HOPE Earl of HOPETON.
THE sirname of Hope is of great antiqui∣ty in Scotland.
John de Hope flourished in the reign of king Alexander III. and was afterwards forced to swear fealty to king Edward I. of England,* when he over-run Scotland, anno 1296.
Another John de Hope is mentioned in Rymer's soedera Angliae, and got a protection from king Henry IV. of England,*anno 1405.
Thomas de Hope got a charter from king James III. of some lands lying near Leith,* in January 1488.
There are many others of the sirname of Hope to be sound in the publick records, but as we cannot connect them with this noble family, we proceed to deduce their descent by good authority from,
1. JOHN de HOPE, who is said to have come from France in the retinue of princess Magdalene,* queen to king James V.
He settled in Scotland, having married Bet∣ty Cummin, (but of what family we know not) by whom he had a son,*
II. EDWARD HOPE, who was one of the most considerable inhabitants of the city of E∣dinburgh, in the reign of queen Mary, and be∣ing a great promoter of the reformation,* was chosen one of the commissioners for that me∣tropolis to the general assembly, anno 1560.
He was father of,
III. HENRY HOPE, who, having applied himself to the business of commerce, did great Page 349 service to his country, and acquired a conside∣rable estate to himself in the mercantile way.
He went often to Holland, where he carri∣ed on a very advantageous trade,* and then married Jacque de Tott, a French lady, whom he brought with him to Scotland, and by her had a son,
IV. Sir THOMAS HOPE, designed of Crai∣giehall, a man of great parts and learning, who, being bred to the law, became so eminent in that profession, that even when a young man, he was pitched upon to plead the cause of the presbyterian ministers,* who were indicted for denying the king's authority in matters eccle∣siastical, anno 1606.
He acquitted himself so much to the satis∣faction of the clergy, that he was ever after ad∣vised in all their councils,* and was the oracle of their party.
He got charters, under the great seal, magistro Thomae Hope advocato,*et Johanni Hope, ejus filio, terrarum dominicalium de Edmonstoun, baroniae de Prestongrange, &c. &c. inter 1608 et 1615.
Also charters of the lands of Kinninmonth, Ladeddys easter and wester, the lands of Ar∣nydie, the lands of Kinkell, with the office of bai∣lliary of the provostry of Kirkhaugh, the church lands of Ceres, with the whole lands and ba∣ronies of Craigiehall, Grantham, and many o∣thers,* too numerous to be here inserted, inter 1616 et 1624.
In the end of the reign of king James VI. he was appointed joint king's advocate with sir William Oliphant, who dying soon there∣after, he was made sole advocate by king Charles I. anno 1627,* and created knight and baronet by the same Prince.
He got a new charter of confirmation from king Charles I. domino Thomae Hope, of all the above named lands and baronies; also char∣ters of many others, together with all mines, minerals,* coals, &c. upon his whole estates, inter 1627 et 1642.
Upon the breaking out of the civil war, he attached himself entirely to the parliament's side, and was by them appointed a privy coun∣cillor, and advocate for life,*anno 1641, also planter of kirks, &c.
But it seems the king did not suspect him of disloyalty, for he appointed him high com∣missioner to the general assembly,*anno 1643, then an office of high trust and estimation; and to which dignity no commoner hath at∣tained since.
In 1635, he was made one of the commis∣sioners of exchequer.* He died in the end of the year 1646, and left considerable estates to all his sons, three of whom being lords of the session, while their father sir Thomas was king's advocate, it was thought indecent that he should plead uncovered before them; which was the origin of the privilege the king's ad∣vocates have ever since enjoyed, of pleading with their hats on if they please.
Sir Thomas was a man of very great abili∣ties, and his works extant are still highly e∣steemed, and sufficiently show his extensive knowledge of our laws.
By Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of John Bennet of Wallingford, Esq; he lest issue four sons and two daughters.
1. Sir John Hope of Craigiehall, who suc∣ceded him, and carried on the line of that fa∣mily, which is now represented by sir John Bruce Hope of Kinross, baronet, and of which Thomas Hope of Rankillor, Esq &c. are de∣scended.
2. Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse, baronet, an∣cestor of the Hopes of Kerse, &c.
3. Sir Alexander Hope of Grantham, who was cup-bearer to king Charles I.
4. Sir James Hope of Hopeton, ancestor of this noble family; to whom, and his issue, we shall consine these memoirs, and give an account of the descendents of the other bro∣thers in the second volume of this work.
1st daughter, Mary, married to sir Charles Erskine of Alva.
2. Anne, married to David lord Cardross, ancestor of the earl of Buchan.
V. Sir JAMES HOPE of Hopeton, fourth son of sir Thomas Hope of Craigiehall, was a man of good parts, and being bred to the law, was likeways a great proficient in that study. He was also a good alchymist, and the first who brought the art of mining to any degree of perfection in Scotland.
