An anniuersarie memoriall of Englands deliuery from the Spanish inuasion deliuered in a sermon on Psal. 48. 7,8. By Thomas Gataker B. of D. and pastor of Rotherhith.
Gataker, Thomas, 1574-1654.
Page  1

PSALME 48.7, 8.

7. As with an East wind, thou breakest the Ships of Tarshish; so were they destroyed.

8. As we haue heard, so haue we seene in the Citie of the Lord of Hoasts, in the Citie of our God: God will establish it for euer. Selah.

AS in all well-gouerned States there are publike aRegisters, and Re∣cords, that the memory of Iudge∣ments and Acts may not perish: So hath God in mans Soule ere∣cted a Register, to wit, the facultie of bRemembrance, for the preseruation of such oc∣currents, as are of weight, and may be of vse for the direction of mans life.

Page  2But this Register is very much abused by the greatest part of those that haue the custody of it. For if the Records that the most enter therein, and keepe there, were surueyed, c there would be found filed there large rolls fraught with friuolous and froathie stuffe, of little weight, and lesse vse, yea (it may be) with much filthy, and vnsauoury matter, d not once to be mentioned, much lesse to be re∣membred: scarce any script, or scroll of ought, that is ought worth, or worthy to be entred in soeroyall a Register.

Now if any thing deserue to be there carefully re∣corded, that it may by that meanes be transmitted to posteritie, it should be fGods word, and his works, his extraordinary Acts especially either of Iudge∣ment, or of Mercy. For the former, the Prophet Ioel willeth the people of his time, both to record them themselues, and to cause their Children to record them, and them also to relate them to their posteri∣tie. gTell it you to your Children; and let them tell it to their children; and their Children to those that rise in their roome. Of the latter saith the Psalmist,hAsaph, or who euer he were; iHe commanded our Fathers to teach it to their Children, that posteritie might know it, and the Children that are yet vnborne might declare it to their Children hereafter; that Gods works might not be forgotten.

In which kinde the pious, and religious Act of k the Founder of this Exercise is very much to be commended, who hauing culled out three principall Acts of Gods extraordinary Mercy exhibited to the Land wherein we liue, as great as any euer vouch∣safed Page  3 to any State whatsoeuer, hath established a l solemne Anniuersarie Memoriall of them to per∣petuate them to all posteritie.*

To my Lot is fallen that madmirable Deliuerance in 88. from thatnInuincible Armado, as it was then stiled and termed.

For the remembrance whereof, and of Gods mer∣cy in it, I haue made choice to intreat of some o par∣cell of this Psalme, not vnbefitting (as you may soone see) the present occasion.*

The Psalme, is a Psalme (not so much p〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉,* as 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, and q〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉) of Praise and of Tri∣umph.

Of the praise of God, and his goodnesse to his Church.*

Of triumph ouer Gods enemies, and the enemies of his Church.*

The rPraise of God,* and his goodnesse to his Church, is laid downe from the first verse to the fift.*

The speciall ground of this praise sa victorie through his assistance atchieued against his enemies,* and the enemies of his Church is, by way of triumph, related from the fift verse to the tenth.*

And in the Relation hereof there is,*

First t the enemies Attempt; and therein

1. Praeparatio; their preparation;*Conuenerunt pariter; they met together.

2. Expeditio; their expedition;*Progressi sunt pa∣riter; they went on together.

Secondly, the issue, and euent of it:* not like that Page  4 of Casar,uVeni, vidi, vici; I came, I saw, I ouercame: but, venerunt, viderunt, veriti sunt, victi sunt: they came, they saw, they were ouercome, with astonish∣ment, with feare, with defeature.

1. xContemplati sunt; they but viewed the Land that they came to inuade.*

*2. Obstupuerunt, they wondred that they were able to make head against them.

3. Conturbati sunt; they were troubled, disaraied, disappointed.*

*4. Festinauerunt; they made all the haste they could to be gone.

