The peerage of Scotland: containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, ... collected from the public records, and ancient chartularies of this nation, ... Illustrated with copper-plates. By Robert Douglas, Esq;.
Douglas, Robert, Sir, 1694-1770.

DOUGLAS Duke of QUEENSBERRY.

AS the grandeur and antiquity of the noble and illustrious name of Douglas is fully set forth under the title, duke of Douglas, we shall deduce the descent of this great branch of that illustrious house, from their immedi∣ate ancestor, viz.

WILLIAM, first earl of Douglas, who, a∣bout the year 1340, married lady Margaret▪ daughter of Donald, sister, and at last sole heiress of Thomas earl of Marr,* by whom he got the lands and barony of Drumlanrig, (the original patrimony of this noble family,) and several other considerable possessions in the south of Scotland, of which there are many documents.

He dying anno 1384, was succeeded by his eldest son,

JAMES, second earl of Douglas, who com∣manded the Scotch army at Otterburn, where he gained a victory over the English, but lost his life in the battle, anno 1388.

I. Sir WILLIAM, the first of this family, was son of the said James. He got from his father the lands and barony of Drumlanrig, &c. by a charter, in these words: Jacobus comes de Douglas, &c. noveritis nos dedisse, &c. Willielmo de Douglas, filio nostro, omnes terras nostras totius baroniae nostrae de Drumlan∣rig, &c. infra vicecom. de Dumfries, tenend. ePage  562 habend. omnes dictas terras praefatae baroniae, cum pertinen. eidem Williehno et haeredibus suis, de corpore suo legitime procreandis, in fe∣odo et haereditate in perpetuum, &c. faciendo servitium unius militis, nomine albae firmae. In cujus rei testimonium, sigillum nostrum feci∣mus apponi, testibus domino Archibaldo de Douglas domino Calovidiae, Jacobo de Douglas domino de Dalkeith, Jacobo de Lindsay domino de Craufurd, Willielmo de Lindsay, Roberto Colville, Willielmo de Borthwick, Adamo For∣rester,* Adamo de Hope-Pringle, Alano de Laudre, cum multis aliis. The charter is without date; but appears to have been granted about the year 1387.

It may be here observed, that this noble family hath always carried the arms of the earls of Marr quartered with their own, which denotes their descent from Margaret heiress and countess of Marr,* as before-noti∣ced.

This sir William was a man of fine natural parts, which were greatly improved by a li∣beral education; and he always appeared like a man of the first rank.

He obtained a safe conduct from king Ri∣chard II. for himself,* with twenty persons in his retinue, to go into England, anno 1397.

He got another from king Henry IV. to travel through England, anno 1405, in which he is designed Willielmus dominus de Drum∣lanrig.* Also one, anno 1406.

He, like many of his brave ancestors, was a great warrior, and signalized himself upon seve∣ral occasions against the enemies of his country.

Anno 1411, he and Gavin Dunbar, son of the earl of March,* with remarkable conduct and resolution, attacked, retook, and plunder∣ed the town of Roxburgh, then in the hands of the English.

He being equally qualified for the cabinet and the field, was concerned in all the public state-transactions of his time.

In 1412, the duke of Albany, governor of Scotland, sent him ambassador to the court of England, to negotiate the release of king James I. then their prisoner,* where he acquitted him∣self with honour and reputation, tho' his ne∣gotiation at that time was not attended with the desired success: however he obtained from his majesty a charter, all fairly writ with his own hand, which, for the sake of the curious, we have here inserted, and is as follows:

"James, through the grace of God, kynge of Scottis, till all that this lettre heiris or seis, sendis gretynge. Wit ze, that we have grantit, and by this present lettre grantis, a special confirmatioune in the maist forme, till our trusty and well belosit cosyng sir William of Douglas of Drumlanrig, of all the landis that he is possessit and charte∣rit of, within the kyngdome of Scotland; that is to saye, the landis of Drumlanrig, of Hawike, and of Selkirk; the which charter and possessionns, by this lettre we confirm. In witness of the quhilke thes present let∣tres we wrate with our proper hande,* un∣der the signet ussit in seyling of our lettres, as now at Croydon, the last day of No∣vember, the zeire of our Lord 1412."

