke of the Retorte Page  [unnumbered] within waxe courded, which is a manifest sygne, of the distylla∣tion perfourmed. This nowe distylled and gathered, stoppe di∣lygentlye with waxe, and kéepe to your vse, for you haue then a lycour lyke to Baulme in properties, which is of a syngular ver∣tue, and much piersing. If any with this lycour, shall be annoin∣ted all the bodie ouer, it then by the sundrye tymes vsing, preser∣ueth and mayntayneth youth a long tyme, and kéepeth all things put in it from corrupcion, and putrifying: and doth also kéepe the bodie a long tyme in health, and preserueth dead bodyes im∣baulmed with it a long tyme. And a person wounded in any member or parte of the bodye, by onelye annoynting on the wounde thrée or fowre tymes, with this oyle, shall throughly be cured. And that personne which can not pysse, by taking onely two drammes of this lycour by the mouth, shall forthwith pysse plentifullye: and this the lyke mynistred, helpeth the greeuous payne of the flankes, stitches in the sides, the wormes in the body, the cough, the rewme, and pestilent Ague, and other lyke grieffes and disseases, by mynistring the abouesayd quantytie by the mouth, shall speedilye be delyuered. This borrowed out of the skylfull practyses, of the Greeke Leonarde Fierouant.

A water or Baulme of Hermes, borrowed out of that booke, named Trotula, in the ende of the woemens passions: where he wylleth to take of Turpentyne thrée tymes distylled ouer, and at last all togyther one pounde, of Lignum aloes lyke∣wyse three tymes distylled ouer one pounde, of crude Am∣ber one pound, of Nutmegs beaten and grynded on a marble, vnto the maner of an oyntment, with the oyle of the same added, vnto the full incorporating of these to a masse: the whole distyll nine tymes ouer. This Baulme dilygentlie kéepe to vse, for it is then perfite and susteyneth all tryall of fyre and water: it soketh thorowe the hande, and by annoynting the face with it, the same preserueth youth, closeth and cureth any cutte or wounde, cleareth marueylouslie the sight: and by annoynting all the bodie with it, doth defende the same from putrifying, and from wormes feeding on it: these hytherto hath the Aucthour sundrie tymes done and experienced, and founde a most certain∣tie in them.

Page  129An oyle of Baulme maystriall, borrowed out of the dispensa∣torie of the colledge of Phisitions of Florence: which wylleth to take of Turpentyne one pounde, of olde Oyle sixe ounces, of the oyle of Bayes fowre ounces, of Spykenarde, and of Cynamon, of eache two ounces, of newe Tyles well baked eyght ounces, these after the well beating and labouring togyther, distyll in a Lymbecke after arte. This sendeth forth vryne, breaketh the stone, kylleth wormes in the bodie, the rynging and noyse of the eares procéeding of a grosse wyndinesse, the palsie, the fierce crampe, the ache of the hyppes, the payne in the knées, & grieffes of the other ioynts: this speedily deliuereth and helpeth by drinc∣king and annoynting with it, but a small quantitye at a tyme, and mynister of it, myxed with that water apte to the dissease, in the taking by the mouth.

A marueylous oyle of Baulme, that cureth all manner of woundes, borrowed out of the practices of that synguler man Ga∣briell Fallopio Modouese: take of Turpentyne one pounde, of pure Frankensence, of Masticke, of Myrre, and of Sarcocolla, of eache one ounce, of good Aqua vitae eyght ounces, all these dily∣gentlye beaten and myxed togyther, put into a Retorte stronglie luted, with the lute of wisedome, the same after the setting in Ashes, distyll according to arte, begynning with a soft fyre, and increasing the fyre after by lyttle and lyttle, vnto the ende of the worke: the same substaunce gathered, wyll be an oyle and wa∣ter, which orderlye seperate, and kéepe the one from the other a

[illustration]
parte: this seperacion may you make and doe on this wyse, take a Glasse funnell fylling it vp in a maner to the brymme with the distylled substance, holding one finger in the meane time vnder, and that stopping the neather hole: by this meanes, the water wyll fall to the sharper ende, and the oyle flote or swymme aboue: which by warylye shyfting your fynger (stop∣ping the hole) now and then, the water wyll slyde or shedde forth, leauing the oyle fullie behynde, if you be carefull in the dooing. Page  [unnumbered] These thus seperated, kéepe in seuerall glasses dilygentlye stop∣ped. The Oyle is of such a vertue, that it healeth all maner of woundes, in a verie short tyme, and without payning at all. And of this hath Fallopio made the proofe many tymes, and especially on woundes of the head, in closing or stitching first the wounde, and applying after on the cutte, with lynt dypped in the Oyle: for this synguler Oyle dryeth the wounde, defendeth it from pu∣tryfiyng, and corrupting: and to be briffe, this Oyle worketh mi∣racles. This secrete dyd he attayne of one M. George Catelyne a Genua, in Fraunce.

A synguler Baulme oyle, drawne out of waxe and Turpen∣tyne, which dryeth, and mightylie pierceth, where the same is applyed, borrowed out of the secretes of Fallopio: take of the pu∣rest and clearest Turpentyne that can be gotten, one pounde and two ounces, of newe yellowe waxe, that is odoriferous, one Venetian pound (which with vs is twelue ounces) of Nutmegs, and of Cloues, of eache one ounce, of common ashes syxe ounces, all these after the beatyng, put into a Retorte, fenced with the lute of wysedome, and set in ashes, distyll with a slowe fire at the first, after increasing it, vntyll all be come: which gathered, dy∣styll the seconde tyme in a glasse bodie with a head, and Recea∣uer, putting into it before the distylling, fowre ounces of the pou∣der of bricke or Tyles, which dilygentlye luted in the ioyntes, maintayne fire vnder, vntyll no more wyll come: then haue you purchased an oyle of a rubyne colour, which worketh myracles in woundes, especially where synewes be harmed: this also hel∣peth any maner rewme, procéeded of a cold cause: it helpeth be∣sydes the cough, by annoynting the region of the breast with it: and is also of great importaunce, vnto many other grieffes: inuented and prooued, by the abouesayd Aucthour, infinite tymes.

An oyle of Baulme, borrowed out of the practices of Petrus de Abano: take of Myre, of Aloes, of Spykenarde, of Dragons blood, of fine Frankensence, of Munia, of Panax, of Carpobalsa∣mum, of Bolellium, of Amoniacum, of Sarcocolla, of Saffron, of Masticke, of gum Arabicke, and of Lyquide storax, of eache two drams, of Ladanum, of Castorie, of each two drams and a halfe, of Muske halfe a dram, of Turpentyne vnto the wayght of all: these Page  130 after the dilygent beating, mixe togyther, & distyll in a Lymbeck according to arte. This may performe and doe all these matters, that are vttered afore of the baulme oyle in the dispensatorie of the Florentines, yea and effectuousser.

A Baulme oyle synguler, that forthwith easeth and helpeth the Gowte, as well colde, as hote, or of other accident. Take of Ve∣nice Turpentine two partes, of new Masticke one part, of Opo∣panax, and of the ryndes of Pomegranates, of each a small quan∣titie & a lyke, these prepared, distyll according to arte.

A perfite Baulme, helping the colde gowte, by annoynting the grieued places with it: vnderstoode and learned of an Auncient Chymiste. Take of Turpentine three pounds, of Frankensence, of Masticke, of Myrre, and of Ladanum, of each one ounce, distyll the whole by a Retorte, and keepe the oyle.

A baulme of a certayne Empericke, of great same & aucthority take of Turpentyne fowre ounces, of Frankensence halfe an ounce, of Lignum aloes, two drams, of Mastick, of Cloues, of Ga∣lingale, of Cynamon, of Zedoaria, of Nutmegs, and of Cubebae, of eache two drams, of gum Elemi, one ounce and a halfe. This baulme marueylously worketh, in that it putteth awaye the Le∣prie▪ both wayes, in applying of it both within and without the bodie: and many other incurable diseases, as the Canker, and Fistulaes, and of the lyke kinde.

Another baulme of a certayne Englishe man, with which he cured wounds, by laying lynt vpon wette in it, the Ague, the im∣postume or gathering vnder the short rybbes, such short winded, the consumption of the Lunges, all swellings except the dropsie. It easeth bruses, the crampe and palsie of a cold cause, & a droppe mynistred to a person lying (or at the poynt of death) reuyueth him. He tooke of Turpentyne two poundes, of chosen Myrre, of Castorie, of Mastick, of each three ounces, of Olibanum, of Aloes succotryne, of each fowre ounces, of the rootes of Cnsolida minor one ounce▪ of Turmentyll rootes, of gum yuie, of the Indian nut, (and if you wyll of Nutmegs for it) of Zedoaria, of eache halfe an ounce, of Cubebae one dram▪ let al these be stieped two dayes) then distylled with a slowe fire.

A compounde water distylled, called the lycour of youth, which Page  [unnumbered] is a great secrete in nature, and is named the medycine of medi∣cynes, and curer of all infirmyties and disseases: take of Lignum aloes, of Cloues, of Galingale, of Cardamomum, of Cubebae, of graynes of Paradize, of chosen Ruberbe, of Cynamon, of the smaller Nutmegges, of Calomus aromaticus, of Mace, of eache two drammes, let all these be finelye beaten and searsed, to these then adde of the iuyce of Celondyne one pynte, of the iuyces of Sage, of Bryonie, of Rue, of Bytonie, of Myntes, of Borrage flowers, and Buglosse, & of the iuyce of Fennell, of eache halfe a pynt, these after the well myxing and incorporating togyther, dy∣styll in a glasse body with a head, according to art. Of this water take one sponefull fasting euery morning all the summer, and in the wynter vse two sponefulles. For this water is right profy∣table to all sorts of persons, both young & olde, for this preserueth the stomacke in great strength, & yéeldeth great strength of bodie, if that a great heate be not in the brayne & lyuer: and this delyue∣reth or recouereth that person in a consumption, the iaundise, and the dropsie: this greatlye preserueth and helpeth the syght, and comforteth the hearing. This helpeth poysoning, and comforteth al the members, and preserueth the blood in good colour, and from any maner putrifying, and helpeth a stincking breath.

A Baulme of a marueylous vertue, in tremblings, and the Palsie, which a most synguler Phisition kept pryuie to him selfe a tyme, as a most precious secrete, which in the ende reuealed to the Aucthour: the making of which is on this wyse, he tooke of Galbanum one pounde, of gumme yuie thrée ounces, these finely beaten a part, myxe togyther, which after put into a glasse bodye with a headde, and distyll the substaunce in Balneo Mariae: this after distylled myxe with one ounce of the oyle of Bayes, and of good Turpentyne one pound, then let the whole be distylled, and seperate the water from the oyle, as afore taught. The vse of this is, that the pacient vexed with the Palsie, convulsions, the crampe, and trembling of members, be layd vpryght, and of this oyle temperatelye hote powred vpon the bellye into the hollowe and bottome of his nauell: and you shall see after a marueylous working that may rather be accoumpted a dyuine, then naturall, and verye much helpeth the palsie, after a collicke.

Page  131An oyle or Baulme, that the lyke is not to be founde, against tremblyng, the crampe, drawings, convulsions, & the astonying of partes or members: take of chosen Myrre, of Aloes hepaticke, of Spykenarde, of Dragons blood, of Frankensence, of Numia▪ of Opopanax, of Carbobalsamum, of Saffron, of Masticke, of gum Arabick, of Lyquide storax, of Storacis rubrae, of each two drams and a halfe, of fine Muske halfe a dram, of Herba paralysis, two handfuls, of good Turpentyne vnto the wayght of all, these after the dyligent bringing to powder, and incorporating the whole to∣gyther, put into a Lymbecke, which distyll according to art: for this according to the declaration aboue opened, is one of the most syngular medycines: with which therefore, let the Nucha, and rydge bone downward be annointed, of the person troubled with the crampe, the trembling of members, the Palsie, the astonying of partes, and the drawings or convulsions.

A most precious Baulme, helping the palsie, and many other grieffes, borrowed out of Leonellus, a syngular Phisition: take of Lignum aloes two ounces, of Opopanax, of the Rosen of the Py∣naple tree, of Bolellium, of Galbanum, of Myrre, of Mastick, of Sar∣cocolla, of each one ounce, of the Benedick oyle, three ounces of La∣danum two ounces, of Carpobalsamum, Xylobalsamū, Opobalsa∣mum, or of the artificiall baulme, of each one ounce, of Olibanum, of oyle of Bayes, of Dragons blood, of Castorie, of Spykenard, of Galingale, of Cubebae, of Mace, of Cinamon, of Cardamomum, of Melicitorum, of the ryndes of the Cytrone, of eache one ounce, of the oyle of Turpentine vnto the wayght of all, of olde oyle Olyue one pynt and a halfe: let the gums be finely brought to powder, powring vpon as much of burnt wyne, as maye couer the whole substaunce, which after set into Balneū Mariae, for three dayes to dygest, after adde to these, the other remayning & finelye brought to powder, with the oyle of Turpentyne, and the oyle Olyue, let∣ting the whole then for other fowretéene dayes stande, to dygest eyther in Balneo Mariae, or in horse doong, which after distyll in ashes with a sft fire, according to art.

A precious water and marueylous, which auayleth in wounds, vlcers, and Fystulaes, and preuayle against the plague or Pesti∣lence, and the vertue of it besydes is marueylous, but the whole Page  [unnumbered] must be distylled by a glasse bodye with a head: For in such a maner of distyllation, doe then thrée lycours appeare, hauing dy∣uers colours, and eache ought properlye to be gathered a parte, and powred into sundrye glasses. And note, that the first water which commeth, auayleth against the plague, and ought daylye to be druncke in the plague tyme with a fasting stomacke: this also comforteth the brayne, by drawing vp of the water by the nosethrelles: this besydes destroyeth the piece of fleshe growne within the nosethrell causing a stynking ayre to yssue, and all o∣ther defaultes or euylles, growing within the Nosethrelles, in daylye touching this piece of fleshe within the Nosethrell with the sayde water. If daylye the temples, and the pulses, be fo∣mented with this water, and the rydge or backe bone the lyke, in a warme place (as a hote house) shall spéedilye be cured. If any were fallen from any place, let him then be annoynted with the sayde water. If any hath a weake brayne or memorye, let the headde then be annoynted all about, but the forepart especiallye (being shauen) many tymes fomented warme with it, and he shall throughly bée cured. The sayd water drunck, maystreth and expelleth poysons forthwith. The sayde water auayleth, agaynst vlcers and woundes. Agaynst the Palsie of the tongue or other members, if they bée impostumated or can∣kered, and against any maner of sycknesse of the bodye. The seconde water which commeth, is lyke to oyle, and is an oyle, with which wée maye applye on places of the bodye, in steede of the Baulme: for if you styll one droppe into water, this droppe then goeth or falleth to the bottome, and maye be had or gotten agayne. If you also throwe a needle into the sayde lycour, it shall swymme aboue. This also cowrdeth mylke, and hath all the vertues, which seeme to be and are in a Baulme. The thyrde water, may be named a Baulme, whose vertues bée infinite. This borrowed of the learned Bertapalia: Take of the finest Turpentyne (in the steede of Oleum vici or Lachry∣ma, of which two seemeth a contrauersie, whether to vse, and yet in the ende concludeth, that for the lacke of eyther, to vse Tur∣pentyne, as not much dygressing from the purpose) of this there∣fore two poundes, of pure Hony skymmed two poundes, of good Page  132Aqua vitae one pynte, of Lignum aloes pure, of Santali muscati, of Mace, of Cubebae, of Galingale, of Nutmegges, of Cloues, of Spykenard, of Masticke, of Gynger, of Cynamon, of Saffron, of graynes of Paradize, of eache thrée drammes, of gum Arabicke thrée ounces, of fine Muske halfe a dram.

An oyle seruing vnto sundrye disseases, hauing the vertue of a Baulme, thus discrybed of D. Gesnerus (as I thincke:) take of the best whyte wyne two measures and a halfe, of newe Cowe mylk (new milked) thrée ounces, of good Hony eyght ounces, of the rootes of the Gentiane eyght ounces, of Astrantia thrée ounces, of Angelica two ounces, of chosen Baye berries one ounce & a halfe, of Rue, of Iuniper berryes, of drye redde Roseleaues, of each one handfull, of Helycampane rootes one ounce, of Cloues, of the swéete ryndes of the Cytrone, of Calamus aromaticus, of Cyna∣mon, of Annyse, of Fennell seedes, of Masticke, of Beniamyne, of eache halfe an ounce, these after the finely shredding and beating togyther, stiepe in a large glasse, or glasses (if you wyll) close luted, and set in a hote place for seuen or eyght dayes. After dy∣styll the whole with a head, & Receauer, close luted in the ioynts, so great and large, that a thyrde part or more of the body remaine empty. This body set in fine sifted ashes, and distyll in the begin∣ning with a softe fire, after increase the fire by lytle and lytle, vnto the ende of the worke. But the Aucthour supposeth the first distyllacion ought to be done a parte in another vessell, and that the wyne and mylke to bée first distylled togyther. Out of this distyllation, are also thrée lycours gotten and gathered. This water wyll auayle against poysons, the Pestilence, the stone, the quartayne, the cotydiane Ague, vnto sweating, moo∣uing, &c. This also helpeth the harde fetching of breath, and the obstructions or stoppings of the bowelles, vnto all flewmaticke matters, and vnto the Falling sycknesse, and to defende or pre∣serue also the pacient from the Fallyng sycknesse. A man maye lyke coniecture, that this Baulme, for the makyng of a perfite Tryacle, to bée aptlye and to good purpose appoynted.

The Aucthor of Nouia viatici, in the Chapter of the palsie, discri∣beth a like licour to the baulme: take of the whitest Frākensence, and of Mastick, of each two ounces, of Lignum aloes one ounce, of Page  [unnumbered] Cloues, of Galingale, of Cynamon, of Zedoaria, of Nutmegges, and of Cubebae, of eache sixe drams, of Myrre, of Aloes, of Lada∣num, of Sarcocolla, of Castorie, of each halfe an ounce, of Bay ber∣ries, of the kernels of the Pyne aple, of each one ounce, of gumme Elemi, of Opopanax, and of Beniamen, of each two ounces, of the iuyces of Iua, and the hearbe Paralycis or Cowselyp, of each three ounces, of good Turpentyne vnto the wayght of all, the whole dy∣styll in a glasse bodye, after arte. The first which commeth, is a water: the second, lyke to oyle: the thyrde lyke to Hony.

A compounde oyle borrowed out of Aristotle, against the hote and colde gowte, and against the incuruacions of the synewes, so that the synewes be not cutte a sunder, borrowed out of an Itali∣an booke written: take of Aqua vitae thryse distylled, and of the iuyce of Byttonie, of each three ounces, of Saffron, of the iuyce of Mugwoort, of the iuyce of walwoort, of the iuyce of Capreni or Caprellae, of eache fowre ounces, of the iuyce of march mallowes eyght ounces, of Cloues, of Carpobalsamum, of Xylobalsamum, of each two ounces, of Ceruse, of Frankensence, of the Tartare of the whyte wyne, of each thrée ounces, of chyldes vrine, and of good Hony▪ of eache eyght ounces, of the oyle of Turpentine thrée oun∣ces, of the oyle of Egges fowre ounces, of the oyle of Brymstone two ounces, of the oyle of wormes sixe ounces, of the oyle of Rose∣mary halfe an ounce, of the oyle of Bayes three drams: let al these be distylled by a Lymbeck: the first which commeth, delyuereth the person from the hote gowte: the seconde▪ from the cold gowte, and healeth any maner payne, in what part of the bodye so euer the same shall happen, and bée.

An oyle or water, which is named of vertue, & a drinck of youth: borrowed out of a highe Dutche or Germayne booke written, of one Michaell Schricke. Take of Sage leaues three quarters of a pounde, of Cynamon, of Cubebae, of Galingale, of long pepper, of Annise, of Mace, of Nutmegs, of Gynger, & of graynes of Para∣dize, of each halfe an ounce▪ these brought to powder, myxe artlye, which powre into sixe times so much wayght of good wyne as the whole, being in a tynne vessell, the same couer close, that nothing vapour or breath forth, & let so stand in a hote place for fowreteen dayes. At the ende of that tyme, seperate the wyne frō the spyces, Page  133 by a strayner, & beate the spyces then finer, that of the whole may be made lyke to a thicke broth or gruell, and with the aforesayde wyne ioyne the whole agayne, which then distyll according to art. This water distilled & come, powred eyther on fleshe or fishe, and lying couered in it, doth defend and keepe eyther from putry∣fying: and wyne commyxed with it, doth not suffer it to corrupt, but rather cleareth it, and if the wyne presently be corrupt, this spéedily restoreth it vnto perfection. This druncke fasting in the morning, consumeth impostumes, and all inner disseases, & hea∣leth also the outwarde grieffes, by fomenting on the places: it a∣mendeth besydes any maner grieffes of the eyes: and woundes, by applying of it vppon, within eyght dayes this closeth. This druncke, causeth myrth, and mayntaineth youth. This besydes a∣uayleth in the disseases of the head, and apoplexie. This water (to be briefe) may be compared to baulme, for it swymmeth aboue any other lycour myxt with it, except oyle: dropped on the fire, this burneth. It cureth the spottes of the face, and druncke, de∣fendeth or kéepeth backe the Leprie.

A certaine sublymaciō like to a baulme, in procuring of memory, borrowed out of (Michael angelus Blondus) of memory. In remē∣bring to orderly purge the stomack & head before, which done, pre∣pare of Frankensence, of Cubebae, of Cloues, of Nutmegs, of Ga∣lingale, & of Iuniper berries, of eache halfe a dram, of Cynamon three drams, of Castorie fatte, three drams, of Costus, and of long Pepper, of eache a dramme: all these brought to powder, myxe a due proporcion of Aqua vitae answerable to the whole: these put vp togither in a glasse body couered, set into horse doong to digest, for the space of a. xi. dayes or more, & longer time if you wyl: after this tyme ended, sublyme then this in Balneo Mariae, and to the sublymation adde, of Mellis anacardini two or thrée small ounces, and this then sublymed with the Hony, let be buryed againe in a glasse body vnder doong for ye space of two or thrée monethes, but let this doong be chaunged euery eyght dayes, least too much or to strong a heate may breake or cracke the glasse: by such a space of tyme, thi sublymacion shalbe then perfite, vnto the sharpning & quickening of memory. The vse of it is on this wyse, before you would apply for memory by a dayes space, annoynt the temples Page  [unnumbered] and hinder part of the head, and instyll one droppe into the nose∣threlles, after that, eate downe fasting in the morning certayne droppes, before you would reherse or vtter your Oration, or in any other manner (exercise of memory) for this is the worthyest medicine of procuring memory.

An holly oyle, which is very singular vnto diuers diseases, for it especially auayleth against any Canker and Fistula, & all olde griefes or diseases, borrowed out of a booke of secretes in writ∣ten hande. Take of olde oyle Olyue two pyntes, of olde whyte wyne and the best, fowre pintes, of cleare & the best Turpentine one pounde, of the seedes of Hypericon or Saint Iohns worte two pounds and one dram, of the white Dittanie, of the Tormentill rootes, and of the Gentian, of each one ounce: all these brought to pouder, and mixt togyther, putting the whole into a glasse bodie well stopped with paste, that no matter breath forth, procure that they may boyle in this manner. Let the said vessell be set into a culdron filled with water and straw and boyle there a time soft∣ly, after rayse it from the fier, and when it shalbe colde, put that vessel into a potte filled with sand, in such sort, that the whole ves∣sell be compassed and couered vnto the necke with the said sande, which set in a place where the sunne al the day shineth, and there let it stand, for fortie dayes. After drawe it out of the said sande, and set it in the vessell of sand, in such order and maner, that the sunne for eyght dayes fully, may with his beames wholly com∣passe about it, which time ended, straine ye whole through a newe lynnen cloath, and presse out strongly the remnant in a presse, the oyle after seperate from the wyne, and the same kéepe a part, put vp into a glasse close stopped. This distillation ought rather bée done in the moneth of Iuly or August, then in any other tyme. This oyle gotten, auayleth against the Fistula and Canker, if ey∣ther be washed before with the abouesayd wyne, and annoynted after with the sayde oyle, shall speedily and soone be cured. This yle also, helpeth all griefes, and paines of the synowes. This elpeth the ache of the hippes, the paynes of the ioyntes, & a colde gowte. And if a plaister be made of it, and Ammoniacum, doth then dissolue the impostumes of the spléene, and the hardnesse of it, in a shorte tyme, it doth the lyke helpe, all other hard impo∣stumes. Page  134 Thys auayleth in all passions of the eares procéedyng of a colde cause, it kylleth the wormes of the eares, and hel∣peth spéedily the hyssing, noyse, and deafenesse of them. This also helpeth the Palsie and drawyng awrye of the mouthe, if the same bee often annoynted wyth it. It prouoketh the termes, if of the same bee aptly applyed into the Matrice, and draweth forth the Embryo quicke or deade. If a lyttle of it be druncke, it dissolueth the curded blood in the bodye. If a small quantitie of thys oyle be commixed wyth the Syrope of Roses, doth then purge the Lunges of grosse and clammie humors, and such shorte winded. This marueylously helpeth all infirmities, and diseases of the eyes, but especially, the Cataractes. This druncke auaileth against poysons: for if the pacient shal drink a little of it, it extinguisheth any person. It speedily cureth the quartane and tertian Ague, if the backe and rydge bone bee annoynted wyth it agaynst the fyre, in the begynnyng of the fitte. Thys doth imme∣diately take away & delyuer the crampe or cōvulsion of wounds, if the same bée applyed warme on the place. This to conclude, healeth all woundes as well olde as new, yea better and perfecter in one day, then any other medicyne in a moneth.

A Lyniment or thynne oyntment, as M. Michael Angelus Blondus wryteth in his booke of memorie, which in vertue may bee compared to a Baulme choose (sayeth he) of the beste Tur∣pentyne thyrtie ounces, of the oyle of Bayes, sixe ounces, af∣ter that bring to powder, of gumme Elemi, of the Rosen of the Pyne apple trée, sixe drammes, of Sarcocolla two drammes, of gumme yuie, of Ammoniacum, of Bolellium, and of Fran∣kencense, of eache two drammes, of Masticke, of Aloes He∣paticke, of Castorie, and of Ladanum of eache one dramme, of Galbanum syxe drammes, of Xyloaloes an ounce and a halfe, of Cynamon, of Cloues, of Nutmegges, of Mace, of Gynger, of Pepper, of Galingale, of graynes of Paradize, of Cubebae, and of Zedoaria, of eache one ounce, Xylobalsamum, Carpobalsamum, of tormentill rootes, of the whyte Dyttanye▪ of Liuerwort, of Celondine, of both the greater & lesser Conslida, of eache one ounce and a halfe, these after the dilygent beating, myxe togyther, addyng to so much of Aqua vitae, as to make and Page  [unnumbered] bring the whole into a fourme and bodie, which leaue so for thrée dayes, the fourth day following, adde to it the Turpentyne, the oyle, and Rosen, & other of the gums which can not be powdered, these then sublime in a glasse body according to Arte, making in the beginning a soft fire, but continuing the fire vnto the end, and for that three kind of lycours are sublimed and gottē of the whole, as in the same, that the first which shall come, will then appeare yelowishe, the second and next oylie, but the third of a swartyshe colour, and as the chaunging of colours, euen so put vnder other receauers, kéeping each seuerall and a part, and those close stoppe with waxe, that no ayre breath forth. But this one thing doth the Authour admonishe and giue vs to vnderstande, that the fyre bee studiously cared for and looked vnto, vntill the sublimation of the whole shall be performed, for in the stopping or slaking of fyre in that time, the lycours could then not be throughly drawen & ga∣thered. These three lycours to be briefe, or rather this sublimati∣on tryple wise, be indewed with properties, agreeable or answer∣able to their degrees, yet the first of these lycours, is of lesser po∣wer in properties, then the other, and ye second weaker in vertue then the thirde, so that the thirde is mightier and worthier then both, or the other two. The report is, that besides the quickning and helping of memory, they represse the hollow vlcers, mayster the canker that it cleaueth not to the bone, they also sease convul∣sions, helpe colde rewmes, vanquishe the langours and griefes of the stomacke, and the colde tormentings of the body, especially of the Bowells, they cure also the noyse of the eares, the grieuous paynes of the teeth, helpe the synew drawen togyther or shrunke, and they dissolue harde gatherings and swellings they mayster and helpe many colde langours, and recouer memorie lost, by an∣noynting the hynder parte of the heade wyth it, it draweth downe and purgeth the heade of all humours offending, through the helpe of the roote Cyclaminus, put vp with it into the nose∣thrells, as the Authour reporteth and instructeth. After this, let the pacient swallowe downe, of the pilles of Hiera Mag▪ with Agaricke, one dram, and the day after draw vp certaine drops of this oyle into the nosethrells, in that this procureth ye vertues of the braine, quickneth vnderstanding, & recouereth memory. If so Page  135 be the temples and hynder part of the head, be annointed for cer∣tayne bayes with it.

This also is a certaine composition of a baulme: take of cleare Turpentine seuen ounces, which washe well in wyne, after take of Hony whyte, thrée pyntes, cleane skymmed ouer a softe fyre with a lytle wyne, to the same well clarifyed myxe very well the Turpentyne, powring vpon fowre pyntes of good Aqua vitae, to these then adde of Borrage, of Buglosse, of Baulme, of Sage, and of Lauender, of eache one handfull, of Hysope, of Camomyll, of Yarrow, of redde Roseleaues, of each halfe a handfull, of worme∣woodde one dram, of Rosemary two handfuls: to these after adde of Lignum aloes, of Xylobalsamum, and of the thrée Saunders, of each one dram, of Mace, of Nutmegs, of Cynamon, of Galingale, of Cloues, of Cubebae, of whyte Ginger, of long Pepper, of Saf∣fron, of Spykenard, of graynes of Paradize, of Cardamomum, of eache one dram, of Zedoaria halfe an ounce, of Squinanthum half a dram, of the ryndes of the cytrone, the séedes of the cytrone, of Stoechas, of eache one dram, of Calamus aromaticus, halfe a dram, of Carlina that is cardopacia two ounces, of Bistorta two drams, of Ireos or the flowre De luce, halfe an ounce, of Baye berryes, of Valerian, and of Polypodie, of eache halfe an ounce, of Lycoryse, and of Annise, of each halfe a dram, of Fennel séedes two ounces, of Colyander séedes prepared halfe an ounce, of that wythie on the mountaine, and of Cummine, of each one dram, of blaunched Almondes, halfe a pound, of Reysons of the Sunne washed with wyne, halfe a pounde, all these orderly stamped and beaten togy∣ther, put into the abouesayd bodye or Cucurbyte with the Hony & others. And if there be not sufficient of Aqua vitae, powre then more vpon the whole, letting these stand to digest for seuen dayes close stopped, after distyll the substance in syfted ashes, set within thrée fingers breadth of the bottome of the potte, & the ashes artly put about the bodye, the head and Receauer being artly luted in the ioyntes, that no ayre breathe forth, which after sublyme for fowre howers, with a verie soft & easie fyre (least the Hony boy∣leth vp) and a cleare water then yssueth & is gathered in the Re∣ceauer: after which, increase the fyre, and you shall see come a yellowe water, then drawe awaye the Receauer, putting vnder Page  [unnumbered] another glasse, which you shall like lute as the first, to the nose of the head, the first water then come, kéepe seuerall and a part, and strengthen or increase your fyre. And when the yelow colour in the water shall cease, make your fyre againe stronger then be∣fore, and a water blackishe wyll yssue, and when you shall see a fume aryse, then ceasse, for you haue drawen sufficient, whych water also kéepe a part, letting the Cucurbite then stand to coole in the Furnace, before the drawing forth. Into the first water put of fol•• Iudi, one dramme, of Amber one dramme, of Muske so much, and fifteene leaues or sheetes of Golde, which after the mixing diligently, keepe. If you will apply of this white water to the head, then adde to it of Bytonie or of Buglosse water one ounce, which mixe and drinke in the morning fasting. For this fortifyeth all ye members. To an ounce of Malmesie or good wine, adde a sponefull of this water, which myxed togyther will bée whyte as milke, the same drynke with a fasting stomacke two howers before meate, and it preserueth all the members. For the lyuer, vse of it with one ounce of the Succorie, Sage, Mulberie, or Endiue water. For the breast, and cough proceeding of a colde rewme, vse of it with Hysope water, or ye water of Louage. Vn∣to the heart, minister of it with Borrage or Buglosse water, or of Yarrow, with Wormewood or Baulme water, vnto ye stomacke. For the Lunges, with the water of Lung wort▪ mayden heare, or Polipodie. For the Splene, with ye water of Hartes tunge. For ye gyddinesse of the head, & Apoplexie, with the water of the Pyonie rootes, or Hypericone. For the Stone with ye Radish roote water, or the water of Alkekengi. In the retention or staying backe of vrine, with waterresse water, or the parcely, or sairage water. For the eyes, with Fennell, Celondine, or eye bright water. In the retention or staying backe of the Termes, with the water of Mugworte, or with the water of the rootes and herbes of Mader. In the ouer great fluxe of the termes, with the water of playn∣tayne, or Solanum. In ye harming or hurt of the matrice, through the ygnoraunce of the Mydwyfe, or of a colde cause, whereof shee can not after conceyue wih chylde, let hyr vse of this with the water of Valerian, or Bytonie, or Lyuerwoort In the spottes of the face, take of Pympernell water fowre drams or ounces, of Page  136 this water one dram or ounce, which after the myxing, annoynt the face with it, morning and euening, drincke also of this wa∣ter, with the water of Endiue, twyse or thryse in the wéeke. It cureth the Canker by annoynting with it, and dropped into the Fistula spéedily healeth it: this helpeth a colde ache in any of the ioyntes, by applying of it vpon. In Agues, adde to it of Folefoote halfe a handfull, which put into a glasse with a quarter of a pynte of Alome water, letting these stande to dygest for three dayes, which after shyfte into another glasse, then of these an hower be∣fore the comming of the fytte of the Ague, drincke one sponefull, and annoynt the Temples, the Nose, the pulses, the backe, and the Mylte. The Cytryne oyle hath many vertues, if the same shall be annoynted on grieffes. The blacke oyle is of great ver∣tue in the ioynt sicknesse, euen lyke to a baulme: and the whyte, is named the golden water.

Take of Lauender eyght ounces, of Sage so much, of Cyna∣namon, and of Mace, of eache one ounce, of Gynger, of Nut∣megges, of Cloues, of eache one ounce and a dram, of Rubarbe, and of Galingale, of eache one dram, of small Reysons two oun∣ces, of the graynes of Paradize, and of the redde Saunders, of each halfe an ounce, of Cubebae two drams, let the Reysons bée beaten a part, & the spyces put & laboured a part, which after put al togyther into a Cucurbyte, addyng to these one measure and a halfe of Malmesie or of other good wyne, the same then dily∣gentlye stoppe, setting it in newe earth towarde the Sunne for fifteene dayes, which after distyll by a Lymbecke, with a Receauer luted to it, and begynning with a softe fyre. Take of Turpentyne sixe drammes, of Diagridij fiue drammes, of Ginger two drams, of Mastick, & of white Saunders▪ of each one dram, of Sugar halfe a pound▪ of fine wheaten flower one pynte, make of the whole a thynne paste▪ which bake after the maner of hostes or wauer bread, of which take one or two in ye morning fa∣sting, with fleshe broth, or Pease broth, with Buglosse water. &c.

