The history of Newcastle upon Tyne: or, the ancient and present state of that town. By the late Henry Bourne, ...
Bourne, Henry, 1696-1733.
Page  81

CHAP. VIII. Of PILGRIM-STREET.

THIS Street got it's Name from the Pilgrims, who came from all parts of this Kingdom to worship at our Lady's Chapel at aGesmond.

THERE was an Inn in this Street, which the Pilgrims in their Journey were wont to call at, which occasioned their constant coming up this Street, and so it got it's Name of Pilgrim-street, as the Inn did that of the Pilgrims Inn. As you descend this Street, you have on the left Hand a Passage to the Carliol-croft, which is a large Field (formerly the Property of the Carliols, now of John Rogers, Esq) bounded on one Side with the Town's Walls, and on the other by the Gardens on this Side of Pilgrim-street.

ON that Side of it, next the Town-Wall is a very agreeable Walk, gene∣rally frequented in a Summer's Evening by the Gentry of this Part of the Town; The Prospect of the Gardens, some of which are exceeding Curious, afford∣ing a good deal of Pleasure.

THERE is a Passage from this Field into the Manour-Chare.

Page  82In the Year 1351, Sir* Alexander of Hilton, and Matilda his Wife, the two Patrons of the Chapel of Ges∣monde, presented to it one Sir William of Heighington to be Chap∣lain, who was accordingly instituted by Thomas Hatfield, Bishop of Durham, and after that inducted; as was attested at Auckland, June the 12th, 1351. But on the 27th of the Month following he gave it up, declaring he had no right or Title to it. The Copy of the Original of this Account I had from Dr. Hunter of Durham, and is as follows.

UNiversis S. Matris filiis, ad quos praesentes, Literae pervene∣rint. Thomas permissione Divina Dunelm' Episcopus salu∣tem in amplexibus Salvatoris. Noverit Universitas Vestra quod nos dilectum nobis in Christo Dom' Willielmum de Heighyngton Capellanum ad Liberam Capellam de Jesmuth infra Parochiam Novocastri Dunelm' Dioces' situatam, ad quam per Dom' Alex∣andrum, de Hilton Militem & Matildam Uxorem ejus veros Pa∣tronos ejusdem nobis presentatus existit, admissimus & ipsum in capellanum perpetuum ejusdem Canonice instituimus in eadem, ipsum{que} Corporalem possessionem ejusdem induci fecimus, cum suis juribus & pertinentiis universis. In cujus rei Testimoni∣um Sigillum nostrum fecimus hiis aponi. Dat' apud Auckland, 120 Die Mensis Junii Ao Dom' 1351, & nostrae consecrationis septimo.

Memorand' quod 27 die Mensis Julii Anno Dom' 1351 infra Manerium de Auckland, Dictus Dominus Willielmus renunciavit omni Juri & omnimodi auctoritati quod & quam in praedicta Capella vel ad eam habuit, seu quovis modo habere poterit in futurum, asserens se nullum habuisse unquam nec habere titulum in hac parte.

To this Village it was that a great Number of the People of Newcastle, headed by some of the Aldermen, and principal Men of the Town, came to kill the Prior of Tinmouth, in the first of the Reign of King Henry the Eighth; as may be seen in that Year.

In the 3d of Edw. 6th, the Town got a Grant of the Chapel of the Blessed Mary of Jesmond, and some Messuages and Lands in Jesmond; under an annual Rent of 3 s. 4 d. payable out of some Lands in old Heaton, and the Chapel or Chantery of St. Laurence, with the Messuages called St. Laurence and Little St. Anne's Close, and Lands in Byker, then in the Possession of Henry Winklive, and Lands in Killingworth, then in the Possession of John Humley, an annual Rent 4 s. payable oat of the Lands of the then Christopher Mitford, in Old-Heaton.

These were granted in Consideration of 144 l. 13 s. 4 d.

In the same Year the Mayor and Burgesses granted the Hospital of the Blessed Mary of Jesmond, with the Lands and Grounds belonging to it, to Sir John Brandling, his Heirs and Assigns for ever.

The Gentleman of this Place at present is William Coulson, Esq who lately built a very pretty House, and accommodated it with Gardens.

St. Mary's Well in this Village, which is said to have had as many Steps down to it, as there are Articles in the Creed, was lately inclos'd by Mr. Coulson for a Bathing-Place; which was no sooner done than the Water left it. This occasioned strange Whispers in the Village and the adjacent Place. The Well was always esteemed of more Sanctity than common Wells, and therefore the Failing of the Water could be looked upon its nothing less than a just Revenge for so great a Prophanation. But alas! the Miracle's at an End, for the Water returned a-while ago in as great Abundance as ever.

Sect. I.

ON the Right-hand, as you descend from this Gate of Pilgrim-street, is the High-Frier-Chare, which leads into Newgate-street. There was in this Lane a Fryery, which occasioned it's Name.

IT was situated somewhere about Ficket-Tower, which is the next round Tower to Pilgrim-gate.

THIS appears from the Account of the Ward belonging to this Tower, a Part of which is as follows; It shall have to Ward, &c. with all Grey-Fryer-Chare, from the Barras, opposite to the Ficket-Tower, and the North Kirk Door of the said Fryery, Westward, and no farther Eastward in that Lane.

GREY in this Part of the Town says, that in the Upper-part of this Street is a Princely House, built out of the Ruins of the Black-Fryers.

THIS is contrary to the Authority above, where it is called the Grey-Fryer-Chare.

Page  83AND besides it is contrary to several ancient Writings, which call this Chare Vicus qui ducit ad Fratres minores, or the Chare of the dGrey-Fryers, so that it is as great a Mistake to place the Black-Fryers here, as to say the Grey-Fryers were placed in Westgate. Their Situation, according to the Authority above, must have been in the Garden of Walter Blacket, Esq in that Part of it which is opposite to Ficket-Tower, and the rest of that Garden must have been the Garden and other Conveniencies of this Monastery. This House was founded by the Family of the Carliols, in the Reign of King Henry the 3d, for they were (as appears from ancient Writings) a Regular and well settled Body in the Year 1267.

THEY were originally Merchants of this Town, and afterwards landed Men.

TWO of this Family succeeded Peter Scott, (who was the First Mayor of Newcastle, and Mayor for three Years) from the Year 1254, to the Year 1269.

THIS Situation is also confirmed by the Milbank Manuscript which says, that this Fryery was near to Pilgrim-street-gate, and that there is a little Lane be∣tween it and the Walls, wherein there is an Alms-house; but now both the Fryery and it are converted to private Uses.

THIS Alms-house flourished as late as Queen Mary's Days, for 'tis said in a Writing belonging to Mr. Richard Wall of this Town, the Proprietor of these Houses, that in the Year 1555/6, in the Reign of Philip and Mary it was inha∣bited by poor Religious Women; Inhabitant nuncPauperes mulieres Deo servientes.

THE Grey-Fryers, or as they are properly called the Franciscans, received their Name from St. Francis, born in the Dutchy of Spoletum in Italy, who was canonized by Pope Gregory the Ninth; about two Years after whose Death the Franciscans came into England, and one Diggs, (Ancestor of Sir Dudley Diggs) bought for them their first Seat in Canterbury.

THIS Order for School Divinity beat all other Orders, and had a Curious Library in London (built by Richard Whittington) in that Age, costing 550 l. They afforded in England 110 learned Writers. Fuller.

WHILST this Order flourish'd in England, this Province was divided into 7 Pacts or Districts called Custodies, because each of them was governed by the Provincial, who had charge of them all, by a particular superior, called Custos, or Keeper, who had the Power over all the Convents within his District or Custody. The 7 Custodies are as follows, The Custody or Wardenship of London had nine Convents, That of York seven Monasteries, That of Cambridge seven Monasteries, That of Newcastle nine Monasteries (viz.) The Custody or Wardenship of Newcastle of the English Province of the Franciscans, Grey-Fryers, or Fryers Minors, had nine Monasteries.

  • NEWCASTLE Monastery in Northumberland dedicated to St. Francis.
    • DUNDEE,
    • DUMFRIES
    • HADDINGTON
    Monasteries in Scotland.
  • CARLISLE Monastery Cumberland.
  • HARTLEPOOL Monastery in the Bishoprick of Durham.
  • Page  84BERWICK Monastery in Northumberland.
  • ROSEBURG Monastery in Scotland.
  • RICHMOND Monastery in the County of Richmond in Yorkshire.

THIS Monastry of Newcastle was conventual, but Henry the 7th made them Observants, b and therefore by Harpsfield is said to be built by him. Stephens, 2 Addit. Vol. 2d.

AMONGST the learned Men of this Order, we meet with those of New∣castle.

