BERTIE, EARL OF ABINGDON.
UNDER the Title of the Duke of Ancaster, will be found the genealogy of this family. The first of this noble branch, who had the title of Earl of Abingdon, was James Bertie, Lord Norreys of Rycote, eldest son of Montagu Bertie (the second Earl of Lindsey) by Bridget his second wife, Baroness Norreys of Rycote, widow of Edward Sackville, second son of Edward fourth Earl of Dorset, and daughter and sole heir to Edward Wray, Esq. Groom of the Bed-chamber to King James I. (third son to Sir William Wray, of Glentworth in the county of Lincoln, Knight and Baronet) by Elizabeth his wife, sole daughter and heir to Francis Norris, or Norreys, Lord Norreys, Viscount Thame, and Earl of Berkshire; and the Barony of Norreys de∣scending to him, as heir to his mother, he was, by reason of his illustrious descent, and eminent services to King Charles II. faithfully performed, (as his patent sets forth) created Earl of Abingdon, on November 30th, 1682, 34 Charles II.
The other children, by the said Montagu, Earl of Lindsey, by his second wife, were, 2. Edward, who died young; and 3. the honourable Captain Henry Bertie; and Lady Mary, married to Charles Dormer, second Earl of Caernarvon, who died without issue male, on November 29th, 1709.
Captain Henry, before mentioned, (who was Member for the city of Oxford, in 1685, 1689, and 1690) married Philadelphia, daughter of Sir Edward Norreys, of Weston-on-the-Green, in the county of Oxford, and by her had issue two sons and three daughters.
- 1. James, married Elizabeth, daughter to Roger Harris, of the city of Winchester, Esq. and by her left one son, Norreys Bertie, Esq. who inherited Page 101Weston-on-the-Green aforesaid, as also Nuttley-abbey, in Buckinghamshire, Yatten∣dun and Hamstead-Norreys in Berkshire, &c. and was one of the Knights of the shire for the county of Oxford in the ninth and tenth parliaments of Great Britain, respectively summoned in 1741, and 1747.
- 2. Charles-Montagu Bertie, was rector of Uffington in Lincolnshire, and died a batchelor. Eleanora and Anne, the Captain's two eldest daughters, died unmarried; and Catharine, the youngest, was wedded to Francis Clark, of North-Weston in Oxfordshire, Esq. who left issue one son, Francis.
The aforesaid Lord Norreys of Rycote, JAMES BERTIE, FIRST EARL OF ABINGDON, was Lord Lieutenant of the county of Oxford, from the year 1674, to the year 1687. His Lordship was one of those Peers who, in 1688, joined in the invitation to William, Prince of Orange, and depended so much on his Highness acting the part of a disinterested mediator between King James and the people, that he contributed 30,000l. towards his expedition: but when he suspected that his Highness aimed at the crown, he did all in his power to oppose his views; and not only gave his own vote against declaring the throne vacant, and filling it with the Prince and Princess of Orange, but exerted his influence with his friends to concur with him. However, being a nobleman of respectable character, it was thought proper to nominate him Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the said county of Oxford; and he continued in those offices till 1697, though he strenuously op∣posed the favourite measures of the court. His Lordship was also Chief Justice in Eyre of all the royal forests, &c. south of Trent, and High-steward of the city of Oxford.
This Earl of Abingdon, married to his first wife Eleonora, eldest daughter and at last sole heir to Sir Henry Lee, of Ditchley, in the county of Oxford, Baronet, by Anne his wife, daughter of Sir John Danvers, and sister and coheir to Henry Dan∣vers, Esq. nephew and heir to Henry Earl of Danby. This Lady died on May 31st, 1691, and was interred at Rycote. She left him six sons,
- 1. Montagu (who suc∣ceeded to his honours);
- 2. James;
- 3. Henry;
- 4. Robert;
- 5. Peregrine; and
- 6. Charles;
- 1. Lady Bridget, married to Richard, fourth Viscount Bulkeley of the kingdom of Ireland, who died Page 102at Bath on June 4th, 1724, leaving by her two sons, and four daughters.
- 2. Lady Anne, married to Sir William Courtenay, of Powderham-castle, in the county of Devon, Baronet; and
- 3. Lady Mary, who died unmarried.
In the year 1698, his Lordship took his second wife Catharine, eldest daughter and coheir to Sir Thomas Chamberlayne, of Northbrooke and Wickham in Oxford∣shire, Baronet, and widow of Richard, fourth Viscount Wenman: and she surviv∣ing him, married Francis Wroughton, of Escot (or Heskitt) in Wiltshire, Esq. His Lordship departed this life at Westminster, on Monday, May 22d, 1699, in the 46th year of his age, to the general lamentation of his country, of whose liberty and religion he was a constant and zealous assertor: all which is set forth on his Lord∣ship's tomb at Rycote in Oxfordshire, where he lies buried.
