CAMPBELL Earl of LOUDOUN.
THE rise and descent of the great and illustrious name of Campbell, is to be found under the title of duke of Argyle, p. 34. of this work; but as the chief title of this noble family is derived from that of Lon∣doun of that ilk, we shall briesly deduce their descent from the first of that antient house we have upon record, viz.
I. LAMBINUS, was proprietor of the lands and barony of Loudoun,*&c. in the shire of Air, and flourished in the reign of king Da∣vid Page 423 I. who succeeded to the crown of Scot∣land anno 1124, and died anno 1153.
He was father of
II. JAMES de LOUDOUN, dominus de eo∣dem, or of that ilk, who got a charter of the lands and barony of Loudoun,* and others, from Richard de Morville, constable of Scot∣land, Jacobo filio Lambini; &c. also a charter from William de Morville, Jacobo de Loudoun terrarum baroniae de Loudoun, &c. both in the reign of king William the Lion, who succeed∣ed to the crown anno 1165; a certain proof that he had assumed his sirname from his lands, which was very much the custom in those early times; and his armorial bearing was argent,* three inescutcheons sable.
This James de Loudoun died without male-issue; but had a daughter,
III. MARGARET de LOUDOUN, his sole heiress, who succeeded him in his whole e∣state.
She married sir Reginald de Crawfurd,* he∣retable lord high-sheriff of the county of Air, one of the principal branches of the noble fa∣mily of Crawfurd.
He retained the sirname of Crawfurd; but quartered the arms of Loudoun with his own, and was afterwards designed sir Reginald of Loudoun, which hath continued to be the chief title of his posterity ever since.
This sir Reginald was witness to a donati∣on of David de Lindsay to the monastery of Newbottle,* confirmed by king Alexander II. anno 1220.
By the said Margaret de Loudoun he left issue a son and successor,
IV. HUGH CRAWFURD of Loudoun, high∣sheriff of Air,* who, in a charter of Walter, son of Alan lord high steward of Scotland, of a donation to the monastery of Paisley of the lands of Dalmulin, is designed Hugo filius Reginaldi, &c. anno 1226.
He died in the end of the reign of king Alexander II. leaving issue a son,
V. HUGH CRAWFURD of Loudoun, high sheriff of Air,* who succeeded him; and upon the particular recommendation of king Alex∣ander III. got a safe conduct from king Henry III. to go up to England, &c. anno 1255.
He left issue a son,
Sir Reginald,* his heir,—and a daugh∣ter,
Margaret, married to sir Malcolm Wallace, knight, and was mother of the immortal sir William Wallace.
He was succeeded by his son,
VI. Sir REGINALD CRAWFURD of Lou∣doun, high-sheriff of Air,* who is witness in a charter of James lord high steward of Scot∣land, of a donation to the monastery of Pais∣ley, anno 1288.
He was one of the arbitrators on the part of king Robert Bruce,* in the competition for the crown betwixt him and John Baliol, anno 1292.
He was afterwards, with many of his coun∣trymen,* compelled to swear sealty to king Edward I. of England, anno 1296.
He was basely murdered in the English garrison at Air, anno 1297,* leaving issue, by Cecilia his wife, a son,
VII. Sir REGINALD CRAWFURD of Lou∣doun, high sheriff of Air, who succeeded him, and was often designed sir Reginald the younger.
He was a strenuous defender of the liber∣ties of Scotland,* against all foreign oppressors, and lost his life in the service of his country, anno 1303, leaving issue only one child,
VIII. SUSANNA, his sole heiress, who suc∣ceeded him in his whole estate and dignities.
She married sir Duncan Campbell, who got a charter from king Robert Bruce, Dun∣cano Campbell,*militi, et Susannae suae sponsae, ommes terras de Loudoun, de Stevenston, &c. &c. haereditarie, all erected into one freebarony, to them and the heirs procreate, or to be pro∣create, betwixt them; which failing, to re∣turn to the nearest heirs whatsomever of the said Susanna. The charter is dated anno 1318; whereupon (though he retained the sirname of Campbell) he was afterwards designed sir Duncan of Loudoun, which hath continued to be the chief title of the family ever since.
By this marriage he got also the heretable sheriffship of Air;* and his family continued long to have the arms both of Loudoun and Crawfurd in their armorial bearing.
IX. This sir DUNCAN was son of sir Donald Campbell,* who got a charter from king Ro∣bert Bruce, of the lands Rubri Castri, or Red-Castle; sir Donald was second son of sir Colin More, the seventh generation, and im∣mediate ancestor of the illustrious family of Argyle; so that sir Duncan was the ninth generation of that antient house, in a direct male-line, Vide page 35th of this work.