A most excellent oyle for the recouery of the weake memory, for the coldnesse and moysture of the braine: which very often proued on the Aucthour, and on many others, to his great umendation. Take of Rosemarie flowers, as many, as you thinke good, of Page  [unnumbered] these distyll a water: of this water then take one pynt, the same put into an vrynall bodye of Glasse, well fensed about with strong lute, into which after put of Nutmegges, of Cloues, of the graynes of Paradyze, of Cynamon, of Cubebae, of Mace, of Gynger, of eache one ounce, of Muske fowre carates (or sixteene graynes wayght) of long Pepper one dramme, of Saffron thrée drams, of Galingale two drams, all these brought to powder and myxed togyther, incorporate with the Rosemarye water, which let stande to putrifye for thrée whole dayes▪ after the setting in syfted ashes, distyll according to arte, and continue the fyre vnto the burning of the Feces, or that the Feces rest burned. After gette a pynt of the water of Rosemarye leaues distylled, which myxe togyther with the sayd water, alreadie distylled, these then powred into a strong glasse, and set into Balneo ouer the fyre, boyle vnto the consumption of the halfe: which done, take of the oldest oyle Olyue that you can finde one pynt, of oyle de Been one ounce, of Euphorbium, and of Castorie, of each fowre ounces, of Mustarde seedes sixe ounces, of Oleum sesaminum, of oyle D¦tiri, of the oyle of Hypericon or Saint Iohns woort, of Olei citri, of the oyle of Spyke, of Olei ex cibeto, of eache fowre drams: all these aboue vttered, put into the glasse bodye, which then stoppe close that no ayre breath forth, setting ye same after in horse doong, sufficientlie hote, for fortye dayes, at the end of which tyme, draw the glasse forth, letting it after stand in the Sunne for thrée whole monethes, and then haue you purchased the oyle thus prepared, vnto the abouesayde purpose. This is a lycour of such power and vertue, that ye same putteth away any impediment that may hin∣der memorye, by annoynting at night, before the going to bedde, all the head about, and the stomacke. But this especially is to be remembred & noted, that you may not vse this annointing, all the thrée Summer monethes, but in any tyme else throughout the yeare, you may vse it safely, and without any scruple or doubte. And for truth it is marueylous, and his working very great, and this I (sayth the Aucthour) haue often experienced, both on my selfe, and on many others, and haue alwayes séene & vnderstoode a myraculous working of it, in a maner incredible to be reported. Wherefore I wyshe all those, that would purchase a good & ready Page  137 memorie▪ to vse onely this singular oyle: setting a part all others inuented for the same purpose, as most vaine & fryuolous. This borrowed out of the most worthy practises, of the Greeke Leo∣narde Fiorauant.

A marueylous and dyuine oyle, borrowed out of the practyses, of the abouesayde Aucthour, Leonarde Fiorauant. Which reuy∣ueth the sicke, and in a maner dead, by receyuing a droppe or two of it by the mouth, in eyther broth, wine, or any other lycour: take of the blood of a healthfull young man, of Spermaceti, and of the marrow of a Bull, of eache one pound, of good Muske one ounce, of the ashes of the Olyue trée (or for lacke of it) of the young Oke tree two ounces, these after the dilygent working and incorpora∣ting togyther, put vp into a Retorte artlye luted and set into fine sande, which after distyll with an easie fire at the first, in artlie se∣perating the Elementes. For the first water which commeth wyll be whyte: the seconde, a cytrine or yellowe oyle: the thyrde lycour which commeth, wyll be of a reddishe colour, and of the greatest property, which is most profitable vnto diuers matters. But more of this vnderstande, in a place vttered before.

The making of a Baulme, borrowed out of the secretes of Ga∣briell Fallop. Take of good Turpentyne, halfe an ounce, of Xylo∣balsami as much, of cloues two ounces: these after the beating and labouring togyther, distyll according to arte: and the first which distylleth and commeth forth, is a water, the seconde an oyle, and the thyrde a Baulme.

Another Baulme borrowed out of the same Aucthour: tak of pure Turpentyne one pounde, of Aloes hepatick one ounce, of Myrre halfe an ounce, all these artlye grynded and myxed togy∣ther, distyll thryse ouer, and you shall then purchase a Baulme, seruing vnto all matters. But vnto the preseruation of dead bo∣dyes, the excellentest.

An oyle, preseruing the body in safetie a long tyme, and sharp∣ning or quickning the wytte, which is to be vsed after the exact purging of the bodie, and a reasonable dyet vsed the whyles or in the meane tyme. Take of the Phylosophers oyle three pyntes, of the oldest oyle Olyue▪ or at the least sublymed by a Lymbeck, and Olei de alcana, of ea••• two pyntes▪ of the fatte of a Moele, of a Page  [unnumbered] Wesell, and of a Beare, of eache two ounces, of Castorie thrée ounces, of the iuyce of Acorus fowre pyntes, of the iuyce of Rose∣marie flowers, of the iuyce of Bytonie, of each halfe a wyne pynt, of the iuyce of Clare, of the iuyce of the English Galingale, of each fowre ounces, of the wine of Candie two pynts, of burning water halfe a pynt, all these boyle with a verye soft fire, vnto a certayne consumption, adding to these after of Ladanum, stieped before i a sharpe or eager wyne, and well beaten, one dram and a halfe, of Nutmegges halfe an ounce, of Mace, of Cloues, of Euphorbium, of the three Peppers, of each two drams, all these dilygently bea∣ten, put into a vessell, close stopping it, which after let stande for thyrtie dayes, the whole then distyll according to art. The vse of it is in the wynter, and once in the weeke: but in the Summer tyme onely once in a moneth: the head before washed, and to the hynder part of the head, of this applyed, but the temples before being annoynted: Fumanellus.

A discripcion of Christes baulme borrowed out of the learned practises of Theophrastus Paracelsus: take of oyle Oliue one pint, of good wyne three pyntes, these myxt togyther in a strong glasse▪ set after into Balneo Mariae for a moneth, & of the oyle wyll a ly∣cour then be caused: but beware you fyll not the glasse to full, for sufficient wyll it be, if to a fowrth part it be filled. The alteration and amendment of Theophrastus: take of oyle Olyue one pynte, of the oldest redde wyne three pyntes, these after the myxing and distylled: adde to of the lycour of Hyperycone sixe ounces, of the lycour of Mumia fowre ounces, distyll the whole for a moneth in Balneo, and keepe to your vse: This auayleth in the woundes of the ioyntes.

The making of a blessed oyle for wounds, hapning on the head, which this oyle healeth dyuinely, whether there be a fracture of bones, or the perishing of the pannicles: & that further, in any o∣ther part of the body, where eyther the synewes, the muscles, or veynes be harmed, or any member besides, this blessed oyle hea∣leth most easily, and in a very short tyme, without any danger, or incombrance to the person wounded, & this many tymes experi∣enced of the Aucthour. The making of the blessed oyle, is on this wyse. Take of the oyle of the Fyr•• tree, 〈…〉ynd of Tur∣pentyne Page  138 most cleare and fayre, one pounde, of the whyles of new layde Egges sodden harde in water, and the yolkes taken forth, fowreteene ounces, of Rosen of the pyne aple tree▪ sixe ounces, of chosen Myrre three ounces, of gum yuie two ounces: all these art∣lye rought to powder, & mixed togyther, put into a Retort, strōg∣lie fensed with the lute of wisedome, the same after set in ashes, distyl with a most slow fire in the beginning, increasing after the fire by lytle & litle vnto the end of the worke, vntil that al the sub∣staunce be come, which wyll wholie be finished in .xxxvi. howers: this distyllation then gathered wyl be a water & oyle blackishe of colour, these seperate, kéeping eyther a part in a glsse: which oyle after the setling for a time, wil become redde, yet darck. And here note, that if you draw these with a very soft fire, you shal thē pur∣chase a better & sweter oyle, as Fallopio affirmeth of experience▪ in his booke of secreet. This oyle miraculously healeth al maner of woundes, & bruses, that especially happen on the head: for that singular Surgiane Gabriell Fallopio, dyd woonderful cures with it, among which, hée healed a plowman of two such long, & déepe cuttes on the head, that were fearefull to behold, besides a wound that passed through both sydes of his thyghe, that he healed onely with this oyle, & with such expedicion, that it were in a maner in∣credible to be reported: so yt where neede is of drying, there cannot be founde anything of greater vertue then this blessed oyle, so of∣ten and many tymes proued of Fallopio. Besides the gréeke Fio∣rauant reporteth, that it causeth heare to growe on the head, & the heares of the beard shedding, this stayeth, & causeth them to grow againe with expediciō, by annoynting the weake place, & the bare plae after a wounde this also helpeth the paine of the flanks, & re∣tention or staying backe of the ry••, by applying a glyffer pre∣pared with a lytle of this oyle with•• the body, & this it doth forth∣with. For it mightylie dryeth vp that alteracion caused in the secrete places within, where no loall matter can be applyed on the kydneys, nor otherwyse de••• withall. This oyle first inuen∣ted by the famous Greeke Leonarde Fiorauant, and increased by that worthy man Gabriell Fallopio▪〈…〉••most precious oyle for wor•••▪ whi••uer they be▪ borrowed out of the first chapter 〈◊〉, written by Bertapa••a. Take of Page  [unnumbered] the kernelles of Peaches, of bytter Almondes, of Gentiane, of wormewood, of Horehounde, or of Lupynes, of Colewort seedes, of the Peache tree leaues, of the ryuer or water Catmintes, of Ole∣andri, of Pellytorie, of whyte Elleborie, of the rootes of the long grasse, of eache halfe a handfull: all these dilygentlye brought to powder, and laboured with the gaule of a caulfe, and the iuyce of Leekes, and myntes, of each two ounces, of Neunphare oyle one ounce, of wormewood oyle two wyne pynts: all these after the di∣lygent myxing togither, set in horse doong to putrify for a moneth, in a strong glasse well stopped, which after distyll with a headde close luted, and you shall then purchase a water and an oyle, reuy∣uing and strengthning the disseased and sicke of the wormes, by taking two scruples of the water by the mouth, with Malmsie: & by annoynting of the oyle on the temples, & pulses of the hands and feete, and all about the body, and the mouth of the stomacke, and about the shoulder poyntes: By which doing, the Aucthour sawe many children, in a maner deadde of the wormes, recouer health in a short tyme after: and healed woundes with this oyle, and vlcers with expedicion.

Of Baulmes which are applyed and vsed without the bodye: of which some are prepared and done by distyllacion, and some without distyllation. The .x. Chapter.

AN artificiall Baulme, curing all olde woundes, & helping the drynesse of members, and the members shrunck: take of Gal∣banum, of Ammoniacū, of Mastick, of pure Myrre, of gum Elemi, of Bolellium, of eache halfe an ounce, of Turpentine one ounce and a halfe, or two ounces, which is the better, of oyle Oliue two pyntes, of Viridis aeris two ounces and a halfe, all these brought to powder, infuse for sixe or eyght dayes in the strongest vineger▪ after distylled by a Lymbecke, as in the first daye by Balneo Ma∣riae, and the next daye in sande: but if you wyll haue it stronger, & of better taste, then adde these vnder taught, and let it be brought and done as afore vttered: take of Storax calam••a; of gum yuie, of Spykenard, of Car••e, of olophonia, of gm Traga•••ite, of gum Serapine, of Opopanax, of each halfe an ounce, 〈◊〉ph•••∣bium,Page  139 halfe a dram, of Viridis aeris thrée drams, of Turpentine one pounde. This baulme cureth all olde woundes, in a colde and hote cause. It helpeth also the drynesse and shrincking of mem∣bers, if those shall be annoynted with that baulme.

A distylled oyle, helping the trembling or shaking of the hands: let equall portions of the oyle of Bayes, of Rue, and of Sage be distylled togyther, which after tenne dayes powre into a strong wyne, and distyll the whole in a Lymbecke: with this water ga∣thered, annoynt the handes, & feete, and the trembling members.

Another oyle helping the trēbling of the head: take al the aboue∣sayde, which put into Aqua vitae for fowreteene dayes, the whole distyll by a Lymbeck: and with this water annoynt the temples, both morning and euening. Here it is to be vnderstanded, that where he speaketh by the matters aboue taught, he meaneth not the oiles in this, but the Bay berries, the Rue, & Sage especially.

A distylled baulme helping and curing woundes, and deepe vl∣cers: take of Turpentyne sixe poundes, of Olibanum halfe an ounce, of Lignum aloes, of Masticke, of each one dram, of Cloues, of Cynamon, of Zedoaria, of Nutmegges, of Cubebae, and of Ga∣lingale, of eache thrée drammes, of oyle Olyue sixe drams, these brought to powder and myxed, distyll with a slowe fire: this hel∣peth the colde poysons of Toades, Fistulaes, Noli me tangere, the Palsie, and venymous woundes with or by a Tente. Here in this place besides is to be noted, after the mynde of Theophrastus Paracelsus, that baulmes prepared and gotten by distyllation, are not to be applyed at all on woundes, of which let others iudge.

An oyle effectuous and proued, for softning of the synewes, or palsie, and the shrincking of them, or the crampe, the falling sick∣nesse, or Epileptia, the trembling of partes, and any colde disease: it increaseth also memorie, & the vnderstanding. Take of Galba∣num halfe an ounce, of gum yuie fiue ounces, these after the brin∣ging to powder, distyl in a Lymbeck, & mixed after with one poūd of Sebesten, distyll the whole againe: with this annoint the hinder part of the head, and the nape of the necke at nyght, before the en∣tering into bedde: this borrowed out of Fumanellus.

The best oyle, seruing vnto all the synewes, & vnto the ioyntes, & helping marueylously all the aches, hapning in the hyppes, the Page  [unnumbered] knées, the handes, and féete, the bodye before purged▪ after the begynning of the sycknesse: and let the grieued place be annoyn∣ted at the fyre, or in the Sunne, twyse a daye. Take of chyl∣drens vryne twentye pyntes, of Brymstone one pounde, of vnflaked, Lyme two poundes, let the Brymstone and Lyme bee brought to powder, and the Vryne •••tyng a hande breadth aboue them, which boyle togyther, vntyll it shall come vn∣to a gréene colour, after the strayning, boyle agayne the grosser partes and Feces remayning, with the other parte of the Vryne restyng, and thys doe three or fowre tymes, (and so often) vntyll the vryne hath leste his colour: and seeth that whiche remayneth, vnto the thycknesse of Honny, being colde, distyll in a Glasse bodye: the same which fyrste commeth forth in the colour of water, throwe awaye: and the nexte which commeth, being of a yellowe collour, through the fire increase, dylygentlye keepe.

Another of the same mans.

An oyntmente helping Synewes cutte a sunder, in what parte of the bodye they shall so happen, puttyng awaye swel∣lyngs, and all manner of hardnesse in the fleshe, the Can∣ker, the hollye fyre, and any payne of woundes, and bru∣ses, and worketh more in one weeke, then any other me∣dycine in a moneth.

A certayne Phisition (of small vnderstanding) promysing and vnder takyng muche, confessed that hée healed many dis∣seases, with this medycine alone, as any manner vlcers of the Synewes, the grieffes of the wyntes, convulsions, and swellinges, and to bée brieffe, to doe more matters, than maye decentlye bée written: the making of which, is on this wyse: let thrée poundes of newe puryfied waxe be taken, and stieped in twelue wyne pyntes of the strongest whyte wyne: the waxe soked through, let it be wrynged harde with the hande, and put after into another vessell of the lyke bygnesse, ha∣uing so many pyntes of wyne, and through wrong the waxe harde prepared, and the waxe put into a bodye, which distyll af∣ter arte, thrée tymes ouer, this kéepe to your vse.

Page  140

Another of the same mans.

The best oyle for the Canker, and Fistula: take of the ol∣dest oyle Olyue two pyntes or thrée, distylled with a suffi∣cient small fyre, continuing for twelue dayes, the same which shall come, and bée gotten, helpeth the paynes of the ioyntes, and grieffes of the Synewes▪ the same which remayneth ee groundes in the bottome of the vessell, helpeth Cankers, and Fistulaes, and by myxing Caphura with it, worketh the perfyter.

Another of the same mans.

A water or oyle of great efficacye in healyng woundes: Take of washed Turpentyne, of the flowers of Saint Iohns woort, so much as you wyll, of Olibanum in powder, of oyle Olyue, and of freshe butter, of eache a lyke wayght, but lyttle in quantitye, these distyll in a Lymbecke, that which first commeth kéepe to your vse, and by increasing the fyre, that which next commeth serueth for woundes.

This lykewyse of the same mans.

A blessed oyle for woundes, out of the secretes of Fallopio: reade in the ende of the other Baulmes, more at large vttered their in this place; wherefore (for repiticion sake) here wylling∣lye omytted.

An artificiall Baulme, for the healing of woundes, bor∣rowed out of the Italian secretes, of the famous Chyrurgi∣an Gabriell Fallopio: Take of the cleare Turpentyne, one pounde and a halfe, of the oyle of Bayes, of Galbanum, of gumme Arabicke, of gumme yuie, of eache one ounce, of Fran∣kensence, of Lignum aloes, of Galingale, of Cloues, of Nut∣megges, of Consolida minor, of Cynamon, of Zedoaria, and of Gynger, of eache sixe drammes, of the whyte Dyttanie, and of Lyquide storax, of eache two ounces, of Leuaunte Muske, and Amber greece, of eache one dramme, all these brought to powder, and myxed togyther, powre into eyght pyntes of Aqua vitae, fowre tymes distylled ouer, which let stande togy∣ther for eyght dayes, in a glasse Retorte. At the eyght dayes ende▪ dystyll the whole in an open Furnace, begynnyng with a softe fyre, and a whyte water •••eweth as Mylke: Page  [unnumbered] which diligently followed, you shall after sée, a clearer water come, then chaunging your receauer put vnder an other, gathe∣ring the cleare water apart. In this water is a whytishe oyle contained, which must also be seperated and kept. This water, is named the water of Baulme, and the oyle, the oyle of Baulme. After this, will an other water come, whytishe as common wa∣ter, which when it beginneth to waxe & come forth black, chaunge then the receauer, putting vnder another, and this is named the second water of the Baulme. After increase the fyre, & a Baulme blacke in colour▪ will then follow and come, whose fume stinc∣keth: The worke or distillation ended, seperate the blacke water, from the blacke Baulme, that which remaineth in the bottome of the vessell, kéepe in a glasse, the same standing open for a good space that the fumes may passe, becommeth sweete of smell. The first water annoynted on the head, helpeth the rewme, deafnesse, the Leprie, the weakenesse of sight, and marueylously healeth wounds. The oyle of Baulme doth spéedily dissolue, bruses, bew∣tifieth the face, preserueth youth, and is a diuine medicine in the piercing and searching of wounds, if the same be annoynted, and drunke in wine The second water, giueth a comelynesse of face, if once in the day it be washed with it. The Baulme also, doth ex∣cell the naturall Baulme in properties. The black water sepera∣ted from the Baulme auaileth in all wounds, procéeding of a cold matter &c. It is (to be briefe) the most precious and surest remedy vnto many diseases.

An oyle of great efficacie and power, in the closing of wounds, singular and experienced. Take of Turpentine two poundes, of the flowers of Saint Iohns woortten drams, of Frankencense in pouder two ounces, of commō oyle fowre ounces, of fresh, butter without any salt three ounces, all these mixed togither distill in a Limbeck, & the same which first commeth, gather vnto your vse, but that which remaineth in the bottome of the vessell, distil with a fire encreasd, the same gathered is mightier in the healing of wounds. This out of Fumanellus.

A singuler oyle, helping the griefe & paine of the synewes and ioyntes. Take of the oyle of Turpentine one pinte, of newe gum Iuie six ounces, of pure lyquid veuishe, of Frankensence, of ech Page  141 two ounces, these mixed togither, distill in a Limbecke, which keepe to your vse. This out of the same Authour.

An oyle, or oyntment sharpning the witte, & increasing memo∣rie, out of Fumanellus. Take of Stoechias, of Rosemary flowers, of Buglosse flowers, of Borrage flowers, of Camomyll flowers, of Maioram, of Sage, of Baulme, of Violet flowers, of red Rose lea∣ues & of Bay leaues, of ech, one ounce & a half, al these put vp in∣to a glasse body strongly luted with fowre pints either of Malme∣sie, Rennishe wine, or Aqua vitae, let these so stande to infuse for fiue dayes, & distilled, adde to it of the best Turpentine, one poūd & a halfe, of Olibanū, of chosen Myrre, of Masticke, Bolelliū, & of gum Iuie, of each two ounces, of Vernicis integrae, one ounce, of Mellis anacardi, three ounces, all these brought to pouder & infused for fiue dayes with the foresaide distillation, in a boddy with a head close luted, distil againe, adding to it of Cinamon, of Cloues of Mace, of Nutmegs, of Cardamomum, of graines of Paradize, of the long and round Pepper, of Ginger, Xyloaloes, & of Cubebae of each one ounce, all these finely brought to pouder. To these adde of Muske & Amber gréece, of each two drams, al these mixed togither distill (after that these added & put into the former distil∣lation haue remained fiue dayes) the fire in the beginning softe, encrease after by little & little, vnto thend of the worke. The vse of it, is, yt the same may be applied in the winter time once in the weeke, but in the sōmer time once in a moneth▪ ye head before be∣ing washed, ye temples & hinder part of the head anoint with it.

An oyle helping the gowte, borrowed out of a writtē booke, tak of Carpobalsamum, of Xylobalsamum, of red corral, of long Pep∣per, of Nutmegs, of each two ounces, of Saffrō one ounce, of the fat of a Beuer, of the fat of a Grype, or of the kydneys of a Wea∣ther, of the marrow of the bones of an Asse, or of an horse, of each fowre ounces, of Turpentine six ounces, of olde oyle Olyue, one pint, of virgin waxe fowre ounces, of olde Malmesie two pintes, of liue water frogges xxx. in number, of the iuyce of the toppes of Canes or reedes, of the iuyce of the wal yuie, which yeldeth yelow seedes▪ of the iuyce of ye rootes of Veruaine, of each fowre ounces, all these beaten a part, & put after into a Limbecke, distill with a soft fire. The first water which cōmeth, will be cleare, & helpeth Page  [unnumbered] the moyst gowte: the thirde water gathered, wyll be redde, which auayleth in the colde gowte: and this remember, that the frogges ought to be put alyue into the Lymbecke, for this is an approued mdicine, and alwayes found true.

A marueylous oyle in the palsie, and shrincking of synewes, the falling sicknesse, & the crampe, and helpeth any colde sicknesse, in∣gendred of a cold cause. Take of Galbanum halfe a pound, of gum yuie three ounces, these brought to powder & myxed togyther, dy∣styll in a Lymbeck after art, the water & oyle distylling forth, ga∣ther in a receauer, into which put one ounce of the oyle of Bayes, & one pound of good Turpentine, the whole throughly myxed, dy∣styl againe, the oyle & water then gathered, seperate the one from the other, and the oyle keepe as a Baulme: for it matcheth and is lyke to the baulme in all his vertues. A certayne practyser, ap∣plyed one droppe of the oyle, on the pacientes forehead of the pal∣sie, and another on his nauell, & he ncontinent arose, as amased of him selfe, and was after an howre, delyuered of the grieuous payne of a wound, in a certayne place of the body: and the shrinc∣king of synewes he annoynted with this oyle, & the pacient was speedily healed. And in other sicknesses and grieffes, was this oyle diuerslie proued, and founde to be of great efficacye. The hynder part of the head annoynted with it, at the going to bedde, and that in the morning he eateth one dram wayght of the Reysons of the Sunne, it quickeneth (in a short tyme) the memorie: This oyle helpeth the defenesse, and any sicknesse procéeding of a cold cause, & helpeth besydes the losse of smelling: this borrowed out of the Breuiarie of Arnoldus de villa noua••• the Chapter of the palsie.

An oyle of many vertues, but auayling especially in wounds, borrowed out of the secretes of Fallopio: take of cleare Turpen∣tine two poundes, of the oyle of Lyne séede one wyne pynt, of the Rosen of the Pyne tree sixe ounces, of Frankensence, of Myrre, of Aloes, of Mastick, and of Sarcocolla, of ech two ounces (of Mace, of Saffron, & of Lignum aloes, of each two ounces) but these thrée last, adde to if you wyl. All these wrought togyther, put into a Re∣torte of glasse strongly fenced, which artly distyll in sand, with a verie soft fire in the beginning, & a cleare water shall come: but a redde oyle within a whiles after wyl distyl forth, which séene, be∣gyn Page  142 then to increase your fyre, and stronger & stronger vnto the end of the distillation or that all be come, after take away the re∣ceauer, and seperate the water from the oyle, which kéepe apart in seuerall glasses. The water within a time, waxeth redde, & the oyle will become of a Rubine colour. This oyle is precious, espe∣cially to be applyed on woundes, where the synewes, the bones, and vaynes be cutte, for by closing or stitching the partes and lippes of the wound, and applying of this lycour vpon, it healeth the same speedily, without any griefe & paine to the pacient. And Falloppio on a time, cured a scholler (being a young man) with this lycour, which had fourteene woundes, & of these eyght were deadly, by sowing or stitching all the wounds, and applying on∣ly of this lycour vpon, was in the space of thyrtie dayes through∣ly cured, without annoyance to the pacient. And of the wounds, of small importaunce, he healed a great number, within fowre or fiue dayes, with the sayd oyle, and vsed none other, so that he con∣cludeth and prooueth this oyle to be singular in his properties, & that a mā with it may do myracles, in applying of it on wounds, and ruptures.

An artificiall Faulme helping and putting awaye the scarres of woundes, if after a stripe, a great scarre shall remayne on the face, or in any other partes of the body: then with this Baulme following may you remoue a scarre, not wholly or altogyther, but in such sort, that it shall be little séene of any. Take of Mastick one ounce, of the ryndes of the swéete Pomegranates, & of gum Arabicke, of each halfe an ounce, of Saffron two drams, of Eng∣lish Galingale, one ounce, of Carpobalsamū, half an oūce, of Aloes ten drams, of Frankensence one ounce, of Myrre one ounce, of Turpentine of the Fyrre tree half a pound, of old oyle Oliue one ounce, those to be beaten, bring to pouder, & after the mixing to∣gither, put the whole into a Retort of glasse strongly fensed with the lute of wisdome, which order distill with a soft fire in the be∣ginning, and increasing after the fire by litle and litle vnto yt end. The receauer after the close sealing or stopping (after art) set into Balneo Mariae, or burie in horse dung for ten dayes, which then drawe forth, and vse. This perfourmeth the same, which the Baulme doth, in all proofes.

Page  [unnumbered]The confection of a baulme, which is named a gréekes baulme, borrowed out of Tarquinius Schnellen bergius: take of Turbith two ounces and a halfe, of Rhapontick fowre ounces, of Rubarb one ounce and a halfe, of long Pepper, and of Cloues, of each two drams, of Gynger one ounce two drams, of Zedoaria one ounce, a halfe, and two drams, of Nutmegges seuen drams, of Cardamo∣mum one ounce, a half, and two drams, of Cubebae, eyght drams, of Cynamon thre ounces, of the rootes of Pympernell one ounce, of Annise sixe ounces, of Sugarcandie thrée ounces & two drams, al these beaten a part or seuerallie, take after of oyle Oliue fowre pyntes, of the oyle of Lyne seede one pynt, of the iuyce of worme∣wood halfe a pynt: Let the oyles be first heated, after put in the powders, but beware that you heate not the oyles ouer hote. Af∣ter the putting vp of the whole nto a Retorte (or if you had rather in a Cucurbite) distyll thrise ouer.

A secrete water of good accoumpt, which putteth away spottes, whitneth the skynne, taketh away spottes, wrinckles, & pimples, causeth besydes, a cleare & most comely face, borrowed out of Ber∣tapalia: take of Turpentyne sufficient cleare two pounds, and of the same drawe a water by a Lymbecke, to the same distylled and come of the Turpentine, adde these powthered, of chosen Masticke halfe an ounce, of the whyte & pure Frankensence thrée drams, of Tragacanthi halfe an ounce, all these dilygently mixed togyther with the abouesayd water, put after into a Lymbecke, & distyll the substaunce with a very easie fire, that which then com∣meth keepe in a glasse, close stopped. After take of Barrowes greace strayned through a thyck cloath, one pound, of chosen Gin∣ger one ounce, of Cloues two drams, of Nutmegs three in num∣ber, of chosen Cynamon, & of Euphorbium, of eache halfe a dram, of Spykenard two drams, of Cubebae halfe a dram, of Camphora thrée drams, all these after the finelye brynging to powder, myxe artlie with the sayde Barrowes greace.

Also take of crude Mercurie thrée poundes, of fine syluer one dram, ye siluer finely file to pouder, chopping ye pouder ouer again, which after myxe with the sayd Mercury, & of these two make an argenture, incorporate then al these dilygētly with the abouesaid mixture of barrows greace putting altogither into a glasse body, & Page  143 setting the headde artlye vpon, distyll with a softe fyre in the be∣gynning, but after increase the fire stronger vnto the ende of the worke, and the same which commeth forth & is gathered in the Receauer, powre into a glasse, dilygentlye keeping the same to your vse. After take of the first Turpentyne water halfe a pynt, and of this other myxte with the Barrowes greace one pounde, and these two artlie myxed keepe in a glasse close stopped. And when any woman wyll vse this water, let hir w she hir face well before, with the water of the decoction of branne, after wy∣ping verye drye hir face, let hir pause an howre after, and by applying of this water on all the face with a fine lynnen cloth wette in it, wyll then cause such a comely whitenesse to appeare, that wyll endure or continue many dayes after.

An oyle hauing the properties of a Baulme borrowed out of a written booke: take of chosen Turpentyne two ounces, of the rootes of Campherie, and of Symphiti Petraei, cutte into square Tables and thynne one pounde, and of the rootes of Vlmi sixe ounces, of the leaues of the wylding tree, of horse tayles, of yarrowe, and of hearbe Iudaica, of each two handfulles, of rype Dates with theyr kernelles a lytle brused, tenne in number, of gum Elemi halfe an ounce, chosen Myrre, of Beniamyne, and of Storax Calamyta, of eache two ounces, of Frankensence, and of Masticke, of eache three ounces, of Nutmegs one dram & a halfe, of wormes dilygently washed with redde wyne, one ounce and a halfe, of redde Rose leaues, of Spykenarde▪ and of the flowers of Saint Iohns woort, of eache one lytle handfull, of the leaues of Vlmi with his licour two in number, of Oxe eye brought to pou∣der two drams: all these laboured and artlye myxed togyther, put into a Lymbecke with a head close stopped about, which dy∣styll after with a softe fyre. The first lycour that commeth, is shynne: the seconde that followeth is an oyle, supplying the pro∣perties of a baulme, which is most effectuous in the closing and curing of new woundes, and fylling the hollownesse with ••she, or vnto other great vlcers, and olde grieffes, and vnto many o∣thers much helping. This oyle ought dilygently to be stopped in a glasse, with a narrow mouth, that adverue of it breath forth.

Page  [unnumbered]

Of the Baulmes not distylled. The .xi. Chapter.

AN oyle supplying the properties of a baulme, in the curyng of wounds, borrowed out of a written booke: take of the flowers and hearbes of Saint Iohns woort as much as you wyll, those put into glasse with a narrow necke and mouth, fylling the same full with olde oyle Olyue, or common oyle, setting the same after in the sunne, for fifteene dayes, at the end of which tyme, powre into it, halfe a cup full of whyte wyne, & labouring altogyther, set the glasse close stopped, into hote horse doong for fifteene or twentye daies, which after the drawing forth bind about with a smal hand of haye, into which put then of Myrre, of Mastick, of Venice Tur∣pentine, and of Rosen, of each two ounces, or according vnto the quantity of the oyle prepared, and let all these be finely brough to powder, before the putting in, & the glasse then close stopped, that no ayre breath forth, set after into a kettle of water ouer the fire, letting the substaunce in the glasse boyle for a certaine tyme: and after the same shall be sufficientlye boyled, strayne the whole, through a common strayner, and the refuse throw away: the oyle preserue in a glasse close stopped, which the older it shal be before the occupying, the greater wyll be his effectes: and when you wyll vse of it, heate the oyle a lytle before.

Another baulme curing wound: take of gum yuie, & of Myrre, of each one ounce, of gum Elemi, of Colophoni, of Frākensence▪ of Masticke, of Storax calamita, of Lignum aloes, of Saffron, of Dragons blood, of each halfe an ounce▪ of Sarcocolla of Ammoni∣acum, of Opopanax; of Bolellium, of the long Aristolochia, of Ca∣storie, of gum Arabick, of Nutmegs, of Cloues, of aules▪ of ech one dram, of Ladanum, of Storax liquid, of each half an ounce, oAqua vitae▪ fowre ounces, of Turpentine one pounde, of olde oyl two pyntes, of the oyle of thorough waxe made of the symple flowre halfe a pynte, all these orderlie put into a glasse, boyle in Balneo Mariae, as aboue taught.

A good baulme of many vertues, but it doth peculiarly close and heale ••lde woundes, without leauing manifest sygnes of scars, this also cleanseth the eyes, preserueth the fleshe from putrify∣ing, Page  144 and doth marueylously helpe the swelling of the ioyntes, and payne of the hote gowte, this borrowed out of a wrytten booke of secretes, in the Italian tongue: take of the lycour of the blad∣ders of Vlmus, the same strayne through a lynnen cloth, putting it after into a glasse, which set in sande to digest for fiftéene dayes (the same lycour strayning euerie thyrde daye) after set this in the Sunne, for two whole monethes. And note, that this ought to be prepared and made, from the midle of the moneth of March, vnto the mydle of Iune.

Another, take of oyle Olyue two ounces, of whyte pytche one ounce, of Galbanum halfe a dramme, let all these be molten, with one dram of the oyle of Romayne vitryoll, with thrée ounces of the oyle of Poppie, with fowre ounces of the oyle of bytter Al∣mondes, with one ounce of the oyle of Olybanum, those that are to be brought to fine powder, myxe with the oyle. The inuentour of this is vnknowne to the Aucthour.

Another out of the secretes of Gabriell Fallopio: take the iuyce of Léekes, and the iuyce of Myntes, of each a lyke, which powred into a glasse, set in the Sunne all the Dogge dayes, and the same shall after be a syngular baulme.

Another of Tarquinius Schnellen bergius: take of Masticke, of Olibanum, of eache two drams, of Ammoniacum one dram, of Galbanum thrée drams, of Bolellium sixe drams, of Opopanax one dram, of Ladanum halfe an ounce, of Assa foetida one ounce and a halfe, and thrée drammes, of gumme yuie two drammes, of gumme Arabicke halfe a dramme, of Turpentyne two ounces, and a halfe, of Camphora halfe an ounce, of oyle Olyue two pyntes, all these dyssolue and mealt in a panne with a soft fyre, scurring the whole strongly about, after adde of Viridis aeris fine∣lie powthered, halfe an ounce, boyle the whole againe a litle more vnto the chaunging greene of colour, which after straine through a cloth, kéeping the same artly in a glasse, by stopping the mouth of it with sylke.

Another, which receaueth all those, which are required vnto the true baulme, it easilye pierceth all woundes, & on what woundes soeuer this is applied, it spedily healeth them: take of ye white Ro∣sen two drams, let this be dissolued in good wyne, after strayne it Page  [unnumbered] through a linnen cloth, this lycour boyle with a soft fyre, vnto the consumption of the wyne, after take one pynt of oyle Olyue, in which dissolue the Rosen with a soft fyre, this done take of gum Ammoniacum, of Galbanum, of Opopanax, of each one ounce, of gum Elemi two ounces, which myxe togyther or styrre so long a∣bout, vntill the same shalbe throughly prepared to vse.

Another, of the same mans, take of Galbanum, of Ammoniacū, and of Bolellium, of eache halfe an ounce, of Myrre, of Masticke, and of Olibanum, of each two drams, of Turpentine two ounces, of Verdigresse halfe an ounce, of oyle Olyue one pynt and a half, let the gums be stieped for thrée dayes in wyne vineger, in such maner, that they may wholly be couered of the vyneger, then let them be boyled with the oyle, in an earthen potte glased, vnto the consumption of the vyneger, after straine the whole through a lynnen cloth, wringing out the substance throughly, then finely make the gréene Verdigresse into pouder, which diligētly worke and dissolue with the oyle Olyue, and added to the lycour pressed out, boyle the whole, vntill it come vnto ye perfy colour of grene∣nesse, which diligently kéepe in a glasse.

Another, seruing vnto all newe and old woundes, especially to those hapning on the head, take of Turpentine twelue ounces, of gum Elemi fiue ounces, of Rosen fowre ounces, all these melt to∣gither, and when they shalbe moltē, adde the pouders following, of Aristolochia long a two ounces, of Dragōs bloud thrée drams, with which let a masse be made after arte.

A Baulme not distilled seruing vnto all vlcers and woundes, and through the applying with tentes, this then mundifyeth and healeth. Take of the oyles of Turpentine, of lyne seede, of sweete Almondes, and of Roses, of each one ounce, let the oyle of Roses boyle in a glasse, with the grene Verdigresse, as much as you can take vp on a knyues poynt, and whē it hath boyled a litle, straine the same through a cloth, myxing it after with the other oyles.

Another, take of Turpentine one ounce, of the Iuice of rype Lemmons, two ounces, these after the putting int a possenet or skellet, set in such maner ouer the fyre, that it toucheth not the possenet, which let boyle vnto the consumption of an ounce, after take vp a little with an Iron spattle, and ••still sundry droppes Page  145 on a cold stone, which so often doe, vntyl it shalbe of a redde colour: this then vse, as the ryght and perfite baulme. This borrowed out of the secretes of Fallopio.