JOHN Scotus alias Duns, or Duns Scotus; there was much Controversy whether he was an English-Man, a Scot, or an Irish-Man. He was a Man of a mean Fortune, of a Wit made for Learning, and wonderful Subtle and Sharp. When he had studied some Years with great Advantage at Oxford, he returned into Northumberland, his native Country, as some will have it, and took upon him the Habit of St. Francis at Newcastle. Being afterwards sent to Oxford, he again fell to his Studies with great Vehemency, 'till he ar∣rived to be Doctor and Professor of Divinity. Thus he 1st expounded the Master of Sentences at Oxford; and afterwards, in the Year 1304, being ap∣pointed Professor at Paris, by the General of the Order, in the Chapter in Toulouse, he there taught a Course of Divinity. Thirdly, he did the same at Cologne with wonderful Applause; at which Time there arose at Cologne the Controversy about the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whether she was conceived in original Sin or not? All the followers of Albertus Magnus af∣firm'd, that she was; Scotus and his Adherents positively asserted the contrary. Here it was that he gained the Title of Dr. Subtilis; he publish'd a Lecture on Genesis. Commentaries on the Gospels in 4 Books. Several Books on the Epi∣stles of St. Paul. Sermons of Saints, and of Particular Times. Two or three Pieces on the Master of Sentences. Quodlibets. Theological Disputations, Of the Knowledge of God. Of the Perfection of States. On all Aristotle's Works; and many other Things. Addit. Seph. Vol. I. p. 98.

HE dy'd miserably, 1309, being taken with an Apoplectick Fit, and too hastily buried: For, Nature having too late wrought through the Distemper, he vainly mourn'd for Assistance, 'till, at last, beating his Head against the Tomb-stone, he dash'd out his Brains, and so expir'd. Whereupon a certain Italian wrote thus of him;

Quaecunque humani suerant, jurisque Sacrati
In dubium veniunt cuncta vocante Scoto
Quid? quod & in debium illius sit vita vocata
Morte illum simili ludificante Strophâ.
Quum non ante virum vita ingularat adempta
Quam vivus Tumulo conditus ille foret.
What sacred Writings or prophane can shew,
All Truths were (Scotus) call'd in doubt by you,
Your Fate was doubtful too: Death boasts to be
The first that chous'd you with a Falacy;
Who, least your Subtle Art your Life should save,
Before she struck, secur'd you in the Grave.

THAT he was born here in England I affirm upon the Authority of his own Manuscript Works in the Library of Merton-College, Oxford, which con∣cludes thus,

Explicit Lectura, Subtula, &c.

Page  85HERE ends the Lecture of John Duns, called Doctor Subtilis in the Uni∣versity of Paris, who was born in a certain Hamlet in the Parish of Emeldon, called Dunston, in the County of Northumberland, belonging to the House of the Scholars of Merton-Hall. Gib. pag. 860.

HUGH of Newcastle, is so call'd, that being the Place of his Birth: he was commonly Sirnamed the Scholastick Doctor; he was a Franciscan, and a diligent Follower, and zealous Defender of John Scotus; he took upon him the Habit at Newcastle; he was one of the Fourteen about Scotus's Tomb; he publish'd some Things on the Master of Sentences, of the Last Judgment, of the Victory against Antichrist; he lived about the Year 1320. Stephens's 1st Add. Vol. P. 99.

MARTIN Alnwick, of the Town of that Name in Northumberland, took the Habit of St. Francis, at Newcastle, in his Youth; being afterwards sent to study Philosophy and Divinity at Oxford, he acquired notable Knowledge in both, and was made Doctor of Divinity, and Reader of the same among his own Brethren; he writ Disputations on the Master of Sentences, and died in the Monastery at Newcastle. He flourished about 1336, 1st Addit. Vol. P. 99.

THE Franciscans of Newcastle were prevailed upon to surrender (for the Ab∣bies above the Value of two hundred Pounds, were not within the Statute of Suppressing, as were the lesser Abbies) on January the 9th, in the 30th Hen. 8th, it consisted of a Warden, eight Fryers, and two Novices.

Sect. II

THE House Grey mentioned, was built out of the Ruins of this Fryery; except the North and South Ends of it, which were built by Sir Wm. Blacket, Bart, the Grand Father of the present Possessor Walter Blacket, Esq

THE Authority above says also, that it is a Princely House, and indeed it is no less than very stately and magnificent; being supposed the most so of any House in the whole Kingdom, within a walled Town. It is surrounded with a vast Quantity of Ground; that Part of it which Faces the Street, is thrown into Walks and Grass Plats, beautified with Images, and beset with Trees, which afford a very pleasing Shade: The other Part of the Ground on the West Side of it, is all a Garden, exceedingly neat and curious, adorned with many and the most beautiful Statues, and several other Curiosities.

BUT this House is not more remarkable or memorable, upon any Account, than for it's having been the Lodgings of King Charles the First, whilst he was Prisoner at this Town.

ON this same Side of the Street, a little below the House now mentioned, is the Upper-Dean-Bridge, which leads into the Middle-street, Pullen-market, Flesh-market, &c. From hence downwards is the most beautiful Part of the Street, the Houses on each Side of it being most of them very pretty, neat, and regular; such are the Houses of Mr. Edward Harl, Mr. Thomas Biggs, John Rogers, Esq Thomas Clennell, Esq Nicholas Fenwick, Esq Nathaniel Clay∣ton, Esq Edward Collingwood, Esq Mr. Perith, Mr. John White, John Ogle, Esq Mr. Thomas Waters, Matthew White, Esq &c. But there is one House in particular, which must be distinguished from the others for it's great Anti∣quity, and that is the House above-mentioned, called the Pilgrim's Inn: It is on the West Side of the Street, and adjoins to the North Side of the House Page  86of Mr. Edward Callingwood, just now mentioned, and is exactly 116 Yards one Foot, from the Southmost Corner of Upper-Dean-Bridge: It is holden of the Dean and Chapter of Durham, and belongs at present to Mr.James Hargrave.

Sect. III.

BELOW this House, on the other Side of the Street, is a Lane called, Manour Chare, which leads from Pilgrim-street to St. Austin Fryers.

A little below the East-end of this Chare, on the Right Hand, is the Tay∣lors Meeting-house: It was formerly at the very End of the Chare, in that House which Fronts Pilgrim-street, which by the Marks still remaining of a large Window, seems to have been a Chapel, as well as by the Tradition of the People thereabouts. There is a Writing in the Custody of this ancient Fraternity, which I have copied for the Curiosity of it, and is as follows.

TO THE WORSHIP OF GOD, and the Sustentation of the Procession of Corpus Christi Plays in the Town of Newcastle upon Tyne, after the laudable and antient Custom of the said Town; and for the avoiding of Disention and Dis∣cord that hath been amongst the Crafts of the said Town, as of Manslaughter and Murder, and other Mischiefs in Time coming, which hath been lately attempted a∣mongst the Fellowship of the said Crafts of the Taylors of the said Town: And to in∣duce Love, Charity, Peace, and right amongst the said Fellowship from henceforth, the Eight Day of October, in the Year of our Lord GOD 1536, it is assented, agreed, and fully concluded, and accorded by all the whole Fellowship of the said Craft of Taylors then being, and that in Time to come, shall abide and dwell in the said Town of Newcastle, Robert Brandling, then Mayor, John Wren, Sheriff, Thomas Horsley, James Lawson, Gilbert Middleton, Henry Ainsley, Peter Chater, and Andrew Bewick, Aldermen, and Sir Thomas Tempest, Knt. Re∣corder of the said Town; that is to say, First, it is agreed and ordained, that every Man that has been an Apprentice in the said Town, and has fully served his Years of Apprenticohood, by the Purport of the Taylors register and record of his Master, shall be admitted to set up Shop of Taylors Craft and Work, paying at the Begin∣ning, after the old Use and Custom to the Fellowship of the said Craft, a Pot of Oyl to the said Fellowship, and Yearly to the Stewards of the said Fellowship, Thir∣teen Pence to our Lady Light, whilst he shall be of Power, and Dwelling in the said Town, or within 12 Miles of the same; Thirteen Pence to the Play every Year, when it shall be played; and that every Steward, Apprentice, Journeyman, or Hireman, working by the Week Four Pence a Year; and that every Hireman by the whole Year, or half Year, Three Pence to the Play every Year, when it shall be played.

ALSO, it is ordained, that every Man of the same Craft, Born and Free with∣in the said Town of Newcastle, that was never an Apprentice in the said Town, shall be admitted to set up Shop of Taylors Craft within the same Town, for Forty Pounds, and to pay one Pound of Wax to the Fellowship of the said Craft, and a Pot of Oyl at his first Admittance; saying also Thirteen Pence to the Lady Light, Eight Pence to the Play, as is aforesaid: And if any of the said Fellowship would take excess for their Hand Labour, or if any will not give them a reasonable Rate for their Hand Labour, the said Twelve Sworn Men shall ponder and assess, duly and truly the Hand Labour, at reasonable Prices for their Work; And that none of the said Fellowship Work in their Craft upon the Saturday after Eight of the Clock at Evening, and keep Holy the Sunday, the Vigils, and Festival Days, upon Pain of Six Pound of Wax for every Default.

Page  87ALSO, it is ordained, that every Man of the said Fellowship, upon Corpus Christi Day, shall come to the Procession of the Time assigned, and if he come not to the Fellowship before the Procession past, to pay a Pound of Wax; and if he come not before the Procession be ended, to pay two Pound of Wax. Also that he come in his Livery, if he be warned so to do, upon Pain of a Pound of Wax: And also that none of the said Craft shall have Livery, nor go in Procession with the said Fellowship, before he hath holden Shop in the said Town by a whole Year; to the intent, that his good Conditions and Demeanours shall be known.

