MURRAY Viscount STORMONT.
AS the origin of the great and antient sir∣name of Murray, is to be found under the title of duke of Athole, page 51st of this work, to that we refer our readers, and pro∣ceed to deduce the descent of this noble fa∣mily from their immediate ancestor,
X. Sir WILLIAM MURRAY of Tullibar∣dine, progenitor of the present duke of A∣thole, the tenth generation of that illustrious house, in a direct male line, made a great fi∣gure in Scotland in the reign of king James III. and married Catharine, daughter of An∣drew lord Gray of Foulis, by whom he had a numerous issue.
1. Sir John, who died before his father without issue.
2. Sir William, who succeeded him, and carried on the line of the family of A∣thole.
3. Sir Andrew, the first of the family of Stormont.
For the other children, vide page 53d.
I. Sir ANDREW MURRAY, third son of sir William Murray of Tullibardine, married Mar∣garet, daughter and sole heiress of James Bar∣clay of Kippo and Arngosk,* descended of the antient Barclays lords of Brechin, with whom he got the lands and baronies of Arngosk, Balvaird, Kippo, &c.
She resigned in the hands of king James IV. her whole estate, for new infe•tment to herself and sir Andrew Murray her husband in liferent, and the heirs procreate or to be procreate betwixt them in see,* 25th January 1507.
She afterwards, with consent of her said husband, and sir David their son and heir, founded a chaplainry in the parish church of Arngosk, and endowed it with an annuity of fourteen merks, and two acres of land, lying contiguous to the church, for the prosperity of their sovereign James V. king of Scotland, and for the health and welfare of themselves, their heirs and successors, &c.
The charter of mortification is dated at their castle of Balvaird,* 1st of August 1527.
Sir Andrew,* by the said Margaret Barclay, left issue two sons, and one daughter.
1. Sir David, his heir.
His daughter, Elizabeth, married to sir Ar∣chibald Douglas of Kilspindie.
He was succeeded by his eldest son,
II. Sir DAVID MURRAY of Arngosk and Balvaird, who married Janet, daughter of John lord Lindsay of Byres,* ancestor of the pre∣sent earl of Crawfurd, by lady Helen Stewart his wife, daughter of John second earl of A∣thole, by whom he had three sons.
1. Sir Andrew, his heir.
2. Sir William Murray of Letter-Banna∣chy, ancestor of the present viscount of Stor∣mont,* of whom afterwards.
3. David Murray of Airdith, who got a charter of these lands under the great seal,*anno 1563.
He died anno 1550, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
III. Sir ANDREW MURRAY of Arngosk and Balvaird, who was one of the barons that were on the assize of Alexander earl of Hunt∣ly, when condemned to death for heading the rebellion at the battle of Corrichie,*anno 1563.
He married, 1st, Margaret Ross, daughter of Ninian second lord Ross of Halkhead, which appears by a charter under the great seal, anno 1541,* but by her he had no issue.
He married, 2dly, lady Janet Graham, daughter of William second earl of Montrose, by lady Janet Keith,* daughter of William earl Marishal, by whom he had issue four sons.
1. Sir Andrew.
2. Sir David Murray of Gospitrie, created lord Scoon and viscount Stormont, of whom more hereafter.
3. Mr. Robert Murray, who was bred to the church,* and had the deanry of Dunkeld bestowed upon him by king James VI. but he died without issue.
4. Sir Patrick Murray of Byn and Drum∣cairn, a man of spirit and genius, and employ∣ed by the king in several different characters. He was lieutenant of his majesty's guards, but not confined to appear in a military capacity only, we see him acting sometimes in civil matters,* sometimes in ecclesiastical, always with applause. He married Isabel, daughter of—Blair of Balthyock, in Perthshire, but died without succession, anno 1604, and was succeeded by his brother sir David of Gospitrie,* who was served heir to him, anno 1607.
Sir Andrew died anno 1576, and was suc∣ceeded by his eldest son,
IV. Sir ANDREW MURRAY of Arngosk and Balvaird, who was one of the gentlemen of the bedchamber to king James VI. with whom he was in great favour.
He got charters under the great seal,* of the lands and baronies of Arngosk, Kippo, Park, and a great many others, betwixt the years 1572 and 1588, and took a new investiture of his estate, by way of entail, to himself in liferent, and Andrew Murray his son and ap∣parent heir, and the heirs-male of his body, in fee; which failing, to David Murray his bro∣ther-german, and the heirs-male of his body; which failing, to Mr. Robert, then to sir Pa∣trick, and their heirs-male; which failing, to David Murray of Airdith,* his uncle, &c. This is confirmed by a charter under the great seal, anno 1588.
