A retentiue, to stay good Christians, in true faith and religion, against the motiues of Richard Bristow Also a discouerie of the daungerous rocke of the popish Church, commended by Nicholas Sander D. of Diuinitie. Done by VVilliam Fulke Doctor of diuinitie, and Maister of Pembroke hall in Cambridge.
Fulke, William, 1538-1589.
Name of Catholikes. The verie name of Catholikes a cer∣taine marke of right Catholikes. Iewel vnwars testifieth the Ro∣mane * religion to be Catholik. Larence Hūfris Troian horse, his pseudocatholic. Luthers consciens the Catholike Church to be against him. Pontaus erred not whose historie Humfrey him∣selfe vnawars confirmeth. For Catholikes (saith he) were pre∣sent as lookers on and earnest defenders. What then but none such were moderators saue onely lay Lordes and vnlearned heretikes. ergo.

The first motiue is the 6. demaunde. In whiche he woulde proue the verie name of Catholikes, to whō * soeuer it is giuen, to be a certain marke of right Catho∣likes, Page  3 to be knowen as readely, easely, and certainely by that name, as such a citie is knowne by the name of London, and such a countrie by the name of England. If euer he learned any logike at Oxforde, he left it be∣hinde him, or else lost it by the way when hee ranne o∣uer the sea. For if all thinges may bee knowen by the name whereby they are cōmonly called, nothing bea∣reth a false name, all Idoles are true gods and saintes, al deade carcales be liuing men. Yea all heretikes which are commonly called Christians in respecte of Iewes & Turkes, be true Christians. But we must bring him a companie of men, commonly knowne by the name of Catholikes, which proued heretikes. Forsooth the Arrians among themselues were commonly called bv the name of Catholikes and so reputed and taken, when the true Catholikes were called homousians and heretikes, yea all heretikes among the Pagans were cō∣monly knowen by the name of Christians, whiche thinke is as glorious a name as the name of Catholikes. Yet Augustine (saith ee) maketh much of the name of Catholikes. Cont. ••. Fund. c. 4. Tnet me postremò, &c. Last of all the verie name of the Catholike Church doeth holde me, which not without cause, amongest so many heresies, this Church alone hath so obteined, that whereas all heretikes would haue themselues to be called Catholikes, yet to a straunger which asketh where men meete at the Catholike Church, none of the he∣retikes dare shewe either their minster or house. But let vs see howe Augustine and Bristow agree. Augustine maketh this name, the last motiue, Bristowe the first. Augustine ioyneth it with many thinges, Bristowe maketh it alone to be a sufficient motiue.

Augustine in the nexte sen∣tence after confesseth the playne demonstration of the trueth, wheresoeuer it may be shewed, to bee preferred before al those motiues of Vniuersalitie, miracles, con∣sente, succession and name of Catholikes, by which he saith that he might be helde in the Catholke Churche, although he grounded no argument vppon that wise∣dome, which the Maniches would not acknowledge to Page  4 be in the catholike church, his words are these: Apud vos autem vbi nihil horum est quod me inuitet ac teneat, sola perso∣nat veritatiae pollicitatio que quidens sutam manifesta monstra∣tur, vt in dubium venire non possit, praeponenda est omnibus illis rebus quibus in Catholica tenor. Among you Maniches (saith he) where there is none of these thinges whiche might allure and hold me, the onely promisle of trueth doth sounde, whith trueth if it be shewed so manifeste that it cānot come in doubt, it is to be preferred before al those things, by which I am helde in the Catholike Church.