*5. yTimor eos apprehendit; they were full of feare, & affrightment, when they found not free passage.

*6. Et dolor, vt dolores parturientis; they were sur∣prised with paines, being thus cast into such streights and distresses; like a woman in her trauell.

*Lastly, zEuro conteris naues Oceani, they were discomfited, and destroyed, as the Ships of the *Le∣uant Seas are, when with a furious East-wind they are bruised, and battered, and broken to peeces a∣gainst the rocks.

*If I should say no more, but adde only the words following: aProut audiuimus, & vidimus; What we haue heard with them, we haue seene done for vs; it were a very pregnant description of this our deli∣uerance. But somewhat more must be said, that we may learne what vse to make of it.

*The Relation of this Victorie atchieued for them by God (for b to him alone it is ascribed) is here c further illustrated.

Page  51. By a report of what was past:* the words seeme to haue reference not to the ddpredictions of Gods Prophets, but to former examples rather of the like done for Gods people: What we haue heard done in our fore-fathers time for them, we haue seene done in our daies for vs.

2. By a promise of further future protection. God will establish it for euer.

And their thankfulnesse followeth in e the next Verse:* (that which we through Gods mercy suruiue to doe this day) We recount, or meditate on thy mer∣cy, ô Lord, in the middest of thy Temple, that is, in the middest of the Congregation there gathered to∣gether.

Thus you see briefly the Summe,* and the Sub∣stance, as of my Text, so of the former part of the whole Psalme.

I come now to some Instructions that out of it may be obserued.

The first of them is this.

f Quaerunt ruinam, qui ruinam cogitant.
They bring destruction vpon themselues, that seek the ruine of Gods elect. gThe wicked (saith the Psal∣mist) practiseth against the righteous; and seeketh oc∣casion to slay him. But the Lord the whiles laugheth him to scorne: for he seeth that his day is comming.hThe wicked haue drawne their sword and bent their bow, to ouerthrow, and destroy those, that be of an vp∣right conuersation: But their sword shall be sheathed Page  6 in their owne side; and their bow shall be knapt in twoiAll that prouoke thee (saith God by the Prophet Esay to his people) shall be confounded, and brought to nought; all that contend with thee, shall perish. Thou shalt seeke them, and shalt not finde them. All that striue with thee shall be as nothing: all that warre vpon thee, as a thing of nought. And kI will make (saith God by the Pro∣phet Zachary) Ierusalem as a cup of rancke poison to all those that besiege her; which when a thirstie man lighteth vpon, and swalloweth downe suddenly, hee findeth his bane in that, that hee hoped to quench his thirst with. lI will make Ierusalem an heauie stone to all people; such a one as mshall crush to peeces all that attempt to lift it, or to remoue it: so shall she teare to peeces all that attempt to stirre her, though all the nations in the world should ioyne to∣gether against her.nI will make the Princes of Iuda like coales of fire among seare-wood, and like a fire∣brand in a sheafe; & they shall deuoure, & destroy all the people that beset them on the right hand, and on the left.

The Reason hereof:

*1. Dei qui Ecclesiam impetunt, Deum petunt. They that fight against Gods Church,ofight against God himselfe. pThey persecute not you so much, as Christ in you, saith Saluian.qSaul, Saul (saith our Saui∣our) why doest thou persecute me. And in so doing, they doe but as one (saith the Comick) rthat bea∣teth a stone, and spoileth his hand; or sas the beast that Page  7 spurneth at the goade, that he was pricked with; the maimeth but his foot by it, & getteth a worse wound; or u as the Boare, that runneth fiercely vpon the Speare, and so receiueth into his body the whole weapon that the Hunts-man holdeth. xWhy (saith the Psalmist) doe the Nations rage, and the people keepe such a coile to no end? The Kings of the earth band themselues together, and the Princes assemble themselues together, against the Lord, and against his Anointed? Therefore against the Lord himselfe, be∣cause against the Lords Anointed. And as yhe that riseth against the Lords Anointed, riseth against the Lord by whom hee is anointed: So they that rise a∣gainst the Church of God, rise against God himselfe, whose Church it is; zBecause thou ragest against mee (saith God to Senacherib) therefore I will put my ring in thy nose, and my bit in thy iawes, and bring thee backe the same way thou camest.aKeepe me (saith Da∣uid) as the apple of thine eye: hide me vnder the sha∣dow of thy wings. They that deale with them, deale with those that are as deare vnto God, as the very apple of his eye, that that the eye-sight consisteth in; And therefore saith God,bI will be as a wall of fire about Ierusalem (hee saith c not, saith Theodoret, a wall of stone, or of brasse, but of fire, that it may both fray afar off, and keepe off too at hand; that may not onely protect them, but destroy those that assault them) because dhe that medleth with you, medleth with me, euen withethe apple of mine eye.