He was made governor of the mint,*anno 1641, by king Charles I.
He was afterwards, by the parliament, ap∣pointed one of the general commissaries of the committee for public accounts, one of the re∣visers of the laws, one of the senators of the college of justice, with power to hold courts in the mint-house,* and one of the last commit∣tee of estates, anno 1649.
He was also, by Oliver Cromwell,* consti∣tuted one of the commissioners for the sale of the forfeited estates in Scotland, anno 1654.
He married, 1st, Anne, daughter of John Foulis of Leadhills, Esq; in Lanarkshire, by whom he had many children, but none surviv∣ed him except
John, his heir,—and a daughter,
Rachael, married to David Bethune of Bal∣sour, Esq; an ancient family in the county of Fife.
He married, 2dly, lady Mary Keith, eldest Page 350 daughter of William, seventh earl Marishall, by whom he had another son,
Sir William Hope of Balcomie, baronet, deputy-governor of the castle of Edinburgh.
He died 1661, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
VI. JOHN HOPE of Hopeton, a man of great learning, worth and merit, and highly esteemed by king Charles II. and his bro∣ther the duke of York, afterwards king James VII.
He got charters under the great seal, Johan∣ni Home de Hopeton,*terrarum barroniae de Hopeton, cum mineralibus, &c. &c. inter 1661 et 1680.
He married lady Margaret Hamilton, daugh∣ter of John earl of Haddington, by whom he had a son,
Charles, afterwards earl of Hopeton,— and a daughter,
Heleanor, married to Thomas earl of Had∣dington.
He was much at the court of king Charles II. and attended the duke of York in his voyage to Scotland, but had the misfortune to be cast away, with several of the Scotch nobility, his royal highness narrowly escaping in the boat, anno 1682.
He was succeeded by his son,
VII. CHARLES HOPE of Hopeton, who, as soon as he became of age, was elected mem∣ber of parliament for Linhthgowshire, he be∣ing heretable sheriff of that county; and was, by queen Anne, appointed one of the privy council to her majesty,* and raised to the dig∣nity of the peerage, by the titles of earl of Hopeton, viscount Aithrie, and lord Hope, 15th April 1703, by patent, to the heirs-male of his body; which failing, to the heris∣female, &c.
He was appointed lord lieutenant of the county of Linlithgow, anno 1715; and anno 1723, his majesty's commissioner to the ge∣neral assembly.
He was elected one of the sixteen Scotch peers for Scotland to the British parliament anno 1722; was re-elected to every parlia∣ment thereafter as long as he lived, and was made a knight of the most noble and antient order of the thistle, anno 1738.
He married lady Henriet Johnston, daugh∣ter of William marquis of Annandale, by whom he left two sons and six daughters.
1. John, now earl of Hopeton.
2. Charles, who was elected knight of the shire of Linlithgow, anno 1743, and hath been re-elected for that county to every parliament since. He was appointed commissary, or mu∣ster-master-general of Scotland anno 1744, and is now governor of Blackness castle. He married, 1st, the daughter and heiress of sir William Weir of Blackwood, baronet, by whom he hath issue two sons and one daugh∣ter. He married, 2dly, lady Anne Vane, daughter of Henry earl of Darlington, by whom he hath issue two sons.
The earl's 1st daughter, lady Sophia, was second wife to James earl of Finlater and Sea∣field.
2. Lady Henriet, married to Francis lord Napier.
3. Lady Margaret, married to John Dun∣das of Duddingston, Esq;.
4. Lady Christian, married to Thomas Graham of Balgowan, Esq;.
5. Lady Helen, married to James Watson of Saughton, Esq;.
6. Lady Charlotte, married to Thomas lord Erskine, son and heir of John earl of Marr.
He died anno 1741, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
VIII. JOHN, second earl of Hopeton.
He was appointed his majesty's high com∣missioner to the general assembly of the church of Scotland, anno 1754.
He married lady Anne Ogilvie, daughter of James earl of Finlater, by his first wife lady Elizabeth Hay, daughter of Thomas earl, of Kinnoul, his issue by whom was four sons and three daughters.
1. Charles, lord Hope.
2. Mr. James.
3. Mr. John, who died young.
4. Mr. Henry.
1st daughter, lady Betty, married to Henry marquis of Drumlanrig, son and heir apparent of Charles duke of Queensberry, but died without issue.
2. Lady Henriet.
3. Lady Sophia.
Azure, on a cheveron, betwixt three bes∣ants or, charged with a bay leaf proper.
CREST; a broken globe, surmounted of a rainbow, all proper.
SUPPORTERS; two women, their hair hanging down, with loose garments, holding anchors in their hands.
MOTTO; At spes non sracta.
At Hopeton house, a fine seat in West Lo∣thian, Ormiston-hall in East Lothian, &c. &c. &c.