James, his second son, born on March 13th, 1673, was seated at Stanwell in Mid∣dlesex, which he had with his wife, aftermentioned; and was one of the representa∣tives for the county of Middlesex, in the three last parliaments of Queen Anne, the two following called by George I. and in the first summoned by George II. On Ja∣nuary 5th, 1691-2, he married Elizabeth, only surviving daughter to George Wil∣loughby, seventh Lord Willoughby of Parham, and by the death of her brother John, eighth Lord Willoughby of Parham (to whom she was heir) and by the will of her uncle Charles, the tenth Lord (who left no issue) inherited a great estate: and by her (who was born on April 29th, 1673, and dying in childbed on September 26th, 1715, was buried at Stanwell aforesaid) he had fourteen children, whereof only six lived to maturity, viz. Willoughby, his heir, and, in the sequel, third Earl of Abing∣don; Edward, who died September 21st, 1733; William, Henry, John, and Brid∣get who wedded Robert Coytmor, (or Coetmor) of Coytmor in Caernarvonshire, North Wales, Esq. and by him was mother of a son, James, and two daughters, Mary and Bridget. The said James, who distinguished himself as a friend to the liberties of his country, departed this life in the year 1735, and was succeeded by Willoughby his eldest son, before mentioned, of whom afterwards, as third Earl of Abingdom.
Henry, Earl James's third son, born on May 4th, 1675, wedded, in July, 1708, Annabella-Susanna, daughter of — Viscount Glennoly in Ireland, and widow of Marcus Trevor, Viscount Dungannon; and she dying on December 10th, 1708, he married, secondly, Mary, daughter and one of the coheirs of Peregrine Bertie (se∣cond son of Montagu, second Earl of Lindsey, by his first wife) and widow of An∣thony Page 103Henly, of the Grange in Hampshire, Esq. by whom he had an only daugh∣ter, Susannah. He also survived this Lady, and died in December, 1735.
Robert, his fourth son, born on February 28th, 1676, was seated at Beenham in Berkshire, and had to wife, Catharine, daughter to Richard, fourth Viscount Wen∣man, aforesaid, but died on August 16th, 1710, without issue; and his widow after∣wards married Sir William Osbaldeston, of Chadlington and Nethercote in Oxford∣shire, Baronet, by whom she had issue.
Peregrine, his fifth son, born on February 2d, 1677, was Captain of the Panther man of war, in the action under Sir George Rooke, in the Straits, on August 13th, 1704, when he behaved with remarkable bravery; he was afterwards Captain of the Ruby, in which ship, after a gallant defence in a warm encounter at sea, he was taken prisoner by Monsieur Fourbin; and died in France, in the year 1709, unmarried.
Charles, the sixth son, L L. D. born on February 6th, 1678, was Fellow of All-Souls, and afterwards Professor of Natural Philosophy, in the university of Oxford, and Rector of Kenne in the county of Devon, when he died in March, 1746. He married Elizabeth, daughter to the Reverend Mr. John Kerry, Rector of Tredding∣ton in Worcestershire, by whom he had issue one son, Charles; and two daughters. Elizabeth, and Anne: we now return to
MONTAGU, SECOND EARL OF ABINGDON, his eldest son and succes∣sor, who was sworn of the Privy-council to Queen Anne on April 21st, 1702; and, on May 27th following, was constituted Constable of the Tower of London, and Lord Lieutenant of the Hamlets thereof; also on June 10th, 1702, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Oxfordshire: but in September, 1705, his Lordship was removed from his employments. However, upon another change of the ministry, in 1710, he was constituted Chief Justice and Justice in Eyre, of all her Majesty's forests, chaces, parks, &c. on the south side of Trent; and was again sworn of her Majesty's Privy-council; and on May 17th, 1712, constituted Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire.
At the demise of the Queen, he was one of the nineteen Lords Justices nominated by her successor (pursuant to an act of parliament) for the government of the king∣dom till his arrival from Hanover: and a new Privy-council being appointed by his Majesty to meet on October 1st, 1714, he was sworn thereof. He was also, on the 16th of the same month, appointed Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire, as also Custos Rotulorum of the said county; and soon after made Chief Justice in Eyre, &c. Page 104south of Trent: but his Lordship kept those places but a short time; being no friend to the measures of the administration, which he opposed with great spirit in that and the succeeding reign, as may be seen from the debates and protests in the House of Peers.
His Lordship married first Anne, daughter and heir to Peter Venables, Baron of Kinderton, who left him a widower on April 28th, 1715, and was buried at Rycote in Oxfordshire, with this inscription on her tomb: "The Right Honourable Anne Countess of Abingdon, Baroness of Kinderton, daughter and heiress to Peter Venables, Baron of Kinderton, by his wife Catherine Shirley, one of the daughters of Sir Robert Shirley, and sister of the present Earl Ferrers of Chartley.
By her father, the ancient Barony of Kinderton descended to her in a direct line, without any collateral variation, from Gisbert Venables, one of the seven Barons in the Palatine of Chester, under William the Conqueror.