He was a great loyalist, a firm and steady friend of king Robert Bruce.
By the said Susanna he left issue a son,
X. Sir ANDREW CAMPBELL of Lou∣doun, heretable high sheriff of Air, a man of Page 424 singular merit, and in great favour with king David Bruce,* whom he accompanied in his unfortunate expedition into England, and was taken prisoner with him at the battle of Dur∣ham, anno 1346. He remained under con∣finement in England, till his royal master was set at liberty, anno 1357.
He afterwards,* in reward of his constant loyalty, got a grant from king David of se∣veral lands in the county of Kincardine, anno 1361.
He then resigned his lands of Red-castle in favours of sir Robert Stewart,* knight.
He died in the reign of king Robert II. and was succeeded by his son,
XI. Sir HUGH CAMPBELL of Loudoun,* high sheriff of Air, who was one of the great barons of Scotland that was appointed to meet king James I. at Durham, anno 1423, and had issue a son,
XII. Sir GEORGE CAMPBELL of Lou∣doun, high sheriff of Air, who succeeded him.
He was appointed one of the hostages for king James I.'s ransom,*anno 1424, and is then designed son and heir of sir Hugh, &c.
He accompanied princess Margaret,* daugh∣ter of king James I. to France, when she was married to Lewis XI. anno 1436.
He married—Stewart,* a daughrer of the family of Darnly, by whom he had a son,
XIII. Sir GEORGE, who succeeded him, and had the honour of knighthood conferred upon him, by king James II.
He made a resignation of the heretable she∣riffship of Air-shire into the king's hands,* up∣on which he got a new grant, aud a charter under the great seal, to him and his heirs-male for ever, dated 16th May 1450.
He died in the beginning of the reign of king James III. and was succeeded by his son,
XIV. Sir GEORGE, who got a charter un∣der the great seal from king James III. Georgio Campbell de Loudoun,*militi, filio et haeredi Georgii Campbell de Loudoun, vicecomitis de Air, of some lands he exchanged with Alex∣ander de Livingston, anno 1465.
He got also a new charter of the sheriffship of Air,* to him and his heirs-male, in the year 1487.
He married a daughter of Gilbert lord Ken∣nedy,* ancestor of the earl of Cassilis, by whom he had two sons, and two daughters.
1. Sir Hugh, his heir.
2. George, ancestor of the Campbells of Killoch.
1st daughter, Elizabeth, married to Robert lord Erskine, ancestor of the earls of Mar.
2. Margaret, married to sir Alan Lockhart of Lee.
He was succeeded by his eldest son,
XV. Sir HUGH, high sheriff of Air, who got charters under the great seal,*Hugoni Campbell de Loudoun, militi, of many lands and baronies, inter 1501 et 1507.
This sir Hugh sat in the Scotch parliament when queen Mary's jointure was settled,*anno 1504.
He married Isabel, daughter of sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie,* by whom he had a son,
Sir Hugh, his heir,—and five daugh∣ters.
1. Annabella, married, 1st, to sir Thomas Boswell of Auchinleck; 2dly, to sir John Cun∣ningham of Caprington.
2. Helen, married to Laurence Craw∣furd of Kilbirny, ancestor of the viscount Gar∣nock and earl of Crawfurd.
3. Isabel, married to Mungo Muir of Row∣allan.
4. Janet, married to—Campbell of Cesnock.
5. Margaret, married to Thomas Kenne∣dy of Bargeny.
He died anno 1508, and was succeeded by his son,
XVI. Sir HUGH, who was a faithful and loyal subject, both to king James III. and IV.
He got charters, under the greal seal, Hu∣goni Campbell de Loudoun,*militi, vicecomiti de Air, of many lands and baronies, inter 1526 et 1532.
He married lady Elizabeth Stewart, daugh∣ter of Matthew earl of Lennox,* by lady E∣lizabeth his wife, daughter of James earl of Arran, and lady Mary Stewart, daughter of king James II. by whom he had a son,
Sir Matthew, his heir,—and a daugh∣ter,
Marian, married to James Carmichael of Hyndford.
He was succeeded by his son,
XVII. Sir MATTHEW CAMPBELL of Lou∣doun, high sheriff of Air,* who got charters, under the great seal, of many lands, inter 1552 et 1562.
Though he was a great promoter of the reformation, yet he was a faithful and steady friend of queen Mary, sought for her at the battle of Langside,* where her troops got a to∣tal defeat, and he was taken prisoner, anno 1568.
He married Isabel, daughter of sir John Page 425 Drummond of Innerpefsry, by whom he had two sons, and seven daughters.