ALSO, it is ordained, that he that pays not his Yearly Thirteen Pence to our Lady Light, upon St. John's Day in May, he shall pay a Pound of Wax to the same Light, over and above the said Thirteen Pence; and if he pay it not by Corpus Christi Day, then we and Fellowship following, if he be of Power so to do; and that amongst the Fellowship well known, he to be discharged of his Livery, or to make reasonable Fine for it.

ALSO, it is ordained, that all the Taylors now in Being, and that in Time com∣ing, shall be dwelling as Fellows in the said Town, shall every Year, at the Feast of Corpus Christi Day, go together in a Livery, and play their Play, at their own Costs, after the Ordinance of their Stewards.

ALSO, it is ordained that every Brother of the said Fellowship come in his Li∣very, when he shall be warned by their Beadle; that is to say, to the Procession upon Corpus Christi Day, St. John in May, the Day that the Plays shall be play'd, and upon the Day of their general Meeting; and that the Fellowship dispose them to have a Mass and a Dirge for the Brethren of the said Fellowship, and other Meetings to be assigned; and that at the Even of the Day of the making of the same, shall a Dirge be done, and a Mass for the Brethren of the said Fellow∣ship; and likewise shall a Dirge be done, and a Mass upon the Morn for all the Brethren and Sisters of the said Fellowship, passed, present: And that he that is of the said Craft, and not admitted to their Fellowship, who for any Cause induceing him, will have the Fellowship assembled, shall pay to their Beadle Two Pence for assembling them.

ALSO, it is ordained, that when any Man of the Livery of the said Fellowship dyes, their Light shall go a-fore him to the Church at his Burial, and abide in the Church lighted the Mass Time, and whilst he be buried; And if there be a Dirge done, the Light not to be lighted at the Dirge Time: And when a Man's Wife of the said Livery dyes, the half of the Light shall go before her, in the said Form; and if the whole Light go a-fore her, then to pay Forty Pence to the said Fellowship, for the burning of the Light and warning it, and that the Stewards shall be there to govern the Light: And if any of the said Fellowship, reasonably warned to be there, abide not while the Mass be done, he shall pay a Pound of Wax, if he has not a reasonable excuse, to be allowed by the Stewards. And when any of the said Li∣veries shall be Wedded, if any of the said Fellowship, reasonably warned to be there, comes and abides not while the Mass is done, he shall pay a Pound of Wax, unless that he have a reasonable Excuse to be found, at the Discretion of the Stewards.

MOREOVER, if it happens that any of the said Fellowship, being in the Li∣very, do Dye, and his good Friends will cause a Mass and a Dirge to be done for him, of their proper Cost, every Year of the Day of their Burial: If it please the said Friends of the said Brother, so Dead, to warn the Stewards; then the Beadle shall go to all the Brethren of the said Craft and Livery, and warn them to be at the Mass and Dirge, if it be done on one Day of their Livery, and them to abide the Dirge and Mass Time, upon Pain of Three Pence, without a reasonable Ex∣cuse provable; and if the Dirge be done the Night a-fore, to be at the Mass on the Morrow, and at the Dirge at their Pleasure.

IN WITNESS whereof to the said whole Fellowship and Brethren of the said Craft, severally have set their Seals, and the said Mayor and Sheriff have set their Seals of Office, and likewise the said Alderman to this Ordinance have set their Page  88 Seals, and written their own Names with their own Hand, the last Day of Janu∣ary, and in the Twenty Eighth Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord King Henry, after the Conquest of England, the Eighth.

A little below this Hall of the Taylors, and the Appurtenances thereof, was probably the House of Laurentius Acton, which border'd on the South, upon the House of the present Mr. Thomas Waters. This Laurentius was Mayor of Newcastle 1433, 1435, 1436, 1437, in the Reign of Henry the 6th. Opposite to this House of Laurentius Action, is the Market for Wheat and Rye, every Tuesday and Saturday.

BELOW this again are three narrow Lanes, two on the West-side of the Street, and one on the East: Those on the West are the Nether-Dean-Bridge, leading into St. Nicholas Church-yard, which has been spoken of before, and the Painter-Hugh, or as it is called in a Writing, as old as Edward the Third's Reign, Payntourhogh, which leads into the Street called the Side. It is from Pilgrim-street a very great Descent into the Side; but it is made tollerably easy, by having Stairs on one Side of it. It seems to have got it's Name from the River flowing by the Bottom of it up to the Nether-Dean-Bridge, &c. For Hugh signifies a Steep-Hill, or Bank, and Painter is a Term made use of by the Sailors for a Rope, which they fasten the Boat with. This Street therefore was called the Painter-Hugh, because it was the Hugh which the Painters were made fast to.

ONE William Porter had a House at the End of this Street, which he granted to John de Chambers, a Burgess of this Town, in the Reign of King Edward the Third, Anno 1361, on Condition that he paid to the Prioress and Convent of Lambly, eighteen Shillings per Annum.

THE other Lane or Street, on the East of this Street, is Silver-street, close by the North-side of All-hallows Church-yard; it leads into Pandon. It is said, but very improbably, to have got it's Name of Silver-street, because of the Fish-market, which was kept a little below it, at the Stock-Bridge. It was anciently called All-Hallowgate, for All-Hallowgate is said to be Ex parte Boreali Ecclesiae omnium Sanctorum; it was also called Temple-gate. Mr. Nicholas Lamb, whose House is in this Street, finds it called Jewgate, in his Writings; but when, or for what Reason it bore that Name, I know not.

WE come now to the Church of All-Hallows, which stands a little below Silver-street, and on the same Side of the Street with it, viz. at the very Bot∣tom of this Pilgrim-street.

Sect. IV. Of ALL-HALLOWS CHURCH.

WHO this Church was founded by, I have met with no Account, nor any of the Time it was built in; only this is certain, it must have been built before the Year 1286, but how long before, I know not. For in that Year I meet with an Account of c the Church-yard of All-Hallows, which is a plain Proof that the Church was then in Being.

GREY is of Opinion that it was dedicated to All-Hallows, or All-Saints, from the ancient Name of that Part of the Town Pampedon, which he says was so called from 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉; imagining, I suppose, that it was so cal∣led Page  89 of the Romans,* (who inhabited this Part of the Town) after the Temple at Rome, the Pantheon, which was dedicated to all the Gods.

THIS Church is seated upon a Hill, which is much about the same Height with the Situation of St. Mary's in Gateshead, and upon the same Line with it.

IT is not so long as St. Nicholas, being only 55 Yards, one Foot, a Quar∣ter long; but it is broader, as being 25 Yards, two Foot broad. The Steeple is but or a mean Height, being a Square Tower, with only one Spire arising from it. The Bells belonging to this Church were founded in the Year 1696. They were cast out of the Metal of that famous Statue of King James the Second, which stood on the Sand-Hill. They were founded in the Ground belonging to St. Austin Fryers, in that Part of it, which is in the Back-side of the Hospital of the Holy Jesus. Their Sound is not so Melodious as the o∣thers in this Town, but the Note is exceedingly exact, and more tuneful than the others.

WHATEVER Robert Rhodes did to this Steeple, his Name is under the Bel∣fry of it, as at St. Nicholas. In one of the Registers belonging to this Church of All-Hallows, we have the following Account. About the Round where the Bells are drawn up into the Bell-house in the Steeple, there is written, Orate pro anima Roberti Rhodes. His Arms are also without, at the East-end of the Church, on the Breast of an Angel; which, as I take it, is a Tyger, or Grey-hound on a Chief, and three Annulets on the Escutcheon. The like is in St. Nicholas Church, &c. In St. John's also, on the Out-side of the South Porch, over-against the Alms-house, there is on a Square, Orate pro anima Roberti Rhodes. I have also seen the same in Tinmouth Castle in a Round, on the North-side, after you are within the Gate, upon the Wall; which be-like was in some Part of that great Church, when it was a Cell of St. Alban's.

UPON the East-end of the Chancel, in the South-east Window, there was the Picture of our Saviour at large, but in the Time of the Rebellion it was wholly taken away.

NEXT to it, as you go up the South-side; there was the Picture of a Boy standing upon chequer'd Pavement, as it seemed, and on the Glass under him,

Like as the Jamen moist and cold,
Is full of Tempest Day by Day,
So is one Child of ten Years old,
Hath no Understanding, but all on Play.

THE same Authority adds, I suppose the rest of the Months were also in this Window in former Times, but I have seen it only; and it was taken a∣way also in the Time of the Rebellion.

IN the Window above the South Door, which leads into the Quire, to∣wards the Porch, were the Pictures of Roger Thornton's Children, Two Men and Three Women Kneeling at Altars. There remain now only Two of the Women.

THERE are higher up this Isle, in the Windows towards the Porch some Characters, one is like an (I) with an (S) through it, and other Three Chara∣cters, which are the Merchants Skin-mark, for they are but a little Different from the Skin-mark, which is upon the Stone of Christopher Elmer. It is a Token that some Merchant was a Benefactor to the Church, and perhaps some Part of the South Wall of the Church: I take it to be the Skin-mark of Roger Thornton, for the very same is in the Chantery of St. Peter, over-against his Tomb.