An oyle curing the prickings of the synewes, & wounds: of a prac∣tisioner vnknowne to the Aucthour. Take of the Rosen of the pyne trée, two ounces, of cōmon oyle one ounce & a halfe, of Turpentine one ounce, all these molten togyther, strayne dilygently, to which after adde of Frankensence, of Masticke, of each one dram, of gum Elemi two drams, of this applie hote on sylke to the place.

The discriptiō of a baulme in wounds of the bones, borrowed out of the practises, of Theophrastus paracelsus: Take of the greace of Mumia, of the iuyce of S. Iohns woort, of Centory, & of Sophia, of each seuen ounces, of the lycour of Myrre, of Masticke, & of Fran∣kensence halfe an ounce, of Litharge prepared, of the lycours of Centorie, Trebanae, Spicariae, Pastonicae, of each one dram, of ye oyle of Baies vnto the waight of al, these bring into a baulme after art.

A compound oyle, prooued many tymes, helping spedily such that be poysoned: the making of which is on this wyse. Take of the ol∣dest oyle Olyue one pynt, of Aloes hepatick, of Ruberbe, of Spyk∣narde, and of Myrre, of each fowre drams, of Turpentine, of white Dittany, of Gētiane, of Bistorta, of Camphery, & of Madder, of ech fowre drams, of Triacle, & Methridate, of each thrée drams, of lyue Scorpions thrée score in nūber, but let the Scorpiōs before be boy∣led in Balneo for fowre howers, after adde to them all the others, letting the whole thē boyle for other fowre howers, which after the strayning, kéepe dilygently in a glasse, close stopped. For this vn∣doubtedly is, a diuine lycour in such an accident, in which as you perceyue the Scorpions be, that are venemous beastes, and theyr venome auayleth against venome, & such as are poysoned, euen as one poyson (of propertie) driueth out another, & as we dayly sée that a person through druncke, by drincking after the iuyce of the Cab∣bedge with wyne, doth sone after become sober, which the wyne a∣lone doth not. A lyke to this, that if a man happen to be burned in any place with fire, that the presentest remedie is, to burne the same place againe, as a soueraigne helpe experienced. And a lyke also to this, that if a man happen to be deepe wounded, that he shed∣deth of the same much blood, the next remedie then is, as hath bene Page  [unnumbered] many tymes tryed, to let the pacient bléede of a veyne. By these & many other lyke reasons, the Aucthour here proueth, that to dryue forth poysons, a man ought to doe those, with the kyndes aunswe∣rable to them. But in such maner prepared, that the matter alter not, & be by that meanes, a more harme to the poysoned. For that cause, the maner of applying the oyle against poyson, ought on this wyse be done: when any needeth ye vse of this remedy, let the paciēt then be outwardly annoynted with it, and take immediatly two drams of it by the mouth, with whyte vineger, as well in the mor∣ning, as at night before the going to bedde, & he shall throughly be cured of any great poyson. Vnlesse it be eyther Sublimatum, or dy∣amonde, which this remedy helpeth not, in that they be no poysōs, yet deadly myneralles, that in no maner can dygest, nor their euyl effect but lytle mytigated. Notwithstanding if any shall be intoxi∣cated with Sublimatum, he needeth then no other, but to bath him selfe in Vineger, to drincke plenty of mylke, to eate often butter, & to drinck the whaye of mylke, at a sure & true remedy experienced. It shall also be good & necessary, that the pacient vomitte once a day for a tyme, for the readier purging & emptying of the stomacke of that matter. This borrowed out of the Gréeke Fiorauant.

The best oyle, for the helping of Scroffles, freshe & new begun, especially on children, which y it are soone healed, borrowed out the breuiary of Arnoldus de villa noua: take of the rootes of Tapsia, and of the Radishe, of ech one dram, of the old oyle Olyue two oun∣ces, let this oyle with the rootes well beaten be put togyther into a glasse, or into any other vessell, which after put into a kettle of wa∣ter, set ouer the fire, letting it there stande vnto a consumpcion of halfe the water in the kettle: of this oile warme, instyl two or thrée droppes into the eare of the pacient, on that syde where Scroffles be, and let this be done many tymes. And if through the oyle, the care shall be heated, or swell, in so much that some rottennesse or matter beginneth to yssewe forth: conceaue then that onely a lytle of this oyle hote, put thus euery nyght in the eare, may so cure such Scroffles, & the matter of them by the same shall so be emptied and wholy purged. And vse or perseuere with this oile, after the aboue∣sayd maner, vntyll the pacient be throughly cured. But if the eare shall neyther swell, nor runne any thing, then may you vse other Page  146 apte reméedies to the purpose.

An oyle, or certaine great lycour of the famous gréeke Leonarde Fiorauant, being a composition of most excellent vertue, in sundry workings: the making of which, is on this wyse. Take of oyle O∣lyue twenty pyntes, of whyte wyne two pynts, these boyle gently togyther vnto the consumpcion of the wine, or vnto al the wyne be gone away in smoake. Which after powre into an earthen potte glased, stopping the mouth very close with clay, the same then bury two cubites déepe or more in the earth, and let it there so stand co∣uered with earth for sixe monethes. But the tyme when to bury or set this potte into the earth, ought to be about the first or second day of August, & to be drawne or taken forth of the earth agayne, must be in the moneth of Februarie: which opened, the oyle wyll then appeare, as if it were fyftie yeares olde. But when you mynde to bury the potte, then put in these insewing: of Rosemary flowers, three poundes, of Lignum aloes sixe ounces, of Frankensence, and Bolellium, of each ten ounces. And after the drawing forth of the potte, and setting it in the Sunne, adde these folowing: of Sage, of Rosemary, of Rue, of Byttonie, of yarrow, of the roote of Camphe∣rie, of Tamarisci, & of Bryonie, of each one handfull, of Galingale, of Cloues, of Nutmegs, of Spykenard, and of Saffron, of each one ounce, of Sarcocolla, of Dragons blood, and of Masticke, of each two ounces, of Aloes hepaticke, and of Rosen of the Pyne trée, of eache eyght ounces, of Gréeke pytche one pound, of yellow waxe, and of Barrowes greace, of ech eyghtéene ounces, of S. Iohns woort with the seedes two pounds, of Muske one dram, these after the dilygent myxing togyther, boyle in Balneo, vntyll the hearbes appeare drye in it, and that no more substaunce seeme to bée gotten out of them, which after the being on such wyse, drawe them forth, and straine them through a cloath: to the lycour adde for ech pound wayght, sixe drams of the natural baulme (of Fiorauants inuention.) And when September is come, to it adde (in that moneth) two pounds of the freshe fruites, of that hearbe named Balsami which be redde: this done, you haue then the greater lycour prepared and in a redinesse, which dilygently stoppe that no ayre breath forth: and this lycour also, the older it shal be before the occupying, the better it worketh. For this is of such a vertue, that it healeth consumpcions, and Page  [unnumbered] dropsies, in the ministring foure drams waight of it, with one oūce of the syrupe of Roses hote by the mouth, euery morning fasting: which for forty dayes thus giuen, doth throughly cure them. This also is a true & perfite oyntmēt, with which Petechiae are through∣lie cured, by annoynting the places sundry tymes with it. And any wounded, and hauing the veynes, the sinewes, and bones cutte, by closing or stitching the wounds, & applying of this oyle vpon hote, shall in short tyme be cured, without any alteracion or great paine to the pacient. This also cureth the scurfe, by annoynting those places of the head with it. For the coldnesse of the head, & rewmes, by applying of it to the nosethrelles morning and euening, shall spéedily be cured, without the vse of any other thing: and this it doth through his sharpe sauour and piersing, which entereth and flyeth to the head & stomacke, and doth so dissolue those corrupt hu∣mours, both in the head & stomacke: in that this is a lycour, which preserueth from any corruption. And if the stomacke be annoyn∣ted rounde about with the oyle, it procureth a good digestion of meate: it also mooueth vryne retained, or that cannot pysse, through a fleshinesse stopping it, or the Gonorrhaea, or of any other cause. This causeth besydes the heyres to growe, & preserueth the beard blacke a long tyme, and auayleth against wormes, artly applyed. And all these practises are most true, and proued many tymes in the abouesayd diseases & grieffes, and in many others, and neuer harmed nor pained any pacient with it, except such infected with ye French disease: for annoynting any such with this, it mightily pai∣neth him: by which at any time you shal throughly be perswaded, whether the pacient be vexed with the same, or any other disease.

A secrete oyle, & experienced, that healeth the Legs vlcered, & all other vlcers, as well old as new, except those which happen on the head. It cureth also the canker, & Fistulaes: the making of which is on this wyse. Take of Apiū, of Rosemary, of yarrow, of plaintain, & of wormewood, of each one handfull, of Sage, of Rue, of Tapsus Barbatus, of Celondine, & of Lauceola, of each two handfuls, of the fatte of a Weather, one ounce & a halfe, of Herba Laurentia, and of Florum omniū mensium, of each thrée handfuls, of cōmon oyle two pynts, of pure Turpentine one pounde, of Galbanum two ounces, of the iuyce of yuie growing on trees, two ounces & a halfe, of rche Alome one ounce and a halfe, of the Rosen of the Pyne trée, two Page  147 pounds, of Viridis aeris two ounces, of Frākensence, of Diachylon, & of Tryacle, of each one ounce, of Gentiane, of the round Aristola∣chia, of each one ounce & a halfe, of Vitryol, of Tartare, of Agarick, of burnt salt, of each two drams, of the iuyce of Pulicaria three oun∣ces, of the rootes of the flower De luce one ounce, of Sarcocolla halfe an ounce, of the redde leade & powder of leade three drams: of al the hearbes the iuyce drawne or wringed forth, myxe in a brasse panne with the oyle, the Turpentine, & Galbanum, which so long boile to∣gyther ouer a soft fire of coales, vntyll the iuyce be consumed, stur∣ring it (in the meane tyme) well about, with a short bedde staffe or great spattle: after straine the lycor, putting into it then, of ye greene Verdigres brought to powder, the same styrre styll about, vntyll it be in a maner colde: these maye also be boyled in burning water, & preserued after in a glasse close stopped. This out of Fumanellus.

A precious oyle, & compared to Golde, in that the same cureth all euyls of ye Legs, & synewes cutte, it increaseth or procureth flesh to ryse, & closeth vlcers, it remooueth besides paine, it cureth ye Fistu∣la, the Cāker, & al old vlcers, except those which happē on the head. In the moneth of May, take of Apium one handfull, of Rosemarie so much, of Sage & Rue, of each one handfull, of Herba laurentia, & Florum omnium menseum, of both, thrée handfuls, of Tapsus Bar∣batus, of Lanceola, of Celondine, of ech two hanfuls, of wormwood one handfull, of common oyle two pyntes, of good Turpentine one pounde, of Galbanum two ounces, of the Rosen of the Pyne tree two poundes, of Viridis aeris, or Diphrygis brought to powder two ounces: the iuyce of the hearbes strayned, and myxed with the oyle▪ and Turpentine, boyle on a softe fire of coales, sturring the lycour continually about with a spattle, vnto the consump•••n of the iuyce, to which after the strayning, adde of Viridis a••is brought to pouder, and styl sturre the lycour about, vntyll it (ta••n from the fire) be colde: which after put vp in a glasse, close stopped.

An artificiall baulme prepared & made without distyllation, that auayleth in woundes, and cureth them without the ingendrin or procuring of matter: it helpeth also the palsie members, & stayth the blood, and water, which yssueth out of the wounded ioynts, this borrowed out of a certaine Emperickes booke, written in the Ger∣mayne tongue: take of Rubarbe two drams, cutte and pared into Page  [unnumbered] round balles, to which adde of Camphora one dram & a halfe, these after put into a tynne porrenger, powring vpon one ounce and a halfe of common oyle Olyue, the same let stand in the Sunne for fowretéene dayes.

Another approued baulme, out of the same booke: take a glasse which is about a pynt in measure, the same fyll with Spyknarde, vpon which powre halfe a pynt of good Sallet oyle, letting it after stande for a moneth in the Sunne, which alwayes styrre about. To it after adde of the oyle of Violettes two ounces, of the oyle of Spike so much, of the oyle of Camomyl, and of the oyle of Roses, of eache two ounces: all these myxed togyther, let stande for a whole moneth.

Another of the same mans not to be contempned: take of Galba∣num, of Ammoniacum, and of Bolellium, of each halfe an ounce, of chosen Myrre, of Masticke, & whyte Frankensence, of ech halfe an ounce: all these stiepe in the strongest vineger for thrée dayes, and dissolued, after powre the whole into an earthen Bason or pan wel glased within, which set ouer a fire of coales without flame, put∣ting into it then of Turpentine two ounces, & of Sallet oyle two pyntes and a halfe: let these boyle togyther, in sturring the whole styll obout, vntyll the Feces stick or cleaue to the bottome. Which come to passe or being on such wyse, adde then to it of Viridi aeris brought to powder halfe an ounce, the same taken from the fyre, and become through colde, straine through a lynnen cloath, putting the lycour dyligently vp into a glasse, to your vse: for this auayleth in all woundes, by applying lynt, and tentes wette in it.

Another noble Baulme: take halfe a pynte of common oyle, with which myxe Violettes in a glasse, setting the same after in the Sunne, and the lyke doe with Broome flowers, and leaues of the same: after take of Galbanum two drams and a halfe, of Bo∣lellium, of Ammoniacum, and of Myrre, of eache halfe an ounce, of Masticke two drammes, let the gummes afore be dissolued in the strongest vineger, which after myxe togyther with the oyles and flowers, strayning the whole through a lynnen cloath into a well glased potte, the same set ouer a fyre of coales, and when the oyle is hote, powre in the Turpentyne heated and molten, with the gummes dyssolued, sturring them styll about, that they burne not to the potte sydes, and be carefull also that the lycour runneth not Page  148 ouer: then put into it of Viridis aeris finelie brought to powder, halfe an ounce, or sixe drammes, and setting this agayne to the fyre, sturre continually about, vntyll the remoouing from the fire, it shall be through cold: which after the strayning, put into a glasse, and keepe •••se stopped to your vse.

Another el••ng members, shruncke, borrowed out of the prac∣tyses of Theophrastus paracellus: take of distylled Turpentine one pounde▪ of the gumme Galbanum, and of Dyttanie, halfe a pounde, to these artlie myxed togyther▪ adde of the oyle of Bayes one ounce, which after made a Baulme: with it annoynt mem∣bers shruncke, for many moneths, and it shortly recouereth them. The oyle Benedicke also myxed, with the fatte of a Gray or Bad∣ger, and the members annoynted with it, doth marueylouslye worke in this case.

Another of the same mannes, auayling in woundes: Take of oyle Olyue one pynt▪ of Saint Iohns woort of Bytonie, of Cen∣torie, and of the hearbe selfe heale, of eache one handfull, these hearbes after the stamping and the iuyre wrynged out, or onelye stamped, and myxed with the oyle, let them distyll in a glasse all the Summer, after wryng forth the whole through a cloath, which keepe: for a nobler can not be found for woundes, in that the same cureth them, by the onely annoynting morning and euening, with∣out the applying of any other medycine: this also expelleth the hu∣mours▪ and farre otherwyse is, then can well be vttered: and what matters seeme impossible to be done, by the helpe of this are speedi∣lie perfourmed: as in euery incarnating, and closing togyther and healing, so well in fractures, as in bruses, and such lyke.

Of the oyles gotten out of Flowers. The xij. Chapter.

THe oyle of Spyke is thus prepared, if so be the Spyke be infu∣sed in wyne, and distylled, an oyle fyrst followe, where a wa∣ter otherwyse by distyllacion (I gesse in Sande) shoulde be sepe∣rated. This oyle annoynted on the region of the kydneys, hel∣peth the Gonorrhaea. A certayne friend (of the Aucthours) hauing his wyfe nowe and then sicke, procured to be ministred to hir in a draft of wyne, but two drops of the distylled oyle of Spyke, which Page  [unnumbered] after shée had druncke downe, was brought by it in great hazard of lyfe, but through it, shee voyded soone many worms, and recouered within short space.

The oyle of the common Spykenarde, which is brought out of Fraunce, doth Brassanolus commend: but he affyrmeth that lyttle woorth, or of lesser accoumpt to be made of, which certayne prepare & make of the Lauender in Italie: the same (writeth he) that many name a Balsamyne, & vse it in the stéede of a naturall baulme. Of the oyle of Spyke, which many vsed in the steede of baulme, and of his properties: was fullie and at large vttered in the other booke, or first part of the treasure of Euonimus.

The oyle of the flowers of Verbascum, is thus made: stampe the flowers in a morter, which after the putting into a glasse, set in the Sunne close stopped, for fiue or sixe wéekes: this oyle much auay∣leth & is right profitable for the gowte in the feete and other mem∣bers. It cureth also freshe wounds, & if the same be infused in the oyle Olyue, it wyll then serue vnto many grieffes. The flowers ought to be gathered, when they be drie, for the vertues sake.

The oyle made or drawne of the flowers of Tapsus Barbatus, infused in oyle or wyne, & set in the Sunne for fiue or sixe weekes, or boyled in a double vessel, lyke the oyle of Hypericon or S. Iohns woort, and artly strayned: auayleth in the ache of the hyppes.

The oyle of S. Iohns woort, is hote & drye, and stipticke, through which it closeth and healeth the wounds of synewes cutte, and the burning of fire: it ceasseth also the paynes, about the priuie place, & bladder, and procureth vrine. The preparing & making of the oyle, is on this wyse, borrowed out of the naturall hystorie, of Adamus Leonicerus. Take of the tops being presently full rype, of S. Iohns woort three ounces, let these be stieped in pleasant wyne for thrée dayes, after let those boyle in a double vessell, stopping dilygentlie the mouth of the vessell, which in a redynesse wryng hard out, put∣ting in a lyke wayght of the Hypericon freshe gathered, and infu∣sing it in lyke order, as aboue taught, which after boyle, & strayne, and doe this a thyrde tyme: and if the wyne be dyminished before the ende, then adde a lyttle more, according to discretion. Take af∣ter of cleare Turpentine three drams, of olde cleare oyle sixe oun∣ces, let these be boyled in a double vessell vnto the consumption of Page  149 the wyne, after the strayning and cleare purging of it, from the se∣dyment, powre the oyle into a glasse.

The oyle of Hypericon, learned of Iohn Tanwyler the yonger, a singuler Chyrurgian in the Citie of Auguste: take of the flowers of Hypericon or S. Iohns woort, foure ounces, these infuse in redde wyne for fowretéene dayes, after boyle these a lyttle, which after the strayning forth, put in other freshe flowers, vnto the quantitie of fowre ounces, of the oyle Olyue halfe a pynt, let these stande to infuse other eyght dayes, which after strayne, adding to it of the iuyce of yarrow two ounces, of the earth wormes washed in white wyne, two ounces, of Turpentyne one ounce & a halfe, of Saffron halfe a dram, of Masticke sixe drams, of Myrre, and Olibanum, of eache two drams, of Opopanax, and of Sarcocolla, of eache two drams and a halfe, of madder thrée drams, let all these boyle togy∣ther, vnto the consumpcion of the wyne and iuyce: which after the strayning, kéepe close stopped in a glasse.

A compounde oyle of Hypericon, borrowed out of the woonder∣full practises of the Gréeke Leonarde Fiorauant, which auayleth & cureth by a marueylous maner woundes, especially of the sinewie partes: in that it closeth them, and bringeth those to a scarre, with∣out sygne to be plainlye séene. This also dissolueth bruses, auay∣leth agaynst poyson, and helpeth any crude kynde of venymous A∣gue, by annoynting all the pacientes bodye, without omytting any part: and many other vertues hath this oyle, which for breuitye are here omytted: the making of which, is on this wyse. Take of the Flowers, Leaues, Stalkes, and rootes of Saint Iohns woort, as much as you wyll, which stampe togyther in a morter, stieping it after in the best whyte wyne, as much as wyll well couer the sub∣staunce, the same let stande in the Sunne for tenne whole dayes, powring into it after of oyle Olyue, as much as the wayght of the whole with the wyne, these then let stande in the Sunne for other tenne dayes: herein considering, that the oyle before be wayed, whereby a iust wayght of it may be knowne. This done, adde for euerie pounde of the oyle, two ounces of good Turpentyne, of Saf∣fron one dram to euery pound, of the Nutmegs and Cloues, of each halfe an ounce to euery pound, of Myrre, & Rosen of the Pyne trée, of eache fifteene ounces for euery pounde, of Vitecella two oun∣ces Page  [unnumbered] for euery pound: let all these be put into a body of glasse, well incorporated togyther, which after set into Balneo Mariae, letting it there boyle, with the head close set on, and the Receauer artly lu∣ted to the nose of the head. The note when this is sufficiently boy∣led, when the head distylleth no more forth, and this wyl be within twentie howers or there about: this seene, drawe forth the body, & whyles the substaunce yet boyleth, strayne the whole through a cloath, keeping this lycour close stopped in a glasse, as a precious iuel: for with this (as we haue aboue vttred) may many matters be done, so that you lay of this hote on the vpper face of wounds, with out the applying of tentes within: & in such maner doing, you shall wynne great praise, & haue prosperous successe at al times. For the Aucthour (many & sundry wise) proued this oyle, to his estimation.

The oyle of Hypericon (although the same may many wayes be prepared and made) yet this waye and maner is the perfitest, in∣uented by a singuler Chirurgian of Dadna, named Gabriell Fallo∣pio: take of Bolellium, of Opopanax, of Galbanum, of gum Serapi∣num, of gum Elemi, of each one dram, of Turpentine, of Rosen of the Pyne tree, & of Masticke, of each one ounce, of the earth worms washed with white wine two ounces, of Antimoniū, of the flowers & leaues of Hypericon, of playntaine, of the greater & lesser Conso∣lida, of the greater and lesser Centorie, of the yarrow, & of Canda aequina or horse tayle, of ech thrée ounces: al these yt are to be beatē, somwhat broken afore, which then myxe togyther in a glasse body, with so much oyle (but better the same shal be, if it be with the oyle of Roses) as wyll well couer the whole substaunce, & infused thus in the oyle, let the glasse stande in the Sunne, for fifteene dayes. This oyle with the whole substaunce put into a Retort, which dy∣styll with a soft fire, for the first that commeth is a water, the next yt foloweth (by a stronger fire increased) wyl be an oyle, at the com∣ming of which change the receauer, & maintayne the fire vnto the ende of the worke: the distyllacion ended, adde the water & oyle to∣gither in a glased pan, which boyle for an houre: to which after adde one ounce of Madder, of Graua sina halfe an ounce, of Saffron two drams, & a handfull of the flowers of S. Iohns woort, putting it a∣gaine into the glasse, where the whole substance stāding in ye Sun was. But if you wyll make a most precious oyle of it, burye the glasse with the lycour in the earth or horse doong, for sixe moneths: Page  150 of which after apply on any wound, & you shall then sée a miracu∣lous working of this oyle, for it seaseth the paine of woundes, it drieth vp, cleanseth, and comforteth, and doth the same which may be wrought by any, and is especiallie profitable to woundes of the synewes. The vse of this oyle is, that it ought to be applyed hote on the grieued places.

Another mastryall cōposition, of the oyle of Hypericon, right pro∣fitable for woundes, borrowed out of the Italian secretes, of the a∣bouesayd Aucthor: take of cōmon oyle Oliue, that is sweete, & plea∣sant of tast, as much as you thinke needeful, into which put so much of the Hypericon, the flowers, & seedes, as yt oyle wyl well receyue, this let so stande in a glasse, vntyll the oyle appeareth redde, into which after put these: of Turpentine one ounce for euery pounde of the oyle, of Nutmegs, of Saffron, & of Beniamine, of ech one drā, for euery poūd of the oyle, of claryfied Barrowes greace, two oun∣ces for euery pound of the oyle, of yarrow, of redde Roseleaues, of Campherie, & of Cummine, of ech one ounce and a halfe, for euery pound of the oyle, of the best wyne two ounces, for euery pound: let these infuse togyther, for the space of a moneth, after shyft all the substaunce into a glasse body, with a couer which set into Balneo, letting the substance there boile, vnto the cōsumption of the wine, & drynesse of the hearbes: after the taking forth, strayne the whole through a lynnen cloath, which preserue in a glasse close stopped. This oyle is marueylous, vsed on woundes: if so it be applied hote with lint, or a fine lynnē cloth vpon yt woūd. This oile also auaileth against poyson, & helpeth Petechiae, & swellings or knobs, by anoin∣ting of it on the places, & that with expedicion. And with this oyle hath ye Author done many singular practises, to his high cōmēdatiō.

An oyle of the Orrenge flowers, take Melone seedes wel brokē, so many as you wyl, of these straw a part in yt bottome of a broade or gallie glasse, on which straw a bedde of the flowers of yt Orrenges, vpō that straw another course of the séedes: which done, let them so stand for a day, after the throwing away of the flowers, put in fresh flowers to ye seedes, in like order as aboue taught: this doe for sūdry dayes togither, in shyfting the flowers, vntyl the seedes haue pur∣chased the vertue & sauour of the Orrendge flowers, which sprinc∣led & wette somwhat with good Rosewater, put vp into sware lyn∣nen bagges, these wryng harde in a presse, pressing the oyle.

Page  [unnumbered]The oyle of the Iasemyne flowers maye in a lyke maner bée purchased, by ordering the flowers as aboue vttered: and if you thincke the yéelde not sufficient at a tyme, then maye you increase the same (in my opinion) with the iourdaine Almondes cleane scraped, and broken after discrecion.

An oyle of the Damaske Roses, maye in a lyke maner be ob∣tayned: if so be you breake Almondes into small partes, being cleane scraped before (and not blaunched) and ordered as aboue taught, of the oyle of Orrendge flowers: which after put into bags, presse forth an oyle.

An oyle of Roses by sunning, is prepared and made on this wyse, as Rogerius in his fowrth treatyse and eyght Chapter in∣structeth. Take the Flowers of gréene Roses, and fyll the glasse with the flowers and oyle, in such maner: that to one pounde of Roseleaues, be two poundes of oyle added, which dilygently stop∣ped, set the glasse in the Sunne, for fortie dayes, sturring about the flowers once a daye. After such a decoction, strayne it through a Lynnen cloath, into a Bason of fayre colde water, and labour or styrre the oyle about with a Hasill sticke whyte scraped, after shift the oyle into another Bason of cold water and sturring it, and this doe tenne tymes togyther. For through this often washing, it pur∣chaseth a coldnesse in working, and a lesser drynesse. By which it doth after more coole, and moysten. Also the substaunce put into a glasse & set in the Sunne, vntyll the moysture which entreth the powres, may through the same be consumed. In a colde countrey, where through a weake heate of the ayre this can not be decocted, let the glasse be set into a panne of water, that it may there softlye boyle for two or three dayes, vnto a thyrde part of the oyle awaye: & if that countrey hath not oyle Olyue, then draw an oyle of freshe Nuttes scraped, with which make your oyle of Roses: or otherwise vse olde Nuttes scraped cleane, and stieped for two dayes in colde water, after let an oyle be pressed forth. Whereof the Aucthour al∣leageth, that the mylke drawne or made of freshe Nuttes, may so safely be giuen to the sicke of the Ague at all tymes, in a cold coun∣trey: as the Almonde mylke, in a hote countrey. This oyle also a∣boue taught, hath sundrye properties, for if a pacient vexed with the Ague, be daylye or often annoynted about the forehead, and Page  151 temples, and paulmes of the handes, the soles of the féete, and on the beating veynes of the wrestes, this note onely represseth the payne of the head, and other partes, but altereth the heate and pro∣cureth sléepe, yet this in no case, may be done in the sick day, where you hope of the vniuersall or particular action. A singuler reme∣die cōmended, that the yolkes of Egges be laboured with the oyle of Roses, and layde playster wyse on the region of the Lyuer, or vpon a fyrie impostume: which being once, or twyse applyed, doth marueylouslie mitigate paine, and doth dissolue the fumositie, and sharpnesse of matter. And the same cleanseth the place or swelling to fal, & remooueth the rednesse from the place. This oyle also mixt, with a lyke wayght of the iuyce of plaintayne, for a glyster in the blooddy fluxe, or perylous scouring with blood is greatly commen∣ded, this doth spéedily bring woundes to a scarre, and mytigateth the payne, by repressing the matter.

These oyles afore placed, although they be prepared and gotten without distyllation, or but by pressing out, or otherwyse made by the Sunne: yet would I not omytte them, in that these formes and wayes, séeme easie, comely, and to skyll inuented: and oyles being thus prepared, may aptly be applyed to mens vse, and vtilytie.

The oyle of Violettes, is prepared & made of Violettes, in the lyke maner, as the oyle of Roses (out of Rogerius) and serueth to lyke purposes, as the oyle of Roses, sauing that the one ofter the newe making is laxatiue, and the other bynding. If with a lyke wayght of ye iuyce of Mercurie, this oyle be applied in glyster wise, in the sharpe daylie, and renewing Agues, and Tertians, the same gently doth louse the bellie, and easilye expelleth the superfluities, by the excrements sent forth. This out of Rogerius.

An oyle helping the spottes of the face, which commonly we name Lyntelles: take a sufficient quantitie of the flowers of Rose∣marie (which put into a glasse) burye it in hote horse doong, in a place frée or safe from rayne, for thyrtie dayes, or vnto the time, the flowers be dyssolued, after set the glasse in the Sunne for o••er nyne dayes: putting into it then of the powder of Pollypodie, so much as you maye take vp with thrée fyngers: of which let the pa∣cient euery day take, for one whole moneth.

An oyle of the Rosemary flowers not distylled, may be drawne Page  [unnumbered] and made after the maner ensewing, borrowed out of a certayne written booke in the Italian tongue: take of Rosemarie flowers, a good quantitie, putting them into a potte, and thrusting them harde downe with a staffe. After powre vpon of oyle Olyue, so much as shall be sufficent, that a part of the potte remayne emptie: which done, close and stoppe dilygently the mouth of the potte with paste, that no ayre breath forth. The potte ordered on this wyse, set or burie in horse doong, not made of haye: in such wyse letting the potte stande, that the doong be more then thrée fingers aboue the mouth of the potte: the same so standing for fortie dayes, drawe after forth, and kéepe the oyle carefully. When you wyll vse of the oyle, strayne it through a cloath. This mightily helpeth in the grieffes and paynes of the Loynes, the ache in the hyppes, the Armes, and other partes. It is in the lyke maner appoynted, and prepared of the Erle De alta villa.

[illustration]

Of the oyles out of Seedes. The .xiij. Chapter.

SEeing that sundry Spyces, and the séedes of all hearbes in a maner, be ra∣ther of a hote, thinne & ayreall substaunce: for that cause, it must néedes insewe, that these possesse a cer∣taine oyly substance. In that euery oyle in a maner, hath a lyke myxture. Nowe oyles distylled or gotten out of séedes, as well hote, as colde, are purcha∣sed in this maner.

These oyles by distyllacion drawne in Sande, ought on such Page  152 wyse be prepared, that the séedes before the putting into the Cu∣curbite be brused, and the glasse verie well fensed about with the lute of wysedome. And there may, sixe, or seuen, or eyght oun∣ces of any seedes brused, be put into the glasse at a tyme, or more if you wyll, but this according to the greatnesse of the Cucurbite. After powre fyue, or sixe, or seuen pyntes of the clearest water at a tyme on the seedes, myxing the whole dilygently togyther. Which thus myxed dilygently in the infusion, let stande to infuse, or dygest, or putryfye, in some hote place, for certayne dayes, as eyther eyght, or tenne dayes, after set the Cucurbyte into a potte apte to the Furnace, which fyll so with Sande, that the Cucur∣byte standing in it, toucheth not the bottome, by two fyngers breadth, and that a good thycknesse of Sande be rounde about the bodie. And let the oyle be distylled in the same maner, and with the same vesselles, as shall after be vttered: whereas wee teach the order of drawing of oyles, out of Spyces and wooddes. This by the waye doth the Aucthour warne you of, that at the fyrst you make a softe fyre: and take heede, that the substaunce contayned in the Cucurbyte, boyleth not vp vnto the Lymbecke or headde. For certayne seedes, as the Annise séedes, through the thynnesse of theyr substaunce, and clammynesse togyther which they possesse, doe myghtilye boyle vppe: for which cause, you maye not by and by fyxe on the headde: but after you see bubbles aryse, and the vapour carryed vpwarde, take of the Lymbecke, and puttyng in a fayre stycke, sturre the substaunce well a∣bout. And on such wyse may the fome or bubbles be resolued into vapour, and breath vp, which maye after with a meane fyre, bée qualyfied, and increased, at the wyll of the Prac∣tysioner. Which thus mytygated or alayde, set on your Lymbecke close luted about, and distyll or drawe so long vn∣tyll you suppose that no more oyle bée contayned wythin, which by syght and taste, you shall easilye and soone perceyue. For when the droppes distylling, in taste, carrie with them no more vertue of the manifest qualitye of the seedes and Spyces put in, then must you ceasse gathering any more, least the matter sticke, or burne in the bottome of the Cucurbyte: this borrowed out of Cordus.

Page  [unnumbered]A preparation of oyles out of séedes, as of the Fennell, Annise, &c. Is wrought after this maner, as the Aucthour gathered & learned, by the sundrie letters written vnto the singuler Gesnerus in the Germaine tongue. Fyrst, I tooke (sayth he) such a quantitie of seedes, as I thought necessarye, but a fiue or sixe poundes alwaeys: those I so stamped or beate in a grosse manner, that I left no one seede vnbroken, which I then powred into the Cucurbyte. After I powred vpon so much scalding or verie hote water, that well coue∣red the seedes, and then set on the Lymbecke or head, close luted in the ioynt about, and stopped the nose, that no ayre breathed forth: which standing to putrify for thrée or fowre dayes, I after distylled with a soft fyre, & a fayre oyle followed (so that the water by which the oyle passeth, be very colde) as you were afore taught. This one matter is worthy to be considered, that the oyle of Annise séedes can not in the Summer tyme be distylled at all, for that theyr spy∣rites then are ouer subtyll, & the Fennell seedes at that tyme much subtyller then them: which they euaporate through the heate in that season, howe easie so euer you make your fire vnder, or labour you distyllacion. So that the aptest and meetest tyme for the dy∣styllacion of these, is in the wynter: in that the colder the ayre shall then be, so much the sooner, when the oyle shall fall into the Receauer, wyll it be cowrded togyther, lyke to Camphora. Which when after you shall strayne through a fayre cloath, all the water then runneth through, but the oyle remayneth on the cloath: which I after (sayth the Aucthour) dyssolued in a gallie or broade mouth glasse set in a stewe or hote house, and the flewme so seperated.

In the distylling of such maner of oyles, must first be considered and noted, that a man may not prepare and distyll more then halfe a pounde at a tyme. After remembring, that the matter to be dy∣stylled, be brayed or broken in a morter, after a grosse maner, and not in a subtyll or fine powder. To this matter then let a due quantitie of pure water be powred, that it maye couer the séedes, which after powre into a copper Cucurbite, and well myxed togy∣ther, set on a copper head, close luted to the bodye in the ioynt, that no ayre breath forth. This distyllacion then ought to be done through a vessell fylled with colde water, the tynne or leaden pype retching to the nose of the head, whereby the oyle (in the distylling) Page  153 may not burne. All which thus prepared, make a very soft or slow fire in the begynning, vntyl the Furnace waxeth hote, then increase your heate or fire, more & more, as the matter beginneth to distyll: the water & oyle all come, seperate the one from the o∣ther, after art. When this begynneth to distyll, you may with∣draw some of the fire, and marke whether the fyre being at that stay, the distyllacion neuerthelesse procéedeth, then must the strō∣ger heate or fyre be left, and the other followed and mayntained: but if otherwise, then let the heate be increased. Thyrdly must be considered & learned, that the oile fyrst distilleth, so that at the cō∣ming of the second, or thyrde oyle, the receauer may be changed. And within an howres space in a maner, wyll halfe an ounce be distilled and gathered in the receauer. So that when no more ly∣quidnesse appeareth on high, in the Cucurbite, then wyl no more matter distyll forth: and the work vpon this sight, is fully ended.

The oyle of Annise seedes, is thus prepared & drawne: take of Annise seedes (for this is a cōmon forme & waye, vnto the distyl∣ling also of oyles, out of other séedes) one pounde, these after ye grosse beating, rt into a horned or croke necked body, to which let the receauer be artly closed & fastned, setting the body thē into a pot of ashes, the same distyl with a most soft fyre, & you shall ga∣ther a water & an oyle in the receauer. The water you shal draw forth by a reuoluing or repeting againe of the whole substance: yt oyle remaining or tarrying behind in the body, whose vse serueth vnto the collicke passion, & paine of the bowels. But of the water is an electuary made with Sugar, in the forme of losings or Ma∣nus christi, of which one table at a tyme, eyther after dynner, or after supper may be giuen or taken. For this strengthneth ye sto∣mack & digestion, & putteth away or expelleth wynd. This at any time takē or vsed profiteth, but in ye morning especially: & helpeth the lungs, the cough, & the obstructions or stoppings of choller, & helpeth the inward parts. The vse of it properly, is in droppes.