1. Sir Hugh, afterwards lord Loudoun.
2. Matthew, who, being a man of a military genius, inclined to push his sortune in foreign countries, and signalized himself in the Ger∣man wars. He settled in Livonia, and assum∣ed the sirname of Loudoun from the heredi∣tary title of the noble family from whence he sprung; and of him marishal count Lou∣doun, now one of the chief commanders of the Imperial army in Germany, is lineally de∣scended.
1st daughter, Margaret, was married, 1st, to Robert Montgomery of Giffin, designed master of Eglington; 2dly, to Ludovick duke of Lennox.
2. Marian, married to Thomas lord Boyd, ancestor of the earls of Kilmarnock, the pre∣sent earl of Errol, &c.
3. Jean, married to sir John Wallace of Craigie.
4. Agnes, married to sir William Cunning∣hame of Caprington.
5. Isabel, married to William Crawfurd of Lochnorris.
6. Anne, married to Robert lord Kirkcud∣bright.
7. Annabella, married, 1st, to Daniel Ker of Kersland; 2dly, to David Dunbar of En∣terkin.
He died about the year 1572, and was suc∣ceeded by his eldest son,
XVIII. Sir HUGH CAMPBELL of Loudoun, high sheriff of Air,* who was possest of a vast estate, which appears by his charters under the great seal, inter 1580 et 1600.
He was a man of sine parts, and in great favour with king James VI. who appointed him one of the lords of his privy council,* created him a baronet and lord of parliament, by the title of lord Loudoun, the last day of June 1601.
He afterwards got charters under the great seal,*Hugoni domino Loudoun, of many lands, inter 1612 et 1616.
He married, 1st, Margaret, daughter of sir John Gordon of Lochinvar,* ancestor of vis∣count Kenmure, by whom he had a son,
George, master of Loudoun,—and three daughters.
1. Juliana, married to sir Colin Campbell of Glenurchy, ancestor of the earl of B•ea∣dalbane.
2. Isabel, married to sir John Maxwell of Pollock,
3. Margaret, married to John Kennedy of Blairquhan, Esq;.
He married, 2dly, lady Isabel Ruthven, daughter of William earl of Gowrie, widow of sir Robert Gordon of Lochinvar, by whom he had two daughters.
1.—, married to sir William Cun∣ninghame of Cunninghamhead.
2.—, married to David Crawfurd of Kerse, Esq;.
He married, 3dly, Margaret, daughter of sir David Home of Wedderburn, by whom he had no issue.
He died anno 1622, and was succeeded by his grand daughter Margaret, as will be shown hereafter.
XIX. GEORGE, master of Loudoun, only son and apparent heir of Hugh lord Loudoun, married lady Jean Fleming,* daughter of John earl of Wigton, by whom he had two daugh∣ters.
1. Margaret, afterwards baroness of Lou∣doun.
2. Anne, married to sir Hugh Campbell of Cesnock.
He died before his father, anno 1612, and was succeeded by his eldest daughter,
XX. MARGARET, who, upon the death of her grandfather, succeeded to the honours of Loudoun, anno 1622, as before observed.
Margaret, baroness of Loudoun, married John Campbell,* Esq; eldest son and heir of sir James Campbell of Lawers, son of sir John Campbell of Lawers, son of Archibald Camp∣bell of Lawers, son of James Campbell of Lawers, son of sir John Campbell of Lawers, who was son of Sir Colin Campbell first ba∣ron of Glenurchy, by his last wife Mar∣garet, daughter of sir Luke Stirling of Keir, &c. &c.
This John was a man of great abilities,* and much esteemed by king Charles I. who created him earl of Loudoun, lord Machlane, &c. 8th May 1633, by patent to his heirs∣male for ever.
He g•t charters under the great seal,*ter∣rarum de Kylesmure, and many others, Johan∣ni comiti de Loudoun, &c. inter 1633 et 1635.
As the earl was a man of staunch presby∣terian principles, he was deeply engaged with the covenanters during all the troublesome reign of king Charles I. yet he osten la∣boured most sincerely to bring about a paci∣fication, and accomodate matters betwixt the king and them.
At last, when a peace was concluded, and ratified in parliament in 1641, the king was so sensible of the good intentions and friend∣ly offices of the earl of Loudoun, that he con∣stituted him lord high chancellor of Scotland that same year.
Page 426 As the brevity of this work will not allow us to give a particular account of all the tran∣sactions of this great man in these unhappy times, we must refer our readers to the lives of the officers of state, page 195. &c. where his life is published at large; we shall only here observe,* that the parliament confirmed the chancellor's office to him, made him a pri∣vy councillor, and one of the committee of estates, all for life, anno 1641.