This is Augustines iudgement of such simple motiues, which with the trueth, may helpe to confirme it, but are not worth a straw when they are alledged a∣gainst the truth. Wherfore seing we make so plaine de∣monstration of the trueth out of Gods word, that no mā can doubt of it, but such as will followe the bare name of Catholike, contrarie to the Catholike doctrine of the scriptures: against all such vaine motiues, wee may be bolde to oppose the trueth it selfe. What a mocke∣rie is this that hee saith? that aneretike in Germanie, being asked where the Catholike Church is, will point to •••• popish Church. Admit this to be so, doth this proue the Massing Church to bee the Catholike Church? In France if you aske a Papist which is ye reformed Church? he will point you to the place where the congregation of true Christians vse to assemble. Doth the Papist ther∣fore acknowledge, the Church of protestantes to bee in deede the reformed Churche? I hee doe not, the name of Catholikes proueth no more on the one syde, thē the name of reformed Christians on the other side, that either is such in deede as of the vulgare and igno∣rant people they are called. But why are Protestantes & all hereikes desirous to be called Catholikes? but that they which in deede haue the name, are also in deede euermore true Catho∣likes, and so the name alone sufficient to moue any man. Who euer heard such an asse baye? as though there were no difference, whether they haue the name rightfully or wrongfully, truely or falsely. In all the Easte Church, Page  5 who are called Catholikes, but the Grecians? Which for many hundreth yeares, haue bene separated from the Communion of the Latines, and of them are compted for heretikes and Schimatikes. But Augustine de vera rel. Cap. 7. writeth more plainly for the name of Catho∣like. Tenenda est nobis Christiana &c. Wee muste holde the Christian religion, and the companie of that Church, which is Catholike and called Catholike, not onely of her owne but also of her enemies. For will they nill they, the heretikes also and Schis∣matikes them selues, when they talke not with their own, but with strangers, they call the Catholike Church nothing but the Catho∣like Church. For they can not else bee vnderstanded, excepte they discerne her by that name, by which shee is called of the whole world. This therefore (quoth Bristow) is proued, they to be Catholikes that Catholikes are called When as Augustine saith, we must hold yt church which both is catholike, & is so called. Bristowe the Papist, is called by the name of a Cittie in England, theresore Bristowe the Papist is in deede a citie in England. This therefore is proued, that to bee Bristow that Bristow is called. But how pro∣ueth he, that they be called Catholikes? The worlde forsooth beareth them witnesse. For beside some igno∣rant fellowe in Germanie, that calleth them so, or ra∣ther not meaning to brable in the streat. yealdeth to that tearme, not because hee thinketh them to bee so, but because he knoweth the Papist which asketh for the Catholike Church, seeketh not the Catholike Church in deed, but the Popish Church falsely called Catholike: beside I say some tankarde bearer boye or gyrle, that hath mde such a unswere to Bristowe as he trauelled in Germanie, he asketh when in printed bookes they bee called Catholikes, whether the reader knoweth not who is meaned? Yes verily, if the bookes bee written by pa∣pistes o such as take neither part. But he would now further why we mke name thē, & call them Cacolikes or Cartholikes. I suppose whosoeuer mocketh them, it is because they falsely surpe that name, which they are not wothie to beare, and not because they bee such, Page  6 and the name euill: yet againe he asketh why Luther i Germanie did cause the Creede to be turned. I beleeue the Chri∣stian Church, and not, I beleeue the Catholike Church. Mine an∣swere is, I beleeue that Bristowe belyeth Luther, for any such change of the creede, although he might well expoūd the true Catholike Church by the name of the true Christian Church. But Iewel confirmeth the name of Catholike to be theirs, or els what meaneth he to enti∣tle his replie, Against the Romane religion which of late hath ben accompted Catholike. Alas poore Bristow, hast thou no bet∣ter reason to proue the Popish Church to be Catholike, but that Iewel saith it hath bene accompted Catholike, and proueth that it hath ben falsely accompted so? Yes sir, not he only, but also Pope Humfrey in his Legend of sains Iewel, confesseth vs to be Catholikes, where he saith that Ponta∣cus erred, when he wrot that onely lay men neither learned nor Catholikes, were moderators in the disputation at Westminster. Why Bristow, are you not ashamed to take the name of the lorde your god the Pope in vaine? And because Pontacus complaineth that catholikes were not mode∣rators, doth Humfrey therefore acknowledge papistes to be Catholikes? yea forsooth, he doth so, and also cō∣firmeth the storie of Pontacus, when