TRADITION says, that from the West-end of the Vestry to the Porch, the old South Wall was taken away, and rebuilt further into the Church-yard Page  90 by Roger de Thornton. That the old Wall was farther into the Church than the Wall now is, is plain from the Piece of it now remaining, which is on the East-end of the Vestry; and I think the Pictures in the Windows a∣bove-mentioned, is a good Confirmation of the Truth of the Tradition of the Builder. In that Window next the Porch Door, but one, there have been the Pictures of the Twelve Apostles. There are now only remaining St. Matthew, St. James the Less, St. Andrew, St. Philip, St. James Major, and another.

THERE are three Galleries in this Church, one on the West-end, and, another on the East-end of the Nave, and the other in the North-Isle. That on the West-end was built in the Year 1712. The Organ which was plac'd in the middle of it was built at the same Time. It is a very long Gallery, and by much the most beautiful in the Church. On the North-end of it are the Seats of the Children belonging to the Charity-School. The Gallery on the West-end, is called the Butchers Gallery.

THE other Gallery on the North-Isle is the Sailors Gallery. It is said in a Memorandum made at the Bottom of it, to have been built and finished by the Trinity-house in Newcastle upon Tyne, in the Year 1618, John Holbourne then Master. It was beautified in the Year 1720, Robert Bailiff being then Ma∣ster, with three or four Devices on the South-side of it. One Pannel has the Picture of St. Paul's Shipwreck; another, our Saviour's being asleep in the Storm; then there is the Arms of the Trinity-house; another Draught is that of our Saviour's taking Peter by the Hand when he was sinking in the Waves; and the other is that of Jonah vomited up upon the dry Land.

THE Chancel of this Church stands upon a large Vault, which consists of a pretty long Entrance, arched at the Top, and of a pretty large Square Room, with a curious Pillar in it, which is the grand Support of eight large Stone Arches. The Entrance into this vault is in the Church-yard, on the North-side of it.

AS you enter into the Chancel from the Nave of the Church, you have on the left Hand of you, an old Pair of Stairs, to which are adjoining the Stairs of the Butchers Gallery: These Stairs formerly led into the same Place, but then it was into a Gallery different from what the Butchers Gallery is now. They led into a Loft or Gallery called the Rood Loft.

THE Rood was an Image of our Saviour upon the Cross, made generally of Wood, and placed on a Loft made for that Purpose, just over the Passage out of the Church into the Chancel; out of this Mystery, they say, that the Church represents the Church Militant, and the Chancel the Church Triumphant; and who will pass out of the Former into the Latter, must go under the Rood Loft, that is, they must go under the Cross, and suffer Affliction. This Image was wont to have the Virgin Mary on one Side of it, and St. John on the o∣ther. Stavely, C. Hist. P. 199.

A few Years ago the Chancel was beautifyed. It is pannel'd round with Wainscot. The Table is a large curious Marble Stone, which was given to the Church for that Use by an unknown Hand. On the large Pannel, im∣mediately above the Altar, is this Figure;

I. H. S.
or, Jesus Hominum Salvator: Above that again is the Picture of a Dove, cu∣riously carved in Wood; and above that again, in a Golden Glory, is the great Name of God 〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉, which signifies his most absolute self Existence: He was, and is, and is to come.

THIS is to point out, by way of Emblem, the Persons of the Trinity. God the Father, by the Word JEHOVAH, he having order'd Moses, when Page  91 he went to the Israelites, to bring them out of Egypt; to say, IdAM hath sent thee, or the Lord Jehovah, who exists eternally, or always is. The Dove is the Emblem of the Holy Ghost; for he is said to have descended in a bodily Shape like aeDove. And the Letters with the Cross in the Middle of them, Point out the second Person of the glorious Trinity, who dyed upon the Cross for the Sins of the World.

ON the Top of the East-end of the Altar, above the Things now menti∣oned, are the Representations of Three large Candles, which are an Emblem of the Light of thefGospel, which either is, or shou'd be read at the Altar.

ON the South-side of the Altar is a Prothesis, or Side-Altar, that the Priest, according to the Rubrick, may more conveniently Place the Elements upon the Altar.

PLATE belonging to ALL-HALLOWS, and their Inscriptions.

The greater Flaggon.

IN usum Ecclesiae Omnium Sanctorum apud Novicastrenses Lagenam hanc dono dedit MICHAEL MIDFORD Mercator, in Testimonium Pieatis erga Deum & Patriam. An. Sal. MDCXCVIII.

Underneath that,

Calix Benedictionis cui Benedicimus, nonne Communicatio Sanguinis Christi est?

The lesser Flaggon.

Do O. M. & Omnium Sanctorum Sacello Dicat Consecrat{que} gH. Atherton, M. D. Dec'r 25, 1697.

Two Challices mark'd A.S.H. with Covers.

    Church Wardens, 1628.
  • Robert Blenkinsop,
  • Laurence Carr,
  • Wm. Gibson,
  • Wm. Duxfield,

Two other Callices, which have been gilded with Gold, with Covers, 1571.

A Silver Dish, Weighing 34, 14. Gilded with Gold.

Dicavit Deo Ecclesae O'ium Sanctorum infra Villam Novicastri super Tinam, Anno Salutis, 1718.

Two Salvers mark'd A.S.H. with this Inscription, Corpus meum hoc est.

  • Neman Shafto, Church Wardens, 1629.
  • Robert Young, Church Wardens, 1629.
  • Hen. Rowcastle, Church Wardens, 1629.
  • Tho. Roderforth, Church Wardens, 1629.

Page  92THERE were Seven Chanteries belonging to this Church. The Chantery of St. Thomas; The Chantery of our Lady; The Chantery of St. John, the Evangelist; The Chantery of St. Peter; The Chantery of St. Catherine; The Chantery of St. Elgie or St. Loye, and the Chantery of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist.

1. THE Chantery of St. Thomas was founded by John Puthore, Clerk, the Yearly Value 4 l. 8 s. 4 d.

2. The Chantery of our Lady, no Deed of Foundation to be shewn; 4 l. 5 s. 10 d.

3. THE Chantery of St. John the Evangelist, founded by Richard Willisby and Richard Fishlake; the Deed of Foundation is lost; which arose out of some Tenements situated in the Sandhill and Side; 4 l. 15 s. 4 d.

4. THE Chantery of St. Peter is that waste Place above the Vestry, oppo∣site to the Tomb of Roger de Thornton. This was founded by the said Roger de Thornton, as appears from the Licence granted to the said Rogerh by King Henry 4th. It was erected about the Year 1411, that he might be pray'd for whilst he liv'd, and his Soul when he was dead (by a Priest set a-part for that Purpose) together with the Souls of his Father and Mother; and Angnes his Wife, and also of his Ancestors and his Children, and the whole Company of the Faithful departed, as is mentioned in the King's Grant to him.

ON the East-end of this Chantery there are still remaining the Pictures of St. Lewis, St. Barbara, and St. Elisabeth.

THE yearly Value of this Chantery was 6 l.

5. THE Chantery of St. Catherine was founded in the Reign of Edward the Third, by Robert of Chirton, Burgess of Newcastle, and Marriot his Wife, who was the Daughter and Heirefs of Hugh Hankyn and Beatrix his Wife; The yearly Value of it, 5 l. 3 s. 8 d. All-Hallows Vest.

IN the Book above-mentioned, belonging to the Church of All-Hallows, we are told, that there is at the South-East End of the Church, upon the Out-side, a fair E and F, and on each of them half a Catherine-Wheel; but what they signify no Man living knoweth. At present there is no such Thing. Whose Name the Letters were placed for, I believe it is indeed impossible for any Man living to tell: But as for the Catherine-Wheels, it is easy to conclude that they are plac'd on the South-East end of the Church to signify that St. Catherine's Chantery or Altar was under the South-East Window.

6. THE Chantery of St. Loye or St. Elgie, founded by Richard Pickering in the Reign of Edward the 3d, the yearly Value 3 l. 8 s. 4 d.

JOHN Dent, Esq by Deed dated 12th of Feb. in the 35th Year of Hen. the 6th, granted an annual Rent of 8 s. issuing out of his Houses, to Richard Doxforth the then Priest of this Chantery.

7. THE Chantery of St. John the Baptist, and St. John the Evangelist by John Ward. 7 l. 15 s. 8 d.

AMONGST the Chanteries of this Church we meet with none of the Holy Trinity; but in the 16th of the Reign of King Hen. the 8th, after the Mari∣ners became a Body, and their House was called the Trinity-house, we find an Altar in it dedicated to the Trinity; for in one of their Writings 'tis said, that Thomas Hebborne should be Partaker of all Masses, Good-Prayers, and Suffrage, which should afterwards be celebrated, said, and done by the Chaplain and PriestPage  93 of the said Fraternity within the Trinity-house, and at the Trinity-Altar within the Church of All-Hallows for evermore.

I know not where to fix the Place of this Altar, any more than I can fix particularly, the Places of some of the ancient Chanteries; except it was, as some will naturally Conjecture, in the Porch behind their Gallery. And yet there are some Reasons against this Supposition; For this Porch was a Chan∣tery, they had only an Altar; and as a Chantery, it must have been filled with a Priest, who had an Altar to himself and consequently their Altar must have been some where else. If it be said that they perhaps built this Porch, I an∣swer, that if they had done so, it would have been called a Chantery not on∣ly an Altar. Besides, the Building is visibly older than their Chapel, their Priest, or their Altar. For they can scarce be supposed to have had any one of the Three, before the Beginning of the Reign of King Henry the Eighth, and that's a Date too late for so old a Piece of Building.