In 1416, a treaty was set on foot for re∣lieving the king, which proceeded so far, that the king of England consented to his coming to Scotland,* provided he should return against a certain time, or pay the sum of 100,000 merks sterling, and give hostages for the per∣formance.

This sir William of Drumlanrig, with the earls of Fife, Athole, Buchan, Marr, Douglas, Crawfurd, the bishops of St. Andrews, Glas∣gow, &c. were named the hostages as well as commissioners to bring the treaty to a conclu∣sion;* but for reasons of state even this treaty did not take effect.

In 1420, the English carried king James to France, in hopes of drawing the Scotch auxiliaries over to their interest, by their king's presence in their army.

Sir William, at this time, intending to wait on the king in France,* obtained a safe conduct from king Henry V. of England, for himself and twenty of his retinue. He arrived in France, and waited on the king accordingly; but it does not appear that he or any of the Scots could be prevailed on to desert their old allies the French, tho' their king was in the army against them; well knowing, that if their royal master had not been a prisoner,* he would not have been there on that side.

This great man, being in high favour with king James I. had the honour of knighthood conferred upon him at the solemnity of his majesty's coronation, anno 1424; and having afterwards joined the Scotch auxiliaries in France,* lost his life in the service of that crown, anno 1427, having married Elizabeth, daughter of sir Robert Stewart of Durisdeer and Rosythe, by whom he had a son,

II. WILLIAM, second baron of Drumlan∣rig, who succeeded him,* and that same year was sent an hostage to England (in exchange of another lord) for payment of the remain∣der of king James's ransom, but was releived soon afterwards.

He was a great patriot, and a gallant officer, having remarkably signalized himself at the battle of Sark, where the Scotch army ob∣tained an important victory over the English, under the command of his cousin the brave Page  563 earl of Ormond, brother of James earl of Douglas, anno 1448.

He married Janet, daughter of sir Herbert Maxwell, lord of Carlaverock, ancestor of the earl of Nithsdale, by whom he had

William,* his son and successor, and died anno 1458.

III. WILLIAM, third baron of Drumlan∣rig, eminently displayed his great knowledge in the military art at the siege of Roxburgh, where his royal master,* king James II. lost his life, anno 1460.

He was likeways engaged in the bold at∣tempt of the earl of Angus in 1462, where he relieved and brought off Mr. Brysack with the French forces, then closely besieged by the English in the castle of Alnwick:* this was done in sight of the whole English army, which was more than double the number of the Scotch.

He married Margaret Carlyle, daughter of William lord Torthorald, by whom he had two sons.

1. Sir William.*

2. Mr. John Douglas, bred to the church.

He died anno 1464, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

IV. WILLIAM, fourth baron of Drum∣lanrig, who was a man of great loyalty, worth, and honour, and a faithful subject to king James III.

In the unnatural rebellion of Alexander duke of Albany, against his brother the king, this William joined the royal army,* and was killed at the battle of Kirkconnel near San∣quhar, 22d July 1484, leaving issue by Eli∣zabeth his wife, a daughter of sir Robert Crichton of Sanquhar,* ancestor of the earl of Dumfries, four sons, and three daughters.

1. James, of Drumlanrig.

2. Archibald, ancestor of the Douglases of Cashogle and Dalony.

3. George, ancestor of the Douglases of Penziere.

4. John, vicar of Kirkconnel.

1st daughter,*Margaret, married, 1st, to John lord Cathcart; 2dly, to sir Robert Dal∣ziel, ancestor of the earl of Carnwath.

2. Janet,* married, 1st, to William lord Somerville;* 2dly, to Alexander Gordon, son and apparent heir of John Gordon of Lochin∣var,* ancestor of viscount Kenmure.

3. Elizabeth,* married to John Campbell, son and heir apparent of James of Loudoun, ancestor of the earl of Loudoun.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

V. JAMES, fifth baron of Drumlanrig, who, upon his own resignation, got a new grant from the crown of his whole estate,* to himself and his heirs, 19th May 1492.