2. fLex talionis verè lex aequissima.* The Law of Page  6〈1 page duplicate〉Page  7〈1 page duplicate〉Page  8 retaliation, or like-recompence, is most equall. gIt is not euill, that they suffer euill, that haue done euill to others.hThere shall be iudgement (saith S. Iames) without mercy to those that would shew no mercy.i It is no cruelty to vse them cruelly, that haue shewed cruelty to others. For khe excludeth himselfe from mercy (saith Chrysologus) that denieth it to another.l But they stand guilty of destruction that haue ma purpose to destroy. For n the bare will alone goeth with God for the work, and the very endeuour, desire, yea or othought, for the deed.pBalak rose, and fought with Israel, saith Iosua. And yet the story saith no∣thing so. But qthat is said to be done, that is either intended, or attempted, saith Ribera. He did it not, only because he durst not: and the woman (saith the Heathen man) r that doth not euill, because shee dare not, when she would do it, if she durst, though she doe it not, yet she doth it.sHe that looketh but on a woman to lust after her (saith our Sauiour) thath already in his heart committed adultery with her. And, uHe that hateth but his brother, (saith S. Iohn) xhath already murthered him in his heart.yA strange mat∣ter (saith S. Augustine) the man is aliue still, and yet thou art a murtherer: the woman is honest, and yet art Page  9 thou an adulterer.z The minding then of destructi∣on, maketh a destroyer. a He is guilty of it that doth but intend, or attempt to destroy: and de∣serueth himselfe to be destroyed. bIf a witnesse (saith God) shall rise against a man to take his life away from him, you shall euen doe vnto him (not, as he did, but) as he would haue done vnto his neighbour.

The second point of Instruction:

Creaturae Deo dilectis militant.

Gods creatures fight for those that are Gods; for those that loue him, and whom he loueth;* against the enemies of his Church.c The Frogs, Flies, Lice, Locusts, &c. fought for Gods seruants against Pharao, and his people.d The Starres from heauen fought in their courses against Sisera: and the riuer Kishon swept his armies away, as the Red Sea had done Pharao's be∣fore. e The Sunne stood still to assist Ioshua in the pursuit of the Canaanites: and f the haile-stones slew more of them than the sling or the sword did. g And as here with the East-wind doest thou dash to peeces the Ships of the Mediterranean Sea;* So h the winds fought for Theodosius in that famous battell against Maximus, carrying the darts, and arrowes of his companies full into the faces of their enemies, and returning backe those of their enemies vpon their owne bodies: That which euen i an Heathen Poet admiring, brake out into that speech; kO how highly art thou beloued of God, whom the heauens fight Page  10 for; and the Winds as thy confederates come in to assist thee! To thine aid came the boisterous North-wind downe from the Hills, and bare downe before thee the troopes that came against thee, with whirling blasts re∣pelling their speares, and retorting their arrowes, and darts vpon their owners.

The Reason hereof.