Of the Burial Places and Monuments in the South-Isle; some of which are these following.

NIGH the Church Porch is a large Blue Stone, the Burial Place of Mr. William Milbourne, Hoastman, who dyed in the Year 1662. This Stone formerly belonged to St. Austin's Fryery, and was removed from thence by Thomas Ledger, when he was Mayor, in the Time of the Civil Wars. He brought it to St. Nicholas Church, and order'd one Milbourne, a Mason, to e∣rase the ancient Inscription. But inding no Room to lay it where his Fa∣ther was buried in St. Nicholas, he sold it to the Mason, who sold it again, to the Person whose Name it still bars.

HENRY Milbourne; Hoastman, 198.

JOHN Binks, Master and Mariner. Dorothy, his Wife departed, March the 11th, 1722.

MARCUS Browellus, Generos' Attornt' de Banco, Soc' Hospit' Furni∣val, Lond' Hoc sibi et suis posuit, et caelis Parata Aeterna Mansio.

Ipse Obiit secuudo Die Novembris, Anno Domini, 1729.

STEPHEN Coulson, Merchant Adventur••, married Mary, Daughter of Mr. Henry Waters, Hoastman: She departed, July the 6th, 1728. He the above named Stephen Coulson, Esq Alderman, and sometime Mayor of this Town, departed this Life, October 25th, 1730.

SEPULCRUM Wolstani Paston.

WILLIAM Harrison, Hoastman, July 10th, 1721.

AS you go from the South-Isle into the Body of the Church, there is a large Blue Stone, which was the Stone of Christopher Elmer, as appears from the Beginning of the present Inscription.

ANOTHER Authority in this Church, calls this Stone an ancient Stone, and says the ancient Inscription was, Jesus have Mercy of the Souls of Chri∣stopher Elmer, his Wife and Children, and of all Souls, Mercy, Mercy, Lord.

THERE was on it the Elmer's Arms, the Merchants Arms, and his Skin Mark which was ✚4

JOHN Henzell, 1725.

Page  94THE Burial Place of John Morris, Hoastman.

SUB hoc Marmore tumulantur Exuviae Edwardi Collingwood, de Byker, Armigeri Northumbrae Vice comitis Anno 1699. Qui obijt 11mo Aprilis, 1701, Anno{que} Aetatis 71. Una cum Uxoris Annae Exuvijs, Quae obijt 30 Novembris, 1694, per quam Hos habuit liberos, Radulphum, & Martinum Mortuos, Edvardum & Dorotheam Superstites.

DOROTHEA Collingywood, Vita decessit duodecimo die Decembris, 1701. & hic Sepulta. Gulielmus Filius Secundus dicti Edvardi Filij obijt Secundo Die Martij, 1709. Edvardus Filius obijt primo Die Martij, 1720. Maria Filia Natu Prior Dicti Edvardi Filij obijt Decimo Die Junij, 1724. Maria Filia Gulielmi Bigg Generosi Uxor dicti Edvardi Filij obijt duodecimo Die Octobris, 1727, Quinque Enixa Liberos, viz. Edvardum, Mariam, Annam, Isabellam, & Gulielmum, Isabella Filia Natu minima dicti Edvardi, Filii obijt nono die Octobris, 1728.

AT the East-end of this Tomb of the Family of the Collingwood's, under a Stone with a Latin Inscription on it, which formerly belonged to one Blount, lies interr'd the Body of Margaret Bourne, Wife of Henry Bourne, Curate of this Church of All-Hallows. She dyed August the 8th, 1727, in the 30th Year of her Age.

〈 in non-Latin alphabet 〉
D. O. M.
M. S.
THOMAE HOCKIN,
Gen' & ROGERI CLARKE,
Proponetis ejus Devonia nati una
Eodem{que} die Sept. Scilt. Octo Salutis
Anno MDCLXVIII. Aetatis Autem
Thomae LXX. Rogeri XIX.
Novocastro super Tinam,
Invicem moriere.
JOHANNES CLARKE,
Posteriori patruus
Utrique charus.
H. M. M.
Hie cecidêre duo, queis
Non Separavit amata
Sors eadem vivis thalamo
Morientibus Urna.

NEAR to this Monument of Thomas Hockin, is an old Stone, with this In∣scription upon it.

Here lieth Buried under this Stone,
The Right Worshipful Mr. Robert Ellison,
Merchant Adventurer, of this Town Twice
Right Mayor he was
All worldly Pomp for ever thus must pass.
Elisa, his Wife, his Children, and Friends him by,
With all shall rise at the last Cry.
One Thousand six hundred seventy and seven,
The last of January he went to Heaven.

SEVERAL Years ago the Church Wardens were desired by one Matthew Blount, to sell this Stone; but they loathed the Request, because it bore the Name of a Mayor of Newcastle, which they knew, after the Sale of it, would not be long there.

Page  95JOHN Armorer, Hoastman,

CHRISTIAN Bulman, Oct. 8. 1723.

RALPH Soursby Merchant Adventurer.

NEAR the Quire-Door is an old Stone, which formerly belonged to Mr. Robert Brandling; upon which was the Brandling's Arms, with this Inscripti∣on.

Here lyeth laid under this Place,
Robert Brandling, Merchant Adventurer, by God's Grace,
Margaret, his Wife, and Children dear,
In fear of God they lived here.
Like as the Brand doth flame and burn,
So we from Death to Life must turn.

MR. Nicholas Fenwick had this Stone given him by one Mr. Brandling, who lived at Ipswich, and caused the said Inscription to be obliterated; after that he set upon it the Arms of the Fenwicks.

NIGH to this is another Stone belonging to the same Family of the Fen∣wicks.

CHARLES Atkinson, Hoastman.

THERE is an old Stone which lies between the Vestry and Quire-Door, with it's Inscription erased. It belonged to Alderman Leonard Carr, who gave 5 l. yearly for ever to the Poor of this Parish, and appointed it out of divers Houses in the Butcher-bank. He was an Alderman of the Town before the Rebellion, and turned out by the Rebels.

HE deserves a better Monument.

OPPOSITE to the Vestry, on the South-side of the Altar, is a large Stone of that Kind call'd Touch-stone, raised above the Level of the Church. It is covered with Brass on the Top of it, which has cut in it the Effigies of Ro∣ger Thornton, and his Wife, and also the Pictures, of the Apostles and other Saints, together with the Arms of his own Family, and that of the Family of the Lamleys.i

The Inscription upon the Stone is as follows.

Hic jacet Domisella Agnes quondam Uxor Rogeri Thornton, quae obijt in Vigelia sanctae Katerinae, Anno Domini MCCCCXI propitietur Deus. Amen.

Page  96Hic jacet Rogerus Thornton Mercator Novicastri super Tinam qui obijt Anno Domini Millesimo CCCCXXIX & iii Die Januarii.

AS he was in his Life-time a great Benefactor to Churches, Religious Houses, the Poor, &c. so he forgot them not in his last Moments, as appears by his last Will and Testament. Vide Anno Christ. 1429.

JOHN Gibson, Merchant Adventurer, dy'd 17th of Feb. 1594.

WILLIAM Robinson, Goldsmith, 1652.

WILLIAM Ramsey, sometime Mayor of this Town, 1653.

WILLIAM Ramsey, Jun. sometime Mayor of this Town, 1716.

Vivimus & Vitae Mors mala Fausta Subit

GEORGE Bulman Baker and Brewer. 1710.

Nought can exempt from Death's Imperial Hand;
When it arrests the Soul at God's Command;
Each State and Sex, as well the High as Low,
Must once salute the Grave and thither go.

RALPH Grey Merchant Adventurer, sometimes Sheriff of this Town, May 30, 1666, aged 82.

The East End of the CHURCH.

HENRY Rawlin Merchant Adventurer, Alderman, and sometime Mayor of this Town, May 8th, 1666.

Sepulchrum Richardi Burdus, Obijt 20th Dec. 1719.

JESUS be merciful to the Souls of Richard Borrel, his Wife and Children he Obijt 20 Nov. 1508. This is also the burial Place of Mr. Abraham Dixon, Master and Marriner, who dy'd Nov. 11. 1700.

THOMAS Andrew, 5 Oct. 1708.

THOMAS Wallis's burial Place, Shipwright.

MATTHEW White, Esq twice Mayor of this Town, Governour of the Merchant's and Hostman's Companies. He had Issue 10 Children, Nicholas, Margaret, Elizabeth, Martha, Nicholas, Matthew, Mary, Isabel, Robert, and Jane. He departed Oct. 10, 1716.

WILLIAM Aubone, Esq Merchant Adventurer, Alderman, and some∣time Mayor of this Town, Sept. 20, 1700.

On Marble on the Wall.

UNDER the adjacent Marble is inter'd the Body of Thomas Wrangham, the famous and beloved Ship-builder of this Town, he married Jane the Daugh∣ter of Mr. Robert Carr, by whom he left Issue two Sons and one Daughter; Thomas, William, and Jane. He built Five and Forty Sail of Ships, and dyed of a Feaver in the 42d Year of his Age, May the 26th, 1689. He was a Man of a most generous Temper, of a plain and unaffected Conversation, and a sin∣cere and hearty Lover of his Friend.