And though he was president of the coun∣cil in 1648 and 1649, yet none appeared more forward to bring about a restoration than the chancellor, and assisted at the coro∣nation of king Charles II.*anno 1651; for which, and his other loyal practices, he was deprived of his chancellor's office; both he and his son, the lord Machlane, were forfeited, and their estates sequestrate by Oliver Crom∣well, anno 1654.
He suffered many other hardships during the usurpation, yet lived to see the restora∣tion,* and immediately after obtained from king Charles II. a ratification of his gift of tithes, &c. 17th August 1660.
He sat in the Scotch parliament 1661, and died in March 1663.
By the said Margaret, baroness, afterwards countess of Loudoun, he left issue two sons, and two daughters.
1. James, his heir.
2. Mr. George Campbell, died unmarried.
1st daughter, lady Jean, married to George second earl of Panmure.
2. Lady Anne, married to John third lord Balmerino.
He was succeeded by his eldest son,
XXI. JAMES, second earl of Loudoun, who married lady Margaret Montgomery, daughter of Hugh seventh earl of Eglington, by whom he had three sons, and four daugh∣ters.
1. Hugh, his heir.
2. Colonel John Campbell of Shankstoun.
3. James, colonel of the regiment of Scotch grays, groom of the bed-chamber to king George II. governor of the castle of Edin∣burgh, major-general of his majesty's forces, &c. was, upon his military conduct and cou∣rage at the battle of Dettingen, anno 1743, made a knight of the most noble order of the bath, but was unfortunately killed at the battle of Fontenoy, anno 1745, leaving issue a son, by lady Jean Boyle his wife, daughter of David earl of Glasgow, &c.
1st daughter, lady Margaret, married to Colin earl of Balcarras.
2. Lady Jean, married to sir James Camp∣bell of Aberuchil, Bart.
3. Lady Christian, married to George Ross of Galston, Esq;.
4. Lady Eleanor, married, 1st, to James viscount Primrose; 2dly, to John earl of Stair.
He died anno 1683, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
XXII. HUGH, third earl of Loudoun, who came early into the revolution, and be∣ing in great favour with king William, was appointed one of the lords of his privy coun∣cil, anno 1693, sheriff of Air, bailie of Kyle, and one of the extraordinary lords of session, anno 1699.
He was by queen Anne constituted one of the lords of the privy council, anno 1703, one of the lords of the treasury, and knight of the most noble order of the thistle, anno 1704, one of the principal secretaries of state, anno 1705, and one of the commissioners for the treaty of union betwixt the two crowns, anno 1707.
After the conclusion thereof in 1708, the secretary's office was laid aside, and he was made keeper of the great seal, which office he enjoyed till 1713.
He was one of the privy council both to king George I. and II. and was lord lieute∣nant of Air-shire, anno 1715.
He was chosen one of the sixteen Scotch peers to the first seven British parliaments, and was high commissioner to the general as∣sembly of the church of Scotland for the years 1722, 1725, 1728, and 1731.
He had a pension of two thousand pounds per annum settled upon him for life, by king George II. anno 1727.
He married lady Margaret Dalrymple, daughter of John earl of Stair, by whom he had a son,
John, now earl of Londoun,—and two daughters.
1. Lady Betty Campbell.
2. Lady Margaret, married to John Camp∣bell of Shawfield, Esq; without issue.
He died anno 1732, and was succeeded by his only son,
XXIII. JOHN, fourth earl of Loudoun, who betaking himself to a military life, rose to the highest rank in the army.
He was appointed governour of Virginia, colonel of the 30th regiment of foot, liente∣nant-general and governor of Stirling castle, and one of the sixteen Scotch peers to the four last British parliaments; also to the pre∣sent, which was called to meet in 1761.
During the rebellion in 1745, he was ve∣ry active in his majesty's service; and in Page 427 1756 he was appointed general of all his ma∣jesty's forces in North America; and after settling the plan of operations; and the mea∣sures that have been since prosecuted with suc∣cess, he resigned, anno 1758, returned home, and is now commander in chief of all the British forces in Portugal.
Gironny of eight, gules and ermine, being the field of Crawsurd of Loudoun, who bore gules, a fess ermine.
CREST; on a wreath, an eagle displayed, with two heads gules, in a frame proper, look∣ing towards the sun with the dexter head.
SUPPORTERS; on the dexter side, a che∣vaher in armour, plumed on the head w••h three feathers gules, and holding a spear in his right hand; on the sinister, a lady nobly dres∣sed, plumed on the head with three feathers argent, and holding in her left hand a letter of challenge.
MOTTO; I bide my time.
At Loudoun-castle in Airshire, and Privy∣garden, London.