The fift Chapter.
IT is proued out of the auncient fathers, that S. Peter is this *
rocke, whereupon the church was promised to be builded, o∣therwise then M. Iewell affirmeth.
THat Peter was a rocke or stone, vpon which the * church was builded, is graunted of vs, but that he a∣lone was a rock for the whole church to be builded vpō, we deny, and M. Iewell rightly affirmeth, that the olde Catholike fathers haue written and pronounced not a∣ny mortall man as Peter was, but Christ him selfe the sonne of God, to be this rocke, whereon yt whole church is builded. But M. Sander will proue (if he can) out of the old writers, that not onely Christ is the chiefe rocke, but Peter also is an other rocke, so that the church by his doctrine, is builded vpon two rockes, and this he will shew, 1. by their words, 2. their reasons, 3. & by the same places which M. Iewell alleageth for the cōtrary opiniō.
The decretal epistles of Anacletus, Pius, Fabianus, &c. which in his owne conscience he knoweth to be forged,
he omitteth, and beginneth with Tertullian De praescrip. aduers. haeres. Latuit aliquid Petrum aedisicādae ecclesiae Pe∣tram dictum? Was any thing hid from Peter which was called a rocke of the church which was to be builded? This is graunted that he was a rocke or stone, whereon the churche is builded, and the same Tertullian in his booke de pudicitia sayth, of this whole text, that this was conferred to Peter Personally, and perteineth to none other, but such as he was, namely an Apostle or Pro∣phet.
Secundum enim Petri personam spiritualibus potestas ista conueniet, aut Apostolo aut Prophetae. For according to the person of Peter, this power shall belong to spiritual men either to an Apostle or to a Prophet.
Where is then the succession of the B. of Bome?
But Hippolytus saith: Princeps Petrus, fideipetra. Peter is chiefe, a rocke of faith. He meaneth a strong preacher of faith not a rocke whereon faith is builded.
Origenes in Exod. Ho. 5. calleth S. Peter Magnum illud &c. That great foundation and most sound rocke, whereupon Christ hath builded his church.
But let Origenes expound him selfe in Math. cap.
16. Si autem super vnum illum Pe∣trum arbitraris vniuersam ecclesiam aedisicari à deo, quid di∣cis de Iacobo & Ioanne filus tonitrui, velde singulis Aposto∣lis? Verè ergo ad Petrum quidem dictum est. Tues Petrus & super hanepetram edifi•abo ecclesiam meam, & pertae in∣ferorum non praeualeb•nt ei: tamen omnibus Apostolis & omnibus quibus q, perfectis fidelibus dictum videtur, quoniam omnes sunt Petrus & petrae, & in omnibus aedificata est ec∣clesia Christi, & aduersus nullum ecrum qui tales sunt, portae preualent inferorum.
But if thou thinke the whole church is builded by God vpon that one man Peter, what sayst thou of Iames and Iohn, the sonnes of thunder, or of euerie one of the Apostles? Therefore it was in deede truly sayd vnto Peter. Thou art Peter & vpon this rocke I will builde my church, and the gates of hell shall not preuaile agaynst it, yet it seemeth that it was spoken al∣so to all the Apostles, and to all the perfect faithfull be∣cause
they are all Peter and stones, and on them all, the church of Christ is builded, and agaynst none of them which are suche, the gates of hell shall preuayle. By this you see howe Origen is none of his, howe so euer he abuse his name.
Next he citeth Cyprian lib. 1. Ep. 3. & lib. 4. Ep. 9 which sayeth that the church was builded vpon Peter. Which we confesse as vpon one of the foundation stones, but the same Cyprian De simplicitate praelatorum sayth.
Hoc e∣rant vtique & caeters Apostoli quod fuit Petrus, pari consor∣tio praediti & honoris & potestatis, sed exordium ab vnitate proficiscinur, vt ecclesia vna monstretur. The rest of the A∣postles were euen the same thing that Peter was, endu∣ed with equall fellowship both of honor and auctoritie, but the beginning procedeth from one, that the church might be shewed to be one. This speaketh Cyprian vpon the very text now in discussing.