Page  97Statutum est omnibus semel mori.

THE Stone of the Wrangham's belong'd formerly to the Family of Mr. Ro∣bert Babington, and had his Arms on it.

About a Blue Stone is inscrib'd,
All Worldly Pomp away doth Pass,
Like fading Flowers, and wither'd Grass.
George Borne, Cooper, and his Wives,
When Death doth end all mortal Strifes,
Trust by the precious Death and Blood-shedding
Of Christ, to have Life everlasting.

THE Date of this is worn off, but I meet with him in the Quality of Church-Warden of All-Hallows, in the Year 1578.

In the NORTH-ISLE.

JOHN Cosyn, Draper and Alderman, died the 21st of March, Anno Dom' 1661.

HERE lyeth interr'd the Body of George Morton, Draper, Alderman, and twice Mayor of this Town, he departed this Life the 26th Day of November, Anno Dom' 1693.

THIS John Cosyn, as well as Mr. Rawlin, (whose Monument is over-against his in the South Corner) was an Alderman in the Time of the Rebellion, of whom Sir George Baker said, they were not truly Justices, tho' in the Place of Justices. This Cosyn was the first Exciseman that ever was in this Town, and a Captain against the King; yet upon his Stone Mr. Pringle (as they say) cau∣sed this to be written,

A Conscience pure, unstain'd with Sin
Is Brass without, and Gold within.

BUT some took Offence and said thus,

A Conscience Free he never had,
His Brass was naught, his Gold was bad.
Milbank.

THE Burial Place of Henry Waters, Hoastman, and Dorothy his Wife, she departed 24th of Feb. 1719.

GARRET Cocke, 1637.

ROBERT Young, Merchant Adventurer, 1670.

Post mortem aeternitas.

JOHN Johnson, Hoastman.

ROBERT Cook Master and Mariner, Nov. 1673.

Sepulchrum Thomae Potts, Gen. et Margarettae uxoris.

WILLIAM Liddel, 1580.

Page  98THOMAS Brown, Non mortuus sed Dormio:

WILLIAM Dawson, 1707.

THOMAS Crawforth, 1690.

MICHAEL Clerk.

THOMAS Dawson, Ropemaker.

THE Burial Place of Thomas Monkhouse, Tin-Plate Worker.

JOHN Colvil, Baker and Brewer, 1689.

TIMOTHY Rawlet, Hoastman.

JESUS have Mercy on the Soules of John Hodshon Taylor, Margaret his Wife, and their Children; he departed the 11th of Nov. 1505.

JOSEPH Colepits Hoastman, 27 May, 1729, aged 41 Years.

ROBERT Watson, 1724.

CUTHBERT Snow, 16 Aug. 1694.

SEAMEN'S Porch.

JAMES Brankstone, 23 Nov. 1727.

WILLOUGHBY Hall, Shipwright.

JACOBUS Metham Generosus vitam pro aeternitate mutavit 23 Apr. 1684. Willielmus Bigg Generosus, et Johannes Hindmarch, Armig: Humanae sortis et fragelitalis memores, hoc sibi suisque Deo volente supremum in Terris posue∣runt domicilium, usque Festum Resurrectionis mortuorum alta Pace Gauden∣dum

Maxima nosce mori vitae est Sapientia, vivit
Qui moritur, sivis vivere, Disce mori.
23 April 1684.

THE Burial Place of Thomas Airey, Hoastman.

THE Burial Place of Richard Hinkster, and Jane his Wife.

JOHN Green, Confectioner, 13 May, 1681.

ANN Colvil, Oct. 12, 1686.

West-End of the CHURCH.

Hic jacet Corpus Esther Starkin quae obijt 22 Oct. 1681.

JOHN Addison, Fuller and Dyer.

GEORGE Graham, 28 December 1727, aged 82.

THERE is a Stone near the Font, which has many Years been supposed to be Page  99 very ancient. There was nothing to be seen upon it, but the 4 Evangelists, one at each Corner; It is the blue Stone at the East-side of the Font. It has on it at present the Name of Ridley.

In The MIDDLE-ISLE.

WILLIAM Stephenson Ropemaker's Burial Place.

THOMAS Allison's Burial Place.

GEORGE Mitford, Barber Surgeon, and Jane his Wife.

HENRY Towart, Master and Mariner, his Burial Place.

CHANCEL.

RALPH Fell, Merchant Adventurer, 11th Feb. 1680.

JOHN Simpson Hoastman, and Jane his Wife their Burial Place. In this Grave of theirs was buried their eldest Son Anderson, so called as being a De∣scendant of the worthy and loyal Family of the Anderson's of Braidley, who suffer'd so much in the Time of the Civil Wars, in Defence of their King and Country. He dyed May the 17th Anno 1730, in the 21st Year of his Age. He was a Youth of fine Parts, and good Learning, a great deal of Sweetness of Temper, and strict Religion.

THERE is in this Part of the Church a very large Stone, insculp'd with Brass, of which several Years ago no more could be read than hic Tumulatus — dono dei datus mitis clero — promotor Ecclesiarum. My Authority imagines this to be the Burial Place of Robert Rhodes. He says, the Picture upon the Stone was very like that of Roger Thornton; all the Difference is, that the Gown of this Picture is not so deep as that of Thornton's. He conjectures it to be the burial Place of Robert Rhodes; because of the Words Promotor Ecclesiarum, lib. All-Hall'. The Words Promotor Ecclesiarum are not now to be found. How∣ever, had they been there still, I think they are but a weak Argument to prove that Robert Rhodes was buried here, when it is considered that he founded a Chantery in St. Nicholas, that his own Soul, and his Wife's might be prayed for. For People were generally buried in the same Church, and near the very Place, where they erected a Chantery or an Altar.

BUT whoever it is, this I think may be safely concluded from the Gran∣deur of the Grave Stone, that he was some wealthy Person; and from his be∣ing Promotor Ecclesiarum, that he was also Religious.

THE Effigies is very Tall, and is surrounded with very curious Pictures of the Saints, and some other Things; but the Brass is now tearing off, and going very fast into Ruin. It is a pity it should not have more care taken of it, as it is an Ornament to the Church, and the Monument of it's Benefactor. The Promoters of Churches should be always remember'd with the most grate∣ful Respect, that they may be shining Lights to the most distant Ages.

I shall close the Monuments of this Church with an Epitaph, said to have been made upon Robert Wallas, formerly Clerk of this Church.

Here lies Robin Wallas,
The King of good Fellows;
Clark of All-Hallows,
And a Maker of Bellows:
Page  100He Bellows did make 'till the Day of his Death,
But he that made Bellows could never make Breath.
LEGACIES left to the POOR of ALL-HALLOWS Parish in Newcastle upon Tyne.

Page  101
  l. s. d.
LEFT by Mr. Thomas Smith, Shipwright, yearly for Ever, to be paid at Easter, out of several Houses, the Sum of 04 18 10
LEFT by Mr. Cuthbert Woodman, Weaver, yearly for Ever, to be paid at Easter, out of a House in Pilgrim-street, opposite to the Manour Chare-head, the Sum of 00 12 00
LEFT by Mr. Robert Anderson, per Ann. which has not been paid since 1651, the Sum of 05 00 00
LEFT by Sir Alexander Davison, yearly for Ever, to be paid out of the Town's Chamber, at two Payments, viz. Michaelmas and Ladyday, the Sum of 02 00 00
SIR Thomas Davison 01 00 00
MR. Mark Milbank 03 00 00
MR. William Carr 01 10 00
SIR Mark Milbank 06 00 00
MR. John Rumney 02 10 00
  16 00 00
LEFT by Mr. Andrew Aldworth, out of Houses in Akewell-gate, due on St. Andrews's -day, the Sum of 01 00 00
LEFT by Mr. Leonard Carr, per Ann. out of several Houses in the Butcher-Bank 05 00 00
LEFT by Henry Hilton, Esq 6 l. per Ann. now reduced by Act of Parliament to 04 00 00
LEFT by Mr. William Carr, yearly for Ever, to be paid at Easter, out of several Houses 01 06 06
LEFT by Mr. William Gibson, Merchant, per Ann. out of a House in Cowgate, now in the Possession of Mrs. Carr, not been paid for several Years 01 00 00
LEFT by Mr. John Cosyns, Draper, the Sum of two Shillings per Week, which is Weekly to be distributed in Bread to such poor People of the said Parish as come to hear the publick Or∣dinances of God every Lord's-day, which he charg'd upon the Fleece Tavern by the Key, and amounts per Ann. to 05 04 00
LEFT by Mr. David Sheavil, Surgeon, per Ann. out of se∣veral Houses 04 00 00
LEFT by Mr. Tho. Davison, to be paid yearly in the Month of December, out of the Merchants Company 01 10 00
LEFT by Sir William Blacket, Bart. per Ann. out of a House at Tyne-Bridge-End, the Sum of 02 00 00
LEFT by Mr. John Collier, Shipwright, per Ann. to be paid at Christmas; the Sum of 03 00 00
LEFT by Mr. Richard Hutchinson, Rope-maker, per Ann. out of an House on Sandhill 05 00 00
LEFT by Mr. George Collingwood, House-Carpenter, per Ann. to be given to two poor Widows, who are to have it but once, so that all the poor Widows in the Parish may in turns enjoy the same; due at Martinmas, and distributed by the Minister and Church-wardens 02 00 00
LEFT by Timothy Davison, Esq paid out of the Merchants Company, to be distributed amongst credible Freemen, or Free∣men's Widows (not of the Merchant's Company) yearly in De∣cember 01 05 00
LEFT by Henry Holmes, Esq per Ann. to be made at two several Payments, viz. three Pounds the Monday after Christmas Day, and three Pounds the Monday after Easter Day, the Sum of 06 00 00
LEFT by Nicholas Ridley, Esq per Ann. and charged upon his Lands in Heaton, to be given eight Days before Easter 01 00 00
LEFT by Robert Fenwick, Esq per Ann. and charged upon the Angel Inn, to be paid at Christmas 04 00 00
LEFT by Mr. John Bee, Master and Mariner, per Ann. char∣ged upon his two Messuages and Shop, by the Key, to be di∣stributed by the Minister, for the Time being, at Christmas 06 00 00
LEFT by Matthew White, Esq per Ann. and charged upon an House in Pilgrim-street, to be distributed upon Christmas Day, or the Day after, among ten poor House-keepers 01 10 00
LEFT by Mrs. Isabel, Wife of William Wrightson, Esq per Ann. the Interest yearly to be distributed on September 30th 50 00 00
LEFT by Mr. William Harrison, Hoastman, per Ann. the Interest yearly to be distributed on St. Andrew's Day 150 00 00
LEFT by Mrs. Margaret Ramsey, per Ann. the Interest yearly to be distributed 20 00 00
LEFT by Mr. Edward Potts, Shipwright, per Ann. the In∣terest yearly to be distributed 20 00 00
LEFT by Mrs. Anne Handcock, per Ann. the Interest to be distributed by the Church-wardens to such poor People as are constant frequenters of divine Worship 50 00 00

