The fourth Chapter.
FIrst it is to be remembred, that M. Sāder in the chap∣ter before, reiecting the interpretatiō of three of the * greatest Doctors of the church, Origen, Augustine, and Chrysostom, not only is bound in equity, to geue vs the same liberty which he taketh him selfe, but also to con∣fesse, that these three principal doctors, following other senses, then his, were ignoraunt of that which he & all other Papists, make to be the chiefe article of Christian faith, namely of the supremacie of Peter, when they ac∣knowledged not Peter to be the rocke wherupon Christ would build his church, and therfore would neuer haue subscribed to his booke, which he instituteth the rock of the church. But nowe to the argument of this chapter. Chrysostomis cited to proue, that, where Christ sayth to Peter, thou art Simon the sonne of Iona, thou shalt be called Cepha, which is by intepretation Peter, a newe name is promised to Simon, in Ioan. Hom. 18. HonorificePage 205&c. Christ doth forespeake honorably of him. For the certeine foretelling of things to come, is the worke only of the immortal God. It is to be noted, that Christ did not foretell at this first meeting all thinges which shoulde come to passe afterwarde to him. For he did not call him Peter, neither did he say, vpon this rocke will I builde my church. But he sayd, thou shalt be called Cephas. For that was both of more power, and also of more auctoritie. There is nothing in this sentence, but that we may willingly admit, Peter was not yet instru∣cted that he might be one of the twelue foundations of the church, as he was afterward. And that Chrysostom iudged no singular thing to be graunted, by that saying of Christ Mat. 16. to Peter, appeareth, by his wordes in Euang. Ioann. Praef. Where he applieth the same to Ihon.
But he reasoneth substantially, when he saith thou on∣ly art the rocke, because thou alone hadst this name &c. pro∣mised, thou alone hadst it geuen, thou alone didst con∣fesse me & to thee alone I say thou art Peter. As though a man may not haue a name, whose signification is com∣mon to many. Salomon alone was promised to be cal∣led and was called Iedidiah, that is the beloued of God, shall we therefore reason that Salomon onely was belo∣ued of God, as for that he onely confessed, I haue she∣wed before, that it is false, for Christ saying, thou art Pe∣ter, meaneth not to say thou onely art a rocke, but thou well aunswerest thy name, which signifieth a rocke or stone, and I wil in deede vse thee as a rocke or stone, to builde my church vpon, yet not meaning the person, but the office and doctrine of his Apostleship.
But nowe hath M. Sander no lesse then 21. reasons, to proue that Peter is the rocke, here spoken of, wc althogh they may for the most parte be easily auoided, yet I will graunt that Peter is one of the twelue stones, whereu∣pon the church is builded, but not the only stone.
Therfore his first foure arguments, I deny 1. Simon is alone promised to be called Peter, 2. he alone is called Peter, 3. Christ speaketh to him alone, saying. And I say to thee &c. 4. Christ sayth of him alone, thou art Peter, therefore Simon alone is the rocke of the church, let him proue the cōsequence if he can. The next 5. which proue that these wordes are to be referred to Peter, al∣though that they be not verie strong, yet I graunt the wordes may be aptly referred to Peter, the reasons are 1. vpon the pronoune. The 2 the worde rocke of which Peter is named, 3. the conference of thē together, 4. the word I will build, 5. the word my church.
Page 208 The 10, Argument I denye, that Christ. (by saying to Peter, Feede my Lambes, feede my sheepe) made him the heade stone of Gods militant Church nexte vnto Christe.
The eleuenth, that Peter is shewed to be the Rocke spoken of, by geuing of the Keyes, I confesse: ebut see∣ing the keyes are giuen to all the Apostles, this proueth Peter to be none otherwise a Rocke, then euery one of them, That Iohn receued the Keyes I shewed euen now out of Chysostome.
The twelfth, that the propertie of a Rock in constant withstanding of tempests, agreeth with Peter, I graunt and so it doth to the rest of the Apostles, for whome Christ prayed as he did for Peter, who also strengthe∣ned and confirmed their brethren as Peter did.
The 13. I confesse that hell gates shall not preuayle against the Church, nor against any member thereof, which is a small reason to make Peter supreame heade thereof.
The 14. which is the authorities of those doctors that teach Peter to be the rocke whom he nameth when he citeth their sayings, or quoteth their places, I will seue∣rally consider.
The 15. their reason also when I see them, to deriue Peters authoritie to his successors, I will waighe like∣wise.
The 16. the practise of 1500. yeares I deny.
The 17. I deny that all generall councells, or any ge∣nerall councell for 600. yeares after Christ, acknowled∣ged Peter to be the rocke in that sence, the Papistes do now.
The 18. if the confession of Peter be the rocke, yet it is none inconuenience, that the church shoulde be builded theron, which began to be builded on the same confession offered by Iohn Baptist.
The 19. though you confound the diuerse senses ge∣uen by the fathers in your fourth sense, yet that proueth not your sense to be true.
Page 209 The 20. seeing the Apostles are certeyne foundatiōs and rockes vpon which the church is builded, I confesse that Peter must needes be one, but that he was the most principall rocke in respect of his name Peter, which is a stone, I say it followeth no more then that Salomon was best of al men beloued of God, because of that name Ie∣didiah, which signifieth beloued of God.
The 21. that all the Protestantes doe not agree in the interpretation of these wordes (vpon this rocke I will builde my church) it proueth not your exposition, to be true, for neither do all the old Doctors, nor yet the new Papistes agree in one, & the same interpretation of this text. And oftentimes it may inuincibly be proued, that an heresie hath no grounde out of suche a text of Scrip∣ture, although the true and naturall sense thereof can not be found at all.