he saith, Catholikes were present, but in the next worde he expoundeth what catholikes, namely papistes. And som of thē were also moderators, at the least wise one, namely D. Heath then occupying the place of the Bishop of Yorke, therefore not onely lay Lords, & vnlearned heretiks, as this lewd losel and vnlearned dogbolt & trayterous papist (I am bold with him, because he is so malepert with the lear∣ned & godly nobilitie of England) most slaunderously and maliciously affirmeth were only moderators of that disputation, but some of ye Popish faction were not on∣ly present but presidents of that action, beside all the rest of the popish prelates, which then were of the Par∣liament, for information whereof that conference was appointed. But Humfrey saith moreouer, that the chiefe cause of all euils, and as it were the Troian horse with∣in Page  7 the walles of the Church, hath beene hitherto a Ca∣tholike defection from the holy scripture, and especial∣ly your papistrie. Therefore (saith Bristow) hee ac∣knowledgeth vs to be Catholikes. In deed you be ca∣tholike (that is to say vniuersal reuolters frō ye holy scriptures) if that title please you, reioyce of it & spare not. You be Catholike heretiks, that is, heretikes not in one or two articles of religion, but in all in as much as you denie the office of Christe vpon which is grounded all Christiaitie. The name of Catholike of it selfe is in∣different to good and euil, euen as the name of vni∣uersall is: therefore in our Creede we say not simplie, I beleeue the Catholike Church, but the holy Catholike Church. And therefore D Humfrey in calling you pseu∣docatholici, false Catholikes, sheweth what Catholikes he meaneth you to be, not members of the holy Catho∣like Church of godly Christiss, but pillers of the false and counterfeit Church of malignant herenkes, And whereas you say, you haue hearde Humfrey in his fond and vnlearned lectures at Oxford call them pseudocatholii, home Faustus the Maniche did entwite for honouring the memorie of Martyrs, first you take vpon you like the sowe to entwite Minerua as it is in ye latine prouerb, which might better be borne withall, in a man of such learning and arte as you shew, if you did not also slander & belie him, as the diuell doth all the saintes of God. For although I neuer heard any of his lecturs: yet I dare affirme, he ne∣uer accompted Augustine and •••• godly Catholiks of his time for false Catholikes, although hee coulde not allowe of all that Augustine hath written and main∣teyned. Wherefore it is cleare hee calleth not Augu∣stine and the Catholikes of his time, but you Papistes of our time, false Catholikes: and shewed that to you did truly agree, that which Faustus did falsely charge ye true Catholikes with all, yt is, the turning of Idols into Martirs. For Faustus did slander, & not as you trāslateit, onely entwite the true Catholikes for worshipping the Martirs, as •••• pagans worshipped their Idols. Calumniat••∣nobisPage  8Faustus &c.
Faustus doth slander vs (saith Augu∣stine) Againe: Non tā me mouetut hic Calumniae respondeam &c. He doth not so much moue me that I should here answere his slander, as that I might shew, yt Faustus him selfe through desire of slandering, would swarue euen from the vanities of Maniche.
The laste authorite for the name of Catholike in the 6. demaund is the words of a seruing man belike, that sayd to one M. Culpe∣per which died at Paris, lying on his deth bed, In any case renounce the Catholike faith, which whether it were said so, or howsoeuer it were ment, I thinke the partie that so spake, had as much wisedome as Bristow sheweth wit, in alledging his saying for proofe of the name of Ca∣tholikes, to be rightly giuen to them. The fantasticall trance of yt same gentleman which saw his good angel gloriously appearing to him, & assuring him that hee was in the right way, which his gostly father could not do, although it were not forged, yet can make no pre∣iudice against the vndoubted word of God, which con∣demneth that way of papistrie, for the broad waye that leadeth to destruction. You haue heard what in∣uincible reasons Bristow imagineth yt he hath brought to proue the papistes to be right Catholikes. First be∣cause they call themselues so. Secondly because igno∣rant persons giue them that name. And last of all be∣cause some learned men call thē false Catholikes, coun∣terfeit Catholikes, Catholike heretiks. But as the Iudge of the conference that was betwene the true Catholiks & the Donatistes said to the Donatistes, whē they chal∣lenged vnto thē the name of Catholikes, so answere I to the papistes,
illos quano magis se esse Catholicos dicerent, tanto magis iam causā ipsam remotis nugarum interposuionibus agere debere, in qua probare possent se potius esse Catholicos, that the more they vant themselues to be Catholiks, yt more they ought all delayes being remoued, now to go to the cause it selfe, in which they might proue that they are Catholikes in deede, rather then we.