She was born 7th of May, A. D. 1674, and married the two and twentieth of Sept. 1687, to Montagu Lord Norreys, eldest son and heir to James late Earl of Abingdon, whom he succeeded in his estate and honours, A. D. 1699.
She was Lady of the Bedchamber to her late Majesty Queen Anne, from the first of her reign, till the death of that excellent Queen, by whom she was highly re∣garded, and from whom she received such constant marks of a particular affection, that when her Majesty was prevailed on to displace her Lord, with the rest of the nobility and gentry of the same loyal principles, all possible means were tried in vain, by those then in great power, to get her removed.
Yet her love and duty to her Lord made her choose to quit the court, and ac∣company him in his retirement; till in a more happy juncture of affairs, he was re∣stored to his employments, and she returned to her attendance on the best of Queens: from which time she continued ever near to her till her Majesty's death, which happened August the first, 1714, which but a little time preceded, and perhaps has∣tened her own. She died April the twenty-eighth, 1715. Her Body is here buried in peace, but her Name (we trust) liveth for evermore."
His Lordship married, secondly, on February 13th, 1716-17, Mary, daughter and sole heir to James Goulde, of the town of Dorchester, Esq. and widow of Gene∣ral Page 105Charles Churchill, brother to the famous John Duke of Marlborough, and by her (who died on January 10th, 1757) he had one son, James, Lord Norreys, who died of the small pox, on February 25th, 1718, and departing this life, without other issue, on June 16, 1743, was succeeded in his honours and estate by his nephew, Willoughby Bertie, eldest son of the honourable James Bertie (second son of James, first Earl of Abingdon) before mentioned.
WILLOUGHBY, THIRD EARL OF ABINGDON, was born at Lindsey∣house, in Westminster, on November 28, 1692; and, soon after his uncle's decease, took his seat in the House of Peers, where he was always numbered among the true friends of his country. His Lordship married at Florence, in August, 1727, Anna-Maria, daughter of Sir John Collins, Knight, a Gentleman of Scottish extraction: and by her Ladyship (who died of a apoplexy, on December 21, 1763, at the Ve∣netian Ambassadors, Powis-house, where she was visiting their Excellencies) he had three sons, viz.
- 1. James, Lord Norreys, who was burned in his bed, at Rycote, on October 12th, 1745.
- 2. Willoughby, Lord Norreys, afterwards fourth Earl of Abingdon; and,
- 3. the Honourable Peregrine Bertie, who was born on March, 13th, 1741, and chusing a maritime life, and going regularly through the subordinate stations of Midshipman and Lieutenant, was, on November 6th, 1762, appointed Captain of his Majesty's ship Shannon.
- 1. Lady Elizabeth, married to Mr. Gallini, an Italian Gentleman.
- 2. Lady Jane, wedded on September 29th, 1760, to Thomas Clifton, of Lytham in Lancashire. Esq.
- 3. Lady Bridget, who died unmarried on Decem∣ber 9th, 1760.
- 4. Lady Anne.
- 5. Lady Eleanora.
- 6. Lady Mary; and
- 7. Lady Sophia, who departed this life, on October 12th, 1760, unmarried.
WILLOUGHBY, THE PRESENT AND FOURTH EARL OF ABING∣DON, who was born on January 16th, 1740; and being a student at the University of Oxford, when the late Earl of Westmoreland was installed Chancellor there, on July 3, 1759, was one of the three Noblemen selected to address the said Earl in con∣gratulatory verses, which he delivered in Latin, with uncommon but merited ap∣plause. His Lordship, in 1761, was chosen High-steward of Abingdon and Wal∣lingford in the room of his father: and afterwards visited foreign countries for the further qualifying himself for the important duties of his high station. He married, Page 106in 1768, Miss Charlotte Warren, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir Peter Warren, Vice-admiral of the red, and Knight of the most honourable Order of the Bath, by whom he has issue two daughters.
TITLES.] The Right Honourable Willoughby Bertie, Earl of Abingdon, and Ba∣ron Norreys of Rycote.
CREATIONS.] Baron Norreys of Rycote, by writ of summons, anno 1572. Earl of Abingdon, in the County of Berks, by patent, 30th November, 1682.
ARMS.] Argent, three Battering-rams, barways, proper, armed and garnished, Azure.
GREST.] On a Wreath, the Head and Bust of a King, couped, proper, crowned ducally, and charged on the chest with a Fret, Or.
SUPPORTERS.] On the dexter-side, a Pilgrim, or Friar, vested in russet, with his staff and pater-noster, Argent: On the sinister, a Savage, wreathed about the temples and middle with ivy, proper. On each of their chests a Fret, Or.
MOTTO.] VIRTUS ARIETE FORTIOR.—Virtue is stronger than a battering-ram.
CHIEF SEATS.] At Witham in the county of Berks, 3 miles from Oxford, and 50 from London; and at Rycote in the county of Oxford, 8 miles from Oxford, and 37 from London.