*1. The Saints are in league, and confederacie with God.lGather me my Saints (saith he) that haue made a league with me. Now as Princes that are in league of amity together, may haue the m free vse of either others forces at need: nMy horses (saith Iehosaphat to Ahab) are as thy horses; and my people as thy people: thou mayest vse them as thine owne. So the godly being in league with God, may haue all his forces, and armies for their helpe, and assi∣stance, whensoeuer need shall be. And what are all the Creatures but Gods hoasts? He is othe Lord of Hoasts: and (as p the Rabbines well obserue) hee hath two generall troopes, as his horse, and foot,qthe vpper troope, and rthe lower troope, or sthe creatures aboue, and the creatures beneath, all ready prest to be employed, in warres, either defensiue, or offensiue, for the safegard of his fauourites, or the destruction of their opposites. Euen t the Angels themselues (saith the Psalmist) pitch their tents about those that feare God, &c. uthey lye in garrison, about the godly, to defend and deliuer them; they lie in campe against their enemies to offend, and to destroy them.

*2. What are the Creatures, but Gods Sergeants at Armes to arrest, and attach Rebels?xAll the crea∣tures (saith the Psalmist) are at his seruice.yThe Page  11 winds are his messengers, and the fire and flame his ministers. And zthe haile, and snow his officers, and the executioners of his word: they serue him all, and they do his will, though a they know not what they doe. But they rebell against God himselfe (as we haue heard b before) that are vp in armes a∣gainst any of those that be his:* whom he hath vn∣dertaken the protection of; and concerning whom he hath giuen so expresse a charge by the Psalmist,cTouch not mine Anointed; that is, any one of mine holy ones. The place is commonly misvnderstood; not spoken of Kings directly (though d concerning them also, as being in a more speciall maner eGods Anointed;) but to Kings (fHe rebuked euen Kings for their sakes) in the behalfe of his Saints, by him g spiritually anointed to be hKings, and Priests to him. These being in such maner his, the Creatures are all as his Purseuants, and his Sergeants at Armes to apprehend, and attach them all that make head against them, and i against himselfe in them; and either to bring them in, or to make his charge good vpon them, by destroying them, as he did kSenacheribs hoast, in the place.

The third Point of Instruction.

Est ciuitas Dei, Deus quam protegit.

It is the Citie of God, thatlGod thus protecteth.*mIn the Citie of the Lord of Hoasts; (saith my Text) in the Citie of our God. And before, nGreat is the Lord, and greatly to be praised in the Citie of our God:oIn her Palaces it is that God is knowne for a sure re∣treat. It is pIerusalem, that God is a wall of fire a∣bout. And vpon them it was that qfire fell downe, Page  12 and deuoured them, that beset the beloued Citie.

The Reason hereof.

*1. It is the place of Gods residence, where hee especially resideth, rThis is my rest for euer (saith he) Here will I dwell, for I take delight in it. And Princes, though they haue a generall care of their whole kingdome, yet s a more speciall care of the places of their principall abode.

*2. It is Gods inheritance.tThey are thy people and thine inheritance, saith Moses. And we know how loth men are (witnesse uNaboth the Iisrelite) to lose, or to depart with their inheritance, or any part of it.

*3. It is Gods Vineyard.xSurely the Vineyard of the Lord of Hoasts is the house of Israel; and the men of Iuda his pleasant plantation. And his Vineyard hee saith yhe will keepe, and watch continually night and day, without any moment of intermission, that no enemie assaile it, that none breake into it, to make spoile and hauocke of it.

*4. It is Gods Garden.zMy Sister, my Spouse, is as a Garden inclosed. And we know how carefull men are of any place to fence and pale in their Gardens, whatsoeuer place else, field, or Orchard, they suffer to lie open. Nor let vs thinke that God hath any whit lesse care of his, which hee delighteth so much in.

*But how commeth it to passe then (may some say) that the Psalmist complaineth in that man∣ner? O Lord the Heathen are come into thine in∣heritance, they haue made Ierusalem an heape of stones, &c.

