The London adviser and guide: containing every instruction and information useful and necessary to persons living in London, and coming to reside there; ... By the Rev. Dr. Trusler. ...
Trusler, John, 1735-1820.

TABLES OF MEASURES AND WEIGHTS.

    Ale and Beer Measure.
  • 2 Pints make 1 Quart
  • 4 Quarts 1 Gallon
  • 8 Gallons 1 Firkin of Ale
  • 9 Gallons 1 Firkin of Beer
  • 2 Firkins 1 Kilderkin
  • 2 Kilderkins 1 Barrel
  • 3 Kilderkins 1 Hogshead
  • 3 Barrels 1 Butt
    Wine Measure.
  • 4 Gills make 1 Pint
  • 2 Pints 1 Quart
  • 4 Quarts 1 Gallon
  • 18 Gallons 1 Rundlet
  • 1 1-3d Rundlet 1 Barrel
  • 1 1-3d Barrel 1 Tierce
  • 11-2 Tierce or 63 Gall. 1 Hhd
  • 1 1-3d Hhd. or 84 Gall. 1 Puncheon
  • 1 1-half Punch. or 2 Hhds. 1 Pipe or Butt
  • 2 Pipes 1 Tun

By this measure all brandies, spirits, mead, cyder, per|ry, and oil, are measured.

    Page  188Corn Measure.
  • 2 Quarts make 1 Pottle
  • 2 Pottles 1 Gallon
  • 2 Gallons 1 Peck
  • 4 Pecks or 8 Gall. 1 Bushel*
  • 8 Bushels 1 Quarter or Vat
  • 5 Quarters of Wheat, Beans or Pease, 1 Load
  • 10 Quarters of Oats 1 Load
    Dry Measure.
  • 2 Pints make 1 Quart
  • 2 Quarts 1 Pottle
  • 2 Pottles 1 Gallon
  • 2 Gallons 1 Peck
  • 4 Pecks 1 Bushel
  • 8 Bushels 1 Quarter
  • 5 Quarters 1 Wey or Load
  • 5 Pecks 1 Bushel of water measure
  • 4 Bushels 1 Coomb
  • 10 Coombs 1 Wey
  • 2 Weys 1 Last of corn

By this measure salt, lead-ore, oysters, corn, and other dry goods are measured.

    Coal Measure.
  • 4 Pecks make 1 Bushel
  • 9 Bushels 1 Vat or Strike
  • 36 Bushels 1 Chaldron
  • 21 Chaldrons 1 Score

Note, In five chaldrons of coals the seller always gives nine bushels over.

    Cloth Measure.
  • 2 1-4th Inches make 1 Nail
  • 4 Nails 1 Quarter of a Yard
  • 4 Quarters 1 Yard
  • 5 Quarters 1 Ell English
  • 3 Quarters 1 Ell Flemish
  • 6 Quarters 1 Ell French

Scotch and Irish linens are bought and sold by the yard English; but all Dutch linens are bought by the ell Flemish, and fold by the ell English.

    Page  189Long Measure.
  • 3 Barley-corns make 1 inch
  • 3 Inches 1 Palm
  • 3 Palms 1 Span
  • 1 1-3d Palm, or 12 Inches, 1 Foot
  • 1 1-2d Foot 1 Cubit
  • 2 Cubits 1 Yard
  • 1 Yard 2-3ds 1 Pace
  • 1 Pace 1-5th 1 Fathom
  • 2 Fathoms 3-4ths 1 Pole
  • 16 Feet 1-half, or 5 Yards 1-half, 1 Pole
  • 40 Poles 1 Furlong
  • 8 Furlongs 1 Mile
  • 3 Miles 1 League
  • 20 Leagues 1 Degree
  • 69 Miles 1-half 1 Degree

This treats of Length only.

    Square Measure.
  • 144 square Inches make 1 square Foot
  • 9 square Feet 1 square Yard
  • 30 1-4th square Yards 1 square Pole
  • 40 square Poles 1 square Rood
  • 4 square Roods 1 square acre
  • 640 square Acres 1 square Mile

This includes Length and Breadth.

    Cubic Measure.
  • 1728 cubic Inches make 1 Foot
  • 27 cubic Feet make 1 cu|bic Yard

This comprehends Length, Breadth, and Thickness.

    Avoirdupoize Weight.
  • 16 Drachms make 1 ounce, marked oz.
  • 16 Ounces 1 Pound, lb.
  • 28 Pounds 1 Quarter of a Hundred, qr.
  • 4 Quarters 1 Hundred, or 112 lb. cwt.
  • 20 Hundred Weight 1 Ton, T.

Butter, Cheese, Flesh, Grocery wares, and all goods that have waste, are weighed by this.

    Page  190Troy Weight.
  • 4 Grains make 1 Carat
  • 24 Grains 1 Pennyweight, marked dwt.
  • 20 Pennyweight 1 Ounce, marked oz.
  • 12 Ounces 1 Pound lb.

By this weight Jewels, Gold, Silver, Amber, &c. are weighed.—14 Ounces, 11 Pennyweights, and 15 Grains Troy, are equal to a Pound Avoirdupoize.

    Apothecaries Weight.
  • 20 Grains make 1 Scruple, marked ℈
  • 3 Scruples 1 Drachm ʒ
  • 8 Drachms 1 Ounce ℥
  • 12 Ounces 1 Pound, or Pit of Liquid, lb.

Apothecaries compound their medicines by this weight, but buy and sell by Avoirdupoize weight.

    Wool Weight.
  • 7 Pounds make 1 Clove
  • 2 Cloves 1 Stone
  • 2 Stone 1 Todd
  • 6 and half Todd 1 Wey
  • 2 Weys 1 Sack
  • 12 Sacks 1 Last

Bread Weight.
  lb. oz. dr.
A peck loaf should weigh 17 6 1
A half-peck 8 11 0
A quartern 4 5 8

Note, A bushel of flour is 56 lb.—When the quartern loaf wheaten is sold for 8d. the seconds shall be sold for 7 d. the houshold for 6 d. and so in proportion.

    Hay and Straw.
  • A Load of either contains 36 trusses
  • A Truss of Hay 56 Pounds
  • A Truss of Straw 36 Pounds
    Page  191TIME.
  • 60 Seconds make 1 Minute
  • 60 Minutes 1 Hour
  • 24 Hours 1 Day
  • 7 Days 1 Week
  • 4 Weeks 1 Month
  • 13 Months, 1 day, 6 hours, or 365 days, 6 hours, makes 1 Year.
    Paper is Bought by the Ream.
  • 4 Sheets make 1 Quire
  • 0 Quires 1 Ream
  • 2 Reams 1 Bundle
  • 5 Bundles 1 Bale

Note, A perfect Ream is twenty-one Quires and a half, without any outside or damaged Sheets.

A stone of meat is 8lb.

A stone horseman's weight, 14 lb.

Horses in height are measured by hands, each hand four inches.