The peerage of Scotland: containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, ... collected from the public records, and ancient chartularies of this nation, ... Illustrated with copper-plates. By Robert Douglas, Esq;.
Douglas, Robert, Sir, 1694-1770.

STEWART Earl of BUTE.

The first of this noble family was,

1. SIR JOHN STEWART, who obtained from his father, king Robert II. a grant of a fair estate in the island of Bute,* (the ancient patrimony of the family of Stew∣art,) with the heretable sheriff-ship of Bute, Arran, &c. which was afterwards confirmed by a charter from his brother king Robert III. in which are these words:

"Robertus dei gratia,* &c. sciatis nos dedisse, &c. di∣lecto fratri nostro, Johanni senescallo de Bute, officium vicecomitatus de Bute, Ar∣ran, &c. datum 11mo Novembris, anno 1400."

He got also a charter from his brother, Robert duke of Albany, in these words:

"Robertus dux Albaniae,*gubernator Scotiae, &c. dedisse, &c. dilecto fratri nostro, Johan∣ni Stewart, vicecomiti de Bute, terras de Fynock, in baronia de Renfrew, &c."
dated at Irvine 1st January 1418.

He married Jean, daughter of sir John Semple of Elieston,* ancestor of the lord Semple, by whom he had three sons.

1. Robert.

2. William of Fynock, of whom after∣wards.

3. Andrew of Rosline, in the shire of Bute, of whom the Stewarts of Rosline and Balin∣shangrie are descended.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

II. ROBERT STEWART of Bute,* who was one of the privy council to king James II. anno 1440, and left issue a son and suc∣cessor,

III. JAMES STEWART of Bute, who, dy∣ing without issue anno 1497, was succeeded by his cousin and heir-male James, son of his uncle William of Fynock, to whom we now return.

II. WILLIAM, second son of sir John Stew∣art of Bute, got from his father the lands of Fynock,* upon which he got a charter from king James II. and is therein designed son of sir John, sheriff of Bute, &c. anno 1444.

He left issue two sons.

1. James.

2. William, who afterwards got the lands of Fynock.

It has been falsely alledged by several persons, that sir John Stewart of Bonkle, killed at the battle of Fal∣kirk, anno 1298, was the ancestor of this family; but the above genealogy, founded on indisputable authority, sufficiently disproves the assertion.

Page  109 He was succeeded by his eldest son,

III. JAMES, who succeeded also to the estate and sheriffship of Bute, upon the death of his cousin James, as before observed.

He obtained, for his good and faithful ser∣vices, a commission from king James IV. of the heretable constabulary of the castle of Rothsay,* in the isle of Bute; a royal seat, wherein king Robert III. died. The com∣mission is dated anno 1498.

He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Blair of that ilk, by whom he had two sons.

1. Ninian.

2. Robert, who married a daughter of John Lamond, and was ancestor of the Stewarts of Kilchattan, Ascog, &c.

IV. NINIAN, the eldest son, succeeded, was sheriff of Bute, and got a new grant of the hereditary command of the castle of Roth∣say, with a salary of 40 merks yearly, out of the feu-farms of Bute, Kintyre, Cowal, &c. upon which he got a charter under the great seal,* from king James IV. anno 1502.

He got also charters from the same prince of several different lands and baronies,*inter 1502 et 1508; particularly, one of the feu∣farms of Bute, to him and Janet Dunlop, his spouse, dated in 1506.

He died anno 1508, and, by the said Janet Dunlop, left issue a son and successor,

V. JAMES STEWART, sheriff of Bute, who was infeft in his estate,* and heretable constabulary of Rothsay-castle, 20th of May 1509.

He was afterwards made chamberlain of Bute, keeper of the king's forest there, and got also the lands of Kirktown, in Cumra: All which were confirmed by charters under the great seal,*Jacobo vicecom. de Bute. &c.

He married, 1st, lady Mary Campbell, daughter of Archibald earl of Argyle, by whom he had no issue.

He married, 2dly, Marian, daughter of John Fairly of that ilk, relict of Thomas Boyd of Linn, brother of Robert lord Boyd, by whom he had two sons.