He married Janet,* daughter of David Scot of Buccleuch, ancestor of the duke of Buc∣cleuch, by whom he had a son,

Sir William, of Drumlanrig,—and a daughter,

Janet, married to Roger Grierson of Lag.

And dying in 1498, was succeeded by his only son,

VI. Sir WILLIAM, sixth baron, who got a charter under the great seal,*Willielmo Dou∣glas de Drumlanrig, terrarum baroniae de Haw∣ick, &c. 15th June 1511.

He being a man of good parts, and great spirit, was in high favour with king James IV. whom he accompanied to the field of Flow∣don, where he lost his life with his royal ma∣ster, and the flower of the nobility of Scot∣land, anno 1513. He married Elizabeth, daughter of sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, ancestor of viscount Kenmure,* by whom he had two sons, and three daughters.

1. Sir James, of Drumlanrig.

2. Robert,* ancestor of the family of Lin∣cluden, of whom the Douglases of Burford are descended.

1st daughter, Janet, married to Robert lord Maxwell.

2. Agnes, married to Andrew Cunning∣ham of Kirkshaw.

3. Margaret, married to John lord Cath∣cart.

VII. Sir JAMES DOUGLAS, seventh ba∣ron of Drumlanrig, succeeded his father. He was a man of great worth, probity, and ho∣nour, and a faithful subject both to king James V. and queen Mary.

In 1526, he was one of the loyalists that attempted to deliver king James V. from the earl of Angus, and others of the nobility, who, it's said, kept his majesty in the condition of a prisoner; but their attempt was not attend∣ed with success at that time, which obliged him to take a remission.

He continued faithful and steady to the in∣terest of queen Mary, for which the duke of Chattelherault, then regent, conferred the ho∣nour of knighthood upon him;* and in 1553,* the queen and the regent were pleased to constitute him warden and justiciary of the west marches of Scotland over against Eng∣land, which office he discharged with great fi∣delity, conduct, and resolution for many years, till old age obliged him to resign it.

He got a charter under the great seal,*Ja∣cobo Douglas de Drumlanrig, militi, terrarum Page  564 de Moswald, &c. in Annandale, 8th June 1562.

He married, 1st, Margaret Douglas, daugh∣ter of George master of Angus,* son and heir apparent of Archibald earl of Angus, by whom he had two daughters.

1. Janet, married, 1st, to sir William Douglas of Cashogle; 2dly, to John Char∣teris of Amisfield.

2. Margaret, married to John Jardine of Applegirth.

Sir James having divorced his first lady, married, 2dly, (by a dispensation from the pope's legate,) Christian Montgomery, daugh∣ter of John master of Eglington,* and got a charter under the great seal, Jacobo Douglas de Drumlanrig, et Christianae Montgomery ejus sponsae, of several lands in Drumfries-shire, 30th October 1545. By her he had a son,

Sir William Douglas, designed of Hawick, —and four daughters.

1. Margaret, married, 1st, to Edward lord Sanquhar; 2dly, to William Graham fifth earl of Menteith;* and, 3dly, to Mr. Wauchop of Niddery.

2. Helen,* married to—Grierson of Lag.

3. Janet, married, 1st, to James Tweedie of Drumelzier; 2dly, to sir William Ker of Cesssord,* ancestor of the duke of Roxburgh.

4. Christian, married to Alexander Stewart of Gairlies, ancestor of the earl of Galloway.

He lived to a great age, and died in 1578.

VIII. Sir WILLIAM DOUGLAS of Haw∣ick, only son of sir James of Drumlanrig, was a man of great valour and magnanimity. He suppressed several incursions on the borders with singular prudence and conduct.

When the civil wars broke out in queen Mary's time, he joined the king's party, whose interest he always adhered to with great fide∣lity.

In his father's lifetime he got a charter un∣der the great seal,*Willielmo Douglas de Drum∣lanrig, juniori, terrarum de Chaplaine, Carrog∣hane, Lincluden, &c. 28th July 1565.