Consequently he citeth Hilarie lib 6. de trinit. Petrus &c. Peter lieth vnder the building of the church and in ca. Math. 16. O in nuncupatione &c. O happy foundation of the church in hauing the new name pronounced, and ô rocke wor∣thie of the building of that church, which should dissolue the lawes of hell.
But the same Hilarie sayeth of Christ, de trinit. lib. 2. Vna haec est foelix fidei petra, Petri ore confessa, tu es filius Dei viui. This is that onely happie rocke of fayth, confessed by the mouth of Peter, thou art the sonne of the liuing God. And agayne, lib. 6. Super hanc igitur confessionis petram ecclesiae aedificatio est. Vpon this rocke of confession is the building of the church. And againe. Haec fides ecelesiae fundamentum est, per hanc fidem infirmae aduersus eam sunt portae inferorum. Haec fides regni caelestis habet claues &c. This fayth is the foundation of the churche, by this fayth the gates of hell are of no force agaynst it. This fayth hath the keyes of the kingdome of heauen &c. Therefore not the per∣son of Peter is the rocke, for all the church to be built vpon.
S. Ambrose hath the next place, whome he citeth
Page 212Scr. 66. Si ergo &c. If Peter then be a rocke vpon which the church is builded, he doth well to heale first the feete, that e∣uen as he doth conteyne the foundation of faith in the church, so in the man he may confirme the foundation of his mem∣bers.
Of the auctoritie of this Sermon I will not dispute, it shall suf•ice that Ambrose in Ps. 38. sayth. Quod Petro di∣citur, Apost•lis di•itur, non p•testatem vsurpamus, sed serui∣••s •mperio. That which is sayd to Peter, is said to the A∣postles, we vsurpe not power, but we serue vnder com∣maund•ment.
By this saying of Ambrose, Peter is so a rocke and foundation, as the other Apostles are, & not a rocke to beare all the building him selfe.
S. Basil is alleaged in Conc•de paenit. Petrus petra est &c. Peter is a rocke through Christ the rocke. For Iesus geueth his owne dignities, he is a rocke and maketh a rocke. This pro∣ueth not Peter to be the onely rocke of the militant church, as M. Sander would make him.
After him he citeth Hierom in 16. Math. AEdificabo ecclesiam mean super te, I wil build my church vpon thee. Behold sayth M. Sander the church promised to be built vpon a mortall man. If he say true, Christ sayth in vaine that flesh and blood made him not Peter.
But the same Hieronyme interpreteth that power there geuen, to Pe∣ter, to perteyne to euerie Bishop and Priest, as much as to Peter. And contra Ioninian lib. 1. he writeth. At dicis su∣per Petrum fundatur ecclesia, licet id ipsum in alio loco super omnes Apostol•s fiat, & cuncti •laues regni cael•rum acci∣piant, & ex aequo super eos ecclesiae fortitudo s•lidetur: ta∣men propterea inter du•decim vnus eligitur vt capite cōstitu∣to seisinatis tollatur occasio: But thou sayest the church is founded vpon Peter, although in an other place the same is done vpon al •••• Apostles, & they al receaued the keyes of the kingdom of heauen, & the strength of the church is grounded equally vpon thē, yet for this cause, one is chosen among the twelue, that the heade being appoynted, occasion of diuision might be taken away.
You see now that Peter is no more a rock or fundation,
then the rest, neither hath any more auctoritie of the keyes then the rest, al•
hough by his iudgement, he was chosen to be the chiefe or first in order to auoyde strife, not in dignitie or auctority. Chrysostom is cited ex Var. in Math. Hom
27. Princeps &c. Peter Prince of the A∣postles, vpon whome Christ sounded the church, a verie im∣moueable rocke and a strong confession.
M. Sander woulde haue vs note, that Peter is called confession, that when he sayth the church is builded vpon faith & con∣fession, we might vnderstand no mans saith and confes∣sion, but Peters. As though all the Apostles had not the same faith & made not the same cōfession. But notwith∣stāding that Chrysostom doth oftē acknowledge Peter to be the Prince of the Apostles, yet he willeth vs, to cō∣sider that his principallity was not of auctority but of or∣der.