It may here be observed, that William Mur∣ray of Letter-Bannachie, uncle to this sir An∣drew, and elder brother to David of Airdith, is omitted in this substitution, for what reason we know not,* but he was afterwards repon∣ed and put in his due place.
Sir Andrew married Margaret, daughter of John Crichton of Strathurd, descended of George earl of Caithness, lord high admiral of Scotland in the reign of king James II. and by her he had issue a son,
Sir Andrew,—and a daughter,
Anne, married to sir Mungo Murray of Drumcairn, a younger son of John earl of Tullibardine, of whom more hereafter.
He died before 1604, and was succeeded by his only son,
V. Sir ANDREW MURRAY of Balvaird, who was the first of this family that relin∣quished the title of Arngosk.
He made a new entail of his estates of Bal∣vaird, Arngosk, Pitlochie, Conland, &c. to himself and the heirs-male of his own body; which failing, to his uncle sir David of Gos∣pitrie, his majesty's comptroller, and the heirs-male of his body; which failing, to his uncle Robert, and the heirs-male of his body; which failing, to his cousin David of Balgonie, son and heir of William of Letter-Bannachie; and failing of his heirs-male, to William, son to David of Airdith, another cousin-german, &c.
The charter,* in which he is designed An∣dreas Murray de Balvaird, filius et haeres quondam Andreae Murray de Arngosk, militis, is dated 8th May 1604.
He married Margaret, daughter of sir William Menteith of Carse; but dying with∣out issue, anno 1624, his estate devolved up∣on his uncle and heir-male,
IV. Sir DAVID MURRAY of Gospitrie, Page 646 second son of sir Andrew Murray of Arngosk and Balvaird, who, from his youth, was bred at the court of king James VI. and being a man of extraordinary parts, great honour, and integrity, was highly esteemed by his maje∣sty, who first made him his cup-bearer; then master of the horse, and captain of the guard; and having conferred on him the honour of knighthood, made him comptroller of the royal revenue, upon the removal of sir David Home of Wedderburn,*anno 1599; in which offices he served his majesty with great fide∣lity and loyalty.
He attended the court from Falkland to Perth, on the memorable 5th of August 1600, when the earl of Gowrie and his brother made that audacious attempt upon his maje∣sty's sacred person,* where he was greatly in∣strumental in saving the king's life.
He did another remarkable piece of service to the court at this juncture; for after the earl of Gowrie, then provost of Perth, was killed, the whole town was in an uproar, and heavily threatened the authors of his death; but sir David, by his great prudence and re∣solute conduct, with the assistance of his young cousin William second earl of Tullibardine, quelled the tumult,* and conducted the king and court safe back to Falkland.
For which good services, he was ever after amongst the first favourites of the king, who thought he could never bestow too much upon so good and faithful a subject and servant.
He first gave him the barony of Ruthven, the chief seat of the Gowrie family, which came to the crown by the earl's forfeiture, and was afterwards called Huntingtower. Soon thereafter he bestowed upon him the lands of the whole abbay of Scoon,* of which the earl of Gowrie had been commendator, erected it into a temporal lordship, to be cal∣led the lordship of Scoon, with a seat and vote in parliament; and he was therein, with the greatest solemnity, invested, 7th April 1605, by a special commission, directed to the earl of Dunfermline, then chancellor for that effect,* the earls of Angus, Sutherland, Marishal, Linlithgow, the lords Fleming, Drummond and Thirlestane, being witnesses to the ceremony; which erection was con∣firmed to the lord Scoon by a special act of parliament, anno 1606; about which time he had the office of ranger of the Lummonds, the •orestry of the woods, and the old castle-stead of Falkland conferred upon him,* with several other beneficial grants.
Some time thereafter, he made a settle∣ment of his estate and honours, which was ratified and confirmed by a charter from king James VI. under his own hand, in these terms:
1st, To our well-beloved cousin David lord Scoon, and the lawful heirs-male of his bo∣dy; which failing,
2dly, To sir Andrew Murray of Balvaird, his nephew, and the lawful heirs-male of his body; which failing,
3dly, To sir Mungo Murray of Drumcairn, and the lawful heirs-male of his body; which failing,
4thly, To sir John Murray of Lochmaben, (afterwards earl of Annandale,) and the heirs-male of his body; which failing,
5thly, To Gilbert Murray, eldest lawful son of David Murray of Balgony, and the heirs-male of his body; which failing,
6thly, To Andrew Murray, second law∣ful son of the said David, and the heirs-male of his body, (who carried on the line of this family); which failing,
7thly, To William Murray, son of sir Wil∣liam Murray of Clermonth, and the heirs-male of his body, (of whom sir James Murray, general-receiver of the customs of Scotland is now the representative.) Quibus omnibus defi∣cientibus,
8thly, Legitimis et propinquioribus haeredi∣bus praefati nostri praedilecti consanguinei Davi∣dis domini Scoon quibuscunque haereditarie,*cog∣nomen et insignia de Murray familiae de Bal∣vaird gerentibus, &c. The charter is dated 14th October 1616.