He married Margaret,* daughter of sir James Gordon of Lochinvar, ancestor of viscount Kenmure, by whom he had a son,

Sir James of Drumlanrig,—and three daughters.

1. Margaret,* married to sir Robert Mont∣gomery of Skelmorly, Bart.

2. Janet,* married to sir James Murray of Cockpool.

3. Christian, married, 1st, to Robert, se∣cond earl of Carnwath;* 2dly, to sir Alexan∣der Stewart of Gairlies, father of the first earl of Galloway.—They all had issue.

Sir William of Hawick died before his fa∣ther in 1572, and was succeeded by his son,

IX. Sir JAMES DOUGLAS of Drumlanrig, who succeeded also to his grand-father, anno 1578.

He obtained a charter of a great many lands from king James VI.*anno 1586.

He was a man of great judgment and pru∣dence, and was very instrumental in reconcil∣ing the differences amongst the contending parties, which gave great trouble and uneasi∣ness to king James VI. before his accession to the crown of England.

He was also very active in suppressing the insurrections on the borders, which were too frequent in those days; for all which, and his steady adherence to the king's interest, he was in great favour, and highly esteemed by his majesty.

He married Mary,* daughter of John lord Fleming, and sister of John earl of Wigton, by whom he had four sons, and two daughters.

1. Sir William, afterwards earl of Queens∣berry.

2. Sir James Douglas of Mouswald.

3. David Douglas of Airdoch.

4. George Douglas of Penziere.

1st daughter, Janet, married to William Livingston of Jarviswood, ancestor of viscount Teviot.

2. Helen, married to John Menzies of Castlehill.

He died in August 1615, and was succeed∣ed by his eldest son,

X. Sir WILLIAM DOUGLAS of Drum∣lanrig, who, being a man of eminent parts and learning, was a great favourite of king James VI. whom he had the honour of enter∣taining at his house of Drumlanrig, in 1617, and to whom he continued a faithful, dutiful, and loyal subject all his reign; and being in no less favour with king Charles 1.* he was by that prince raised to the honour of the peer∣age, by the titles of viscount Drumlanrig, lord Douglas of Hawick and Tibbers, &c. 1st A∣pril 1628.

When the king came to Scotland, he was pleased further to dignify him with the titles and honours of earl of Queensberry,* viscount Drumlanrig, lord Douglas of Hawick, Tib∣bers, &c. by patent to him and his issue-male, 13th June 1633.

He afterwards got a charter under the great seal,*Willielmo comiti de Queensberry, of the lands of Sanquhar, Cumnock, &c. 13th June 1638.

He married lady Isabel Ker,* daughter of Mark earl of Lothian, by whom he had four sons, and two daughters.

1. James, earl of Queensberry.

2. Sir William Douglas of Kelhead, creat∣ed Page  565 baronet by king Charles II. in 1668, great grand-father of sir John Douglas now of Kel∣head, baronet.

3. Archibald Douglas of Dornock.

4. Robert, who died unmarried.

1st daughter, lady Margaret, married to James earl of Hartield, grand-father of the first marquis of Annandale.

2. Lady Janet, married to Thomas lord Kirkcudbright.

And dying in 1639, was succeeded by his eldest son,

XI. JAMES, second earl of Queensberry, a man of singular merit, honour and probity, a firm and steady friend of the royal family during all the time of the civil war.

In 1645,* he was amerced by the parlia∣ment in 100,000 merks for siding with Mon∣trose.

After the battle of Kilsyth, he thought to have joined Montrose; but the leading men of Glencairn, who had raised a great force for the defence of their country, as they pre∣tended, surprised him in the mean time▪ car∣ried him prisoner to Carlyle, and there deli∣vered him to the governor, who closely con∣fined him for some time.

After he obtained his liberty, thinking to be even with the Glencairn men, he obtained from the king a grant of jurisdiction over their country,* the ampleit that could be be∣stowed, but that grant was taken from him by the parliament 1649.

In 1654. He was again condemned by O∣liver Cromwell to pay 4000 l.* sterling, as a new mulct, for his malignancy and rottenness of heart, according to the language of these times.

He married, 1st, lady Mary, daughter of James marquis of Hamilton and earl of Cam∣bridge, by whom he had no issue.