The oyle of Annise is much more in property, then the Annise it selfe, and in working myghtier. Yet the naturall heate, of the whole Annise seede, can neuer be so exactly purchased, as to draw forth & seperate a perfite substance: although an artificiall prepa∣ration may be wrought, & the same by mans industry. For like Page  [unnumbered] as any meate, that the same may be taken & eaten, without daun∣ger or harme, it néedeth before an outward preparation: euen so must a lyke preparation be wrought in medicines, that the sub∣tyller parts be seperated from the grosser, before those be applied or taken within the body: for on such wyse prepared and ordered, may any medicine worke the easier, & performe the proper action in the body, without harme to the pacient. The vse of this oyle much auayleth in the gyddinesse of the head, the harde fetching of breath, procéeding through a dangerous Rewme in a maner suf∣focating or choking the person, in the weaknesse of stomck and wyndinesse, in the dropsie, in other colde diseases, and those pro∣cured of wynd. This also much profiteth the members lacking blood; and the synew partes, as the stomack, the veynes, the blad∣der, the bellye, and the whyte fluxe of the wombe this mightilye stayeth. This oyle may be taken or ministred by droppos, in gy∣uin certain droppes of it eyther in wine, or in breath in the mor∣ning, or in tyme of necessitie.

The oyle of Fennell séedes helpeth the head, but the eyes espe∣cially, the kydneys & bladder: Tables may be made of the same, of lyke propertyes, and vnto the same vses: or certayne droppes may be mynistred alone, at any time: or else taken morning, and euening. And an oyle is drawne, out of the drye séedes, without any other addicion, it is very pleasaunt and swéete of taste, as the Aucthour prooued and felt of the same: the same also in colour is whyte, that first distylleth.

The oyle of Cummyne drawne, is profitable to woundes, ioyning néere vnto the Mylt, the swellings of the body procéeding of a colde cause, which sometymes happeneth and is the cause, why the vryne is stayed backe: vnto this vse may a droppe, or two, be mynistred in Ferne water, or in Tables, if they be made with it.

The oyle out of Henbane séedes, prepared in the same maner, as the oyle of Roses, by the discription of Rogerius, auayleth the lyke, that the oyle of the apples of Mandrake doth. It auayleth also in the hote ioynt aches, in repressing mightily the payne, and causing an astonishment to those places applyed: in burning and in excoriations, it may procure and make a lyttle scarre, and my∣tigate Page  154 the burnings, out of the same Aucthour.

The selfe same Aucthour, doth otherwyse prepare the oyle, which worketh stronger and to greater purpose in the abouesayd burning. Take on Mydsomer eue, the toppes, flowers & leaues, with which let a new potte be fylled, hauing in the bottom a lytle

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hole, and let the mouth of the vpper pot be dyligently stopped, which set into ye mouth of another pot standing vnder, the mouth of which lute round about with the other, that no ayre breath forth: this done, set the pots so deepe into the earth that they may wholy be couered and buried in the earth, after let them stande for a whole yeare in the grounde: at the ende of which tyme, drawe the pottes forth, and you shall finde in the neather potte a cleare oyle, which by the heate of the fumo∣sities of the earth, is drawne forth from the Henbane. This ma∣ner of instruction is founde perfiter, in the discription of the oyle of yuie berries (where is otherwyse lefte in the earth for sixe monethes) with this are members labouring and sore payned with dayly fluxes falling to them, annoynted.

A compounde oyle out of Séedes, procuring sléepe: Take of the Seedes of Lollij, of Henbane, of the whyte and blacke Poppie, of the Lettuce and Purcelane séedes, of eache fowre small handfulles, of the séedes of Faba inuersa, which is Tele∣phium, two small handfulles: let all these be distylled togyther: of this distylled, mynister two scruples wayght at a tyme, with a lytle or small quantity of Opium.

Of the oyles out of Fruytes. The .xiiij. Chapter.

THe oyle of Iuniper berryes, is distylled in the same maner, as the Aqua vitae, by powring water vpon, and it then spée∣dilye and easilye distylleth. As an oyle fyrst commeth, and a Page  [unnumbered] water next inseweth: euen in the lyke maner, as whē the Spike is distylled. But it behooueth to breake the berries before. Some also distyll them in a bodie: this auayleth vnto many grieffes, vnto the gripings of the belly, vnto the mattering of the yarde, which is as the same were the Gonorrhaea, vnto the paynes or grieffes of the necke, procéeding of Rewme. Agyrtae or Iuglers publishe marueylous matters of the same oyle, which who that lyste may reade theyr tables imprinted with them. But the ma∣ner howe this oyle ought to be distylled, is on this wyse: I tooke (sayth the Aucthour) a pynt full of Iunyper berryes, which I brake somewhat small, vpon which I powred pure water, such a quantitie as verie well couered them, after I powred the whole into such a copper vessell, as the same is, in which the Aqua vitae most commonly is distylled, and with a copper pype also passing through colde water, dyd I distyll, hauing vnder a bygge Recea∣uer, fastened to the pype, which myght well receyue or holde fowre measures of lycour: and on this wyse, dyd the oyle distyll & come, with the water. But another instrument I vsed standing on the head, which I fylled with colde water, for ye better cooling of the spyrites, that they burned not in the comming. Out of the abouesayde quantity of berryes, I neuer drew aboue three oun∣ces of perfite oyle. There is a further instruction, for the drawing of this oyle, in the first part of distyllations.

By pressing out also in this maner or on this wyse, we drawe & get an oyle not euyll sauouring: take of Iuniper berryes broken, fyrst myxt with burning water, and after with oyle Olyue: let them boyle a lyttle, or at the least let these be infused togyther, of∣ten sturring them with a spattle, for eyght dayes, then powring them into a bodie, distyll in a Furnace after art, the oyle after swymmyng aboue, gather into another glasse: you may then put into it a lytle of Angelica, or some other thing a lyttle brused before.

The Mandrake apples are cut into quarters, & boyled in oyle, in a double vessel, in a colde coūtrey as afore of the oyle of Roses, out of Rogerius was taught, or you may otherwyse prepare the Oyle, by the heate of the Sunne. This Oyle auayleth the lyke in contynuall and burning Agues, which the Oyle of Roses Page  155 doth: but in that this oyle stupyfieth and mightier altereth, more then the oyle of Roses doth, it ought (for that cause) that the ma∣lyce or hurt be repressed, with womans mylke myxed, the same oyle also auayleth, in the hote aches, and gowte. This borrowed out of Rogerius.

An oyle out of Bay berries, doth Rogerius instruct to make ma∣ny wayes: take the gréene berries, those breake small, which af∣ter the sufficient boyling, straine through a cloath, & kéepe the ly∣cour in a glasse. Otherwyse, take a quantity of rype bay berries, & those after the finely breaking, boyle with bay leaues after art, and the same strayned, kéepe dilygently in a glasse. Or after the baye berries be finely broken, & infused for sixe or eyght dayes in wyne, and then put vp into bagges, & an oyle drawne by a presse. Or the rype & fresh berryes broken, which after the putting into bagges, an oyle pressed forth. This oyle (as wytnesseth Rogerius) auayleth against the Collick, the Ilyacke, and Sciaticke passion, or payne in the hyppe bone.

An oyle out of yuie berryes, is gotten and made many wayes, especially by those wayes taught aboue, in the drawing an oyle out of bay berryes: this oyle purchased, auaileth against cold cau∣ses, especially against the cold ioynt aches. Wherefore I affirme (sayth Rogerius) that whatsoeuer consisteth in the yuie, auayleth against ache of the ioynts: whereof the oyle, that myghtier wor∣keth, is on this wyse prepared and made: take of the drye wood, the berries, and gum of the yuie, if you can purchase altogyther, & the wood small cutte, put into an earthen potte, being ful of hooles in the bottome, or at the least hauing three holes passing through in the bottome, which set into the mouth of another potte glased, the mouthes of which stoppe close, with potters clay or past: these two so ordered, set to deepe into the earth, that the vpper pot stand wholy aboue the earth, & the mouth of the neather potte couered ouer with the earth: which done, make a fire about the vpper pot, and a blacke oyle wyll after distyll into the neather pot.

A Rape oyle gotten, by pressing out: take a Rape, which after the making of a hollowe deepe hole in the roote, fyll that hollow∣nesse vp with oyle Olyue, on which set the cappe or couer of the roote, afore cutte of, & being thus close stopped on the head, wrap Page  [unnumbered] the whole roote dilygently about with towe wette, which after bury in the hote ymbers with a few coales vpon: this done, let it there lye for halfe an howre: after which tyme drawe it forth, and taking of the cappe, preserue the oyle strayned, and the roote also strayned togyther through a lynnen cloath. This oyle auayleth against cleftes and choppes of the handes, caused of colde. This borrowed out of a written booke.

Out of the Pyne aple kernelles (I sawe) an oyle drawne or gotten by discencion, which serueth for the wrincles of womens faces: this out of Manaraus.

An oyle out of the Onyon and Triacle, prouoking sweate in the pestilence, take a bigge white Onyon, in the myddle of which make a déepe hole, filling the same with good Triacle, after the cappe set on and a wet lynnen cloth wrapped rounde about▪ put it vnder the hotte ymbers to rost for half an howre, which after ye distilling in a Limbecke, giue of this lycour, vnto the quantity of two ounces, to the paciēt. The same effect worketh; sixe ounces of the distylled lycour▪ of the greene Nuts. This out of Fumanellus.

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Of the oyles out of Spyces: but the oyle or water, to be gotten out of Cynamon, see and reade hereafter among the Barks. The .xv. Chapter.

THis generall precept, ought to be obserued, in ye distillacion of all spyces in a maner: yt what spi∣ces soeuer you chose, bray thē first into fine powder, powring vpon a quātity of cunduite or spryng wa∣ter, which after the same shall be coloured with the spyce, shyft into another glasse, into which powre other fresh spyces broken: & so oftē do the same, vntyl ye water purchase no further colour, then distyl it in Balneo Mariae, & seperate after the water from the oyle: this G. Rast. But the waters & oyles, which are preapared & gotten out of spyces, ought to be done by the infusion in simple water, & Page  156 not in wyne, or Aqua vitae in that those doe hastily ascend, & not carry the force of the spyces with them: but the water contrary∣wyse ascendeth not, without the spyce. And to be briefe, those are here to be applyed, which are afore taught, of the oyles out of séedes, in the begynning vttered to be done.

The oyle out of Cloues, Nutmegs, Pepper, Mace, & Cinamō, are made & wrought through the spyces before broken, & put into a Cucurbite wel luted, or into a copper body, with a head set close on: which you shall distyll by a pype retching through a vessell of colde water: for on such wyse cooled, wyll a water and oyle come, which after seperate, as the one from the other. For the oyle e∣uermore swymmeth aboue the water, except the oyle of Cloues, which falleth to the bottome.

An oyle out of Nutmegs, vnto the imitaciō of this general rule, which a certaine Empericke teacheth to be in a maner lyke pre∣pared. Take a thyrd, or fowrth part of good Aqua vitae distylled, & the Nutmegs finely broken, put altogither into a glasse body, fil∣led with the Aqua vitae, three fingers aboue the Nutmegs, which let stand couered to infuse for .xxiiii. howres, & that the Aqua vitae hath attayned a yellow colour, the same then shyft into another glasse: into which poure after fresh Aqua vitae, so much as before, & the same so often repeate with fresh Aqua vitae, vntyl it wyl co∣lour the Aqua vitae no more. Which done, powre all ye Aqua vitae thus colored into a glasse body, which after the setting into Balneo Mariae, distyll according to art, that the Aqua vitae may ascend, & the oyle of Nutmegs remayne in the bottome of the body: and on such wyse, shal you attaine the oyle prepared. In the lyke maner, may an oyle be altogyther distylled, out of all other spyces.

I saw, sayth one of Gesnerus friends, a distyllation of the oyle of Nutmegs, which was an oyle drawne most pleasant & swéet, and of a great yéeld, by an Alchymist, after this maner. He tooke the Nutmegs & brought thē to fine powder, on which he powred two measures of simple pure water, after he shyfted the whole into a glasse Cucurbite fensed about with yt lute of wysedome (this lute was made with simple clay, to which he mixed the shorne floxe of cloath tempred with salt water) euē as the Alchymists are woont to lute theyr bodies, for the purchasing of strong water: after the head set on, he lyke luted the ioynt of the head round about, & the Page  [unnumbered] ioynt of the receauer in the same maner, that no spirites shoulde breath forth. The body thus fenced he set into the Furnace, ma∣king vnder a soft fyre in the begynning, but next a bygger, & last a strong fire: euen as they doe, which distyl the strong water: and drawne, it was for truth an oyle most excellent of sauour, swym∣ming aboue the water come in the Receauer, which he dilygent∣lie gathered: for he affirmed the same to be of great vertue in sundry matters.

The oyle of Mace, is of a hote quality, & for that cause the vse of it is ryght profitable in the collicke passion, procéeding of a colde cause, and of the rewme distylling or descending from the head: it comforteth also the heart, the stomacke, & matrice. But a most singular helpe in especiall, is felt of this oyle, in the tremblings of the heart proceeding of feare, or through the stopping of the bladder, or matrice, it auayleth besides in the strangurie, and hel∣peth all diseases proceeding of a colde matter. A thrée or fowre droppes may be ministred or taken by the mouth at a tyme, pre∣pared with some other dayntye matter, or in an yron Ladle or great spoone ouer the fyre: or in a freshe draft of good wyne: this borrowed out of an vnknowne Aucthor, in the Germain tongue.

An oyle out of Mace may be gotten, by pressing forth, in the same maner, as shall after be taught, in the fourme and way of preparing the oyle of Cloues.

An oyle distylled out of Pepper, hauing all those propertyes, which the Pepper it self, sauing that the same burning which the Pepper procurrth on the tongue, is not the lyke fealt (by tast) in yt oyle. This oyle of the pepper is none other matter, then an ay∣riall element seperated frō the other elements: euen as the lyke wee proue in the distylled oyle of the vitryoll, & brymstone. In the same maner, is the oyle of pepper throughly seperated from his burning, & consisteth or hath greater properties then the Pepper it selfe, & hath the singular propertie of piersing. In the Collicke passion, and partes stuffed with much soft & clammy flewme, let two or three droppes of it be ministred or taken with broth, vnto the cutting a sunder, and breaking away of it. I gaue (sayth a certayne Practisioner) in the Tertiane ague, after a purgation, & the bleeding by vaine done, thrée droppes of this oyle, with one Page  157 scruple of Mina, two howres before the sytte began: and it letted within once or twyse taking▪ yea and maystred the cold, the sha∣king, & the Ague it selfe, to the wonder of the pacient. And he fur∣ther affyrmeth of it, that if this auayleth not in the first giuing, it wholy cureth in the second tyme.

An oyle of Cloues is lyke prepared & gotten as the oyle of Iu∣niper berries, and not as the oyle of Cinamon. This oyle is farre sooner and easier purchased, if the same distyllatinn be done with waters, as oyther ayne, or ponde waters, or other more dayntie waters. The Cloues besydes haue a farre more moysture contai∣ned in them, then hath the Cinamon. There be some (yea many) which doe lyke prepare and get an oyle of Cloues, by onely pres∣sing forth.

Take of Cloues what quantity you wyl, those beate in a grosse maner, which after stiepe in Rosewater so long, vntil you thinke it hath throughly purchased the qualities & effectes of the Cloues. Then take a quantity of good Almondes, cleane & whyte scraped with a knyfe, those lightly cutte into pieces, which after infuse in the sayde water, that they may throughly drinck in of the sauour and taste of the Cloues, those then lay a sunder to drie: which dry∣ed, infuse againe in the sayd water, and those drye againe, & this doe for fowre tymes togyther. After put into bagges, presse an oyle forth, which set in the Sun to purify for a tyme. And in this maner also may many profitable oyles be prepared & gotten, as an oyle out of Muske, Amber, and Beniamine, Storax, Cynamon & Mace. This borrowed out of a written booke, of the Aucthours.

An oyle of Cloues, that is as the Cloues it selfe, being hote and drye, in the thyrde degrée, which helpeth the stomack, the Lyuer, the heart, the humorall fluxe of a cold cause, & all cold diseases of the stomacke. The Cloues put away Melancholie spirites, and cleare the grosse: but the oyle doth these farre excellenter, and as I may soothly affirme (sayth the Aucthour) it hath all the vertues of a Baulme. For this doth heale outwardly freshe and gréene wounds. It stateth, the yssewing of blood & water, out of wounds. It comforteth within the naturall partes, it purgeth Melancholy blood, it comforteth the heart & head, and doth especially helpe, the gyddynesse of the head, and weaknesse of sight: if in the morning Page  [unnumbered] thrée or fowre drops of it be taken fasting in a spoone, with some pleasaunt syrupe, or other daynty thing, or in wyne.

Of the oyle of Cloues, wryteth another: who thus sayth, this I dare affyrme, that it hath the vertues of baulme: I saw (sayth he) a wound closed and healed by it, without stitching, by one Ioachi∣mus Rhoeticus. And as touching the other worthie effects of this oyle, I (by sylence ouer passe) which this doth in strengthning, & in restoring especially decayed strength. The oyle of Cloues druncke, to the quantity of two or thrée droppes, in the broath, or ulleys of a Capon, doth then auaile in the Collick, & suffocations of the wombe. Tables or losings prepared and made of the oyle of Cloues, and eating of them morning, & euening, doe strength∣then the head, and staye rewmes.

Of the oyles out of gummes, teares, or lycours thyckned, or coniealed, and Rosens. The .xvj. Chapter.

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THE · COVER

THe oyles of Gums, or Teares, may thus be distylled: take of Gins, what quantity you wyll, those put into a Retort set in ashes, which in the begynning distyl with a soft fyre, but after in∣crease, Page  158 by lyttle and lyttle, vntyl no more wyll come, and the oyle powre forth, which must thus be rectifyed: take an other fayre Retorte, into which shyft the oyle, the same set into ashes, distyll agayne with a very gentle fyre, and you shal obtaine a most pure oyle, piercing, and entering much better the powers of the body. And in the same maner rectyfy oyles drawne out of wooddes, the séedes, and Baulme. Lullius distylleth an oyle out of a gumme, or gummie matter, being before well brayed, and infused for a daye, in sowre verguice, or sharpe vineger.

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An oyle out of Masticke, is got∣ten by descentiō, in a Retorte: in such manner or∣dred, that ye fyre be made both a∣boue, and vnder it, and you shall so purchase an oyle of Mastick, which after may be rectifyed, as aboue taught. A certayne Practi∣sioner in ye wor∣thy Citie of Au∣guste, distylleth it on this wyse: in taking whole Masticke, and it alone putteth into a Retorte luted, vnto that parte shewing and lying without the Furnace, which hath fowre vente holes, and couered aboue: this with a softe fyre distyll: for that which commeth, is a marueylous Baulme vnto woundes. Note, I haue distylled (sayth a certaine person, forgot∣ten of the Aucthour) Masticke by a pype, but the same woulde yéelde no more, then a sauour or taste. Yet was that Masticke, neuerthelesse lyght and orous in the bottome.

Page  [unnumbered]The water also which remained in the bottome of the Cucurbite, was of a yelowishe colour, & bitterishe. And to conclude, the Ma∣sticke in the boyling (then by a Limbecke) looseth a vertue, pow∣red into the same matter, in which it is boyled. Séeyng ye essence of it, yéeldeth a greater vertue by a Lymbecke.

A confection of the oyle out of Frankensence, and Carabe, per∣aduenture also out of Assa dulcis, Caphora, styrax calaminta, &c. Take first a body very well luted, but of small length, & the necke somewhat broken of or cut away with a bigge wyer redde hotte, that the mouth of the glasse may be the wyder (for into the mouth of it must another glasse be thrust) into which powre your fyne pouder of Frankensence, or of Carabe, vnto the waight of halfe a pounde. After this, prepare another white glasse of Christall, ha∣uing a broade mouth like to our pewter quarte potte, into which you may powre the hotte water, and into this set the first Cucur∣byte, in such order, that the same may stand vpright in the myddle of it. Then close the Cucurbite about his ende, beyng bored in the toppe, into which hole set an apte Tunnel, that may haue a tappe somewhat higher than the hole whose narrower part, & end, may regard or leane toward the glasse with ye hotte water, which thus prepared & done, powre the whote water into the Tunnel, and by opening or plucking forth the tappe, the hote water may not then distyll downe▪ by droppes softlie, into the vessell standing vnder: & on such wyse gouerne your water, that ye glasse be not drowned, for through this with the helpe togither of the vapour of the hote water, a most sweet & pleasant oyle ascendeth into the Lymbeck, bearing with it, or hauing the very sauour of the Frankensence, which without ye working with this vapor, doth most filthily smel.

Iohannes Manardus in his Epistle of the woormes .xxxi. wry∣teth that he obserued two simple oyles preuayling agaynst the woormes: as the oyle of Frankensence, & oyle of vitryol, prepared by the Chymis•••〈◊〉 arte. With the first (sayth h••) let the dully be annoynted: but in ministring the seconde, the same must cyr∣cumspectly be done▪ least the place may be vttered with it, if in∣wardly it be giuen or taken. But there be which dare giue, a litle droppe of it to drincke, with Mellarate.

An oyle of Myrre, that mayntaineth the person long youthfull, Page  159 euen as the naturall baulme doth: for this oyle by his naturall vertue defendeth & preserueth all things from putrifying, which are layd into it: and this also annointed on the face, mayntaineth a freshe & comely face, and that long youthful appearing. This be∣sides healeth woundes marueylous soone, and cureth all inwarde grieffes, or at the least, a marueylous nūber of diseases, in giuing vnto the quantity of two drams at a tyme by the mouth. This helpeth the defnesse of the eares, by powring certaine drops into them: and mightily auayleth against all maner of aches, procee∣ding of a cold cause: it preserueth the sight, by being distylled into the eyes, and especially one drop at a tyme: and marueylous sin∣gular for women payned with the griefe & disease of the matrice: and it stayeth the sheding of heyre, by anoynting the places with it: and annoynting all the parts of the body of him which hath a grieuous Ague, and procuring him to sweate, shall speedily be cu∣red of his ague: and many other sicknesses, doth this precious oyle cure, if those be wrought after knowledge. The making of which singuler oyle is on this wyse: take of chosen Myrre, that in no maner is falsyfied, sixe ounces, of pure Aqua vitae which hath no flewme in it twelue ounces, these after the myxing togyther in a glasse body, set into hote horse doong to digest, for sixe dayes. After the taking forth, distyl the substance in Balneo with an easie fyre at the first, vntyll all the Aqua vitae be distylled and come forth: for then wyll the oyle carry behinde in the bottome of the bodye, which strayne through a fyne lynnen cloath, the same dilygently kéepe in a glasse to your vse. And when any person wyll annoynt of it on the face, to make it seeme at one staye, and comelynesse, a long tyme: let him or hir make a decoction of Nettles in common water, and whyles the same boyleth, let the partie holde ouer his face, that it may by the same meanes strongly sweate, after in drying the face verye well, annoynt forthwith the face all about with the oyle: and the lyke maner may be obserued and vsed, in annoynting the breast, the handes, & other partes of the creature, in preseruing that those appeare not wrincled, and yll fauoured: as commonly they doe in olde age. This borrowed out of the worthy Gréeke, Leonarde Fiorauant.

This precious oyle of Myrre, is otherwyse prepared and made Page  [unnumbered] by a certayne practisioner, helping the aches and paynes of the Gowte, & seruing vnto many other maters afore vttered. Take of new layd egges ten in number, which after the hard seething, cutte into iust halfes: the yolkes taken forth, fyll those hollowe places with so much fyne powder of Myrre in eache, as wyll well contayne the half of the yolke. Which done, close the two halfes of the whites of the egges togyther, & putting or laying them in a glasen vessel, set after into a deepe seller, which let there remaine for fifteene dayes, or longer, and a lycour wyll then yssew forth, which keepe dilygently to your vse. And if the making of this oyle on this wyse, seemeth not agreeable to reason & arte, let them reade Mattholus last encrease vpon Diascories, where he vtte∣reth the same wordes aboue taught, &c.

Beniamine is the gum of a certayne trée, which (in the Italian tongue) is named Lasero Cirenaico, yt groweth in India, & brought to Venice, & other parts of the world, in very great pieces, being in sauour most pleasaunt, of which by art, may a most pleasant & marueilous oyle be drawne, seruing vnto diuers diseases, & very pleasant of smell: but who that myndeth to purchase an oyle, that for smell to be woondered at, let him prepare and draw the same, after this maner. Take one pound of Beniamine, of Leuanute, or the East Musk one dram, of most pure & fine Aqua vitae ten oun∣ces, of the Ryuer sand wel washed & dried before, fowre oūces, all these after the myxing togither, put into a Retort of glasse, of such a bygnesse, that the same may remayne three fowrth partes emp∣tie, after the substaunce put in, which then distyl in Balneo, vntyl all the substaunce be come: and when no more wyll distyll forth, draw away your Receauer, & seperate the water from the oyle, keeping eache a part by it selfe: for you shall then inioye a water ryght pleasant, and oyle of Beniamine myraculous. The lyke for sweetnesse and sauour not seene, nor inuented of any. This bor∣rowed out of the rationall secretes, of Leonarde Fiorauant.

An oyle of Beniamine is thus mdetake so much of the Aqua vitae, as of the Beniamine in wayght, which after the fine beating into powder, powre togyther into a short body & wyde, the same after set into a pan or earthen pot with ashes, the head close luted about in the ioynt, & receauer the lyke with past: this done, distyl Page  160 in the begynning with a soft fire, vntyl al the water be distilled & come. Which dilygently kéepe, in yt the same serueth vnto sūdry vses: after increase the fire by lytle & lytle, and when you see the oyle distyll forth, increase the fyre bygger and bygger, vntyl you shall haue obtayned all the oyle. And in the ende wyll followe a certayne gumme, lyke to Manna, which auayleth vnto the ma∣king of pleasaunt sweete water, with spryng water, but better and sweeter wyll it bee, being made with Rosewater. This bor∣rowed out of the Italian secretes, of Gabriell Fallopio.

Another oyle of Beniamine well cōmended, take of Beniamine one poūd, which after the fine beating into powder, powre into a body with a head (or rather into a Retort) on which poure then of Rosewater two pynts: the ioynts after dilygently stopped, begin to distyll with a soft fyre, vntyll all the water be come, then in∣crease the fyre vntyl you sée the oyle distyll, which appearing, in∣crease the fyre stronger & stronger, vntyll all the oyle be gotten, which rectify in the Sunne. And in the same maner altogyther, is an oyle distylled of the Storax, both Calamita, and Liquida.

An oyle by distyllaciō, of the Lyquide storax, is thus made: take of the Storax what quantity you wyl, the same put into a retort, vpon which powre so much of good Aqua vitae as the wayght of ye Storax, & to euery pound of the Storax, put in three oūces of ryuer sande wel washed & dried, which after the diligent luting set into ashes, beginning first with a soft fire, & after the appearance of ye oyle, increase ye fire stronger & stronger, vntyl al ye oile be distilled & come. And in the end of ye distyllatiō, when certayn fumes come into the retort which sauor, draw away the receauer, putting vn∣der another, for the odoriferous oyle otherwyse would be spylt & lost: after seperate the oyle from the Aqua vitae, which keepe in a glasse. This out of the rationall secretes, of Leonarde Fiorauant.

An oyle of Ladanum, is drawne and gotten on this wyse: take of Ladanum what quantity you wyll, which brought to powder, put into a copper body tynned within, on which powre a pynt or halfe a pynt of Rosewater, according to the quantity of the Lada∣num, & about halfe the wayght, powre in of the oyle of swéete Al∣mondes: after this set on the head lyke tynned within, and close the ioynt about, as you doe in the other oyles: after let the sub∣staunce boyle in your Furnace, for a reasonble tyme. In this, it Page  [unnumbered] behooueth to vse your owne discretion in permitting it to boyle, eyther a longer or shorter tyme, according to the quantitie of the substance, put into the body. And before you draw the oyle forth, let it throughly coole in the body, which after kéepe in a glasse to your vse. And that the same may the longer and better be pre∣serued, put into it a lytle of roch Alome burnt, or of Ambra cana.

Of the oyle of Turpentine. The xvj. Chapter.

THe auncient in tymes paste vsed alone the Turpentyne, and not the oyle, yet the oyle is the thynnest part of the Turpen∣tyne, helping the colde grieffes of the synewes, and all colde and wyndie diseases: in the harde fetching of breath, & shortnesse of wynd much auailing, if two drams of it be taken in the morning fasting for a tyme togyther. This also is profitable in the gathe∣ring of matter in the bulke of the stomacke, and in all maner of paynfull griefe in the breast, procéeding of flewme: the Collicke passions also, & all grieffes that commeth of wynde: it correcteth besydes, and bringeth to fayre passe, the scarres of wounds. Very fayre is the oyle of Turpentyne, and hath few Feces or grounds in the bottome of the body, after the distyllacion, for it is in a ma∣ner all oyle of it selfe, and the greatest part of it, is by distillacion gotten or drawne into oyle. For an oyle is purchased out of it, eyther by force of an extreame colde laboured, or of an extreame hotenesse done: euen as out of all matters in a maner, this may be drawne.

Also this distylled oyle of Turpentyne, healeth scabbes, and the choppes of them: the brayne it heateth & comforteth, by put∣ting vp a feather into the nosethrelles dypped in it, and draweth forth flewme without snysings: this healeth besydes, the chops of womens breastes. For the recouering of memory, defnesse, and the crampe, this obtayneth principalitie. That woundes may speedily bee healed, take the oyle of Turpentyne, and hea∣ted by the fyre, myxe with it an equall part of Viridis aeris, which after keepe to vse. This learned out of the written booke, of a no∣table Empericke.

Page  161The proper maner of distylling oyle out of Turpentine, reade among the Balsams: and in the first part, of the treasure of Euo∣nymus.

A symple oyle of Turpentyne, which hath many vertues, in sundry grieffes: take of cleare Turpentyne, what quantitie you wyll, and for euery pound put thrée ounces of the ashes of a hard or strong wood, which after the myxing togither, & put into a Re∣tort, set on a Furnace: and in the begynning distyll with a soft fyre, vntyll all the moysture be drawne: after increase the heate with a stronger fyre, vntyl al the oyle be distylled & come. Which kéepe diligently in a glasse, for this is the simple oyle of Turpen∣tyne, which serueth vnto many grieffes: & healeth simple woūds in .xxiiii▪ howres; by applying the oyle vpon. It is ryght profitable & auaylyable in sinewes hrunck, procéeding of a cold cause: in ta∣king one dram of it by the mouth with white wine or other wine, procureth the pacient to pysse spéedily, & dissolueth all the windy∣nesse of the body. This also helpeth stitches in the sides: & maruei∣lously▪ cureth pestilent Agues, by mynistring the same quantity (aboue taught) by the mouth: and by annoynting the mouth of the stomack with it, causeth a good digestion. This borrowed out of the Italian secretes, of Gabriell Fallopio.

Another of the same mans, I haue distylled (sayth Fallopio) in Padna, an oyle out of Turpentyne in the same maner, with wa∣shed in sand myxed, which so letted that the Turpentine dyd not hastily ascend: this I tryed, to be a marueylous oyle in wounds.

A compounde oyle of Turpentine, against the crampe, and o∣ther open paynes, take of cleare Turpentyne one pounde, of oyle Olyue tenne ounces, of Frankensens, of Sarcocolla, of Mastick, and of Saffron, of eache one ounce, of Panis porcini, of Cauda e∣quina or horse tayles, and of Madder, of eache one ounce, of earth wormes washed thrée ounces, all these incorporate well togyther in a panne, ouer a very soft fyre: which then powring into a Re∣tort of glasse; distyll in the begynning with a soft fyre: after in∣crease the fyre vnto the ende of the worke. Which ended, sepe∣rate the oyle from the water, and the oyle kéepe dilygently in a glasse. For this is a myraculous lycour, against the crampe: and marueylous sone healeth woundes, bruses, and other grieffes of Page  [unnumbered] the bodie. This out of the secretes, of Gabriell Fallopio.

An oyle out of Turpentyne (Larigna) marueylous against the shryncking of members, if members be annoynted with it, borrowed out of an vnknowne wryter, to the Aucthour. He tooke of Turpentyne one parte, of Vitryoll calcyned one parte, of Apples dryed and brought to powder without skynne or paring one part, of oyle Olyueene parte, of burnte Tyles one parte, all these synelie brought to powder, and myxed togyther, he let stande in a potte glased, in a hotte place, for fowretéene dayes, sturring it about each daye. After the whole he distylled by descention, in a vessell (which most diligently be luted, of thrée fyngers thycknesse) and through dryed it, before the occupying.

An oyle to be drawne out of Turpentnie with Sage, is on this wyse prepared & done, which preuayleth against the palsie of the members, left after an Apoplexie, or Hemiplexie. Let be put into a glasse Cucurbite, named a Retorte, of the gréene Sage leaues finely shred, about one pound, to which adde the same quantity of Turpentine, which may suffice to the forming of a certayne paste with the Sage, that the same may be handled with the handes, that is, that of the one there may be as much, as of the other, and so much in the ende, that after both myxed there be no more, than may fyll two thyrde partes of the glasse Retort. This before remembred, that the Retort be dilygently & strong∣lie luted about, after vse and art. Then set the bellie of the Re∣torte within the Furnace, fastned and luted dilygentlie in the ioynt after art, that no ayre breath forth. And let your Receauer be of a sufficient bygnesse, and strong, for if it shall otherwyse bée ouer small, then through the vehemencie of the spyrites, it wyll lyghtlie breake. In the begynning procéede with a softe fyre, and with the same fyre perseuere or continew so long, vntyll all the moysture of the Sage shall be distilled & come, for after the same, there is no daunger in the force of the fyre. But whyles the dy∣styllacion is in doing, the neck of the Retort wyll be vehemently hote: when as in it shall no other be contayned or remaine, then the excrementes of the Sage, and the remnaunt or Feces of the Turpētine, which are none other, than that named Colophonia▪Page  162 the necke shall then be cooled, although it may appeare very hote, in that no more doth after ascende, which may heate the necke. Yet that the whole distyllacion may be performed and done by a easier way, and with lesser danger, and that the fyre also may by a better meanes be gouerned according to the necessitie and wyl

[illustration]
of the workeman. For that cause are here two furnaces placed, standing one by the other, of which the one ser∣ueth for the fyre, & the other is for the Retort▪ this (for the Retort) receyueth the fyrie heate, by an apte hole fra∣med vnto it, placed in the myddle be∣twéene both, which may one whyles shutte, and another whyles open, according to the necessitie of the worke, through the helpe of a certayne plate or wyndowe of yron, hydde betwéene both the Furnaces.

And when any matter is in the distylling, both the Furnaces in the meane time ought to be closed and shutte in all places, except certayne vent holes in both the Furnaces, that the fume may so passe by them. And that these Furnaces, may appeare playner to vnderstanding, conceyue this figure, here aboue discrybed. With this oyle (purchased by the meanes aboue taught) the pay∣ned members ought moderatelie to be annoynted.

An oyle by distillacion of the shyppe pytch, annointed on places, doth auayle vnto the extenuation of resolued & weake members, yet doth it not lyke resolue, as the pytche lying a long tyme togy∣ther. An oyle out of the whyte pytche, by distyllacion may be got∣ten, ryght precious: this borrowed out of an Empericke, vn∣knowne to the Aucthour.

Page  [unnumbered]

Of the oyles gotten out of Barkes. The .xviij. Chapter.

A Water or oyle of Cynamon, is to be requyred and coueted before other waters, and Oyles: as the Cynamon it selfe in respect to other spyces. And the Cynamon is of a subtyll heate, through which it especially auayleth in the wynter, in that it strengthneth then more the stomacke, and marueylously putteth away all euyll and corrupt moystures of the stomacke, and de∣fendeth it from corrupting at all: it also sharpeneth the sight, and openeth any maner stopping of the veynes and marueylously comforteth the heart. But an oyle distylled of it, doth answere in generall to a naturall baulme, which within helpeth all putrifac∣tion, and without the body cureth all freshe woundes or vlcers. And the distylled water mightily auayleth in all colde diseases, as well of men, as women, especially which haue a stomacke so affected, that they haue no appetyte. When the spirites also bée weakned, or the pacient weake, a draft of this water, with a litle of good Malmesie, o of the iuyce of the Pomegranate, taken by the mouth, woonderfully auayleth and helpeth. Men in a maner dead, by dropping or powring a droppe or two into the mouth, doth recouer the person in a swoone or traunce: especially which to olde men many tymes hapneth, this is the presentest remedy. Mydwiues and other motherlye women with vs, carry of this water with them, and vse of the same with prosperous successe, to yong women in the daungerous traueyle of chylde. For doth in the hastening, and helping forward of the byrth, it is the wor∣thyest remedy. The sundry maners, that a water and oyle may be distylled & gotten out of the Cynamon, shal by a few examples here be vttered. Some there be which stiepe the Cinamon before in Rosewater, others in whyte wyne▪ many drawe it in a Cu∣curbyte luted about, but then is the substaunce lightly burned. If the same be distylled in a bladder (which the Apotetaryes vse) it can not then be done without the great quantity of Cynamon. The best maner and waye of drawing these, is in the vapour of boyling water: but as touching the rehersall of these, is here sufficient.