The lord Scoon being a man of great un∣derstanding and steady resolution, was appoint∣ed his majesty's high commissioner to several general assemblies of the church, where he conducted himself with such prudence, and intrepidity, that he had a great hand in car∣rying through some things that met with much opposition,* in reference to the bringing the church of Scotland to some nearer degrees of uniformity with that of England, which the king had very much at heart.
And as he behaved with no less zeal for his majesty's service, when the five articles of Perth assembly were ratified in the parliament 1621, he was immediately dispatched by the marquis of Hamilton, the king's high com∣missioner, to communicate his success to the court, when his majesty was graciously plea∣sed, in recompence of his great and many ser∣vices,* further to dignify him with the title of lord viscount Stormont, by patent† under Page 647 the great seal, dated 22d February 1622, to and in favours of David lord Scoon, and the lawful heirs-male of his body; which failing, to the heirs of entail, as contained in the substitution of the charter, dated 14th October 1616, as before narrated.
He was now possessed of an immense estate, which appears by twelve or thirteen charters under the great seal,* of many different lands and baronies, too numerous to be here insert∣ed.
Upon the death of his nephew sir Andrew, he settled the estate of Stormont, with the lordship of Scoon, (being all his own acqui∣sition) to and in favours of the said sir Mungo Murray, and the heirs-male of his body; which failing, to John earl of Annandale, and the heirs-male of his body; which failing, to Mr. Andrew Murray then minister at Ab∣die, his own heir-male, on whom he imme∣diately settled the baronies of Balvaird and Arngosk,* the old inheritance of the family, anno 1625.
This great man married Elizabeth, daugh∣ter of sir David Beaton of Creich, in vicecom. de Fife, by whom he had no issue; and dy∣ing on 27th August 1631, was interred in a vault of the church of Scoon, under a stately monument of various coloured marble, with his statue, as big as the life, and on a tablet of black marble, most of his remarkable great actions are recorded.
1. The first viscount of Stormont thus dying without issue, in him ended the male-line of sir Andrew, eldest son of sir David Murray of Arngosk.
2. Sir Andrew Murray of Balvaird, the second person in the substitution and entail above recited, dying also without issue, anno 1624, as before noticed, the honours of Stor∣mont devolved upon the third person in the substitution, viz.
3. Sir Mungo Murray of Drumcairn, son of John earl of Tullibardine, who was second viscount Stormont.
This sir Mungo was designed master of Stormont in the first viscount's lifetime, as if he had been his lawful son, and got a char∣ter under the great seal, Kentigerno Murray magistro de Stormont,*terrarum baroniae de Bal∣whidder, &c. dated anno 1626.
He got afterwards a charter under the great seal, Kentigerno vicecomiti de Stormont, terra∣rum de Kirktoun de Errol,* dated anno 1633.
Mungo, second viscount Stormont, marri∣ed, 1st, (as before observed) Anne, only daughter of sir Andrew Murray of Balvaird, niece of the first viscount; 2dly, lady Anne, daughter of John earl of Wemyss, but died without issue, anno 1642, whereby the lord∣ship of Scoon, and honours of Stormont, de∣volved upon
4. James, second earl of Annandale, son of John the first earl, and fourth person in the foresaid substitution, who was third viscount Stormont,* and was served heir of tailzie to the said Mungo in the lordship and barony of Scoon, in May 1642.
The honours of Stormont continued in the possession of the earl of Annandale for sixteen years,* that the earl died without issue, anno 1658.
5. Gilbert Murray, the fifth person in the said substitution, dying also without issue, the honours of Stormont devolved upon his bro∣ther,
6. Andrew Murray, the sixth person in the substitution, and undoubted heir-male of the patentee, being lineally descended of Wil∣liam of Letter-Bannachy, before mentioned, to whom we now return.
II. WILLIAM MURRAY of Letter-Ban∣nachy, second son of sir David Murray of Arngosk, by Janet, daughter of John lord Lindsay of Byres, got a charter from his bro∣ther sir Andrew Murray of Arngosk, father of the first viscount,*Willielmo Murray, fratri suo germano, de terris de Letter-Bannachie, in •icecomitat. de Perth, et haeredibus suis, &c. dated anno 1553.