Page  102

All-Saints CHARITY-SCHOOL in Newcastle upon Tyne, was set up by a Voluntary SUBSCRIPTION, in the Year of our Lord, 1709, and has been continued ever since on the same Footing; and further supported by several acciden∣tal Contributions.

The NAMES of the SUBSCRIBERS, and Sums subscribed when the SCHOOL was Founded.Page  103
  l. s. d.
ROBERT Fenwick, Esq Mayor, per Annum 4 00 00
John Cuthbert, Esq Recorder 2 00 00
Mrs. Phaebe Blakiston 2 00 00
Matthew White, Esq 2 00 00
Mr. William Wrightson 2 00 00
Mr. Henry Milburn 2 00 00
Mr. Henry Reay 2 00 00
Mr. John Baxter 1 00 00
Mr. Thomas Robinson 1 00 00
John Rogers, Esq 5 00 00
Mr. George Nixon 1 00 00
Mr. William Raper 1 00 00
Mr. Joseph Green 1 00 00
Mr. William Harrison, Senior 1 00 00
Mr. Lionel Dixon 0 10 00
Mr. John Anderson 0 10 00
Mr. Lionel Forster 0 10 00
Mr. Edward Brumwell 1 00 00
Mrs. Jane Binks 0 10 00
Mr. Robert Vipont 0 10 00
Mr. John Maddison 1 00 00
Mr. Edward Grey 1 00 00
Mr. Henry Waters 1 00 00
Mr. John Johnson 1 00 00
Mr. Francis Armorer 1 00 00
Mr. Luke Conyers 0 10 00
Mr. John Story 1 00 00
M,. Jeremiah Cook 1 00 00
Mr. Thomas Turner 1 00 00
Mr. Thomas Campion 1 00 00
Mr. John Binks 0 10 00
Mr. Jonathan Tyzack 0 10 00
Mr. Perigrine Henzell 0 10 00
Mr. Bartholomew Kent 0 10 00
The Reverend Mr. Leonard Shafto 2 00 00
The Reverend Mr. Charles Ward 2 00 00
Mr. Robert Webster 0 10 00
Mr. Lionel Colepits 1 00 00
Mr. Thomas Wallis 0 10 00
Mr. Matthew Bell 1 00 00
Mrs. Dorothy Dawson 1 00 00
Mrs. Julian Hindmarsh 1 10 00
Brought over 51 10 00
Mr. Mark Browell 1 00 00
Mr. Edward Colvill 1 00 00
Mr. Richard Burdus 0 10 00
Mr. George Hinckster 0 10 00
Mr. Gerrard Robson 1 00 00
Mr. Matthew Dale 0 10 00
Mr. William Harrison, Junior 1 00 00
Mr. John Simpson 1 00 00
Mr. Thomas Allan, Senior 1 00 00
Mr. Thomas Allan, Junior 1 00 00
Mr. Henry Atkinson 1 00 00
Mr. Timothy Rawling 1 00 00
Mr. William French 0 10 00
Mr. Ellis Inchball 0 10 00
Mr. Ralph Reed 1 00 00
Mr. Charles Atkinson 2 00 00
Mr. William Green 1 00 00
Mr. Tobias Blakiston 1 00 00
Mr. John Swaddell 1 00 00
Mr. James Taylor 1 00 00
Mr. Samuel Joblin 1 00 00
Mr. James Dawson, Yarmouth 1 00 00
Mr. Jonathan Rodam 1 00 00
Mr. Robert Shafto 0 10 00
Mr. Thomas Elliot 0 10 00
Mr. George Hankin 0 10 00
Mrs. Frances Reed 0 10 00
Mr. Henry Dent 0 10 00
Mrs. Mary Harrison 0 10 00
Mr. George Iley 1 00 00
Mrs. Barbary Nicholls 2 00 00
Mr. John Campbell 1 00 00
Mr. Lancelot Cramlington 1 00 00
Robert Eden, Esq 2 00 00
  83 00 00

The Names of the SUBSCRIBERS, and Sums by each paid in the Year 1731.Page  104
  l. s. d.
WALTER Blacket, Esq 5 00 00
Nicholas Fenwick, Esq 7 00 00
Matthew White, Esq 2 00 00
Henry Reay, Esq 2 00 00
John Rogers, Esq 5 00 00
Mr. William Dixon 0 10 00
Mr. John Maddison 1 10 00
Mr. Thomas Binks 0 05 00
Mr. Henry Waters 3 00 00
Mrs. Mary Johnson 1 10 00
Mr. Francis Armorer, Senior 1 10 00
Mr. John Story 1 00 00
Mrs. — Andrews 0 10 00
The Reverend Mr. Farrington 2 00 00
Brought over 32 15 00
The Reverend Mr. Shafto 2 00 00
Mr. George Colepitts 1 10 00
Mr. Ralph Sowerby 1 10 00
Mr. Matthew Bell 1 10 00
Mr. Thomas Wallis 1 10 00
Mrs. Julian Hindmarch 1 10 00
Mrs. Jane Rodam 1 10 00
Two Mrs. Browells 1 10 00
Mr. John Simpson 1 10 00
Thomas Allan, Esq 2 00 00
Mr. Lionel Allan 1 10 00
Mr. Henry Atkinson 1 00 00
Mr. John Morris 1 10 00
Mr. Charles Atkinson 2 00 00
Mr. John Colvill 1 10 00
The Trinity House 6 00 00
Matthew Fetherston, Esq 2 00 00
Mr. Henry Coulson 2 00 00
Mr. Thomas Dennet, London 1 00 00
The Butchers Company 6 00 00
The Shipwrights Company 3 00 00
The Surgeons Company 1 10 00
The Rope-makers Company 1 10 00
Mr. Thomas Wass 1 10 00
Edward Collingwood, Esq 1 10 00
Mr. Joseph Smith 1 10 00
Mr. John Anderson 1 10 00
Mr. George Simpson 1 10 00
Mrs. Anne Harrison 0 10 00
Mr. Cuthbert Nicholson 0 15 00
Mr. Thomas Shafto 1 10 00
The Reverend Mr. Maddison 0 15 00
Mr. John Burfield 0 15 00
Mr. Christopher Dawson 1 10 00
Mr. Joseph Liddell 1 10 00
Mr. Francis Armorer, Junior 1 10 00
Joseph Ledgard, Esq 1 10 00
  97 00 00

Money collected at All-Saints Church when the annual Ser∣mons were preached for the Benefit of the Charity-Chil∣dren.Page  105
        l. s. d.
Anno 1709 THE Rev. Dr. Ellison 15 10 06
1710 Mr. Shafto 16 02 00
1711 Mr. Charles Ward 23 09 00
1712 Mr. Wilcox 24 07 02
1713 Mr. Cuthbert Ellison 22 16 04
1714 Mr. Shadforth 25 17 00
1715 Mr. Browell 26 19
1716 Mr. Farrington 20 12 00
1717 Mr. Chilton 23 01 09
    Brought over 198 14 11½
1718 Mr. John Ellison 21 06 06¾
1719 Mr. Cowling 20 02 05
1720 Mr. Dockwray 19 14 06
1721 Mr. R. Cuthberts 17 11 08
1722 Mr. Sharp 27 03 00
1723 Dr. Mangey 22 04 06¾
1724 Mr. Bourne 21 10 08
1725 Mr. Bradford 17 14 02
1726 Mr. William Hall 15 03 06
1727 Mr. Fetherston 17 19 09½
1728 Mr. Thompson 16 04 10
1729 Mr. Turnor 17 08 05¾
1730 Mr. Sacker 23 04 09½
1731 Dr. Banson 23 18 05½
1732 Mr. Turnor 16 16 07½
    496 18 11¾