Page  163The Poticaries (certaine yeares past) were woont, to stiepe the Cynamon for certayne dayes, in Rosewater, as that which re∣garded the heart, and was alwayes applyed for the recouerie of strength: and for that a lyttle quantity of the water, hath not his smell, the water is estéemed of the lesser value with many. And for that cause better it is, that the Cynamō be stieped before the distyllation, in olde pleasaunt whyte wyne, for a certayne tyme: For on such wyse prepared, the distylled water is caused the excellenter, and in piercing more effectuous.

The maner of preparing a water out of Cynamon, which Ges∣nerus receiued of a certaine friend of his, that made great tryals, and often distylled the same. Let one pound of chosen Cynamon be gotten, which beat so fyne, that the powder may passe through a fine sieue, yet the whole you may not worke to powder: after put al into a Cucurbite, on which powre of the water of Borrage of Buglosse, of Endiue, and of baulme, of each halfe a pynt, these let stand to infuse in a glasse close stopped, for fowre or fiue daies. After out of this Cucurbite or glasse body, let the whole be shyf∣ted into a copper body, which you shall place in a Furnace with his head set vpon, & cooling beake fastened to after art: and beware that the body stand not ouer nigh the fyre, but that an yron plate full of holes, be fyxed in the myddle betweene, that the fyre may so vent through, and the vapour be sent vpwarde▪ Fyrst kyndle or beginne with a soft fyre, vntyll the distyllacion be some∣what come, but increase after the fyre bygger and bygger, that it may the spéedilyer distyll forth. When a measure is come or dy∣stilled forth, seperate yt a part, as principal, setting vnder another Receauer, for ye same which next distylleth & is gathered, is much inferiour to the first, and may serue for new Cinamon, to be stye∣ped in the same. And in the same maner, may a water be distilled out of Cloues. Where to be noted, that a maner and way of coo∣ling be vsed: as when the water beginneth to waxe hote; to draw forth the same, and powre in colder water.

A water of Cinamō, if any wyl distyl by a bladder made of cop∣per, togyther with a pype fyxed to it, passing through a vessell of cold water: a great quantity then shal be distylled togyther, for it would not easily be drawne in a small quantity. But in a Cucur∣bite Page  [unnumbered] dilygently luted, this speciall care is to be had, that your stuffe burne not to the bottome, whereby your water then distyl∣ling forth may sauour of the burning. That if the fyre shall be ho∣ter increased, an oyle also distylleth, and so much the more, if the Cynamon shall be stieped in good whyte wyne. A water distylled in a Cucurbite, is gathered whyte in the receauer.

I doe take (sayth the Aucthour) 〈◊〉 quantity of Cynamon, e∣uen so much as I thinck good, and put the same into a Cucurbite or glasse body not luted, togyther with water, to stiepe for cer∣tayne dayes, after I distyll the substaunce by the vapour of boy∣ling water, in such sort that the Cucurbite in which the Cyna∣mon is contayned, doth not touch the water, as the lyke Manar∣dus teacheth: and on such wyse I distylled and gathered a cleare water, not troubled, nor the spirites also of the Cynamon heated to much. Sometymes when I would haue the water myghtyer, I then adde to it a lytle of Gynger. And in this maner, a certaine Poticarie (with the Aucthour) distylleth the water of Cynamon.

Certayne others there be, which follow & vse this maner: take of water sixteene partes, of Cynamon one parte, which grosely was powdred togyther, the same after put into a Cucurbite to stiepe close stopped, for a certayne tyme, as eyther fowre, or fiue dayes: after this set on the head close to the body, and distyll the substaunce with a most temperate heate in Balneo Mariae, which excéedeth not the heate of mans vryne in the fyrst cōming forth, for so may a most pleasaunt water be drawne and purchased. In the tyme of this boyling, may hote water be powred in, that a lyke quantity continew styll, for doubte of wasting awaye, and you shall gather into a Receauer the distinct waters: as the fyrst a mightie water, the second of lesser strength, and the thyrd feble. And in the lyke maner may all other spyces be ordered and dy∣stilled: and many distyllers there be, which purchase by the same doing, an oyle and water.

Another maner brieflie, in purchasing the water of Cynamon: take of chosen Cynamon two ounces, of water, a fowrth part of a measure, of wyne so much, these after the myxing, distyll, as a∣fore taught.

Others prepare a water of Cynamon, after this mamer: Page  164

[illustration]
they take of Cyna∣mon, one pounde grosely beaten, on which they powre a Sextarie and a halfe, that is (about a wyne quarte) of pure water, which close couered, they let stand to infuse, for .xviii. howres, after they set the body on a soft fyre, & distylled the wa∣ter, euen as wée doe Aqua vitae, by a pype passing tho∣rowe a woodden vessell or tubbe fylled with colde water, which crooketh or wryeth in an out (after the fygure here playner dy∣scribeth) least the spyrites should burne. This fourme also may serue all those distyllacions, which ought to be done, by cooling meanes, thorow a vessell of colde water.

A certayne woman well practised, and skylfull in distylla∣tion, prepared and drewe Cynamon water, on this wyse: but it lyttle dyffereth, from the wayes afore vttered: take of the best Cynamon fynelye brought to powder in a morter, but not searsed, halfe a pounde, this so charilye powre into the distyllatorye bodie, that none cleaue on the sydes falling in, on which powre one measure and a halfe of cleare Cun∣duite water, then set the headde close to the bodye: after distyll in the begynning with a verye softe fyre, and increase the fyre by lyttle and lyttle, as you see the droppes come, eyther quicke, or slowly: to the Nose of the Lymbecke or headde, let a Pype bee fastened (as afore taught, and demonstrated) passing or retching through colde water, at the ende of which a Receauer fastened.

Page  [unnumbered]When the water thus commeth, you shall néede thrée persons to stand by, the one and first to consider & tende the head, and pype, that he or shee alwayes cooleth them, with lynnen cloathes wette in colde water & applied after discretion on the head and pype, the other standing by the Receauer, let him obserue and marke the colour of the water distylling into the receauer: the thyrde, that he marke and tende the glasse in such maner, as when neede shall be, to retche or put vnder speedily another Receauer, & to take the other againe, & stop dilygently. The water distilling hath fowre differences, for which cause it shal neede fowre sundry receiuers. The first water that cōmeth, is somewhat fattie and strong, and of this, is the best: and as this proceedeth in distylling, & a mylkie colour beginneth to come, then gather the second water, which in his fortitude lacketh of the first, or is of a weaker vertue: & when this colour is vanished, & that the water comming forth, as a wa∣ter distylled out of other matters, remember & consider the thirde water, which must lyke be gathered a part or seuerall by it selfe. When this water shalbe turned into a yellowe colour, or chaun∣ged yellowishe, gather then the fowrth water, which distylleth or commeth forth in a small quantity: and the worke is at an ende, when certayne droppes begynne to appeare of a redde colour, at which sight ceasse, for the rest behynd is of no force, nor serueth to any vse or purpose. Besides take héede, least through the force of the fyre your substance ouer high boyleth vp, & through the same may the distyllacion procéede amysse, & in daunger of losing the whole stuffe. Of which to be out of doubt, you shall auoyde & end that care (by good gouernment) in the space of one howre.

Thrée droppes of this water, myxed to other waters of lyke pro∣pertie aunswering, doe helpe the falling sicknesse. If with this, the veynes vnder the tongue be aptlie rubbed, doth helpe the pal∣sie persons in a short tyme.

Out of the Cynamon may by distyllacion, but a lyttle oyle be gotten, for which cause in the steede of it, we may often vse the water of Cynamon, especially the same which is first gathered, for this hath singular properties contayned in it.

An oyle of Cynamon, is prepared & gotten on this wyse, bor∣rowed out of a certaine written coppie, of an vnknowne Aucthor: Page  165 take of the best Malmesie thrée measures, and the same distylled twyse ouer. After let it be a thyrd tyme, that one measure onelye resteth in the Cucurbite. Let it be distylled once agayne, that a lesser quantity may remaine in the Cucurbite. Then let it be yet once agayne distylled, that one measure onely remayneth: by so often repiticion shal you haue the wyne very wel rectifyed, which kéepe to your vse. The same done, take of Cynamon what quan∣tity you thinke necessary, the same breake smally, after powre the Cynamon with the rectifyed wyne into a Cucurbite, that it may be two fingers aboue the Cinamon. Let the Cucurbite then be dilygently closed with a blynd Lymbecke, and setting it into Balneo Mariae, make a soft fyre vnder for thrée dayes. Which time ended, powre yt wyne warely forth, in regarding that none of the Feces or grosser substaunce be powred forth withall, & the wyne kéepe a part. Then powre other rectifyed wyne vpon, and worke as you did with the other before. These done, mixe eyther Aqua vitae or both togyther, in a Cucurbite, which dilygently co∣uer with a head, and begyn to distyll with a very soft fyre, and so slow, that nynes stroks or knockes with the finger, may be made betwéene drop and drop falling: and on this wyse you shall conti∣new, vnto the tyme that all the wyne be ascended: for in the bot∣tome then of the glasse, you shall haue an oyle, which dilygently kéepe.

The maner of preparing and drawing a water of Cynamon, and an oyle of the same: which a most singular Phisition named Maister Iohn Crato a Krafftheim, gently opened and taught to the Aucthour. The .xjx. Chapter.

TAke of the best and finest Cynamon, which beate very small, after the tying vp in a fine lynnen cloath, and this lytle bagge hanged within the vessell, in which water is conteyned in yt bot∣tome, but in such sort that the water toucheth not the bagge, and the vessell in the meane tyme dilygently closed, which vessell set into a great potte, full of hote and scalding water, in such maner, that the water, which is contayned in the same vessel: in which the Cynamon hangeth, may boyle: and let the Cynamon hang in Page  [unnumbered] this maner for a certaine space, in that or ouer that hote vapour, vntyll the Cynamon hath sufficiently drawne and gathered to it of moysture. After the Cynamon thus prepared and moystned with the vapour of the boyling water, let it be agayne beaten ouer, and as it were, a certayne paste made thereof, and the same togyther with the impressed lycour, which it before gathe∣red and receyued, let be put into a Lymbecke: if néede shall re∣quyre, you may yet powre in some more hote water, but ye lesser water you powre in or occupye, so much the worthier water of Cinamon you shall possesse, and somwhat also of the Oyle. But if you couet to haue a more store of water, and lesse precious, then powre in the more water, as certayne (at this daye) doe, to pur∣chase them rather a more gayne, then mennes commoditye and health: but ordering it thus, you shall then obtayne, eyther none, or very lytle of the Oyle.

[illustration]

A. Representeth the couer of that pot, in which the Cynamon is hanged: this couer, if it haue within a head pynne, made of purpose, in the myddle as it were, of the hollownesse, lyke to that pynne set in the toppe of a Helmette, or rather as this fy∣gure more playnlie demonstra∣teth, to which the bagge may aptlyer be fastned, and hang by that meanes the iustlyer in the myddle. That if the same lyke can not be gotten or wrought, in putting a stycke ouerthwart the head of the potte, it may to the stycke be tyed and hang. And the couer stoppe dilygently about▪ that no ayre breath forth.

B. B. Doth here represent the emptie hollownesse of the vessell.

C. Doth here shewe the bagge fylled with the Cynamon.

E. Expresseth the tunnell pype, by which the water, if that any fayleth or néedeth, may be powred in, but the hole after Page  166 dilygently stopped.

F. F Is here the great potte full of water, which conteyneth and receyueth the vessell▪ into which the Cynamon is put.

If the vessell receyuing the lycour distylled▪ be large, there néedeth not to drawe the water by the pype of the Helmette, ex∣ept the Receauer waxe hote▪ and then let a lynnen cloath wette in colde water be applyed vpon, which by that meanes, shall per∣fourme and yéelde the same vse. In the same maner, as the wa∣ter of Cynamon is prepared and drawne; may also the Annise, the Fennell, the Cummyne, &c. be distylled and gotten.

The distylled oyles of Gums, and Rosens, hae another ma∣ner and way, and requyre an inspection in the putrifying: for a man must dilygently beware and foresée, that the fyre be made very soft vnder, and the same styl or continually a lyke, for if the spirite once beginneth to breath forth, the oyle and whole worke is loste. And vnto vse, must not the ponde, but ryuer water be taken.

Againe the oyle of Cynamon, certaine doe affyrme, that the same to be prepared and made of some, with Aqua vitae: and that it ought to be applied to them that are encombred with the falling sicknesse, by gyuing of the oyle for three monethes, as daylye a droppe with Maiorome water, or some other lyke.

An oyle out of the ryndes of the Orrendges dryed, is made most singular: but whether the same ought only be done in the Sun, or by distyllacion properly, as yet is not knowne to the Aucthour. But this the Aucthour learned and knew, that the Oyle is why∣tishe and sweete smelling, and hath very lytle sowrenesse, or in a maner nothing at all, that the Aucthour could taste or féele.

An oyle out of the ryndes of Nuttes: take the drye rynders of Nuttes, which after the beating in a morter, put into a Retorte very well luted about, the same set ouer a fyre not ouer bygge, & you shall then drawe forth an Oyle and water out of the ryndes. After shall you seperate the oyle, from the water, by Balneo Ma∣riae. And last, you shal purge the oyle, by distylling of it in a smal glasse in Sande, three or fowre tymes ouer. This is in a maner better, then the oyle of Vitryoll, especially in the pestilence, and in poyson, G. Ras.

Page  [unnumbered]

Of the oyle of Tartare, which is the drye Lyes of wyne prepared. The ▪.xx. Chapter.

AN oyle of Tartare is on this wyse drawne & made: take of the Tartare of the whyte wyne, or Malmesse, if you can get the same (for it shall be ye better) as much as you think good, the same calcyne in a glasse Furnaces: vntyl it be so white as Meale: which done, prepare & get a marble stone into moyst place, this so or∣der, that it may seeme to hang, on which lay your Tartare calcy∣ned, that wyl of it selfe dyssolue & conuert into oyle, within sixe or eyght dayes, which gather and let runne through a strayner or

[illustration]
ypocrasse bagge, into a vessell or panne set right vnder, & this wyl be whyte of colour, which keepe in a glasse close stopped. This is the true oyle of Tartare, but the same is most strong & corrosiue: when any womā wyll vse of this to bewtifye the face, let hir then myxe a litle of it with some other water proper to the face, with which wash morning & euening the face, for it corrodeth & clenseth all maner spots of yt face, cleareth & whyteneth the face, and taketh awaye the rednesse of the same. This oyle cleareth the hands, of any fowle spots: it mundifieth matrie & fowle vlcers, by washing them sundry tymes with it. This also helpeth the euyl dispositi∣ons of the stomak▪ by taking one scruple of it, with two ounces of rosed Hony, and thrée ounces of Rosewater by the mouth, in the morning fasting. This besides serueth for fixation, in Alchimye matters. This borrowod out of the Italian secretes, of that sin∣gular Gabriell Fallopio.

Another oyle of Tartare, borrowed out of the same Aucthour: take of Tartare, cleauing to the sydes of the vessels, especially of the whyte wyne, which beaten before, calcyne in an earthen pan, Page  167 after the calcynation, beate againe, which being put into an ypo∣crasse bagge, hang in a colde & moyst seller, setting vnder a deepe glased panne: the same let there hang for sixe, or eight dayes, vn∣tyll you see the oyle come. This oyle thus purchased, helpeth all maner of spottes of the face, maketh a cleare, & smooth skynne: it healeth the fowle scruffe, scabbes, & ryngwoormes, the rednesse of the face, through a saltmatter, and such lyke.

An oyle of Tartare▪ that auayleth against the pushes, or lyttle wheales of the eyes, proceeding of the Leprie. Take of Tartare beaten, three poundes, this put into a glased potte with twentye ounces of vineger, boyle for halfe an howres space, which in the meane tyme dilygently skym, after take the pot from the fyre, in stopping it dilygently, that no vapour breath forth. Then set the potte againe an whote ymbers or hote coales, which let there so long boyle, or calcyne, vntyll the Tartare may be brought into powder againe. The same after the cooling, or being colde, bring to powder, which the powre into a Sugar strayner, or ypocrasse bagge, and hang it in a cold and moyst place, or wyne seller, some glased panne set vnder. The vse of this oyle, is on this wyse: let the pacient before enter into bathe, & at night when he goeth to bedde, annoynt the places vnder the eyes, where the wheales or bladders appeare, & couer them dilygently with a lynnen cloath, that they may not be touched of the ayre before the drying vp of it. This continew in lyke order, morning and euening, for eyght dayes togyther.

For to calcine the Tartare on a sodaine, that with nyter it may be whyte, which auayleth aygainst wartes: out of a writtē Ger∣maine booke. Take of salt peter & Tartare brought to powder, of each a lyke quantity. After heate an oarthen pan not glased, into which powre the nyter and Tartare, & when they make a ose & shale through burnt they become spéedily whyte. This Tar∣tare thus calcyned, after the lying in a bagge, you shall hang in a moyst Seller, and an Oyle wyll dystyll forth into the panne standing vnder. This oyle thus gathered, doth remoue & put a∣way the wartes on the handes, and other parts, if with it they be annointed. Here is to be noted, that when you shall myxe lesser togither of nyter, then of the Tartare, the substance after the cal∣cynation, wyll not be so whyte: although fowre ounces of salt Page  [unnumbered] peter, with one pound of Tartare, myxed togyther, may calcyne the Tartare, but not reduce it into a whytenesse, but that the same wyll after remayne blacke, out of which an oyle notwith∣standing is woont also to be distylled.

Of the oyles that are drawne out of woodes. The .xxj. Chapter.

[illustration]

THat an oyle may be drawne or gotten out of any woodde: take the small chyppes of eyther the Guaicum, the Pyne trée, the Ashe, or Iuniper tree, which or∣dered by two pottes, distyll after by discention (as afore was taught) or happily as you know, and you shall purchase without doubte oyle abundantly. But if you wyll, that it should be migh∣tyer wrought, and that the same may be worthier, distyl then the substance by a Retort, and your oyle shal after be very fayre, and piercing, and sone entering, where so euer it is applyed.

An oyle out of the wood Guaicum, or (that better succéeded) out of the Polly wood (sayth Manardus) I vsed in the French grieffes or vlcers, or in Aches: vnto which vse, doth the oyle also out of the Iuniper woodde, not a lytle auayle.

An oyle out of the wood of the Ashe trée, is prepared & made in the same maner, as out of the Guaicum: the vse of it serueth, in a colde ache of the ioyntes, and bringeth to a scarre the excoriatiōs: it doth properly dissolue and put away the whyte morphew, and maketh it appeare blacke. And in the lyke maner, may an oyle be gotten, out of all wooddes: this Rogerius. Such an oyle besydes, cureth the palsie persons. Manardus also reporteth, that the oyle of the Ashe wood, not onely annoynted, but druncke also, to helpe the persons diseased with the Splene or Mylt.

An oyle out of the yuie woodde, howe the same may be prepa∣red & gotten, was afore taught in the place, where wee instructed Page  168 the maner of drawing an oyle, out of the Iunyper berryes, bor∣rowed out of Rogerius.

An oyle out of the Iunyper woodde, is obtayned in the same maner, as the oyle out of the yuie woodde, that remooueth or re∣presseth the causes of coldnesse, and the type or fygure of the quar∣tayne: but more singuler and especiall it is, by annoynting from the nauell, vnto the pryuie place: for it auayleth and hath the propertie, to comfort the kydneys, and matrice, and to drye vp the moysture of it, and to prepare also the partie meete vnto con∣ception: this Rogerius.

The Oyle of Iuniper, doth auayle in Fistulaes, in cuttes of the skyn, in that named, Malum mortuum: the Serpigo & Canker of the Legges, in wounds & euyll vlcers. Take of the small chyppes of the Iuniper wood, a sufficient quantitie, which put into a bigg glased pot or great pytcher glased within, & fylling the pot full, whose mouth ought to be narrowe: after make a deepe hole in the earth, and prepare the walles of it with potters earth, after set the other potte glased within to the bottome of the hole, and vp∣ryght standing, hauing a large mouth, and couered with a plate stricken full of small holes, after sence and stoppe the mouthes of these two pottes, set one within the other, with potters earth, that no ayre breath forth of neyther potte, which couered close a∣bout with earth, kyndle, and maintayne the fyre cleare for thrée howres, vntyll ye shall haue yéelded the best oyle of the Iunyper woodde, into the lesser and shorter vessell standing vnder.

An oyle of the Iunyper woodde rectified, is wrought in the first distyllation by discention: after the whole powred into a glasse bodie, distylled ouer agayne, and that vpward, in Balneo Mariae, which although it be the slower waye, yet is it the come∣lyer maner, and causeth a bewtyfuller oyle, then eyther in Sand or ashes, in that it causeth the oyle readyer in them.

An oyle out of the small chyppes or pieces of the woodde which the Germaines name Hobelspon, prepared and drawne on this wyse, helpeth sundrie grieffes of the eyes: take of the good mother of Pearles, which laye for a nyght, eyther in a wyne Seller, or into colde water, after let it be throughly dryed: which done, to this mother of pearles, put in so many chyppes of the Page  [unnumbered] wood as the potte wyll well receyue, the same drawe with a fire by descention, or by (a shorter way) kyndle the chyppes, & an oyle wyll come, of a yellow colour for the eyes.

Of the oyles gotten out of Paper, and the pieces of lynnen cloath. The .xxij. Chapter.

AN oyle out of Paper is thus purchased, take a pewter dyshe, in which put so much paper as you mynde to burne: after the paper burnt, you shall finde a yelowishe some running out of the dyshe, the same gather, and annoynt the wryncled or folded eye lyddes: or otherwyse vse for the spottes, the whitneses, and other grieffes of the eyes.

An oyle otherwise purchased out of paper, make a long hoode rolled togither of whyte paper, the very top of which cutte of: and the sharpe ende folded many tymes about, holde with a payre of sheeres or long nyppers, on such wise that the broder edge & ende hang or be within the dyshe, vntyll the halfe, or greater part be burnte, yet suffer not the flame to fall into the dyshe, vnto the ende of the worke.

An oyle out of lynnen pieces, take a fine lynnen cloath cleane washed, the same kindle or burne ouer a pewter dysh, & a canstick oyle wyll come, with which annoynt vlcers: after dissolue chalke in vyneger, into the maner of a whyte oyntment, with which an∣noynt rounde about, as a defensiue to the place.

[illustration]

Of the oyles out of Beastes, or their partes, togyther with an E∣pistle of Arnoldus de villa noua, of mans blood distylled. The .xxiij. Chapter.

MY dearelye beloued friende Maister lacobus, of late you required of mée, that I would o∣pen to you my secrete of mannes blood, which the dyuine power fauouring and helping mée, and by my owne industry (although not wholy) and by many experi∣ences, with the manifold labors bestowed, I haue founde some Page  169 worthy practises, of which I haue tried, and those by my letters, I mind to vtter to you. And although I haue béen a long time oc∣cupyed about the same, yet for that I now waxe aged, & set ran∣cour or enuie aside, for that cause, will I fully open to you, what I many times, haue experienced, by this worthy secrete. Therfore giue eare, and heare the chosen secretes, and wordes of my mouth in that the holy Ghost, where (it him best liketh) breatheth his di∣uine gifte▪ and of this, let it be recluded in the pitte of a penitent breast, if any will make common, or reueile this secret, to either a foolishe, or negligent person, which the auncient in times past, so carefully and busily sought, and yet could not attaine the same yea they many wayes practised, and yet could not retche to, nor purchase the same high secret. For it is celestiall gift, reuealed to vs vnworthy of God, which neither ye Phisitions before knew, nor the Philosophers also which laboured in the déepe secretes of Alchymie, found. But I take God to witnesse, that by sundry tra∣ueiles, which a I long time haue bestowed (as you know) in the secrete Art of Alchymie, haue nowe brought to passe, that I haue knowen by experience, such an efficacie to be of this matter, that ye full to vtter of the singuler vertues of it, my wittes will not ex∣tend, & for that cause I reclude thē, in the pit of a penitent breast.

To come to the matter, conceaue this secrete, yt is, mans blood, and let the blood be of healthfull men, about xxx. yéeres of age, out of which draw according to Art, the fowre Elements, as you wel haue learned and know by the rules of Alchymie, and diligently stoppe eche Element a part, that no ayre breath forth.

For the water of it auayleth in all sicknesses, as well hotte as colde, in yt the same is of a hid nature & propertie, & reduceth vnto a temperament the qualitie decayed, and doth especially auaile in pacients corrupted in the spirituall members, & expelleth poyson from the heart. It hath also the vertue to enlarge, and moysten the Arters, & this I say, through the manifest working, that it dis∣solueth the grosse flewme contained in ye Lungs, without harme, and the same vlcered (no mightie matter hindering) it throughly healeth. And briefely, all matters found in the Lungs, and spiri∣tuall members, this singularly purgeth, & preserueth those pur∣ged. It clenseth the blood, without any other medicine ministred. It cureth also, any fluxe of the belly, and spéedily delyuereth and Page  [unnumbered] healeth any impostume of the side.

The Ayre also distylled of it, much auayleth vnto the aforesaid matters, & perhaps more, then the water, & doth especially auayle in young persons, that they may perseuer & continue in the same state of strength & youthfull comlinesse, if they vse now & than of it, & in a little quantitie at a time. And it is in a manner of such a vertue, that it suffereth the blood by no meanes to putrifie, nor flewme to superabound or haue the ouerhand, nor that choller to burne. Further it doth increase blood aboue measure, and for that cause, it behoueth such vsing it, to blede often by vaine. The same Element besides doth open the vaine & synewes, & if any vertue shall be deminished in them, this reduceth it vnto a dew tempe∣rament. I haue besides these prooued (saith the Aucthour) that if a young person, before the state and rypnesse of his age, as in the growing tyme, shall haue the sight perished▪ let hym euery day put one droppe of this Element into the eye, and kéepe him quiet for a moneth togither, shall recouer his sight without doubt. If in any member also, any superfluous matter consisteth, or commeth apt to putrifying, this forth with dissolueth and taketh it awaye, and if it findeth any thing, that is diminished, it strengthneth the same by restoring. And this Element auayleth in the Applexie, the falling sicknesse, the dymnesse of sight, the mygrynie, the gyd∣dinesse of the head, and in all these it ought to be ministred with some apt electuarie, auailing vnto the purpose.

But the fyre purchased of it, is more precious and maruey∣lousser, and auayleth vnto all those, which the ayre helpeth, yea and vnto that which more is, of the man dead, that it restored to lyfe; this is here so ment and vnderstanded. That if in the howre of death (yet resting or yeing) be giuen of this fyre, vnto the waight or quantitie of a wheate graine, distempered or myxed with wine, in such maner entered downe, that it be past ye throte, it shall forthwith cause the person to reuyue againe, & shall at the instant enter to the heart it selfe, in expelling the superfluous hu∣mours, and with this reuyueth the naturall heate of his Lyuer, and quickneth so all the partes, that it moueth the pacient & very weake person, as it were within an howre to speake, and to di∣spose and vtter his will, &c. And on this maner, I saw (sayeth the Aucthour) a myracle wrought on the noble Earle and deputie of Page  170 Paris, which before laye in a manner as dead, and immediately after he had receaued this downe, became agayne to himselfe somewhat, and within an howre after dyed. And this I mini∣stred, and tryed in many the lyke. If olde men also vse of this fyre euerie daye, in a lyttle quantitie, it maketh olde age lustie, and to continew in lyke estate a long tyme, in that this cheareth their heartes, in such manner: that they wyll thincke themselues to possesse In enyle heartes and courages. And for that cause thys fyre, is named the Elixir vitae: yet is not this the Alchimisters Elixir▪ in that this is prepared and drawen of putrifyed blood. If the same also were made of putri∣fyed blood, then mans nature would ouermuch abhorre such a medicine. This conceaue, that if the Elementes shalbe distilled a seconde time ouer, they shall then be most excellent, & through them may a man lyue, vnto ye vttermost peryode of his life, with∣out disease or sickenesse, if of these be vsed, euery other day. And such a skill and knowledge consisteth in these last distillations, e∣uen as is in the distillations of Alchymie.

Here note of this mans blood, that I doe myxe the same freshe drawen, wyth the strongest and best Aqua vitae, and doe distill 〈◊〉, and the same shall serue, for the fyrst Elemente. And vpon the Feces, I powre another most strong water of lyfe, and distyll in lyke manner, and the same shall be, for the seconde Elemente. Here somewhat (séemeth to lacke) and thys I proone, sayth the Aucthour; in that he wryteth, let a latten cuppe bée made, and set on a Table, and if poyson be layde or set néere to it, the cuppe wil, then chaunge into sundry colours, like to ma∣ilyne▪ &c: and on such wyse in poyson knowen to be there pre∣sent, and a like matter of the Ague.

A most holy Oyle prepared and made of deade mens bones, seruyng vnto all griefes, and often prooued of the Aucthour, af∣ter a dewe Purgation, take of the great benes of deade men, breakyng them into small pieces, which after suffer to be glow∣ing hotte in the fyre, and beyng so fyerie hotte, quence them spéedily in a panne or potte, fylled wyth auncientoyle Olyue, and assoone as you haue put them into the Oyle, forthwyth stoppe close the mouth of your potte, with a proper couer, as Page  [unnumbered] the lyke we taught, in the making of the Philosophers Oyle. Which bones leaue thus to stiepe and soke in the Oyle for cer∣tayne howres (whether sixe, or eyght howers, or more) these bones thus ordred, (without any part of the oyle, yet resting be∣hynde in the pot▪ beate fyner to a powder, which alone put into a Retort, and distyll it lyke to the Oyle of the Philosophers, afore taught, which keepe in a glasse, and vse after knowledge. For this worketh a mighty matter, vnto all paynes of the ioyntes, experienced.

An Oyle of bones, helping the falling sicknesse: Take the hinder sea••e bones of dead men (named Sut••• laborides) ••ose put vnto calcyning, vntyl they be glowing hote, after let them be quenched in oyle Olyue, and then brought to powder, as afore taught of the other bones aboue▪ and lyke vsed in the distylla∣cion: this is a most singuler medicine and remedy, by annoyn∣ting the apt place.

An Oyle of mens bones, by discention, that mightily auayleth against the gowte: of experience.

An oyle drawne out of the excrements of chyldren, that auay∣leth in the fowle matterie scabbes of the head: distyll twyse ouer in a glasse Lymbecke the excrem••••s or orur of ••yldren, and with the Oyl (that you shall draw of the same) apply hote on the grieued place or 〈…〉 parte: but before you ••all •••ppe nee•• away, or shaue away the heyre, a••hall washe the affected place with sharpe lye▪ prepared and made after this maner: take of the ashes made of the Oke branches a reasonable quantity, on which powre a lyke quantitye aunswering of water, this couer with a cloath close, letting it so stande to infuse for a daye and a halfe, into this water then put in one handfull of the whyte whea•• eares: which done, washe the affected parte, once a daye, with the sayde water or lye, letting it drye in, after annoynt the place, as aboue taught.

An Oyle out of mannes ordure, doth cure the Canker, and mortifyeth the Fistula. Of the properties of the water, drawne out of mane ordure, reade among the waters out of Beastes.

An Oyle or fatnesse, gotten out of a fatte Goose, auayleth a∣gainst the colde ioynt ache, & gowte: and I beléeue also (sayth the Page  171 Aucthor) that this mightily helpeth the extenuation of members. An old Goose stuffed or fylled with swynes blood, shéepes sewet, pytche, larde or common fatte of the hogge, of each two ounces, of Frankensence three ounces, & a lytle waxe: this Goose so ordred, roste according to discretion, vnder which set a panne glased, to gather the fatnesse distilling, the same dilygently kéepe, and with it often annoynt the grieued place. In the lyke maner, they doe distyll a fatnesse out of a fatte whelpe, stuffed with Iunyper ber∣ryes, Beares grease, &c.

An oyle or distylled licour, gotten by discention, out of the Bad∣gare or Graye, helping members shruncke, through synewes shrunck, borrowed out of a written booke in the Germaine tōgue. Take a Graye or Brocke, whose skynne flaye of, & cutting of the head & feete, and throwing away the bowels: this then so ordred, put into a glased earthen potte ful of holes in the bottome, which set into another wyder mouth potte glased within, the same after bury in the earth, when they be close luted in the seame or edge, and the mouth of the vpper potte close stopped, that no ayre out of eyther poste may passe. Which done, let a fyre of cleare coales, be made round about the vpper potte, that all the fatte by such a meanes & way may from the vpper, distyll through the holes in∣to the neather potte: and when all (by coniecture) shalbe thought distylled and come: then after with that fatnesse kept, annoynt the shruncke members.

An oyle marueylous, gotten out of the Beuer, that helpeth any palsie, & extenuacion of partes: take a Beuer, the same let be put into the strongest Aqua vitae, that it may putrifye, which after distyll with a soft fyre, with which let the partes be annoynted.

For the extenuation of a member (resolued) distyll the féete or fatnesse, & the Lyuer of a Calfe new kylled, with fine handfulles of Sage, & one ounce of Pepper: with this annoint the member.

A marueylous oyle distylled of Egges, & experienced on many matters, the Aucthor not knowne: take of the yolkes of Egges sodden harde, fiftéene in number, those breake betwéene the fin∣gers, with one dram of Pelytorie brought to powder, these distyl togyther in a glasse, but first begyn with a soft fyre, after by lytle & lytle increase the fyre, so that in the ende, let the fyre be strong, vntyll all the lycour be drawn and come. Which done, take of Page  [unnumbered] whyte Frankensence, of Castorie, and of Ladanum, of each halfe a ounce, althese brought to pouder, mixt with ye oyle new drawē, and let these togither be distilled fowre times againe, euer pow∣ring the oyle vpon the pouders. The fire of the first and second di∣stillation, let it be but weake, this oyle in the end kept stopped di∣ligently in a glasse, kéepe to your vse. For this is a great secrete, and a proued matter or practise, vnto these which ensue. First this healeth the defaults & griefes of the eyes, if a drop at a time shalbe instylled into them. This mortifyeth & cureth by annoyn∣ting the Fistulaes. It healeth the Canker, & vlcers hard to close, and doth besides that which other remedies cannot ouercome. It destroyeth and maistereth the griefe named the figge or sort, lyke to a skabbe, which groweth in the places of a mans body where heyre is▪ It taketh away the prickings of any part of the body, & cureth thē. It healeth the mattery skabbe on the head, if ye heyres afore be shauen away, & that the skinne be rubbed with a lynnen cloth wette in lye, & that dried in, annoynt the places after wyth the oyle. This also profiteth the Apoplexie & especially the gowte if the places be annointed with it twise a day, for fowre dayes to∣gither. This also speedily healeth the burning of fire, by annoyn∣ting the places with it, & cureth the disease called the woulfe.

An oyle out of egges: take sixe egges, which boyle vnto a hard∣nesse, after the shelles pylled of, cut away the whites, the yolkes after with your fingers, breake into smal péeces, those put into a frying panne, which whilest they heate & fry sturre to and fro, by little & little, with a spone, vntill they begin so to melt, & runne in the panne, yet doth the substance remaine, of a yelow colour, whē the whole shall be in this redinesse, powre the substance into lyn∣nen bagges, which wring hard in a presse, & you shall possesse a ly∣cour or yelow oyle, with which annoynt the burnings.

Others, after the yolkes be so heated & molten in a pan, vnto the time the substance run about the pan, yet do they further heate, & as it were fry thē, vntill they appeare dry and blacke in the pan, which they assoone after as these shall thus be dried, and become blacke, do melt them againe, & by that meanes cause a plentifull moisture, & blacke, to run forth, yet ill sauoring. Thē with a spone those which be in the frying pan, they stur grossoly togither, yt the oyle & all the humour fallen to the one side of the frying pan, may Page  172 like fall into the other side, and be so gathered to vse.