He also got charters under the great seal, Willielmo Murray de Letter-Bannachie, of the lands of Auchloy,* and others, et tenemen∣tum vasti vetus capellan. Sancti Andreae spectan. &c. dated anno 1574.
He married a daughter of—Pitcairn of that ilk, by whom he had two sons, and three daughters.
1. Andrew, who died before his father without issue.
2. David, his heir.
1st daughter,*—, married to Balcan∣quel of that ilk, and had issue.
2.—, married to—Murray younger of Ochtertyre, and had issue.
3.—, married to—Kinross of Cambusne•han in Strathallan,* now part of the estate of Cromlix.
He was succeeded by his only surviving son,
IV. DAVID MURRAY, promis•uously de∣signed of Balgony, Kippo, and Byn.
In a charter of Mr. Murray of Abercair∣ny, he is designed David Murray de Balgony, filius et haeres quondam Willielmi Murray de Letter-Bannachie,*&c. anno 1612; and is in the substitution of the entail of David lord Scoon by the same designation, anno 1616, before observed.
He had acquired the estate of Kippo from the family of Balvaird;* but sold it to doctor David Philp, anno 1623.
He married Agnes,* daughter of— Moncrief of that ilk, by whom he had issue four sons, and one daughter.
1. Gilbert, who succeeded his father, was the fifth person in the preceeding substituti∣on; but died without issue.
2. Sir Andrew, who succeeded his brother, of whom more hereafter.
His daughter, Catharine, married to John Arnot of Pittorvie, Esq; and had issue.
He died before the year 1631.
V. Sir ANDREW MURRAY, afterwards lord Balvaird, who was second son of David, succeeded his brother Gilbert, and was the sixth in the substitution before noticed. Being himself a younger brother, was bred to the church, and was appointed minister of the pa∣rish of Abdie in Fife,*anno 1618.
He succeeded to the estates of Balvaird and Arngosk, upon the death of his cousin Da∣vid viscount Stormont, anno 1631, in virtue of his destination and entail, made anno 1625, before mentioned, and got a charter, under the great seal, of his whole estate, which was then very considerable,* to himself and the heirs-male of his own body; which failing, to the heirs-male of his brothers William and David, respective, dated 14th July 1632.
He had the honour of knighthood con∣ferred upon him at the solemnity of the king's coronation, anno 1633, and got another char∣ter under the great seal, domino Andreae Mur∣ray de Balvaird, militi, terrarum de Pitlochie, &c.*anno 1636.
He was a man of great piety, prudence, and discretion, was thought a proper member for the assembly of Glasgow, anno 1638, where, by his temper, authority, and mode∣ration, he greatly allayed the heats and animo∣sities that were agitated with so much warmth and zeal, in reference to episcopacy, and the government of the church by bishops. His conduct was greatly approved by the marquis of Hamilton, the king's commissioner, which he fully represented to his majesty: therefore when he came to Scotland, in the year 1641, to hold a parliament in his own royal person, in hopes of cementing all differences, &c. he was pleased to raise sir Andrew to the dignity of the peerage,* by the title of lord Balvaird, by letters patent, dated 14th November 1641.
Soon after this he got a considerable acces∣sion to his estate, by the death of Mungo vis∣count Stormont,* to whom he was served and retoured heir of tailzie and provision in the barony of Stormont, in May 1642.
1. David, afterwards viscount Stormont.
2. Sir Andrew of Pitlochie, ancestor of the Murrays of Murrays-hall in Perth-shire.
3. Doctor James Murray, an eminent physician, whose daughter and heiress was mar∣ried to Robert Carmichael of Balmblae, Esq; in the county of Fife.
4. Sir John Murray of Drumcairn, a man of great parts and learning, who being bred to the law, and remarkable for his knowledge and integrity, was promoted to be one of the senators of the college of justice; in which station he continued to act with universal ap∣plause, till the revolution. His only daugh∣ter, Elizabeth, was married to Francis earl of Murray.
5. Mr. William, who being also bred to the law, was accounted one of the most fa∣mous and celebrated lawiers before the court of session in his time.
1st daughter, Catharine, died unmarried.
2. Barbara, married to Andrew lord Gray of Foulis.
3. Marjory, married to sir Alexander Gib∣son of Durie, whose only daughter was mar∣ried to John Murray of Polmaise, Esq; in the county of Stirling.
He died 24th September 1644, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
VI. DAVID, second lord Balvaird, who, upon the death of James earl of Annandale, and third viscount Stormont, succeeded to the lordship of Scoon, and title of Stormont, in virtue of the substitution in the charter 1616, and the patent in 1622, above narrated, where the honours are limited to the heirs∣male, &c. and was the fourth viscount Stor∣mont.