Page  13I answer.* 1. aBeth-el sometime becommeth bBeth-auen.c The faithfull Citie sometime turneth Harlot. And it is iust with God then d to cast her off;eShee kept not couenants with me, and I cast her off, saith the Lord.

2. Gods children sometime grow fwanton, and prouoke God to wrath.* In which case God vseth the wicked as grods, and scourges to correct them with. hAshur (saith God by the Prophet Esay) is but the rod of my wrath.iEuen they also (saith Gregory) worke for him, yea, and for them (though k they are not aware of it) that in such case fight both against him and them.

3. Euen in the deepest of their distresses God ceaseth not to regard them:*lHee neglecteth them not, when hee seemeth most of all to neglect them. Though mSion complaine that God had forgotten her: yet God assureth her that nhe could no more for∣get her, than any Mother could her childe.oHe carried her picture about him engrauen on the palmes of his hands, and her wals were euer in his eyes. And, pAl∣beit (saith God) I haue cast them far off among the Hea∣then, and haue scattered them into many countries, yet will I be as a littleqSanctuary vnto them in all places, wheresoeuer they shall become.

And so passe we to the fourth, and last point of Instruction.

Ecclesia Dei, nunquam dimouebitur.

Gods Church maugre the rmalice of all her sma∣ny, and tmighty aduersaries,* shall neuer be vtterly rooted out, or destroyed. uThey that trust in the Lord shall be as mount Sion, that standeth fast, and can Page  14 neuer be remoued.xVpon this Rocke (saith our Saui∣our) will I build my Church, and the gates of Hell shall neuer preuaile against it. The yCandlesticke may be remoued from place to place; but z the light it selfe can neuer be put out. The aWoman may be hunted, and chased into b the Wildernesse; but neuer dri∣uen vtterly out of the World. In the very Wilder∣nesse will cGod prouide a place for her, where she shall be safe; and finde succour, till it please him to bring her abroad againe.

*The Reason hereof.

1. dGod establisheth it, (saith my Text) and there∣fore standeth it fast for euer.eGod is in the middest of it: and therefore shall it not stir. Yea f he is not in the middest of it only, but round about it too.gAs the Hilles stand about Ierusalem, so standeth God about his people from henceforth and for euermore. He is a∣bout it to protect it; in the midst of it to support it. Hee that vpholdeth the Heauens, vpholdeth it: for this is indeed his hHeauen vpon earth. And as soone may men, or deuils pull downe Heauen it∣selfe, as destroy it.