A redde oyle out of the yolkes of egges, that auayleth agaynst a colde gowte, borrowed out of a written booke, in the Italian tongue. Take the hard yolkes of seuentie egges sodden, out of which let an oyle be drawen after this maner: let them be put in∣to a frying panne on the fyre, which stur to & fro with a spone di∣ligently, and let the same so long frye, vntyll it be well molten, the whole after put into lynnen bagges, wette before in water, which wring harde out in a presse, and an oyle will distyll forth. With this oyle myxe of Pelytorie, of Castorie, of Masicke, and of Ladanum of eache one ounce, all these togyther put into a glasse Limbecke, distill after the accustomed manner with a soft fyre, the ioyntes of the heade and receauer before close luted that no ayre breath forth, and the same which shall come of this di∣stillation, repeate vpon the Feces thrise ouer, and with this oyle, annoynt the grieued place, and it shall speedily cure it, for this is a most excellent oyle prooued.

A Iuyce or lycour, pressed out of the hard yolkes of Egges sod∣den, and instilled or dropped into the eares, doth much helpe the ringing and sounding of the Eares. The oyle of the yolkes of egges druncke, before meate, putteth away drunckennesse, howe mightily any drincketh. If paine vexeth a person, by the cutting of any member, if is cured by the oyle of the yolkes of egges, and Goose grease incorporated togyther, vnto the forme of an oynt∣ment, and of it applyed vpon, which doth marueylously asswage the paine, and causeth sléepe. This also mytigateth the payne of the priuie member, annoynted with it. The vse of it also serueth in Alchymical works, in that the same fixeth certaine medicines.

The shelles of egges clensed or pylled from the inner skynne, out of which Chickins haue lately bene hatched, beate to fyne pouder, of this a dram waight druncke, wih Saxifrage water, doth prouoke vrine speedily, this borrowed out of Leonellus.

Out of the hony, is a Quintisence drawen, by Art of distillatiō which yeeldeth marueylous and wonderfull effectes, prepared & drawen on this wyse: Take of honie two poundes, that is very cléere, of a good sauour, & gathered of Bées in a good region or coū∣trey, which put into a large glasse body, that remayneth fowre or fyue parts emptie, this body lute about very well, setting a head Page  [unnumbered] close vpon, with the Receauer luted to the Nose: after make a fire, which mayntayne greater & greater, vntyll certayne whyt fumes or vapors come or appeare, which after be conuerted into water by applying linnen cloathes wet in cold water & those layd on the head of the glasse, & the lyke on the necke of the receauer. The water distilling, wyll then come redde as blood: which at the ende of the distyllacion, powre into a glasse, dilygently stopping it, & letting it there stand, vntyl the water come most cleare, & be of a Rubine colour. The same then distyl agayne by Balneo Ma∣riae, aboue sixe or seuen tymes, thorow which it loseth the redde colour, & receyueth a golden colour, and it then obtayneth a most sweete & fragrant sauour. This quyntisence, doth dyssolue gold, and maketh it potable or to be drunck, & the lyke, it dyssolueth all precious stones infused or put in it. For this is a blessed water, which giuen to the quantity of two or thre drams, vnto a person lying at the poynt of death, maketh him speedily recouer & come to him selfe againe. If with it wounds or other fores be washed, or applyed wet vpon, are spéedily cured. This the lyke healeth the cough, the rewme, & sicknesses of the splene. If it shalbe twē∣tie tymes distylled ouer, it woulde render or restore sight to the blynd. I have (sayth the Aucthour) giuen it to a person of ye palsie, xlvi. dayes, through which he was thorowly cured. This besides healeth the falling sicknesse, & preserueth the body from putrify∣ing. To whome I gaue this by the mouth, I ministred it so close∣lie (in that I would not be sene of any standing about) thorow my which doing, and the successe that followed, they supposed me to vse some maner of incantacions. This borrowed out of the gréeke Leonarde Fiorauant.

An oyle of Hony, seruing vnto the colouring of the heyres of the head yellow: take of Hony one pound, to which adde one handful of wheaten meale, these after the myxing, distyl according to art, and drawe the oyle from the water, after myxe the oyle and wa∣ter togyther in a glasse, with which kembe the heyres.

The distylling of two waters, of which the one serueth to the clearing & bewtifying of the face, and the other, to the colouring & dying of the heyres of the head yellow. Take of the best Hony one pounde, this put into a great Retort, set into sande on a Fur∣nace, vnder which make a soft fyre, vntyll a whyte water be dy∣stylled Page  173 & come: and when a yellow begynneth to distyll, draw a∣way the Receauer, setting vnder another, and increase the fyre by lytle and lytle, vntyll certayne whyte fumes y••ew forth, and so long mayntayne your fyre, vntyll no more lycour wyll distyll forth. And this last distyllacion, wyll be of a Rubyne colour: with which if you wet the heyres, it dyeth them of the colour of golde, and maketh the heyres grow very fayre and long. But washing the face with the fyrst water, maketh it comely and fayre, and preserueth the skynne a long tyme, from appearing olde. These two, haue many noble women vsed, and founde great vtility by them: as well for the face, as colouring the heyre, to their great admiration, as wryteth the Aucthour, Leonarde Fiorauant.

A water or lycour, prohybiting or letting the ingendring of the stone: Take of new Hony two poundes, of Venice Turpen∣tyne one pound, these after the myxing togyther, distyll with a soft fyre: let the pacient take ounces, but (I rather iudge two drams) to be taken, in the morning fasting.

A lycour or water out of Hony, drawne by distyllacion, which serueth vnto the making of the heyre yellowe, cytrine, and gol∣den. Take of Salt peter, and Hony, of eache a lyke quantity, these after the myxing, distyll in a tynne Lymbecke: with this water, kembe the heyres of the head. But after the wtting of the heyre, beware that it toucheth not the skynne, or fleshe.

An Oyle out of fat waxe, drawne by Chymicke or Chymisticke arte, most excellent vnto the softning of hard swellings: in that it mightily pierceth, softneth, & dyssolueth, & this is no common me∣dycine in brynging wounds to fayre scarres, so that within a few dayes, after the closing of the wound, you vse to apply of it, least a newe inflamation be caused. The oyle is on this wyse prepared: take new waxe (& Gesnerus iudgeth virgin waxe to be takē) & the same especially fat, which you shall leasurely melt in some vessel▪ with a soft fyre, & the same you shall often washe, and thryst hard togyther in wine, which you shal melt agayne, and into the same molten, shall you put many small pieces broken, of Tyles made glowing hote, which may so drinck vp much of the waxe, and this doe a second, and thyrd tyme, if néede shall requyre, vntyll all the waxe be thus druncke vp: which done, put al your small and fine pieces of Tyles, into that croked body named a Retorte, the same Page  [unnumbered] dilygently fence with the lute of wysdome, to which fasten a re∣ceauer, to receyue the drops distylling: the first which commeth, wyll be a water, but in the end wyl a most pure oyle distyl forth, which you may vse vnto the mollifying & softning of members: this Bartholomeus Maggius, in the cure of harde swellings. I learned (sayth the Aucthour) of a certaine Alchymister in Padua (in Italie) that Sande very well washed, after syfted and myxed with the waxe molten, would let the rysing and boyling vp of the waxe. There be some, which to waxe, & all other Rosen substan∣ces to be distylled, put to glasse fyne brought to powder▪ by which meanes it letteth the rysing of the waxe, but this then causeth in the distyllacion, that the oyles after distylled with it, purchase a certayne strange and an vngratefull sauour, through the salt Al∣kali, for which cause, this ought vtterly to be refused. Some say that in the distylling it maketh a noyse, as it woulde breake the glasse. The oyle of waxe worketh myracles, in the ceasing of paynes, as of the gowte, and ioynt aches. This to conclude, is a singuler remedy to many grieffes, and a most temperate oyle: for which cause, it is highly commended in wounds, and vlcers.

An oyle of waxe, that healeth the clofts & choppes of the hippes, and choppes or other sorenesse that happen on the Tettes of wo∣mens breastes, borrowed out of a written booke in the Italian tongue: take of the oyle of new waxe distylled, by a glasse, in the same maner altogither, as the oyle of Frankensence is distylled: with this oyle annoynt the chops of the hyps, and Tettes of wo∣mens breasts, & they are spedily healed: and it nothing hyndreth, yt the chyld suck in the night time, for this taketh away the paine.

An Oyle of waxe myraculous and dyine, that helpeth most di∣seases, and healeth a great wound in ten or twelue dayes at the most, but a lytle wound in thrée dayes, by applying of the oyle on the wound, & cloathes wet in it on the place, it stayeth also ye shed∣ding of the heyre of the head, & heard: and giuen to the quantity of one dram by the mouth, mightily deliuereth the Collick, & wyndy gripings of the body. The making of the foresayd oyle, is on this wyse: take a glasse Retort, which dilygently lute, into which put such quantity of waxe as you thinck necessary, so it excedeth not ye halfe of the glasse, & to each pound of the waxe, adde fowre oūces of Bricke in powder, or rather more aptlye (make the waxe into Page  174 many smal balles, with the powder of the Brick) which after put into a Retort, setting it into a pan of ashes, or sande, vnder which make a soft fyre, vntil al the oyle be come, which although it con∣ieale or thicken in the glasse, it forceth not (sayth the Aucthour) as touching to his perfection: for if you should distill the oyle so often ouer, vntyll it wyll no more conieale, it would be uer hote, and sharpe to take by the mouth: so that once distylled sufficeth, to be gyuen inward, and to annoynt on the outward parts of the body: that alwayes helpeth, and neuer harmeth. This borrowed out of the gréeke practisioner, Leonarde Fiorauant.

An oyle of Rosen simple, seruing vnto sundry vses, distylled on this wyse: take a glasse Retort, being well fensed with lute, into this put of Rosen, vnto ye quantity of half the glasse full, & to euery pound adde of fie sifted ashes thrée ounces, which after set into a pan filled with sand or ashes, standing in a Furnace, vnder which make a soft fire: & the first which commeth wyll be a water, the same setting a time, wyl be most cleare: after it foloweth an oyle (by making the fire stronger) ye ysseweth forth of a Rubine color, the same (after the setling) certaine daies, kéepe in a glasse close stopped: the water first come, serueth vnto sūdry purposes, amōg which, it myraculously cureth the swellings, & choppings of the handes, proceeding of cold in the wynter time, by holding thē first ouer the fume of hote water boiling in the euening: & annointing thē after with the distilled water, & then drawing o glooues on ye hands: by which doing, this healeth thē in a very short time. This also doth spedily cure, the fowle scurse of the head, the scab & other like matters. The oyle serueth in many grieffes, especially in all maner of cold grieffes, if yt they be inward, by taking one scruple at a time, by the mouth fasting: & if any grieffes be outward, thē annoynt of it on the places▪ and on great wounds▪ annoynt only of this oyle, without eyther applying playster, or tent, & it cureth in a short tyme: and a bruse in lyke maner annoynted with it, doth spedilie dyssolue the same: & sundry other matters this doth, not here mencioned: this out of the greeke Fiorauant.

An Oyle of Frogges, right profitable to such payned with the Gowte, to ioynt aches, & members ouer febled, whose discription Gesnerus receyued, of yt learned Georgius Pictorius▪ take of oyle Olyue one pynt, of ryuer Frogges fowre in number, these put a lyue into the oyle, letting them so remayne vntyll they be dead, Page  [unnumbered] after the whole powred into a new earthen pot sensed with clay, and the mouth close stopped, boyle with a softe fyre, vnto the par∣ting and dyssoluing of the fleshe, from the bones. Let the frogges after bée taken forth of the Oyle, and beaten in a morter, which put agayne into the Oyle, boyling it after with a verye soft fyre, one boyling more: this done, take it from the fyre, and strayne the same, that the oyle may so be cleare from his Fees, to which then adde, of cleare and washed Turpentine fowre oun∣ces, these by the fyre, without any more boyling, myxe dyligently togyther. This oyle is precious, aboue measure. Of the water of the Frogges legges, reade among the water of Beasts.

An Oyle prepared and made of the redde Serpent, that auay∣leth against Scroffles: take a redde Serpent, or Adder (as I iudge) cutting of the head and tayle, the rest of the bodie put into an earthen potte full of small holes in the bottome: this set into another potte, but that second set into a vessell of boyling water, where let the water boyle so long, vntyll you suppose, that the oyle of the Serpent be distylled, into the neather potte, and that the Serpent it self be consumed in the vpper pot. With this fat▪ & powder of the roote of Caphars myxed togyther, the Scroffles annoynted for eyght dayes togyther, are throughly healed.

An Oyle of Scorpions distylled, against poysons, borrowed out of a written booke: take of the oldest oyle Olyue, as much as you wyll, into it put of Scorpions, so many as you can pur∣chase and gather, in the moneth of Iulie, to which after adde, of whyte Dyttanie, of the leaues of wormewood, of Byttonie, of Veruayne, and of Rosemary, let all these stande to iufuse togy∣ther for many dayes: after distyll the whole by a Lymbecke, and that gathered, keepe in a glasse close stopped.

An Oyle of Antes egges, and the Nettle distylled togyther, with which the kydneys and bladder annoynted, prouoketh spée∣dily vryne: this borrowed out of Leonellus.

Of the Oyle of Antymonie, and those which are prepared of the same, named the glasse, or precious stone, and powder. The xxiiij. Chapter.

STimini, or Stibium, of the later Practisers named: which with the Chymistes, and makers of Oyles, and swéete oyntments, Page  175Antimonium, is nowe by great experience, well accoumpted of and vsed verie common among men, and with great prayses ex∣tolled. For there are three kynds of remedies, prepared of the An∣tymonie: which eyther gyuen within ye body, or applied without, doe cause myracles. Of which the one and first, named the oyle and Quintessence: the other and seconde, the Powder: and the thyrd the glasse and precious stone.

Of the oyle of Antymonie. The .xxv. Chapter.

THe preparing and making of an Oyle of Antymonie, which I receyued and learned of a certayne friend, is on this wyse: take of crude Antymonie, and of crude Tartare, of each halfe a pound, these after the beating togyther in a morter, or labouring on a stone, put into a pot well glased before, the mouth of which let be close couered, with a couer & lute, that no ayre after breath forth, and the pot so prepared, giue to the potter, to set among o∣ther pottes to bake in his Furnace. For by this burning it is made a paste, and blackishe or swartishe redde of colour, rounde formed, and easily brought to powder: which after the potte is through colde, & the pot opened, let the substaunce be taken forth, beaten, & brought agayne into fine powder, after powred againe into another pot well glased, on which powre distylled vineger so much, that it may lie two fingers breadth aboue the substance: this pot then set on a Furnace to be heated, that the vyneger may approche & drawe to a rednesse, and with the same coloured. And it ought to stande on the Furnace, for thrée or fowre howers, the vyneger after shyfted into a distyllatory of glasse, & other vineger powred vpon: and the same so often doe (I suppose sixe, or eyght tymes) vntyll the vyneger be no more coloured. All that coloured vineger powred forth, distyll by a Lymbecke, that the vyneger may so be seperated by distyllacion, & the redde substaunce abyde or remaine in the bottome. Which done, breake the glasse, taking the whole forth, which cleaueth or sticketh to the glasse, & put into an ypocrase bagge made of whyte cloath, the same hang in a cold & moyst Seller, where the oyle wyll distyll forth drop by drop, in∣to a glasse standing vnder. And in this maner, was a certayne Practisioner, woont often to prepare and make the same.

Page  [unnumbered]An oyle of Antimonie also is gotten after this maner, cōmu∣nicated to Gesnerus, by a most skylful practisioner, in the making of this matter. Let ye Antimonie be brought into most fine pow∣der, and powred into a glasse bodie, on which a most sharpe wyne vyneger powred, and the same distylled, stiepe on a soft heate of fire, (least the glasse breake) so long tyme, vntyll the vineger be chaunged redde. The same thus coloured, powre into another glasse, and on the Feces powre new distylled vineger, vntyll the same in lyke maner hath purchased a redde colour. These pow∣rings vpon, and addicions of new vineger on the Feces, ought so often to be repeated, vntyl the powders send out of them no more rednesse. The vineger all gathered ought to be distylled with a soft fyre, vntyll the rednesse begynning a lytle & lytle to thicken, seame to aryse & appeare in the head. Then are the vessels to be cooled, & the redde lycour, set to dygest vnder hote horse doong for xl. dayes, vntyl it attayneth ye perfite forme of an oyle. The same some affyrme, to be so sweet as sugar: to cease al paints of woūds, & to heale them perfitly as certayne wryte: besydes it doth mar∣ueylously cure throublesome and tedious vlcers▪ & such Cankred.

Another secrete of Antimonie, which also vnto the white work, not meanly auayleth: take af Antimonie brought to powder, ▪xi. ounces, of Tartare calcyned .ix. ounces, these after the myxing togyther, put into a goldsmythes melting pot, which closely luted & stopped, set into a Furnace for two howres, & it wyl well be cal∣cyned, the same after it be cooled, and the mouth of the pot opened, you shall finde the substance in the pot, to be of a darcke ashie co∣lour, myxed with certayne yellow spottes. This then beaten in a morter, put into hote water, and boyled in an yron panne, let the whole be after distylled by fyltering, which distylleth lyke to lye. The first water yssewing is redde & troubled, which poured after on the Feces, wyll distyll & be gathered cleare. This water then euaporate in a glasse Cucurbite in sande, vntyll the substance be left drye, or the moysture resolued. But this matter left in the sande distyll, as first with a soft fyre, after with a stronger, vntyll the spirites of the Antimonie begyn to ascend, & begyn as it were to colour the necke of the Lymbeck lyke golde. Then set the mat∣ter in it selfe, be cyrculated. Some report, that if thynne syluer plates be layd in this that they are wholye gylded, & appeare like golde, in such maner, that rubbed with the touch stone, they yet Page  176 appeare as gold. But I suppose (sayth the Aucthour) that it wyll be farre better, if the first troubled water coloured be kept a part, and new powred on the Feces: for peraduenture the seconde and thyrd water, would draw & carry with them more of the rednesse of the Antimonie, which after gathered into one, may then be drawne with a soft fyre, vntyll the oylie rednesse appearing.

Another maner, which a certaine practisioner often exercised & vsed: let first the rednesse of the Antimonie, drawne many tymes by the distylled vineger, as is aboue taught, & let the exhaltacion of the vineger be after done on a soft fyre, and the redde powder preserued in the bottome. Let the Quintessence then of wyne be powred to it, & stande to cyrculate togyther for forty dayes: this after may safely be ministred by the mouth, into the bodie.

Another maner, of the same Aucthor: take the Tartare calcyned vnto a whytnesse, let it runne with the Antimonie in a goldsmites Crucible, this after brought into powder, dissolue in hote water: and you shal so finde a certayne rednesse to swym aboue ye water, all which gathered, & put into a retort, a water first yssew∣eth, & a most bewtiful redde oyle after foloweth, let ye same be cyr∣culated for ▪xl. dayes, & the best oyle of Antimonie wyl thē be pur∣chased, lesse corrosue. And this maner, who that can be vnderstand and compasse, shall attaine a rytch oyle, singular in many causes.

Another oyle of Antimonie, learned of a Frenche Empericke: take of Antimonie two poūds, of Tartare, & of salt nyter, of each thrée ounces, of copper Incisi one pound, al these grinded togither, put after into a glasse body, & not vnglased body, which set into a furnace, make a great fire for three howres. After ye cooling of the vessell by the owne accord, breake the vessel, & you shal find in the bottom ye Mercurie of the Antimonie seperated from ye brimstone, which you shal seperate from the vpper: this done, burne after the vpper face so lōg, vntyl it be come impalpable, & of a redde color, ye same thē put into a glasse Lymbeck wel luted, if it afore be dissol∣ued in most strong vineger. Which distyll after the maner & or∣der of strong water, & you shall possesse a most precious oyle lyke to blood. Note, that the Mercurie drawne out of the Antimonie, is a most pure golde, with which if you wyll colour, take then of the oyle of Antimonie one ounce, of Aeris v••i, & of Viridis aeris, of each thrée oūces, of Vermilon or Cinnabaris fifteene ounces, of Page  [unnumbered] salt nyter fiue ounces, of the abouesayd whyte gold fowre poūds, these put into an earthen vessel wel luted, and set in an open fur∣nace, with fyre for sixe howers, and you shall then finde a cytrin mass: which put vnto the royall cemente, after vnto Capella, and you shal obtayne most pure golde. But these royall cements, and the Capellas also, doe goldsmythes prepare and make.

Another discription of the Oyle of Antymonie, not to be con∣tempned, cōmunicated to Gesnerus by a skylfull practisioner, and very studious in these matters. Take of Antymonie thrée poūds or fowre, which dyssolue in a goldsmythes pot, that it may rūne. After powre a measure of vineger, into an earthen glased vessell: which done, and the Antymonie molten, let him then instyll by great care & dyligence, a little of this molten Antymonie into the vineger (taking diligent care, that you instyll not to much at one tyme, in that the vessell then breaking, you should lose both oyle & your labour) & a red fume wyl breath forth, & the vineger also wyl become so red as blood. So that by times, & a litle & lytle, and euen by drops as it were, must the whole Antimonie be thus instilled. For ye same is in a glasse bodie, that the vineger floting aboue it, must alwayes be seperated, & so often, as it is molten in the gold∣smythes vessell. The Antimonie then must be againe molten in the Crucible, as afore, & as the same shall be molten, it must then by lytle and lytle instylled into the vineger▪ as aboue taught, & the same ought to be repeated seuen tymes, that it may so drawe and gather both the property and rednesse. The vineger is con∣sumed by the same order, & for that cause must other vineger be powred vpon (for if the pot or vessell shall remayne eyther emp∣tie, or bée ouer fylled, the vessell breaketh: for which cause, you must especially take heede of the excesse) least the vessell by such meanes breaketh. That if it shall be repeated seuen tymes, let the redde vineger in a glasse body dilygently luted, be distilled in ashes: and a whyte vineger wyl yssew, but the oyle remaineth behynd in the bottome. Which on this wyse done, and the spring or Cunduicte water left so with the oyle for a tyme, that softly powred forth, and distylled againe, the sauour af the vineger may so be taken from the oyle. The same after it shall be thus twyse togyther ordred, that is, the second tyme Cunduite water shalbe powred vpon, & by distyllacion shall after seperate the same, you Page  177 shall then obtayne a swéete oyle of Antimonie, in the bottome of the Cucurbite or glasse bodie. But this forme and maner of dy∣stylling, can not so well be vttered and discrybed in wordes, as by demonstracion to the eye, and syght of the same done.

This waye and manner also of making the Oyle of Anti∣monie, is not to be contempned: which as it should seame, Theo∣phrastus Paracelsus, accoumpted for a rare secrete. He tooke of Antimonie halfe a pounde, of Sugarcandie sixe ounces, these brought to fine powder, distyl in sande, or in Balneo, according to arte. Of this oyle take one ounce, of Aloes succotryne halfe an ounce, of Amber two drams, of Saffron thrée drams, these after reduce into a masse, of which make small pylles, according to dis∣cretion: let thrée of these be mynistred or gyuen by the mouth, with the conserue of Borrage, before the fytte of the Ague, and the pacient procured to sweate, if it be possible.

I heare of an oyle of Antimonie, to be distylled in the worthy Citie of Vlmes in Germanie, by a notable Phisition, in the lyke order and maner, as the strong water (or water of seperation) is woont to be made. Which afore wrought into most fine powder, and myxt with a small quantity of good Aqua vitae: for thus pre∣pared, it may aptlie be applyed and giuen by the mouth, for the healing of vlcers within the bodie. Such an oyle also is exercy∣sed and vsed of the Chyrurgians, in the Cittie of Norimberge, which applyed, doth forth with eate or take away superfluous, or rotten fleshe. This oyle of the Antimonie is prepared, with the salt Gmme, and Ammoniacum.

Another maner of oyle there is, which a certayne practisioner druncke before mée (but certayne affyrme the same not to bée an oyle, but rather a certayne washing or Lye) yet I suppose the same (sayth the Aucthour) to be distylled. Others affyrme it to be prepared, lyke the oyle of Vitryoll: of which matter, reade more in that booke named Coelum Philosophorum, where the maner of such a preparing, and this oyle is fully taught. And I heare (sayth the Aucthour) that the Chyrurgians of Norimberge doe much and often vse this oyle.

There is besydes a certayne oyle prepared and made, which by reason of the rednesse, is named the blood of Stibium, which oyle is most singular vnto créeping vlcers, and maligne to cure, Page  [unnumbered] for this dryeth & taketh away all the malignity of them: and this oile is made after this maner, out of the learned Fallopio of Met∣tals or mynes. They take (sayth he the Regulum of Antimonie, which is here ment the Antimonie, fyue or sixe tymes molten & cooled. For they take the Stibium, melting if, and letting it coole, which they agayne melt, and coole the same, & procéede after this maner, vnto the fyft, or syxt time: so yt the Stibium which the last tyme remaineth cooled & compact, they name Regulū. Now they take this Regulum, & soften it on a marble, on which they powre the distilled vineger, & when the same shall be very well softned: they put into an ypocrasse bagge to fylter, and powre distilled vi∣neger vpon, vntyl the Antimonie shal be wholy dyssolued & mol∣ten through, and that nothing remayneth behynd in the fylter or bagge, but all fyltred into the vessell set vnder. They after take the strayning, or that lycour, and put it into a Lymbeck, & drare forth a lycor: which drawne, there remaineth a certayne substāc in the bottome of the Lymbeck, lyke to a redde feces, which they take, & put into a fyltring cloath, hanging it in a moyst place, that the feces may so melt (through the moysture of the place) into a vessell standing vnder: and the same which melteth and runneth through, is the oyle, which otherwyse is named the blood of the Antimonie, a medycine (as aboue vttered) the notablest vnto creeping, and wicked vlcers.

An oyle of Antimonie, which is the flower of all mettalles, redde in colour, as the Rubyne (for so doth some, commnd it) it may safelye be taken by the mouth, vnto the wayght of thrée graines: for in tast it is swéete, pertaking most lightly of a sharp∣nesse: he valewed fowre drams wayght of it, at two Crownes. He knew lytle vse or none of it, yet inuented he (at the first) to sell the same of a great pryce. I my selfe tasted (sayth the Aucthour) & found a certaine sweetnesse of it, & saw the rednesse tending vnto a sanguine colour: and a droppe or two let fall into water, went to the bottome. This out of a letter sent vnto Gesnerus.

Another redde oyle of Antimonie, the ab••esayd person hath, which I (sayth the Aucthour) neuer saw, vnlike to the first colour, and of a burning qualitye, whose smallest portion prouooked the bladder, & burned, that vnto this daye, the least portion of it, dare not safely be gyuen, through the wicked quality not sufficiently Page  178 corrected (whether of the crude qualitie, I can not iustly report.) This oyle powred to Aqua fortis (through the vitriol, the Alome, and salt peter) it stayneth Mercurie of a yellow colour. These I vnderstoode of him, in that I could not come to the sight of it: he esteemed or valued half an ounce of this oyle: at a Floreyne. This I learned by the letters of a certayne Phisition vnto Gesnerus.

The oyle or Quintessence of Antimonie, when the same is prepared and made after a dewe fourme and maner, is a most precious medycine, to be vsed as well within the bodie, as with∣out, and the quantity of one drop giuen at a tyme by the mouth, eyther with wyne or broth, or any other distylled water, doth as well emptie the bodie by vomytting, as downewarde by syege: & this giuen to a sicke person, doth throughly cure him of any crude, and maligne kynde of sicknesse: as by tryall, a further truth may be knowne. And this locally applyed on wicked vlcers, doth mar∣ueylously clense them. The making of which oyle or quintessēce, is on this wyse: take a quantity of the strongest vineger, the same distyl thrise ouer, to which ad of Antimonie so much as you wyl, brought to fine powder, these put togyther in a body of glasse, but let the vyneger flote thrée fingers aboue the Antimonie, then sturre them very wel togither, & setting the body on hote imbers, let the substaunce boyle a lytle space, vntyll the vineger become redde, which after the being redde, let then setle, vntyl it appeare cleare, the same empty into another body, and on the feces powre the lyke quantity of distylled vineger, as afore taught: the same a whyles boyle, & empty after into another body: & doe on this ma∣ner so often, vntyl the vineger wyl no more be changed, & become redde: this done, the feces throw away, and all the redde vineger gathered, powre into a crooke necked body or Retort, that is ve∣rie well luted, and distyll the vyneger, which wyll yssew forth cleare & whyte: but take dilygent heede, when the redde droppes begynne to distyll: at the sight of which, draw away the receauer with the vyneger, putting vnder another glasse, and the fyre in∣crease stronger & stronger, vnto the ende of the worke, or that all the substance be yssewed forth: for this come, is the quintessence of the Antimonie, which diligently kéepe in a glasse close stopped, that no ayre breath forth. And this is the myraculous oyle, that mortifyeth all kynds of rotten and wicked vlcers: for by bathing Page  [unnumbered] on them with the sayde oyle, are mortifyed, for which cause this healeth them in a short tyme, and with easinesse: and gyuen be∣sydes with any lycour by the mouth, doth heale any wicked sick∣nesse, as aboue vttred. So that this Quintessence of Antimonie, may be accoumpted and named a holy lycour, and precious for the health of mans body. This borrowed out of the singuler prac∣tyses of the gréeke, Leonard Fiorauant.

Of the same, doth a certayne Phisition thus wryte: I fynde the oyle of Antimonie to be prepared and made, by Stibium most finely brought to powder, and so often washed and infused in dy∣styll vineger, vntyll it wyl no more colour nor stayne the fingers, which after sublyme: for this they say, to auayle against the vlce∣red Canker, that it créepeth no further: and so to let or staye, that the Canker eateth nor payneth any more.

An oyle of Antimonie of the Alchymistes, vnto the colouring of Luna or Syluer, is on this wyse prepared, as I found the same wrytten (sayth the Aucthour) in an olde Alchymy booke. Take a a quantity of vineger three tymes distylled ouer, in this dyssolue of salt artyficiall one part, of salt Alkali two partes, after the dys∣soluing, distyll a strong water. Then take of Antimonie, so much as you shal thinck needeful, powring of the sayd water vpon, and distilled with a soft fyre, powre vpon the water againe, & this doe for fowre times togither. In the end, when ye moisture shal ascēd, & that whytishe fumes appeare, then by increasing the fire stron∣ger & stronger, you shall purchase the true oyle of Antimonie. Of this oile take three parts, of ye oyle of the Sun one part, of the oile of Mercurie one part, these put vnto fixing, doth colour & change the Moone, Mercurie, & Iupiter prepared, into ye Sun most perfit.

Of the preparation of Antimonie, that is lyke seene through as the glasse, and the sundry effects of the same powder. The ▪.xxvj. Chapter.

A Certaine practisioner in the Citie of Vlma in Germany, chose the Stibium, that had long strakes within, which the longer they were, so much the better he accoumpted it: & he tooke away the vpper part, or his spume, he after tenne or fowretéene dayes, grynded the Stibium on a marble with vineger, for one day styll or continually: but in the nyght he letteth it alwayes drye, and the next daye he alwayes gryndeth it agayne.

Page  179

[illustration]

The precious stone of Antimonie, cleare through as the Iacynt, they prepare and make after this maner: the fine powder of the Stibium they put into a goldsmithes Crucible, couering the same with another Crucible, which two they close & fast lute togyther with strong lute, letting ye lute drye. After they set the Crucibles on the fyre and couer them wholie, vntyll the powders melt and runne within: this masse then taken out, & brought to fine pow∣der, they thus cōmyt to the fyre, for two or three tymes togyther, and at the thyrd time, they powre the lyquide masse, on a smooth Marble stone, which sone coniealeth and is harde, and is transpa∣rent or to be seene through, euen as a precious stone or glasse. It is sufficiently burned or calcyned, by twyse doing ouer, and at the thyrd tyme molten, and powred forth.

Another preparatiō of Antimonie, not much dyffering from the same, which Matthiolus in his second ediciō of Dioscorides discri∣beth, sauing that he addeth also certaine other things, where here nothing at al is mixed. Take of crude Antimonie, the same grind very fine on a stone, which put into a small Crucible, not glased, setting it vnto a soft fyre, that the same may putrify & be clensed: Page  [unnumbered] and stur it continually with an Iron spattle, vntill the substance begin to gather vp rounde, which then remoue or take away, and grind the like on a stone, as afore, & put into the Crucible, setting the same to the fire againe, & let this so often times be done, vntil the pouder be chaunged & come vnto an Ashie white color, & this will be, about the x. or twelf, or more times. After let this be put into a like Crucible, yt the goldsmythes commonly vse, & the same Artly couered, set into coales, that they may lie burning thrée fin∣gers aboue the Crucible, for on such wise, shal the substāce melt & be decocted sufficiētly, within the space of half an howre, the same after take forth, & powre into thin plates in a latton basen, & coo∣led, keepe diligently in a dry bore. For you shal haue, yt you desire.

A certaine preparation of Antimonie, which many hyde for a most great secret, & this discription did a notable Phisition send vnto Gesnerus, who was a singuler frend of Gesnerus. After that the Stibiū is calcyned, it must so oftē be powred forth, as the same may be molten, in a Crucible. And ye same ought so often be mol∣ten, as any impure matter remaineth in it, & for that cause, the spume alwayes gathered away. And at the last melting, but litle of the spume must be taken away, & the same part to which the spume cleaueth, (as a cloude) must be throwen away. The same is rightly prepared, yt is cleare and to be seen through, in a maner without any spot, after the forme of a Iacint, which neerer draw∣eth or approcheth to a yelow, thē vnto a red & blackish colour. And the same the paler it appeereth, so much the better it is, so that it be pure, without any cloude, or blacke spotte.

An Antimonie like to glasse, yt may be séen through, & draweth to a rednesse, cōmunicated to Gesnerus as a secret, by a singuler Phisition. First take of Antimonie finely brought to pouder (on a stone, or Marble) so much as you thinke néedeful, the same put in∣to a new earthen pot not glased, which set on a meane fire, in such order, that it may seeme to leane on the one side, as the pots that burne the leade, & to stur after the substance about with a spatle. But when ye matter beginneth first to fume (of the fume shal you beware, as you wold of poison, if you be wise) which after powre on a Marble, & grind about, vntill the same be cold. This thē put againe into the pot, sturring the same (as aboue taught) & when it beginneth to fume, powre it forth & grind ye same, as afore reher∣sed. Page  180 This so oftē repeate, vntill it approcheth to a browne colour, or otherwise is as black as glasse, which is performed in a maner by the tenth time repeated. Thē take of crude Antimonie half an ounce, which melt at a strong fire, and of the browne Antimonie burnt & brought to pouder, as aboue vttered, fowre ounces, these by litle & litle put into a Crucible, vnto ye time the halfe ounce of of the Antimonie moltē, & the whole be powred in, which so melt togither, & when it shal be a whiles thus moltē, powre ye substāce on a smooth & cold stone. The same cooled melt againe, & repeate the like, vntil it sheweth as glasse of a firie colour, or like to a Ru∣bine. That if you shal diligently marke, & follow this order, you can not erre (beleeue me) sayth the Authour.

Of the Antimonie thus prepared, they mixe a few graines (ei∣ther fiue, or sixe) with one scruple of the iuyce of blacke Ellebere artificially drawen, or more, & they forme pilles of ye same, which they name the pilles of life yt do marueilous matters, as they re∣port. And yt the reader should not be frustrate of any matter, nor of the preparatiō of this iuyce, for ye cause I wil not here discame to write the same, yt al mē may conceiue, that there consisteth no∣thing in me worthy memory, yt I refrain to vtter, & make knowē to the world, so wel of mine owne practises, as those learned and purchased of ye singuler Gesnerus, to the benefite of all young stu∣dents, & fauourers of good knowledge. Therfore vnderstand, that the iuyce of the Ellebore is thus drawē, let one pound of ye blacke Ellebore be stieped in hot water for certain howres, the same thē shifted forth, powre vpon other freshe water, & the same repeate ii. or v. times, & in the end that water, which is no more bitter, boile vnto a thicknesse of honie. About the middle of this boiling, adde of the iuyce of Alkakengi or winter cherries purified, two ounces & a half, but about the ende, of Annise seedes, & of Cinamō of each one ounce, of fennel seedes half an ounce, of the flowres of Nymphaee or the water lillie two ounces (where must be consi∣dered, whether these ought not to enter in the substaunce but ra∣ther to be put in the last infusion of the Ellebore, and to be stray∣ned togyther, that the water alone maye after bée boyled vnto a consumption) in the ende must a little Masticke be added, or at least in the forming of the Pylles. This procureth thrée or foure stooles wythout griefe, & causeth the belly to remaine sufficient Page  [unnumbered] solluble many dayes after. A certaine person requyred a great value to be giuen him, for a dose of these.