1. John, his heir.

2. Robert Stewart, who got a charter, un∣der the great seal,* of the five pound land of Over and Nether Kilspock, &c.

VI. JOHN STEWART, sheriff of Bute, suc∣ceeded, and got charters under the great seal, Johanni vicecomiti de Bute,*filio Jacobi vice∣comitis de Bute, of the lands of Kilchattan, of the lands and barony of Ardmoleis, &c. &c.

He was a man of parts, and highly esteem∣ed by king James VI.* who appointed him one of the gentlemen of his bed-chamber, captain of the castle of Brodick, and cham∣berlain of Arran,*anno 1580: Which last of∣fice he enjoyed only till the family of Hamil∣ton was restored, anno 1585.

He married, 1st, Mary, daughter of John Campbell of Skipnish, by whom he had a son.

Sir John, his heir.

He married, 2dly, Fynewald, daughter of sir James MacDonald of Dunveg, Isla, and Glenns, ancestor of the earl of Antrim in Ire∣land, by whom he had no issue.

He died anno 1602, and was succeeded by his only son,

VII. Sir JOHN STEWART of Bute, who, being likeways in favour with king James VI. had the honour of knighthood conferred upon him;* and got charters under the great seal, Johanni vicecomiti de Bute militi, of se∣veral lands and baronies,* between 1602 and 1618.

He married Elizabeth, daughter and co∣heiress of Robert Hepburn of Foord; with whom he got the lands of Foord,* and several others in Haddington-shire, and by her had issue,

1. Sir James, his successor.

2. Colonel Thomas Stewart, who died in France.

VIII. Sir JAMES STEWART of Bute was a man of fine accomplishments,* and greatly esteemed by king Charles I. who created him a baronet, anno 1627.

He was served and retoured heir to his fa∣ther, and all these his ancestors,*anno 1630.

He adhered firmly to the interest of the royal family, during all the time of the civil war,* and was fined in 5000 merks by the parliament anno 1646. His estate was after∣wards sequestrate, and he suffered many other hardships in the time of the usurpation; but had the good fortune to survive all these troubles, and was most graciously received by the king at London, after the restoration; but did not long survive it.

He married Isabella, daughter of sir Dou∣gal Campbell of Auchinbreek, by whom he had two sons and three daughters.

1. Sir Dougal, his heir.

2. Sir Robert Stewart of Tillicoultry, one of the senators of the college of justice, who married, and had issue sir Robert Stewart, co∣lonel James Stewart, &c.

1st daughter, Elizabeth, married to Nini∣an Bannatyne of Keams.

Page  110 2. Anne, married to Alexander MacDo∣nald of Sana.

3. Jean, married to Angus Campbell younger of Skipnish.

He died at London anno 1662, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

IX. Sir DOUGAL STEWART of Bute, who married Elizabeth, daughter of sir Tho∣mas Ruthven of Dunglass,* by Mary his Wife, daughter of Alexander, 1st earl of Leven, by whom he had two sons and three daugh∣ters.

1. Sir James, his heir, afterwards earl of Bute.

2. Dougal Stewart, Esq; a gentleman of extraordinary parts and merit; who, apply∣ing himself to the study of the law, soon so distinguished himself in that profession, that queen Anne was pleased to name him one of the senators of the college of justice, and one of the lords commissioners of justiciary, anno 1710. He served commissioner in divers parliaments, both before and after the union; and discharged that important trust with ho∣nour and integrity.

He married Mary, daughter and heiress of John Bruce of Blairhall, by whom he had five sons and three daughters. 1. James Stewart, Esq; who married miss Crawfurd, and hath issue. 2. John Stewart, Esq; who married lady Anne Stewart, daughter of Francis earl of Murray, and hath issue, &c. &c. &c. Vide vol. II. of this work.

Sir Dougal's 1st daughter, Barbara, mar∣ried to Alexander Campbell of Barbreck.

2. Margaret, married to Dougal Lawmond of that ilk.

3.—married to—Stewart of Auch∣inskoch.

He died anno 1672, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

X. Sir JAMES STEWART of Bute, who was of the privy-council to queen Anne, and was appointed one of the commissioners to treat of an union with England, anno 1702; and being in great favour with her Majesty, was raised to the dignity of the peerage,* by the titles of earl of Bute, viscount Kingarf, lord Mountstewart, Cumra, and Inchmarnock, &c. by patent, to his heirs-male whatever, dated 14th April 1703.