2. iChrist himselfe hath built it, and he hath foun∣ded it vpon himselfe.* For k hee is the l only true Rocke, the mRocke of eternity; the only osure foun∣dation, that his whole Church is built vpon. And what he buildeth can by no created power be pul∣led downe againe;n the house that is built vpon that Rocke cannot be ouerthrowne. pThough the winds rose, and the raine fell, and the flouds came, and beat all together vpon that house, yet the frame fell not, because it was founded vpon that Rocke. It is Christs Master∣peece; Page  15 that that he would shew his Deity, his diuine Power in. Would you haue me (saith Chrysostome speaking to the Iewes) proue vnto you, that Christ Iesus is God? what needs it? q You your selues wan∣der vp and downe, the whole world ouer, preaching, and publishing his Deity to all those that consider in what sort you continue, and yet continue too, euer since that impious act of yours, in the crucifying of him. You goe branded with deepe and conspicuous markes of his wrath, and vengeance wheresoeuer you abide. But would you yet see some other pregnant proofe of his Deity? Let this one serue for all. rWhat he razeth, none can reare againe; what he reareth, none can raze againe. He pulled downe your Temple, and it could neuer be built againe. He hath built him a Church, and it could neuer be pulled downe againe. It is a me∣morable story, and the more remarkable, because recorded (besides diuers others of s our owne,) by t an Heathen man also, one no friend to Christians, a traducer of Constantine, and an admirer of Iulian. Iulian, that wretched Apostata, to spite the Christi∣ans, whom he had professed himselfe formerly to be one of, but now hated most extremely, u called the Iewes to him, and asked them, why they did not now sacrifice as in times past they had wont to doe. They made him answer, that by their xLaw they might not sacrifice any where but in the Tem∣plePage  16 at Ierusalem: which since therefore it was rui∣ned, they had ceased to sacrifice, and must so doe till it were reedified. Hereupon Iulian told them that they should haue their Temple eft-soones built againe, if they would; and to that purpose y hee sent one Alypius into those parts furnished with much treasure for the dispeeding of the worke, and withall caused the Gouernour of that Prouince to as∣sist him all that might be therein. Nor were the Iewes therein backward, z who flocking together out of all quarters, raised a great masse of money, and prouided abundance of materialls, for the set∣ting forward of so much, and so long desired a worke. But a no might, or industry of man is able to preuaile against God, or to effect that, that he will not haue done. When all things were prepared now, and they began to fall to their businesse; First there arose b strange stormes, & whirle-winds, that dissipated, and spoiled their materials. And after that, when yet they attempted to doe something, c fearefull balls of fire, not falling downe from hea∣uen, but bursting out of the very ground beneath, and that so oft as they assayed to go on with their work, ripped vp what they had wrought, and burnt vp the work-men, in so much that none durst any more approch the place, and so the very delements (saith that Heathen man) obstinately making headPage  17 against them, they were at length enforced wholly to giue ouer their enterprize. Thus was no power of man able to raise what he had ruined; nor shall any power euer be able to ruine what he hath rai∣sed. In stead of the Temple that he ruined hath he erected his Church; which vnlesse the Rocke may be remoued that it is built vpon, shall no power of man, or deuill be able euer to ouerthrow. Though all the wicked in the world, and all the Deuils in hell to them, conspire together in one, yet as soone shal they be able to driue Christ himselfe out of heauen, as to destroy vtterly and root out his Church here vpon earth.

Thus you see then these foure Points of Instru∣ction plainly, and euidently proued vnto you.*

  • 1. That they seeke their owne ruine, that seeke the ruine of Gods children.*
  • 2. That Gods Creatures are ready prest to assist those that be his.*
  • 3. That it is the Citie of God,*that God thus prote∣cteth.
  • 4. That this Citie,*or Church of God shall neuer be vtterly ouerthrowne.

Let vs now proceed to the Vses that of these Points may be made.*

And first this Text may be to the enemies of Gods Church,* as e those knuckles of a mans hand were to Baltasar, to write them their destiny; or as fDaniel was to him, to reade it vnto them; to informe them, what the end and issue shal be of all their plots and proiects against the Church of God. In plotting, and proiecting the ruine of it, they * plot and proiect Page  18 but their owne confusion: Nor shall their plots, and proiects take (as they hope) against it, but they shal take (which they, it may be, little deeme, or once dreame of) against themselues. gGod will shew himselfe to be God indeed by executing of Iudgement, in causing them to be hensnared, and caught in the worke of their owne hands,i in a snare of their owne setting, k in a net of their owne weauing: in cau∣sing lHaman to be hanged on that Gibbet himselfe, that for Mordecai he had erected, & bringing him, and m his whole House to destruction by those meanes, whereby n he sought the destruction of the whole Iewish Nation.*

In this kinde may we well say, oSicut audiuimus, sic & vidimus; What wee haue heard we haue seene; both in that deliuerance that through Gods good∣nesse this day we suruiue to celebrate, and in p di∣uers others also. They that came to sinke vs, were sunke themselues. They that thought to blow vs vp, were some of them blowen vp themselues. They that plotted the ruine, and confusion of our estate, brought ruine and confusion vpon them∣selues, and theirs. qSo let all thine enemies perish, O Lord. But let those that loue thee, and stand for thee, be as the Sunne when he shineth in his full strength.