Iam & ill•d considera, quàm & Petrus agit omma ex∣communi dis•ipulorum sententi•, nihil auctoritate sua, nihil cum imperio. Now also cōsider this, how euen Peter doth all things by the cōmon decree of the disciples, nothing by his owne auctority, nothing by commaundement. Ex. Act. Ho. 3. Also in 2. ad Gal. he doth not only asfirme that Paule was equall in honor with Peter, but also that all the rest were of equall dignitie.
Iamque se caeteris honore parem ostendit, nec se reliquis illis, sed ipsi summo comparat, declarans quod herum vnusquis q, parem sortitus sit dignitatē. And now Paule sheweth him selfe equall in honor with the rest, neither doth he cōpare him selfe with the rest, but euen with the highest himselfe, declaring that euery one of thē hath obteined equal dignity. Now followeth, Epiphanius in Anchor. Ipse dominus &c.
The Lord himselfe did constitute him chiefe of the Apostles, a sure rocke vpon which the church of God is built, and the gates of hell shall not preuayle aga•nst it: now the gates of hell are heresies and auctors of heresies, for by all meanes faith in him was establi∣shed which receaued the keye of heauen.
That Peter was chiefe of ye
Apostles in order, we striue not, that he was a sure rocke we graunt, but that he alone was the rocke of the church we deny.
The same Epiphanius acknowled∣geth
the Bishop of Rome to be fellow minister with e∣uery Bishop, and no better, and therefore setting forth the epistle of Marcellus to Iulius Bishop of Rome, he gi∣ueth this superscriptiō. Beatissimo cōministro Iulio, Marcel∣lus in Domino gaudium.
To his most blessed fellow mini∣ster Iulius, Marcellus wisheth ioy in the Lord.
The place of Cyrillus which followeth, I haue sette downe, and aunswered iu the chapter before.
After him Theodoretus alleageth Psellus. In Petro &c. In Peter the prince of the Apostles, our Lord in the Go∣spells hath promised that he will build his Church. Damas∣c•n and Euthymius later writers are alledged to the like effect, all which proue nothing but that Peter is a rocke, which we confesse as euery one of the Apostles is.
Thē followeth Augustine in his retractations, which leaueth it to the choyce of the reader, whether he will vnderstand Peter figuring the person of the Church, to be the rocke spoken of by Christ, or Christ whō he cō∣fessed. But that Peter as Bishop of Rome, should be the rocke he sayth nothing. Againe leauing it to the readers choyse, he sheweth he had no such perswasion of the rocke of the Church, as M. Sander teacheth.
After him Prosper Aquitanicus, & Leo with Gregory two Bishops of Rome, say nothing but that Peter was a rocke, which we graunt without controuersie.
Last of all the councell of Chalcedon is cited. Act. 3.
Petrus Apostolus est petra & crepido Ecclesiae. Peter the Apostle is a rocke and a shoare of the Churche, which M. Sander translateth the toppe of the Church. In deede the legats of the Bishop of Rome vttered such words, which may be well vnderstoode as all the rest of the fathers, that Peter was one of the twelue foundati∣ons of the Churche. But that the councell acknowled∣ged not the Bishop of Rome to haue such authoritie as is pretended, appeareth by the 16. action of the Chalce∣don councell, where notwithstanding the B. of Romes Legats reclaymed, & Leo him selfe refused to consent,
yet by the whole councell it was determined that the Archbishop of Constantinople should haue equall au∣thoritie with the Archbishop of Rome in the East, onely the title of prioritie or senioritie reserued to the Bishop of Rome.
To conclude, M, Iewell sayd truly, for all M. Sanders vaine & childishinsulting & impudent rayling, yt no mor tall mā, but Christ only is the rocke & foundation of the Church, albeit that Peter & all the Apostles in respect of their office, & doctrine, were foūdation stones wher∣on the Church was builded, Iesus Christ being the cor∣ner stone and onely one generall foundation.