Another maner of preparing the Antimonie, that a certayne practisioner, which prepared the same for his Ladie, had learned: & this by happe he left briefly noted in wryting: he bought (sayth the Aucthour) of Stimmeos fowre ounces and a halfe, that is, one quarter of a pounde & better of our wayght, the same brought to powder & searsed: he melted n a whyte earthen pot (the mouth of it couered with a great burning coale, so layd vpon, that the same could not fall of) vpon the coales into the fyre: and when this was through cold, he dilygently cōsidered whether any other myxture of matter consisted in it, that approached to Tynne, or rather som∣what like Tinne (being altogither of the same kind) which many tymes the lyke hapneth in the Antimonie seperated, and is easily discerned & knowne: which vnlesse the same be remooued & clea∣red away, it permysteth not the Antimonie, or rather so hynde∣reth, when the same is molten, that it can not be transparent or seene cleare through: but we foūd no such matter in this Stimmi or Stibium: that if he had séene or knowne before the lyke, he would then not haue molten it. But now this blacke substaunce brought againe to pouder, he powred into a Crucible made of the best earth, new, and neuer wetted, and set on a meane fyre to cal∣cyne, vnto the performance of which matter, he vsed almost a day & a halfe, and sturred the same al the whyles with a large spattle of yron, styll and continually about (but some, as I remember, do calcyne the same in an earthen skellet or pan) but he rather sup∣posed the colour to come the darcker through the yron vessell (and the whyles dyd a most wicked sauour of Brimstone continually breath forth) through which (he reported) ye whyles he was thus bused, the same did often molest & grieue his head, in such maner as if a fyt of sicknesse should incontinent folow. Now this is per∣ceyued and knowne to be sufficiently calcyned, when it no more sendeth forth the sauour of Brimstome, and that the same appea∣reth of an ashie colour, nor can after in the calcyning be burned. The pot in the ende sheweth burned, and although it be cract and hath a cleft in it (as the lyke he reporteth, his pot had) yet may the same last and serue vnto the ende of the worke, vnlesse the cleft shall waxe and be greater. After these, let it be taken forth, and Page  181 brought agayne to fine powder in a morter, & powred in a Cru∣cible for an howre space almost, and fyre made to it for halfe an howres tyme, this fyre after dyminishe by lytle and lytle: that if there yet consisteth or remaineth any strange matter behynd, the same may eyther be taken away, or purged in the flying away. The Crucible must be couered with another pot, that it may the soner be molten. When this shall be through colde, adde to it one dram of Chrysocolla, which brought to powder, shalbe mixed in a morter, and the whole powred into a crucible, that it may be mol∣ten, then occupy a long yron spattle, or rodde, in that a certayne peryll inseweth by touching the substance, howsoeuer it were, if we may beleeue him. An the melting or rūning, which is hardly done at the first (in that for an howre or more standing in the fire, with great coales layd round about, & blowne after with a byggs payre of bellowes, the Crucible, all the whyles appearing redde hote, the substaunce scarcely melted in that space (yet after the same was moltē, he powred it on a marble or smoth stone, accor∣ding to length, or rather in thicke and round plates. The colour of the stone, in the first melting, is whytish. The second melting, and al the others, succéede & come much soner. After the first mel∣ting, it begynneth next to appeare and shew of a darck yellow co∣lour: which lytle or nothing altereth, but abydeth in the same co∣lour in a maner, after the sixt tyme molten. When the matter powred forth, is through cold, it must agayne be brought to fyne powder in a morter, and molten.

Another maner of preparing the Stibium, take what quantity you wyll, the same bring to powder: but first wash it well in cold cunduite water, vntyl in the same washing this appeareth pure, after wash this againe in the water of Roses, & the blessed thistle, which let the substance drincke in. This powder then set in the Sunne, vntyll it cleaueth togither in gobbettes or bygge pieces: which agayne bringing into fyne powder, powre into a Crucible. The same melt, with a soft fyre: which as sone as a yellow va∣pour, and in the colour of Arsenicke, begynneth to breath forth, and that purple spumes or fomes swell or rise vp to the brymme, increase the fyre, adding a certayne quantity of each, answering to the substance, of salt nyter, of the vrine of a sanguine or redde man, dyssolued togither with that named Hydrargyrū, and spitle Page  [unnumbered] of the same man, so nygh as you can, that these may so be fyxed: which thus ordred, and mixed in equal portions agréeable, sturre about with an yron, or steele rodde, vntyll all the gréene, & yellow vapors in a maner, be breathed forth. The clāmynesse & glwish cleauing to of it, you shall thus correct, in that the same which o∣therwyse was not persitely lyquide, but stycketh, or cleaueth to only, lyke glew, shall you cause to melt & run. By the syde of the Crucible, you shal set a marble stone, and in the sturring softly a∣bout with the rodde, powre the liquide matter forth with a brode spattle on a smooth marble stone, when the tyme requyreth. For the vppermost and most frothie by a great deale powre forth, the myddle (being the purer) next, and the lowest more drossie or ful∣ler of Feces, powre last forth with the spattle, the same which runneth whole in the powring forth, myxe not with the vpper spumes, or the middle parts mixe not with the lowest (in that the myddle parts be iudged the better) for which cause, you must dyli∣gently seperate them, in powring forth vntyll the whole be emp∣tied. But after what maner & how this may be learned & known these wyl sufficiently instruct & shew, both in the ringing or soūd, & Syluer bryghtnesse of the mydle partes. But in the sturring a∣bout and powring forth, least the wicked and venemous fume, & that drye spirite entereth into the mouth and nosethrelles, a man must carefully beware, for yt the same sauour is in a maner dead∣lye: so that many there be, which drawe a bladder on the face, to eschew this euyll. Now so much as shall be of the purest, and of that note (as in the ringing & clearenesse) put into a glasse, which couer with burning water sixe tymes rectifyed, the same distyll (whether by a Retorte) and a redde water wyll first yssewe, this drawe awaye, and put vnder another Receauer, gathering the same which shall distyll forth. At last, in the wynter or colder time that this may so much the better gather & thicken togither) dygge in the groūd of a stable, a frrow of two foote in déepenesse, ye same cast & make into a square roome of three foote euery way, this groūd purge with burning coales & Bay erryes cast amōg, after the cleansing of the place, strawe then horse doong meanly moyst, a foote hygh: in which set the glasse (that the lycour is con∣tained, which yssewed in the former distillacion) and couer it (the pype of the same, which shall be put into the Receauer, stoppe dy∣lygently Page  182 with the Philosophers lute) & at the fowrth day you shal vncouer the glasse, putting about & couering it with freshe doong. And when all is come, that wyll yssew forth, you haue purchased the thycke lycour, resembling or drawing nere to the lycour of Amber. Which powre into christaline & syluerlyke plates, these set abrode, in a cold & cleare skye, the North wind then blowing, that they may thycken & fryse (for these wyll then be lyke as wée haue seene) in the end we haue melted them with so lytle a heate, as the Gum is molten: they annoynt with this, desperate Can∣kers left as incurable, the palsie members▪ the Apoplexie, & ioynt aches: and they inwardly mynister two or three graynes at the most, finely brought to powder. And I heare that he gaue to the person infected with ye plague, not bleeding by vaine afore, which shortly after dyed: but to another I heard, he gaue the same dose, but letting him blood before, and he escaped with lyfe.

How the redde spirites, is drawne or gotten out of Antimonie, is the most rare secrete, of a certaine notable Chyrurgian. Take of pure Antimonie two or thrée poūds, this dryed & brought into fine powder, put into an earthen Cucurbite, vnder which make a soft fire in the beginning, for twenty howers space, after increase your fire somewhat hoter, the next stronger & stronger, vnto the ende of .xxxvi. howers. In the belly of the earthen Receauer or Cucurbite, on the syde a high, fasten in a woodden pynne, which now and then drawne out of the hole, doth vtter and expresse the colour of the spirite breathing further and cleauing too, as fyrst whyte, next yellowishe and yellowe, and last manifestly redde. This sublymation being thus perfourmed, and the vesselles through colde (the powder sublymed by force of the fyre) let it be purged from the Receauer eyther with a feather, or soft Pares foote, and put into a Retorte, which set into Balneo Mariae, where let a seconde exhaltacion be wrought, which also receyue and ga∣ther in a glasse or earthen receauer. For in the same maner shall you purchase a powder wholie sanguine in color. And the recea∣uers into which the spirites or fume of the Antimonie breatheth, ought alwayes o be cooled, with Lynnen cloathes wet in cold wa∣ter & applyed vpon. For the Receauers cooled often, doe by that meanes, draw to thē so much ye sooner, the fume of the Antimony.Page  [unnumbered] Then the bellyes of the receauers ought to be set vpwardes, and the mouthes into which the Cucurbites are fixed, placed downe∣wardes, as the figure hereafter playner demonstrateth. The Cu∣curbyte into which the sublymed Antimonie must be put, ought to be fensed with the lute of wysedome. But the Cucurbytes re∣ceauing, ought to be fourmed through the lute, to indure the fyre. Let theyr neckes be long, in a maner of an arme length: and the belly by that reason large, least stuffed or filled with the spirites it breaketh. But let the necke be so large, that the hande to the elbow may easily be put in, and drawne out againe, euen as this figure here to the eye, doth more perfitly expresse.

[illustration]

A. Doth here re∣presēt the furnace, & place of the fyre, for the preparation of ye Antimonie vn∣to remedies, in a better maner, then Matthiolus instruc∣eth.

B.B Expresse the Cucurbytes, con∣tayning the Anti∣monie in fine pow∣der, formed of strōg potters clay.

C. The necke of the Cucurbites, tē∣ding vpwarde, and carrying forth the ume or spirite of the Anti∣monie, into the receauing vesselles. And they ought to be raysed vpward, and stayd on some proper shealfe, or on the lyke that the figure doth here shew, or els on a fourme. The vessels in which the pegges of wood appeare, by which a iudgement is bad & lear∣ned in the drawing forth of them, howe the fyre ought & must be moderated, as eyther increased or lessened. And these pegs serue in the steede of tappes of wood: that they may the readyer be ope∣ned or drawne forth, whereby the colour of the Antimone isubly∣med may be seene, &c.

Page  183This pouder ought to be ministred, but a little in quantie, at a time, yet how much (& a perfit dose, doth the Aucthour not know) to be giuē in the pleresie, the stoppings of the breast, in the pur∣ging of flewme, & in the french disease, with ye waters answering to each, &c. There be some which affirme, that they can cure the persons infected with ye french disease, within thrée or ii••. dayes, after this maner. They include or set the pacient within a Pype or Butte (that his head may be quite without) & sitting on a stoole boored with many holes, vnder which they laye a thicke plate of Iron meanly or but lightly heated, & on the same straw of ye pou∣der, that the fume of it may ascend & compasse about all the body, & enter into the body by the lower partes, & they will the pacient thus to sweate there for thrée howres, if he can beare or suffer it, but if (in no wise) he cannot, thē let the pacient the oftner repeate this kind or maner of sweating. For in so many dayes space shal the fowle disease be wholly cleared, as the pacient will exercise & vse this maner of sweating. And this, did a notable Capitaine re∣port to the Aucthour, that he sawe and knew tryed on sundry, to great admyration, &c.

Stimmi or Stibum is molten in a white earthen Crucible, & set on a fire, for certaine howres (perhaps ten, yet doth not Gesnerus expresse the same) which after the through cooling, melt agayne, as afore taught, & through colde, repeate a thirde & fourth time, so that you shal not neede to labour it (as the Aucthour supposeth) on a Marble stone, & on such wise, is his vapour by little & little con∣sumed, & the colour in the ende chaūged into a yelow, & after thi maner, is the pouder yelow, wholly subtil, & light, which is stron∣ger in vertue, then the glasse, or the stone of Stibium. For two or thrée graines of this in fine pouder, shalbe sufficient to be mini∣stred at one time by the mouth The stone of Stibium is brought to pouder, yet the same is grosser, & not so light and yelow, as the other, of which may seuen graines, & more, be giuen at a time.

Of the Antimonie prepared, the iudgement of the learned, and of the vse of it. The .xxvij. Chapter.

OF the Antimonie prepared, which shineth like to glasse, doth a certaine learned man thus iudge, as séemeth by the letters Page  [unnumbered] vnto Gesnerus: I haue (sayth he) throughly reuolued & called vn∣to iudgement the essence of the red Antimonie prepared, & I finde that this glasse, not to be the same of ye old Philosophers, of which they write so many matters, although of ye like it may be made, in that it is more earthly & of the grosser partes, for which cause, although we trie and finde out sundry properties of it or that this hath, yet doth it but little possesse of the selfe same vertues, which the auncient ascribe to their proper glasse. And this is named the glasse of the Philosophers, although (in very déede) it be no glasse but rather a certaine naturall Sugar, and that swéete, & cleare or to be séene through like Christall, and colde, as the yse, coniea∣led. The preparation of this Antimonie, is not the selfe same, or a like framed with all persons, by which reason it doth not cause nor worke a like effect. That if we could attaine, and purchase a trewe and sure preparation of this Antimonie, it were a singu∣ler treasure wonne.

Of the vse of the Antimonie, as he hath experienced, for on such wise Gesnerus writeth The Antimonie prepared (as Matthio∣lus instructeth) I gaue in the yéere 1563. and in the .xxij. day of Ia∣nuary, to a Melancholy person, sore vexed, which had often assayd to destroy himselfe, & a fleshie young man, fiue graynes almost in pouder, mixed with a litle conserue of Roses & wine, framed in a bale or dose (yt lay before on bed for thrée or foure dayes, without eating in a manner any meate, & could scarcely lift vp his head, but with a certaine turning about, & imagined that he sawe de∣uills, through which he came sorowfull & fearefull, & with sighes calling on God) within an howre after, yt a fat brothe was giuen him, he strōgly vomited & within a whiles after, he made sundry sieges or stooles togither, yet felt he after a mighty ormenting & vexing about the heart & belly, with a grieuous headach sore mo∣lesting, yt he neuer indured ye like in al his life time, as he repor∣ted, (yet increased neuerthelesse the sicknesse, Melancholy lur∣king in him, & he became after marueilous thirstie & drye, to the qualifying of which, he had drunke ouer much water with wine) he refrained besides supper, & slept nothing, but lay groning and sighing al the night, & vomited againe the morrow following, to the staying of which I gaue him Rob de Ribes with the syrupe of Quinces, & the syrupe of Roses, with wyne and water warmed Page  184 togyther, and cordiall matters I applyed on the breast. The next day following was giuen to him brothe, whether he would or no, after which he slept almost an howre, and he began then to waxe better. Neuerthelesse I applyed to the foreheade, a linnen clothe wet in the water of Roses, Lettuce, the oyle of Roses, & vineger, which I cōmanded a good whyles before to be done, but they had neglected it. And I minded to haue ministred to him of the oyle of vitriol, if he had not amended or recouered somwhat, & perhaps ye conserue or syrupe of Nymphea, I had giuen. The same night, I willed to be giuē him a litle quantitie of new Triacle after myd night, if the vomiting ceassed not, or yt he slept not, but they gaue him to litle a quantitie of it. Here note, yt I onely licking my fin∣gers, whiles I mixed ye medicine, within two howres after, felt an aking; & swimming or giddinesse of the head, & cast much wa∣ter & spittell of my stomack, with a litle gryping & paine in ye bot∣tome of my belly, especially of the right syde, and prouoking my selfe to vomite, I dranck after of the syrupe of wormewood war∣med, & amended. The same Antimonie was cleare, & of a yelow colour, & to be séene through as a precious stone, or Glasse, & light∣ly broken betweene the teeth. In the Hospitall of Tygurie in Germanie, to a certaine other person madde, Gesnerus gaue of ye Stibium prepared, and cleare as glasse, & nothing of the fumyng matter in it, sixe graines in fine pouder, & when he was about to vomite, he (vpon the eating of breade) sent the matter down ward so that he felt but a little paine in the belly, yet this after wrought and caused, fowre sieges or stooles. But the nexte day after he sayde and complayned, that hys heade marueylously grieued hym. Gesnerus also gaue to a dropsye person, sixe graynes of the Stibium prepared, darcke and fumyng a lyttle, which after was grieuously vexed about the hearte, the payne contynewing vn∣to the nexte morrowe, and he purged vpward, and downeward, but little in quantitie.

A certaine notable, & singuler preparer of the Antimonie wrote vnto Gesnerus, yt he had giue, more thē to foure hundreth persons of euery kind and age, this his Antimonie, not only without any harme, but with prosperous successe. He gaue of this to fiue takē with the pestilent Ague, who after recouered to health. He also affyrmeth it to be a present remedy▪ in the Plague, but who that Page  [unnumbered] mindeth to receiue of ye Antimonie, may neither before, nor after the taking of it, blede by vaine. Of this his Antimonie he sent certaine partes, being of thrée sundry colours, differing one from the other, of which the same, that was of a red colour, be preferred before the others, in yt the same tarried a longer time in the fire, that it might attaine the colour, and so the vertue breathed forth. But for that it is a deeper red to fire, for yt cause must a greater dose or quantitie be ministred. The same person gaue of the red Antimonie, to a certaine man strong of body, fiue graines, but to such which were meane of strength, and to women, he ministred only fowre graines. And to the persons weake of body, only thrée graines. But if any shalbe of a mightie strong complexion, thē to him may sixe graines be safely applyed, but he thinketh not good to minister aboue this dose, where necessitie requireth, it may be ministred at any time of the day, yea at midnight if neede shalbe, so that it be receaued fiue or sixe howres after meate, & before or rather after the taking, to fast two or thrée howres. But where necessitie doth not so vrge or require, the aptest time in giuing of it, shalbe in the morning, an howre before the sunne rising. I mi∣nister (saith he) this Antimonie against al Agues, the dropsie, the Iaundise, the bloody scouring, the Melancholy of womē, rewmes the paines of the head, ye french disease singularly, a costiue belly, the flewme & fulnesse of the breast & stomacke, a stincking breath procéeding of the corruption of the stomacke, poysons, fransynesse & many other diseases, these hetherto be his. Against the falling sicknesse, take of the pouder of Antimonie, of Dragons blood, of Castorie, of each two drams, these brought to pouder and mixed, minister after Arte, this also put vnder the tongue of a chylde, if néede requireth.

Gesnerus also hath thus noted, by the iudgement and opinion of others, of the maner of vsing of the same. The dose of Stimmeos or Stibium to be prepared & giuen to the strong persons, must be in waight either fiue or sixe graines, but to persons weake of strenght, only thrée or foure graines, mixed with Sugar Roset, or Violets. To childrē being foure, fiue, or sixe yéeres olde, giue but one graine waight & a halfe, in the Rob or syrupe of Walwooort or elder flowers. To slender old women, one graine, with milke. For this worketh within an howre, or halfe an howre, after the Page  185 taking. This also may be ministred (as some report) to womē with Chyld, without peryll or harme (which I marueylously doubt.)

They which mynd to receiue the Antimonie prepared, let them take it with a fasting stomack, not eating any meat after, for seuen or eyght howers: but within a whyles after the taking, let the per∣son drincke a lytle quantity warme, of the broth of Ccerum. And kéepe within the house, for two dayes space, & moderately drinck yt tyme. Some vse of the Stibium being onely most finely brought to powder and calcyned, with ashes or Lyme in the same maner, but it rather seemeth safer, that it be sundry tymes molten afore.

This helpeth sicknesses, and first the pestilence, and those also which be infected with it, soone after the same is ministred: it is gi∣uen besydes to purge, for the preseruatiun of health. It is also a sin∣gular medicine, against poisons drunck. It secondarily helpeth thē, which be cōtinually vexed with headach. It thirdly staieth rewms, falling to the Lungs. It fowrthly, helpeth the grieffes, & paines of the stomacke, & weakenesse of the same. It doth fiftly remedy, the dropsie. This sixtly, helpeth the hard fetching of breath, and had∣nesse to breath. This seuenthly, doth cure, the particular palsie. And eyghtly, this helpeth ye falling sicknesse. Nynthly, this cureth quar∣taine Agues. The tenth is, that the same remedieth yt Melancholy, the franticke, and madde persons. The eleuenth, whose bodies doe inclyne to a kynd of Leprie, & be affected with a fowle scabbe. Ma∣ny prepare and make pylles of Stibium, after this maner. Take of Aloes halfe an ounce, of Cynamon halfe a dram, of Cloues halfe a scruple, of Masticke halfe a dram, these artly myxed, make a masse of the whole with Rosewater. Take of this masse, vnto the quanti∣tie of thrée Tares, to which myxe thrée graynes of the Stibium pre∣pared, and with Rosewater or wyne, frame to the forme of a pyll, which minister in two or three pylles.

A certayne secrete of a skylfull practisioner, in the cure of that piece of fleshe aboue in the nose causing a stincke, with Antimonie prepared. Take of the powder of the Antimonie prepared, after make a tent, which annoynt with an oyntment seruing to the pur∣pose, the same then rolle in the sayd powder, & put vp to the flesh in the nose: for this speedily cureth, & it is experienced many tymes. After the vse or taking of Antimonie, vnto the comforting of the stomacke, certayne are woont to gyue, these medicines folowing. Page  [unnumbered] Take of the pleasant spiced wine, named Hypacras, two parts, of the Inlep folowing, one part: in these mixed togither, dyp a toast of white bread, on which after straw of the powder of the electuary of the three Sāders, & so much of ye pouders of the mynt & worm wood. The Inlep, is on this wise: take three parts of ye Aqua vitae drawn through a parchment skyn wet with the oyle of Annise séedes, or with some other swéete smelling oyle, & the same distylled by the vapour only of Balneo Mariae, & of Rosewater two parts. In the A∣qua vitae let a few cloues be infused for a night, which mixed togy∣ther, adde to sugar, so much as shall suffice. The French men are woont to giue some Cawdell, or broath, after the taking of the An∣timony, when the person féeleth him selfe prouoked to vomyt, that he may the easilyer vomyt. This gathered out of the letters, of a certayne notable phisition, vnto the singular Gesnerus.

A certaine Empericke affyrmeth, that it may at all tymes or al∣wayes be safely giuen to the sick of the quartaine: & he also vttreth certayne proper experiments of the same. For he gaue of the same, to a certayne dropsie person, & had good successe. Yet he affyrmeth, that this pacient at the first, was in great danger. Of whom when we requyred to know the cause of this, he answered, that he could not purchase the Antimony, sufficiently prepared.

To conclude, a certayne practisioner affyrmeth, that the Antimo∣nie is and may safely be taken: for this kynd of medicine (as he al∣ledgeth) hath the same property of nature, that it rayseth or sendeth away no benigne and profitable humour in the body, but expelleth only the noyouse: & the same eyther by sweate, which where it ap∣peareth, occasion is then mooued, eyther by vomyt, or by stoole.

Certayne do marueylously extol the vse of Antimony, & suppose it to passe or excel al other remedies, in thē which be infected with the pestilence: but I (sayth a most singular man) in his letters vnto ye learned Gesnerus, which haue the Antimony as well prepared, as they haue, know much harme done to many in ye giuing of it. For in ye taking of it, it greuously afflicteth or tormēteth the hart, which is especially caused & wrought in pestilent Agues, this is certaine.

Of the vse of Antimony, a certayne other learned man thus wri∣teth vnto D. Gesnerus: it answereth in all, as gold to lyfe, both in the preparation & vse. The Antimony in the vse, but not in the pre∣paration, that it expresseth or resembleth not the Iacint, it mani∣fesseth. Page  186 I nowe haue first prepared it, and in the preparation of the same, certayne, haue tryed it, as a perfite matter. So that in theyr report of practise, and proper preparatiō trusting, gaue thrée graynes of it to a certayne person, who within two howers and a halfe after, vomyted sixe tymes, and went thrée tymes to the stoole, procuring nor leauing after it any harme.

Of the Antimony prepared, & his vse, another certayne learned thus wryteth vnto D. Gesnerus. I here send to you but a smal péece of Stibium prepared, as the learned Matthiolus vpon Dioscorides instructeth, of which he vttereth a nūber of notable vertues, that if those were certayne & true, who I beséeche you were happyer than I: which may by this medicine rydde or deliuer my self, from that my continual, & cruel sicknesse, as he reporteth there a story of a cer∣tayne person incombred with much windinesse of body, like cured. But I haue vsed the powder of this (vnto this day) & gyuen it more then to twenty persons, hauing sundry diseases: in all which, this first procured vomyting, and after sundry great sieges or stooles, & those without griefe in the body after remayning, as Matthiolus in the same place affyrmeth. And although certayne, of thē became after better, yet were none wholy cleared of theyr sicknesse. For which cause, whether the same perhaps may often be ministred, I now doubt. But our noble persons much alow & commend it, seing it taken in so smal a quantity, doth so singularly & throughly purge corrupt humours. I am woont (sayth he) to myxe this poyson, with most pleasant conserues, and iuyces: in such maner, that without any procurement to vomyt, they may the wyllinger and lightlyer swallow downe the same. I my selfe (sayth he) haue synce vsed or taken of it, to the quātity of two graynes, where I otherwise gaue thrée graynes, and for truth, without any griefe in a maner: and I fyrst vomyted aboue half a pynt of greene choller, with most tough flewme: after I made nyne sufficient stooles, but the sicknesse no∣thing abated of these, but I rather after a few daies became worser (so yt I customably affected with the Melācholy disease in my flāk) was cōstrained, to cease frō taking any purging medicine, whether they shal be vehementer or gentler, &c. That if any be apter or ea∣sier to vomit vpward, & harder to purge downward, or at ye least in∣differēt, to this person may you safely minister two or thrée grayns waight of this Stibiū. But to thē which hardly & painfully vomit, & haue a loose belly, or be of a slender & weake nature, this ministred, Page  [unnumbered] is not without peryll. The same which hytherto I haue studiously obserued: haue I in my letters, faythfull wrytten to you.

Againe another certaine Phisition, wryteth vnto D. Gesnerus, of ye vse of Antimony prepared. I send here to you Antimony, as you requyred the same of mée, prepared by the fyre, & brought to pow∣der, & in that I would not purchase now the whole to send you. I for that cause send you two sortes: the one which declineth vnto a blacknesse, is the self same, that here with vs was often ministred to many. Of the vse of this, I can report yt the same neuer harmed: but I suppose there is another, far better & worthyer. They which vse the same, doe giue of it in the forme of pyls, making an incorpo∣ratiō with an apt syrupe. They giue these pyls a lytle before meat, yt the meate may so insew sone after the taking of the medicine, for by such meanes they affirme them to be reteyned, & the working of this to be then strong. But they be many tymes cast vp againe, be∣fore theyr proper working, if a longer space or time be deferred, be∣twéene the taking of the medicine, and the meate orderly dressed.

Of the oyle of Brymstone. The .xxviij. Chapter.

ALthough brimstone appéereth dry & hard in sight, & for that may seeme to be quite without moisture, insomuch as no oylie sub∣stance cā be drawne out of it: yet the same for truth, is not so drye, & hote, but yt by the mixtion of elements, a certaine moisture, and the same fatty, by which truly it consisteth in this forme, it doth & may contayne to it adioyned: for an oyle is distylled out of it, as some∣tymes absolutely & by it selfe, without the myxing togither of any other simples: but somtimes other simples, are mixed also to it.

An oile out of brimstone alone, as Bassanolus affirmeth, distilled & gathered marueilously by force of fire, & yse. But ye best should be, if any (sayth he) would purchase ye sweating of the brimstone, which in brymstony places, out of hyls, as a flowre sendeth it forth: yet it may & ought to be named the flowre of the brimstone: for as ye dew, euen so doth the sweate yssue forth of the stones. When I (sayth he) accompanied our most noble Duke to Naples, vnto the mighty Charles Emperour, in the yeare. 1535. & being there, labored to sée those hote bathes named Baiae, & other déepe pyts of boiling water, where among the mountaynes lyeth or is a goodly valley, in the myddle of which doth a water boyle most hote, and in another Angle of it, is there a pytte boyling, the grounde or soyle of this Page  187 valle appeareth blew, & compassed with mountaines round about: certayne Ch••dren were there, which I sawe wype the hylles with theye fingers, who after thrusting the fingers into the mouth, lye∣ked them swéetly: which (when I saw) I demaūded what the chyl∣dre then dyd, & answere was made mée, that they dyd eate Brym∣stone, & that it was most swéete: then began I to taste that flowre, which did sweate out of the stones lyke dew: and I found this to be most swéete, insomuch that the same morning I would eate none other thing at my dinner, sauing bread, & that most swéet flowre of Brimstone: and this is the very same, out of which the most perfite oyle should be made. And in another place he writeth againe, where he vseth the lyke worde▪ an oyle of Brymstone may be distylled as well out of the myne stone, that is, he Brymstone not tryed by the fyre, as out of the 〈◊〉 moltē of the fyre. But the best oyle to be cō∣iectured,

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is drawne out of the flowre of brymstone: but out of the Brymstone tryed by fyre, that is puryfied & fine▪ or purged from the stones & earth, by force of the fyre is better, & out of the s••e, which hath not 〈◊〉 molten or ried of the fyre, i a good oyle distilled and gathered. The oile a part & simple i〈…〉 any other thing, a great hea of 〈…〉, after the fou me of the head of a Tinne 〈…〉, with a Nose, being lage bene••h and narrow aboue, hauing a knbbe to hang by which so tye vp, that the same may 〈…〉 from the touching of any other thing in that place 〈…〉 another vessell, narrower then the compasse of te 〈…〉 of white earth 〈…〉 which powre your 〈…〉. And let youell hang so Page  [unnumbered] high from the vessell vnder it, that the smoke going out, choketh or putteth not out the fire, but that the smoke may wholly go vp & bée receiued within the Bell, which if you hang the same two or thrée fingers distant, from the vessell set vnder, it will wel come to passe, and to the nose set a receauer, hauing a little Muske in it dissolued in Rosewater, these done, kindle the Brimstone in such ma∣ner, that the fume or smoke whiles it burneth, may ascend & ryse all within the head, and the Brimstone ought to be sturred some∣times, that it may burne the fre••er. And this conceiue, that ney∣ther any water or oyle will distill, vntill the time, it maketh a cer∣taine thicke cote or crust within the Bell, round about, this Crust will be somtimes a whole day, or it be throughly made, & the oyle then beginneth to distill which diligently gather. And this note, that neuer nothing distilleth forthe, vntill a thicke cote or crust be gathered & made rounde about the Bell, and when the Brimstone fayleth in the dishe, or vessel set vnder, then by litle and lytle powre in of the Brimstone, that it may orderly burne, which spent, poure in more after the same manner, and this doe so long, vntill you see▪ that you haue gathered a darke red oyle, which diligently kéepe in a glasse. And this conceiue, that of fyue pounde of Brimstone, you shall hardly gather one ounce of oyle. And your Brimstone beaten must not be powred in all at once, but by litle & litle, as it wa••eth. And this is one of the rare medicynes, that so long time hath beene hyd, and is also of such efficacy, and vertue, that scarcely any man will beleue the marueylous effectes, onlesse he had or shoulde sée the wounderfull matters, that this doth. For I (sayth the ••mous Leonard Fiorauant) neuer vsed this lycour, but that it singularly wrought, especially mynistred by the mouth. And this oyle thus sweetned, beyng very sowre or eager in taste, may be made potable or to be druncke, if it be mixed with waters agreeable, and proper to the matter, or rather with any pleasaunt Syope, and the quan∣titie at one time to be ministred, is sowre graynes, vnto sixe, n not aboue. It may be incorporated or accompanyed with all maner of Electuaries, and kinde of Pylles, and worke a further benefite and helpe so mixed, then ministred alone. This helpeth all sicke∣nesses, aswell the hote, as the colde, &c. And is a most effectuos oyle in easing of the tooth ach, and whytning of the téeth. For thi••th vehemently drye vp the moysture of them. A certayne person of Page  188 great report, vsed the same in the french vlcers, and of the yard, for although this in the beginning byteh somewhat, yet doth it after take away the payne and vlcer. The heate of it is qualified, with the whyte of an egge beaten, and squirted in and vpon, or with the oyntment of Ceruse applyed vpon or butter often washed. This cureth also the wicked vlcers of the Gumes or Iawes, and mouth in Chyldren, vnto Canckers, and wartes (whych I in my selfe prosperously haue tryed) and other desperate diseases. This oyle of Brymstone is applyed into the Fistulaes of the fundament and Buttocke, and other members of the body, with a syring or squyrte and the heate, if any such be, is after qualifyed, as aboue taught, and it fylleth Fistulaes by the helpe of the whyte Ellebore, & this experienced. This besydes orderly ministred by the mouthe with any apte Syrupe, doth helpe the sheuering colde of the Ague, in that after the takyng, thys prouoketh the bodye to sweate, and purgeth much matter by vryne, it also dryeth vp all the euill hu∣mours of the stomacke, and healeth all Agues, which come by acci∣dent of cold, it dissolueth the stone in the kydneys, & applying of it an vlcers, spéedily cureth thē, in that this heateth & dryeth. And this oyle doth, all the abouesayd matters myraculously, as ye Aucthor re∣porteth, who many times prooued them, and had singuler successe.

Matthiolus hath also a discription of the oyle of Brimstone, in a maner like to this, sauing that there is a certaine difference of the vessels. Let a large mouthed glasse hauing a long taile retching out (like to yt lampe hanging in a Church) be set into sand or Ashes in a bole or other vessell of wood, that the same may stand steddie & vpright. Then about the edge of the glasse, let an yron vessell bée hanged (in height thrée fingers frō the glasse) being oyther round or square, & bo••d through in fowre places, where let yron wiars be thrust downe to the brim or edge of the glasse, in such maner, done that ye vessell in no maner toucheth the glasse, but the wyars onely, and aboue the glasse let a long and déepe pot be hanged, that at the least, a foote, which may receiue the fume ascending, that it may di∣still againe by the neather edges of yt pot into ye glasse standing vn∣der. A man must in the meane time whiles ye Brimstone burneth poure on new pouder by litle & litle with a spone, & the plate (whose neather part draweth vnto the bignesse & forme of the ioynt of the thomb) lay in burning hot, & poure alwaies new brimstone in vntil Page  [unnumbered] one or two pound be consumed. That if the oyle thus succéedeth or commeth not, in that the Brimstone perhappes shall be ouer drye, the pot which inward receyued the fume, set into a cold and moyst place, and the oyle within two dayes wyll so be gathered.

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Isabella Cortesa vtte∣reth an apte maner, of the making of the oyle of Brimstone: take of cytryne Brymstone a certayn quātity, which bring into fine pouder, ye same then powre in∣to an earthen pot ney∣led, lyke to that which the Pottecarie putteth his oyntment into, this set vpryght, fylling it in a maner full, or neare to▪ After hang ouer a Bell of glasse, lyke to the forme of a Lampe, as you see here figu∣red. This done, set the vessell on an earthen platter glased, into which then put an yron plate redde hote, on the sayd brimstone, and forthwith hang ouer the sayd Bell: in such maner, that it toucheth not the mouth of the vessell standing vnder, whereby the oyle may so distyll round about, and fall into the platter▪ For the sayd brym∣stone doth then make a sufficient smoke al about the Bell, through which is caused, that the oyle distylleth downe, & into the platte. If so be you hang the Bell in such order, that it 〈◊〉 couereth the mouth of the vessell, and be the breadth of a knyfe haft distaunt from it, & the vessell standing in a large platter very fayre within, that the oyle may fall into it, which ordered on such wyse, let so re∣mayne, vntyll all the Brymstone be burned in the vessell. After shyft the oyle into a glasse, which kéepe to your vse.

The Brimstone (as a certaine practisioner reporteth) doth not dy∣styll by a glasse, hanged on hygh, but cleaueth & sticketh to the •••es of the glasse. For that cause, let a lytle Aqua vitae be powred into the glasse, so much, as wyl only wet all the sydes of the glasse round about, in rolling the Aqua vitae to all the sydes & parts of the glasse round about. After let the whole glasse be euer•• with a woodden boole, a sheete of paper put betwéene, that no ayre breath forth, and Page  189 set into a colde & moyst place for certayne dayes, vntyll all the mat∣ter so setled in the bottome, and distylled by a glasse Lymbecke. Or if the whole matter be cleare, powre it then into another long necked cleare glasse, and let it be seperated, that the oyles may so be seperated.

Another maner out of Sulphure vyue, which a certayne Phisi∣tion vttered to the Aucthour: fyrst the brymstone ought to be a lytle calcyned, but warely that it be not burned, or set on fyre, in such maner that it may almost be brought into powder. After distyl the same by ascention, for it then easily ascendeth. But he affyrmed, that hard it is, to prepare this oyle: nor that he could well discribe the maner of the same, but that a present sight in the doing is re∣requyred. Vnto D. Gesnerus from a certayne place, was a small piece of brimstone sublimed sent, out of which an oyle was drawn: which is the lyke astringent, as the oyle of vitryoll, & is rather of a watery substaunce, than oylie, which I marueyle at. This bor∣rowed out of a certayne Epistle, vnto Doctour Gesnerus.