He married, 2dly, lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of John earl of Traquair, lord high treasurer of Scotland, by whom he had four sons and five daughters.

1. William, his heir.

2. James, who was a lieutenant-general in the army, married, and had issue, which are now extinct. He died in 1691.

3. John, who was killed at the siege of Treves, anno 1673.

4. Robert, slain at the siege of Maestricht, anno 1676.

1st daughter, lady Mary, married to Alex∣ander earl of Galloway.

2. Lady Catharine, married to sir James Douglas of Kelhead, baronet.

3. Lady Hemiet, married to sir Robert Grierson of Lag, baronet.

4. Lady Margaret, married, 1st, to sir A∣lexander Jardine of Applegirth; 2dly, to sir David Thoirs.

5. Lady Isabel, married to sir William Lockhart of Carstairs.

He died anno 1671, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

XII. WILLIAM, third earl of Queensber∣ry, who was a man of fine accomplishments, and great abilities, was highly esteemed by his majesty king Charles II. who constituted him one of the lords of his privy council, an∣no 1667; and in 1680, by a commission un∣der the great seal,* he was made justice-gene∣ral of Scotland.

In his father's lifetime he got two charters under the great seal, Willielmo domino de Drumlanrig,*domino de Sanquhar, officiorum vicecomitis de Dumfries, et coronatoris ejusd. &c. in 1664 and 1667.

In February 1682, he was created lord Douglas of Kinmont, Middlebie and Dornock, viscount of Nith, Torthorald and Ross, earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar,* and marquis of Queensberry, &c. as a mark of the royal fa∣vour, on account of his own, and the unsha∣ken loyalty of his noble progenitors.

In April 1682, he obtained the king's ma∣nuel, to the lord lyon king at arms,* ordering the double tressure to be superadded to his armorial bearings, as it is in the royal at∣chievement.

In May thereafter, he was constituted lord high treasurer of Scotland.

In September, he was made constable and governor of the castle of Edinburgh, and one of the extraordinary lords of session, holding at the same time divers military commissions besides: and indeed there were few great of∣fices in Scotland, whether sacred, civil, or military, that, upon every vacancy, were not left to his disposal during the latter part of this reign; the king, and his brother the duke of Albany and York, having delegated to him almost all their authority in that kingdom. This is fully instructed by a vast number of letters from the duke of Albany to this noble duke,* still preserved in the family.

And that no honour might be wanting which his prince could bestow, he was crea∣ted marquis of Dumfries-shire, and duke of Queensberry,* by letters patent, to him and his male issue, dated 3d November 1684, and was afterwards made one of the lords of the privy council in both kingdoms.

Upon king James's accession to the crown, he was not only continued in his former po••s by that prince, but was appointed high com∣missioner to represent his majesty's royal per∣son Page  566 in the parliament of Scotland, anno 1685; and he and his son, the earl of Drumlanrig, were at the same time constituted the king's lieutenants in the county of Dumfries, &c.

In 1686, he was made president of the council; but as he did not altogether comply with the measures of these times, but opposed the project of taking away the penal laws and test, he was soon after laid entirely aside.

He then retired to his seat at Drumlanrig, where he lived to the end of his days, in great splendor and magnificence: he rebuilt his fine castle there, which, with it's gardens, now highly improved and finished, yields to none in Scotland for stateliness and elegance.

He also greatly improved his estate, which had been much impaired by the loyalty and sufferings of his father and grand-father, and the iniquities of these unhappy times.

He married lady Isabel, daughter of Willi∣am marquis of Douglas, by whom he had three sons and one daughter.

1. James, his heir.

2. William, created earl of March, to whom he gave a considerable estate in Tweed∣dale. Vide title Douglas earl of March, p. 443.

3. Lord George, a youth of great hopes, who died unmarried, anno 1693.

His daughter, lady Anne, married to David earl of Wemyss, and had issue.