*Secondly, it may serue as to discourage the Ad∣uersary, so to encourage the godly. As to discourage the wicked from attempting ought against Gods Church, (rThey intended euill against thee, saith the Psalmist; but they were not able to effect it) so to en∣courage those that sfight Gods battels; they cannot want helpe. Heauen and earth fighteth for them. Page  19 Though they may seeme the weaker side, and to haue fewer assistants, yet tGods power is perfected, and appeareth most in mans weaknesse: And if wee had eyes to see it, we might see umore with them than against them:x which way soeuer they turne themselues, they might see helpes alwayes at hand; yGod himselfe, and all the zcreatures of God, ready prest at Gods beckea to attend them,b to assist them, c to guard them, d to fight for them, e to oppose those that fight against them.

And here we may againe sing,*fSicut audiui∣mus, sic vidimus; What we haue heard we haue seene.g The winds, and the Seas fought for vs, when time was; the one dissipated and scattered, the other swallowed vp, and deuoured those, that came with hope to haue dissipated, and h with open mouth to haue swallowed, drowne, and deuoured vs. iBlessed be God, that gaue vs not vp as a prey vnto their teeth.

Thirdly, is it the Citie of God,*that God thus pro∣tecteth? Then learne we the reason hence why God hath in this manner done for vs. It is for his Church among vs, his Name called vpon, his Gospell pro∣fessed by vs, his worship retained with vs. And cer∣tainly (obserue we, and we shall vndoubtedly find it to be so that) since Gods truth and Gospell esta∣blished with vs, and that Romish Idolatrie expelled from among vs, this Iland of ours hath enioyed the quietest, the peaceablest, the most prosperous times, that euer it did, for so long time together, at any time, that any memory of man, or record of story can be produced of, notwithstanding all the power that Page  20 that kMan of sinne, and all his adherents were able to raise vp against vs. And as many strange deliue∣rances hath God vouchsafed vs, as euer any Nation vnder the cope of heauen had. Oh that our thankful∣nesse to God were in any good measure proportio∣nable to Gods goodnesse towards vs. But it is to be feared, that that of Saluian is too too true of vs; lGod giueth vs good things, to make vs good: but wee when we haue receiued good from God, returne euill againe to him. And that of Hosea,mAs they were increased, so they sinned against me: and I will turne their glory therefore into shame. Which if it be so; let vs remem∣ber, that as the same Saluian saith, nTherefore are we worse than others, whom God hath not done the like for, though we be no worse, if but as bad only, because we ought to be better. So, as the Centurists ob∣serue, ogreat blessings, seconded with grieuous sinnes, will at length draw downe extraordinary iudgements. And it had beene better for vs neuer to haue had such deliuerances, if we be not carefull to shew our selues truly thankfull vnto him, that hath wrought so great deliuerances for vs.