Agayne vnto D. Gesnerus, wrote an old friend, and learned man, thus of the oyle of brymstone. Let the brymstone not yet tryed on the fyre, be kyndled in an earthen pan, and on the pan standing on a Treuet, hang a head, as some name it, or a Bell (being of glasse) and pargeted with lute: that it may receyue the fume of the brim∣stone, which within it is thyckned into an oyle, and by the pype or Nose of the Bell stylleth forth into a Receauer standing vnder, which so gathereth the oyle distylling.

Another way: certayne doe make it, after another maner: vnto one part of the powder of Brymstone, they adde another part of flynt stones lyke brought to powder: this myxture powre into a Retort, and set ouer a very soft fyre, they so drawe a singuler oyle. Which oile in what maner diseases it may be vsed, and with what it may be gyuen in eache, and in what quantitie and howe, shall briefy be here vnder vttered.

This oyle is vsed in cold diseases, whose cause procéede and are the humours eyther cold or putryfyed, or in whome much wynde consisteth, as in rotten Agues, Tertians▪ Quotiians, and Quar∣taynes: in the Pestilence, in wounds, in vlcers, espetially hollow and wynding, in many grieffes of the brayne, the mouth, the teeth, the stomacke, the Lyuer, the Mylt, the Matrice, the bladder, the Page  [unnumbered] Bowelles, and ioyntes: to those also which procéede, of the abun∣dance of humour, or of putrifying.

And a lytle of this oyle is ministred, with a distilled lycour, or de∣coction of a congruent hearbe, according to the qualitye of euery part and disease. This is the maner of the measure, a Hennes quyl must be dypped into the oyle, and quicklyer drawne out agayne, & what that hāgeth on the quyl, of the fatnesse or oyle, the same tem∣per in eyther syrupe, or distylled lycour, & giue to drinck to the sick.

And with what, this may be conioyned in each disease: in the quoti••ā Ague, in the wine of the decoction of Rosemary, or mint, a lytle before the fyt. In the Tertian, with the decoction of Centorie in wyne. In the quartaine, with the water of Buglosse. In the Pe∣stilence, with the wyne of the decoction of Radishe, to which a lytle Triacle & Methridate is mixed. In the vlcers & sores of the mouth, a feather or fine bombasie wette in the oyle, and the same softlye apply on the vlcered place, for in the repeating sundry tymes, this oyle doth so throughly heale the euyll. And druncke of such as are molested with falling sicknesse, in the decoction of Byt∣tonie and Pyonie, speedily helpeth. To such vered with the cough, with Nettle séede and Ysope boyled in wyne. In the abundaunce of flewme, with the water of wormewood. In the payne of the sto∣macke, and great gutte of winde, with the water of Camomyll. In the coldnesse of the Lyuer and dropsie, with the water of Ireos, Celondyne, and Hony. In the stoppings and griefe of the Mylt, with Aquatamaricis. In yt French disease, with umiterre water, and broome flowers. Against wormes, in the long grasse or worm∣wood water. In the griefe of the Matrice, with wyne of the decocti∣on of byttonie and Mugwoort. In the staying backe of vryne, with wine of the decoction of garlike. Vnto the cold gowte, with the wa∣ter of Chamaepytyos. And in al these, the like maner must be vsed, as afore was vttered, of the quyll or feather dypped in the oyle, and forth with tempered in an apte lycour. But in wounds and vlcers, the affected place must be annoynted with the oyle, and that gent∣lye with a feather. The tooth that aketh, must be dressed with the same softly. But if all the téeth payne and ake, then let the pacient holde a space & washe the mouth, with the hote decoction of mynts, myxed with a droppe or two of the oyle.

An oyle of brimstone, inuented of a certayne Phisition of Rome, Page  190 and borrowed out of a written booke in the Italian tongue. An oile of brymstone, is easily and soone prepared, & gotten with a Bell of glasse: but the better, & perfiter maner, is this. Let the brymstone be finely brought to powder, and so much of the Pumeyse stone in fine powder, which two myxed togyther & put into a Retort, fasten to it a sufficient large and bygge Receauer, and within two dayes space, by a most soft fire, 〈◊〉 shall distyll & gather the oyle of brym∣stone: which of the Italians is named oile De grata or De regestro. And the pouder of yt Pumeise is added, that the brimstone may not ascend, & that it may also send the vapors sooner vpward. The selfe same properties in a maner are assigned to it, which a lytle afore we recyted, sauing that in a few, we noted this diuersity. That it cureth wounds, by taking of the powder of the leaues of the Oke, of Pympernel, of Er••onie, of Campherie, & of S. Iohns wort, al which well beaten togither, seath in wyne, & to the straining mixe a lytle of this oyle, or at least so much, as may be for the malice, and greatnesse of the wound. And with this decoction, let yt fresh woūd, or old vlcer e washed, and they are speedily cured. In the French disease, after a sufficient purgation, avayleth the oyle ordred in the same maner, as aboue taught. These truly, and al the others afore wrytten, which are to be applyed here: are reported, to be all expe∣riēced, by a singular phisitiō of the Emperors at Bononie, & of ano∣ther notable phisi∣on at Rome.

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An Odoriferouse or sweete smelling oyle of brimstone, & potable or to be drūcke, which hea∣leth & cureth in a maner all diseases & griefts how wic∣ked & desperate so euer they bee: bor∣rowed out of the Italiā booke of se∣cretes, of the sin∣guler Fallopio.Page  [unnumbered] Let the Brymstone be grosely brought to powder, which put into an earthen vessell, ouer which hang a head or Bell with a Nose, being two or three fingers distant from the vessell, and to the Nose set a Receauer, in which let a lyttle of pure Muske dyssolued in Rosewater be put. Which done, kyndle the Brymstone, and the fume shall so ascend & be receyued within the head. But before the Brymstone distylleth wyll a certayne Cate or thynne skynne as it were be gathered within the head (which nothing wyll distyl, be∣fore this Coate shall be thus gathered rounde about the head) re∣membring alwayes to adde or powre in of the Brimstone, by lytle and lytle, as the other afore shall be consumed. This oyle thus dy∣stylled, is caused swéete smelling, yet very sowre in tast. But the same that it may be potable or to be drunck, and well delyghted to be taken by the mouth, let a inlyppe be made of Hony, in the same maner as commonly is made of Sugar, into which instyll so much of the oyle of Brymstone now made, as shal be néedefull to the pur∣pose, and that the same be not ouer sowre to take. This drunck pro∣uoketh sweate and vryne, it cutteth a sunder and ••〈…〉 the wicked humours of the stomacke, all Agues, which in ade with a colde, it helpeth, it dyssolueth the stones of the kydneys▪ •••••eth all kynde of vlcers, if they be applyed with this oyle: in that of the pro∣per nature, this heateth and dryeth. And all these, the oyle of brym∣stone, prepared in the abouesayd maner, I haue found to performe by a sure and infallyble experience.

Another maner▪ but the same by distyllacion, vttered by the same Aucthour▪ the ioynts before dilygently luted and sealed, & followed with a sof fyre, euer increasing the fyre by lytle & lytle in a mean maner. In this maner is and oyle distylled, of singuler vertues. Fyrst the same expelleth all maner of inward impostumes of the body, vnto the vpper face of it: if of the same be taken for three or fowre dayes▪ euery morning fasting one dram (consider that the same quantity, it be ouer much for one tyme) with broth, or wyne, or any such lycour. This auayleth in the harde fetching of breath, helpeth the cough, the rewme, the euyll dispositions of the Lyuer, any maner of scabbe, and cureth especially the pestilence. It is a treasure also, to vlcers and wounds.

Another maner: let some yron vessell be taken which may be sealed with a Lymbecke, sixe fingers or a lytle more 〈◊〉, and the Page  191 same in the neather part downeward by two fyngers, let it haue a large hole of thrée fyngers broade, by which let the Brimstone be powred in, on this vessell set a Limbeck pergeted about with lute, after by the hole a low let the Brimstone be kindled, and burne so long as you thinke needefull, and a lycour will after distill & yssew forth droppe by droppe. And this maner although it be tedious, yet is it not to be contemned.

An oyle of Brimstone also is made by descention vnto the Chy∣mistick workes, in this maner. Let one part of the Cytrine Brim∣stone brought to pouder, and put into an earthen vessel, be molten with a soft fire, to which mixe so much of Roche Alome melted the like at the fire. After grinde both togither, putting the whole into a discentorie standing vnder the earth set into an apt pitte made for the only purpose, on which ceales burning layd, & the same which shall thē be gathered, kéepe to your vse, this out of Diod Euchyont.

An oyle of Brimstone, is thus compwned, take of Brimstone, calcyned two poundes, which infuse in vineger, that the vyneger may flote fowre or sixe fingers aboue, the same after bury in horse dung for fowre weekes, at the end, distil it with a strong fire, for the spyrit of the Brimstone doth then ascend with the vineger, which bury againe in horse dung for two or thrée dayes, after let the vy∣neger be euaporated in a large vessell hauing a wyde mouth, & the spirit and oyle of the Brimstone will then abide in the bottem. The same oyle bury againe in horse dung for eight dayes, which after distill by a Limbecke▪ and in the ende let it be buried for a moneth, for on such wise shall the oyle of Brimstone be purifyed. And it is of great vertue, yet but three droppes giuen at a time. This dung also of the horse, must alwayes be renewed.

An oyle of Naphtae, that is, of Brimstone vncombystible or neuer burned, which is of the spirites vnseperated, and clarifyed, is pre∣pared and made after this manner, take of the Naphtae, that is, of any cytrine Brimstone, one part, of salt Armoniacke fiue partes, these two beate, & mixe togither. After adde to them of the commō oyle a little, which then temper togither after the forme of paste, or of a thicke sauce. These then put into a Cucurbite, & a humour after wil distil with a soft fire, of great vertue vnto many matters. But to the first distillation ended, adde of common salt fiue partes, of vnsleaked lyme fiue partes, then a paste made of these distill a∣gaine, Page  [unnumbered] & thus do for fowre times, and at euery time prooue with a candell or otherwise, vntil it burneth not. For with such an oyle of Naphtae, is Mercurie sublimed, and Arsenicke sublimed purifyed, and made cleare, auailing vehemently vnto the white worke.

An oile of Brimstone without distillatiō, against the paine of the goute, prepared & made after this maner, borrowed out of a writtē booke. Take of sulphure viue, two poūds, of the yolks of egges .xxv. in nūber, these beaten & labored togither, put into an yron possenet, boyling these with a soft fire, and when the substance beginneth to burne, leane the yron pan on the one side, and the same which is ly∣quid, will then yssew forth, & you shall so purchase, that you desire.

An Oyle of Sulphure or Brimstone, without distillation, doth Brassanolus thus prepare, take of Cytrine Brimstone, & of Turpē∣tine, of eche three oūces, of good wine thrée ounces, of oyle of Roses one pynt, boyle these togither with a soft fire vnto the consumption of the wine, what that after remaineth, is the oyle of Brimstone.

Otherwise and that sooner, is on this wyse prepared, take a strong lye, or the lycour made of vnquenched lime stieped in it, that will well beare an egge aboue. In this strong lye, let the Brym∣stone boyle so long, vntill a fatnesse shall appeare on the vpper face of the lye, and that the Feces shall fall to the bottome, then as it were by a skymming of, is this fatnesse gathered.

Or let the Brymstone brought to fyne pouder, and powred in∣to hote water, boyle so long, vntill the earthly parte be setled, and that the Oylie swymmeth aboue on the face of the water, whych practise was reported to me to be done, whiles I was in Venice.

Or take of the oyle of Lyne seede two partes, into which put one part of Sulphure viue, these after the diligent mixing togither, bu∣rie in dung for two dayes, in a vessel close stopped, and it will be cleare and fayre.

Of the oyle of Vitrioll, and of the making of the Oyle of Vitrioll, out of Valerius Cordus in a maner. The xxix. Chapter.

THe Oyle of Vitrioll, which of some is named the Oyle of lyfe, or Artificiall Melancholy, and that many affyrme to make of it Page  192 a kynde of Au••m potabile or potable Golde, in that the myne of Vystrioll, is a kynde of the myne of Golde, desyred both of the Physitions and Chymistes. And it is also at this day much exer∣cysed and vsed of many Phisitions in sundry purposes, for which cause, as a most rare and singuler secrete, kepte wyth them couered and vnknowen. And this is none other, than an Alome qualitie and substaunce, drawne out of the Vytrioll by Arte, and a lyttle myxed with Brymstone. For the same Vytrioll of what manner it is made, doth appeare to consiste of a triple myxture, as of much Alome, some ruste, and a lyttle Brymstone. For the Alome water in Mettalles, distylling by the Copper vaynes and Marchasite, attayneth a rusie or cankred qualitye, and a Brim∣stonye, whych resteth myxed to the Marchasite, that by lyttle and lyttle gathereth, or by industrie is boyled vnto a thicknesse. But in the distylling, the Alommie and Sulphurie vapour onely doe ascende, and the rustie qualitie (by that meanes) left behinde in the bottome of the Retorte, through which is caused, that this oyle hath of Alome, and not the taste of Ruste in it. And there are two diuersities of this oyle, as a sharpe and swéete. The eager or sharpe Oyle consisteth of a double myxture, that is, of much A∣lome, and a lyttle Brymstone. But the swéete, doth simply con∣siste of Brymstone. In that it is none other, then a lyquid Brim∣stone, drawen out of the eager Oyle. For which cause not the Alome in taste at all, but the Brymstone is perceyued. And both is to be prepared and made with great care and diligence, in for∣myng an apt Furnace, and applying of a Retorte, and recea∣uer agréeable, for the aptnesse of the Instrumentes (as certayn Chymistes affyrme) procureth a maistrie. These hytherto Cordus. But in this place, what the auncient Philosophers vnderstoode by the name of the oyle of Vitrioll, whose discriptions we minde here to vtter, whether the same any otherwise, then that in the manner of preparing, may at the least differ, and not in the matter out of whych, those of any skyll and practyse in this Arte, nothing doubt. Séeyng this, besydes the other properties of it, in a manner in∣numerable, may also conteyne in it the vertue of corrodyng (which matter also that it may be made apparant of the same, in that this can not bee wrought and kéepte▪ but in the beste Vnice glasse, that the cankred lyppe anoynted of the same oyle maye Page  [unnumbered] be consumed) of this, the vse of it at anytime, cānt be daūgerous. For that cause I suppose (sayth he) that this oyle of the auncientes was prepared in another manner, and was much subtiller ▪ with∣out corroding, and distilled in Balneo Mariae. But for so much as this maner in vnknowen, therefore the later practisioners from time to time inuented, diuerse and sundry preparations. Nor am I ignoraunt (sayth he) how neere vnto the perfection of these, the pre∣parations agree, as that the pure & hurtfull, may be seperated from the vnpure & vnhurtful, the subtill and penetrable, from the grosse and immouable. For in what manner soeuer any matter, may be made subtiller, clearer & more penetrating, of these, doth it declare the greater vertues in action. In that the Feces of the simple ele∣ments, hinder the actions. And for that cause doe the auncient Phi∣losophers, make mention of the reduction vnto the first matter, vn∣to which when it shall come, the matter attaineth an extreeme sub∣tilnesse, and the greatest also it yeeldeth in the practiue worke. So that you neede not to deubt, but such an oyle of Vitrioll, which shal attaine the extreeme subtilnesse in preparation, may in his actions to come, be not onely most perfite, but also nothing at all hurtfull, by which reason, if the practysioners in the preparations, shalbe ey∣ther negligenter or slacker, through this may it be caused the more venimous, to the taking within the body. For how much the lesser the practysioner may erre or doth erre in the preparatiō, and distil∣lation of the same, or howe the oyle may be made perfitter, these three hereafter are diligently to be considered before all others. First, what maner of Vitrioll must or ought to be chosen, then how the same may be boyled, and what manner of calcination vsed. For it séemeth, that the same rule or order, which was afore vttred and taught in the preparation of Antimonie, may like be applied in the oyle of vitrioll. And the Antimonie (as they say) except it be dili∣gently chosen, and very well calcyned after art, they in no wyse graunt, that the same rightly and without daunger may be mini∣stred, for which cause they will it carefully to be prepared, that the venimous qualitie may so be auoyded.

THe true choosing of Vitrioll out of Valerius Cordus. The .xxx▪ Chapter.

SEing there be many kindes of Vitrioll, for this reason, must it fully and perfitely be vttered, what maner and kinde of Vitriol, Page  193 best answereth & agréeth to this worke. And although out of euery maner and kind of Vitrioll, an oyle by distillation may be drawē, yet a more yéelde of oyle, and the same worthier or more excellent then the others, is distilled out of the blew or gréene Vitriol, in that this contayneth much of the fugitiue Brimstone, through which it is much holpen, that the oyle may the easier & lightlyer ascende. It is also to be noted, that the growē Vitrioll, and especially the Hun∣garian, to be better and rather chosen, then the made or counterfai∣ted. The same besides is rather to be chosē, which cleaueth in great clusters, & is coniealed in greater lumpes. For that the small bro∣ken Vitrioll, and in a maner to pouder, must be reiected as vnpro∣fitable in this case, euen as that also, which gathered through the iniurie of the sunne, or aire, a whitnesse, & dustie hoorinesse. But the learned Fallopio, and singuler practisioner Leonard Fiorauant, doe rather commend and preferre the Romaine, then the Germaine Vitriol, to this vse, seing the same containeth somwhat of the yron in it.

The maner of seething of the Vitrioll out of Cordus. The xxxi. Chapter.

FOr as much as the Vitrioll containeth much of the waterie and excrementall moysture in it, which weak••eth or hindereth the oyle, and can not without a long time, and great paynes, be se∣perated by distillation from the Oyle, the same compendious∣ser waye must (of this) be inuented by whych in a shorte space of tyme, that moysture maye bee consumed, least the long tarry∣aunce maye cause a wearinesse to the practisioner▪ Therefore take of the aforesayde Vitryoll, twelue poundes, whych pow∣red into a great newe potte, and well nealed, set into the Fur∣nace déepe, vpon burning coales, where, when the same shall begynne to melte and seeth, sturre wyth a spattle, that the whole maye be myxed with the molten, and vntyll that be like molten, which suffer so long to sééthe, vntill no bubble or small bladder at all appeareth, and that the whole bee thickened, after the potte wyth the Vitryoll taken forthe of the Furnace, suffer to coole, neyther in a moyste, nor wyndie place, but in a dry and warme Page  [unnumbered] The Vytrioll beyng through colde, take out of the pot, and consi∣der whether the vpper face of it be throughout reddyshe. For the rednesse of it▪ is a sure note of the perfite seething, that it may the easier he calcyned.

The maner of calcining of the Vitrioll, out of the same Aucthour. The xxxij. Chapter.

THe Vitryoll taken out of the potte, breake into small partes, and in a morter most fynely bryng to pouder, after powre a thyrde, or fourth part of it, into a newe and stronge nealed potte, which set againe into a déepe Furnace, as aboue vttered, & burne a whyles, vntyll it be come redder, after take the potte from the fyre, and sturring it, sée whether the Vitrioll be sufficiently calcy∣ned. For if in the potte appeareth after the manner of quicksyl∣uer, or molten leade, and that it casteth or sendeth forth leapyng bubbles, you may then conceyue that the Vitrioll is sufficiently burned. Then powre it into the great and new potte afore heated, and it will run forth as it were lyquid, or vnto the maner of quick∣syluer. And what that remaineth of the Vitrioll, burne in like ma∣ner orderly, that it may wholy be calcyned, when it shall thus be burned and colde, let it be mixed agayne very well in a morter, in such maner labouring and sturring of it, that you raise not vp the pouder or dust, which might offend the mouth, and nosethrelles. Af∣ter you haue performed all these, and powring the Vitrioll into a Ballance, consider and know iustly the waight. For if it be syxe poundes, which is the half of the same▪ that you first began to seeth, yet remayning, then haue you well handled, and rightly done all things, that ought to be performed.

Of the making▪ and forme of the Furnace. The xxxiij. Chapter.

FIrst an apt Furnace, must be framed and made, of Tyles layde flatte, for howe thicker the walles be made, so much the stron∣ger is the fyre caused within, & the heate longer kept. The walles also of this Furnace, ought to stand fowre square, & of a like thick∣nesse rounde about, and the hollow spce within, must be of two spanne lengthes, lacking the thirde part of a spanne, which done, it Page  194 must then be builte vp within, and in the toppe, after this maner, that the fyrst and lowest parte or hollownesse, be builte halfe a foote hygh, wyth stronge yron barres thycke layde, whych the wayght of the burning coales can not bende. The seconde space or

[illustration]
hollownesse made, aboue the yron grate (for a resting) ought to be two foote hygh, and through the foresyde a square hole artly made, iuste by the grate, to put the coales in with a lyttle shouell. After by the myddle space, regardyng the Furnace in the selfe same myddle, let a fowre square yron barre be layde ouerthwarte, in bygnesse or thycknesse of a thombe, which may well beare the Re∣torte layde vpon. Then on the lefte syde of the Furnace, must a hole be lefte open, through which the necke of the Retorte may be drawen.

The distillation of the Vitrioll. The .xxxiiij. Chapter.

AFter you haue thus built & prepared the Furnace, choose then a bigge Retort, & that apt to the purpose, being of the Venice glasse made, if it be possible to be gotten, which diligently & strongly lute about, into the same poure al the Vitrioll (as by example the sixe poundes afore prepared and calcyned) yet that a fourth parte of thē Retort remayne emptie, whereby the spirites may the easyer Page  [unnumbered] ascende from the Vitrioll, after vpon the yron barre layde ouer∣thwarte, Lute spredde, and a sharde of a potte or tyle layde iuste vpon the myddle of the barre, beyng lyke luted, on which set the Retorte thus fastned, that the belly of it may bée placed, iuste lying in the myddle of the Furnace. And let the beake or necke of the Retorte retche wythout, and stoupe downe warde, and the hoole also through which the necke passeth, diligently stoppe with Lute. After take fyue Tyles, with which make a yuer on the Furnace, that the Retort may so lye hyd vnder that couer. This couer then spredde ouer with lute euerye where, sauing fowre holes lefte open, and that in eache corner one, for the fume or smoke to passe, beyng so large, that a thombe maye well passe in and out, in eache hole. After make fowre couers sufficient broade (for the holes) of stronge Lute, wyth which stoppe or couer the holes, as néede requireth. These beyng done, thrust the mouth within the necke of a great receauer set vnder, beyng lyke of Ve∣nice glasse, which howe greater the same shalbe, so much the frée∣lyer it will receaue the spyrites entred, but if the receauer bée small, then is it daungerous, least the plentie of spyrites stretched abroade, maye breake the glasse. Also powre into the receauer of very cléere water sixtéene ounces, in that the water soone receiueth the spirites vnto it, and prohibiteth or defendeth that the receauer be not broken, and let these bee diligently luted togither in ye ioynt taking carefull héede besydes, that nothing fall after into the recea∣uer, seeing the oyle staineth it into a red colour. When you haue performed all these, let the lute dry for a night, and if any chops or cliftes do appéere, let those be pargeted ouer with lute, & the same morning after make a gentle fyre in the beginning, of pure & great coales, setting opē one of the holes aboue, by which the fume may passe, and let the fire within a whiles, be increased by litle and litle vnto euening, at which time the second hole must be opened. And marke then diligently, whether any spirites appéere, which yssew forth of the Retort, after ye forme of a white smoke, breathed into ye receiuer. In ye night folowing be marueilous carefull, that the fire slacke or abate not, but rather sharper, yet but a litle more increa∣sed, so that the fire after increased kéepe in that force: & in the nexte daye open the thyrde hole, increasing still the fyre, vntill the necke Page  195 of the Retort glowe like a burning coale, in the seconde nyght fol∣lowing increase the fyre, and after mydde nyght open the fourth hoole, when the fyre shall be growen and come vnto the greatest heate, you shall then see the spyrites yssew forthe, euen lyke to cloudes heaped togither, which when they be at the poynt to ceasse, open all the passages and ventes of the Furnace, and without cea∣sing powre in coales with a small shouell, vntill the receauer also appeare glowing hote, in the meane time, and presently be very carefull, that no cold nor moyst matter, fall by negligence, or by hap on the receiuer. These be••de ought to be wrought, in a close rome where neyther wete, nor winde may enter. And the fire must so long be maintained, ••tyll no spirites at all be left in the Vitrioll, which by ight may easily be discerned, when no more spyrites yssew forthe, let the fire die and goe out by it selfe, and suffer the whole worke to rest and coole, for a whole night and a daye. After draw away the receyuer with the whole lycour in it, and set asyde close stopped, vntill you ••all seperate the oyle from the water, be∣holde then the Retort broken, and sée whether the deade heade be blacke, for this is a note of the worke performed.

A seperation of the water infused. The xxxv. Chapter.

FOr as much as in the receyuer, is water conteyned, togyther with the oyle of Vitryoll: the same must be seperated, that the lycour of the Vitrioll may be set vp, and reserued pure. And this is seperated by distillation in Balneo Mariae, or in fine syfted Ashes, but saffer is the doing, in Balneo Mariae. For which cause powre all the lycour which is in the receauer, into a Cucurbite of Venice glasse, setting on the head made of the like glasse, which di∣ligently lute in the ioynt round about. After make a soft fyre by li∣tle and litle vnder Balneo, and suffer the water to yssew, vntil the eyghtéen ounces be come forth, that you powred in. If so be the Vi∣trioll shal not be well calcyned then a more quantitie of water wil yssew. For which cause sée that these eightéen ounces, be large or downe wayght: when you haue done this, suffer the Balnē to coole and the water distilled forth thrw away, but that which in Balneo shalt remaine in the bottome of the Cucurbite, is the pure oyle of Page  [unnumbered] Vitrioll, yet hath it for the more part a red colour, for which cause must it be rectified, after the forme and maner folowing.

A rectifying of the oyle of Vitrioll. The ▪xxxvj. Chapter.

TAke a Retort of Venice glasse▪ which diligently fence with lute after powre into it, ye oyle which is contained in the Cucurbite. That Retort set into a lesser furnace, & into a déepe pan, filled with pure and washed Sande, which like distill in the Sand, as you did in Balneo, in sharpning and increasing the fire by litle and litle, that the droppes may leasurely fall. Thrust the mouth of the Re∣tort into the necke of the receauer made of the same glasse, and the ioynt diligently close with the best lute, •• no matter breath forth, when the whole shalbe distilled forth of the Retort, suffer it to coole & after the taking away, powre it againe into a pure Venice glasse which hath a narrow mouth, & set the same hrely vlse stoppe as a present remedy in many diseases▪ that is▪ the share oyle of v∣trioll, whose vertues and propertie shall hee vnder be vtt••ed.

The vertues of the oyle of Vitrioll. The ▪xxxvij. Chapter.

THe pure and not mixed, ought not, nor may be ministred or takē within the body, for through the mighty sharpnesse therof, after the m••er of ••e▪ this 〈◊〉 all places within the body, w••re ye same touche••▪ It oth also 〈◊〉 all hings, except 〈…〉 the fatie substances▪ as the waxe pitch▪ 〈◊〉 the colour of 〈◊〉 oyles this changeth, except the colour of the oyle of Mace▪ to which •• it bee 〈◊〉 procureth a sanguine colour. If the Oyle als〈◊〉 conti•••d within two vessels▪ and that the one hath a colde 〈…〉 in it, and 〈…〉 to the same▪ 〈◊〉 after oyle so fe•••ntly 〈…〉 scarcely e 〈…〉 hold the glasse in yo•• hand. The oyle shed downe, boy•••••he grounde, euen as a kynde of Melancholy, whereof this is a••ed the ar∣tificiall Melancholie▪ For lyke as the Mola••holy▪ euen so doth this oyle comforte the stomacke, and both mooueth and pro•••eth an apptyte to meate, heateth colde s••acke▪ onsumeth all maner 〈◊〉, utteth a sunder the grosse and cla•••y humours, elpeth the 〈◊〉 and perrillous yxe Dysente•• extinguisheth Page  196 or qualifyeth the thyr••, and burnyng heate of the inner mem∣bers in Agues, it stayeth belching spéedily, and putteth away the desire to vomite, and the abhorring of meate, but this must be or∣derly myxed with some other apte matters. For the better and readyer conceauing of this artely myxture, learne an example or two here vnder vttered.

Take of the oyle of Mace, and of cleare Turpentine, of eache twelue droppes, of the water of Annyse seedes, and of Fennell, of eche two ounces, of the syrupe of Lycorise one ounce, of the oyle of Vitrioll three of foure droppes, these after the diligent myxing to∣gither, taste, if the whole hath a sharpnesse with it, which astnieth not the teethe then is it well, but if the potion be not soure or sharpe, instill one or two droppes more, proouing the same by taste how it is, after drincke the same safely, against the stone. Or thus.

Take of ye syrop of intes▪ one o••ce, of the water of Cynamon three ou••es, and a halfe of the oyle of Cynamon two droppes, and of the oyle •• Vitrioll thrée droppes, these after the diligent mixing minister safely, vnto the weakenesse of stomacke.

Or thus, take of the syrupe▪ of the iuyce or infusion of Violettes, one ounce, of the water of Cynamon, one ounce, of Barly thrée ounces, and of the oyle of Vitrioll, thrée or foure droppes, these af∣ter the mixing, draweth and causeth a red colour, and taste of an eager or sowre wine, a••••tysed with Cynnamon, this drinke, a∣gainst the heate, and drieth of feuers or Agues.

Of the sowre oyle of Vitrioll, how the same may be made sweete to taste. The xxxviij. Chapter.

AT the begynnyng of this Chapiter of the oyle of Vytrioll, wee sufficiently vttered, the oyle of Vitryll to be sowre, and to consiste of a double myxture, as of much Alome, and a lytle Brim∣stone. For which cause, when you will haue out the eager or sowre, drawe a swéete oyle, the same is none otherwise wrought and cau∣sed, then that the brimstone be seperated frō the Alome, E y which appéereth, that the swéete oyle of Vitryoll, is none other, than the oyle of Brimstone, or the Brymstone it selfe reduced into a lyquide substaunce, and thys properlie maye be named a oyle. Page  [unnumbered] For it is both fattie and vnctuous, euen as the Brimstone it selfe, which into an oyle, and not into water dissolueth or melteth. The maner now of seperation, after inseweth.

The maner of seperating the oyle. The ▪xxxix. Chapter.

TAke of the most sharpe or eager burning wyne, and thrise sub∣lymed, syxe ounces, of the eager Oyle of Vitrioll, so much, these myxe togyther in a Venice glasse, which after powre into a small Cucurbite with a narrowe necke and mouth, the mouth then close or stoppe with the surest lute, and let the same so stand, for a whole moneth or two. After powre the whole into a Cucurbite▪ on which set the head, and lute immediatly the ioynt▪ that no matter b•••the forth (this head ought to be formed▪ after the maner of the fygure, here after described, and made of Venice glasse, as well as the bo∣dye) this so ordered, set then 〈◊〉 a small F••nace▪ and •••eit halfe way vp with ifted Ashes, to which after apply the receauer, and close diligently the ioynt with ••te, then draw out the ••xe ••n∣ces of burnyng wyne, that you powred in before. That th••〈◊〉 the safelyer be wrought and done, set the 〈◊〉nto Baleum Ma∣riae, and the wyne onely doth then ascende, without the oyle, or the oyle remaineth behinde; when you shall 〈◊〉 drawen forth by Bal∣neo, the sixe ounces infused of the 〈…〉 wyne, the same which re∣maineth, set into a Furnace, couered halfe vp with Sande▪ and a cleare and emptie receauer, and the same not bgge set to, the ioynt after diligētly close with lute, vnder which kindle then a very soft or modest ••re, and by litle and litle drawe or distill forth all the moysture, which was left in the Cucurbite, vntill no more moy∣sture at al appeereth in the bottom, euermore hauing regard & most great care, that you so gouerne the fire, that the lycour boyleth not vnto the gutter or pype of the head. For i it shal once boyle vp vnto this, you cannot after ceasse or stay the boyling, by no meanes pos∣sible, but that all hastily ysseweth into ye receiuer, to the losse of the whole oyle, in that this is wont verye easily and soone to boyle vp. But when you shal draw the same leasurely, you shal then obtain your desire, & by & by after draw away the receauer with the licour for you haue purchased two substaunces, which you shal plainely sée in it, as a waterie, and Oylie lycour, and fattie. These shall Page  197 you spéedilye seperate, one from the other, in such maner, that no watery humour be eft 〈…〉 in the oyle. For that 〈◊〉 water left (if any such be) corrupteth the 〈◊〉. And the oyle is woont mst com∣monly to 〈…〉 the aer, especia••y if the 〈◊〉 wyne be powred •••ord, and shall be drawne altogyther y Balneo Ma∣riae: but you may by and 〈◊〉 after 〈◊〉 in the •••ling▪ the oyle from the water. In that the oyle is fattie, but the water very lytle at all. The oyle thus seperated, dilygently kéepe stopped to your vse.

The fygure of the Cucurbite with the Limbecke or head annexed: which head must be framed and made of Venice glasse bro∣ken molten and wrought into the fourme, here vnder demonstrated. The .xl. Chapter.

[illustration]

THe vertues of it which is sepe∣rated, be altogyther the same, which of the Brimstone, but it per∣f••rmeth all them effectuousser, in that through the lyquidnesse this doth easer penetrate vnto the pro∣peractious, which the Brymstone cannot doe: for that it is otherwyse hyndered, through his solydnesse and thycknesse. And the same more may this oyle than the brim∣stone, that it auayleth besydes vn∣to all putryfactions of the body, and especially vnto the plague or Pestilence, vnto the clensing of the Lungs, in the plureie, and apo∣stume in the Lungs named Peripuenmonia, and harde or paynfull cough, matter in the body, and both grosse and clammy humours. For it may safely and without perryll, be taken within the body. This suffereth not the stone to ingender, neyther in the kydneys, nor in the bladder, and this healeth the vlcered bladder. The dose or quantity of it at a tyme, is one droppe, or two, or thrée, and tem∣pered Page  [unnumbered] in a lytle wyne. It may alo be prepared and myxed, in round and ••uare tables made of Sugar. And ••us dilygently be reserued, for out of one pound 〈…〉 litle of the eager 〈◊〉 drawn, and it 〈◊〉 vaisheth away through the 〈…〉. Th•••ytherto▪ or the most of them▪ bor••wed out of the 〈◊〉 of Vale∣••••ord•• of the artificiall 〈…〉.

An oyle of Vitryoll▪ prepared after this maner, according to the learned Fllopio, in his Italia ooke of the ecrete remedies. Take of Romayne vitryoll, in that the Germayne is not to be vsed, nor ood▪ for this contayneth copper in it, and the Romayne hath yron: & this is the cause, why the one is good, and the other euyll; so that when any wyl mynister of the oyle to the sick, regard must he had: seeing the copper is an enemye to the stomacke, & the yron a friend, and much healthfull. Of this Romayne vitryoll take a quantity, which put or set in a Furnace of reuerbaration, letting it there so long remaine, vntil it be calcined vnto a rednesse or become rdd▪ After it shall thus e aloyned to a rednesse or be redde, put the whole into a body of Venice glasse, strongly fensed with the lute of wysedome, and the glasse body ought to be made, after the forme of a lute, with a part of the belly la, and set into a Furnace of reuer∣beration, after such maner, that a part of the necke hangeth with∣out the Furnace and tendeth downward somewhat, to which an∣nexe the Receauer, dilygently stopped or closed in the ioynt with lute: then contynew a fyre for fowre whole dayes, and so many nyghtes, vntyl all the substa••ce be yssewed forth, or that no more remayneth which may be distylled by force of the fyre. Which en∣ded, the oyle wyll appeare very blacke, in a maner as Incke, this diligently keepe in a strong glasse close stopped, that no ayre breath forth. This maner of way is easie to be done, and the best. That synguler Fallopio, applyed and vsed of it after this maner, he fyrst tooke one pounde of the Inleppe of Violettes, and one pounde of the finest Aqua vitae, and three ounces of Rosewater, in which eyght graynes of Muske dyssolued, and one dramme of the sayd Oyle, these myxed togyther, formeth or maketh a diuyne com∣position in his working. For by gyuing one sponefull of it to a pa∣cient, fytted with a sharpe and hote Ague, is by & by after refreshed and cooled▪ And for the spytting of blood, the fluxe of the body, the Page  198 breaking of veynes in the breast, an a Rewme, this