The duke dying in 1695, was succeeded by his eldest son,

XIII. JAMES, second duke of Queensberry, a man of great abilities, and fine accomplish∣ments, both natural and acquired.

After he had finished the course of his tra∣vels, king Charles II. immediately upon his return home, made him one of his privy council for Scotland, and lieutenant-colonel of the regiment of horse commanded by general Graham, afterwards viscount of Dundee, anno 1684: which offices he enjoyed till the year 1688, that he was laid aside for not comply∣ing with the measures of the court.

He came early into the revolution, and was made colonel of the Scotch horse-guards by the prince of Orange.

After that prince was declared king, his com∣mission was renewed, and he was made one of the lords of the privy-council and exchequer, and one of the lords of the bed-chamber.

In 1690, king William sent him to com∣mand a body of troops in Scotland under ge∣neral Mackay.

In 1692, he was made one of the lords of the treasury, and in 1693, he had a patent to sit and vote in parliament as a peer, being then lord high treasurer of Scotland, and an officer of state, his father being then alive.

In 1695, he gave up all his military em∣ployments, was made lord privy seal, and one of the extraordinary lords of session.

In 1700, he was appointed lord high com∣missioner, to represent his majesty's royal per∣son for two sessions of parliament in Scotland. When he returned to court in 1701, he was elected a knight of the most noble order of the garter, and was installed at Windsor on the 10th July following.

Queen Anne, being sensible that the duke had served king William with great fidelity, immediately upon her accession to the throne, made him secretary of state for Scotland; and having a great opinion of his abilities and good conduct, did also constitute him her high commissioner in 1702, to represent her maje∣sty in the Scotch parliament; and then being appointed first commissioner, on the part of Scotland, to treat of an union between the two nations, he set out for London accordingly.

The commissioners met at the Cockpit on 22d October; but things not being ripe for accomplishing the intended union, her majesty again honoured the duke with the office of high commissioner to the parliament of Scot∣land, anno 1703.

At first matters went on pretty smoothly; but after the act of security for the kingdom of Scotland came to be strongly insisted on, nothing could be brought to a conclusion that session, tho' the disputes (which run very high) were managed with great dexterity by the com∣missioner; and having passed some useful bills, he put an end to that session the 6th September.

In 1704, upon a change of some measures at court, he was removed from all his public employments; but in July 1705, he was a∣gain made first commissioner of the treasury, and lord privy seal, and also restored to his places in the privy council and exchequer.

In November following, her majesty was pleased to direct a commission to him to re∣present her person as sovereign of the noble order of St. Andrew; by virtue whereof, he, with the usual solemnity, did invest William Ker, marquis of Lothian, with the said order.

The English ministry, on account of the forementioned act of security, thought them∣selves under a necessity of endeavouring to ef∣fectuate an union betwixt the two crowns; and her majesty being impowered, by the parlia∣ment 1705, to nominate commissioners to treat with those of England, for that purpose, the duke of Queensberry, now lord privy seal, was one of the number.

The commissioners of both kingdoms met accordingly at London in April 1706, and a∣gainst the 22d day of July thereafter, every article thereof was by them agreed to.

Page  567 In June the same year, upon his own re∣signation, he obtained a new diploma, extend∣ing the titles of duke of Queensberry, &c. to the heirs of entail of his family, whether male or female,* with rank and precedency accord∣ing to the former diploma in 1684.

The parliament of Scotland being to meet at Edinburgh on the 3d of September follow∣ing, his grace the duke of Queensberry was a∣gain appointed her majesty's high commissioner, being judged the fittest person in the kingdom to bring about that great and important work of the union, which was accordingly brought to a conclusion (though not without great op∣position) on 10th January 1707. After which, the duke was elected one of the sixteen Scotch peers, in the first British parliament.

Before he arrived at London, he was met at some miles distance from that great metro∣polis, by many noblemen and gentlemen in their coaches, and on horseback; and next morning waited on the queen at Kensington, where he found that gracious reception which his great services had merited.

Her majesty immediately settled on him a pension of 3000l. sterling per annum out of the post office; and, as a further mark of her royal favour, in May 1708, created him a peer of Great Britain, by the titles of baron of Rippon, marquis of Beverly, and duke of Do∣ver; which honours were to descend to Charles earl of Solway, then his second son.