In 1706, he opposed the union with all his interest; and when he discovered that a ma∣jority of the parliament were determined to go in to it,* he left the house, and retired to his seat in the country.

He married, 1st, Agnes, eldest daughter of sir George MacKenzie of Roschaugh, lord advocate, in the reign of king James VII by whom he had a son,

James, lord Mountstewart,—and a daugh∣ter,

Lady Margaret, married to John viscount of Garnock, and had issue.

He married, 2dly, Christian, daughter of William Dundas of Kincavel, Esq; advocate, by whom he had a son,

John Stewart, Esq; who died at Rome, without issue.

The earl died anno 1710, and was succeed∣ed by his eldest son,

XI. JAMES, second earl of Bute, who, upon the death of his uncle George MacKen∣zie, in 1707, succeeded to the estate of Rose∣haugh, in right of his mother.

He was one of the lords of the bed-cham∣ber to king George I. one of the commissi∣oners of trade for Scotland, lord-lieutenant of Bute-shire, and one of the sixteen Scotch peers to the 5th and 6th British parliaments.

He married lady Anne Campbell, daughter of Archibald duke of Argyle, by whom he had two sons and four daughters.

1. John, lord Mountstewart.

2. James Stewart MacKenzie, who, by the entail of sir George MacKenzie, his great grand-father, succeeded to the estate ef Rose∣haugh, and is obliged to bear the name and arms of MacKenzie. He was elected mem∣ber of parliament for Argyle-shire in January 1741, for the shire of Bute in 1747, for the burghs of Air, &c. in 1754, and for Ross-shire in 1761. He was appointed envoy-extraordina∣ry to the king of Sardinia in 1759. He married lady Betty Campbell, one of the daughters and co-heiresses of John duke of Argyle.

The earl's eldest daughter, lady Mary, mar∣ried to sir Robert Menzies of Weem.

2. Lady Anne, married to James lord Ruthven.

3. Lady Jean, married to William Cour∣tenay, Esq;.

4. Lady Grace, married to John Campbell younger of Stonefield, Esq; advocate.

He died anno 1722, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

XII. JOHN, third earl of Bute, who, in 1737, was elected one of the sixteen peers for Scotland, to the eighth parliament of Great Britain; and, about the same time, made a knight of the most noble order of the Thistle.

While his present Majesty was prince of Wales, the earl was his groom of the stole, and held the same place after his Majesty's accession to the crown, till he was, in March 1761, promoted to be one of the principal Page  111 secretaries of state; and sworn of the privy∣council.

In May 1761, he was chosen one of the sixteen peers to the ensuing parliament; and upon the resignation of her royal Highness the Princess Amelia, he was appointed ran∣ger and keeper of his Majesty's park at Rich∣mond.

He married Mary, only daughter of Ed∣ward Wortley Montague, Esq; eldest son of Sidney Wortley Montague, second son of Edward earl of Sandwich. Her mother was lady Mary Pierpoint, daughter of Evelyn duke of Kingston. By this lady an immense fortune came to the family of Bute, on the demise of her father, in January 1761; and soon after, his Majesty was pleased to grant her the dignity of a baroness of Great Bri∣tain, by the title of baroness Mountstewart of Wortley, in the county of York, and the dig∣nity of baron Mountstewart, to her lawful issue-male by John earl of Bute, &c.

Of this marriage, the earl has five sons and six daughters.

1. John, lord Mountstewart.

2. James.

3. Frederick.

4. Charles.

5. William.

1st daughter, lady Mary, married to sir James Lowther, baronet.

2. Lady Jane.

3. Lady Anne.

4. Lady Augusta.

5. Lady Caroline.

6. Lady Louisa.

ARMS.

Or, a fess cheque, argent, and azure, with a double tressure, counter-floree, with flowers de lis, gules.

Crest, on a wreath, a demi-lion, gules.

Supporters, on the dexter side, a horse, ar∣gent; on the sinister a stag proper.

MOTTO, Avito viret honore.

CHIEF SEATS.

At Mountstewart in the Isle of Bute, Twicknam in Middlesex, &c.