*Fourthly, it may teach Gods Children not to be dismaid, if the enemies of Gods Church seeme some∣time p to preuaile against it. For q they shall ne∣uer be able to root it out for all that. Gods Church is as r the bush, that burnt, and consumed not, as s the Palme-tree, that spreadeth, and springeth vp the more it is oppressed: as t the bottle, or bladder, that may Page  21 be dipped, but cannot be drowned: as u the Oke, that taketh heart to grace from the maimes and wounds giuen it, and sprouteth out thicker than be∣fore. xThe bloud of the Martyrs is the seed of the Church; it springeth againe as y the Phoenix doth out of her owne ashes, or as b the Hydra rather re∣paireth her selfe out of her own losses with a much more plentifull increase. c The more Pharao op∣pressed the Ebrewes, the more they increased, and the mightier they grew. The Children of God in the Word are compared especially to two sorts of silly creatures, to dDoues, and to Sheepe.e No fowle more preyed vpon by Eagles, Haukes, Vultures, and other birds of prey, than the poore Pigeon. And yet, f let those rauenous fowles (saith Optatus) con∣sume neuer so many of them, there will be a grea∣ter number of Doues still, than of any kind of them. There is more Doues than Haukes, or than Kites, for all that. Againe, for the Sheepe, it is one of the sil∣liest creatures that is, and most vnable to defend it selfe: neither is it vnknowne to vs (to spare to speak g how they are preyed vpon in those places where Page  22Wolues, and Beares, and Lions, & other wilde beasts are rife) how many of them are h slaine for mans vse; no one sort of creatures commeth so frequent to the Shambles as they; they come not by one, or two, but they are driuen by troopes thither; as also how many of them die by diseases; they are subiect to i rots, and murreons, that k make hauocke of them by whole sale; nor are they naturally so fruit∣full as many other beasts are, and those of prey by name, some of them, as the Fox and others, that bring diuers at a litter, whereas l the Ewe hath vsu∣ally but one. And yet for all this wee see what m plenty there is euery where of them. We may see *Sheepe eat out men in many places among vs; and whole Townes by them depopulated and tur∣ned into Sheepe-walkes. Such a prouidence of God is there in the preseruation, and increase of that Crea∣ture that so n oft he compareth his Church and Children vnto, whom he hath taken into his speci∣all and peculiar protection; and whom therefore their cruell Aduersaries shall no more be able to root out, than the Haukes able to destroy all the Doues that are, or the Wolues to woory, and slay all the Sheepe in the World.

*Yea but (may some say) may we in this Land then be sure euer of such safetie,* neuer to be ouer∣runne, or rooted out?

No: It is Gods Church in generall, not this or that Church in part••ular,* that is sure thus constantly to continue.* Now Gods Church is not confined to this, Page  23 or that place; nor is Gods protection tied vnto, or en∣tailed vpon this, or that people. We haue o no pro∣mise of protection longer than wee continue Gods portion. Wee haue p no better euidence, nor assu∣rance than the Iewes had: qHere (saith God) shall be my rest for euer. And, rGod will establish it for euer. And, sI will destroy all that rise against it. And yet wee know t what is become of them at this day, uTheir habitation is left desolate. And xThe wrath of God (saith the Apostle) is come vpon them to the vt∣most. It is true indeed, that aGod neuer leaueth any, but those that leaue him. But if bSalomon leaue God, and build Temples for Milcom, and Chamosh; God will leaue him, and raise vp aduersaries on al sides against him. If cEzekiaes heart be lift vp;dGod will pull him downe againe. If ethe holy Citie become an Harlot, or afStewes (as he speaketh) no reason but that God should gabandon it, and giue her ha Bill of diuorce, and i deale with Aholah, and Aholibah, as adulterous women are wont to be dealt with. If Gods Vine grow not k barren only, but beare lbitter,mnoysome, and npoysonfull grapes; it shall be a iust thing with God to oplucke vp her hedge, and play her waste,qas a wilde wildernesse, or rto cut her downe, and scast her into the fire. If tIsrael begin to looke backe into Aegypt; it shall be iust with Godu to bring backe his Israel that was, into their former Aegyptian bondage againe. If the Hebrewes liue in those abominable coursesx for which God cast out the Page  24 Canaanites,y the Land that spewed out the Canaanite, shall now spew them out. If zGods owne people grow worse than the Heathen themselues; it shall be iust with God, to abring the very worst of the Hea∣then in vpon them, and by them, whom they biusti∣fie in some sort, c to destroy them. Nor may d we looke to fare better than they did, if we be faultie as they were. Gods Church may stand firme and sta∣ble still, though wee fall. The Lampe may burne cleare else-where, though the Light be done out with vs. If we desire therefore to haue this Protecti∣on continued vnto vs, let vs continue to be eGods, that fGod may continue to bee ours. Let vs bee carefull to keepe and maintaine a Church of God with vs, gThe holy seed vpholdeth the state. In a word, as Samuel to his people (whose words I will end all with) hFeare the Lord, and serue him with all your heart in sinceritie; and consider what great things he hath hitherto done for you.

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