In 1710, he was appointed one of the principal secretaries of state for both king∣doms: which office he enjoyed as long as he lived. He was also made joint keeper of the signet with William lord Dartmouth.

He married Mary Boyle, second daughter of Charles lord Clifford, eldest son to Richard earl of Burlington and Cork, by lady Jean Seymour, daughter to William duke of Somerset, by whom he had four sons and three daughters.

1. William, earl of Drumlanrig, born in 1696, who died an infant.

2. James, who also died young.

3. Charles, earl of Solway, now duke of Queensberry.

4. Lord George, a youth of great hopes, who died at Paris, in the 24th year of his age.

1st daughter, lady Isabel, died unmarried.

2. Lady Jean, married to Francis earl of Dalkeith, and had issue.

3. Lady Anne, married to the honourable William Finch, Esq; brother to the earl of Winchelsea and Nottingham, his majesty's ambassador at the Hague, without issue.

The duke died at London on the 6th July 1711, and was succeeded by his son,

XIV. CHARLES, third duke of Queensber∣ry and Dover, who, on account of the great services done to the crown by his father and ancestors, was created earl of Solway, anno 1706, when very young, his elder brother being then alive.

When he came to be of age, he claimed his seat in the house of peers, as duke of Do∣ver; but as, by the articles of the union, 'tis alledged that no Scotch peer can be made a British peer, the house of lords therefore set aside his claim at that time.

This duke was made lord of the bed-cham∣ber to king George I. was one of the privy council both to kings George I. and II. and was appointed vice admiral of Scotland by the latter. He was also lord of the bed-chamber to his late royal highness Frederick prince of Wales, was appointed lord keeper of the great seal for Scotland; one of the lords of the privy council to his present majesty; and, upon the death of the marquis of Tweeddale, in 1762, was constituted lord justice general of Scotland.

He married lady Catharine Hyde, daughter of Henry earl of Clarendon and Rochester, by whom he had two sons.

1. Henry, earl of Drumlanrig, who, after fi∣nishing his studies at Oxford, betook himself to a military life, and served two campaigns in the last war, under the earl of Stair, and three campaigns under the king of Sardinia, where he gave singular proofs of his military genius, particularly at the siege of Coni, for which his Sardinian majesty ordered his ambassador at the court of Britain to wait on the duke of Queens∣berry, and return him thanks for the services his son had done in the course of that war. He afterwards got the commission of a regi∣ment in the service of the states of Holland, consisting of two battalions. He married lady E∣lizabeth Hope, daughter of John earl of Hope∣ton, but died soon afterwards, without issue.

The duke's second son, lord Charles, after∣wards earl of Drumlanrig, was chosen member of parliament for the county of Dumfries, anno 1747. Being of a delicate constitution, he went to Lisbon for his health, and narrowly e∣scaped in the dreadful earthquake 1755; but soon thereafter paid the common debt to nature on his return to Great Britain, dying unmarri∣ed in the 30th year of his age, anno 1756.

ARMS.

Quarterly; 1st and 4th, argent, a heart gules, imperially crowned, proper, on a chief azure, three mullets of the first, for Douglas; 2d and 3d, azure, a bend between six cross crosslets fithy or, for the earldom of Marr; the whole within a border or, charged with a double tressure of Scotland, being an augmen∣tation; as is also the heart in the 1st and Page  568 4th quarters, being used in memory of the pilgrimage made by sir James Douglas, ance∣stor of his grace, to the holy land, with the heart of king Robert Bruce, &c. The double tressure gules, was added by king Charles II. when he honoured the family with the mar∣quisate of Queensberry; before which the border was only plain.

CREST; on a wreath, a heart, as in the coat, between two wings expanded or.

SUPPORTERS; two pegasuses or flying horses argent, their manes, wings, tails, and hoofs or.

MOTTO; Forward.

CHIEF SEATS,

At Drumlanrig, in the county of Dumfries, a stately palace, with noble gardens, terrases, &c. At Middleton-stoney, in Oxfordshire, and at Amesbury, in the county of Wilts.