A deuoute treatise vpon the Pater noster, made fyrst in latyn by the moost famous doctour mayster Erasmus Roterodamus, and tourned in to englisshe by a yong vertuous and well lerned gentylwoman of. xix. yere of age
Erasmus, Desiderius, d. 1536., Roper, Margaret, 1505-1544., Hyrde, Richard.

¶The fyrst peticion.

PAter noster qui es in celis / sanctificetur nomen tuum. Here O father in heuyn the petycions of thy chyl∣dren / whiche thoughe they be as yet bodily in erthe / natwithstan∣dynge / in mynde euer they desyre and long to come to ye countre celestiall / & fathers house / where they well knowe and vnderstande / that the treasure of euerlastyng welthe and fely∣cite / that is to saye / the inherytaunce of lyfe im∣mortall / is ordayned for theym. We aknowledge thyne excellency / O maker / sauyour / and gouer¦nour of all thyng / conteyned in heuen & in erthe / And agayne we aknowledge & confesse our owne vylenesse / & in no wyse we durst be so bolde to call the father (whiche are farre vnworthy to be thy bonde men) ne take vpon vs the most honorable name of thy children / whiche vnneth thou vouch sauest thyne angelles / except thy mere goodnesse hadde: by adoptyon receyued vs in to the great honour of this name. The tyme was / whan we were seruaūtes to wyckednesse and synne / by the miserable generacion of Adam: we were also chil¦dren of the fende / by whose instinction and spyrite we were driuen and compelled to euery kynde of myschefe and offēce. But that thou of thyne infi∣nite Page  [unnumbered] mercy / by thyne onely begoten sonne Iesus / made vs free from the thraldome of syn̄e / & dely∣ueredest vs frō the deuyll our father / & by violēce riddest vs frō thinheritaunce of eternall fyre / & at the last / yu vouchsaffest to adopt vs by faythe and baptyme / as membres in the moost holy body of thy sonne: nat onely in to the felowshyppe of thy name / but also of thyne inheritaūce. And bycau∣se we shulde nothyng mystrust ī thy loue towarde vs / as a sure token therof / thou sendest from he∣uen downe in to oure hertes / the moost holy spy∣rite of thy sonne: Whiche (all seruauntlye feares shaken of) boldely cryeth out in our hertes with∣out cessyng / Abba pater / Whiche in Englysshe is as moche to saye / as O father father: & this thy sonne taught vs / by whome (as mynister) thou gyuest vs all thynge: That whan we were as it were borne agayne by thy spyrite / and at the fōt∣stone in baptyme / renounced and forsaken our fa∣ther ye deuyll / and had begon to haue no father in erthe / than we shulde aknowledge onely oure fa∣ther celestyall: By whose marueylous power we were made somwhat of ryght nought: by whose goodnesse we were restored / whan we were loste: by whose wysedome incomparable / euermore we are gouerned & kepte / that we fall nat agayne in to distruction. This thy sonne gaue vs full truste to call vpon the / he assigned vs also away of pray¦eng to the / aknowlege therfore the desire & prayer of thy sonne / aknowlege the spirite of thy sonne / whiche prayeth to thy maiestie for vs by vs: Do Page  [unnumbered] yu nat disdayne to be called father of those / whom thy sonne moost lykest thy ymage / vouchesafe to call his brethern / and yet we ought nat her vpon to take lykyng in our selfes / but to gyue glorie to the and thy sonne for that great gentylnesse: sithe no man can here of hym selfe ought deserue / but that thyng whatsoeuer good it be / cometh of thy onely and free lyberalite. Thou delytest rather in names louyng and charitable / than terrible and fearefull: Thou desyrest rather to be called a fa∣ther / thanne a lorde or maister: Thou woldest we shulde rather loue the as thy children / than feare the as thy seruaūtes and bonde men: Thou fyrst louedest vs / and of thy goodnesse also it cometh / and thy rewarde / that we do loue the agayne. Gyue eare / O father of spyrites to thy chyldren spyrituall / whiche in spyrite praye to the: For thy sonne tolde vs / that in those that so prayed thy de¦lyte was / whom therfore yu sēdest in to the worlde that he shulde teache vs all veryte and trouthe. Here nowe the desyres of vnyte and concorde / for it is nat sytting ne agreable / that bretherne whō thy goodnese hath put in equall honoure / shulde disagre or varry among themselfe / by ambicious desyre of worldely promocion / by contencious de∣bate / hatered or enuy / all we hang of one father / we all one thyng praye for and desyre / no man as∣keth ought for hym selfe specially or a parte / but as membres of one body / quyckened and releued with one soule: We requyre and praye in cōmen / for that whiche indyfferētly shalbe expedient and Page  [unnumbered] necessary for vs all. And in dede / we dare none o∣ther thyng desyre of the / than what thy sonne cō∣maūded vs / ne otherwise aske / than as he apoyn¦ted vs / for in so askyng / his goodnesse promysed we shulde optayne / what soeuer we prayed for in his name. And for as moche as whan thy sonne was here in erthe / he nothyng more feruently de∣syred / than