He was served heir of tailize to Mungo viscount Stormont, in the lordship and barony of Scoon; the service of James earl of An∣nandale, and infestment following thereon, as heir to the said Mungo, having been declar∣ed void by a decreet of declarator of the court of session, obtained at lord Balvaird's instance against him, for having contraveened the provisions in the entail, by contracting of debts,* which debts are also declared void and null. The decreet of declarator is dated 27th February 1662.
And upon his own resignation he got ano∣ther charter, under the great seal, of his whole lands and estate in Perth, Fife, and Dumfries-shires, erecting them into an entire and free viscounty, to be called the viscounty of Stor∣mont, lordship of Balvaird, Cockpool, and Lochmaben,*&c. The charter, which con∣tains a novo damus, is dated the 22d of August 1666.
He was a great loyalist, and adhered to the interest of the royal family in their greatest distress with inflexible fidelity; on which ac∣count he suffered many hardships, and was fined by Oliver Cromwell in the sum of one thousand five-hundred pounds sterling,* in the year 1654.
He married lady Elizabeth Carnegie, daugh∣ter of James second earl of Southesk, dowa∣ger of James earl of Annandale, by whom he had a son,
David,—and two daughters.
1. Catharine, married to William earl of Kintore.
2. Amelia, died unmarried.
He died in July 1668, and was succeeded by his only son,
VII. DAVID, fifth viscount Stormont, who was served heir to his father in October 1668.* He was a man of good parts, honour and in∣tegrity.
He married Marjory, daughter of David Scot of Scotstarvit, Esq; (heir-male of the most noble family of Buckcleugh) by Nicholas his wife, eldest daughter of sir John Grierson of Lag, whose mother, Margaret, was eldest daughter of sir James Murray of Cockpool, elder brother of John earl of Annandale, whereby the present viscount Stormont is heir of line of the Murrays of Cockpool, earls of Annandale, &c.
By her he had issue six sons, and eight daughters.
1. David, his heir.
2. James, who was a member of the house of commons in the two last parliaments of queen Anne.
3. John, who died young.
4. William, who, in 1742, was appoint∣ed sollicitor-general to his majesty; in 1744, attorney-general; in November 1756, was created a peer of Great-Britain, by the title of lord Mansfield, baron of Mansfield, in the county of Nottingham; and lord chief-justice. He has since been made one of the cabinet and privy council, and nominated one of the governors of the charter-house. He married lady Elizabeth Finch, daughter to the earl of Winchelsea and Nottingham.
These two last died without issue.
1st daughter, Catharine.
These two daughters died unmarried.
3. Marjory, married to colonel John Hay of Cromlix, second son of Thomas earl of Kinnoul.
4. Emilia, married to sir Alexander Lind∣say of Evelick, in the county of Perth, Bart.
6. Jean, died unmarried.
8. Mary, died unmarried.
The viscount died in November 1731, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
VIII. DAVID, sixth viscount of Stormont, a man of great learning, knowledge, and in∣tegrity, who married Anne, only daughter and heiress of John Stewart of Innernytie, Esq; by whom he had issue two sons, and two daughters.
1. David, now viscount Stormont.
1st daughter, Anne.
He died anno 1748, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
IX. DAVID, seventh viscount Stormont, lord Balvaird, Cockpool, and Lochmaben, one of the sixteen Scotch peers to the present Bri∣tish parliament, who was appointed his maje∣sty's envoy extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the king of Poland, elector of Saxony, and to the republic of Poland, anno 1755, and acquitted himself in that negotiation with great prudence and dexterity.
He is at present appointed to be his maje∣sty's ambassador extraordinary, and minister plenipotentiary to the emperor and empress of Germany.
He married Henrietta Frederica, daughter of Henry count Bunau, of the antient family of the Bunaus of the branch of Puchem, pri∣vy councillor and envoy from the court of Saxony to the courts of London and Vienna, by his lady, a daughter of Gustavus baron of Ragknitz, by his lady, mademoiselle Schom∣berg, descended of the same family with the famous duke of that name.
By her he hath issue a daughter,
Quarterly; 1st and 4th azure, three stars Page 650 within a double tressure, counter-•loree with flowers de lis or for, Murray; 2d and 3d gules, three crosses pattee argent, for Barclay of Balvaird.
CREST; on a wreath, a buck's head coup∣ed proper, with a cross pattee, between his antlers, argent.
SUPPORTERS; two lions gules.
MOTTO; Meliora spero.
At Cumlangum-Castle, in Annandale; and at Scoon in Perth-shire.