Accidental CONTRIBUTIONS.Page  106
      l. s. d.
Anno 1709 FROM unknown Hands, by the Rev. Mr. Char. Ward 03 03 09
1711 Mr. Alderman Whinfield's Legacy yearly 03 16 04
1712 The Town of Newcaste towards Building a Gallery for the Charity Children in all Saints Church 15 00 00
  From unknown Hands by the Rev. Mr. Char. Ward 02 09 00
1713 Mr. Thomas Campion's Legacy 20 00 00
  Mr. William Harrison's ditto 20 00 00
1714 Madam Rogers 50 00 00
  Mr. Thomas Wass 05 00 00
  Mr. Michael Bland 02 07 00
  The Coopers Company 00 10 00
1715 Mrs. Mayor's Legacy 02 00 00
  The Surgeons Company 01 00 00
  Edward Collingwood, Esq 00 15 00
  The Rev. Mr. Farrington 00 15 00
1716 Madam Nichols Legacy 10 00 00
  Mr. Edward Slater 00 15 00
  The Rope-makers Company 01 10 00
  Mr. Alderman Ramsey's Legacy 50 00 00
  Mr. Alderman Atkinson's Legacy yearly 05 14 00
1717 From Stockholm and Yarmouth, by Mr. Ja. Dawson 11 00 00
  From a Person who desired not to be Nam'd 50 00 00
1718 Mr. Samuel Green's Legacy 100 00 00
  Some Company at the king's-head by Mat. White, Esq 00 16 00
1719 Mr. Thomas Elliot's Legacy 100 00 00
1720 Mr. Thomas Burdus's ditto 10 00 00
  Mrs. Ramsey's ditto 25 00 00
1721 Mr. James Clay's ditto 05 00 00
  From a Person which desired not to be Nam'd 20 00 00
  Mr. Tyzack's Legacy 05 00 00
1722 Capt. James Taylor's Legacy 50 00 00
  Mrs. Mary Lane 05 00 00
1724 Mrs. Mary Collingwood's Legacy 01 00 00
  Brought over 577 11 01
1724 Mrs. Mary Jackson's ditto 05 00 00
  Mrs. Christian Bulman's ditto 20 00 00
  Mrs. Spearman's ditto 10 00 00
1728 Mrs. Isabel Collingwood ditto 01 01 00
1729 Mr. Joseph Colpitts ditto 20 00 00
  Mrs. Reed's ditto 50 00 00
  Mr. Thomas Bates ditto 50 00 00
  Mr. Alderman Coulson's ditto 50 00 00
    783 12 01

THERE are 41 Boys taught to read, write, and cast Accounts, by John Davenport, the present Master: And 17 Girls are taught to read, knit, sew, make, and mend their own Cloaths, by Hannah Johnson, the present Mistress.

THESE Children have Coats and Caps once a Year, and Shoes, Stock∣ings, Shirts, and Bands twice a Year: And at their leaving the School, they have Forty Shillings each to put them out Apprentice, or equip them for Services, and each of them a Bible, with the Common-Prayer, a Whole Duty of Man, and Lewis's Catechism.

THE Magistrates of Newcastle gave a Room, wherein the Girls are taught, and contributed towards Building a Gallery in All-Saints Church for the Chil∣dren, and likewise gave Ground, whereon to build a School for the Boys, and a House for the Master: The Charge of which was defrayed out of se∣veral Legacies left to the School.

TWO Hundred Thirty Four Boys and Girls have been in all put out since the School was set up.

IN the Year 1728, some Gentlemen of this Parish founded a Lecture by Subscription, for the Instruction of the People in the Rubrick and Liturgy of the Church. It was settled upon Henry Bourne, the Curate of this Church, and was opened on Low-Sunday the said Year. It is held every other Sunday in the Summer at 6-o'Clock in the Evening, and continues from Low-Sunday, 'till the Sunday after Holy-Cross, or the 14th of September.

    The FOUNDERS and BENEFACTORS Names at the opening of it.
  • CUTHBERT Fenwick, Esq Mayor.
  • SIR WILLIAM Blacket, Bart.
  • RICHARD RIDLEY, Esq
  • NICHOLAS Fenwick, Esq
  • HENRY Reay, Esq
  • STEPHEN Coulson, Esq
  • EDWARD Collingwood, Esq
  • THE REV. Mr. Bradford, Vicar of Newcastle.
  • MR. John Simpson
  • MR. Charles Atkinson
  • MR. Joseph Liddell
  • MR. Henry Waters
  • MR. George Hinkster
  • MR. Joseph Colepitts
  • MR. John Morris
  • MR. Joseph Smith
  • MR. James Hargrave
  • Page  107THOMAS Hindmarsh, Esq
  • MRS. Alice Colepitts
  • MR. Ralph Sowerby
  • MR. William Selby
  • MR. John White
  • MR. Francis Armorer
  • MR. Thomas Allison

SINCE then Mr. Henry Coulson, Mr. George Mitford, Mr. Richard Johnson, Mr. Thomas Hall, Mr. William Trotter have encreased the Number of Sub∣scribers.

THE Curate of this Church is the Minister of it. The Vicar pays him 4 l. per Annum, and the Crown 5 l. The rest of his Income arises from the Sur∣plice Fees, Register, &c. It was formerly the Custom to have two Clerks for this Church. But in the Year 1708, it was thought more convenient for the Parish, and less Burthensome to the Minister (who had one of the largest Cures in the Kingdom to manage) to have an Assistant; accordingly Abraham Wil∣cox, M. A. was put into the Clerk's Place, which was vacant by the Death of John Pinkney, and was allow'd the Fees of the Clerk for Weddings, Bu∣rials and Christnings; which amounts to 50 l. per Annum: Mr. Wilcox was succeeded by Ambrose Fenwick, M. A. afterwards Vicar of Standfordham; He by William Hall, &c.

THERE are other two Clergymen belonging to this Church, which are Lecturers, and paid by the Town; the one for Preaching in the Morning has 100 l. per Annum, and the other for Preaching in the Afternoon 100 l. per An∣num.

ALL the Ministers of this Church I have been able to collect are these fol∣lowing.

    The CURATES.
  • SAMUEL Barker, 1617.
  • ROBERT Bonner, 1639. He was both sequestred and imprison'd for his Loyalty in the Civil Wars.
  • ROWLAND Salkeld, 1660.
  • TIMOTHY Fenwick, 1672.
  • RALPH Grey
  • JOSEPH Bonner, afterwards Vicar of Bolam.
  • PETER Straughan, 1695.
  • ANTHONY Procter, 1697.
  • RICHARD Musgrave, A. B. 1703.
  • CUTHBERT Ellison, A. M. of Lincoln College, in Oxford, the present Vicar of Stannington.
  • HENRY Bourne, M. A. of Christ Col. Cambridge, 1722. The present Curate.
    Page  108Morning LECTURERS.
  • Durant R. Predeux in the Time of the Civil Wars.
  • LEONARD Shafto, A. M.
  • WILLIAM Mair.
  • NATHANIEL Ellison, M. A. afterwards Vicar of St. Nicholas.
  • NATHANIEL Chilton, A. M.
  • LEONARD Shafto, A. M. He was also Rector of Gateshead, he was a very useful Preacher, a Man of great Generosity and Hospitality, a hearty and sincere Friend, and one of extensive Charity and Benevolence. He died Au∣gust 27, 1731, and was buried in Gateshead Church.
  • Sept. 27, 1731. Hugh Farington, M. A. formerly Fellow of St. John's Col. in Camb. succeeded him, who is the present Lecturer.
    Afternoon LECTURERS.
  • THOMAS Knaggs, A. M.
  • RALPH Emmerson, A. M.
  • CHARLES Ward, A. M. an excellent Preacher.
  • HUGH Farrington, A. M.
  • HENRY Fetherstonhaugh, B. D. late Fellow of St. John's Col. Camb. the present Afternoon Lecture.

THERE are Prayers at this Church every Day at 10-o'Clock in the Mor∣ning, and 4 in the Afternoon. The Sacrament is administred at this Church every second Sunday in the Month. It was formerly usual for the Town to present this Church, at the High Festival of Easter, with twenty one Gallons of Wine.

OPPOSITE to the West Stairs of this Church is an Alms-House, which was in good Repair, as we are informed by the Milbank Manuscript, about 100 Years ago, at which Time the Church-Wardens allowed them 20 s. per Annum, for Coals for four Women. It is now in very bad Repair, and go∣ing fast into Ruins. At present the People in it, are allowed eight Chaldron of Coals per Annum, and three Shillings per Quarter by the Church-wardens.

ON the South-side of this Church are two Pair of Stairs; those opposite to the Quire-Door lead into a narrow Street called the Dog-bank; but former∣ly, as appears by some ancient Writings, Silver-street: The other Pair lead into the Butcher-Bank, which is a narrow Street, and a great Descent. It is mostly inhabited by Butchers, who have their Shops and Houses there. In this are many narrow Lanes called Chares, which lead into the Key-side. This leads into the Street called the Side, and into the Sand-hill. It was called formerly All-Hallows Bank.