that thy moost holy name shulde ap∣pere and shyne / nat onely in Iudea / but also tho¦rowe all the worlde / besyde we also / bothe by his encoragyng and ensample / this one thing aboue all desyre / that the glorie of thy most holy name / maye replenisshe and fulfyll bothe heuen & erthe / so that no creature be whiche dredeth nat thy hye power and maieste / whiche do nat worshippe and reuerēde also thy wysdome eternall and maruey∣lous goodnesse / for thy glorie as it is great / so ney¦ther hauyng begynnyng nor endyng / but euer in it selfe florisshynge / can neyther encreace nor de∣creace / but it skylleth yet mākynde nat a lytell / yt euery man it knowe and magnifye / for to knowe and cōfesse the onely very god. And Iesus Christ whom thou fendest in to ye worlde / is as moche to vs / as lyfe eternall. Let the clere shynyng of thy name / shadowe & quenche in vs all worldly glory. Suffre no man to presume to take vpō hym selfe any {per}te of glory / for glory out of yt is non / but very sclaūdre & rebuke. The course of nature also in car¦nall children this thyng causeth / that they great¦lye desyre the good fame and honest reputacion of their father: for we maye se howe glad they be / & Page  [unnumbered] howe they reioyce / howe happy also they thynke them selfe / if happen their fathers any great ho∣noure / as goodly tryumphe / or their ymage and picture to be brought in to ye court or cōmen place with an honourable preface / or any other goodly royalte what soeuer it be. And agayne we se how they wayle / and howe agast & astonyed they be / if chaunce their fathers sclaundre or infamy. So depely hath this thyng naturall affection routed in mannes hert / that the fathers reioyse in their childrens glory / and their children in the glorie of their fathers. But for asmoche as ye gostly loue & affection of god / farre passeth and excedeth ye car∣nall affecion of m: therfore we thy spirituall chil¦dren / moche more feruently thurst and desyre the glory and honour of thy most holy name / & great¦ly are vexed and troubled in hert / if he / to whom alone all glorye is due chaunce rebuked or sclaun∣dred to be / nat that any sclaundre or rebuke can mynisshe or defoule the clerenesse of thy glory / but that we / as moche as lyeth in vs / in a maner do wronge and iniury to thy name / whan soeuer the gentyls eyther nat knowyng / or elles dispisynge the maker and originall of all / do worshippe & ho∣mage to creatures most vyle / as made of tymbre or stone: or other peynted images / some also to oxē some to bulles / and suche other lyke: And moreo∣uer / in all these foule and wycked deuylles / in ho∣nour of thē they sing hymnes: to these they do sa∣crifyce / before these they burne ensence and other swete sauours / than we thy spirytull chyldren / Page  [unnumbered] seyng all this / doubly are agreued / bothe yt thou hast nat that honour whiche is due to the / & that these wretches perisshe by their owne madnesse & follye. The iewes also neuer cesse in their sinago∣ges and resorte of people / from dispitefull and ab∣ominable bacbytinge of thy onely sonne / wherby in the meane tyme they sclaundre the / sithe it can nat be chosen whan thy sonne is misfamed (whi∣che is ye very clerenesse of thy glorie) but that in∣famy also must redounde in the. They cast eke in our tethe / as a thyng of great dishonestie / ye most glorious name of thy chyldren / sayeng / yt it were better to be called theues or manquellers / than̄e christen men and folowers of Christ. They ley a∣gaynst vs also that thy sonne was crucified / whi∣che is to vs great glorie and renoume / We maye thāke thy mercy father of all this thyng that we haue / and aknowledge the as originall and cau∣ser of all oure helthe / that we worshyppe also thy sonne in egall authorite with the / & that we haue receyued in to our hertes the spirite of you bothe. But yet good father in heuen / we pray yt to shewe thy mercy to those also / that bothe the gētyls lea∣uyng and forsakyng the worshippyng & homage of counterfaite ymages: maye do all honour and reuerence to thy maiestie alone / and the iewes re∣leued with thy spyrite / renounsing their supersti∣cious vsyng of the lawe maye confesse god / from whom all thyng so abundantly cometh / may con¦fesse the fonne of god / by whome we receyue all: maye confesse the holygost / parttaker and felowe Page  [unnumbered] of the diuyne nature / Let them worshippe in thre persons / one and egall maiestie / and aknowledge thre persons as one proper persone / so that euery nacyon / euery tonge / euery secte / euery age / as well olde as yong / maye with one assent auaunce and praise thy moost holy name. And I wolde to god that we also / whiche beare the name of thy children / were nat dishonestie to thy glorie / amon¦gest those yt knowe the nat: for lyke as a good and wise sonne is the glorie and honour of his father / so a folisshe & vnthrifty childe / getteth his father dishonestie and shame / & he is nat a naturall and {pro}per chylde / whosoeuer do nat labour all that he can to folowe and be like his father in wytte & con¦dicions: But thy son̄e Iesus is a very kynde and naturall childe / for he is a very full and perfite y∣mage & similitude of the / whom holly he is lyke & representeth. We whiche are become thy children by adopcion and nat by nature / confermyng our selfes after his ensample / endeauer as moche as lyeth in vs / to come to some maner lykenesse of y: that lykewise as thou waste moost parfitely exal∣ted and glorified in thy son̄e Iesus: so as farforth as our weakenesse wyll suffre / thou mayst be glo∣rified also in vs / but the wayes howe thou mayst be glorified in vs / is / if the worlde perceyue that we lyue after ye teaching and doctrine of thy son̄e that is to say / if they se that we loue the aboue all thyng / and our neighbour & brother no lesse than our owne selfes / & that we euer beare good mȳde and loue to our ennemy and aduersary / also well Page  [unnumbered] doing and profyting those / whiche do vs iniury & wrong: For these thynges thy sonne badde vs we shulde do / whan he prouoked vs to the folowyng and likenesse of our father in heuen / whiche com∣maundeth his sone to shyne vpon good and yuell: And howe great a shame and dyshoneste are they to thy glorie / whiche whan they haue professed & taken vpon them thy name / natwithstandynge / do robbery and thefte: commyt aduoutrie: chyde and braule: study to reuēge: go about to disceyue: forswere theym selfe by thy moost holy name: a∣monge also sclaundre and backebyte: haue their belly as their god: dispyce the / and do seruice and homage to worldely richesse. And truely the com∣men sorte of people for the moost {per}te / esteme god after the lyueng and cōdicions of his seruaūtes. For if they may parceyue that they whiche haue professed thy name / lyue viciouslye: thanne they crye out and saye. What a god is he / that hath su¦che maner of worshippers? Fye on suche a may∣ster that hath so vnrewly seruauntes: Out vpon suche a father / whose children be so leude: Banis∣shed be suche a kyng / yt hath suche maner of peo∣ple and subiectes. Thy sonne therfore consydring this / taught vs that lykewise as he bothe lyue∣eng and dyeng euer glorified thy name / so we al∣so all that we might / shulde endeuer by chast and blamelesse condicions / to auaunce and preyse the clerenesse of thy glorie / sayeng vnto us. Let your light shine in the sight of men / that they maye se your good workes / & in those glorify your father Page  [unnumbered] in heuen. But in vs O good father / there is no lyght at all / excepte it wyll please the to sende vs any / whiche arte the contynuall and euerlastyng spring of all lyght: nor we of our selfes can bring forthe no good workes. Therfore good lorde we praye the / lette thy goodnesse worke in vs / & thy clere lyght shine in vs: as in all thynge that thou hast created / dothe shine thy eternall and endlesse power / thy wysdome vnable to be expressed & thy wonderfull goodnesse whiche moost specially / yet thou vouchsafest to shewe to mankynde. Nowe than whyder soeuer we loke / all thynges glorifye thy name: the erthely spirites bothe day & nyght neuer lynne prayeng their lorde and kyng: y wō∣derfull also & heuenly ingen that we beholde: the disagreyng concorde moreouer of the elamentes: the flowing and ebbyng of the see: ye bublisshyng of ryuers: the enduring courses of waters: so ma¦ny dyuers kȳdes of thynges / so many kyndes of trees and of herbes / so many of creatures / and to euery thyng the proper apoynted and sette na∣ture: As in y Adamant stone to drawe yron / ye her¦bes to cure and heale diseases and sickenesse: All these thynges I saye / what other thyng do they shewe to vs than the glorie of thy name / & that thou arte onely very god / onely immortall / onely of all power and might / onely wyse / onely good / onely mercyfull / onely Iuste / onely trewe / onely marueylous / onely to be loued & had in reuerēce. Than father / we may well se that he doth wrong to thy glorious name / who soeuer take vpon him Page  [unnumbered] self to be called by any of these names / for though there be in vs any of these rehersed vertues / yet all that cometh to vs from thy liberall goodnesse. Graunt nowe therfore father / that thy name on euery side be glorified / and that the light and glo∣ry of thy name / maye no lesse appere and shyne in our maners and lyuenge / than it shyneth in thy Angels / and in all thynge that thou hast created and made: that in lykewise as they / whiche be∣holde and loke vpon this worlde of the wōderfull and marueylous workemanshippe / do guesse the excellēcy of the maker therof: so they that knowe the nat / moued and stered by our example / maye bothe cōfesse their owne misery and wretchednes and marueile thy liberall goodnesse / and by these meanes turned and cōuerted / may togyder with vs glorify the most holy name of the / of thy son̄e / and of the holy gost / to whom indifferently all ho∣nour and glorie is due for euer. Amen.